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Ml^h'iff'iN^^i'ilMT.T PUBLIC LIBRARY 

3 1833 01740 4663 






Published Quaxiterly by 





Richmond, Va. 


No. 707 East Franklin St. 

Reprinted with the permission of the original publisher 

New York 



Editor of the 

Reprinted in U.S.A. 


Table of Contents O. 

Book Reviews 110, 221, 334, 445 Y^ 


Council and General Court Minutes 1622-1629. From the Originals 
in the Library of Congress. Copied and Contributed by 
Lothrop Withington 45, 136, 281 

Council Papers 1698-1700. From the Originals in the Virginia 

State Library 67, 163, 254, 384 

Genealogy: Beverley 97, 212, 305 

Boiling 310, 422 

Brent 96 

Empereour 417 

Eppes 218 

Poindexter 102, 214, 314 

Rolfe 105, 208 

Slaughter 306, 427 

Turner 106, 211, 315, 421 

Henry County Marriage License Bonds 1770-1800. Contributed 

by Col. b. B. Bryant 277 

Historical and Genealogical Notes and Queries 81, 193, 317, 431 

Illustrations: Boiling Hall, Yorskshire, England 310a 

Heacham Church 98a 

Heacham Hall 98a 

Pocahontas, from the original portrait 20Sa 

Portrait of Robert James Brent 96a 

Smith's Fort House, Exterior and interior views .. 208a 

Smith's Fort, Remains of Earthworks at 210a 

Smith's Fort, View from Bluff at 210a 

Ludwell, Philip, Inventory of Estate, 1707. From the original in 

the Collection of the Virginia Historical Society 395 

Massie, Major Thomas, Revolutionary Pension Declaration 184 

Randolph Manuscript, Virginia Seventeenth Century Records. 
From the Original in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 
Society 1. 113, 225,347 


Revolutionary Army Orders for the Main Army under Washington. 
From the Originals in the Collection of the Virginia Histori- 
cal Society 24, 155, 293, 377 

Revolutionary Pension Declarations, from Augusta County, Va. 

Contributed by Judge Lyman Chalkley 8 

Sussex County Wills, 1754-1804 (M-P). Contributed by W. B. 

Cridlin 269 

Virginia Gleanings in England, (Wills, &c.,) by Lothrop Withing- 

ton 153, 249, 372 

Virginia's Soldiers in the Revolution. A Bibliography, by C. A. 

Flagg and W. O. Waters 337 

Virginia in 16G6-1667. From English Public Records 33 

Virginia in 1667-1G76. From English Public Records 122 

Virginia in 1676-1677. From English Public Records 234 

Virginia in 1677. From English Public Records 359 

Virginia Historical Society, List of Officers and Members, January, 
1913. January Magazine. 

Virginia Historical Society, Proceedings of Annual Meeting, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1913. April Magazine. 





Published Quarterly by 





Richmond, Va. 
No. 707 East Franklin St. 

Reprinted with the permission of the original publisher 

New York 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXI. JANUARY, 1913. No. 1 


Virginia Seventeenth Century Records. 

From the Original in the Collection of the Virginia Historical Society 

Commission and Instructions to the Earl of Orkney 
FOR the Government of Virginia. 


And We do hereby require and Command all Officers & 
Ministers Civil & Military, and all other Inhabitants of our 
said Colony & Dominion to be obedient aiding & assisting unto 
you the said George Earl of Orkney in the Execution of this 
our Commission, and of the Powers & Authioities herein con- 
tain'd, & in Case of your Death or Absence out of our said 
Colony to be obedient aiding & Assisting unto such person as 
shall be appointed by us to be our Lieut Govemour or Com- 
mander in Chief of our said Colony To whom we do therefore 


by these Presents Give & Grant all & Singular the Powers & 
Authorities herein granted to be by hiro Executed & Enjoy'd 
during our Pleasure, or untill your Arrival within our said 
Colony — If upon your Death or Absence out of our said Col- 
ony there be no Person upon the Place commissionated or 
appointed by us to be our Lieut Governor or Commander in 
Chief of the said Colony Our Will and Pleasure is, That the 
Eldest Councellor whose Name is first Plac'd in our said In- 
structions to you, and who shall be at the time of your Death 
or Absence, residing within our said Colony & Dominion of 
Virginia, shall take upon him the Administration of the Gov- 
ernment, and Execute our said Commission & Instructions, 
And the Several Powers & Authorities therein Contained, 
in the Same Manner, And to all Intents & Purposes as other 
our Governor or Commander in Chief shou'd or ought to do 
in Case of your Absence imtil your Return, or in all Cases 
untni our further Pleasure be known therein, And We do 
hereby declare, Ordain, and Appoint that You the said George 
Earl of Orkney, shall and may hold. Execute & Enjoy, the Office 
and Place of our Lieut & Governor General of otir said Col- 
ony & Dominion with all its Rights Members & Appurtenan- 
ces whatsoever together with all & Singular the Powers 
& Authoritys hereby Granted tmto you, for & during our Will 
& Pleastire, Lastly we have revoked Determin'd & made Void 
And by these Presents do revoke Determine & make Void 
certain Letters Patents Granted by her late Majesty Queen 
Anne imto you the said George Earl of Orkney for the Gov- 
ernment of our said Colony & Dominion of Virginia under the 
Great Seal of Great Britain bearing Date at Westminster 
the day of in the Year of her said 

late Majesty's Reign And every Clause, Article & thing there- 
in Contain'd, In Witness whereof we have caused these our 
Letters to be made Patents. 

Witness Our Self at Westminster the day of 

in the first Year of oiu- Reign. 

And for so doing this shall be yovir Warrant Given at our 
Court at St. James the 15th day of January 1714 in the first 
Year of our Reiga. 


By his Majesty's Command, 
James Stanhope. 
To our Attorney or 
Solicitor Generall 

A True Coppy from Books of the R*" Hon"'^ the Lord 
Carteret's Office. Whitehall 28 April 1722 

Danl Preveran. 

instructions for our right trusty & RIGHT 

GEORGE R. * J ,.. *^ , r . 

And m his Absence to the Lieutenant Gover- 
nor or Commander in Chief of our said Colony 
for the time being, Given at our Court at St 
James's the 15th day of April 1715 in the first 
Year of our Reign. 

1. With these our Instructions you will receive our Com- 
mission under our Great Seal of Great Britain, Constituting 
you our Lieutenant & Govemour General of our Colony & 
Dominion of Virginia in America. 

2. You are therefore to fit your self with all convenient speed 
& to repair to our said Colony of Virginia, And being there 
Arriv'd, You are to take upon you the Execution of the Place 
& Trust we have repos'd in You. And forthwith to Call to- 
gether the Members of Our Coimcil for Our Colony and Do- 
minion, by Name, Viz. Edmund Jennings, Robt. Carter, 
James Blair, Phillip Ludwell, John Lewis, WiUiam Byrd, Will- 
iam Basset, Nat Harrison, Mann Page, Dudley Digges, Peter 
Beverley and John Robinson Esq*"*' 

3. And You are with due and Usual Solemnity to Cause 
our said Commission under our great Seal of Great Britain 
Constituting You our Lieutenant and Governor General of 
our said Colony & Dominion, to be read and Publish'd at the 
said meeting of our Council. 


4. Which being done you shall yourself take — and also Ad- 
minister unto each of the Members of Our Councill, As well 
the Oaths Appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead 
of the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy, And the Oath men- 
tion'd in an Act pass'd in the Sixth Year of her late Majesty's 
Reign Entituled An Act for the Security of her Majesty's 
Person and Government and of the Succession to the Crown 
of Great Britain in the Protestant Line, as also to make and 
Subscribe, & cause the Members of otur Council to make and 
Subscribe the Declaration Mentioned in our Act of Parlia- 
ment made in the 25tb Year of the Reign of King Charles the 
Second, Entituled, an Act for Preventing Dangers which may 
happen from Popish Recusants, And you and every of them 
are likewise to take an Oath for the due Execution of Your and 
their Places and Trusts, as well with regard to your and their 
equal and Impartial Administration of Justice, and you are 
also to take the Oath required to be taken by Governors of 
Plantations to do their Utmost that the Laws relating to the 
Plantations be observ'd. 

5. You are forthwith to Communicate unto our said Coun- 
cil Such & so many of these our Instructions wherein their 
Advice and Consent are Mention 'd to be requisite, as likewise 
all such others from time to time as you shall find Convenient 
for our Ser\dce to be imparted to them. 

6. You are to permit the Members of our Said Council of 
Virginia, to have and enjoy freedom of Debate, and Vote in 
all Affairs of Publick Concern, that may be Debated in Council. 

7. And also by our Commission aforesaid, we have thought 
fitt to direct that any three of our Councelors make a Quorum, 
It is Nevertheless Our Will and Pleasure that you do not Act 
without a Quorum of less than five Members unless upon Ex- 
traordinary Emergencies when a greater Number cannot be 
conveniently had.. 

8. And that we may be always informed of the Names & 
Characters of Persons fit to Supply the Vacancies that shall 
happen in Our said Council, You are to transmit unto us by 
one of our Principal Secretarys of State And to Otu- Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations with all Convenient Speed 


the Names and Characters of Twelve Persons Inhabitants of 
our said Colony, whom you shall esteem the best qualifi'd 
for that Trust, and so from time to time when any of them 
shall d^^e, depart out of our said Colony, or become otherwise 
vmfit. You are to Nominate so many others in their Stead, 
that the list of twelve Persons fit to Supply the said Vacancys 
may be always Compleat. 

9. You are from time to time to send unto us as aforesaid 
& to our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, the Name 
or Names and Quality's of any Member or Members by you 
put into otu- said Council, by the first Conveniency after 
your so doing. 

10. And in the Choice and Nomination of the Members 
of our said Council, as also of the Chief Officers, Judges, Assis- 
tants, Justices and Sheriffs, You are always to take Care that 
they be Men of good Life & well Affected to oiir Government, 
and of Good Estates, and Abilities, and not Necessitous People, 
or much in debt. 

11. You are neither to Augment nor diminish the Ntunber 
of our said Coimcil as it is hereby Established, Nor to Suspend 
any of the Members thereof without good and Sufficient Cause 
nor without the Consent and Majority of the said Council, 
And in case of Suspension of any. You are to Cause your Rea- 
sons for so doing, together with the Charges and Proofs, against 
the said Persons, and their Answer thereunto, (Unless you 
have some Extraordinary Reason to the Contrary) to be duly 
enter'd upon the Council Books, And you are forthwith to 
transmit the same together with your Reasons for not Entring 
them upon the Council Books (in Case you do not Enter 
them) tmto us,, And to our Commissioners for Trade and Plan- 
tations as aforesaid. 

12. You are to Signify otu- Pleasure unto the Members 
of our said Council, that if any of them shall hereafter absent 
themselves from otir said Colony, and continue absent above 
the Space of Twelve Months together without leave from you, 
or from the Commander in Chief for the time being, first Ob- 
tain'd or shall remain absent for the Space of Two Years or the 
greater Part thereof Successively without our Leave given them 


tmder our Royal Sign Manual their Place or Places in our 
said Council shall immediately thereupon become Void, & 
that we will forthwith appoint others in their Stead. 

13. And whereas we Subscribe that Effectual care ought to 
be taken to Oblige the Members of Our said Cotmcil to a due 
Attendance therein, in order to prevent the many Inconve- 
niences that may happen from the Want of a Quorum of the 
Coimcil to Transact Business as Occasion may require IT IS 
OUR WILL AND PLEASURE that if any of the Members of 
the said Council shall hereafter Wilfully absent themselves when 
duly Summon'd without a just and Lawfull Cause, And shall 
persist therein after Admonition, You Suspend the said Coim- 
cellors so absenting them till Our further Pleasure be known, 
Giving us timely Notice thereof. And We hereby Will and re- 
quire you that this our Royall Pleasure be Signify'd to the 
Several Members of oiu: Coimcil aforesaid, and that it be en- 
ter'd in the Coimcil Book of our said Colony as a standing 

14. You are to observe in the Passing of Laws that the Stile 
of Enacting the Same be by the Governor Council & Assembly 
and no other. You are as much as Possible to Observe in the 
Passing of all Laws that whatever may be requisite upon each 
different Matter be accordingly provided for by a different 
Law without intermixing in One & the Same Act such things 
as have no Proper relation to each other. And You are more 
Especially to take Care that no Clause or Clauses be Inserted 
in or Annext to any Act which shall be foreign to what the 
Title of such respective Act imports, & that no perpetual 
Clause be Part of any Temporary Law, and that no Act what- 
ever be Suspended, Alter'd, Reviv'd, Confirm'd or Repeal'd 
by General Words but that the Title & Date of such Act so 
Suspended, Alter'd, Reviv'd Confirm'd or Repealed be Par- 
ticularly Mention'd & Expressed. 

15. You are also to take Care that no Private Act be pass 'd 
in which there is not a Saving Us Our Heirs & Successors all 
Bodys Politick or Corporate & of all other Persons except 
such as are mention'd in the Act. 


16. And Whereas great Mischief may Arise by Passing Bills 
of an Unusual & Extraordinary Nature & Importance in the 
Plantations which Bill remain in force there from the time of 
Enacting untill Our Pleasure be Signify'd to the Contrary, 
We do hereby Will and Require you not to Pass or give Your 
Consent hereafter to any Bill or Bills in the Assembly of our 
said Colony of vmusual and Extraordinary Natiu-e & Im- 
portance, Wherein our Prerogative or property of our Subjects 
may be prejudiced, without having either first Transmitted 
to us the Draught of such a Bill or Bills and ovu- having Signi- 
mfy'd our Royal Pleasure or that you take Care in the Passing 
of any Act of unusual and Extraordinary Nature that there 
be a Clause inserted therein Suspending and deferring the Exe- 
cution thereof Untill our further Pleasure be known concerning 
the said Act to the End ovir Prerogative may not Suffer & that 
Our Subjects may not have reason to complain of hardships 
put upon them on the like Occasions. 

17. You are to transmit Authentick Copies of all Laws 
Statutes and Ordinances that are now made and in force which 
have not yet been sent, or which at any time hereafter shall be 
made or Enacted within our said Colony each of them Seper- 
ately imder the Publick Seal unto Us & to our Commissioners 
for Trade & Plantations within three Months or by the first 
Opportunity after their being Enacted together with — Du- 
plicates thereof by the next Conveyance upon Pain of our 
highest displeasure and of the forfeit of that Years Salary 
Wherein you shall at any time upon any Pretence Whatsoever 
omit to send over the said Laws Statutes & Ordinances afore- 
said within the time above limitted as also of such other Pen- 
alty as we shall Please to inflict But if it shall happen that 
during the time of War No shipping shall come from our said 
Colony within three Months after the Making such Laws 
Statutes and Ordinances whereby the same may be transmit- 
ted as aforesaid then the said Laws Statutes & Ordinances are 
to be transmitted as aforesaid by the next conveyance after 
the making thereof whenever it may happen for our Appro- 
bation or disallowance of the same 


18. And Our further Will and Pleasure is That in every Act 
which shall be transmitted there be the Several Dates & Re- 
spective times when the Same Pass'd the Assembly The Council 
and receiv'd your Assent, And you are to be as Particular as 
may be in your Observations to be sent to our Commissioners 
for Trade & Plantations upon every Act, that is to say whether 
the same is Introductive of a New Law Declaratory of a for- 
mer Law, or does repeal a Law then before in being and you are 
likewise to send to our said Commissioners the Reasons for 
the Passing of such Law unless the same do fully appear in 
the Preamble of the said Act. 

19. And Whereas it hath been represented that the Taxes 
which have been levied by Poll within our said Colony have 
been heavy and burthensome tmto our Subjects there, You are 
to recommend to the General Assembly the Consideration 
and Settling such a way for raising Money upon Necessary 
Occasions as shall be more equal and Acceptable to our sub- 
jects there than the Method of Levying by Poll and Titheables. 

(to be continued.) 


From the Records of Augusta County, Va. 

Contributed by Judge Lyman Chalkley 

Samuel Bell. 
On motion of Joseph Bell and Sarah Bell, two of the legatees 
of Samuel Bell, dec'd, it is ordered to be certified to the execu- 
tive of this Com'th and to the Register of the land office that 
it appears to the satisfaction of this court on the evidence of 
the said Joseph Bell and Smith Thompson, That the said Sam- 
uel Bell dec'd entered the Virginia line on Continental estab- 
lishment on the 8th March 1777 as an ensign in Captain Mc- 
Guire's company attached to the i6th Regt. commanded by 
Col. Wm. Grayson ; that he was afterwards attached to Cap. 
Thomas Bell's Co. in the same regt. was at the battle of 


Brandywine, Germantown, Guilford C. H. and last at the 
battle of Hot Water in which he was wounded in eight or 
nine places and taken prisoner. Was afterwards taken to 
Williamsburg by the enemy and paroled and continued in the 
army to the end of the war as an supernumerary officer ; that he 
died in Staunton in 1788 having first made his last will and 
testament bearing date 23 Sep. 1782 and duly recorded in the 
clerk's office of said court, leaving the said Joseph Bell, Sarah 
Bell, Thomas Bell and Jolin Bell, his legatees. 

That the said Thomas Bell died in the county of Albemarle 
having first made his last will and testament bearing date 9 
May 1797, recorded in Albemarle, leaving William Love Robert 
Washington Bell, Sally Jefferson Bell, and Wm. Wells his lega- 

That the said John Bell died in County of Augusta leaving 
a will dated 11 Feb'y 1797, recorded in Augusta leaving said 
Joseph Bell residuary Legatee. 

(Order Book 39, April 28, 1823.) 

Joseph Bell. 
Virginia, Augusta County, towit : 

On this 30th day of August 1832 personally appeared in 
open court before the justice of the Augusta County Court 
now setting (Maj.) Jos. Bell a resident of the County and 
State aforesaid, aged about seventy seven years who being first 
duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the follow- 
ing declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of 
Congress passed the 7th day of June 1832. 

That he was born in Augusta County and State of Virginia 
in the month of February 1755 as he has always understood 
and believes ; that there is no record of his age known to him, 
that he has always resided and still resides on the farm where 
he was born in the said County of Augusta. 

That as one of the militia of Augusta County he was drafted 
for the protection of the western frontier from the Indians; 
that he rendezvoused at Lexington in the County of Rocking- 
ham about the 15th July, 1776 and was attached to the Com- 


pany under the command of Captain John Lyle and marched 
to Holston River under Colonel Russell ; from thence he march- 
ed to the Great Island of Holston River and was there placed 
under the command of Col. William Christian ; from thence he 
marched to the Cherokee Towns south west of the Tennessee 
River and was stationed there for some time and returned 
home about the middle of December 1776, being absent in the 
service about five months — that he received no written dis- 
charge that he knows of no one living at this time, except 
Major Williarriv Willson of said County of Augusta by whom 
he can prove the service above set forth, that the said Willson 
was with him on the said tour of duty. 

He was drafted as one of the Militia of Augusta County 
for a second tour of duty and rendezvoused at Staunton in 
Augusta County & State of Virginia on the 22d day of Sep- 
tember 1777 and was placed under the command of Captain 
Thomas Smith of the Augusta Militia, and he was elected as 
first sergeant of the Company, in which capacity he served 
during the said tour of duty — from Staunton he marched to 
the Little Levels in the County of Greenbrier in the State of 
Virginia at which point they were joined by other troops under 
the commands of Col's Dickenson, Samuel McDowell and Geo. 
Skeleron. From the little levels, they marched to the mouth 
of the Great Kanawha river (Point Pleasant) to join the army 
under the command of Gen'l Hand, after having remained for 
some time there the Army was drawn up, and Col. Sam'l Mc- 
Dowell rode along the lines and proclaimed that Gen'l Burgoine 
the commander of the British Army had surrendered the Army 
under his command as prisoners of war, and the troops were 
discharged, and the said applicant reached home with other 
men from Augusta County about the second week in December 
1777 after an absence in the service of about two months and 
three weeks — that he received no written discharge — that he 
has no knowldge at this time of any person living by whom he 
could prove this tour of duty. 

That he was ordered out on a third tour of duty by Col. 
Sampson Mathews, the commandant of the Augusta Militia 


for the protection of the Western Frontier from the murders 
of the Indians, that he rendezvoused at Staunton in the County 
of Augusta & State of Virginia on the i6th day of April 1779 
and was placed under the command of Capt. James Trimble of 
the Augusta Militia, that applicant was appointed orderly ser- 
geant of the company and in that capacity served during that 
tour of duty, that they marched from Staunton to Tigers 
Valley in he State of Virginia and from thence to the head 
waters of Jackson's River in the State of Virginia, that after 
his tour of duty which was for three months expired, he re- 
turned home having received no written discharge nor is there 
any person now living that he knows of whose testimony he is 
able to procure to prove his service on this his third tour of 

That he was ordered out as one of the militia of Augusta 
County and rendezvoused at Rockfish Gap in the County of 
Augusta for the purpose of guarding the prisoners taken at 
the battle of the Cowpens by Gen'l Morgan, from Rockfish Gap 
he marched as one of the guard of said prisoners to the County 
of Shenandoah, and from thence returned home being absent 
in the service about 15 days. 

His fifth and last service in the war of the Revolution was as 
an Ensign in the Militia of Augusta County. He rendivouzed 
with the troops called into service from Augusta County at 
Col. Easoms (now Waynesboro in the County of Augusta) on 
the 6th day of June 1781 — and marched from thence as an En- 
sign in Cap. Francis Long's Company and joined the troops 
under the command of Gen'l Lafayette at Col. Dandridge's in 

the County of , that he acted with the Army under 

the command of Gen'l Lafayette, was in the battles of Hot 
Water, under the command of Col. Willis, was at the battle of 
James Town under the command of Gen'l Wayne in July 1781, 
that he continued with the army and marched to Yorktown 
where he continued in his command as an Ensign until the sur- 
render of Lord Cornwallis, shortly after which the troops were 
discharged and he returned to his residence in Augusta County 
having been absent in the service about five months — tliat his 


commission of Ensign was signed by Thomas Jefferson while 
Governor of Virginia, that he remembers when looking over 
his papers some few years since to have seen it, but that on 
looking for it lately he has not been able to find it and supposes 
that it has been destroyed lost or mislaid. 

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension 
or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not 
on the pension roll of the agency of State. 

William Davis one of the justices of the peace for Augusta 
County deposed in open Court that he had known Joseph Bell 
from about the period of the Revolutionary War to the present 
time, having resided in the same neighborhood during that 
time, the fact of his having served several tours of duty as one 
of the militia of Augusta County was one of general notoriety, 
that he has often heard it spoken of by men in the neighbor- 
hood who was in the service with the said Bell, he remembers 
particularly to have heard his brother James Davis (now de- 
ceased) speak of having served three several tours of duty with 
the said Bell and being one of his mess, that he knows the fact 
that his brother James was absent from home in the service — 
the said Davis father stated that he had always understood and 
had no doubt but that the said Bell did hold a commission of 
Ensign in the war of the Revolution and served in that capacity 
as stated by him, that he was at the house of the said Bell some 
few years since and the said Bell showed him his commission of 
Ensign which was signed by Thomas Jefferson as Governor of 
Virginia. That he believes the said Bell to be about yj years 
of age. That the said Bell is a man in whose statements every 
reliance may be placed. 

Maj. William Willson of said County of Augusta also ap- 
peared in open Court and deposed that he was well acquainted 
with the said Joseph Bell in the war of the Revolution, that he 
knows the fact that the said Joseph Bell did serve the tour of 
duty under Capt. John Lyle as set forth in the said Bell's declara- 
tion this day presented to the court and read in his presence, that 
he said William was on the said tour of duty with the said Bell 
which commenced in July 1776 and terminated in December 


1776, that he heard of the said Bell's being out on other tours 
of duty during the war of the Revolution and entertains no 
doubt but that he was, that the said Bell is reputed and believed 
in his neighborhood to have been a soldier and officer, that the 
said Bell has always been regarded as a man of strict veracity 
and from his knowledge of him and the character he has always 
sustained he would rely upon any statement made by him, that 
he believes the said Bell to be about yj years of age. 

And the said Court do hereby declare their opinion after the 
investigation, of the matter and after putting the interrogatories 
prescribed by the War Department that the above named appli- 
cant was a Revolutionary Soldier and officer and served as he 
states, and the Court further certifies that they are personally 
acquainted with the said Joseph Bell the applicant and William 
Davis and William Willson whose testimony is above set forth ; 
that they are all residents of the County of Augusta and State 
of Virginia and highly respectable and credible and that their 
statements are entitled to full credit. 

Smith Thompson. 

State of Virginia, 

Augusta County towit : 
On the 24th day of July 1820 personally appeared' in open 
Court being a Court of record for said County Smith Thompson 
aged about seventy-three years resident in the said County, 
who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath 
declare that he served in the revolutionary war as follows : that 
he enlisted in Staunton in Virginia on the loth day of July 
1777 with Lieut. Robert Kirk of the Company of Captain Gran- 
ville Smith; that he was then marched to White Marsh and 
attached to the i6th regiment commanded by Colonel William 
Grayson ; that he was in the battles of Monmouth Court House, 
Stoney Point, Paulus Hook, and at the siege of Charleston 
where he was captured, and that he was afterwards at the 
battle of Guilford Court House, and the capture of Comwallis, 
and that he was discharged in the month of June 1780. He is 


now unable from age and infirmity to follow his occupation 
which is that of a weaver. He has already made a declaration 
under the act of Congress passed on the i8th day of March 
1818 which is dated the i6th of July 1819, his pension certificate 

is dated day of October, 1819. He further swears that 

he was a resident citizen of the United States on the i8th day 
of March 181 8 and that he has not since that time by gift sale 
or in any other manner disposed of his property or any part 
thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring himself 
within the provisions of an Act of Congress entitled an act to 
provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval ser- 
vice of the United States in the revolutionary war passed on 
the 1 8th day of March 1818; and that he has not nor has any 
person in trust for him any property or securities contracts or 
debts due to him nor has he any income other than what is 
contained in the schedule hereto annexed and by him sub- 
scribed. He further swears that the only members of his fam- 
ily are his wife aged about forty-five years who is sickly and 
infirm and unable to contribute materially towards the support 
even of herself ; and a small servant girl about eight years old 
belonging to John C. Sowers of said County. 


One house and lot in the town of Staunton in which I reside 
and of which about three hundred and fifteen dollars of the 
purchase money remains unpaid, no part of which I am able 
to pay. 

Two walnut tables. 

6 Windsor chairs. 

6 leather bottom chairs (old). 

2 Split bottom do. 

I Loom and harness. 

I Quill wheel and swifts. 

I Clock. 

I Cow and two calves. 

I Old desk. 

I Bible and some religious books. 

Debts due me about ten dollars against which is to be set oflF 


debts due by me besides the purchase money of the said house 
and lot upwards of $100.00. 

(Signed) Smith 1 hompson. 

Sworn to and declared on the 24th day of July 1820 before 
the said Court of Augusta County. 

I, Erasmus Stribling, clerk of Augusta County Court do 
hereby certify that the foregoing oath and the schedule thereto 
annexed are truly copied from the records of said court and 
I do further certify that it is the opinion of the said Court that 
the total amount in value of the property exhibited in the afore- 
said schedule is seven hundred and seventy dollars. In this 
estimate the house and lot are valued as encumbered with the 
purchase money. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and af- 
fixed the seal of the said Court on the day of July in 

the year of our Lord 1820. 

James Burnley. 

State of Virginia, 

Augusta County towit: 
On this 29th day of August 1820 personally appeared in 
open Court being a Court of record for said County, James 
Burnley, aged about seventy years, resident in the said county, 
who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath 
declare that he served in the revolutionary war as follows : that 
he enlisted with Captain Moses Hawkins in Fluvanna Va., that 
he marched under the said Captain to Middlebrook in New 
Jersey, from thence to the White Plains and was engaged in 
the battle of Brandywine in the fourteenth Virginia regiment 
commanded by Colonel Lewis, and was afterwards engaged 
at the siege of Mud Island, from whence he went to Valley 
Forge where the army wintered, he afterwards fought in the 
battle of Monmouth & was discharged by the Dr. General as 
being incapable of service. He is now so infirm from age that 
he is able to do but very little work, he has already made a 


declaration under the act of Congress passed on the i8th of 
March 1818, the date of which declaration he does not recollect 
his pension certificate is dated the seventh day of January 1819. 
He further swears that he was a citizen of the United States 
on the 1 8th day of March 1818 & that he has not since that time 
by gift sale or in any other manner disposed of his property 
or any part thereof with intent thereby to diminish it as to 
bring himself within the provisions of an act" of Congress en- 
titled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land 
and naval service of the United States, in the revolutionary war 
passed on the i8th day of March 1818 & that he has not nor 
has any person in trust for him any property or securities con- 
tracts or debts due to him nor has he any income other than 
what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed & by him 
subscribed. He further deposeth that the only members of his 
family are himseilf and his wife who is about 50 years old, in 
bad health and not able to do any work. He rents a small 
house with a little lot containing less than a quarter of an acre. 
His circumstances are so destitute as to require the assistance 
of his Country for a support. 

Schedule of the estate of the said James Burnley necessary 
doathing and bedding excepted. 

2 beds and furniture. 

I set knives and forks. 

I do spoons. 

4 chairs. 

I spade. 

I mattock. 

Shovel and tongs. 

I pot rack. 

3 pots. 
I oven. 

I frying pan. 
I flesh fork. 


Rent due against the same property $60.00 (7vhich cUl the 
property is not worth the amount against the same). 


August 24, 1820. 

James X Burnley. 

William Francis. 

Augusta County to wit : 

On this 23 day of October 1820 personally appeared in open 
Court being a Court of record for said County, William Fran- 
cis, aged about eighty years, who being first duly sworn 
according to law doth on his oath make the following declara- 
tion in order to obtain the provision made by the Acts of Con- 
gress of the i8th of March 1818 and the first of May 1820, 
That he the said William Francis enlisted for the term of three 

years on the day of in the year 1776 in the 

State of Virginia in the Company commanded by Capt'n 
Thomas Bell in the regiment commanded by Col. Grayson in 
the line of the State of Virginia on Continental establishment, 
that he was in the battles of Brandywine, Germanown, Prince- 
on, Trenton, and that he continued to serve in the said corps 

until the day of ^779 when he was discharged 

from the said service at the Valley Forge in the State of Penn- 
sylvania, and that he has no other evidence now in his power 
except his own oath. And in pursuance of the Act of the first 
of May 1820 I do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen 
of the United States, on the i8th day of March 181 8, and that 
I have not since that time by gift sale or in any other manner 
disposed of my property or any part thereof, with intent there- 
by so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provisions of 
an Act of Congress entitled "an Act to provide for certain per- 
sons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States 
in the Revolutionary War" passed on the i8th day of March 
one thousand eight hundred and eighteen ; and that I have not, 
nor has any person in trust for me, any property or securities, 


contracts or debts due to me; nor have I any income other 
than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed and by 
me subscribed ; that I am by occupation a farmer, but rendered 
unable by age and infirmity to follow it; and that my wife 
whose age I does not know is unable to contribute towards my 
support, and my children who were able to work have left me. 
Schedule of the property of William Francis. 

1 oven, I pot, and skillet, $2.00 

2 knives and forks, 2 tea cups and soucers, .25 
2 chairs, .25 

William X Francis. 

Alexander Nelson. 
Virginia, Augusta County, towit: 

On this 23d day of August 1825 personally appeared in open 
Court being a Court of record for the County aforesaid in the 
said State of Virginia (having its proceedings according to 
the course of the common law, with a jurisdiction unlimited in 
point of amount, keeping a record of their proceedings and 
having the power of Fine and Imprisonment) Alexander Nel- 
son, resident in said County, aged seventy-eight years, who 
being first duly sworn according to Law doth, on his oath, make 
the following declaration, in order to obtain the provision made 
by the Acts of Congress of the i8th March 1818 and the ist 
May 1820 : That he, the said Alexander Nelson, enlisted for the 
term of eighteen months, in the Fall of the year 1780 (the 
month & day not recollected) in the Town of Staunton in the 
State of Virginia, in the Company commanded by Cap. Laps- 
ley, in the regiment commanded by Col. (the Colonel's 

name not remembered) in the line of the State of Virginia on 
Continental establishment : That he was marched to Hillsboro, 
in North Carolina, where he was placed in Cap. Wallace's Com- 
pany, in the regiment commanded by Col. Hawes : He was in 
the battles of Guilford Court House, Camden, and Eutaw 


Springs, & at the siege of Ninety Six : He afterwards lay sick, 
for some time, in the Hospital at Camden, & was subsequently 
marched with his Company (which was commanded by Cap. 
Stribling after the battle of Guilford, where Captain Wallace 
was killed) to Salisbury in North Carolina, where, having 
served out his full term, he was honorably discharged, which 
discharge he has accidentally lost : That he hereby relinquishes 
every claim whatever to a pension, except the present : That his 
name is not on the roll of any State, except Virginia ; and that 
the following are the reasons for not making earlier application 
of a pension : his unwillingness to subsist on charity or become 
a burthen to the public, so long as he was able by any and every 
exertion to procure a scanty subsistence for himself, but his ad- 
vanced age and increasing infirmities have disabled him from 
further pursuit of means necessary for a support. 

And, in pursuance of the Act ist May 1820, I do solemnly 
swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 
i8th day of March 1818; & that I have not since that time, by 
gift sale or in any other manner, disposed of my property or 
any part thereof, with intent thereby so to diminish it as to 
bring myself within the provisions of an Act of Congress, en- 
titled "An Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the 
land and naval service of the United States in the Revolution- 
ary War" passed on the i8th day of March 1818; and that I 
have not, nor has any person in trust for me any property or 
securities, contracts or debts due to me, nor have I any income, 
other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed 
and by me subscribed. That since the i8th of March 1818, the 
following change has been made in my property: One horse 
sold to James Buchanan for the sum of Twenty five Dollars, 
for which I hold his note, &: which is entered in my schedule, 
the recovery of which is, however, very doubtful. 

Due to me from James Astor, $100.00 

Due to me from John & James Brafford and Sam'l Doak, 15.00 
Due to me from John Hays, 1.25 

Due to me from Joshua Hyden, 2.00 

Due to me from William Gilke.son, 1.50 


Due to me from William Glendy, 


Due to me from David Grove, 


Due to me from James Buchanan, 


Shoemakers' Tools, 


I Trunk, 








Peter Mines. 

State of Virginia, 

Augusta County towit : 
On this 26th day of June, 1820, personally appeared in open 
Court being a Court of record for said County Peter Mines 
aged about sixty-nine years resident in the said county who 
being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath de- 
clare that he served in the Revolutionary war as follows : He 
enlisted with Capt. John Hays in the County of Rockbridge in 
Virginia on the first day of Sept 1777 and was marched in 
Company to White Marsh and was there attached to the 9th 
Virginia regiment commanded by Col'o George Mathews ; that 
he was marched from White Marsh to Valley Forge from there 
to Morristown, to Trenton and thence to Philadelphia, that he 
was in the battles of Monmouth Court H^ouse and Guilford 
Court House and that at Monmouth Courthouse from severe 
labor in erecting huts for winter quarters he was badly rup- 
tured, that he was discharged in the month of July 1780, that 
he is unable to obtain a livelihood by his occupation which is 
that of a breeches maker. He has already made a declaration 
nder the Act of Congress passed on the i8th day of March 
1818 the date of which declaration he does not now recalled, 
his pension certificate is dated the 7th day of Jan'y 1819. He 
solemnly swears he was a resident citizen of the United States 
on the 1 8th day of March 18 18 and that he has not since that 
time by gift, sale or in any other manner disposed of his prop- 


erty or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as 
to bring himself within the provision of an act of Congress 
enitled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the 
land and naval service of the United States in the revolutionary 
war passed on the i8th day of March 1818, and that he has not 
nor has any person in trust for him any property or securities 
contracts or debts due to him, nor has he any property except 
what is included in the schedule here unto annexed. He has 
no family but his wife an old and infirm woman and a daughter 
who contributes nothing to his support. 

Schedule of property 

Two cows, three hogs, altogether worth thirty dollars. 


Peter X Mines. 


Sworn to and declared on the 26th day of June 1820 before 
the said Court of Augusta County. 

I, Erasmus Stribling, Clerk of Augusta County Court do 
hereby certify that the foregoing oath is truly copied from the 
record of said Court. In testimony whereof I have hereunto 

set my hand and affixed the seal of the said Court on the 

day of . 

John Ballard. 
State of Virginia, 

Augusta County, towit, 

On this 26th day of June 1820, personally appeared in open 
court, being a court of record for the said county, John Bal- 
lard, aged about sixty years, resident in the said County, who 
being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath de- 
clare that he served in the revolutionary war as follows : He en- 
listed with Lieuten't Howard, in Loudoun County, State of 
Virginia and was marched to Fredericksburg in said State 
where he was attached to Captain Adam Wallace's Company, 
& Col. Bluford's regiment. From Fredericksburg he marched 
with said regiment to Petersburg, in said State and was en- 
camped near that place during the winter. The spring follow- 


ing he marched with said Bluford to the neighborhood of 
Charleston in South CaroHna, & was afterward taken prisoner 
at said Bluford's defeat at the hanging rock, where he was 
badly wounded. He received three cuts on the head, a wound 
in the side with a bayonet and one of his fingers was nearly 
cut off. He suffered very severely from exposure to the in- 
clemencies of the weather whilst encamped near Petersburg. 
He is now entirely unable to do any kind of work, in conse- 
qunence of the injuries which he sustained while in the service 
of his country aforesaid ; and is so perfectly helpless that he 
cannot put on or take off his own clothes without assistance. 
He has already made a declaration under the Act of Congress 
passed on the i8th March 1818, the date of which declaration 
he does not recollect ; his pension certificate is dated the 8th 
January, 1819. He has been some years in such indigent cir- 
cumstances that before he obtained his pension from the United 
States he was a charge on the County. And I do solemnly 
swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 
1 8th day of March 18 18, & that I have not since that time by 
gift, sale, or in any other manner disposed of my property or 
any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to 
bring myself within the provisions of an act of Congress en- 
titled "An Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the 
land and naval service of the United States in the revolutionary 
war, passed on he i8th day of March, 1818, & that I have not 
nor has any person in trust for me, any property or securities, 
contracts or debts due to me ; nor have I any income other than 
is contained in the schedule hereto annexed, & by me subscribed. 
The said declarant further deposeth that the only members of 
his family are himself and his wife ; that before he became a 
cripple, his occupation was that of a farmer, but he is now 
unable to pursue and does not pursue any occupation whatever. 
His wife is aged about forty-six years. Her time is occupied 
in attending to the household duties & to this declarant, who, 
from his helpless sitation, & the state of his wounds requires 
much attention. She is able to contribute very little if anythmg 
to the support of this deponent. She expects to obtain some 
small compensation for attending to cleaning the Episcopal 


Church in the town of Staunton, but that will depend entirely 
upon the liberality of the members of the Church who may 
choose to contribute. 

Schedule of the estate of the said John Ballard — necessary 
clothing and bedding excepted. 

I Bureau. 

I Chest. 

I Candlestick. 

6 Chairs. 

1 Cricket. 

2 Small tables. 

I Small old looking glass. 

1 Bible I prayer book. 

2 Hymn books, 

A few religious pamphlets. 

I pair smoothing irons. 

I Tub. 

I Flour barrel. 

I Copper tea kettle. 

I Hair broom. 

I Tub. 

I Oven. 

I Skillet. 

I Tin Bucket. 

I Old salver. 

6 Knives and forks. 

I Coffee pot. 

I Tea pot. 

6 Cups and saucers. 

6 Plates. 

3 Table spoons, iron. 
3 Pewter tea spoons. 

Perhaps some other articles too trifling to mention. 

John X Ballard. 
Sworn to and declared on the 26th day of June 1820 before 
the said Court of Augusta County. 

24 virginia historical magazinb. 

Thomas Yorkshire, 

Augusta County Court, July 20, 1831. 

It is ordered to be certified that it appear by satisfactory evi- 
dence to this Court that Thomas Yorkshire, aged about 81 years 
(enHsted to serve three years) on the 19th day of December, 
1776, under Captain John Syms of the loth Virginia Regiment 
and that he served out the three years complete in the United 
States service; that afterwards in the year 1780 he again en- 
listed in the Virginia service under Colonel Sampson Mathews 
in Staunton, to serve during the year, that he was taken a pris- 
oner at Blueford's defeat in the State of North Carolina, pa- 
roled and so remained till the peace succeeding the Revolu- 
tionary War; and that in the year 1792 he again enlisted and 

served three years in Wayne's Army — that about the year 

he placed in the hands of Jacob Kinney, Esq'r (then a delegate 
from this county to the General Assembly of Virginia) his 
military land warrant to obtain a patent, and with it, his dis- 
charge &c, which the said Kinney alleged in his life time were 
all lost, mislaid or destroyed. 

For the Main Anny under Washington 1778-1779. 



D. O. Paramus Saterday Oct'r 9th 1779. 

F. O. Major Stephenson. 

The whole Division to be in Readiness to march tomorrow 
morning by the Left. The Gen'l to beat at 8 o'clock And the 
Assembly at 9 o'clock. 

the Deputy Q'r master Gen'l will Call on Gen'l Woodford this 
Evening for instruction Major Cabell will furnish Cap't Booker 


with the Non Comissioned officers & privates wanting to Cora- 
pleat the Light Infantry & Col'o Phebecca's Return. 
For police Captain Jones 

For picket i 

in G'd s I I 

Q'r G'd I 

D. O. Kakiate, Sunday Octr loth, 1779. 

The quarter master is to order all the waggons able to bring 
Forage to parade tomorrow morning at 6 Oclock at Smiths 

A Detachment of a 150 men properly Officered are to parade 
at the Same time with the Waggons. Another party of 150 
men properly Officered is to be Ready to march at 8 oclock. 

The Commanding officers of Each of these Detachm'ts Will 
Call on General Woodford for Instructions This Evening or 
Early in the morning. 

No musket to be Discharged in the neighbourhood of Camp 
upon any pretence whatever without the particular permission 
of the Brigadier or Officer Commanding the Brigade not Only 
the Officers Comm'dg Guards but every other officer is Re- 
quested to bring Delinquents to punishm't for this unsoldier- 
like practice. 

Straggleing & Distruction of the farmers property is also 
Strictly forbid as we are now in a Possition much more Liable 
to be Visited by the Enimy, than any we have been in this Cam- 
paign. The Greatest Vigilents in the Officers Commanding 
Guards as well as Strictness in the field Officers of the Day is in- 
dispensiably necessary. Gen'l also hopes that the Officers will 
see the necessity of the Strictness of Diciplain in Every par- 
ticular Instants. 

For the late in tlie Season the present prospect of aflFairs 
promises the most active part of the Campaign. 

For Detachm't Majors Clark & mitchel. 


D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r 12th, '79. 

F. O. Col'o Gist. 

The Forage masters to be very carefull in Issuing the Forage 
and see that no person Draws who is not Entitled to it by Gen'l 
Orders & Regulations of Congress 

The Waggon masters to pay particular attention to the man- 
ner of their waggoners feeding their Horses and see that no 
waist is Committed 

The Gen'l Order of the 8th Instant Respecting the Exercise 
of the Troops to take place immediately. 

two fatigue Parties Consisting of a Sub Serg't & 20 men 
Each to parade tomorrow morning at 6 oclock with proper 
Tools (for which they will apply to the Q'r M.) The Officers 
Commanding these parties will take their Order from Major 

D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r 13th, '79. 
F. O. Col'o Gibson. 

The Subs picquet upon the Road Laid'g to Generals Wains 
Camp to be taken off and the officer with one half the men to 
Go as a patroll to Slaughters landing to Remain there untill 
the morning when they are to Return and the Officer to make 
his Report to Gen'l Woodford the like patroll to be sent off 
Every morning while we Remain at this place Major Cabell will 
Give the officer his instructions 
For police Cap't Tabb 

S C P 

For piquet i 

For in G'd i 

For Q'r G'd i 

D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r 14th, '79. 
F. O. Colo Brent 
For Police Cap't Mceleney. 
For the day Adj't Bound. 


Head Q'rs, West point, Octr 8, '79. 

The Honourable they Congress on the 28th Septem'r was 
pleased to pass the following Resolve — and his Excellency the 
president adds that the Important business in which Congress 
have been Engaged — has prevented an Earlier attention to the 
Brilliant action at Powlis hook/ 

Resolved that the Thanks of Congress be Given to Major 
Gen'l Lord Sterling for the Juditious Measures taken by him 
to forward the Enterprise and Secure the Retreat of the party. 

Resolved that the thanks of Congress be Given to Major Lee' 
for the Remarkable prudence address and bravery Displayed 
by him in the Action & that they approve the Humanity shown 
by him in Circumstances prompting to Severity as Honorable 
to the Arms of the United States and Corrospondant to the 
Noble principals on which the were assumed. 

Resolved that Congress Entertain the higher Sense of the 
Diciplin and fortitude manifested by the Officers and Soldiers 
under the Comm'd of Major Lee in the march Action & Retreat 
and while with Singular Satisfaction, the acknowledge the 
Merit of these Gentlemen. 

They feel and additional pleasure by Considering them as 
part of an army, in which very many brave officers and Soldiers 
have proved by their Chearfull performance of Every Duty 
under Every Difficulty that they ardently wish to Give The 
Truly Glorious Example they now Receive. 

Resolved that Congress Justly Esteem the Milatarry Caution 
So happyly Combine with Daring Activity By Lieu't McCollas- 
ter & Rodolp' in Laiding on the forlone hope — Resolved that 
a medal of Gold Emblematical of this affair be Struck under 

>On July 19, 1779, an American force under Major Henry Lee ("Light 
Horse Harry") captured Paulus Hook, a British fortified post on the 
present site of Jersey City, and captured 159 prisoners. 

* Henry Lee of Westmoreland county, Va., (1765-1818), captain, maj'jr 
and lieutenant-colonel in the Revolution; Governor of Virginia, &c., 
and father of Robert E. Lee. He received from Congress a gold medal 
for the capture of Paulus Hook. 

'Lieutenant Archibald McCallister of the 1st Maryland regiment, and 
Lieutenant Michael Rudulph of Lee's Light Dragoons. 


the Direction of the board of Treasury and presented to major 

Resolved that Brevets and the pay & Subsistance of Captain 
be Given to Lieu'ts McCollister & Rodolph Respectively. 

Resolved that the Sum of 15000 Dollars be put into the 
hands of Major Lee to be by him Distributed amongst the Non- 
commissioned Officers & Soldiers of the Detachment he Com- 
manded at the attack & Surprise of Powlis hook in Such man- 
ner as the Commander-in-Chief shall Direct. 

Resolved That the pay and Subsistance of Cap't be Allowed 
to Lieu'ts Gibbens and Knox* the Officers who Laid on the 
forlorn hope in the Late attack at Stoney point and also to M'r 
Archer the bearer of the Gen'ls Letter Volunteer Aid, to Com- 
mence from the Date of their Respective Brevets Voted by Con- 
gress the 26th of July last. 

G. O. Head Quarters, Oct'r 9th, '79. 

The Gen'l flatters himself that every Officer from a Con- 
ciousness of its being his Duty and a Laudiable desire of being 
well acquainted with the new System of Regulations, has paid 
all that Care and attention to the Study of them which import- 
ance of the Case Requires, but Least there should be any, who 
by Absence or other Causes have not had Apertunity of per- 
fecting themselves therein. He earnestly Recommends the 
Closest application, they will not only Consider the Awkward- 
ness of a Situation which betrays Ignorance of essential Duty — 
but the fatal Consequences which may Result from it in a 
Critical Moment. 

The Inspector Gen'l and his assistants will have it in charge 
shortly to go into a full Examination of an enquiry into these 

* Lieutenant James Gibbons, 6th Pennsylvania regiment; afterwards, 
as Major James Gibbons, long a resident of Richmond, Va.. where he 
died July i, 1835. Lieutenant George Knox was of the 2d Pennsylvania. 


D. O. Kakiate Tuesday Oct'r 12th 1779. 

Field Officer Major Meriwether. 

For police Cap't Moody. 

For the day Adj't Meriwether. 

Head Quarters, Oct'r 5th, '79. 

The Commander in chief Requests that Commanding Officers 
of Corps will immediately Call upon their Respective Officers 
who are absent from Camp and not Employed upon Special 
Commands or who have not Obtained present furliughs, on the 
point most primaraty time to Join their Corps without a mo- 
ments Delay, a Period may arrive in this Campaign and per- 
haps is very near at hand when the Absence of Officers unless 
the have powerfull Reasons for it may fix Endialiable Stigmay 
upon them this Consideration if motives of publick Duty are 
not Sufficient of themselves ought to bring Every one under 
the above Discription to their Respective Com'ds. 

Head Q'rs Morris hous Oct'r 8th, '79. 

tomorrow the Troops will begin to Exercise in the following 

2 Regm'ts by brigades will Exercise from 9 to 1 1 oclock in 
the morning And from 3 untill half past 4 in the afternoon for 
this purpose for the Duty is to be Don Regimentally as far as 

Each Regm't will form a Battallion as Compleat as possible 
absolutely not under the number of them first in the ordinance 
Each Col'o will Comm'd the battallion and will perform the 
following Exercise 

1st the Manuel Exercise 

2d To wheel by plattoon to the Right and Left, to march the 
Regm't in the ordanairy Step to form it again in the Same 
place which it has quitted 

3d To advance in battallion in the ordanary Step. 

4th To Retire in Battalion in the Same Step 

5th To fire by plattoons Division & Battalions Standing 

They Inspecters will assist in the Exercise and will see that 
noting is Done Contrary to the principal Establish'd in the 


S C P 

For piquet i 

For in G'd 

For Q'r G „ . . . . 2 

D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r 15th, '79. 

F. O. Lieu't Col'o Ball. 

For Detachment Lieu't Col'o House Major Stephenson. 

Great Compleaints are made of the Soldiers Plundering the 
Inhabitants of Nights. The Officers Commanding picquets are 
to have the Rokds in the Neighbourhood of their Guards Pa- 
trolled and to Confine Any Soldier that may be found Stragling 
after Retreat beat'g and Deliver him prisoner to the Quarter 
Guard of his Regm't. The Commanding officers of Regm'ts 
are also Requested to have their Rolls Called Several times of a 
night and to take Such other Efectual methods as may appear 
to them Necessary to prevent this Shamefull practice. 

The Deputy Quarter master Gen'l has fixed upon a wood Of 
the Left of Gen'l Muhlenbergs Brigade from which the whole 
Troops are to be Supplied and no person is to get wood here- 
after at any other place. 

All the Waggons are to parade tomorrow morning at 6 
Oclock to Go out for Forage 150 Men properly Officered are 
to march with the Waggons. Another party of 150 men are to 
march at 8 oclock to Cover the Foragers. 

The Officers Commanding each of these parties are to take 
their Orders from Gen'l Muhlenberg. 

Colo Washington" is to send a Detachm't of Horse properly 
Officered to patroll in front of the Foraging party. 

The Quarter masters are to Give the necessary Orders to 
the Forage and waggon masters to attend to the Loading their 
waggons and when the Forage comes in, is to order proportion 
of it to the Cavalry. 

For police Cap't Armstead. 

For the Day Adj't Linton. 

* Lieutenant-colonel William A. Washington, 3d Dragoons, a native 
of Virginia, but afterwards well known as General Washington of South 
Carolina, where he died March 6, 1810. 


For piquet 

For in G'd 

For Com'd 

For Q'r G'd 

For weeks Com'd. 

S C P 


G. O. Head Quarters, West point Oct'r 13th, '79. 

As many Soldiers who have Lately Joined the Army have 
not been Sufficiently Taught the first principals of the Exercise, 
The Troops will in Every Exercise in Detail, And the Officers 
must take perticular Care in Instructing their Men the Exercise 
by Battallions to Continue Every morning as before. 

Such Officers as are not with Espontoon are to Apply imme- 
diately Through their Brigade Q'r M. to the Q'r M. G'l for a 

D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r T6th, '79. 
F. O. Lieu't Col'o House. 

For Police Captain . 

For the day Adj't Mere wether. 

S C P 

For Piquet i . . i 

For in G'd i 

Q'r G'd I 

D. A. O. Kakiate Oct'r i6th, '79. 
An additional picquet of i Sub i Serj't and 18 privates to 
mount at the Cross Roads upon our Right Where Lieu't Porter- 
field will Coduct them — 

The present picquet on the Paramus Road is to be moved, 
So as to be half way between the Meeting House and the Cross 
Roads. The Q. M. is to See that Every horse belonging to 
the Division is Immediately Removed to paster in our Rear — 
And that it may not be again Necessary to Repeat this order. 
The Cavelry is also to Remove from the front and take quar- 
ters in the Rear agreeable to former Orders. This is not to be 
Etelayed Longer than tomorrow morning. 

For piquet i Private. 


D. O. Kakiate, Sunday, Oct'r 17th, '79. 

F. O. Lieu't Col'o Allison. 

This being the Anniversary of the Convention of Saratogue 
it is to be Selebrated by the discharge of 13 pieces of Cannon to 
begin on the Right of the Division at 5 Oclock This Evening 
and to pass on to the Left. — Captains Baytop & Shingleton will 
furnish themselves with the Number of Cartridges necessary. 
The Troops are to parade in front of their Encampm't previous 
to the fireing And when it is over to Give three Cheers. 

The Gen'l is very Sorry it is not in his power to Order Some- 
thing for the men to Drink upon this occasion But it Shall be 
made up when any Liquor Arrives. 

The Field Ofiftcer of the day will make the picquet acquainted 
with this Order that they may not be Alarmed. 

For police Cap't C. Ewell 

For the Day Adj't Cary 

(To be Continued.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 33 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald and De 
Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


The Virginia Governor and Council to Lord 

Arlington, 1666. 


[Colonial Papers, Vol. 20— No. 117] 

My Lord 

Your most obliging Letter of the 23d of ffebmrary I 
Receaved not till the 11th of July instant wherein two things 
yo' Lords* ''P perticular recommended to my Care the for- 
tefieing the Country and the promoteing of the usefull Com- 
odities of silke hempp and Flax with the assureance of his 
Ma*'«* most gracious assistance in the later. Now my Lord 
for the first concerning the fortefieing the Country wee resolved 
on it long before to our utmost possibilety and had designed 
A Fort at James Towne in the Center and Hart of the Coimtrey 
which would have been defended easily and alternatively by 
all the Inhabitants But my Lord when our monies and worke- 
men were ready for this most excellent worke the few great 
gunns which are but fourteene brought up at great Charges to the 
place wee know not by what misinformaton wee were Com- 
manded to build this Fort in the Extreameties of the Province 
in A place useless as to any Certaintie of defence and insup- 
porteable in the Charges of it But the Command was soe 
possetive wee durst not disobey it esi^ecially hopeing and 
beleeveing that his Ma"** just Armes had beene soe suo- 
cessfull against his unjust Enemies that wee should have 


aoe great necessitie of more Forts then what wee built 
on his Ma*'*' Command till wee had been able to in- 
forme his Ma*'« of the true State of the Coimtrey But 
now my Lord wee finde that all the Forts that wee can build 
though never soe strong will not absolutely answer what they 
are designed for the Entrance into the Province is soe large 
that any Enemy[s] Shipp may ride out of all possible dainger 
of the greatest Cannon in the world and shipps may be taken 
goeing out or comeing in without all possible assistance from 
us of this my Lord wee had a sad instance not two dales before 
I receaved your Lords' **?• Letter For a small shipp of Fo'y that 
could not gett out with the first Fleet which went out thirty 
fower together I stayed till I had intelligence of two Friggets in 
New England and then takeing his bond of a thousand' pounds 
to goe home under their Protection I gave him leave to repaire 
to them But within the Bay, lay A Caper with English Col- 
ours who unsuspected tooke the shipp though the men which 
were ten all escaped. 

This makes me on my knees humbly to implore his Ma*'" 
that when the next Fleet comes a Frigget may come 
along with them to guard those that the wundes and stormes 
seperate when they approach the harbour and wee doubt not 
but the Marchants will joyne with us in this Petition and 
Contribute something to the Charge of it It being soe 
necessary for King and People. 

For the second my Lord wee were also so intent upon silke 
Flax and hemp that into the two first wee have made con- 
siderable Progresses and as in duty wee thought wee were 
bound to offer the first fruites of A new Rich commodity to 
his Ma*'^ on the Publique Charges though wee were never 
more unable (from divers causes) then now Wee have pre- 
pared A present of three hundred Pounds of silke to be sent 
to his Ma*** which is now ready but wee dare not send it till 
wee heare farther what the Capers are and their number [and 
that wee might be more intent on these comodities soe Hon ^'^ 
and usefull for King and subject wee have made and 
Decreed A yeare of Cessation from planting Tobacco But 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 35 

my Lord that wee may not arrogate imtruely to much to 
oiirselves in this particular Wee will Confesse this truth that 
an absolute necessitie puts us upon this Provident wisdome 
and the quantities of our tobaccoes soe great and the price of 
it soe small that wee were not able to live by it For the Mer- 
chants knowing both our necessities and the imconsumeable 
quantities of tobacco wee had by us gave us not the twentieth 
part of what they sold it For in England, and we can truly 
avow that wee have now made and groweing more 
then in humane probability will be carried home in three 
yeares ensueing This I say with our desires to make ourselves 
esteemed for being the Authors of richer and more warrantable 
Comodities, endured and enforced us to make a Cessation 
for the Preservation of the People which otherwise are in great 
Dainger and wee Doe most humbly beseech your Lords '•'p that 
wee on the Place swome to promote the service of his Ma*'* 
may be beleeved before any private interest who understand 
us not and that this is the sence of the Countrey these Gen* 
that now assist me in the greatest affaires of his Ma*' • I have 
desired to attest this and to subscribe themselves as I Doe 

Your Lords'i'P'. 
Virginia, IS*** July 1666, Most Himible and obedient serv'" 
[signed] William Berkeley 

Tho : Ludwell 
Robt Smith 
Rr: Bennett 
Thomas Stegge 
Henry Corbyn 
[To] my L''^ Arlingtom 

13 July 1666. R. "Feb. 


S' W. Berkley & Councell That they designed a Fort 
at James Towne in the Centre of the Countrybut were comanded 
to erect one in y"" extremitie of it, where y ® greatest cannon in 


y* world cannot defend our ships. That y • merch*' there will 
contribute to y • charge of a Frigat to guard them if his Ma*' 
will be pleased to send one. Have a Present for his Ma*' of 
300 pounds of silke, but dare not send it yet in regard of Capers 
Have made good Progresse alsoe in Hempe & Flaxe. Have 
decreed a Cessation of planting Tobacco for one yeare; y* 
merchts*" giveing not the 20*^ part of w* they sold it for in 
England; haveing now a crop y* wiU not be carried away in 
3 years to come. 



Right Honorable 

Being in obedience to your Lordships Comands to 
give you a description of the Govemm* of this place & humbly 
supposing your Lordship expects a relacion of y" p'"sent & not a 
full discourse of y" whole Govemm* from y' first planting of 
this Colony, which would bee very hard to doe by reason of y* 
negligence of former times in transmitting anything of that 
nature to their successor I have thought it necessary for y* 
better performance of your Hono" Comands & Complyance 
with that truth on which my following discourse must bee grown- 
ded to give your Lordship a short Character of y* Govemo'' of 
this Colony before I entd upon y* discription of his Govem- 
m* I know it to bee superflous to say anything of his person 
greate parts, or quallitie because your Lord'^ knowes & can 
better judge of them then myselfe, I shall therefore w*'* your 
Lordships favor only spealve of him as Goveno'' of Virginia, 
& very hartely beg his pardon for y* Injury I doe his repu- 
tation & merritts, Whilest my inabillity to prsent them in their 
full Lusture may encline those who know neither him nor mee 
to believe their defects to bee really in themselves, & not in 
him who reports them & under y« securitie of this Apology to 
your Lordship & him I shall bee bould to say that hee is a 
Person pious & exemplarily sober in his Conversation, prudent 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 37 

& Just in peace dilligent & valliant in Warr I shall strengthen 
three assertions only with three argum*' & for y • first shall only 
say that mine owne long experience, & y" stiifrages of the 
whole Coiintry can sufficiently prove y" excellency of his 
Conversation, nor doe I think there can be a more convin- 
cing evidence of his Prudence, and Justice Then that in six 
years after hee was forced to resigne this Country to y * Genner- 
all unhappy fate of our Nation (a Time when y» Enemies of 
his Loyalty & Virtue would have loaden him with reproaches 
especially had they had Justice on their side) there was not 
one man that either publiquely or privately charged him with 
Injustice, or any other fault comitted in eight years Govemm* 
& for his dilligence and Vallour y ' frequent and greate hazards 
hee exposed his person to in y» conquest of Opechankevough, 
& all his Indians (whereby hee first secured this Country from 
those fears that had possessed them from their first seating & 
rendred the Indians soe subjected to this Govemm* that I may 
confidently affirme y® Like Conquest hath bin made by noe 
other English Govemm* in y* West Indies would have pro- 
claimed his Millitary virtues, & have given him a very greate 
reputation for that Service had it not hapned in an Unfortimate 
time when the whole English Nation was involved in a Civill 
War, and consequently had all their Reflections divirted from 
what hee did here to what most and more nerely concerned 
them there — ^And now my most honored Lord haveing given 
you this short Character of our Govemo' I shall proceed to as 
short a discription of his Govemment (which I soe tearme be- 
cause heeis y* sole author of the most substantial parts of it 
either for Lawes, or other Inferiour institutions) Which as 
subordinate to that of England is devided into Ecclesiasticall 
Civill & Millitary, for y" Ecclesiasticall parte of it (being yett 
imfitt for a Bishop to reside here by reason of the fewness of 
our Ntunbers & other Inconveniences) Wee are subjected to 
the Sea of London, & have noe superiour Clergie amongst- 
But when it pleaseth God to send us any Ministers some par, 
rish or other p'sents them, & the Govemo' Inducts them But 
with this Pious as well as prudent care that none bee admitted 


to the exercise of their functions who are not in Ord" and very- 
Orthodox in their profession of which excellent sorte of men 
wee have at p' sent very few amongst us, & I could hartely 
wish that my Lord of London, and other greate Cleargymen 
would take us a little more into their care for our Better supply 
since y* utmost of our Encouragem** will invite none to us 
though wee have very few parishes give less then One himdred 
pounds p Annimi and many give more Which is Levied by y* 
respective Vestries, out of which they yearly choose church- 
wardens as in England. And now my most Honored Lord 
having said thus much of our church government, I beseech 
you give mee Leave to p'"sent you w*** as true a narrative of 
y' Civill parte of this Govemm* without any animadversions 
upon it which to doe in the better Ord'^ I must informe your 
Hono"" that this Colony is divided at p''sent into nineteen Coim- 
ties, & those subdivided into parrishes only & not into hundreds, 
or tythings which is only necessary in more populous Countryes 
Every of which Coimties is left to the Care and Charge ' of 
Eight, or Term Justices of the peace Whereof three or foure are 
of y • Quorum out of which Number of Justices there is yearly 
chosen a Sheriff who is Confirmed by y ' Govemo"' & upon suffi- 
cient Securitie given to y ° rest of the said Justices is entrusted 
with y " Collection & payment of all Publiqu^ Leavies, Quit- 
rents, secretaryes & Clerkes fees, and hath Tenn p cent allowed 
him for Sallery for y* rest of his Authority it is as in England 
only hee keeps noe Court, and y* severall parrishes of Each 
County are armed with the authoritie of a Cunstable chosen 
from amongst y* honestest household^ & the said Whole num- 
ber of Justices, or any foure of them whereof one to bee of the 
Quorum are by Commission from the Gouvemo'' made and Con- 
stituted a Court of Judicature for the Tryall of all Causes with- 
in their respective Counties, except such as question Life, or 
Member, & every particular Justice hath power to try and 
determine any Cause to the vallue of Twenty shillings, or 
Two hundred Pounds of Tobacco which Power was soe granted 
to prevent f rivelous & unnecessary suites in y ° County Courts 
which are held every second month; & once at least in Every 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 39 

year there is a Court of Enquiry w*^ wee call an Orphans Court 
held before y* said Justices of the respective Countyes where 
all Guardians are required to appeare, and bring their Orphans 
to bee examined wether they are well used and to give an *ac- 
compt to the said Justices of y» well, or ill Management of 
such Orphans Estats as are committed to their trust, & these 
severall Courts are soe appoynted in the respective Counties 
as any person who may have business in many of them may 
easely attend y* same because they are held neither on y* 
same day, nor in y" same month at several! places from y" 
Judgm'' of w*'' Courts y* parties agreeved may appeale to the 
Gennerall Court held at James Citty on September, November, 
and March every yeare before y* Gov and Councell which 
' Court is of a mixed constitution for all Causes of what nature 
or vallue soever they bee above Tenn Pounds sterling, or 
fifteen hundred Pounds of Tobacco are tryed there either in 
Common Law, Chancery, or Crimiuall as Treasons, Murthers 
Felonyes, etc. if any Quakers, or other secteryes, or Noncon- 
formists act anything in poynt of Religion contrary to the 
Statutes of England, or the Lawes of this Country they are 
tryed in that Court, y'' Power of Peace & Warr is seated in the 
same. The Govemo'' and any three of the sixteen Councello'* 
now residing here make a Court, Wherein as greate Care is 
taken to malve the Lawes and pleadings upon them Easy & 
obvious to every mans und'standing as in other parts.they doe 
to keep them a mistery to the People for noe advantage is 
allowed to either party from little Errors in Declarations or 
Pleas etc-but both are keept within the just L>-mmitts of ye 
merritts of their Cause and Judgm'^ pass secundum alegata et 
probata & References are rarely obteyned but upon very just 
grounds as either sickness of the party desiring it, or of y* 
Witnesses, or papers in England etc. from which wee draw 
these two greate advantages, y' avoiding trouble to y" Court, 
and the speedy* dispensation of Justice to those who seeke it 
from y* Judgm'' of which Court any person (upon securitie 



given to prosecute it) may appele to the Assembly which 
consists of the Governor, Councell & Two Burgesses chosen 
upon (y* Governors Writt) by y' freeholders of every 
County, and one for James Citty which assembly is convened 
once in Every year (and upon Emergent occasions oftener) 
a matter (though Chargeable) yett most necessary for the 
spedier prevention of such Inconveniences, or Confirmation 
of such good Institutions as may be most likely to obstruct, or 
advance y * prosperity of New settled Govemmen*" there our 
Lawes are enacted (all or most of which I hope your Lord- 
ship hath seen) there are Leavies laid upon the People & pro- 
portioned to the publiq * necessity, and since all fines imposed 
upon offend''' are here (if not upon submission released) 
leavied to the use of the Publiq^ (though to the use of the 
Respective Govemo" till S"" W" Berkeleyes time, who first 
released them that hee might keep his Reputation cleere from 
all hazards of Calumny) It is by y^ Assembly orderd what they 
shall bee imployed on, in fine it is by this Excellent temper that 
a Right understanding is keept between Govemo'' and people 
and that y* strings of Government are always kept in tune. 
And now my ever hono'^ Lord haveing said this much of y° 
two first parts of this Govemm* I shall proceed to the last 
which is y° millitary parte of it, and informe your Lordship 
that as y ' Country is devided into nineteene Counties, soe 
it is into foure Provinces; The first whereof which containes y^ 
next adjacent Coimties to the Gov' is under his owne imme- 
diate Conduct, y ^ other three being more remote are committed 
to y ° Care of three Major Genneralls (one of whom Maj'' Genn'U 
Richard Bennett I beleeve to bee of your Lordships family 
both by his Name & armes) Every Maj' Genn'll hath two 
Adjutants, and every coimty within y* said Provinces hath a 
Regim* of ffoot imder y' Command of a Collonell (who for y» 
most parte is one of y ° Councell) & other inf eriour Officers & 
in many of them a Troop of Horse undbr y *• comand of a Cap- 
taine, & other inferioiir Officers which horse when drawne 
together have an officer appojmted over them — Besides there 
is a Captaine of y° fort by Commission from y* King, and a 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 41 

Captaine of y" Guard by Commission from y« Govemo'' as 
all y * other GflEicers are as from their Genn'U y ' Millitia of the 
Coimtry being thus disposed of greate care is taken that y* 
respective ofiScers doe traine them, and see their armes well fixed. 
And truly my Lord I beleive all to bee in soe good Ord'' as an 
Enimy would gaine little advantage by attempting any- 
thing upon them,. I haveing now done w*^ y« last parte of this 
Govemm*, I shall beg your Lordships patience whilst I write 
a Word or two of y • articles betweene us and the Indians who 
now-hold noe land but what wee grant them, and if they com- 
mitt any Offence against an Englishman, or hee against them 
It is tryable in our Courts, or before some of our Magistrates 
but for any Difference amongst themselves it is still left to the 
Discision of their owne Customes. I shall conclude with a 
list of the principall Officers of State in this Govemm* w"** are 
the Governor of whose revenue (being one Thousa«d Poimds 
p Annu) I shall with your Lordships pardon say that though in 
the Infancy of this Colony it might justily bee thought enough 
yett now it is not onely Less then any other Govemo'' in the 
West Indies receives but is foo little for y • Necessary Supporte 
of that State y« Gov' of this his Ma"** antientest Colony 
must keep, nor could our Govemo'' comporte v^dth y* Grandeur 
of his authority nor comply w*'' his greate expences in setting 
jp Manufactures, and other excellent designesfor y* good and 
Example of this Country, did not his necessities make liim 
admirably Industriotis on his farme for ye improvement of his 
Revenue, wliich unavoideably diverts much of that Care hee 
otherwise would wholy imploy for y" Publiq* utilHty of this 
Colony. The next Officers are y' Councell Treasu'' Secretary, 
Cap* of y* ffort Auditor Gennerall, and Surveyor Genn'U be- 
fore y first of the Two Last all y Collect© " of y" Two Shill- 
ings p hogshead of Tobacco, & all Sherriffs, or other receivers 
of Publiq* Leavies appeare at James Citty twice in every 
yeare, and perfect their accounts with him & take out their 
discharge from him as out of the Exchequer in England and 
before y* Surveyor Genn'll once a year appeare all Inferiour 
Surveyo" (who are commissionated by him) with a booke of 


all y • Surveyors of Land by them made to bee examined wether 
they have done right between y" King & his subjects of this 
Colony who by an antient Indvilgence of y* crowne have a 
Right to fifty acres of Land for every p'son they transport 
into this country w*** transportacon being proved in any Court 
of Record y" Gierke gives y' p ty claiming a certificate upon 
w*'' y" surveyor measures him y» Land, and gives him a survey 
und'' his hand which with y * certificate being entred in y « Sec- 
retarys Office a pattent issues out for y* same signed by y* 
Gov'' & Sealed vi^^^y" Scale of y° Colony, The Land to be held 
of the King in Common Soccage at y « yearly rent of one shill- 
ing for Every fifty acres, & to be seated in three years after 
y" date of the pattent, or y» Land to bee Lost. My most 
Hone* Lord I have now noe more to say but to beseech your 
hono' that if you shall judge mee to have said too much to 
Consider that the Nature of the subject would have admitted 
much more, & if your Lordship shall blame mee for being too 
short that you may forgive mee too, since I am affraid your 
other greate Imploym*" will not permitt you to peruse what I 
have already said, & shall therefore add noe more but my 
Peticon for your Lordships pardon for my imperfections, and 
may God for Ever bless you with all the blessings of Heaven 
and Earth, & bless mee also w*"* a Continuacon of ^'^our favors 

My most honored Lord 

You' Lordships most himible and HaythfuU 
[signed] Tho : Ludwell. 
Virg' 17* »> 1666. 

Virginia 17*^, Sep* '66 

M' Ludwell, Secr'y gives a large yet modest character 
of the Govemo' & Govemem*. 

VIRGINIA IN 1666-1667. 43 

GovENOR Berkeley to Lord Arlington, 1637. 

[Colonial Papers. Vol. 21, No. 55.] 

My Lord 

I have given your Lordship frequent accotints of the 
publique businesse of this Countrye But now must beg leave 
to write to my Lord Arlington not as Secretary of State but 
as to a noble person who I know as* seen in me an infinite re- 
spect of his parts and Vertues this inclination of mine my lord 
has been mightily increass'd by the frequent letters I have 
had from my deare brother Acknowledging the favors and 
kindnesses our family has receaved from you and did comand 
me that I should addresse myselfe to your lordship when I 
dard to hope for a marque of the Kings favour What shal I say 
my Lord age and misfortunes has wilted my desires as wel as 
hopes and the truth is I cannot in this time of my very old age 
so wish myselfe happy but that I presently repent of my de- 
sires to be so the way I proposd: when the time was that I 
could have taken any—, gust in the favours of princes I wanted 
the helpe of a frendly Angel to put me into the Poole when the 
waters were made seasonable for hopes and powerful to heale 

I have donne the King and his blessed father all faithful 
service in my station but am as farr from pretending merit 
to my King as the most pretending strict presbiterian is from 

Yet though Ambition comonly leaves sober old age 
co[v]etuousness does not I shal therefore desire of your Lord- 
ship [t]o procure of his Matie the customes of two hundred 
Hogshead [o]f tobb. I have now sent home. I have expended 
[mjore on the extraordinary charges of this warr I shal desire 
my brother to soUicite your lordship for this grant who is the 


tIM. S. defective] 


cause of this bold request my lord the great cause of mistakse 
in this World, is that we thinke every one knowes our inclina- 
tions and affections as wel as we doe our selves and that often 
puts us on unmannerly petitions and if this be of that nature 
I shal humbly beg a pardon but never cease to be a thankeful 
acknowledger of the favors you have been pleased to shew 
my dearest Brother 

My lord I am from my hart Your Lordships most humble 
(and pardon) most affectionate Servant 
June 5'^ 1667 

[signed ]Will Berkeley. 


Jime 5, '67 S' W" Berkeley Virginia desires of his Ma*^ ' 
the Customes of 200 Hogsheads of Tobacco. 

5*^ June 1667. 

(To be Continaed.) 




Prom thb Originals in the Library of Congress. 

(Continued from XX, 157) 

•All erasares In the original are hen printed in italics. 

(pencil folio 47] [ink folio 9] 

November 8th Sr Fra : Wyatt Gou''no'' 

Peaceable Sherwood ( ^) aged about 26 yeere sw[orne 

sayeth, that hee knoweth of a trunk that was broken 

but was not privy to the doing of it 

& sayth that hee saw certayne toren paps [papers] swiminj 


the river & that M" Corker sayd they were y artic[les] 

& sa3rth that to his best remembrance the word in the 

first article was (proportionable, not equall[y] 

The 2'* article hee doth acknowledge 

Of the 3 '** He know sayth a booke was to bee ke[pt] 

but he doth not remember that the no act was to be 

entered into or don w*''out y** consent of each other 

If any disagreement were, they should pt & a proppier 

sion be made prop 

There was such bonds sealed & deliuered but what 

is become of them he knoweth not 

iPeaceable Sherwood was living at James City, February 16, 1623; 
but died at "the plantation over the water," before January 23, 1624-5. 


Touching the bond He knoweth not what yeares w[ere 
agreed on for payment, but sajrth he heard Mr. Dr[i 
demand two years And whereas though he is be a witness to 
A bond, he did not reade it ouer. 

[pencil folio 48] [ink folio 10] 

A Court held the 8 of [November] 
1624 being present Sr Frances 
Wyatt knight Gou'nor 

Robert Poole swome and Examined sayeth y* in the Tra[dtng] 
Vioage wherein he was ymployed for Mr Thresurer 
Pynnace called y * Elizabeth, he gave for eve xxx 
Tubb bushell of Come, he bought of y » Indyans, tu xx 
armes length of some beads, and thirteene armes le[ngthl 
of some beades for Another Tubb. 

And further he sayeth y* he did nott put away any o [fMr. } 

Thresurers beads for come for his owne priv xx 

vse no' any other in y« shipp to his knowledg 

but he sayeth y* all y « shipps Company did truck 

and trade for skins, butt where they hadd th 

Truck he knoweth nott. 

further he sayeth y* Capt Croshow gave for A great 
Canoe w"'' he bought 10000 of blew beades, sayings 
y' he would give M' Thresurer satisfaction for the beds 

Also he sayeth y* he paide for matts 20000 of 
blew beads, of wc"" matts there was vsed to seele 
ye shipp 20, and 

further he sayeth that he gave to the great man of potuxsea 
to be their guid to pocotonck 6 or 800 of blue bead 


And saith y* hee did not buy aboue 6 tubbs of Co xxx 
for any Copper 

further he sayeth y* he did see in A Cheast RiC* xxx 
some 201 of powder Knitt vpp in A Lynnen C xxx 
and Certen Shott but how much he knoweth no[t] 

further he sayeth y* he bought 7 great beare skins, 6 xxx 
skins, 2 violdcatt skins, 9 otter skins, 2 yonge beare skin 
skins [ [?] 8 or 29 muske ratts skins, 1 Lyone skin W^ 
Petuxsone gave him, and y* brought home 
noe black fox skin And sayeth y^ Cap* Crosh[ow] 
[torn and faded] of skins as he hadd 

[pencil folio 49] [ink folio 11] 

And further he sayeth y* he bought no e [torn] is 
for redy beades to be deliuered htm ha 

And sayeth y* at pocotanck they staid some 23 or 24 [days] s in 

hope the Indyans would have fumisht them wth Come [b]ut one 


thereof was vnnecessarily spent in seekinge owte of An English - 

man And 
the M' affirmeth ye same also 

John Waltam [^] swome and Examined sayeth ,y* there was 
in ye ship 

one full barrell of powder, anso neere 201 of powder besides 
and sayeth y* Capt Croshow carried ashore owt of the shipp 2 
murtherers and 3 Chambers 

Jeremy Roberts swome and Examined sayeth y* Mr. Gryme did 
send y* dutchmas aboorde and tett away A mdlett of powder 
2 or 3 gallons. And further sayeth y* he tett 200 of da xxx 

2John Walton was living at Elizabeth City, February 16, 1623, and 
was returned as a resident of the same place in the census of January, 
1G24-5. He was then included in the "Muster" of Alexander Mountney, 
was aged 28 and came in the Elizabeth in 1621. 


fishe from M' Chew vppon M' Threasurers Accompt, 

Mr Geyny had for his owne vse, and Allwyn dame 
vppon his oath doth iustifie the same, and alsoe y* M' Genly] 
Tooke Away 2 Copper furnaces 2 bottomes of Coppe[r] 
and 3 Covering of Copper. 

[pencil folio 50] [ink folio 12] 
[Only contains some meaningles figures.] 

[Pages 59 and 60 (numbered 49 and 50) printed Jan. 1912.] 

[Page 61 (ink folio 60, pencil folio 87 blank.)] 


[pencil folio 88] [ink folio 61] 

The Testamony of M" Mary Whittaker ["] taken 
before the Gouemo' the 19*'' of November 1624 

She affirmeth that not longe after Cap* Martin cam 
into James River, he cam vnto the house of Cap* Jabez 
Whittakers and amonge much other Discourse complayned 
y* he had lost his Cropp by Coming in so late, y* said M" 
Whittakers Demanded of him why he would com by Canada 

sCaptain Jabez Whitaker owned land and resided on Southampton 
River, now Hampton Creek. The census of February 1623 shows Cap- 
tain "Isaac" and Mary Whitaker then living at Elizabeth City. 
"Isaac" is evidently a misreading or misprint of "Jabez." Captain 
Jabez Whitaker was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1623 and of 
the Council 1626. He was probably the same person as Rev. Alexander 
Whitaker's brother of the same name. He married Mary, daughter of 
Sir John Bourchier, an uncle of the Regicide (see this Magazine I, 295). 


to w"'' the said Ca Martin replied softlie whispering in her 
eare they both beinge neere together This was the last plotte 
of the Company to take away my poore liefe. 

[ink folio 21] [pencil folio 59] 

[torn] Burrows gent swome and Examined sayeth y* about 
whitson mtmday last m« Thomas Allnut [*] meetinge w*** 
him Told this Exa. y* now he knew who it was that 
should Steele mara Buck [said y* was noe 
noe smale one, but y* it was A great one] And further 
this Exam sayeth y* he beinge very ymporttmate wth 
Mr Allnut to tell him who it was, the said Thomas 
Allnut said it was m' Sandys y* minister, and that 
he had rather m' Richards should have her then he 

Elinor ye maide servant of Thomas Allnut swome and 

examined sayeth, y* shee herd her m' and M'" say y* 

M' Sandys ye minister woulde steal away 

Mara Buck 

stolen [torn] and y* then this Exa: tolde her m' and M" y* 


Dunninge servant to Cap* Mathews, told her that there was 

one of y* side y« water would take away a maide 

from this side, but named neyther of y* pties, where 

vppon her M"" and M" said they could not devise who 

should take her Away, except it should bee M"" 

Sandys y« minister 

Bridgett Burrows y* wife of John Burrows gent swome & 
examined saith y* uppon whitsone Tewsday in y * mominge 
Mrs AUnutt came vnto her and told her y* now she 

■*Thomas Alnutt and wife were living at the Neck of Land, James 
City, in Feb. 1623, and at the census of 1024-5 lived at the same place, 
where they were neighbors of the Burrows family. Thomas Alnutt, 
came in the Gift and his wife in the Marytiold. It would seem that this 
statement of Alnutt's charges against Sandys should precede the order of 
Council (this Magazine XIX, 239) of July 12, 1024, punishing Alnutt for 
this slander. 


knew who it was, and said y* was M' Sand3rs, and 
this Exa: demandinge of Mrs Alkiutt how she knew 
it, said y* her maides Coimtiyman dwellinge one 
the other side y ' water, who told her that there 
was A maide of this side y* was to be stolen away 
by one from the other side 

[ink 22] [pencil 60] 

asked her anything conceminge [sic] y* matter y» 
Deny it, but y^ anybody shee shovild [torn] 
to any bodye ells, and further this Exa say 
this tyme M' Allnut moved the match 
very Convenient and fitt for him 

John Jacksone swome and examed sayeth y* being [torn] 

his howse, Mr. Burrows, ye p' vost marshall 

beings pnt, vppon some report y* Mara B[uck] 

ge stolen away, M' Burrows said y* he had rathe[r M' 

Richards should have her then a stranger, or any other [he] 

did nott know, and therefore wished Mr Richards 

yf hee coiild love her, and shee him to make 

yf he could gett her goodwill to p'vent other 

Mr. Burrows wisht it might be Devuldge abro[ad] 

prevent any such intent in others, foorther this xxx 

sayeth y* M" Btirrowes prayed her husband to nott 

trouble himself for she would look to her so [not ?] being 

stolne and beare y* blame yf shee were stolne, this 

Exa: fourther sayeth y* walkinge in the Hands w*'* M' 


asked him whether he had any such intent to mary 

Mara Buck, w«^ M' Richards vtterly denied 

Thomas Allnut swome and Examined, sayeth y' vppon whit 
Monday at night, M' Burrows vppon the reporte of M[ara] 
Buck her stealinge away, said vnto this Exa : y* hee [would] 


rather M' Richards should have her then one he [knew] 
not and asked this Exa: yf hee were nott of the s[ame} 
minde, to w"*' he answered yes, and foorther Mr Burr[ows] 
asked this Exa: wiefe whether shee ware nott of y' sa[mel 
minde to, to whom she answered yes. 

Mrs AUnut ye wiefe of Thomas Allnut swome and examined 


y* Ellynor her maide did tell her, t* her Countrey wo[man] 

dwelleth with Mr Thresurer Capt Mathews did tell her y* 

there was one [of] 

theire plantatione y* intended to steale Awaye a maide 

of this side And ther vppon this Exa- suspected it was 

Mr Sandys y * minister, And accordinglie went to M» bourow 

and Acquainted her y' she thought it was Mr Sandys 

[ink folio 25] [pencil folio 63] 

Whereas Mr Doctor Pott and Capt Hamer were sent 
to search for certen of M' Tutchins papers, Among 
Hamer happened vppon one wrightinge W^ Concerned the 
said Capt Hamer Walter Davis and Edwarde Tutchine, w"** Cap* 
Hamer beinge Gardian to John Dauis brother to y* said 
Walter Davis deceased, tooke owt of the truncke, and p'sent 
heere in Coorte, therby to Chalenge what should be dewe 
from the said Edward Tutchine, And whilst y » matter 
was in Debatinge M' Lamoyne much forgettinge himself spake 
these words) Conceminge y « taking away of the said wrightinge 
that yf him self should haue done as much, perhaps he should 
have kyste the whippinge post, where vppon the Covut hath 
Censured y * said Lamoyne to aske Cap* Hamer in open Court 
forgiveness and to pay twenty pownd str. fyne to y* Courte 

John Swarbrooke O swome and Examined sayeth y* the Cowe 
in controversie between Mr Blany and M' Sharpe 

*No John Swarbrook appears in Hotten. A John Swaxbeck lived at 
Pasbehaighs 1624-5. 


was never vnder his Charge when he kept Capt W" 
Powells Cattle, w«^ was about from about A moneth after y* 
massacre vntill y • Court next followinge 

Christopher Sanford swome and exad sayeth, that y" Cow in 

Controversie as aforesaid was brought hither to this Hand 

after y" massacre w*** Sr George Yardley Cattle, and 

was vnder this Exat Charge about nyne moneths 

and y* when he delivered vpp Sr George Yardleys Cattle 

he left that Cow amongst them, 

Yt is ordered y* M' Blany shall deliu to M' Sharpe the 
Cow and A Calf when proof e is made w"^ is y* Calfe 

Yt is ordered yt Peter Staff erton (') shall paye Capt Peerce 
one hundred and fiftie pownd weight of merchantable 
Tobacco, because he failed him of seaventeen barrells of 
Come sold to him y« said Cap* Peerce for nyntee pownd 
of Tobacco y« barrell, and Doctor Pott Testifieth in Court 

[ink 26] [pencil 64] 

Y* is ordered y* Cap* Nathaniell Basse C) shall have the 
Vse of the lande late belonginge to George Grymes C) 

9"Mr. Stafferton" and wife were living at James City in 1623. 
Peter StaflFerton was a member of the House of Burgesses for Elizabeth 
City in 1639. 

^At the Census of 1624-5 Captain Nathaniel Basse, aged 35, who 
had come in the Futherance in 1622, lived at Basse's Choice in the present 
Isle of Wight County. In 1620 and 1621-22 he, with his associates Sir 
Richard Worsley, Bart., Jolm Hobson, Gent., and Captain Christopher 
Lawne agreed to transport 100 persons to Virginia, and received a confir- 
mation, their old patent to be called "The Isle of Wight's plantation." 
He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Warrosquoiacke March 
1623-4 and October 1629. 

*George Grymes appears in the list, dated Feb. 16, 1623, of those 
dead at the Neck of Land, since April last. As Grymes was living when 
this order was made it seems that the page of the original must be mis- 


at the neck of lande vntill the said Capt Basse 
be satisfied the some of Fyf tie pound weight of tobac[co 
wch the said George Grymes Doth owe him as by two 
bills of Dept 'duced in Courte Appeereth 

Yt is ordered y* M' Horwood shalbe heere at Courte- 
the seavententh of this instant January To bringe 
in his Answere to Capt Hamers demands 

John Southeme swome and Exam' sayeth, th* m' 
Nicholas Hide borrowed of John Elysone (*) thirty 
shillings for one yeere for w"** this Examt standeth 
bonde and suartie for m' Hide 

Yt is ordered y* m' Jonas Stogden shall take the oath 
of WilHam Cooke whether he were acquainted w*"* 
the saile of three servant of W™ Gaimtlets to Cap* 
Tucker, or vppon w* Conditions they were made 
over to Cap* Tucker. 

Yt is ordered that Joseph Johnson shall paye Christopher 
Best C) twenty pounds weight of Tobacco for the Dept 
of Rowland loftis or otherwyde y* he appeare heere 
at the Coimsell Table one mondye next to shew 
Cause to the Contrarye 

Whereas Cap* Bass bought A Sow of Abraham 

Porter (") for forty pounds waight of principall good Tobacco 

M' Humphrey Rastell swome and exam' sayeth that 
Capt Bass did p'mise payment of princypall 
good Tobacco as y * said Abraham required 

•John Ellison who came in the Prosperous and his wife Ellin who 
came in the Charltie were living at Archer's Hope 1624-5. 

'"Christopher Best was living at James City 1623. 

"Abraham Porter, aged 36, is included by Hotten as among the ser- 
vants of Peter Longman at James City in 1624-5. If Hotten is correct, 
this order shows that servants could hold property beyond their neces- 
sary clothes. 


Yt is ordered that Robert Chambley for his Contempt 
in not provinge in A Jury beinge lawfully warned 
by the Provost Marshall shall pay twenty pound 
waight of good merchantable Tobacco 

[ink 70] [pencil 97] 

Whereas John Powell in the behalf e of himself John Woo [xxx] 
Williams brought into this countie, one Covenant made by 
Richarde als Sheparde bearinge date the first of Novembe 
by w"** Covenant they were to pay to Mr Danell Gookin or hi 
A Certen some of Tobacco, as also to deliver divers men & go 
as by the Covenant it doth and may farther Appeere, And for 
as y • said Richarde als Sheparde is departed owt of This Co 
and hath left noe Certen Attorney to receave the said Tobacco 

and goodes, nor other order as yett Taken by Mr Gookin, Th 
Gou'emor and Coxmsell takinge into Theire Consideracon y* the 

Mr Gookine may not be dampnified by the nechgenc of his 

have appoynted Cap* W™ Tucker, to take and receave into his 
Custody and Care, not only the Tobacco and Come dew by th 
Covenant w**' Charge to see y* Tobacco be of the best y* grew 
that Cropp, and that non of the said Cropp be otherwise disp 
of till the said Choyse be made, But also the Plantacione 
servant Cattell and other goods thervnto beloanginge And 
in the said Covenant specyfied, And y* the said Cap* Tucker 
vppon the receipte of the before expressesd p'mises do putt 
in bound w*'' Sufficyent suerties to y* Gouemor and Cotmsell 
to be at all tymes Answerable to the said Daniell Gookine 
or his Assignes Conceminge the premises, at or before y* 

daye of January now next ensuinge. 


Richard Smith servant to Mr. Robert Addams C^) swome and 


sayeth y* to his knowledge his m' did never gather any of m' 

Horwoods Come, nor that his said Mr did euer bid him 

to gather any of Mr. Horwoods Come. 

Robert Addams swome and Examined sayeth y* James Davis 
made A Bargaine w*** M' Emersone (*'), That in regarde 
m'. Emersone was to free y " said James Davis of his 
service, he was to give the said Mr. Emersone 
one servant boy and a Cowe. 

[pencil 981 [ink 71] 

Whereas Anna Cooper Complayned in Coorte by [torn] tion 
yt her late husband James Harisone C*) ^'^ lend a shallopp 
to Liv* George Harisone late deceased, w*'' boate the 
saide Anna Cooper often demanded of the said Li-vt 
Harysone, but could never gett the same or Satisfacto" for it 

i2Robert Addams who came in the Bona Nova, was living at Martins 
Hundred in Feb. 1624, Mr. William Harwood (or Horwood) also lived at 
Martin's Hundred in 1624 and had six servants. He was appointed to 
the Council in 1620 and in the next year Commander of Martin's Hun- 

i3ln 1624-5 John Davies, who came in the George in 1617 and William 
Emerson, "his p'tner," who came Ln the Sampson in 1618, were living at 
Jordan's Journey. 

'••In Feb. 1624 Ellis Emerson, Ann his wife and Thomas his son, 
aged 11, all of whom came in the George in 1623, were living at Martin's 
Brandon. Alice and Robert Emerson, children of "Mr. Emerson," had 
died in 1623. 

'"No details regarding Ensign James Harrison appear in the old 
records. Lieutenant George Harrison was brother of Sir John Harrison 
of London; was granted a tract of land near Chippoaks Creek on the 
south side of James River March 6, 1620-21, fought what was probably 
the first duel in Virginia in the Spring of 1624, and died shortly after- 
wards. See Brown's Genesis, 11. 913. 


Uppon the Testimony of Capt Hamer, that Ensigne Harisone 

did lend the said shallopp to Liv* George Harisone 

And vppon the Testimony of Cap* Tucker, y* he demanded 

the saide shallop of Liv* Harisone in the Right of 

the saide Aima Cooper. 

It is in Courte ordered that George Menefrey 

Administrator for y * saide Liv* George Harisone 

shall presently paye to the saide Anna Cooper in 

Satisfaction for the said shallop some of 

one himdred pound weight of marchantable Tobacco 

Cap* Raphe Hamer Coimsellor of State swome & examined 
sayeth, that beinge in Conference w*'' Cap* Martyn about 
the Gouemor, Cap* Martyn said to this Examinat, that 
yf the Gouemor when the date of his three years was 
ower, would goveme for the kinge, he would rather he 
were Governor than any man else, But yf he governed 
for the Company, he would nott allow him to be Governor 
Then this Exa' made answer, that hee thought ye Go'uno' 
all way se governed for the Kinge, for in all things he governed 
Accordinge to the ICings lawes. 

Cap* Roger Smith Counsellor of State swome and Examined 
sayeth, y* Cap* Martyn being at supper with this deponents 
sister and himself, Falinge in talke about Virginia, he 
showed some Virginia dyamonds w*'^ some other thing amongst 
the rest there was A peece of Cristall, and beinge demanded 
from whence he had it. Cap* Martyn saide ther was A 
rock of Christall fownd in Virginia, And this Examinat 
said y* in his tyme beinge in Virginia he never knew 
of Any, Then Cap* Martyn said y* when he cam to 
Virginia y* this deponent should see him have A chrisoll 
mantle Tree 

[pages 69 to 72 printed (misnumbered 47 to 50) in 
January, 1912.] 


[pencil 75] [ink 37] 

A Courte held the laste daye of November, 1624 
Present Sr Francis Wyatt Knight &c Cap* Francis 
West Sr George Yardley M. Threasurer, Doctor 
Pott, Cap* Smith, Cap* Hamer. 

Hughe Hayward C^) and Robert Fitt swome and examined 

say, that 

they were p'sent when Thomas Harralde made his will and that 

they both were wittnesses to the same, and y* this will brought 

into the Courte by M"" RichardeKingsmell is the same will 

and that he was in p'fect memory when he made the same, and 

lived about a month after, but made no later will that they 

know of. 

Silvester Bvillen swome and exa sayeth that John 

Dayns did Carye Certen Tymber for Cap* Tho : Barwick 

to his house, for W^ he p''mised him some Tobacco but 

how much he knoweth nott. 

It is ordered y* whereas Thomas Sulley hath broken y» Saboth 

daye in goinge A huntinge, as by M"" Richard Kingsmell 

hath been Complayned one in Coorte, That he shall paye 

five pownd sterlinge in good Tobacco Towards the Church 

Charge, and acknowledge his falte in the Church before the 


Thomas Gates swome and examined sayeth, that he Cominge to 

John Jacksone to demande 76 pownd of Tobacco, y ^ same 

Jacksonne went w*** him to George Clarke, and Caled y* 

said George Clarke and told him that this is the man y* 

this is the must make your house Tyte and yf you will 

pay him y ' 76 pownd of Tobacco I will giue you an Acquittal 

' *Hugh Haward, who came in the Starr and his wife Susan, who came 
in the George, were living at Pashbehaighs in January 1624. 

Robert Fitt, who came in the George and his wife Ann, who came 
in the Abigail, lived on James City Island 1624-5. 

Silvester Buller, aged 28, was then a servant of Richard Tree at 
James City. 

Thomas Gates, who came in the Swan in 1609, was living in 1624-5 
at Pace's Paines on the south side of the river near Jamestown. George 
Clarke died at James City in 1623-4. 


[ink 38] [pencil 76] 

It is ordered at this Courts, That Capt Martyn shall paye 
to Mr Humphrie Rastell 960 pound weight of good merchantable 
Tobacco such as shalbe valued woorth ijs the pownde at or 
before ihe xxth daye of December now next ensuinge at James 
Cyttie And that yf the said Capt John Martyn do fayle 
in payment of the said Tobacco in pte or in the whole, in 
and vppon the aforesaid That then Capt Martyn shall 
forfeyt ye 600 pound weight of Tobacco allowed him 
by the Coorte. 

And that vppon the payment of the said 960 pound waight 
of Tobacco the said Capt Martyn and Mr. Rastell shall 
scale Release eyther to other concerninge this business 

Wheras Cap* John Martyn by Covenant vnder his hande and 


ys to paye M' Humfrey Rastell for Transportinge of him self and 

twelve men and Certen goods, the some of two hundred, twenty 

and eight pownd ster as Tobacco shalbe woorth heere in redy 


Yt is ordered that there be abated for five men w*** should have 

been Transported and were nott, as also for theire victualls 


pownde sterling. 

Yt is ordered y* there be six hundred pownd waight of Tobacco 

allowed Cap*. John Martyn, for wrongs and damages in 


him to Canada and detayninge him there, wherby he Arived 

soe late 

in Virginia w*'' six hundred pownd waight of Tobacco at two 

shillings the pownde Cometh to sixtie pownde ste' (The 

Remander beinge one thousande hundred and fowerscore eight 


waight ster, Cap* Martyn ys to paye in such Tobacco as 

shalbe worth heere two shillings A pownde (wch will 


Amounte to one thowsand and fowerscore pownd of Tobacco 
w'** Cap* Martin is to paye to M' Htiinfrey Rastell Exer 
Admr or assignes at or before the twentieth daye of December 
now next Ensuinge in James Cyttle (And that yf ye saide 
Cap* Martyn do fayle in payinge of the said one Thowsand 
and fowerscore pownd of Tobacco in pte or in the whole at 
or before the days aforesaid, That then Cap* Martyn shall 
forfect the six hundred pownd of Tobacco allowed him for 
wronge and damages as aforesaid 

And that vppon the Payment of ye saide one Thowsand and 
fowerscore pownd waight of Tobacco, The said Cap* Martyn 
and M'. Himifrey Rastell shall scale Release e3rther to other 
for and Conceminge this Business. 

[ink 39] [pencil 77] 

John Phillip A negro Christened in England 12 years since 

swome & 

exam sayeth, y* beinge in a shipp w*** Sr Arthur Henry Maner- 

inge they tooke 

A ship Spanish shipp aboute Cape Set Mary and Caryed her to 


in w''' shipp was A spanishe ladye and divers other, Arid beinge 


m' Symon Tuchinge Cam into Mamora in a smale shipp, and 


some Conference had by y* said Tuckinge w'** Spaniards taken 


aforesaid, he was by them ymployed in y * said smale shipp to 


to feach money for the Ransominge of the said lady w'** Accord- 

inglie he p'formed. 

Edward Pepprett sv\'ome and Examined sayeth y* Symon Tuch- 

ing told this deponent 

him before divers other of the shipps Company thar he was the 



Tutchinge was banished owt of England and Ireland, sa)dnge 
I Come of A good kindred, I dare nott shew my face wher I 
was bonie, I care nott yf all my kindred were hanged, and doth 
Cale the p'testant Lutherans, And ftirther sayeth y* saide 
Tutchine hath been very dilligent in soimdings of this River 
as also in enqueringe after the Chanells of other Rivers w*''in 
the baye And further he sayeth that Tutchinge doth give owt 
and intend at his retume to Tuch at the Westeme Hands and 
refresh his men 

George Rugless swome and Examined sayeth y* the said 


reported of himselfe y* he was a banished man owt of England 


sayeth y* he was very well acquainted and respected in y « Made- 


and hath said of his kindred (y* they did not care for him, nor he 

for them, And he cared not yf his freends were all hanged 

and jrt yf occasione were, he would Tuch at the Wester Hands 

Maderas as he reto'. 

John Lamoyne marchant swome and Examined sayeth y* M' 


did tell This Examinate that he was a banished man owt of Ire- 


[ink 40] [pencil 78] 

William Emersone swome and Ex^ sayeth, that at Christmas 
last past this Examt' and John Davis, Did give to William 
Liv* Gibbs for A man servant named w™ Popleton, for 
two yeers, three hundred pownd waight of tobacco wch 
Tobacco was presently paid to Liv* Gibbs. 

Yt is ordered y* y » like Lre of Administ' be granted to John 
Bush as hath been formerly granted to mr. George Keth 
And that he bringe two SufiBcyent men to stande bound 


w*^ him the trew pformance of the said Administra* And 
to be heere one mondaye next Com fortnight to pforme 
this order, at W^ time or before Mr. Keth is to 
bringe in A trew Accompt of the Estate of y« O'phant 

[At the end of this page and the beginning of the next, are 
depositions in regard to the attempt made by the drunken 
master of the ship Ambrose then lying in James River, to 
commit an vmnatural crime with one of the crew. The details 
are unprintable, even as part of an ancient record.] 

[pencil 95] [ink 68] 

Mr William Cleyboume sayeth y* he was in place 

when M'' Threasurer did say he had frely forgeeve Marten 

Turner two yeers serNdce of his 7 yeers 

w'ch he was to serve him. A,nd Marten Turner 

did not contradict it. And y* howe Marten had 

but five yeeres to serve, w*=^ the said Marten 

beinge presesnt did not gaine say. 

Wheras the Counsell the half doth Chalenge for them selves and 
the Publique officers of the Colonic the moytie of y* Companys 
rente, as Appeereth by theire great Charter of laws and 

prders dated [sic] And since it is 

a thinge y* was never heertofore payed Nor by the Treasurers 
Commissione as he Conceaveth, he is Awthorized to pay it. He 
therefore doth Peticion the Court, That it may be referred 
to A nisi pryus, wherin neyther pte shalbe interested 
Yt is ordered yt one Tcusday Wensday Com senight the xvth 
of this december next (sic) be a Jury warned of discreet 
A Sufficyent men Consistinge of 18 psones in number 
to decide the forsaid Questione 


[96] [69] 

Wheras Cap* Hamer Compleyned in Courte for y * recovery 
of A Debt of 250 waight of Tobacco Dew to be paide 
by Ensigne James Harrisone Deceased and David Baily 
and John Costarde I'wise Deceased as p*ners together 
for as much as noe prooff e was made of their p*nershipp 
and for y* it Did appeare by two servants that were only 
left alive, That they did proply belong to the saide 
James Harisone,\as by deposition of the said servant 
appearath y* is therefore ordered y* Anna Cooper late 
wiefe to the said James Harisone doe onely Satisfie the 
pper depts dew by the said James Harrisone 

The Depositions of Jo ; Coker taken before Capt 
Willia Tucker ye xxi*'' dye of November 1624 
Tutchinge y ^ difference between Cap* Raphe Hamer 
and Justinian Coop'r and his wife 

This deponent sayeth y* he was servant only to Ensigne 
James Harisone, and no man to Jo : Costerd 
or David Baylie, neyther doth he know of any agrement 
betweene the said James Harisone John Coster and David 
Barry of C'^tnershipp And he also sayeth that the 
said James Harysone had pte o' pcell of the 
goodes that were bought of M'. Robert Bennett 
deceased by the said John Coster or David Barry 

John Coker 

The depositione of John Curtis 
taken as aforesaide 

This deponent sayeth y* Ensigne James Harisone deceased 


bought of Liv* John Cheasman C^) his [Curts's] tyme of ser- 

and two more named Henry Davis and Jo : Maltman 
for y * sole and pper use of the saide James Harysone 
for the some of six hundred pownds of Tobacco which 
some was paid by the wiefe of the said James 
Harysone owt of his owne pper Tobacco 
The mark X of Jo: 

/ William Tucker doe affirmc. 

[Page 79 (ink 63, pencil 79) blank) 

isjustinian Cooper who, from this entry is shown to have married 
Ann widow of James Harrison, was long resident in Virginia though his 
name does not appear in the Census of 1624-5. He was probably out of 
the country at the time. He settled at Warrosquoiacke (the present Isle 
of Wight). On Sept. 1, 1636, he patented 1050 acres in the County of War- 
rosquoiacke adjoining the head of Lawne's Creek, Back Bay and his 
own dwelling house. In 1645 he patented tracts of 112 and 1350 acres in 
Isle of Wight County near the head of Seaward's Creek, part of which 
had been granted to him in 1637. He had other grants of land. 

There are various papers in the records of Isle of Wight County 
which refer to him. Among these are; (1) deed dated Oct. 19, 1625, from 
Gyles Jones to Justinian Cooper and Ann his wife, conveying 100 acres, 
part of a patent dated December 14, 1619; (2) deed Sept'29, 1629, from 
Justinian Cooper and Ann his wife, "late relic of James Harrison," to 
Wassell Neblin and George Fawdon, conveying the above named 100 
acres; (3) deed, April. 25, 1646, from Justinian Cooper and Ann his wife 
to John George, conveying the Robert Bennett Tract and the Quarter 
Tract (200 acres) part of a patent for 2,000 acres, dated March 16, 1642; 
(4) will of Justinian Cooper, dated March 26, 1650, (printed in this Mag- 
azine VI, 122). His wife Ann was then living; (5) deed, 1671, from William 
Woolard, late of Harwich, Essex, England, mariner, but now resident in 
Isle of Wight County, Va., heir of Justinian Cooper, long since deceased, 
to Nathaniel Bacon, Esq. 

isjohn Cheesman, or Chisman, of Kicoughtan, gent., patented 200 
acres on the river over against that place, Sept. 2, 1624. He was born in 
1597, came to Virginia in 1621, was a Justice of York County 1635, mem- 
ber of the House of Burgesses 1642-3, and was appointed to the Council 

1652. He married Margaret , and returned to England before 1661, 

being then a resident of the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Bermond Sea, 
Surrey. He died in 1665. His brothers Thomas and Edward Chisman 
(the latter bom in 1602) were living with him in Virginia in 1623. From 
the latter the Virginia family of Cheesman or Chisman descends. See 
this Magazine I, 311, 312; XIV. 86, and Wra. and Mary Quarterly Oct. 
1892 and July 1893. 


[ink 44] [pencil 80]. 

A Cotirte held the xiij*^ of December 1624 present 
Sr: Francis Wyatt knight &c Sr George Yardly Knight 
Doctor Pott, Cap* Hamer, Cap* Smith 

Abraham Porter swome and examined sayeth y* the last yeere 


at William Cluch his howse, he sawe A hogg kilde that hadd 

noe Eare marke and y* Cluch told this exa' he bought 

that hogg of John Johnsone for A snaphaine peece. 

Further this Examana* sayeth y* y * saide W™ Gluck told this 

Examinat' y* John K. John Johnsone sold John Haule A hogg 

wch was ynearmarkt. 

And further this Ex^ sayth y* John Haule kild A hogg 

vppon yt Saboth dye by ye appoyntment of John Johnsone 

as Clutch told him. 

William Cluch awome and Ex"" sayeth y* John Johnsone sold him 

A hogg w"** was not eare markt, for w'^^ hog he gave the 

said Johnsone a snaphame peece. 

Further he sayeth y* about 3 weeks since this Exa™ Cominge 

from Eveninge prayer ( ^^) yppon the saboth daye, John Haiile 

had kUd a hog at John Johnsons house, for w^'' John 

Johnsone was angry with his wiefe and John Haule. 

Yt is ordered yt wheras John Johnsone hath kild 4 hogg of 3 
quarters olde beinge vnearmarkt, Contrary to A lawe 
formerly made, that he shall make restitutione of 
4 other hogg of the same age to the use of ye colony Go^no'. 

Richard Craven C^) swome and Examined sayeth y* W™ 


and Thomas Hethersell Borrowed A Boate of Richard 

Tree to Carry downe theire goodes to blunt poynt 

by whose Careles necklect the saide boate was 

splite and quite loste. 

i^'It is interesting to know that there was evening prayer in the 
Church at Jamestown where John Johnson lived. 

isRichard Craven owned 150 acres at Blunt Point in 1626. 


John Clarksone swome and examined sayeth y* Richard Tree 


lend a boate to M'. Thomas HethersoU, w*** boat M'. 


did p'mise to deliuer safe again to Richard Tree at James 

Cyttie and Cominge to Martins hundred, M'. W™ Cooke & 

M'. Hethersoll, Richard Craven and this Exa' beinge in ye boate 

they went ashore, And this Exam' seeinge much fowle wether 

Cominge, he went and requested M'. Cooke and M'. Hethersoll 

to Come, and helpe to draw ye boate to som Convenient place 

where she might be owt of danger but they answered they 

wold not by reasone whereof y * boat was split & lost. 

[pencil 81] [ink 45} 

Luke Edan swome and Examined sayeth that there was 
sixteen thousand of fish offered him by one Corbin 
at Canada w"^** aftenv^ard y* said Corbin refused to 
sell him for that it was told him his Tobacco was 
not good, and as this Exa' hurd, it was Henry 
Hewet that told him soe. 

Further this exam sayeth y* there were Certen Rugge 
and prunes abourd the shipp of one dockett lanes 

bargand for and Docket was to receive the 
London June Tobacco 
the twentieth? for them, w"** in regard the Rug were sent 
Dinspensation ashore 

in a fowle and Raging daye by Mr Hewett, 

would not lett this Exa by neither the prunes nor 



[This Further this Exam sayeth y* he rec'd but seventy 

marginal and six pound waight of M' Marshalls Tobacco w°'» 
note is he disbursed and is redy to geve an Accompt for it 
& and foorther saye that there was about thre hundred 

illegible] pound waight of Tobacco in A Cheast y* no better 

then doinge and nothinge woorth. 
M"" Doctor Pott aflfirmeth y* M. Dilke beinge at his howse 
told him y* he was to be his my his neighbour, sayinge y' he 
had agreed w**" Jo: Lightfoote for his house and groundes 
where vnto Doctor Pott replyed y* Jo : Lightf oot (to his 
knowledge) had let the house and grounde to goodman 
Binck ( ^^) and y* it wold breed Controversie and 
the pooreman wold be disapoynted, wherto Mr. Delke 
answered y* John Lightfoote told him y' Binck 
had geven it over, then Doctor Pott was sent 
his boy for John Lightfoote and asked him when 
he would offer to sell his howse to M'' Dilke in 
regard he hadd formerly lett it to goodman Binks 
wherto he answered y^ he thought Bincke wold 
not have it because he did not com over vppon 
new years dye, as he had apoynted. 

[page 46 is blank] 

[ink 82] [pencil 82] 

(to be continued) 

laWilliam Banks and Ann his wife were living at the Main near 
James City 1624-5. 



(From original volume in the Virginia State Library.) 

"ThisBookbegimby Mr. Benjamin Harrison, Clerk of ye Council 1698. 
(Inscription of fly leaf.) 


May it please your Excellency 

I am most Sensibly afflicted that my Lameness prevents my 
attendance on your Excellency at this time as my duty re- 
quires Hope in a short time to be perfectly well when (God 
willing) shall never be wanting to behave myselfe with all re- 
spect to your Excellency to whom I wish a long and prosper- 
ous continuance in this Government I shall always remain 
most faithfully 

Your Excellency's most Humble 
And Obedient Servant. 

William Byrd. 


December ye 7th 1698. 


May it please your Excellency 

To pardon my not wateing upon you according to my duty 
For my ould enemie the Gout had like to have kept me prisnor 
the last time I was at towne but was so kinde to let me come 
home but the next day Seised me and hath not yet acquited 
me though I thank God I am able to walk about a little and 
did adventure the last weeke to ride 8 miles but (though it wa s 


very Good wether) it made me almost as lame againe as ever 
and I have not dared to venture on horse back Since. Noth- 
ing S'r but indispensible necessitie could have kept me from 
comeing to kisse your Excellency's hand and Expresseing my 
joy for your comeing againe to Goveme us therefore cannot 
doubt but your Goodness will excuse. 

Your Excellency's 

Most humble Servant 
Richard Johnson. 
December ye 8 1698 

To his Excellency Francis Nicholson Esq'r & c. 


By the Lords Justices 

(L. S.) 

Tho. Cantuar His Majesty's Additionall Instruc- 

Dorsett tion for Francis Nicholson Esq'r His 

Marlborough Majesty's Lieutenant and Govemour 

Romney Generall of his Majesty's Colony and 

Chas. Montague Dominion of Virginia in America And 

in his absence to the Lieutenant Gover- 

nour or Commander in Chief of the said 

Colony for the time being. Given at 

Whitehall the 20 day of September 1698 

in the Tenth Year of his Majesty's 


Whereas His Majesty has for some years past been pleased 

to allow unto Mr. James Blair Commissary for the Lord Bishop 

of London in Virginia One hundred Pounds Yearly out of his 

Quit Rents in that Colony which has hither to been accordingly 

paid unto the said Commissary by Speciall Warrants from the 

Lords Commissioners of his Maj'ty's Treasury, And his Maj'ty 

has been humbly moved That the Govemour of the Said Colony 

may for the future be Directed by an Instruction to pay unto 


the said Commissary Blair the said allowance of One hundred 
Pounds yearly with the Arrears thereof out of his Maj'ty's 
said Quit Rents without further Warrant. His Maj'ty's Will 
and Pleasure is that you accordingly give Directions for the 
payment of the same out of his Maj'ty's Quit Rents in that 
Colony tni further Order. 

By their Excellency's Command 

Ja. Vernon. 
To his Excellency Francis Nicholson Esq'r His Maj'ty's 
Lieutenant and Govemour Generall of his Maj'ty's Colony 
and Dominion of Virginia in America. 

Ja. Vernon. 


By the Lords Justices 

Tho Cantuar Instructions for Francis Nicholson 

Somers C Esq'r his Maj'ty's Lieutenant and Gov- 

Pembroke C P S emour Generall of his Maj'ty's Colony 

Marlborough and Dominion of Virginia in America 

Romney and in his Absence to the Lieutenant 

Oxford Govemoiir or Commander inChief of the 

said Colony for the time beimg. 
Given at Whitehall the 10 day of 

November 1698. In the Tenth Year 

of his Majesty's Reign. 
His Maj'ty having been informed that the Navall Officers, 
being the Persons appointed by the Govemours in his respective 
Plantations in America to take Bonds and give Certificates 
for clearing of Ships have generally neglected to comply with 
the Direction of the late Act of Parliament for preventing 
frauds and Regulating Abuces in the Plantation trade which 
requires their giving Security to the Commissioners of the 
Customes in England for the due Discharge of their Trust. 
And it having been further represented to his Maj'ty that 
besides the Security which the said Navall Officers are Obliged 


by law to give it would be very Expedient that (according to 
the Constitution of the Customes in England which has pro- 
vided a Controul upon the Action of every Officer Employed 
therein) the concurrence of the Collectors appointed by the 
Commissioners of the Customes in his Maj'ty's respective 
Plantations should also be made necessary to so important an 
Act as that of Signing Certificates for clearing of Ships his 
Maj'ty taking the same Into Consideracon is here by pleased 
to declare his will and pleasure And you are accordingly hereby 
required to take care that the Navall Officer or Officers in His 
Maj'ty's Colony of Virginia under your Government do give 
Secvirity for the due Discharge of his or their Trust to such 
Person as is or shall be appinted by the Commissioners of the 
Customes for that purpose according to the Direction of the 
forementioned Act of parliament and likewise that you do not 
admitt or allow any Certificates signed by the Navall Officer 
or Officers aforesaid for the Clearing of Ships within His Maj' 
ty's said Colony of Virginia to be Valid and Effectuall for 
that End without the Concurrence of the Collector appointed 
there by the Commissioners of his Maj'ty's Customes 
By their Excellencies Command. 

Ja : Vernon. 


Whitehall 23d November 1698. 

The Lords Justices being informed by severall advices from 
the East Indies of the notorious Pyracies committed by Cap't 
Kidd Commander of the Adventure Galley and of his having 
Seized and plundered divers Ships in those seas As their Ex- 
cellency's have given Order to the Commander of the Squadron 
fitted out for the East Indies that he use his Utmost Endeavors 
to pursue and seize the Said Kidd if he continue still in those 
parts so likewise they have Commanded me to signify their 
Direccons to the respective Govemours of the Colony's under 
his Maj'ty's Obedience in America that they give strict Orders 


and take partioilar Care for apprehending the said Kidd and 
his Accomplices whenever he or they shall arrive in any of the 
said Plantations as likewise that they Secure his Ship and all 
the effects therein it being their Excellency's intention that right 
be done to those who have been injured and rob'd by the said 
Kidd and that he and his Associates be prosecuted with the 
utmost Vigour of Law You are to be carefuU thereof duly to 
observe the said Direccons And if the said Kidd or any of his 
Accomplices happen to be seized within the Province under 
your Government You are forthwith to transmitt an account 
thereof hither and take care that the said persons Ship and 
Effects be secured till his Maj'ty's pleasure be known con- 
cerning them. I am S'r 

Your most faithfull 

himible Servant 

Ja: Vernon. 

To Francis Nicholson Esq'r 
His Maj'ty's Lieutenant and 
Govemour Generall of his 
Maj'ty's Colony and Dominion 
of Virginia in 

Ja Vernon Exam'd P. B. Harrison. 


William R. 
(L. S.) 

To our Trusty and well beloved Francis Nicholson Esq'r 
Our Lieutenant and Govemour Generall of our Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia in America and to our Lieutenant Gov- 
emour and Commander in Chief of our said Colony for the 
time being, Greeting. With this You will receive a Seal pre- 
pared by our Order for the use of our Government of Virginia 
which seal is Engraven with Our Armes, Garter and Crown 
with this Inscription round the same En Dat Virginia-Quintum. 


And our Will and Pleasure is, and we do hereby authorize you 
and our Lieutenant Govemour or Commander in Chief of our 
Said Colony for the time being to Affix the said Seal to all 
patents and Grants of Lands and to all publick Acts and instru- 
ments of Government which shall be made and pased in Our 
Name within our said Colony and that it be to all intents and 
purposes of the same force and Validity as any former Seal ap- 
pointed for the publick use of the Government in oiu- said 
Colony hath heretofore been which former Seals are not to be 
made use of or Affixed to any Publick Act or Instruments what- 
soever but to be Defaced and broken. Given at our Court at 
Kensington the 10th day of Janu'ry 1698. In the Tenth year 
of oiu" Reign. 

By his Maj'ty's Command 

Ja: Vernon. 


Virginia, James City, May 3, 1699« 
Honorable Sir 

I received Yours to me of the 16th of March last, In answer 
to an Order of myselfe in Councill, Dated at James City the 
24th day of February last, transmitted unto You by Coll. 
Quary ptu-suant also to what You advise in that Letter, upon 
the 28th of the last moneth arrived at this Place Mr. Akehurst 
and Cap't Walker the Gentlemen appointed by You and the 
Councill of Your Province to agree upon and Settle the bounds 
between this His Maj'ts Colony and Dominion of Virginia 
and Your said Province of Carolina. I shall at all times be very 
ready to do anything that is requisite on my Parte for the per- 
fecting of a Worke which I talvC to be so very Necessary and so 
much contributing to the Peace and Quiet of both these Col- 
onyes; But at present it is the Opinion of myself and his Maj'ts 
Honorable Councill of state for this his Colony and Dominion 
of Virginia that I cannot safely Comiconate any persons to 
treat with the Gent'n from your Province about this affair. 
Wee have not any Design of Delaying so good a Worke but 


we are Desirous that when it is done it may be Effectual and 
Valid in all time coming and that wee think the Gent, ap- 
pointed by you are not sufficiently Qualified to do. Our Rea- 
son for this Opinion is grounded upon an act of Parliament of 
the seventh and Eighth Years of his present Maj'ty Intituled 
an act for Preventing frauds and regulating abuses in the plan- 
tacon trade which I have given to the Gent, for Your More 
particular Satisfacon herein in this act it is Enacted that all 
the then present Govemours or Comanders in Cheif of any 
English Colonyes or Plantacons shall before the 25 day of 
March 1697 take a solemn Oath &c. as in the said act is More 
at large Directed; and by another Clause in the said act it is 
Enacted that all Govemours Nominated and Appointed by 
any persons or proprietors who shall be Intituled to make such 
Nominacon shall be allowed and approved of by his Maj'ty 
his Heires and successours Signifyed by his or their order in 
Councill who shall take the Oaths Enjoyned by this Or any 
other Act to be taken by the Govemours or Commanders in 
Cheif in other his Maj'ty 's Colonyes and plantacons; By this 
act you may please to observe it is required that you be ap- 
proved by his Maj'ty to be signifyed as is aforemenconed and 
that you likewise take the said Oaths before you can be suf- 
ficiently Qualified to Execute the Office of Govemour or Com- 
ander in Cheif of any Propriety, and for as much as it doth 
not appear that you have Complyed therewith Wee are of 
Opinion that it is not convenient for us to treat with any Per- 
son or Persons by you appointed to agree upon and settle this 
affair between these two Colonyes; Therefore all further pro- 
ceedings therein Must for the present be suspended untill you 
can give an Account thereof to those persons for whom You 
are Concemed and shall Obtain such Approbacon and Quali- 
fycacon as by the act of Parliament aforemenconed is directed 
and required I on m}' parte shall take care that our proceed- 
ings Herein may be layd before his Majesty for his further 
comands thereupon and I hope by the next fall to receive such 
Direccons as shall be thought necessary; I desire lilcewise that 
you on your parte will take Care to obtain such Qualificacons 
and Instruccons as are requisite for you by the Consent of Mr. 


Akehurst and Cap't Walker I have Caused the Exemplificacon 
of your proprietor's Charter to be recorded here so that there 
will not be occasion any more to hazard that Upon so long a 
Journey as to send it hither for our Satisfaccon therein. 

I must further acquaint you that by Comicon under the great 
Seal of the high Admiralty of England Dated the 26 day of 
June in the Year 1697 — Directed unto Sir Edmund Andros 
Knight His Maj'ts late Lieutenant and Govemour Generall 
of Virginia and^ to His Maj't's Lieutenant and Govemour Gen- 
erall of Virginia for the time being His Maj'ty hath been pleased 
to Grant unto his said Lieutenant and Govemoiu" Generall of 
Virginia for the time being Power and Authority to appoint 
Judges Registers Marshalls and Advocates for the Admiralty 
Courts of Virginia Carolina and the Bahama Islands by Virtue 
of which Said Comicon the said Sir Edmimd Andros by severill 
comicons did appoint the Hon'ble Edward Hill Esq'r judge, 
Miles Gary Gent. Register, Michael Sherman Gent, Marshall, 
and John Taylor Gent. Advocate, of the Court of Admiralty in 
this His Maj'ts Colony and Dominion of Virginia and the 
Province of North Carolina I herewith send you Copyes of the 
said Severall Comicons for your better Informacon therein and 
I do recomend the same to your care that when any matters 
shall happen requiring the Presence and Service of the said 
judge and Officers, you will give me timely Intimacon thereof 
that I may give such direccons as shall be necessary therein- 
which is all at present from 

Yoiu* Affectionate Friend and 

Humble Servant 
ff. Nicholson. 

For His Maj'tys Speciall Service 


The Hon'ble Thomas Harvey Esq'r 

Deputy Govemour of His Maj'ts 

Province of North Carolina. 



To the honourable The Speaker and Gentlemen of the house 
of Burgesses. 

We the president, Masters and Scholars of the Royal Col- 
ledge of William and Mary in Virginia, being deeply sensible 
of the great honoxir lately conferred on this Colledge by the 
hon'ble House of Burgesses first in graceing our Scholastick 
exercises with your own countenance and presence on May day 
last, and then in giveing so favourable a Judgement and Charac- 
ter of the proficiency of our Youth in their Studies and in re- 
commending the said Colledge to our good Govemours care and 
favour in your most hearty address made to his Excellency 
for that purpose : Desire leave in all humility to offer our most 
thankfull acknowledgements for the same and withall to as- 
sure this hon'ble House that nothing can so effectually en- 
courage us to go on in the chearfull prosecution of our studies 
as the favourable countenance of so great Patrons as we hope 
to find both in his Excellency and the present Generall Assem- 
bly for which good understanding among your selves and joint 
endeavours to carry on this and all other good works We doubt 
not ye will have the blessings and prayers of all good men to 
join with those of 

Your most obliged humble Servants 

James Blair Presid't. 
Mongs Inglis humanity prof: 
John Hodges Usher. 

In name & at the desire of the rest of our Condisciples 

Orlando Jones ] 

Henry Harrison I o , i 
T 1, A 11 f Scholars 

John Allen '| 

John Jones J 

The Answer sent by Major Custis and Cap't. Wilson. 

The house have sent us to acquaint you that they have read 
your address it is received mighty kindly and they hope you 
you will always merit their good Esteem. 



To his Excellency Francis Nicholson Esq'r His Maj'ts Lieu- 
tenant and Govemour Generall of Virginia. 

The humble Address of the Councill and Burgesses of this 
present Generall Assembly 

May it please your Excellency 

Wee the Coimcill and Burgesses of the present General As- 
sembly being sensible of the great Mischeifs and Inconveniences 
that Accrew to the Inhabitants of this His Maj'ts Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia By killing of Whales within the Capes 
thereof Doe in all humility take Leave to Represent the same 
unto Your Excellency And withall to acquaint you That by 
the Means thereof Great Quantity es of Fish are poysoned and 
destroyed And the Rivers also made noisome and Offensive 
For prevention of which Evills In regard the Restraint of the 
Killing of Whales is a Branch of His Majestyes Royall Pre- 

Wee humbly Pray that Your Excellency will be pleased to 
Issue out a Proclamation forbiding All Persons whatsoever to 
Strike or kill any Whales within the Bay of Chesapeake in 
the Limits of Virginia which wee hope will prove an Effectual! 
means to prevent the many Evills that Arise therefrom. 

Richard Lee in behalf of His Majestyes Honorable Councill. 
Robert Carter, Speaker. 


To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty 

We yo'r Majestyes most Loyall and Obedient Subjects The 
Burgesses of the Generall Assembly in yo'r Majestyes most 
Antient and great Colony & Dominion of Virginia now As- 
sembled, Doe humbly Embrace this Occasion, In the first place 
to Congratulate yo'r Majestyes Safe & happy Retume to yo'r 
Kingdome of England, haveing first purchased & Secured 
through yo'r own personall Valour Conduct and Prudence a 
Glorious, Hon'ble and Setled peace not only to Christendome 


but Even by Means of yo'r Wisdome & Mediation between his 
Imperiall Majesty and the Grand Signior to the very Turks & 
Infidells by which your Majesty has Emimently appeared to 
be the Sole & great Arbiter both of Warr and peace in the 
largest part of the Known World to Accomplish which you 
have not Spared to Expose your own Sacred precious & Royall 
person to the Great Hazards & Most Eminent Dangers in 
which yo'r Majesty had noe other End than the preservation 
& Defence of the true Protestant Religion and the Libertyes 
& propertyes of Europe, This Great S'r Altho' we live soere- 
mote We are not Ignorant of and long ere this we Should have 
Expressed our Sence of the Same by an hiunble Address to yo'r 
most Sacred Majesty had we bin in a Capacity as a house of 
Burgesses of doeing it before. 

In the next place we think our Selves Obleiged in duty to 
yo'r Majesty in all humility to Express our deep Sence and to 
make a Gratefull Accknowledgm't of your many Royall flav- 
ours and bounty's from time to time bestowed upon this your 
Ancient and great Colony and Dominion in Generall & upon 
yo'r Royall Colledge of William & Mary in P'ticiilar, And 
hiunbly to Begg that Continueance of your Royall Grace Fa- 
vour & Protection to us & it 

We also Accknowledge it our highest Duty to yo'r Majesty to 
Retiime our hiunble and unfeigned Thanks to Almighty God 
for the preservation & Continuance of your life & health And 
it shall be our Daily prayers that yo'r Majesty may have a 
Long and Happy Reigne over all yo'r Kingdomes & Domin- 
ions, And may all your Loyall Subjects for Ever bear in Mind 
the Inestimable Benefits they have received from yo'r Maj- 
esty who have (under God) been the Main Bulwark and De- 
fence of our Religion Lawes and Libertyes &c'a And it has 
alwayes bin the happiness of this Dominion to Deserve the 
Character of Loyall & Dutifull Subjects, Soe at this time we 
take Leave in most Humble Manner to Assiu-e yo'r Majesty 
we will Continue Soe to our Lives End. 

Robert Carter, Speaker in 
Behalf of the house of Burgesses. 



You Shall Swear to be a true and faithfull Servant unto the 
Kings Majesty as One of His Councni of State and to be aiding 
and assisting to His Excellency His Majesties Leiutenant and 
Govenour Generall of Virginia; You shall in all things to be 
moved treated and debated in the Councill faithfully declare 
Your Mind and opinion according to Your heart and Conscience, 
and Shall keep Secret all matters comitted and revealed unto 
you concerning the Same, and that Shall be treated Secretly in 
the Councill, untni Such time as by the Consent of His Maj- 
esties Leiutenant and Govenour Generall and the full consent 
of the Councill of State there Resident or the Maj'r part of 
them, Publicacon Shall be made thereof; You Shall to Your 
utmost bear faith and Allegiance to the King's Majesty his 
heirs and lawfuU Successors, and Shall assist and Defend all 
Jurisdiccons preheminences and Authorities granted imto 
His Majesty and annex't imto the Crown against all fforeign 
Princes Persons Prelates and Potentates whatsoever And Gen- 
erally You Shall act and doe in all things as a faithfull and true 
Subject Ought to doe to His Majesty. 

Soe help You God. 


William the third by the Grace of God King of England 

Scotland ffrance and Ireland Defender of the faith &c To 

Gent. Greeting We doe by these presents constitute and ap- 
point you to be Clerk of the Generall Assembly of this our 
Colony and Dominion hereby giveing and granting unto You 
full power and authority to your own proper use and behoofe 
to take and receive all Salarys ffees and perquisites whatsoever 
belonging to the Office of the Clerk of the Generall Assembly 
of this Our Colony and Dominion with power to execute and 
enjoy all Trusts Services Rights Members and Appurtenances 
as to the Said Office are justly and Lawfully belonging in as fuU 


and ample manner to all intents and purposes as any other 
Pson heretofore hath or ought to have enjoyed the Same, 
To have hold execute and enjoy the Said Office dureing pleasure 
Witness Our Trusty and well-beloved ffrancis Nicholson Esq'r 
Our Leiutenant and Govenour Generall of Virginia at James- 
Town imder the Seal of Our Colony this day of 
1699 in the Eleventh Yeare of Our Reign. 


You Shall Swear as Clerk of the Gen '11 Assembly of this 
His Maj'ts Colony and Dominion of Virginia to which Office 
You are appointed by His Excellency faithfully Justly and 
uprightly to make true Entries and Joumall's of all Votes 
and Proceedings in the Said Gen'll Assembly as from time to 
time you Shall receive Orders and Direccons and you Shall 
in all thing's according to your best Skill and Judgment Dis- 
charge and Execute the Said Office and Trust of Clerk of the 
Gen'll Assembly. 

Soe help you God. 


William the third by the Grace of God of England Scotland 
ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the faith &c. 

Gent. Greeting We doe by these presents Constitute and 
appoint you to be Clerk of Our Coimcill in Our Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia with power to take and receive to your 
own proper use and behoofe all flfees Dues and perquisites to 
the Said place usually belonging or appertaining To have and 
to hold the Said Office dureing pleasure Witness Our Trusty 
and Well-beloved Francis Nicholson Esq'r Our Leiutenant and 
Govenor Gen'll of Virginia at James Towne under the Seal of 
Our Colony this day of 1699 in the Eleventh 

Year of Our Reign. 



You Shall Swear that you will well and truely Execute the 
place of Clerk of the Councill of this His Majesties Dominion 
of Virginia to the best of your Judgment and Knowledge You 
Shall faithfully Enter all Orders and Shall not discover the 
Secrett proceedings of His Excellency the Govenour and Cotm- 
cill to any pson whatsoever till the same be otherwise made 
Publick but Shall to the best of your Understanding doe all 
things relating to the Said place or Office faithfully justly and 

Soe help you God. 
(to be continued) 



Deed for the Bermudas, 1612. 

This Indenture made the five and twentieth day of November in 
the yeres of the raigne of our most gracious and soveraigne lord James 
by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, Fraunce and Ireland, 
defender of the faith etc, that is to say of England, Fraunce and Ireland 
the tenth, and of Scotland the six and fortieth betweene the Treasurer 
and Company of Adventure: s and planters of the Citty of London for 
the first Colony in Virginia of the one parte and Sir William Woad, 
knight, Sir Dudley Digges, knight. Sir Baptist Hickes, knight, Richard 
Martyn of the middle Temple London Esquire, John Wolstenholme 
Esquire, Richard Chamberlyn, Robert Offley, Robert Johnson, Jerome 
Heydon, George Scott and George Barkley of London, merchauntes of 
tothcr parte witnesseth that whereas it pleased the kinges most excellent 
maiesty by his letters patent bearing date at Westminster the twelveth 
day of march in the nynth yere of his maiesties raigne of England (1609) 
10) Fraunce and Ireland and of Scotland the five and forthieth of his es- 
peciall grace knowledge and meere mocion to give graimt and confirme 
vnto the said Treasurer and Company of Adventurers and planters of 
the Citty of London for the first Colony in Virginia and to their heires 
and successors for ever. All and singular those Islands Whatsoever 
situate and being in any part of the Ocean seas bordering vpon the coast 
of the said first Colony in Virginia and being within three hundred leagues 
of any of the partes heretofore graunted to the said Tresurer and Com- 
pany by his maiesties former letters patents therein recited and 
being within or between the one and forty and Thirty degrees of Nor- 
therly latitude together with all and singular soyles landes, groundes, 
havens, portes, rivers, waters, fishinges, mynes, and myneralles as well 
royall mynes of gold and silver as other mynes and myneralles pearles 
precious stones quarries and all and singular other comodities iuris- 
dictions royalties priviledge franchises and phemynences both within 
the said Tract of land vpon the mayne and also within the said Island 
and seas adioyning Whatsoever and thereto or thereaboute both by sea 
and land being or scituated which his maiesty by his patentes might or 

could graunt and in as ample and sort as his majesty or any his 

noble progenitors have heretofore. 


Close Roll, II James I W. pte 40. 

Virginians at Trinity College, Cambridge, 

Admissions 1701-1800. 

Carter, John, son of Robert Carter of Virginia, America. School, 
Mile End, London (Mr. Maltaire). Age 18 Fellow-Commoner, Jan- 
uary 12, 1714. Tutor, Mr. Baker, [Matriculated, 1714. Did not grad- 

Taylor," Daniel, son of Daniel Taylor, Judge of Virginia, America. 
Educated at the College of William and Mary, Virginia. Age 21. From 
St. John's College whence he had matriculated, 1724. Sizar, October 14, 
1724. Tutor Mr. Parue [B. A. 1727]. 

Ambler, John, Son of Richard Ambler of York Town, Virginia, 
America. School Wakefield, Yorkshire (Mr. Clarke) Age 19. Pen- 
sioner, October 15, 1753. Tutor, Mr. Whisson. [Matriculated 1753. 
Did not graduate]. 

Beverley, Robert, son of William Beverley of Virginia, America. 
School Wakefield, Yorkshire (Mr. Clarke). Age 17. Pensioner, May 
19, 1757, Tutor, Mr. Whisson, [Matriculated, 1757. Did not graduate.] 

Smith, Thomas, son of Gregory Smith of Virginia, America. 
School, Wakefield, Yorkshire (Mr. Atkinson) Age 18. Pensioner, 
April 21, 1759. Tutor Mr. Whisson [Matriculated 1759; Scholar 1760; 
B. A. 1763.] 

Riddell, George, son of Andrew Riddel! of Enfield, Middlesex. 
School, Hampton, Virginia, America (Dr. Warrington), Age 17. Pen- 
sioner, September 29, 1769. Tutor, Mr. Postlethwaite, [Matriculated 
1770; Scholar 1771; B. A. 1774. 

Beverley, William, son of Robert Beverley of Blandfield, Essex. 
School, Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, Virginia, North America (Mr. 
Denholm). Age 18. Pensioner, April 4, 1781. Tutors Mr. Therond & 
Mr. Cranke. [Did not Matriculate or graduate]. 

Skipwith, Gray, Son of Peyton Skipwith of Virginia, America. 
School, Eton (Dr. Davies'). Age 19. Fellow Commoner, November 
25, 1790. Tutor. Mr. Jones. [Did not matriculate or graduate]. 

Portraits of F. S. Key. 
My mother, who was the eldest child of Francis Scott Key, author 
of "The Star-Spangled Banner," and who died September 9th, 1897, at 
the age of nearly 94 years, told me that John Randolph of Roanoke and 
her father had their portraits painted for exchange, but that Randolph 
did not like Key's portrait and gave it to her. It is of small size. 


Now I notice in Garland's Life of John Randolph of Roanoke, in 
a letter from Randolph to Key on page 86 of Volume 2, May 7th, 1816, 
he writes of the intention of giving the artist — Wood, of Washington, 
D. C. — a last sitting for his portrait and his expectation of having Key's 
portrait in return, and in a letter dated Richmond, April 29, 1818, on 
page 96, he says : "On my arrival here the day before yesterday I found 
the picture and the picture frame which poor L. left for me. Wood has 
again failed, but not so entirely as at first. It is you in some of your 
humors, but neither your serious nor more cheerful face. It shall hang, 
however, near my bed, and I hope will prove a benefit as well as a pleas- 
ure to me." 

Now it seems likely that the picture which Randolph gave to my 
mother was Wood's first and less successful attempt, and if so, that there 
may be in Virginia his second and better portrait of Key, which Ran- 
dolph so actually received, framed, at Richmond, and was about to take 
to his home. Can any of your readers tell where such a portrait may be 
looked for? It would probably be a small one. 

What has become of John Randolph's effects? 

Randolph's portrait was in possession of one of Francis Scott Key's 
grandchildren a few years ago. 

Mc Henry Howard, 

901 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md., 
7th December, 1912. 

My mother told me anecdotes about Randolph, who was often at 
her father's house in Georgetown and was warmly attached to her father 
and his family. On one occasion he was jostled on the street in Wash- 
ington by some elaborately dressed member of a foreign diplomatic 
corps. He turned to his servant Juba and asked in his high voice, "Who's 
that Juba?" "Dunno, Massa." "Puppy, Juba, hey Juba?" "Speck so, 
Massa." But I think these anecdotes have appeared in print. 

I have some fine engravings which Randolph brought back from 
Europe and gave to my mother. I have also a number of letters which 
passed between Randolph and Key — from each to the other. 


[The records of Charles City County suffered greatly at the hands 
of the soldiers of M'Clellan's army. Books and papers of all kinds up 
to about 1735 were destroyed or carried away. The same fate befel all 
the will books prior to 1770, and so far as the compiler could discover, 
there are no deed books prior to 1767 left. The order books (court pro. 
ceedings) beginning about 1735 are fairly continuous to the end of the 
colonial period. Of dates later than the Revolution a number of books 
remain as do many marriage bonds]. 


Lyddall Bacon deputy clerk 1767. 

Deed from John Edloe of Charles City to Benjamin Dancy of same, 
March 1, 1768. 

Mordecai Debnam Clerk of Charles City 1768. 

Deed, May 4, 1768, from John Hardyman of Charles City to his 
daughter Elizabeth Eppes of same, conveying two negroes. 

Deed, April 1, 1768, from Mary Eppes, widow, of Charles City, to 
William Forbom, of same, who had married her daughter Mary Ann and 
had two children Andrew and Mary Ann Forbom. 

Deed, Oct. 29, 1768, from Littleberry Cocke, Gent., of Charles 
City, to his daughter Rebecca, conveying six negroes in trust for said 
Littleberry and Rebecca Hubbard his wife, during their lives and then 
to go to their said daughter Rebecca (Mrs Rebecca Cocke had before 
been the wife of Henry Soane). 

Deed, May 1, 1769, from Edward Munford and Betty his wife of 
Halifax Co. N. C, to Paul Jones of Charles City Covmty, Va., conveying 
a tract of land on Tomahim Creek in Charles City Co., devised by Ed- 
ward Brodnax to Betty Brodnax now Betty Monfort, for her life. 
Signed Edward and Betty Montfort. 

Deed, April 15, 1769 from Travis Harwood 

Account of estate of Temple Eppes. deceased, with Henrietta 
Maria Eppes; an item is for board of Lewellin Eppes 1767-1769, and 
another for the board of an infant. 

Deed, July 7, 1769, from William Hill and Mary his wife, of Wil- 
liamsburg, to Charles Jeffrey Smith, Master of Arts, of Long Island, 
N. Y., conveying 1700 acres in Charles City. 

Deed, Aug. 12, 1769 from William Byrd of Westover, to Joseph 
Farrell and William Jones of Bristol [This is a deed conveying many 
slaves, and all the silver plate at Westover to secure debts. An abstract 
of this deed was printed in this magazine IX, 81, 82]. 

Deed, June 8, 1773, between Rebecca Cocke of Charles City Co., 
James Bray Johnson of James City Co., and Rebecca Hubbard Cocke 
of Charles City Co., being a marriage Contract between the said Reb- 
ecca Cocke and J. B. Johnson. 


June 2, 1754, William and Littleberry Hardyman, justices: 

Travis Harwood, infant orphan of Samuel Harwood chose John 
Jacob Dainzee his guardian. 

August 1, 1754, William Edloe, Captain, and George Minge, lieu- 
tenant, qualified as militia officers. 

Petition of William Brodnax, administrator with will annexed, 
of Edward Brodnax , deceased. 

(P. 139) John Edloe, Major, and Littleberry Cocke, Captain, qual- 
ified as militia officers. 


Inventory of estate of Richard Cocke, deceased, presented by 
Alice Cocke. 

Nov. 5, 1755. Philip Edmondson appointed guardian of William, 
Richard and Mary, orphans of William Cole, deceased 

(P. 2) John Stith qualified as lieutenant Colonel of Militia. 
Inventory of Joseph Harwood, deceased, filed. 
Will of Major Samuel Harwood proved by the confession of his 
son Samuel Harwood, Jr., to have been burnt and destroyed by said 
S. H. Jr., since his father's death. 

June 1737. 
Present : Henry Soane, Francis Hardyman, Benjamin Harrison, 
Samuel Harwood, Jr., and James Eppes, justices. 
Deed from James Barret and Sarah his wife. 

Will of Littleberry Eppes presented for probate by his executor 
Thomas Eppes. 

Deed from Jones Stokes. 

Mary, relict of Edward Cocke, deceased, came into Court and 
made oath that he died intestate. 

After taking the depositions of Samuel Harwood the eldest, and 
Samuel Harwood son of Thomas Harwood, the Court ordered that 
Samuel Harwood son and heir of Major Samuel Harwood, deceased, 
bring into Court the last will of the decedant. 

Suit, John Ravenscroft vs Richard Holland. 

Suit, Richard Holland vs Richard Kennon, administrator of Joseph 
Harwood, deceased. 

July 1737. 
Samuel Harwood the eldest and Samuel Harwood Jr. , son of Thom- 
as Harwood, deceased, being summoned by a former order to disclose 
what they knew of the will of Major Samuel Harwood, deceased, Samuel 
Harwood, the son and heir of the deceased, produces a writing which he 
makes oath is the memorandum of the will. 

August 1737. 
Francis Dancey, Justice. 
Edward Pegram, a youth resident in the covmty. 

October 1737. 
John Williams, John Mingo are appointed justices. Captain Sam- 
uel Harwood, Jr., appointed sheriff. 

John Eppes, son amd orphan of John and Tabitha Eppes, deceased, 
chose Col. B. Harrison, his guardian. 

April 1740. 
Edmund Eppes, Captain, qualified as a militia officer, and Edmund 
Eppes and Francis Dancey qualified as justices. 

Will of James Eppes, proved by Edmund Eppes, executor. 

May 1740. 
Samuel Harwood, and Samuel Harwood, Jr., justices. 
Inventory of John Eppes, deceased, recorded. 


June 1740. 
Captain Samurl Harwood, of Toryham, appointed to take the 
tithables in Wilmington precinct. 

July 1740. 
Will of Henry Edloe presented by James Edloe, executor. 

August 1740. 
Petition of John Donaldson for administration on the estate of 
Thomas Gressit. 

Stephen Dewey "His Maj. Attorney General for this County." 
Edward Terrill presented for not going to church. 

July 1741. 
Suit, Robert Poythress and Robert and Thomas Poythress, ex- 
ecutors of Joshua Poythress, deceased, ts Benjamin Harrison. 
August 1741. 
Edmund Eppes produces a commission from Hon. James Blair, 
President, to be captain of a troop of horse, and qualifies. 
David Stokes qualifies as Captain of foot. 

William Irby qualifies as Captain and Richard Walton as Ensign. 
Francis Dancey produces a commission from Hon. James Blair, 
Esq. to be sheriflF and qualifies. 

The will of Francis Hardyman proved by Richard Kennon and 
David Stokes, two of the executors (A Francis Hardyman had been fore- 
man of a jury at this term of Court). 

Nov. 1741. 
Deposition of Abraham Archer, of York Co., aged about 49. 

Dec. 1741. 
Deed from Mr. Samuel Harwood, Jr., of Weyanoke, and consent 
of his wife Agnes. 

Feb. 1741 [Old Style! 
On the motion of John Hardyman he is appointed guardian to his 
brother Littlebury Hardyman, orphan of Famcis Hardyman, deceased. 
March 1741. 
The last will of Col. Drury Stith proved by Susanna and William 
Stith, two of the executors. 

Jane Hardyman appointed guardian of her two children James and 
Martha Hardyman children of her deceased husband, Francis Hardy- 

April 1742. 
Will of Peter Talbot proved. 

May 1742. 
George Baskervylle, Francis and John Hardyman, &c. on grand 

June 1742. 
Jane Hardyman summoned to produce a fuller accoimt of the estate 
of John Cross, her former husband. 

(to be continued.) 


Richard C. Anderson. 

In the Virginia Magazine Vol. XX, No. 2, April 1912, p. 191, it is 
made to appear that Richard C. Anderson was Major in the 6th Virginia 
Feb. 10, 1778. 

He never was in the sixth. 

"Department of State, 

Washington, D. C. 

Richard C. Anderson, Captain Commanding 5th Regiment 2d, 
June, 1778," W. Hunter, 2d Assist. Sec'y- Commission (which Heitman 
says he saw) Richard C. Anderson, Major 1st Va. to date from Feb. 10, 
1778, issued at Philadelphia 20th March 1779, by His Ex'cy John Jay. 

He went into the 1st Virginia and remained as a Major of the 1st 
until after the war (having for a few weeks obtained permission to be Ad- 
jutant-General for General Nelson) — Edward L. Anderson. 

Virginia Soldiers in the Revolution. 

It is again a subject of regret that pressure of other work compels 
Messrs Flagg and Waters to postpone their next instalment to the April 

Poindexter— Jones. 

In vol. XX No. 2. April 1912, this Mag. p. 222, last paragraph is 
found "Thomas Poindexter, justice of Louisa county, 1766, married Lucy, 

daughter of Gabriel Jones, 'the Valley Lawyer,' and had issue: 1, 

John, 2. Thomas, bom 1760, 3. Gabriel, born 1758." 

I have seen a number of publications giving a brief sketch of this 
Gabriel Jones, and naming his children, but I have never before read 
that he had a daughter named Lucy. It would have been impossible for 
a daughter of his to have been a mother in 1758 or in 1760, for the reason 
that he did not marry until 1749. (see Publications Southern History 
Association vol. II No. 2. April 1898, pp. 157-158; Buckncrs of Virginia 
and allied families of Strother and Ashby, by Crozier, pp. 222-223. 

Margaret Strother, daughter of William StrotherS (Wm.^, Wm. 0. 
and Margaret Watts, married first, George Mason, April 6, 1744, (see 
Overwharton Parish Register, Stafford County), married second, Gab- 
riel Jones, "The Valley Lawyer," Oct. 6, 1749. (see Annals of Augusta 
County, Va., by James A. Waddell, Supplement 1888. pp. 392-3.) 

There were several different Gabriel Joneses in Virginia during the 
lifetime of "The Valley Lawyer." Capt. Gabriel Jones lived in Culpcper 
county where he died in 1777, testate, and I have just received from the 
records at Culpeper C. H., a brief abstract of his will as follows 


Will Book 'B' pp. 229-230, will of Gabriel Jones, date, 
3rd. Sept. 1776, Mentions Ann Waller as grandmother of Arm 
Jones, his daughter. If said Ann dies without issue her part 
to be divided between my living wife and four children," — 
Robert, Gabriel, Francis Slaughter, Mary. "In case all 
die without issue I desire the same may goe Descend & be 
Divided amongst my four sisters, Lucy Poindexter, Betty 
Green, Jane Gray, and Dorothy Johnston." (signed) "Gab- 
riel Jones (L. S.)" 

"Witnesses, B. Johnston, Wm. Hawkins, Jr., Robt. 
Gaines, Proven Oct. 20, 1777." (see Notes on Culpeper County, 
Va., by Green, Part II. p. 51.) 

For history of this Jones Family, by Judge John W. Jones, see 
same book. Part II. pp. 89-94. 

An honorable descendant of this Jones family was the late Judge 
Wm. C. Jones of St. Louis, Mo., who for many years was my warm per- 
sonal friend. 

Henry Strother, 

Ft. Smith, Arkansas. 

Prince Edward County tn the French War. 

John Morton, Gentleman, who was in the late war between Great 
Britain and France a Lieutenant in the company of volunteers. By order 
from Governor Dinwiddie joined Major Andrew Lewis' detachment from 
the first Virginia Regiment of Regulars raised in the then Colony now 
Commonwealth, came into Court and made oath that he was an inhab- 
itant of Virginia, and that he served in the office aforesaid, and that this 
is the first time of his making claim to lands under the King of Great 
Britain's Proclamation of October 1763, or obtaining a certificate there- 
for, and that during his continuance in the service he was governed by 
the Articles of War which governed regular soldiers and received pay as 
of Lieutenant of Regulars. Ordered that the same be certified. 

Thomas Morton, 2nd Lieutenant in same service, made oath to 
the same as above. Ordered that the same be certified. 

Alexander Le Grand, a sergeant in same service, made oath to the 
same as above. Ordered that the same be certified. 

Richard Foster, a private in the (Company) commanded by Cap- 
tain Samuel Overton, proved in open court that he is a native of Virginia, 
that he continued in the service during the time of his enlistment and 
that this is the first time of making claim to lands under the King of 
Great Britain's Proclamation of October 1763 before any court of record 
or of obtaining a certificate, therefore ordered that the same be certified. 

Henry Pigg, a private in the Second Virginia Regiment, made 
oath, &c. &c. 


Joseph Truman, a private in Captain Obediah Woodson's Company 
of Vulunteers, came into Court and made oath, &c. &c. Order Book, 
Prince Edward County, January Court, 1780, P. 67. 

Freeman Lewelling, John Gaulding, Charles Howell, James Fos- 
ter, privates in the command of the late Honble William Byrd, Esqr., 
assign their rights to lands (under the proclamation or the King of Great 
Britain, October 1763), to Robert Goode Gent. 

Jeremiah Penix (Penick) heir at law of Edward Penix, private under 
the command of the late Honble William Byrd, Esquire, assigns his 
right to his brother's land, under proclamation of October 1763, to 
Robert Goode. Order Book, Prince Edward County, February Court, 
1780, p. 68. 

Declarations of : Jonathan Smith, 1st Lieutenant, John Petty, 
[?1, and Bryant Mc Dearmonroe, privates in the command of the late 
Colonel Byrd; Samuel Burton, private, in Colonel Washington's com- 
mand; William Carter, Ezekiel Hendrick, Hezekiah Coleman, Daniel 
Murray, John Smith, John Tibbs, privates. Colonel Byrd's Command. 
Order Book, Prince Edward County, March Court 1780, p. 69. 

Declarations of Philemon Hawkins, soldier in the command of the 
late Colonel Byrd; and of Charles Hcrvey, command of Major Andrew 
Lewis, in the year 1755, Order Book, Prince Edward County, April Court 
1780 and May Court, 1780. p. 73 and p. 77. 

[John Morton and Thomas Morton were relations, possibly bro- 
thers. For John Morton's services id the Revolution, see Magazine, 
XVn, 305. Richard Foster and John Morton were Charter trustees of 
Hampden Sidney College in 1783. In 1780 Richard Foster was chosen a 
vestryman of St. Patrick's parish, Prince Edward County. John Gauld- 
ing, or one of his name, is still remembered in Prince Edward County — 
there is a jungle on Little Buffalo Creek that the old inhabitants cal 

Alfred J. Morrison. 


[After the treaty between the United States and Great Britian 
which authorized them, many suits were brought in the U. S. Courts by 
citizens of Great Britain against citizens of the United States to recover 
pre-Revolutionary debts. Many of these appear in the old records of 
the United States Courts at Richmond and the papers recorded in the 
various cases contain much matter of interest. The letters which fol- 
low, down to the letter of Edmund Pendleton are copied from the record 
of a suit against the estate of Col. John Baylor, of "Newmarket", Caro- 


line Co. It is evident that, when copied into the record, portions of 
the letters had become illegible. The Pendleton and Frere letters were 
furnished by the late A. G. Baylor. 

Col. John Baylor was bom May 12, 1705, and died April 16, 1772. 
He was educated at Putney Grammar School and Caius College, Cam- 
bridge; married Frances, daughter of Jacob Walker, and had (with 
other issue) a son, John, bom Sept. 4, 1750, and died Feb. 5, 1808. He 
married Nov. 8, 1778, It St. Olave, Hart Street, London, Frances, daugh- 
ter of John Norton, of Gould Square, London. Like his father he was 
educated at Putney and Caius. The relationship to the Freres was 
through John Norton's mother. 

Col. Baylor, the elder, lived in a manner which, followed by the 
troubled times of Revolution, hopelessly involved his estate. His son 
on his return to Virginia had to sell much property. The famous Fear- 
nought was only one of many horses imported by John Baylor, Sr. 

A genealogy of the family was published in this Magazine VI, 


Virginia New-Market 

25. May 1770 
My dearest Johnny, 

By Mr. Morse I rec'd yr. very kind & dutiful letter 
and I make no Doubt it would be very agreeable to you to hear oftener 
from me, but when I consider you hear often from yr dear daddy & well 
know what a scribe I am [illegible] will excuse it. 

I often read yrs. to Mr. Baylor [illegible] greatly to find what an 
Improvement you [illegible] made in yr studies and could I but see you 
now & [illegible] and should be heartily satisfied but when I consider 

5 years absence without a single glance it almost distracts 

me but my dear child hope to God all will be for the best. 

If you are to be away I highly approve of yr. going to Cambridge 
The most renowned Seminary of learning in all England. 

My dear it does give me more Pleasure to hear of yr health which 
God of his infinite mercy continue than I can express. 

I have by several appor's. heard that yr. affected side is much 
amended for which God of his infinite mercy be praised. 

I am extremely sorry you have been disappointed in not getting 
the fine choice hams, cyder old brandy and fine Maderia which were 
packed up & sent to Ayletts Warehouse for you — you may depend upon 
a nother attempt this year. 

Pray finish your education, my dear as soon as possible for we 
all cannot bear any longer without seeing you. 

I shall write again by Capt. Robertson. We caught a great many- 
redd and Mock'g Birds but by one accident or other lost them all. 


The whole Family desire to be remembered to you though none 
more so than my dear Johnny yr. most tender & aflfec'e 


Frances Baylor 

From Col. Baylor, 

Virginia 18 July 1764 
Mr. John Backhouse, 

By Capt. Quincey I rec'd yrs. covering acct, sales 
and Invoice of goods with which I am highly pleased also very fine horse 
Fearnought who is much admired by every gentleman that he is a very 
great Bargain & had he arrived one month sooner would have been much 
more so. Upon the whole I acknowledge myself much obliged to Mr. 
Hales and yourself for yr excellent choice ***** By Capt. Quincey 
I send you forty and by Clarke ten hhds. of choice heavy stem'd Tobacco 
which I am in hopes you will think a large remittance notwithstanding 
I have and shall be oblig'd to draw some Bills on them one to Mr. James 
Bowie for £100 and 1 to Capt. Quincey for £40. Will you not be aston- 
ished when I tell you that I have £3,000 due to me in this country and 
am oblig'd to draw on you for which reason I am determined to sell most 
of my Horses, Mares, & Colts of which I have the same value and turn 
them into slaves— as there is no getting cash here for anything else but 
Bills of Ex's 

Poor Virg'a what art thou come to? and held in 

derision by the merchants of Great Britain, particularly those of the 
Metropolis and the Factors of Glasgow. Surely this will open the eyes 
of my dear countrymen and make them more frugal for the future. * ♦ * 

I am sorry to trouble you but must begg (in case of an acct. to 
the Ma'h* [Ship Marlborough] which God forbid) you will "be kind 
eneough to send a duplicate of my acct. of sales & Invoice by Clarke 
that I may know my fate. 

Let me entreat you to lend a gracious ear to my Petition in be- 
half of my dear Friend Col'o B. Moore * * * *You may depend my as- 
sistance shall never be wanting towards the dispatch of yr. ships & 
perhaps much greater than you expect in a year or two as we do rise 
though slowly every year. 

Be so good as to give me yr. opinion of Hemp & Bar Iron not on 
my own acct but for my friend Col. Moore 

Yours J. B. 

The following order is attached to this letter. 

3 " 4'D nails. 4 pr. girls shoes for 7 years old 

10 " lO'D " 2 " Morocco shoes 

16 " 8'D " The same for one of 5 " " 


3 ' 

" 20'D « 

6 prs. 

boys steel buckles 


« 4>D « 



" 8'D « 


« lo'D " 


« 20'D « 


yds best white Plums 



« « « 

550 Midg cotton 

From John Parke Custis to Col. Baylor 

Abingdon Aug 15th 1752 

Dear Colo. 

You will confer a particular favour on me by furnishing me 
with a small quantity of clover seed 

If I am not mistaken you once informed me you grew a good deal 
of red clover and offered me seed. ****** 

I will thank you for the quantity generally allowed to an acre of 
good land. 

Mrs. Custis presents her compts to yourself and joins with me in 
presenting them to Mrs. Baylor. 

I am Dr Colo, your affect friend and 
very obdt servt 

J. P. Custis. 

From Col. Baylor 

Mr. Sam'l Waterman 

Virginia Sept. 4th 1765 

Virginia Sept. 4th 1765 


By Capt Teason I rec'd yrs. accompa'g an- 
other fine Mare from Mr. Hodghkins to whom I shall write fully on that 
head, he has very industriously and with great pains collected me full 
satisfaction relative to the mare you so kindly sent me * * * 

Could you believe that Mr. Backhouse has render'd me sales 
£5 per hhd. more for Tob's made on the same Plantations than Mr. 
Cary and indeed db'le to one of my particular Friends. 
How comes it about that London the Publick Mart of the whole World 
should fall so short of Liverpool. 

I am not unacquainted that you have large consignments of Tob- 
'os & yr. modest refusal in making application to me endears me the 
more to you & shall I keep the mare shall make you a proper Remit- 
tance in choice stem'd Tob'os & the more readily when I call to mind 


what our good secretary has inform 'd me that mine & my Father's 
par'r Friend Mr. Haswell was yr. uncle & whose Memory I shall always 
revere, I am Sir most respectfully 

Yr. much oblig'd & Hble serv't 

J. B. 

From Col Baylor 

Virginia Aug't ye 28 1761 
Mr. John Backhouse 


My last was by Captain Twentyman in which 
I made a very small add'n to my Invoice & then wrote you that I should 
shortly take a view of my mountain crop from whence I am just returned 
highly delighted with the pleasing prospect of an ex-ty fine crop so much 
indeed that it has enbolden'd me provided Quincey gets home safe and 
there should be a peace this Fall to try once more for an Ex'y fine 
Horse to cross the Breed of Shock [and ?] Sober John which I can sell to 
advantage & have for that purpose selected a few out of the Horse Race 
list one of which I should choose — provided he is at least 15h high — a 
good Bay strong & beautiful «fe high spirited (Here follows a list of 
horses) 4th Mr. Keeps Genesis * ♦ * * He has a fowl sinew & as such 
perhaps might be had under 200 — I should be fond of him. ****** 
With your appr'l I would stretch to the tune cf £400. for an extraordi- 
nary one ***** 

Should you think fitt to grant me this further indulgence it shall 
be everlastingly imprinted in my memory & as we are likely to have a 
great crop permit me to advise you to have the Malborough here early 
in March & let me entreat you whether it brings a horse or not to have 
her as early as possible 

I am y'rs 

J. B. 

P. S. 

I have wrote 
to Mr. T Hales 

From Col Baylor, 

Mr. John Norton, 

Virginia Aug. 14 1765 

Dear Sir, 

By Capt. Hooper I rec'd yrs & am much 
obliged to you for the trouble you have taken ab'ot Hemp- & Peach 
Brandy but mention nothing of the Duty & neat Price of the latter of 
which I shall this year make about 7 or 8 hu'd Galls & in 3 years expect 
to d'ble it. Excuse me from answering Jths of your long letter relating 
to Trade interest & c. You well know the great aversion I allways had 
not only to that but also to writing of any sort. 


Capt. Hooper will deliver you with this four hh'ds of steme'd 
Tob'o & observing the great & frequent congregation of weavers ab't 
Westminister should be very of one were I not so deeply in yr debt 

* * * I shall leave it to your choice * * * 

* * * * which he wrote me he would doe in a few weeks after you left 
poor Virg'a The downfall of which seems to me at no great distance un- 
less Manufactories & Hemp added to the greatest Frugality & Industry 
can save us. 

We all join very sincerely in giving you & y'rs. joy of your safe 
arrival in London & you & my Dear Sister all imaginable joy of yr. fine 
Boy which with oilr Loves to you all 

Dr Sir y'rs. 

J. B. 

From John Baylor to his Father Col. Baylor 


Feb'y 16 1770 
Hon'd Sir, 

It is with infinite pleasure I acquaint you that I am in hopes 
to succeed in my present intentions, it being the advice of my Friends 
when I am settled & which I hope will be in a short Time will give you 
[illegible] information on that Head. 

Mr. Morse has been kind eneough to promise that he would de- 
liver this letter safe to you as it wou'd be a kind of introduction to him 
in our Fami.y which he seems to be fond of, and doubt not but he will 
comply with his promise. 

By Capt. Fox I have wrote you a long Letter which I hope will 
be agreeable in every respect, it chiefly concerned the future Plan of 
my Education and doubt not but you will take it into proper considera- 

The taxes will be repealed except that of the Tea. 

I have nothing more to say at present worth relating. 

My Duty to my Mother, Uncle & Avint Burwell. Love to my 
Brothers & sisters. 

I remain dear Father 

Your most Dutiful Son 
pr favor of Mr. Morse John Baylor 

From Edmtmd Pendleton to Col. Baylor 

Feb. 4, 1772. 
Dr. Sir, 

As I thought you had a good stock of wine, I supposed th^t 
article had slipt into yr letter by mistake & exam' the messenger he 
s'd you had bottled wine & desired if I could not send any wine both 
juggs might be filled with Rimi — From hence I concluded you wanted 
some common wine for ordinary use to save yr good & as I have none 


but a little in bottles, I send both juggs in Rum of a little that is left of 
my old Rum. I have spared you the small jugg for your own use, the 
other is not bad, but not quite so mellow. 

If the boy is mistaken about the wine and you are out I will share 
my small parcel with you rather than you shall suffer. I should have 
set off for the Assembly to day if the weather had been tolerable and shall 
go as soon as I think I can travel with a degree of safety. 

The General business of the country and not any particular oc- 
casion calls us to-gether & I suppose the General Court will terminate 
our sitting, but I propose if well to visit my family about the 1st of 

I wish you sincerely a better state of health & amDr. Sr. yr affect- 

Edm'd Pendleton. 

(Below see copy of an old letter which I got some years ago from Aunt 
Jane Clayton's in Chesterfield Co, near Richmond Va. and it is from 
this sourse I have succeeded in renewing the acquaintance of some of our 
English relatives by letter after a lapse of nearly eighty or a hundred 
years. I have heard that there was a letter grom Miss Susan Frere 
written from Gibraltar to some one of the New-Market family about 
1830 but that so far as was remembered no one answered it. 

A. G. Baylor) 

(To be Continued) 



Compiled by W. B. Chilton, Washington, D. C. 
Transcript from Record of Trinity Parish, Charles County, Maryland. 

Robert Brent and Mary Wharton was (sic) united in the holy 
Estate of Matrimony, May 6, 1729. 

Mary Brent, Daughter of Robert Brent and Mary his wife was 
bom September the 1st, 1731. 

Robert Brent, Son of the aforesaid Robert and Mary Brent was 
bom May the 6th, 1734. 

Jane Brent, Daughter of the aforesaid Robert and Mary Brent 
was born January 2d, 1736. 

George Brent, Son of the aforesaid Robert and Mary Brent was 
bom May the 3d, 1737. 

Susanna Brent, Daughter of the aforesaid Robert and Mary Brent 
was born January the 2d, 1739. 

Elizabeth Brent, Daughter of the afores'd Robert and Mary 
Brent was born March the 4th, 1740. 

Nicholas Brent, Son of the aforesa'd Robert and Mary Brent was 
born November the 1st, 1741. 

Francis Brent, Son of the afores'd Robert and Mary Brent was 
born July the 7th, 1745. 

Deaths : 

George Brent, Departed this life Deer. 16th, 1754. 
Francis Brent, Departed this life Dec. 17th, 1745. 
Susanna Brent, Departed this life, March 4, 1739. 
Elizabeth Brent, Departed this life Oct'r 17th, 1740. 
Nicholas Brent, Departed this life Aug. 1, 1744. ( ) 

Gen. Joseph Lancaster Brent. 

Son of Wm. Leigh Brent and Maria Fenwick. B. Charles County, 
Maryland Nov. 30, 1826, Educated at Georgetown College where he 
he studied law. practised in Louisiana, and thence removed to 
Los Angeles, Cal. and practised there. Served two terms in the 
California legislature; he returned to Baltimore at the J breaking 
out of the war and entered the Confederate Army as Major. Rendered 
gallant service and was promoted first to Colonel, then Brigadeer Gen- 
eral. At the close of the war he returned to the practise of the law in 



Baltimore in partnership with his brother Hon. Robert James Brent. 
In 1870 he married Rosella, yovmgest daughter of Hon. Dtincan Farrar 
Kenner, and his wife Nanie Bringier, dau. of Michael Douradon Brin- 
gier, and shortly afterwards removed to Louisiana and assumed the 
management of large estates in which his wife was interested — Served 
two terms in the Louisiana legislature and was President of the State 
Agricultural Society. 

After his return to Maryland, about 1887, he was made deputy gov 
emor general from Maryland of the Society of Colonial wars and Presi- 
dent of the Maryland Sons of the American Revolution — Died at Balti- 
more Nov. 27, 1905 leaving his widow and two children, Dtmcan Kenner 
Brent, a lawyer in Baltimore and Miss Nanine Brent.. 

He was noted for his modesty, his gentleness, his purity of char- 
acter and his devotion to duty. 

Vivian Brent. 

Vivian Brent youngest son of William Leigh and Maria Fenwick 
Brent was bom at Pamonkey the old Fenwick estate in Charles County, 
Maryland on the 22d of March 1831. When young he went to Lousiana 
with his parents, and later was sent to Georgetown College for his ed- 
ucation. In 1849 he entered the law office of his distinguished brother 
Robert James Brent in Baltimore. He practised law in Baltimore and 
in Charles Cotmty, Maryland. Was editor of the Southern Maryland 
Independent and took a prominent part in politics, being a member of 
the Constitutional Convention called soon after the war. In 1882 Mr. 
Brent was appointed by President Cleveland as Assistant Attorney in 
the Interior Department and thereafter made his home in Washington. 
In 1888 he was offered but declined an appointment as Territorial Judge 
of Utah, on which occasion he received a flattering testimonial from 
Mr. Justice Lamar. 

Mr. Brent married in 1857 Josephine, daughter of Col. William D. 
Merrick, U. S. Senator from Maryland. Their children died in infancy. 
Perhaps to this fact can be traced the devotion that existed between 
Judge Brent and his niece Josephine Brent Merrick, the constant com- 
panion of his later years. 

He died at Hammond Court, his home in Georgetown, D. C, 
June 28, 1906. 

(to be continued.) 


Since the publication of the account of Robert Beverley, of "Bland- 
field" (XX, 332) several copies of old letters sent to the Historical So 


ciety a number of years ago have been examined. These Copies were 
sent by Mr. R. M. Fowler, of London, England, who had inherited them 
from R. McKenzie Beverley, of Yorkshire, the last male descendant of 
William Beverley (son of Robert, of "Blandfield") who settled in Eng- 
land. These letters show that Robert Beverley of "Blandfield," was 
educated at Wakefield School, Yorkshire and, probably, at Trinity 
College, Cambridge. The following letter is addressed to Beilby Por- 
teus. Bishop of Chester & London, whose parents were Virginians. 
The Nelson referred to was Thomas Nelson, signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. McKenzie was probably Robert McKenzie, formerly 
of Virginia, and a Captain in Washington's regiment in the French and 
Indian War, who became an officer in the English army and was wounded 
at Bunker Hill. A Virginian writing shortly after battle seems to be 
pleased by the fact that "Bob McKenzie" had been hit — no doubt be- 
cause he thought he was on the wrong side. 

Robt Beverley named two sons after his friends McKenzie and 

My lord 

Through the channel of our common friend Mackenzie I have 
frequently had the pleasure of hearing of your welfare, & of the civilities 
you have shewn my son. I have at the request of my friend Mr. Brad- 
shaw of Daug in Lancashire, formerly of Trinity sent my second son to 
his care & patronage — He is situated by the recommendation of Dr. 
Can under a Mr. Andrews at Highgate much to his satisfaction — Both 
my sons will, I hope, make more of the opportunities thrown in their 
way, than their father did — As we grow old, we discover our youthful 
follies, but not being able to remedy them, nothing is left us but to lament 
we did not think otherwise, & to beg our chilren to observe greater cir- 
cumspection in the days of their youth — 

Yr former pupil Nelson is well; he continues to be the same gen- 
erous, benevolent man as when you knew him, & is as well as myself, 
the father of a very large family. 

Having proceeded thus far, I must take the liberty of introduc- 
ing a subject of another nature, in w'h I wish to interest you in behalf 
of a gentleman, whose honor, probity, politeness & understanding hath 
rendered him for a length of years one of my most valuable friends — 
this gentlemans name is Power, a native of this Country, but ed- 
ucated with me for some years at Wakefield in Yorkshire — After his re. 
turn to Virginia, he applied himself to the law, &, before the war practised 
at the bar with very considerable applause & success — The stoppage 
of the courts of justice & the continuance of the war at once cut off his 
resources, & he was thereby induced to accept of an agency in the pur- 
chase & adjustment of two estates in London & Devonshire — Since the 
peace took place our legislature hath thouglit proper to make a discrim- 
ination between those citizens who left us during the progress of the war. 


& those, who remained here — This is necessarily an impediment to Mr. 
Power's return, &. deprives him at once of those opportunities, w'h his 
abilities & connexions here induced him to calculate upon. I must there- 
fore request you, if it lies in your way, to assist in procuring some civil 
appointment for him — He will himself explain the particulars, & in so 
doing, you will serve a worthy man, & confer a lasting obligation 
on, My dear Lord, 

Your Lordships most obed't 
Robert Beverley 
Blandfield Virginia 25 Nov. 1784. 

This letter is addressed as follows 

Right rev'd Beilby Porteus Bishop of Chester — 

There is a memorandum on the back in M'r R. M. Beverley's wiiting. 
N. B. This letter proves that R. Beverley 
father of W. Beverley was educated at 
Wakefield. Yorkshire. 

The other letters are to his son William. 

A copy of a letter from Robert Beverley to William Beverley — 
The first sheet is, lost. 

in no degree, be compared to the base servility which history records 
in the days of the worst Roman Emperors, but are perfectly consonant to 
the primitive spirit of Belgic republicanism & equality. As to the gen- 
eral bent of our politics, I flatter myself they will continue to tend to 
peace, arts, manufactures & commerce, from the cultivation of which 
only we can expect to flourish — 

Reports say that G. B. is again entering on war — surely they are 
a strange people who must eternally under the idea of a balance of power 
& the protection of commerce, be interfering in the politics of every 
nation on earth — I profess not to be an adept in politics, but if the Brit- 
ish nation should spend as much money in making peace between Russia 
& Turkey, as she did on the Nootka Soimd business, Mr Pitts name will 
not stand very high in the page of futurity — 

In my last I informed you that my boot legs are not yet come to hand — 
The encyclopedia has at length gotten Mr Mitchell's trunk as far as 
Rosegill; in a month, I may expect to get them — I must request you will 
procure the saddles mentioned in my last as soon as you can, & least my 
former order should miscarry, I now repeat it, viz. 

a saddle of the best & plainest sort for myself — the top skirt short, & 
the lower one long, sufficiently so, to obviate every inconvenience arising 
from the sweat of the horse in the hot weather — the padding to be thick 
& within one inch of the lowest part of the skirt — polished steel stirrups 
& neat plain bridle with steel bits — a good portmanteau saddle & pillion 


for Harry, with skirts & padding similar to mine — spare paddings & 
girths to each saddle — with wollen saddle cloths — Let them be sent by 
the first opportunity to this river, or Norfolk, with duplicate bills of 
lading — if by the way of Norfolk, to the care of Mr John Cranberry, 
Mr Andersons correspondent there. These saddles to be made precisely 
as yours were only that the underskirt & paddings must be somewhat 
longer — 

In one of my former letters I requested you would take in a paper, 
w'h contains the most foreign & domestic news — the parliamentary 
debates engross so much of some of them, as not to suit my purpose, as 
I do not find myself much interested in them — 

Present my most affectionate wishes to Mackenzie & Robinson, 
to the last of whom I will write by Flynn, & assure yourself 
that I am, dear William, 

Very sincerely yours 

Robert Beverley 
Blandfield 15th June 1791 

This letter is addressed as follows 
Mr William Beverley 

No. 2. 
Hare Court Dover 

Temple Ship L're 

Per Boyd / 
Capt. Boyd\ 

Copy of a letter from Robert Beverley to William Beverley 
There is no envelope or endorsenent. 

My dear William 

My last letter of June was written in answer to yours of jan. 1st 
relative to the provision I have promised you, & I flatter myself, upon 
the receipt of it, both you & your wife will be more at ease, for I can 
with truth assure you, that it is my wish you should be so — Our friend 
Bradshaw, in mentioning the frequent miscarriages, laments you not hav- 
ing a child live bom, as all your wife's fortune would go from you — this 
was a circumstance, w'h I was not apprized of before, nor indeed have 
I ever been able to guess at the size or situation of that fortune — some- 
times I have been led to believe, from reports, that it was such as would 
enable you to enjoy every convenience & comfort. Be that as it may, 
I should hope your wife will make every provision for you, which she can 
have in her power. 

We have had infinitely the wettest summer ever known, & all the 
wheat, below the falls of every river, is so much injured both in quantity 
& quality, as to curtail more than half our hopes — In Culpeper, where 
it was put into the ground in proper time, it will be better than usual, 


but unfortunately my best overseer, from the circumstance of his hav- 
ing a good crop of tob'o, was too late, consequently his wheat yields 
nothing — the wet weather too is unfavourable to tob'o, but has given 
us the best crops of com ever known. I am just returned from Cul- 
peper, where I am pleased to find your brother Robert is devoted to 
the improvement of his property, is become quite economi'^al, & seems 
quite as much pleased with retirement as I am — his establishment is 
small, but, with frugality, will give him all the decencies of life; & when 
a young man has determined to create a family, they are as much as 
anybody here has a title to expect — 

I have sent a cask containing eight very fine hams, w'h are as 
many as the captain would undertake to deliver, because both M'r 
Wormeley & M'r Grymes have some on board, & therefore it would not 
be practicable to land a greater quantity: & I have often heard you say 
they were not worth the duty — if you be of another opinion at this time, 
you will say so, & you shall be better supplied — Your mother sends you 
some sweetmeats, & I could make you a present of peach brandy, would 
the captains undertake to land it, or you should think it worth the duty — 
our excises have run the price here up to two dollars p'r gallon in the 
stores — 

Sometime ago I sent an old shoe to the care of M'r Backhouse, 
which, he said, he should forward to M'r Anderson, & I then requested 
you would send me a few pairs according to the instructions contained 
in the shoe — those you sent last were too wide — I also requested a coat 
& four summer waistcoats, which, as they are not yet made I beg may 
be lined with linen — you know I wish for everything cheap & plain — 
I now send to the care of Messrs Anderson & Co. an old boot; it is an 
inch loo long in the leg, & greatly too large in the ancle — the calf & 
foot are right— I shall thank you for one very thin pair of calfskin boots 
for the summer, & another, not thick, for the winter — they are both to 
be double vamped, with turn down tops, not sewed, a loop behind for 
a garter — the leather to be perfectly soft & neatly made — two sets of 
spur leathers, which are not to be stuffed. M'r Anderson will pay you— 

Our politics have undergone no revolution since my last, unless, 
perhaps, the violent or factious party may not have increased. Should 
M'r Jay's embassy be successful I shall hope that our government may 
acquire a little stability— The government of G. B. seems to have or, 
possibly, to take more energy, than I once thought it possessed — Riot 
& insurrection seem to bow their heads; Priestleys excursion hither, & 
the frequent remittances to Botany Bay may compose the minds of the 
people, although I am of opinion that the absurdity of M'r Pitts politics 
in continual armaments, & his interference in the politics of the continent 
must give great & just cause for national complaint — So stupid am I, 
that I have never yet been able to penetrate into the greatness of his 
father, or himself — there have been more of vanity ostentation & a 
thirst of power than national benefits — 


As to any occurences, w'h may have fallen in the circle of your 
acquaintance, I leive them to your sisters, & other correspondents, who 
will detail them more exactly than I can. 

Present my love to your wife, & assure yourself that I am most 
sincerely yours 

(signed) Robert Beverley 

Blandfield 22' Aug. 1794. 

Will you enquire of M'r John Page why his brother has not sent my 
annual pipe of red port — it is a disappointment for madeira is now so 
dutied as to suit wjery few purses in this country — 

That my may fit me as well as possible, I have taken a measure 
according to taylors directions, w'h will be found in the leg of the old boot, 
by comparing them both with orders, perhaps they may be made to fit 
me. I likewise beg that you will send me a saddle of the best materials; 
the underskirt to be longer than usual & the padding to extend with 
half an inch of the lowest part of the skirt — & this padding to be very 
thick — I am thus particular, because you must remember how very much 
we are incommoded with sweat in the summer. Plain steel stirrups & 
buckles, no crupper — a bridle with two bitts; no heavy or unnecessary 
work, & the reins not broad. 

I wish to have everything made of the best & plainest materials — 
two flannel saddle cloths. You will recollect that our horses, generally, 
are not so wide upon the withers as in England — six yards of spare girting. 

I should be glad of my boots by the first opportunity, as I am 
much in need of them — 

(to be continued.) 

Sketches of Louisa in Olden Times. 
Number 7. 

As already stated Thomas Poindexter left seven Sons viz.. John, 
James, Robert, Thomas, Richard, Gabriel and George Poindexter. 
His oldest son, John, was born in this county and brought up in the 
clerk's office under the instruction of John Nelson who was appointed 
clerk of the court in 1766, succeeding James Littlepage and held the 
office during the remainder of his life. 

I shall have something more to say of Nelson hereafter. John 
Poindexter entered the clerk's office in 1773 and served under Nelson 
until 1790, when the latter dying, Poindexter was elected in his place by 
the Justices composing the County Court. 

During his service in the clerk's office other young men were 
with him learning the business of clerks, among them (though much 


older) was Mr. John Timberlake, the first clerk of Fluvanna (1777,) 
who held the office between thirty and forty years, and was then suc- 
ceeded by one of his sons. I shall say nothing as to the Timbei lakes 
as their connection with the county so far as the subject of these sketches 
is concerned terminated with Mr. John Timberlake 's connection in the 
clerk's office imder John Nelson. John Poindexter held the office of 
clerk of the County Court of Louisa down to the 28th day of September 
1820 on which day he died. He also held the office of clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court of Law from the formation of that court till his death. For 
this period of thirty years no man acted a more prominent and con- 
spicuous part in all matters relating to the county than John Poindexter. 

The idea prevailed then as it does now that the clerks of the 
courts knew everything in relation to legal proceedings, and hence he 
seems to have prepared wills, deeds etc., to a very great extent, show- 
ing the confidence the people had in him, and as far as the records show 
(and I have no doubt truely) that confidence was never abused by him. 

In 1790 he attached him.^elf to the Baptist church being baptised 
on the 29th of June and was ordained to the ministry in that denomina- 
tion on the 3rd. of February 1792, and was chosen pastor of the Baptist 
Church at "The Roundabout" in April of that year, and continued that 
relation down to at least the 30 of May 1814, and how much longer I am 
unable to say with accuracy. 

The Roundabout church was situated about eight miles south of 
Louisa C. H. It was burned down during the lifetime of John Poindexter 
or soon after his death and has never been rebuilt. Only a few persons 
of this generation recollect where the church stood. 

He served other churches for over a period of twenty-five years, 
but about this I do not purpose to say any thing as his services as a Bap- 
tist Minister are stated in the "Virginia Baptist Ministers." 

He was married three times. His first wife was a Miss Green 
by whom he had only one child, William G. Poindexter, who died many 
years ago leaving descendants; among them the present wife of the Hon. 
A. R. Holladay of Henrico County, Va.. and the late Henry Poindexter 
whom every one in this County well remembers as one of the best in- 
formed, social, genial, and good natured men. He deserves to have a 
better tribute paid him than can be done in these sketches. The writer 
is only saying something in reference to the "Old Time Men." 

John Poindexter's second wife was a Miss Johnson by whom he 
had the following children, viz: Nicholas, John, Thomas. Andrew, 
Waller, Lucy Jones (who died unmarried) and Mary, who married Gar- 
rett M. Quarles. The descendants of this marriage now reside in Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. Two of them have been greatly distinguished 
and have been honored by their respective States filling most important 
offices. Nicholas removed to the State of Kentucky and died there: 
many years ago, leaving children. Among the sons he left was Georgo 
Gilmer Poindexter one of the most promising and rising young men in 


all that Country at the time of his death. Thomas died in Virginia 
leaving children, two sons and a daughter. 

He married a Miss Schooler, near Fredericksburg, Va. Andrew 
died in this County unmarried. Waller was married to a Miss Talley 
of Goochland County, and removed to Kentucky where he died years 
ago, leaving children; their names are not known to me. John is still 
living in Kentucky, now an old man, and if these sketches should fall 
under his eye, he might supply much in reference to the Poindexters 
that the writer has left out for want of accurate information. 

John Poindexter's third wife was Margaret Maer of N. C. to whom 
he was married in 1813, leaving by this marriage one daughter, Mrs. 
F ances E. Thompson who now resides at Louisa Court House. His 
last wife survived him some thirty years and died at the place now 
owned by Mrs. A. W. Talley, in 1850. The writer of these sketches was 
at the fimeral discourse which was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Mylne 
and pronounced by an old college friend who was with him at the time 
to be one of the best discourses he had ever listened to. Mr. Mylne 
and his college friend have both passed away to that "Undiscovered 
Country" (This by the way.) 

Elder John Poindexter, (I will thus call him to distinguish him) 
was a gentleman of the most decided haracter with a strong and vig- 
orous intellect tinctured to a great extent with the prevailing ideas of 
the day as is fully shown by all his writings now extant. 

As a clerk he was a faithful and efficient officer as the records fully 
testify; not however drawn with the same accuracy of expression and 
preciseness as those under Littlepage's administration many years be- 

I take it that his ministerial duties engrossed a good deal of his 
time and that in making up his records he was more impressed with 
the substance than the forms of his entries in the records. 

This can however be said thar the "Records of the Court" under 
this administration would compare very favorably with many of the 
present day in this State. 

During John Poindexter's clerkship the clerk's office for a portion 
of the time was kept at his house which is now the residence of Capt 
Wm. Meade a grandson of Bishop Meade, and known as "Winston Hall". 
Afterwards it was kept at the present residence of A. H. Talley where 
Poindexter lived and died. He removed from "Winston Hall" to this 
place. For several years before the present Courthouse was built (1817) 
the clerk's office was kept in a room of the old jail which I mentioned 
:n a former number as having been burned in (1866) I shall say some- 
thing of tlie brothers of Elder John Poindexter hereafter. 
Copied by A. B. Mitchell, 

Port Royal, Va. 
Feby 25th, 1887. 
(to be continued) 



[This is part of an unpublished and unfinished section of a projected 
book which was to treat of "The Colonial Councillors of Virginia and 
Their Descendants." The biographical portion was nearly completed; 
but the account of the descendants of John Rolfe, the earliest council- 
lor whose descendants can be traced, showed, even though this is not 
complete, that the preparation of the genealogies would be a work which 
would require more time than the compilers could possibly spare. It was 
not proposed to reprint the later generations treated of in well-known 
and reliable works, such, for instance, as those in Robertson's Descend- 
ants of Pocahontas; but to give references to them. The plan also was 
that where one branch of a family was descended, through female lines, 
from one councillor, while another branch could trace, also through 
females, to another, to give the whole family under the earliest 
councillor who appeared. This explains some of the Flemings and 
their descendants, the Webbs, appearing here. Some of the Flemings 
descended from John Rolfe, while others traced through the Randolphs 
to the Pages, who were councillors. In addition there were to be notes 
and addenda in regard to connected families not directly descended from 
any member of the Council] 

Rolfe of Heacham. 

The family of Rolfe was resident from an early date in the County 
of Norfolk, England. The immediate ancestors of John Rolfe lived at 
Hecham near King's Lynn in that County, and the earliest record of the 
direct line is of two brothers, Robert and Eustace Rolfe, who were bom 
at Heacham about 1539. Robert married Margaret Crowe and was an- 
cestor of a prominent family at Lynn, and Eustace Rolfe married at 
Heacham, May 27, 1560, Joanna Jenner. Eustace and Joanna had a son 
John Rolfe, of Heacham, who was bom October 17, 1562. married Doro- 
thea Mason, Sept. 24, 1582, died in 1594, and was buried at Heacham 
Church, December 1st of that year. 

In the Church is a brass with a Latin inscription to this John 
Rolfe. The following is a translation which has been furnished us: 

"John Rolfe, gentleman, of Hitcham, died on the twenty-ninth 
day of November, in the year of our Lord, 1594, in the thirty-second 
year of his age. While he lived he was of much service to his fellows; 
his wish to enrich all his neighbors and kinsfolk by assisting the poor 
with his wealth; nothing could be kinder than he was; he bore the in- 
sults of many men quietly without oflFence; by exporting and importing 
such things as England abounded in or needed, he was of the greatest 
service, inasmuch as he spent both pains and labor upon it. Thus he 
seemed to die as the force of fire is quenched by excess of water. For 


his Strength was unimpaired, nor had he completed many years when 
he died. His death brought grief to many, but he had done nobly upon 
the consciousness of a well spent life, and the record of many benefits 
not allowed to die utterly:" 

John Rolfe had, no doubt, been a successful merchant at Lynn. 

The Heacham register shows that John and Dorothea (Mason) 
Rolfe had, with other issue, 1. Eustace, and 2. John (twins) baptized 
May 6, 1585; 3. Edward, baptized Feb. 22, 1591. There was another 
son, Henry, afterwards a merchant in London and a member of the 
Virginia Company, who is included in a manuscript pedigree mentioned 
by Mrs. Jones in her Old Sandringham. 

The Rolfes of Heacham Hall long remained among the gentry of 
Norfolk. One of them was sheriff of the county about 1760. In 1837 
S. C. E. Neville Rolfe, Esq., who assumed the name and arms, succeeded , 
to the property. The well-known portrait of Pocahontas descended to 
the present time through the Rolfes and their relations in Norfolk. 

Heacham Hall has been in part rebuilt and enlarged, but a con- 
siderable portion of the old house remains and is shown in the accom- 
panying illustration. 

Two English books Old Sandringham, by Mrs. Herbert Jones, and 
The King's Homeland contain interesting notices of Heacham and the 

(to be continued.) 


When the first instalment of this genealogy appeared an exam- 
ination of the records of Richmond and King George Counties appeared 
to show that Thomasi Turner had only one wife, Martha Taliaferro. 
But since this publication of the last instalment Vol. V of the Acts of 
the (English) Privy Council, Colonial Series has been received and 
gives the record of a suit which shows that Thomas Turner married 
twice and also explains his unusually large gifts to a daughter's children. 
On pages 128, 129, under date 1769, is entry of an appeal to the Privy 
Coimcil from Virginia in the suit of Dixon vs. Turner. It is stated that 
Col. Thomas Turner had by his first marriage, two sons Harry and 
Thomas, and by his second, a daughter Sarah who married Edward 
Dixon. Harry married Elizabeth Smith and died in 1751 leaving an 
only child Thomas. His (Harry's) brother, Thomas Turner the younger, 


died intestate in 1747, leaving a son Harry and a daughter Sally who 
married Walker Taliaferro. The record also states that Mrs. Elizabeth 
Turner, wife of Harry (son of Col. Thomas) had father and brother each 
named Nicholas Smith. 

The name of Thomas Turner's other wife is not certainly known; 
but as Sarah, wife of Thomas Turner, of King George, gent., released 
her dower in a tract of land (formerly bought by him in 1725), which 
he sold by deed, Spotsylvania County, Aug. 1, 1732, the second wife 
was, no doubt named Sarah. 

Col. Thomas 1 Turner married first, in 1714, Martha, daughter 
of Richard Taliaferro, and secondly, Sarah — 

Issue (1st m.). 2. Harry^ (of whom later); 3. Thomasz, of Spots- 
sylvania Co. He was appointed a Justice of that County in 1742, married 
Mary Taliaferro, and died intestate, according to the English record, in 
1747. This probably should be 1757, as in 1753 Thos. Turner of King 
George, gent, and Thomas Turner, the younger of Spotsylvania Co., 
gent, and Mary his wife, made a deed in Spotsylvania. On Nov. 7, 
1749, by deed in Spotsylvania it was recited that Charles Taliaferro 
the elder, late of Caroline Co., by his will March 2, 1734, left 570 acres, 
called Motts, to his grandaughtevs Mary and Sarah Taliaferro, and that 
Mary married Thomas Turner Jr, and Sarah married Francis Conway. 
Thomas^ and Mary (Taliaferro) Turner had issue (a.) Thomas', alive 
1769, no further information; (b.) Sally'' married Walker Taliaferro. 
Col. Thomas' Turner had issue (by 2d m.) 4. Sarah^, married Edward 
Dixon; 5. Mary^, unmarried 1757. 

2. Major Harry^ Turner (Thomas 0, of King George County, 
bom — , died 1751; was vestryman of Hanover parish, clerk of King 
George County 1742-1751, and member of the House og Burgesses for 
King George County at the sessions beginning May 1742, Sept. 1744' 
Feb. 1745, July 1746, March 1747, October 1748, and April 1749. H* 
married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Col. Nicholas Smithe 
of King George County (whose residence "Smith's Mount" is now in 
Westmoreland County) and acquired with her a large estate. The 
will of Major Harry Turner, if he made one, is in the missing King George 
County will book; but the inventory of his personal estate is still on record. 
It includes "a parcel of books" valued at £11.5; 5 maps in gilt 
frames £3; 69 pictures in gilt frames £6; silver plate £104; 2 sets tea 
spoons £4; a case with one dozen silver haf ted knives and one dozen table- 
spoons £20; 66 negroes &c; total values of personal estate £8,402.12.5, 
Dated Sept. 6, 1753. 

At "Smith's Mount" was formerly the tomb of Mayor Harry 
Turner, bearing the arms (as given on the book-plate) and the follow- 
ing inscription: 


"Beneath this Marble 
Are deposited 
the remains of 
Major Harry Turner 
Elizabeth his wife 
Who with Credit and Esteem 
Possessed and enjoyed 
An Ample Fortvme 
From which Unerring Wisdom 
Thought fit to snatch them 
In their Bloom 
Together with three Sons 
Who all dyed 
In their infancy" 

This tomb has been now removed to the Episcopal Chapel at 
Port Conway, King George. 

Harry and Elizabeth (Smith) Turner had issue, to survive, an only 
son: 6. Thomas-^ ((of whom later) 

Col. Thomas^ Turner, of "Walsingham" and "Smith's Mount," 
bom — , died 1787. He was a member of the King George County Com- 
mittee of Safety 1771-76, and after the change of county boundaries 
lived in Westmoreland where he died. He married Jane, daughter of 
William Fauntleroy, of "Naylor's Hole," Richmond Co. His will was 
dated Jvme 2, 17S7 and proved in Westmoreland County October 30, 1787. 
Legatees: wife Jane, daughter Elizabeth Cocke, daughter Jean, young- 
est daughter Mary Turner, to eldest son Henry Smith Turner, the plan- 
tation called Smith's Mount, to sons Thomas and George the plantation 
called Nanzatico, to be equally divided, to son Richard the plantation 
opposite Port Royal adjoining the town of Port Conway; back lands 
to be equally divided between sons. 

Thomas 3 and Jane (Fauntleroy) Turner had issue: 7. Henry 
Smith* (of whom later); 8. Thomas* (of whom later); 5. George* (of 
whom later); 6. Richard* (of whom later); 7. Jane, married William 
Storke Jett, of "Walnut Hill," Westmoreland Co; 8. Mary (May) mar- 
ried Turner Dixon; 9. Elizabeth married Charles Cocke; 10. Sally died 

(to be CONTINUED.) 

♦Nicholas 'Smith, of "Smith's Mount", Richmond and King George 
(now Westmoreland) County, was long a wealthy planter. It appears 
in the Records of Richmond County that on March 6, 1704-5, Captain 
Nicholas Smith filed a claim for pay for the troop under his Command 


lor services against the Indians. From 1705 he was for many years a Just- 
ice of Richmond Coimty. He died in 1734. In.King George County on 
May 3, 1734 administration on the estate of Nicholas Smith, gent., was 
granted to his widow Elizabeth, who gave bond in the sum of £10,000 
current money, with William Thornton, John Champe and Anthony 
Haynie, securities. They had two children, Elizabeth, eventually 
sole heiress, who married Harry Turner, and Nicholas, who died unmar- 
ried. In King George, Oct, 1, 1742, Nicholas and|Elizabeth Smith chose 
Thomas Turner their guardian. Dennis McCartyjhad been the guardian 
of Elizabeth. 

Nicholas Smith Sr. was buried at "Smith's Mount", with the 
following'epitaph : 

"Here lies the body of Colo. Nicholas Smith, Son ofjNicholas and 
and Efsob'ah Smith, bom at London the 4th day of Sepbr. 1666. 
Married his wife in the 23d year of his age by whom he had no child. 
Married his second wife in the year 1722, by whom'.he had three children 
one son and two daughters. Departed this life 18th day of March 1734 
in the 68th year of his age." 



A^HisTORY OF Highland County Virginia, By Oren F. Morton, B. L. 

Author of "Under the Cottonwoods," A History of Pendleton 

County, W. Va. (&c.-&c.) Monterey, Va., Published by the 

Author, pp. 419, with maps and nine illustrations. 

A county in the heart of the AUeganies must naturally be some- 
what apart from great historic events; but its very remoteness and 
unlikeness to the more accessible regions to the east add an interest 
to its history. 

It is a remote section even now and its distance, from the centres 
of government and trade along the Atalntic in early days, is hard even 
now to conceive. 

Highland is now a flourishing county, but for a long period its 
people were almost the most advanced pioneers, so that its history and 
the life of its people are different, from those of most of our cotrntieS of 
which histories,have been written. 

Mr. Morton has done his work with great care, and from the open- 
ing chapter on the topography and geology of the County down to the 
compact genealogies and useful appendices at the end has made a model 
county history. 

Frontier Defense on the Upper Ohio, 1777-1778. Compiled from the 
Draper Manuscripts in the Library of the Wisconsin Historical So- 
ciety and.published at the charge of the Wisconsin Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. Edited by Reuben Gold 
Thwaites, Superintendent of the Society; and Louise Phelps Kel- 
logg, Ph. D., Editorial Assistant on the Society's Staff (Seal) 
Madison, Wisconsin Historical Society, 1912, pp. xviii, 329, with 
index, a map of the frontier of North Western Virginia in the 
Revolution, and nine potraits, fac similies, &c. 
The Wisconsin Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, 
and the Historical Society of that State have again drawn from that 
matchless storehouse of Western history, the Draper Collection, mater- 
ial for another valuable book on the history of the country bordering 
on the Ohio during 1777-78. Readers who are acquainted with the 
Documentary History of Dunmore's War 1774 and the Revolution on the 
Upper Ohio, 1775-1777, will know what to expect among the very varied 
and valuable papers published in this book. It is especially of interest 


to Virginians as nearly all of the actors in the events described were 
Virginians, and as the country from Pittsburg to the Kanawha was then 
within the jurisdiction of this State. 

The notes as usual are of great value; but as was the case with 
the preceeding volume, show sometimes a curious dislike to credit Vir- 
ginia when credit is properly due. For instance on p. 2, it is stated that 
Fort Pitt was garrisoned by British troops until 1772, then held by 
Virginians until the end of Dunmore's War and afterwards was occupied 
by American troops under Col. John Neville. Virginians are Americans; 
but the word American as used in this Note in contrast with British and 
Virginian can only have one meaning — troops directly under control of 
the American Congress. This will no doubt be the idea conveyed to any 
reader who is not informed. 

One must feel that the Editors have been somewhat loose in the 
use of words when it is known that John Neville was sent to Pittsburg 
(Fort Duquesne or Pitt) by the Virginian Convention on August 7, 1775 
with a company of Virginia troops "the said company to be in the pay, 
of this Colony from the time of their marching." 

Again on p. 5, it is stated that Fort Randolph at the mouth of 
Great Kanawha was occupied by a company of Virginia Militia under 
Captain Matthew Arbuckle and one from Pennsylvania vmder Captain 
John Robinson, when the very reference the editors give (p 230 of the 
preceding volume) is an order of the Executive Council of Virginia (Feb. 
12, 1777) that a company be raised to garrison Fort Randolph under Cap- 
tain John Pvobinson. His company was raised by Virginia's order and 
he had his commission from the same state. 

One or two other Notes may be referred to. On p. 176 it is stated 
that the origin of the name Staunton is unknown. There can be little 
doubt that the town was named after Rebecca Staunton wife of Gover- 
nor Gooch. General Weedon (p. 214) died according to Heitman in 
November 1793. 

The Descendants of Capt.\in Thomas Carter of "Barford," Lancaster 
County Virginia 1652-1912. 

With genealogical notes of many of the allied families by Joseph 
Lyon Miller, M. D., member of the Virginia Historical Society, the 
West Virginia Historical Society, The Filson Club (Ky.) &c., Whittett 
and Shepperson Printers, Richmond, Virginia. For Sale by Dr. J. L. 
Miller, Thomas, West Virginia, pp. 388 with 164 illustrations, portraits, 
views, fac-similies, Seals, Coats of Arms &c., with full index. 

No Compiler of a Virginia genealogy has begun work under 
conditions apparently more discouraging than did Dr. Miller when he 
undertook an account of the descendants of Captain Thomas Carter o£ 
Lancaster Co., Va. 


The surname is very numerously represented in entirely uncon- 
nected families, and even those who had some experience in tracing 
Virginia family history only knew that Captain Thomas Carter was a 
man of prominence in Lancaster County, and that there was a vast num- 
ber of people of his name probably descended from him. 

Captain Carter was a man of local prominence, and his descend- 
ants had respectable positions and were generally in comfortable circum- 
stances . The very large number of children in each generation naturally 
caused much subdivision of property, and prevented the accumulation 
of any great estates. As Dr. Miller says they were good citizens, lead- 
ing honourable lives but with few exceptions they were prior to the 
Revolution not people of prominence. Not only were there numerous 
representatives of the family in Lancaster and adjacent counties; but 
the family continued to increase and multiply in a remarkable way and 
branches spread rapidly to more distant Counties; and later to other 
States. Since the Revolution many of the descendants of Thomas Carter 
in his own and other names, have been men of note in the civil and mili- 
tary affairs of the coimtry. 

Nothing that industry, minute care and careful consideration of 
evidence could do, in the examination of public and private records, has 
been spared and the result is a really remarkable genealogy. 

Industry and intelligence have in Dr. Miller's case (as does not 
always happen) been rewarded by remarkable good fortune in the dis- 
covery of old family records in Bibles, prayer-books, manuscript accounts 
prepared years ago, old portraits and similar aids to genealogy. 

The book is thoroughly well vione, and will be of great interest to 
hundreds of families. It is imposible in our space to give even a list of 
families treated, in varying degrees of fullness. 

There is a good index and many illustrations. 



Virginia Historical Society 

JANUARY. 1913. 


W. Gordon McCabe, Richmond, Va. 

Vice-Presiden ts. 

Archer Anderson, Richmond, Va. 
Edward V. Valentine, Richmond, Va, 
Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. 

Corres^nding Secretary and Librarian, 

William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary. 

D. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 


Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee. 

C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 
Chas. W. Kent, University of Va. Rt.Rev.A.M.RANDOLPH, Norfolk.Va. 
W. Meade Clark, Richmond, Va. J. Stewart Bryan, Richmond, Va. 
A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. Daniel Grinnan, Richmond, Va. 

S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond, Va. J. P. McGuire, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
S. H. Yonge, Richmond, Va. Wm. A. Anderson, Lexington, Va. 

and, ex-officio, the President, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries 
and Treasurer. 

The Annual Meeting of this Society 
will be held in January, 1913. The 
Proceedings of the Meeting will be 
published in the April Magazine. 



Arber, Prof. Edward," Birmingham, Eng. 
Gabert. Hon. J. W.. New York, N. Y. 

Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng. 
Stevens, Dr. H. Morse. University of Cal, 


Atrill, Chas. H., London, Eng. 

Bacon, H. P., Bury St. Edmund, Eng. 

Banks, Chas. E.. M. D, 

Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa, 

Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 

Campeau. Hon.. F. R. E.. Ottawa, Can. 

Champlin, J. D., Jr., New York, N. Y. 

Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 

Green, Hon. S. A.. M. D.. Boston, Mass. 

Hart, Chas. H., Philadelphia. Pa. 

Hayden. Rev. H, E., Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Hoes, Rev. R. R.. Washington, D. C. 
Judah. George P.. Spanish Town. Jamaica. 
Nicholson, Col. J. P.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Phillimore. W. P. W.. London. Eng. 
Richemond, Mons. Meschinet De. La Ro. 

chelle, France. 
Rose. Josiah, London, Eng. 
Ross. Hon. D. A., Quebec. Can. 
Thwing. E. P.. Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Wright, W. H. K., Plymouth, Eng. 


Adams, Gilmer S., Louisville, Ky. 

Adams, Wm. Newton, Summit, N. J. 

Alexander, H. M.. New York. N. Y. 

Andrews, A. B., Jr., Raleigh. N. C. 

Andrews. O.. Baltimore, Md. 

Bagnell, Mrs. Wm., St. Louis. Mo. 

Barksdale, H. M., Wilmington, Del. 

Barratt, Judge Norris S., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Blackwel!, Henry, New York, N. Y. 

Bryan, Jonathan, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Robert C, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, St. George, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, J. Stewart. Richmond, Va. 

Bushnell. David L, Jr., University of Vir- 

Cabell, J. Alston, Richmond, Va. 

Childers, Col. Gracey, Clarksville, Tenn. 

Corbin, Mrs. Wm. Lygon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cox, Mrs. Wm. Ruffin, Richmond, Va. 

Clement. Capt. H. C, U. S. A.. Fort Porter, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

Clements, Mrs. Helen I., St. Louis, Mo. 

Cook, Heustis P.. Richmond, Va. 

Deats, H. E.. Flemington. N.J. 

Dooley. James H.. Richmond. Va._ 

Downman, R. H., New Orleans, La. 

Garnett, Judge T. S., Norfolk, Va. 

Gary. J. A.. Baltimore, Md. 

Gibbs. Mrs. Virginia, B., Newport, R. I. 

Grafflin, John C, Baltimore, Md. 

Grandy, C. Wiley, Norfolk, Va. 

Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Harrison, Fairfax, Belvoir, Fauquier Co.,Va. 

Hearst, Mrs. Phoebe A., Pleasanton, Cal. 

Hobson, Mrs. Henry W., Jr.. Colorado 

Springs. Col. 
Hughes, R. M., Norfolk. Va. 
Huntington, Archer M., Baychester. N. Y. 
Ingalls. M. E., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Kinsolving, Walter O.. Austin, Texas. 
Lee, Edmund, J.. M. D.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Lee. General G. W. C. Burks, Va. 
Lee. W. H.,St. Louis, Mo. 
Logan, General T. M., Howardsville, Va. 
Low, Hon. Seth. New York. N. Y. 
Mason, Wm. Peyton, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Miller. Dr. J. L.. Thomas. W. Va. 
Mohler. Miss Edith M., St. Albans, W. Va. 
Morse, Willard S.. New York, N. Y. 



McConnick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 111. 
Nolting, Miss Elizabeth Aiken, Cobham, Va. 
Richardson, D. C, Richmond, Va. 
Rives, Hon. Geo. Lockhart, New York, 

N. Y. 
Robinson, Morgan P., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Judge R. Carter, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Frederick W., Richmond, Va. 
Stevens, Mrs. Byam K., New York, N. Y. 
Stiers, Rev. Ernest, M. D. D., New York, 

Stubbs, Wm. C. New Orleans, La. 

Swanson, Hon. Claude A., Chatham, Va. 
Talcott, Col. T. M. R., Bon Air, Va. 
Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, Mass. 
Webb, W. Seward, New York. N. Y. 
Whitehead, J. B., Norfolk, Va. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 
Winslow, H. M., Harriman, Tenn. 
Woodson, Captain R. S., U. S. A.. Fort 
McDowell. Cal. 


Acklin, George W., Pittsburgh. Pa. 
Abney, John R., New York, N. Y. 
Adams, Samuel P., South Boston, Va. 
Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 
Addison, E. B., Richmond, Va. 
Adkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 
Aguilar de, Mrs. F. B., New York, N. Y. 
Alexander, F. W., Oak Grove, Va. 
Alexander, Dr. W. T.. New York, N. Y. 
Allen. E. W., Savannah. Ga. 
Allen, Herbert F. M., Washington. D. C. 
Ambler, Ben. Mason, Parkersburg, W. Va. 
Ames, Mrs. Joseph S.. Baltimore, Md. 
Anderson, Col. Archer. Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, B. P.. M. D., Colorado Springs, 

Anderson, Davis C, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, Edward L., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, W. A.. Lexington, Va. 
Andrews, Prof. C. M., Yale University, New 

Haven, Conn. 
Atkinson, Thomas. Richmond. Va. 
Atkinson. Thomas. Jr.. Richmond, Va. 
Austin-Leigh, Richard A., London, Eng. 
Axtell. Decatur, Richmond. Va. 

Bagby. Mrs. Parke C. Richmond, Va. 
Baker, Mrs. Gibbs L., Washington, D. C. 
Ballard, N. H., Brunswick, Ga. 
Barbour. John S.. Fairfax. Va. 
Barton. R. T.. Winchester. Va. 
Baskervill. P. H.. Richmond, Va. 
Battaile, W. A., Lawrence, Kan. 
Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 
Beer, George Louis, New York, N. Y. 
Beime. Francis F., Richmond. Va. 
Bell. Landon C. Asheville. N. C. 

Bell.Robert O., Richmond, Va. 
Belmont, August, New York, N. Y. 
Belt. Mrs. Eliz. Talbot. Millen, Ga. 
Best, Frank E., Chicago, 111. 
Berry, Mrs. J. T., Dallas, Texas. 
Blackford, Dr. L. M., Alexandria, Va. 
Blackstock, Ira B.. Springfield, 111. 
Blaine, Mrs. E. Robert, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Blair, Miss Louisa Coleman, Richmond. Va. 
Blow. A. A., New York, N. Y. 
Boatwright, Mrs. Gertrude F. H.. Roanoke, 

Bodley, Temple, Louisville, Ky. 
Boisseau, Sterling, Richmond, Va. 
Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 
Boiling, Blair, Richmond, Va. 
Boiling. Stanhope, Richmond, Va. 
Bondurant, Dr. Eugene D., Mobile, Ala. 
Booker, Mrs. Hunter R., Hampton, Va. 
Boreman, R. J. A., Parkersburg, W. Va. 
Bosher, Mrs. Robert S., Richmond, Va. 
Boswell, Mrs. T. Steptoe, Baltimore, Md. 
Bourgeoisie, Mrs. A. C, St. Louis, Mo. 
Bowles, Henry L., Denver, Col. 
Boyd, James N., Richmond, Va. 
Boykin, Mrs. F. M., Richmond, Va. 
Boyle. Mrs. P. A., Davenport, Iowa. 
Boyle, Mrs. Virginia Frazier. Memphis, 

Bradford, James C, Nashville. Tenn. 
Branch, Major John P., Richmond. Va. 
Braxton, A. Caperton , Richmond, Va. 
Brent, F. C, Pensacola, Fla. 
Brodhead, Lucas, Versailles, Ky. 
Brooke, George D., Winchester, Va. 
Brooke, Richard N., Washington, D. C. 
Brooke. Richard, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Brooke, Robert. T.. Birmingham, Ala. 

'This list also includes subscribers to the Magazine. 


Brooke, S. S., Roanoke. Va. 
Brooke, Dr. T. V., Sutherlin, Va. 
Broun, Major T. L.. Charleston, W. Va. 
Brown, Prof. W. G., Columbia, Mo. 
Brown, J. Thompson, Richmond, Va. 
Bruce, Hon. C. M., Clarkton, Va. 
Bruce, Philip Alexander, Norfolk, Va. 
Bruce, Mrs. Mary Howard, Baltimore, Md. 
Bryan, Thomas P., Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, St. George T. C, Petersburg. Va. 
Bryant, C. B., Martinsville, Va. 
Budlong, Mrs. M. J., New York, N. Y. 
Buford. Commander M. B., U. S. N., Watch 

Hill, R. I. 
Bukey, Mrs. John Spencer, Vienna, Va. 
Bullard, Mrs. B. F., Savannah, Ga. 
Bullitt, W. C, Philadelphia. Pa. 
Bvirges, Richard F., El Paso, Texas. 
Burnside, Mrs. Samuel H., Wichita Falls, 

Burruss, Mrs. Nathaniel, Norfolk, Va. 
Burwell, Armistead, Charlotte, N. C. 
Burwell. D. S.. Norfolk, Va. 

Callahan, G. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Cameron, Alexander, Richmond, Va. 

Cameron, Col. Benehan, Stagville, N. C. 

Cannon, G. Randolph, Richmond, Va. 

Capps, W. L., U. S. N. 

Cargill, Mrs. T. A., Houston, Texas. 

Carr, Brig. Gen. C. C. C. U. S. A., Chicago, 

Carter, Hill, Ashland, Va. 
Cartwright, Mrs. S. A. Brooke, Washington, 

D. C. 
Gary, T. Archibald, Richmond, Va. 
Cary, Wilson Miles, Baltimore, Md. 
Casey, Prof. Joseph J., New York. N. Y. 
Chamberlayne, Churchill G., Richmond, 

Chandler, Prof. J. A. C, Richmond, Va. 
Chandler, R. G., Chicago. III. 
Chandler, Walter T., Chicago. 111. 
Chauncy, Mrs. Agnes C, Narberth, Pa. 
Chilton, W. B., Washington. D. C. 
Christian, Judi^e Geo. L., Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Walter, Richmond, Va. 
Clark, Mrs. Edward H., New York, N. Y. 
Clark, Wm. Hancock, New York, N, Y. 
Clark, Rev. W. M., Richmond, Va. 
Clarke, P. N., Louisville. Ky. 
Clayton, Joseph C, Brooklyn N. Y. 
Clement, .Mrs. N. E., Chatham, Va. 
Clyde, W. P., New York, N. Y. 
Cobb, Wm. H.,Elkins, W. Va. 
Cocke. Dr. W. Irby, Port Washington, N. Y. 

Coe Brothers, Springfield, III. 
Coffin, Charles P., Brookline, Mass. 
Coke, Captain John A., Richmond, Va. 
Coleman, Charles W., Washington, D. C. 
Coles, Mrs. T. B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Colston, Edward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Conrad, Major Holmes, Winchester, Va. 
Cook, Miss Mary E., Columbus, Ga. 
Cooke, Dr. G. Wythe, Washington. D. C. 
Cooke, John H., Richmond, Va. 
Coolidge, Archibald C, Cambridge. Mass. 
Corbin, Richard W., Paris, France. 
Corbett. Mrs. L. G., Greenville, S. C. 
Coulling, Miss Martha Willis, Farmville, Va. 
Coutant, Dr. R. S., Tarrytown, N. Y. 
Cram, Mrs. R. A., Boston, Mass. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 
Cridlin, W. B., Richmond, Va. 
Crittenden, W. L., Stigler, Okla. 
Croasdaile, Mrs. Richard, Canton, Ohio. 
Crocker, Major J. F., Portsmouth, Va. 
Crozier, Wm. A., Hasbrouck Heights, N. J. 
Crump, Beverly T., Richmond, Va. 
Culleton, Leo., London, Eng. 
Cutright, W. B. Buckhannon, W. Va. 

Dabney, Dr. William M., Baltimore, Md. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H., University of Va. 
Daingerfield, Francis Lee, Alexandria, Va. 
Dandridge, Miss Mary E., Cincinnati, O. 
Darling, Mrs. Frank W., Hampton, Va. 
Daughters, A. R., Auburn, Ala. 
Daughters, A. R., Washington, D, C. 
Davenport, G. A., Richmond, Va. 
Denham, Edward, New Bedford, Mass. 
Dickey, Lyle A.. Lihue, H. T. 
Dismukes, Elisha P., Columbus, Ga. 
Doran, J. J., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Doremus, Mrs. C. A., New York. N. Y. 
Draper, Mrs. James R., Oxford, Ala. 
Duke, Judge R. T. W., Jr., Charlottesville. 

Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Dupont, Col. H. A., Wintcrthur, Del. 
Durrett. Col. R. T., Louisville. Ky. 
Duval, Miss Maria P.. Staunton, Va. 
Dwight, Dr. E. W., Boston, Mass. 

E.-isley, J. C, Richmond, Va. 
East, John P.. New York. N. Y. 
Eaton, George G., Washington. D. C. 
Eckenrode, Dr. H. J., Richmond, Va. 
Ellctt, Miss Virginia R., Richmond, Va. 
Ellis. Wade H., Washington, D. C. 
Ellyson, Hon. J. Taylor, Richmond. Va. 



Empie, Adam, Wilmington, N. C. 
English, Mrs. W. E., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Eskridge, R. S., Seattle, Wash. 
Etistace, Wm. Corcoran, Oatlands, Va. 

Farragut, Loyall, New York, N. Y. 
Farrar, Edgar H., New Orleans, La. 
Feild. W. P., Little Rock. Ark. 
Ferrell, Mrs. Chas, C, Anson, Tex. 
Fife, Prof. R. H., Middletown, Conn. 
Fitzhugh, Gen. Chas. L., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Fitzhugb. E. H., Montreal, Can. 
Fletcher, William Meade, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Fontaine, W. W. Austin, Tex. 
Foster, Mrs. Kate Calvert, Fosston, Minn, 
Fountain, General S. W., U. S. A., Devon, 

Fox. Fred. L., Sutton, W. Va. 
Frances, Mrs. Charles E., Bedford, Ind. 
Freeman. D. S.. Richmond, Va. 
French. Jno. Hemdon. New York. N. Y. 
Frost. Mrs. George R.. Houston, Va. 

Gaines. C. Carrington. Poughkeepsie. N, Y. 
Garland, Spotswood, Wilmington, Del. 
Gay. Edward S., Atlanta. Ga. 
Gibson. Rt. Rev. Robt. A.. Richmond, Va. 
Gilbert, Mrs. R. M.. New York. N. Y. 
Glover. Rolfe E.. Richmond. Va. 
Good. D. Saylor, Roanoke. Va. 
Goodwyn, Mrs. W. S., Emporia. Va. 
Gordon, Armstead C, Staunton, Va. 
Gray. Henry W., Jr.. Hartford, Conn. 
Gray. W. F.. Richmond. Va. 
Green. B. W.. M. D., Charlottesville. Va. 
Gregory. Edwin C. Salisbury, N. C. 
Gregory, George C, Richmond. Va. 
Grigsby. Oscar, Maysville, Ky. 
Grinnan. Judge Daniel. Richmond, Va. 
Grinnan, John C, Norfolk. Va. 

Hagan, John C. Richmond, Va. 
Hamilton, Alexander, Petersburg, Va. 
Hardy, Miss Stella Pickett, Batesville. Ark. 
Harris, A. B. B., Chicago, 111. 
Harrington, Howard S., New York. N. Y. 
Harris Alfred T.. Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Harris, Graham H.. Greenwood, Va. 
Harris, John T.. Jr., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Harrison. Francis Burton, Washington, 

Harrison, Geo. T., M.|D., CharlottesvHle.Va. 
Harrison, Robert L.. New York, N. Y. 
Harrison, W. Preston., Chicago, 111. 
Harvie. Miss Anne F.. Richmond. Va. 
Hawes, S. H., Richmond, Va. 

Heath, James E., Norfolk, Va. 

Heffelfinger, Jacob, Hampton, Va. 

Hempstone, W. D., Leesburg. Va. 

Herbert, Col. Arthur, Alexandria, Va. 

Herndon, J. W., Alexandria. Va. 

Higgins, Mrs. D. F., Joliet, 111. 

Hill. W. M., Richmond, Va. 

Hine, Major Charles DeLano, Vienna, Va. 

Hogg. Mrs. Clara H. D., Cadiz, Ohio. 

HoUaday. A., Randolph. Richmond, Va. 

Holmes, J. T.. Columbus. Ohio. 

Holt. R. O., Lorton, Va. 

Hord, Rev. A. H., Germantown, Pa. 

Howard, Mrs. Eleanor Washington, 'Alex- 
andria, Va. 

Howard, Major McH., Baltimore, Md. 

Hughes, A. S.. Denver. Col. 

Hunt, Gaillard. Washington. D. C. 

Hunter. James W.. Norfolk. Va. 

Hunter, Major Robert W., Washington, 

Hurt. George F, Atlanta. Ga. 

Hutcheson, H. P., Boydton. Va. 

Hutcheson. Mrs. J. C, Houston. Texas. 

Hutchins. W. S.. Washington. D. C. 

Hutchinson. Gary T.. New York. N. Y. 

Hyde, Mrs. Charles R., Lookout Mountain, 

Jameson, Mrs. S. W., Roanoke, Va. 
Jarman, Prof. J. L., Farmville, Va. 
Jeffress, T. F., Drewry's Bluff. Va. 
Jenkins, Luther H., Richmond, Va. 
Jewett, W. K.. Colorado Springs. Col. 
Johnson, B. P., Richmond, Va. 
Johnson, Mrs. Mary R.. East Orange. N. J. 
Johnston, Christopher, M. D.. Baltimore, 

Johnston. Dr. Geo. Ben., Richmond. Va. 
Johnston. Miss Mary. Richmond, Va. 
Jones. Fairfax C. Richmond, Va. 
Jones, W. Strother, Red Bank, N. J. 
Jordan. Scott, Chicago, 111, 
Junkin, Francis T. A., Chicago, 111. 

Keach, Mrs. O. A.. Wichita. Kan. 
Keim. Mrs. Betty L.. Philadelphia. Pa. 
Kemper. Charles E.. Washington, D. C. 
Kent, Prof. C. W., University of Va. 
Kerr, A. E., Grafton, W. Va. 
Kinney. Mrs. Harry W.. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Lacey. Mrs. John W.. Cheyenne. Wyo. 
Lamb. E. T.. Norfolk. Va. 
Lambert, Mrs. W. H.. Germantown. Pa. 
La Monte, Geo. M., Bound Brook, N. J. 



Lancaster, R. A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Lams, John R., Baltimore, Md. 
Lathrop, Bryan, Chicago, 111. 
Leach, James A., Richmond, Va. 
Leake, J. Jordan, Richmond, Va. 
Lecky, Robert, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Lee, Blair, Washington, D. C. 
Lee. Captain R. E., West Point, Va. 

Lee. R. E., Jr., Fairfax County, Va. 
Le Grande, Mrs. J. H., Tyler, Texas. 
Leigh, Egbert G., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Letcher, S., Houston, Lexington, Va. 
Levy, Jefferson M., New York, N. Y. 
Lewis, Charles, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Lewis, Lunsford, L., Richmond, Va. 
Lodge, Hon. H. C. Washington. D. C. 
Logan, Rev. P. B., New Wilmington, Pa. 
Lomax, E. L., San Francisco, Cal. 
Long, E. McL.. New York, N. Y. 
Lorton, Heth, New York. N. Y. 
Low, Joseph T., New York, N. Y. 
Loyall, Captain B. P., Norfolk, Va. 
Lukeman H. Augustus. New York, N. Y. 
Lyster. Mrs. H. F. L.. Detroit, Mich. 

Mabry, W. S., Selma, Ala. 

Maddox, E. L., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Mallory, Lt. C. K., U. S. N., Syracuse, 

N. Y. 
Mallory, Lt.-Col. J. S., U. S. A.. Governor's 

Island, N. Y. 
Maloney, Mrs. Eva Grant. New Castle, Va. 
Markham. George D., St. Louis, Mo. 
Martin, R. C, Albemarle Louisiana. 
Mastin, Mrs. George R., Lexington, Ky. 
Matthews, Albert, Boston, Mass. 
Mayer, Levy, Chicago, 111. 
Mayo, E. C, Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, P. H., Richmond, Va. 
Mercer, Mrs. William P.. Elm City, N. C. 
Meredith, Charles V., Richmond, Va. 
Meredith, Philip T., Harrisburg, Pa. 
Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, Loudoun Co., Va. 
Merrill, Mrs. Lida W., Terre Haute, Ind. 
Miller, Mrs. Anna M., Atlanta, Ga. 
Miller, Rudolph P., New York, N. Y. 
MinniEerode, Mrs. Susan T., Trenton, N. J. 
Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 
Moffett. Miss Edna V., Wellesley, Mass. 
Montague, Hill, Richmond, Va. 
Montgomery, William G.. Birmingham, Ala. 
Moore, J. Staunton. Richmond, Va. 
Moore, Warner, Richmond, Va. 
Morehead, C. R., El Paso, Texas. 
Morehart, Mrs. Lillian B., Mankato, Minn. 

Morgan, Dr. D. H., Amelia C. H., Va. 

Morton, Miss Hattie, Birmingham, Ala. 

Munford, Mrs. Beverley B.. Richmond, Va. 

Munford. R. B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Myers, Barton, Norfolk, Va. 

McAllister, A. S., New York, N. Y. 

McAllister, J. T., Hot Springs, Va. 

McBryde, Dr. J. M., Blacksburg, Va. 

McCabe, Capt. W. Gordon. Richmond, Va. 

McCaleb, Major Thomas S., U. S. A., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

McCluer, W. B., Chicago. 111. 

McConnell, Prof. J. P., Emory. Va. 

McCormick, R. Hall, Chicago, 111. 

McCormick, Harold F., Chicago, 111. 

McCue, John N., Crystal City, Mo. 

McDonnel, Mrs. Eugene, Baltimore, Md. 

McFadden, Charles, Jr., Philadelphia. Pa. 

McGraw. John T., Grafton. W. Va. 

McGuire, Dr. Edward, Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, John Peyton, Jr., Richmond, ,Va. 

McGuire, Murray M., Richmond, Va. 

Mcllwaine, Dr. H. R., Richmond, Va. 

Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg, Va. 

McKenny, Virginia Spotswood, Petersburg, 

McNiel, Mrs. Walter, Richmond, Va. 

Neilson, Miss Lou, Oxford, Miss. 

Nicoll, Mrs. DeLancy, New York, N. Y. 

Nicholls, Rt. Rev. W. F., SanMateo, Cal. 

Nixon, Lewis, New York, N. Y. 

Norvell, Mrs. Lipscomb, Beaumont, Texas. 

Ogden, H. C, Wheeling, W. Va. 
Ogden, Robt. C, New York, N; Y. 
Otter, John B., Louisville, Ky. 
Outerbridge, Mrs. A. J., New York, N.'.Y. 
Owen, Thomas M., Montgomery. Ala. 

Page, Mrs. Mann, Elizabeth, N, J. 

Page, S. Davis. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Page, Rosewell, Richmond, Va. 

Page, Thomas Nelson, Washington, D. C. 

Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, Va. 

Parrish, Robert L., Covington, Va. 

Parker, Col. John, Browsholme Hall.Cle- 

thiroe, Lancashire, Eng. 
Parker, W. S. R., Beaumont, Texas. 
Patterson. James A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Patteson. S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 
Payne, John B., Chicago. 111. 
Pegram, Robert B., Charleston, S. C. 
Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 
Pennington, William C, Baltimore, Md. 
Pescud, Peter F., New Orlean , La. 



Peterkin, Mrs. George W., Parkersburg, 

W. Va. 
Pettus. William J., M. D., U. S. Marine 

Hospital Service, Washington, D. C. 
Phelps, Wm. B., Duluth. Minn. 
Pickett, Thomas E., M. D., Maysville, Ky. 
Pinckard, W. P., Birmingham, Ala. 
Pinckney, C. C, Richmond, Va. 
Pleasants. Edwin, Richmond, Va. 
Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Baltimore, Md. 
Pleasants, William H., Hollins, Va. 
Plummer, Miss Lucy D., Chicago, 111. 

Poindexter, Judge Miles, Spokane, Wash. 

Poindexter, C. E., Jeffersonville, Ind. 

Poindexter, W. W., Lynchburg, Va. 

Pollard, Henry R., Richmond, Va. 

Powell, J. E., Washington, D. C. 

Prentiss, Judge R. R., Suffolk,. Va. 

Price, Theodore H., New York, N. Y. 

Pugh, A. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Purcell, Col. J. B., Richmond, Va. 

Ragland, Ashby T., Richmond, Va. 
Raines, Dr. Thomas H., Savannah, Ga. 
Raine, T. C, New York, N. Y. 
Ramsay, Mrs. Clarise Sears, Westover, Va. 
Randolph, Beverley S., Berkeley Springs. 

W. Va. 
Randolph, Rt. Rev. A.M.,D.D., Norfolk.Va. 
Randolph, Epes, Tucson, Ariz. 
Randolph, Edward, New York, N. Y. 
Randolph, Tom, St. Louis, Mo. 
Redman, Ray C, Vincennes. Ind. 
Reymann, Mrs. P. 0., Wheeling, W. Va. 
Richardson, Albert Levin, Baltimore, Md. 
Richardson, Wm. D., Fredericksburg, Va. 
Ridgeley, Mrs. Jane M., Springfield, 111. 
Rives, Mrs. W. C, Washington. D. C. 
Robards. Col. John Lewis, Hannibal, Mo. 
Roberson, Mrs. J. Fall, Cropwell, Ala. 
Robertson, Frank S., Abingdon, Va. 
Robertson, John C, Richmond, Va 
Robertson, M. L., Dallas. Texas. 
Robertson, Thos. B.. EastviUe, Va. 
Robins, Dr. C. R., Richmond. Va. 
Robinson, Alexander G., Louisvi'le, Ky. 
Robinson. Judge C. W., Newport News. Va. 
Robinson, P. M., Clarksburg, W. Va. 
Rockwell, Mrs. Eckley, Washington, D. C. 
Roller, Gen. John E., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Roper, Bartlett. Sen., Petersburg, Va. 
Rose, Mrs. Charles A., Richmond, Va. 
Rowland, Miss Kate Mason, Richmond, Va. 
Rucker, Mrs. B. H., Rolla, Mo. 
Ryan, Thos, F., New York, N. Y. 

[lands, Conway R., Richmond, Va. 
Savage, N. R., Richmond, Va. 

Scherr, Henry, Williamson, W. Va. 
Schouler, Prof. James, Intervale, N. H. 
Schuck. L. E., St. Louis, Mo. 
Scott, George Cole, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, W. W., Richmond, Va. 
Semmes, Raphael T., Savannah, Ga. 
Sevier, O'Neal, New York, N. Y. 
Shelton, Mrs. Jane R. G.. St. Louis, Mo. 
Shine, Dr. Francis Eppes, Bisbee, Ariz. 
Shippen, Mrs. Rebecca Lloyd, Baltimore* 

Sim, John R., New York. N, Y. 
Sitterding, Fritz, Richmond, Va. 
Slaughter, A. D., Chicago, 111. 

Smith, George G., D. D., Macon, Ga. 

Smith, H. M., Jr., Richmond. Va. 

Smith, Mrs. Malcolm, Wichita, Kan. 

Smith, Mrs. Rosa Wright, FortSill. Okla. 

Smith, J. W., Ottawa, Ohio. 

Smith, Willis B., Richmond, Va. 

Smith, Captain, R. C, U. S. N.. Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Smith, W. D. G., Castleton, Vt. 

Southall, Rev. S. O., Hanever, Va. 

Spears, Harry D., New York, N. Y. 

Spencer, Mrs. Samuel, Washington, D. C. 

Spencer, J. H., Martinsville, Va. 

Spilman, Gen. B. W., Warrenton, Va. 

Spotswood, Mrs. W. F., Petersburg, Va. 

Stanard, W. G.. Richmond, Va. 

Staton, Mrs. James G., Williamston, N. C. 

Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 

Stettinins, Mrs. E. R., Dongan Hill, Staten 
Island, N. Y. 

Stevens, B. F. and Brown, London, Eng. 

Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, Va. 

Stewart, Miss E. Hope, " 

Stewart, Miss Norma, * 

Stewart, Miss Lucy W., " 

Stewart, Rev. J. Calvin, Richmond, Va. 

Stewart, J. A., Louisville, Ky. 

Stith, Charles H., New Bern, N. C. 

Stone, Mrs. Mary F., W.ishington, D. C. 

Stone, Miss Lucie, P., HoHins. Va. 

Strater, Mrs. Charles G., Louisville, Ky. 

Strother, Henry, Fort Smith, Ark. 

Strother, Hon. P. W., Pearisburg, Va. 

Stuart, Henry C, Elk Garden, Va. 

Symington, Miss Edith, Winston-Salem. 
N. C. 

Taliaferro, Mrs. Richard P., WareNeck, Va. 
Taylor.Edgar D., Richmond, Va. 
Taylor, Dr. Fielding L., New York, N. Y. 
Taylor, Prof, T. U., Austin, Texas. 
Taylor, W. E., Norfolk, Va. 
Terhune. Mrs. E. T., New York, N. Y. 



Thomas, Douglas H., Baltimore, Md. 
Thomas, R. S., Smithfield. Va. 
Thompson, Mrs. Maurice, Crawfordsville, 

Thompson, Mrs. W. H., Lexington, Ky. 
Thornton, Mrs. Champa F., Norfolk, Va. 
Thornton, R. G., Richmond, Va. 
Throckmorton, C. WicklifiFe, Beaumont, 

Thurston, R. C, Ballard, Louisville, Ky. 
Tidball, Prof. Thomas A., Sewanee, Tenn. 
Toulmin, Prof. H. A., Jr., Dayton, Ohio. 
Travers, S. W., Richmond, Va. 
Trippe, Mrs. M. W.. New York. N. Y. 
Tucker, H. St. George, Norfolk, Va. 
Tunstall, Richard B., Norfolk, Va. 
Tunstall. Robert B., Norfolk, Va. 
Turner, D. L., New York. N. Y. 
Turner, Van Arsdale B.. Dover, Del. 
Tyler, Prof. Lyon G., Willamsburg, Va. 

Undetwood. Gen. John C. New York, N. Y. 
Underwood, William T., Birmingham. Ala. 

Valentine. B. B.. Richmond, Va. 

Valentine, E. v., " 

Valentine, G. G., * 

Valentine. M. S., Jr., " 

Victor, E. K., Richmond, Va. 

Vincent, George A., Fairmoumt, W. Va. 

Waggener, B. P., Atchison, Kan. 
Walke, Cornelius, Ossining, N. Y. 
Walke, Mrs. Frank Anthony, Norfolk, Va. 
Walker, G. A., Gee P. O., Va. 
Walker, Mrs. J. A., Brownwood, Texas. 
Walker, J. G., Richmond. Va. 
Waller, E. P., Schenectady, N. Y. 
WalHng, Mrs. WiUoughby, Chicago. 111. 
Warren, L. R.. Richmond. Va. 
Washburne. Mrs. Mary M., Louisville. Ky. 
Washington. Joseph E., Wessyngton. Tenn. 
Washington. R. L., Atlanta, Ga. 
Washington, W. Do H.. New York. 
Watts. Mrs. C. L.. Charlotte. N. C. 
Watts. Judge Legh R.. Portsmouth. Va. 
Wayland, J. W., Harrisonburg, Va. 

Webster, Admiral Hatrie, U. S. N., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Wellford, B. Rand, Richmond, Va. 

Wertenbaker, Prof. T. G.. Princeton Uni- 
versity, Princeton, N. J. 

White, J. B., Kansas City, Mo. 

White. Miles. Jr., Baltimore. Md. 

White, William H.. Richmond. Va. 

Whitehurst. Dr. M. Morris. Baltimore, Md. 

Whitner. Charles F., Atlanta. Ga. 

Whitridge. Mrs. Wm. H.. Baltimore, Md. 

Whitty, J. H., Richmond, Va. 

Wilkinson, Dr. Walter W., Washington. 
D. C. 

Willard, Mrs. Joseph E., Fairfax Co., Va. 

Williams, E. Randolph, Richmond, Va. 

Williams. Mrs. F. L.. Bristol. R. 1. 

Williams, Harrison, New York, N. Y. 

Williams, John Skelton, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Langbourne M.. Richmond, Va. 

Williams. Mrs. S. W.. Richmond. Va. 

Williamson. H. M.. Portland, Oregon. 

Williamson. J. T.. Columbia. Tenn. 

Wilson. Capt. Eugene T., U. S. A., Cristo 
bal. Canal Zone. 

Wilson. Mrs. Howard T.. Verden. III. 

Winston. James O.. Kingston, N. Y. 

Wise, Mrs. Barton H., Richmond, Va. 

Wise, Prof. Henry A., Baltimore. Md. 

Wise Jennings C. Lexington. Va. 

Wise, John C. M. D.. U. S. N., Washington, 
D. C. 

Wise, Rear-Admiral Wm. C, U. S. N. 

Withers. Alfred D.. Roane's. Va. 

Withington, Lothrop. London. Eng. 

Woodhull, Mrs. Oliver J.. San Antonio, Tex. 

Wortham, Coleman, Richmond. Va. 

Wrenn, Rev. Virginius. Amelia C. H., Va. 

Wright, E. E., New Orleans, La. 

Wynne. Miss Mae. S. M., Huntsville, Texas. 

Wysor. Harry R., Muncie, Ind. 

Yates, Mrs. W. E.. Thomaston. Ga. 
Yoakum. R. B.. Leavenworth. Kan. 
Yonge. Samuel H.. Richmond, Va. 
Young. Hon. B. H.. Louisville. Ky. 

Zimmer. W. L., Petersbugr, Va. 

LIBRARIES— Annual Members, 

American Geographical Society, New York, 

Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass. 
Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Brown University Library, Providence, R.I. 

Carnegie Free Library, Alletthany, Pa. 
Carnegie Free Library, Nashville, Tenn. 
Carnegie Library, Atlanta. Ga. 
Carnegie Library. Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Chicago Public Library, Chicago, 111. 


Chicago University Library, ChicaRO. 111. 
Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, O. 
Cleveland, Ohio, Public Library. 
Coast Artillery School Library, Fort Mon- 
roe, Va. 
Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Cossitt Library, Memphis, Tenn. 

Department of Achives and Hictory, Jack- 
son, Miss. 
Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Mich. 

Georgetown University Library, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 
Goodwin Institute Library, Memphis, Tenn. 
Grosvenor Pub. Library, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Hampden-Sidney College Library, Hamp- 

den-Sidney, Va. 
Hampton N. and A. Institute Library, 

Hampton, Va. 
Harvard University Library, Cambridge, 

Henry Whitfield House Trustees, Guilford, 


Illinios State Historical Library, Spring- 
field, 111. 

Illinois Society S. A. R., Chicago, 111. 

Indiana State Library. Indianapolis. 

Indianapolis Public Library, Indianapolis, 

Iowa, Historical Dept. of, Des Moines, la 

Kansas City Public Library, Kansas City, 

Kansas Historical Society, Topeka, Kan. 

Lexington, Ky., Public Library. 
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 
Long Island Historical Society Library, 

Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Los Angeles, Cal., Public Library. 
Louisville Free Public Library, Louisville 

Lynn, Mass., Free Public Library . 

Maine State Library, Augusta, Me. 
Mary Willis Library, Washington, Ga. 
Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass. 
Mechanics Benevolent Association Library, 

Petersburg, Va. 
Mercantile Association Library, New York, 


Michigan State Library, Lansing, Mich. 
Milwaukee Public Library, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Minneapolis Athenaeum Library, Minne- 
apolis. Minn. 
Mt. Sterling Ohio Public Library. 

Nebraska University Library, Lincoln, Neb. 

Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

New Hampshire State Library, Concord 
N. H. 

Norfolk Public Library, Norfolk, Va. 

Northwestern University Library', Evans- 
ton, 111. 

Oberlin College Library, Oberlin, Ohio. 
Ohio State Library, Columbus, Ohio. 
Omaho Public Library, Omaha, Neb. 

Parliament Library, Ottawa, Canada. 

Peabody College for Teachers Library, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Md. 

Pennsylvania State College, State College, 

Pennsylvania State Library. Harrisburg, Pa. 

Peoria Public Library, Peoria, 111. 

Peauot Library, Southport, Conn. 

Philadelphia Institute Free Library, Chest- 
nut and 18th Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philadelphia Law Association Library, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pratt Free Library, Baltimore, Md. 

Princeton University Librc^ry, Princeton, 

Randolph-Macon College Library, Ash- 
land. Va. 

Randolph-Macon Womans College, Col- 
lege Park. Va. 

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary 

Louisville, Ky. 
Springfield City Library Association, 

Springfield, Mass. 
State Department Library, Washington, 

Stanford University Library, Cal. 
St. Joseph, Mo., Public Library. 
St. Louis Mercantile Library, St. Louis, 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Mo. 
Syracuse Public Library, Syracuse, N. J. 

Toronto Public Library, Toronto, Canada. 


Union Theological Seminary Library, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

University of California Library, Berkeley, 

University of Illinois Library, TJrbanna, 111. 

University of Indiana Library, Blooming- 
ton, Ind. 

University of Michigan^ Library, Ann Ar- 
bor, Mich. 

University of Minnesota Library, Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

University of North Carolina Library, 
Chapel Hill, N. C. 

University of Virginia Library, Charlottes- 
ville. Va. 

University of West Virginia Library, Mor- 
gantown, W. Va. 

Vanderbilt University Library, Nashville, 

Virginia State Library, Richmond, Va. 
Virginia Military Institute Library, Lex- 
ington, Va. 
Virginia Polytechnic Institute Library* 

Blacksburg, Va. 
War Department Library, Washington, 

D. C. 
West Virginia Department of Archives and 

History, Charleston, W. Va. 
Wheeling Public Library, Wheeling, W. Va. 
Worcester Free Public Library, Worcester, 

Wyoming Historical and Geological Soci» 

ety, Wilkes-Barre. Pa. 
Yale University Library, New Haven.Conn. 

LIBRARIES— Life Members. 

Boston Athenaeum Library, Boston, Mass, 

California State Library, Sacramento, Cal. 
Columbia College Library, New York, N. Y. 

Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. 

New York Public Library, New York, N. Y. 
New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Richmond College Library, Richmond, Va. 

Washington and Lee University Library, 
Lexington, Va. 


Virginia Historical Society 




February 15, 1913. 





Virginia Historical Society 


Annual Meeting Held February 15, 1913. 

The Annual Meeting was held at the Society's House, 707 
East Franklin Street, on Saturday, February 15th, at 4.30, 
P. M. The meeting was called to order with President Mc Cabe 
in the chair. 

The first business was the reading of the President's report, 
(which is printed below). Mr. Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Treas- 
urer of the Society, read his Annual Report, which is, as usual, 
here printed with that of the President. 

Annual Report of the President of the Virginia 
Historical society. 

I have the honor to submit the following Report, giving in 
detail the work of the Society and presenting a precise statement 
of its condition as to finances, membership, and property for the 
year ending Nov. 30, 1912. 

While no events or enterprises specifically noteworthy have 
marked the history of the Society during this time, the anti- 
quarian has only to compare the meagre "Proceedings" of 
eighty years ago when John Marshall (our first President) and 
Rives and Gushing and other illustrious men essayed with 


such original material as was known to them, to perpetuate the 
glories of the "Old Dominion" — one has only to compare what 
was then done, with the rich and varied contents of our Maga- 
zine of to-day (and indeed for a score of years past) , to recog- 
nize instantly how great has been the advance not only in 
wealth of original matter, but in the precise methods of its 
scientific presentation. 


But in one respect these illustrious pioneers and their follow- 
ers who made the Society possible, were guided by a virtue that 
we have only partially attained — they paid their debts. 

It is, indeed, with a deep-seated repugnance that we have 
again to dwell on the failtire of so many of ovir members to pay 
their annual dues and are driven once more to remonstrate with 
so many delinquents, who are abundantly able to pay, yet, who, 
through culpable negligence or through an indifference almost 
cynical, are deaf to the coiu-teous "reminders" of our collector. 

If these members could only be brought to realize how their 
failiire to pay their just debts often embarrasses the Society 
(which scrupulously pays its own), perhaps, they would, for 
very shame's sake, cease their inexcusable negligence (to use the 
most charitable phrase), and by prompt payment enable our ac- 
complished Editor and the Executive Committee to broaden the 
scope of the Magazine in certain directions already mapped out. 

In accordance with the warning contained in our last Annual 
Report, we dropped a considerable number of the most persis- 
tent of these delinquents, but the warning was not imiversally 
heeded, and it looks as if we shall have within a few weeks to 
protect oiurselves by making use of the same drastic procedure. 
Let us repeat here that notwithstanding a majority of these de- 
linquents are abimdantly able to pay their dues, there was still 
due the Society at the end of the fiscal year just ended the con- 
siderable sum of foiu* hundred dollars. 

It is, however, only just to add that some of these have paid, 
while this report was in preparation. 


The Executive Committee is determined to purge oiu* rolls 
completely of these conscienceless men and women who (to 
alter Shakespere a trifle) apparently consider it a sign of base 
slavery ever to pay, and who, regardless of the largely increased 
cost of bringing out the Magazine, accept our publications as 
a sort of inherent right. 

Nay, more, in the statement given above, there is not includ- 
ed a considerable amoimt of money due the Society by members, 
who explicitly pledged themselves to pay dues so long as their 
names remained on our rolls (be the time long or short), but who 
finding the Magazine interesting, have not held to their pledges, 
putting us off with the shabbiest of evasions. Of course, most of 
this money will never be collected, and "a last appeal" in this 
case is absolutely useless. 

Yet despite all this, the year has been on the whole a mate- 
rially prosperous one, and it is gratifying to state that, after 
making all deductions due to our unusually large and mournful 
necrology, to a few resignations, and to the delinquents dropped 
(as mentioned above) , our membership has increased from 758 
to 768, a net gain of ten over last year. 

And it is pertinent to draw special attention just here to the 
fact, that though the payment of dues has not been what we 
confidently expected after our former purging of the roll, the 
subjoined Treasurer's Report evidences conclusively that the fi- 
nancial condition of the Society is stronger than ever before. 

Treasurer's Report 
To The Virginia Historical Society. 

I have the honor to submit the following annual report for the fiscal 
year ending Nov. 30, 1912. 

Balance in Bank Dec. 1, 1912 S987.60 


Annual Dues $3075.55 

Life Members 100.00 

Sale of Magazines 136.85 

Sale of Publications 6.00 

Interest 630.78 


Rent 150.00 

Advertising 35.50 

Gift from Mrs. Byam K. Stevens for 

Permanent Fund 50.00 4184.68 

5172 28 

Salaries $1799.98 

Wages 305.00 

Postage and Express 109.21 

Repairs 186.25 

Books, binding and Stationery 104.24 

Sundry Bills 244.18 

Printing Magazines 1027.25 

To Permanent Fund 1250.00 

Insurance 6. 00 

Checks returned 24.50 5056.61 

Balance in Bank Nov. 30, 19121 115.67 

Permanent Fund. 

3% Certificate of Deposit $2000.00 

Mortgage, 5% from January 19, 1909 1000.00 

Mortgage, 5% running three years from July 11, 1910 5500.00 

Fifteen (15) Shares of stock in the Citizen's Bank of Nor- 
folk, Va., paying 12% dividend, estimated value 3900.00 


In accordance with an order of the Executive Committee the Treasurer 
presents the following tabulated statement, showing the sources from 
which the Permanent Fund is derived. What is termed "The Society's 
Fund" comprises the amoimt the Committee has been able to save 
from year to year out of the ordinary revenues of the Society. 

The Virginia Sturdivant McCabe Fund, given by the Pres- 
ident of the Society in memory of his granddaughter, Vir- 
ginia Sturdivant McCabe, born February 1, 1906, died 

August 11, 1909 500.00 

The Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne McCabe Fund given by 
the President of the Society in loving memory of his wife 
Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne McCabe, who died No- 
vember 22, 1912 500.00 

Daughters of the Ame«dcan Revolution Fund 100 . 00 

Byam K. Stevens Fund 650.00 

Edward Wilson James Fund 3900.00 

Society's Fund 6750.00 



It is very gratifying to note that since the last report the Permanent 
Fimd has increased $1300.00. Of this Amoiant $550.00 was derived from 
gifts, $300 . 00 from an increased value of bank stock and $450 . 00 added by 
the Committee from the earnings of the Society. This last addition was 
made in part from the receipts of two years. 

Mrs. Byam K. Stevens of New York City has added $50.00 to the gift 
of her late husband. This amount was duly acknowledged when received 
but the Executive Committee desires again to thank Mrs. Stevens. The 
first addition our Permanent Fvind received from an individual was from 
Mr. Stevens and we are not only grateful to Mrs. Stevens for her kindness 
but glad to have her name on our roll of members. 

The gift from the President of the Society to the Permanent Fund, at 
a time of deep personal sorrow, has caused the Committee to direct me 
to include in my report and to read to this meeting an expression of our 
gratitude, affection and sympathy and to assure him that this memorial 
to one, who in birth and character represented the best traditions of 
Virginia womanhood, shall be forever preserved. 



Additions to the Library. 

The additions to the Library in books and pamphlets number 
569 for the year 

The donors of books, to whom we desire to make special and 
most grateful acknowledgment, are ; Messrs James Branch Ca- 
bell, Gabriel Edmonston, P. H. Baskervill, Henry P. Ruggles, 
William C. Lusk, Floyd C. Shoemaker, John W. Townsend, 
Richard A. Austen-Leigh, M. A., (of England), Matthew P. An- 
drews, Woodberry Lowery, A. M. Pritchard, Thos. Willing 
Balch, John C. Underwood, M. W. Seymour, W. S. R. Parker, 
Gaston Lichenstein, Albert Matthews, Morgan P. Robinson, 
St. George T. C. Bryan, Henry R. Pollard, Oren F. Morton, J. 
C. McMasters, Philip Alexander Bruce, William G. Stanard, 
and Jas. F. Jameson (historians); Rev'^. D. M. Vorhees, D. D.; 
Professors C. H. Firth, J. P. McConnell and Alfred J. Morrison; 
Doctors Beverly W. Bond, Jr., J. G. B. Bulloch, McGiiire New- 
ton, and J. L. Miller; Col. Bennett H. Young, and Judge T. R. 
B. Wright; Mesdames C. R. Hyde, J. B. Henneman, Charles 
Howard, Charies B. Ball, Wm. G. Stanard, Mary Selden Ken- 
nedy, and Miss Stella P. Hardy. 


In addition (and quite apart from our great number of histori- 
cal and genealogical "Exchanges"), we have to note, with grate- 
ful acknowledgments, the reception of publications from the 
following institutions and organizations : the Virginia State Li- 
brary; the St. Andrew's Society of New York; the New York 
Bible and Prayer-Book Society; the Order of Foimders and 
Patriots of America; the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial 
Dames; the American Antiquarian Society; the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy; the Mt. Vernon Ladies' Associa- 
tion; the Commission on Archives of the General Conven- 
tion of the P. E. Church; the New Hampshire Bible Society; the 
Royal Society of Canada; the Proceedings of the Society of the 
Cincinnati in the States of Virginia, of New York, and of Dela- 
ware; the Library of Congress; the U. S. National Museimi; the 
Philadelphia Museums; the University of Alabama; the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina; Randolph Macon College; the Na- 
tional Society of the Sons of the American Revolution; the 
Southern Society of New York ; the American Clan Gregor So- 
ciety ; the Carnegie Institute ; and the Department of Archives 
of the State of New York. 

As always in preceding years, our library has been freely 
open to the public and made constant use of, while it is no exag- 
geration to say that the great majority of scholarly compilers or 
authors who have essayed to deal with American Colonial his- 
tory of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries or with Amer- 
ican genealogies of those periods, have made extensive investi- 
gations in our unique manuscript collections. 

All accessions to the Library that have come to us unbound, 
have been carefully catalogued and placed in stout cases (or 
"binders"), which now number 250. Such pamphlets as are 
too large for ordinary "binders" have been substantially bound 
in cloth. 

During the year, a large map-case has been placed in oiu" rooms 
and a portion of "the Gilmer Collection" (an invaluable set of 
contemporaneous war-maps (1861-64) made under the imme- 
diate eye of the distinguished Confederate Chief of Engineers, 
Major-Gen. J. F. Gilmer, and presented to the Society by his 
daughter, Mrs. Louise Gilmer Minis, of Savannah, Georgia) has 


been arranged therein, so as to be easy of access to military 
students. On close inspection it was decided that the remain- 
ing maps needed some minute repairs, and as soon as these re- 
pairs are all finished, the maps will be at once placed in their re- 
spective cases. 

As stated in our last report, this collection of maps is of the 
first importance to scientific students of the war between the 


Among other gifts, one of the most notable is a large and hand- 
some book-case which has attached to it a certain historic inter- 
est, and which was presented to the society by MissWoodbridge, 
Mrs. Goodnow and Mrs Bell, daughters of the Rev"*. Dr. George 
Woodb ridge. Rector for many years of the Monumental chiirch 
in this city, whom some of us remember to have seen busily 
drilling the raw levies that every day poured into Richmond from 
the South, for he vv^as a graduate of West Point, class-mate of 
Albert Sidney Johnston and a staunch supporter of the Confed- 
erate cause from start to finish. This book -case was made to 
order for President Jeft'erson Davis, but he for some reason fail- 
ing to take it, Dr. Woodbridge bought it. It is not only in 
itself a very handsome piece of furniture, but it has proved of 
great practical service to us in providing additional shelf -room, 
of v/hich we still stand in grievous need. 

We may note also (1) photographs of the Lee and Davis monu- 
ments, given by William G. Stanard, (2) an old Seal ring bearing 
the arms of Capt. John Smith (not the great John Smith, the vir- 
tual founder of Virginia, whose arms are still fraudulently borne 
by Major-General Sir Baden-Powell, but of Capt. John Smith, a 
stout Gloucester county fanner), presented to the Society by his 
direct lineal descendant Mrs. Mary G. Anderson, of Jackson- 
ville, Fla.; (3) the MS. Account Book (1794-1822) of Dr. John 
Walker, of "Kingston," Dinwiddle County, Va., presented by 
Dr. John Walker Broadnax ; (4) thirty-one engravings and pho- 
tographs of the Presidents and Trustees of Hampden-Sidney 
College, given by Prof. Alfred J. Morrison, the accomplished 


historian of that famous old seat of learning; (5) a large collec- 
tion of Confederate currency of aU denominations, from the 
United States Treasury Department; (6) Land Grants signed by 
the Royal Governors, Farquhar and Dinwiddle, and other MSS. 
of value, presented by Miss Lucie P. Stone, of Hollins, Va. 

All gifts of single manuscripts, photographs, etc., were ac- 
knowledged by our Secretary at the time received, but we wish 
to return our thanks again. 

In view of the fact that ' ' dealers ' ' in the rich cities of the North 
and West are keener than ever before in their quest of MSS. of 
historic value, offering in a great many instances exorbitant 
sums for them, and that owners of like MSS. in the South are 
men of moderate means, who do not feel justified in giving away 
letters and documents, the price of which would purchase many 
substantial comforts for those nearest and dearest to them — it is 
not likely that the Society's Collections wiU, in the future, 
be increased by such liberal donations and bequests as in the 

Publication Committee. 

Vol. XX of our Quarterly Magazine was published during 
1912 and was conducted on the same high plane that its readers 
look for in it, both at home and abroad.. 

The Randolph Manuscript (a compilation of Seventeenth Cen- 
tury Records, the originals of which were long years ago destroy- 
ed by fire), which has proved a priceless mine of first-hand in- 
formation to all recent writers, who have undertaken to tell the 
story of our earliest Colonial history, ran through the year (cov- 
ering in the latest instalments the years 1688-90-92), as did 
also various "Commissions" of Governor Nicholson and Lord 

The second series of Miscellaneous Colonial Documents, cop- 
ied from unpublished records in the Virginia State Library, was 
brought to completion. 

Mr. Lathrop Withington, owing to great pressure of profes- 
sional business, was able to complete but two instalments of 
his transcripts of the "Minutes of the Council and General 


Court of Virginia" (1622-24), but this keen antiquarian and 
indefatigable scholar has recently sent us the remaining tran- 
scripts of the first volume, and these will be published promptly 
and without further interrruption. 

It may be said, without fear of successful contradiction, that 
no printed document whatever dealing with early Colonial Vir- 
ginia history is of more solid and illumining value than these 
"Minutes," of which we shall have a word to say further on, 
when we touch upon our prospective plans. 

Mr. Withington's, Virginia Gleanings in England, consisting of 
extracts from wills relating to early settlers in Virginia, have been 
published during the year, and, as heretofore, have attracted keen 
interest and elicited much lauditory comment, shedding as they 
do. in most delightful fashion, varied and most valuable side- 
lights on the social and economic life of our early Colonial era. 
We have not seldom before had ocassion to make special mention 
of Mr. Withington's most generous services to this Society, but 
we cannot refrain from expressing once more our cordial grati- 
tude to this skilled antiquarian (who stands "at the very top" 
of his craft) for the munificent gift of liis time, his money, and 
trained learning, that he has made for so many years (and still 
continues to make) to the single-minded end of supporting our 
efforts to make better known to the world the true history of 
this ancient Commonwealth. 

Notable among these "Gleanings" published during this year 
of 1912, have been the wills of Samuel Each, who came to Vir- 
ginia as early as 1622 (the year of "the Great Massacre") "to 
build a fort, " and of Col. Daniel Parke, who served on the Diike 
of Marlborough's staff, and who, for splendid services on the 
field, was chosen by that illustrious soldier to be the bearer of 
despatches to her Majesty, Queen Anne, announcing the bril- 
liant victory of Blenheim. 

The Orderiy Books (1778-9) of the Continental Army have 
been pubUshed in three instalments and continue to throw im- 
portant light on the conduct of affairs in the anny serving im- 
mediately under Washington. 

Owing to pressure of official business, precisely as was the case 
with Mr. Withington, Messrs Flagg and Waters were able to fur- 


nish us with but three instalments of their very important "Vir- 
gmla Eevolutiomary Bibliography and Lists of Regimental Of- 
ficers' ', but these steadfast friends of the Society are once more 
busy at their task and the series will begin again during 1913. 

The notable series of Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, as well 
as the Complete Transcripts from the original papers in the Brit- 
ish Public Records Office (now in the State Library and com- 
monly known as the "De Jamette," "Winder," and "McDon- 
ald ' ' Papers) have run through each number of the Magazine. 
The year 1676 was reached in our collection of these "Abstracts, " 
while another collection of the Complete Transcripts , from 1665 
on, was begun in our pages. These papers, which consist mainly 
of letters, though they also include communications of a more 
formal character from the English Government to Virginia 
Colonial officials (and vice-versa) , are of high historical import. 

Among other important docimients that we have printed dur- 
ing the year, are (1) copies of two very striking "Tobacco Acts ", 
one of 1725, the other of 1729, neither of which can be found in 
Hening's Statutes; (2) a number of Revolutionary "Pension 
Declarations," from Pittsylvania County, Va., very helpful in 
giving details of Militia Revolutionary service in the Common- 
wealth; (3) a list of obituary notices contained in the Richmond 
newspapers, ranging from 1788 to 1821, the value of which is 
obvious to all engaged in biographical and genealogical research ; 
(4) a collection of letters from George Washington Parke Custis 
to his guardian and adoptive father, George Washington, and (5) 
another collection of letters (notable for completeness and count- 
less graphic touches) exchanged between George Hume or Home 
(for the same pronunciation of the name obtains in Scotland, 
whether spelled with an o or u), and his "ainfolk" over-seas — 
he being a cadet of the famous Wedderbum family, who, having 
settled as a young man in Virginia, kept up this spirited corres- 
pondence with kinsmen in Scotland. 

The other departments of our Magazine have been replete 
with matter of historical value, sometimes amusing, sometimes 
prosaic, but always throwing unconciously valuable side-lights 
on the daily life of the time . 


In "Notes and Queries" have appeared (1) many transcripts 
from historical documents in England; (2) from the records of 
Prince Edward County, Va., in regard to the "Virginia Yazoo 
Company" (3) a number of Confederate Copyrights of signal 
value to Confederate Bibliographists; (4) a series of most 
interesting extracts from what has been left (after the shameful 
pillage by the Federal armies during '62 and '63) of the Colonial 
records of Prince George and Caroline Counties, Va.; and (5) 
numerous other "Notes" on historical and antiquarian subjects, 
which it seemed best to us to classify imder this title. 

The department of Book-Reviews has maintained its usual 
high standard, the reviews in most cases, so far from being of a 
perfimctory kind almost invariably supplementing the knowl- 
edge of the author by additional information from the reviewer, 
germane to the subject discussed. The same is true of the Ge- 
nealogical section, which has kept up its long-established repu- 
tation for rigid accuracy, while offering suggestive clues in 
cases where absolute proof is lacking. 

And now a word concerning the prospective plans of the Ed- 
itor and our "Executive Committee" 

As has been said above, it is now reasonably certain that the 
Randolph Manuscript v/ill be finished during 1913, and it is 
worth considering whether the whole of it (as presented in the 
pages of the Magazine) shall not be offered to the public in 
book-form at a moderate price. As regards the "Abstracts" 
and Transcripts in full from the British Public Records Office, 
already alluded to, it may be noted that our objective point in 
this series (the year 1700) will probably not be reached until the 
close of the coming year. 

The first volume of the "Minutes of the Council and General 
Court of Virginia (1622-24) will most probably be finished in 
1913, and the presentation of the second volume in like consecu- 
utive form demands careful consideration. It is to be borne in 
mind that , in the earlier volumes of the Magazine, we have al- 
ready printed every extract made years ago from this second 
volume of Minutes by the late Conway Robinson , a profound 
jurist, keen antiquarian and a most devoted member of this So- 


ciety, but it is known to close historical students that his omis- 
sions were not infrequent. As to how much he did omit, can only 
be determined by the most minute collation. On this hinges 
the whole question of reproducing this second volume in its con- 
secutive entirety. 

It may also be noted here that there are now in the Congres- 
sional Library many luipublished doctunents relating to this 
period, transcribed of recent years (by the trained staff of the 
Library's copyists) from the originals in the British Public 
Records Office. All of these we propose to publish with the 
generous consent of the officials of that great Library. When 
we shall have done this and finished the Randolph Manuscript 
and the Minutes of the Council and General Court, together 
with some few other dociunents, the Committee will have ac- 
complished its ambition to make accessible in print to histori- 
cal students the whole body of Seventeenth Century documents, 
that bear an intimate and essential relation to Virginia history 
of that time. 

We expect to finish during the coming year the Revolutionary 
Orderly Books, and to begin again in our April number the se- 
ries dealing with Virginia Soldiers of the Revolution . For a 
continuation of Revolutionary Pension Claims space will also be 
found. As our readers must have observed, the history of the 
services of Virginia troops during the Revolution has become a 
special feature of the Magazine, and it is our purpose to extend 
more and more its scope in this direction. For instance, the 
series of Legislative Petitions and other documents dealing with 
the earlier periods of the Revolution, as well as those bearing on 
events immediately subsequent to that momentous struggle 
which were necessarily suspended some few years ago, will soon 
be recommenced. 

Of course. Notes and Queries, Genealogies, Book-Reviews, 
Gleanings, and other established departments will be continu- 

The Magazine it may be said without immodesty, has long 
since won, and still holds, its place among the foremost historical 
quarterlies and journals pubHshed whether at home or abroad, 
and your Committee ventures again to make grateful acknowl- 


edgment of the learning, industry, and consumate skill of its 
editor, Mr. Wm. G. Stanard, whose name, despite his innate 
modesty, is a "household word" to scholars and antiquarians 
the world over. 

Sister Societies. 

The chief work of the "Association for the Preservation of 
Virginia Antiquities," during the year 1912, has been the ex- 
quisite restoration and appropriate refurnishing of the old 
"John Marshall House. " No doubt, before this report is read, 
it will be open to the public, who will wander with delight 
through the simple, yet spacious mansion of "the great Chief 
Justice, " whose refined home it was for so many happy years. 

The "Colonial Dames of America in the State of Virginia" 
have arranged to mark with appropriate tablets the birth-places 
of Presidents of the United States, who were bom and reared in 
our "Old Dominion." 


Life Members. 

J. C. Langhome, Salem, Va. 

W. L. Sheppard, Richmond, Va. 

Annual Members. 

J. LiNwooD Antrim, Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Catherine Throckmorton Breeding, Philadelphia, 

Dr. G. C. Greenway, Hot Springs, Ark. 

Adrian H. Joline, New York City. 

Dr. Sterling Loving, Columbus, Ohio (died 1911) 

James Martin, Philadelphia, Pa. (died 1911) 

J. H. NoBLiT, Philadelphia, Pa. (died 1911) 

Mrs. Eliza L. Potwin, Chicago, 111. 

Ro. G. Rennolds, Richmond, Va. 


James M. Rice, Peoria, 111. 

John Vermillion, Norfolk, Va. 

William Minor Woodward, Richmond, Va. 

Over all of them, we breathe our simple, yet heart-felt requi- 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 



On motion Vice-President Valentine was requested to take 
the Chair and the thanks of the Society were returned to Presi- 
dent McCabe for his report and his services to the Society. 

Mr. W. G. Stanard stated that he desired to call the attention 
of the Society to the valuable collection of unpublished papers 
relating to the early history of Virginia, which are in the Li- 
brary of Congress, especially the copies made by Miss Kingsbury 
from the Ferrar papers. On motion the Corresponding Secretary 
was directed, if the consent of the Librarian of Congress be ob- 
tained, to have photostat copies made of a certain number of 
these papers. 

The attention of the meeting was called to a report that the 
very valuable supplementary list of Virginia Revolutionary 
Soldiers (containing about 18,000 names) which has been pre- 
pared by the State Library might not be printed. 

On motion it was imanimously resolved that Messrs McCabe 
and Stanard be requested to call on the State Librarian or the 
Governor of Virginia, and m-ge the publication at once of this 
very important list, and the follov/ing resolutions, offered by 
Mr. Morgan P. Robinson were also adopted, the measures pre 
scribed in them to be taken if necessary. 

WHEREAS, the Virginia State Library Report for 1911 con- 
tained, as the report of the Department of Archives and History, 
a List of Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, containing the names 
of some thirty-six thousand (36,000) Virginians,'^ who partici- 
pated in the Revolution; and 


WHEREAS, the Report not only made no claim to even an 
approximate completeness, but also anticipated a continuation 
of this work through the publication of supplemental reports 
from time to time, as additional data should become available; 

WHEREAS, at the time of the preparation of this initial Re- 
port, no access was permitted to the large mass of records on 
file in the Adjutant General's Office in Washington; and 

WHEREAS, by War Department Orders of March 26th, 
1912, access is now permitted to these records, and in accor- 
dance therewith the State Library has at much expense had 
photostat copies made of several hundred muster-rolls of Vir- 
ginia troops, from which copies, the Department of Archives 
and History prepared a supplemental Report, containing some 
eighteen thousand (18,000) additional names, which Report was 
duly forwarded to the Superintendent of Public Printing as a 
portion of the Annual Report of the Virginia State Library; and 

WHEREAS, the Library Board has been at much expense in 
compiling and preparing the said supplemental Report; and 

WHEREAS, the status of Virginia's contribution to the Rev- 
olution cannot be properly rated or evaluated imtil we have 
complete information upon the subject, — and that in an easily 
available form; 

FIRST— That the said Society, — appreciating the great 
value of this new and heretofore unavailable data and its ab- 
solute necessity in any just interpretation of the State's par- 
ticipation in the American Revolution, — does hereby respect- 
fully request His Excellency the Governor of Virginia, to take 
such steps as may be necessary to have this supplemental Re- 
port printed in full, and thus preserve this important and not 
otherwise available link in the history of the State of Virginia; 

SECOND — That copies of these resolutions be sent to the 
members of the Library Board and to the members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly from the City of Richmond, and that copies be 
given to the press, — all of whom are requested to co-operate 
with the Virginia Historical Society to the end that the said 
Report be printed in full ; and 


THIRD — That a copy of these resolutions be sent to his 
Excellency, the Governor, with the request that he do give them 
his earnest consideration, and that he do take such steps as may 
be necessary in the premises. 

The next business was the election of officers and members of 
the Board. 

On motion a nominating committee was appointed. The 
President appointed Messrs. J. H. Eckenrode and M. P. Robin- 
son members of a Nominating Committee. They retired and on 
returning recommended the re-election of all the officers and 
members of the Board as follows; 

President — W. Gordon McCabe. 

Vice-Presidents, — Archer Anderson, Edward V. Valentine 
and Lyon G. Tyler. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian, — ^William G. Stanard. 

Recording Secretary, — David C. Richardson. 

Treasurer, — Robert A. Lancaster, Jr. 

Executive Committee,— C. V. Meredith, C. W. Kent, W. 
Meade Clark, A. C. Gordon, S. S. P. Patteson, S. H. Yonge, 
William H. Pahner, Rt. Rev. A. M. Randolph, John Stewart 
Bryan, Daniel Grinnan, J. P. McGuire, Jr., and William A. 

There being no further business, on motion, the meeting ad- 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXI. APRIL, 1913. No. 2 


Virginia Seventeenth Century Records. 

From the Original in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 

Commission and Instruction to the Eari of Orkney for the Gov- 
ernment of Virginia. 


20. And it having been further represented th&,t a Duty to 
be raised upon Liquors Imported into our said Colony would 
be the most easy Means that can be found out for the better 
Support of that Government, You are therefore to recommend 
to the Assembly the raising of such Impost & continuance of 
the same, which you shall Permit them to Appropriate in such 
Manner that it be apply 'd to the Uses of the Government and 
to None Other whatsoever. 


21. You are to take Care that in all Acts or Orders to be 
Pass'd within that our Colony in any Case for Levying Money 
or Imposing fines & Penalties express mention be made that the 
Same is Granted or reserv'd to Us Our Heirs and Successors for 
the Publick Uses of that Our Colony, and the Support of the 
Government thereof, as by the said Act or Order Shall be di- 

22. Whereas we have been inform 'd that during the late 
War Intelligence has been had in France of the State of our 
Plantations by letters from private Persons to their Corres- 
pondents in great Britain taken on board Ships coming from 
the Plantations and carry'd into France which may be of Dan- 
gerous consequence OUR WILL & PLEASURE is that 
you Signify to all Merchants Planters and Others that they be 
very Cautious in time of War whenever that shall happen in 
giving any Accoimt by Letters of the Publick State and Condi- 
tion of our Colony & Dominion of Virginia, and You are further 
to give directions to all Masters of Ships or Other Persons to 
whom you may Intrust your Letters that they put Such Letters 
into a Bagg, with Sxifficient Weight to Sink the Same immedia- 
diately in Case of Iminent Danger from the Enemy, and you 
are also to let the Merchants and Planters know how greatly 
it is for their Interest that their Letters shou'd not fall into the 
hands of the Enemy and therefore that they shou'd give the 
like Orders to the Masters of Ships in relation to their Letters; 
And you are further to advise all Masters of Ships that they do 
Sink all Letters in Case of Danger in the Manner aforesaid. 

23. And Whereas in the late War the Merchants and Plan- 
ters in the West Indies did Correspond and Trade with the 
French and Carry Intelligence to them to the great Prejudice 
and Hazard of the British Plantations, You are therefore by 
all Possible Methods to endeavour to hinder aU such Trade and 
Correspondence with the French whose Strength in the West In- 
dies gives very Just Apprehensions of the Mischiefs that may 
ensue if the utmost Care be not taken to prevent them. 

24. And Whereas Several Inconveniencies have Arisen to 
Our Government in the Plantations by Gifts and Presents made 
to our Governors by the General Assembly IT IS OUR EX- 


PRESS WILL AND PLEASURE that neither you our Gov 
emor Lieutenant Governor Commander in Chief or President 
in the Coimcil of our Colony of Virginia for the time being do 
give your or their Consent to the Passing any Law or Act for 
any Gift or Present to be made to you or them by the Assembly 
and that neither you nor they do receive any Gifts or Presents 
from the Assembly or others on any Account; or in any Manner 
whatsoever upon Pain of our highest displeasure and of being 
recall'd from that our Government. 

25. And we do further direct and require that this declara- 
tion of our Royal Will and Pleasure be Communicated to the 
Assembly at their first Meeting after your arrival in that Colony 
and Enter'd in the Registers of our Coimcil and Assembly that 
all Persons whom it may concern may govern themselves ac- 

26. And Whereas we are Willing in the best Maimer to 
provide for the Support of the Government in Virginia by Set- 
ting a Part a Sufficient allowance to such as shall be our Lieu- 
tenant Governor or Commander in Chief residing for the time 
being within the Same OUR WILL AND PLEASURE THERE 
FORE IS That when it shall happen that you shall absent 
yourself from Our said Colony, one full Moiety of the Salary & 
of all Perqmsites & Emoltmients whatsoever which wou'd other- 
wise become due unto you shall during the time of your Absence 
from the said Colony be paid and Satisfy'd unto Such Lieut. 
Governor, or Commander in Chief or President of our Coimcil 
who shall be resident upon the place for the time being, which 
we do hereby Order and allot to him towards his Maintenance 
and for the better Support of the Dignity of our Government. 

27. And Whereas great Prejudice may happen to our Ser- 
vice and to the security of that Colony by your Absence from 
those Parts without Sufficient Cause & Especial Leave from us 
for Prevention thereof You are not upon any Pretence whatso- 
ever to come to Europe from your Government without having 
first Obtain'd leave for so doing from us under Our Sign Manual 
and Signet or by our Order in our Privy Council, Yet Neverthe- 
less in Case of Sickness you may go to New York or any other 
of our Neighbouring Plantations and there stay for such a Space 


of time as the recovery of your Health may absolutely require. 

28. You are not to Permit any Clause whatsoever to be in- 
serted in any Law for Levying Money or the Value of Money 
whereby the same shall not be made lyable to be accotmted for 
unto Us here in Great Britain and to our Commissioners of our 
Treasury or Our High Treasurer for the time being. 

29. And We do particularly require and Enjoin you upon 
Pain of OvLT Highest displeasure to take care that fair Books of 
Accounts of all Receipts and Payments of all such Money be 
dvdy kept and the truth thereof Attested upon Oath, And that 
the said Book be transmitted every half Year or Oftener to our 
Commissioners of our Treasury or to o\ir high Treastu-er for the 
time being and to our Commission'ers for Trade and Plantations 
and Duplicates thereof by the next Conveyance in which Books 
shall be Specify'd every Particular Sum rais'd or dispos'd of 
together with the Names of the Persons to whom any Payment 
shall be made to the End we may be Satisfy'd of the Right 
and due Application of the Revenues of our Said Colony. 

30. You are not to Suffer any Publick money whatsoever to 
be issued or Dispos'd of otherways than by Warrant under 
your hand by and with the Advice of ovlt said Council, But the 
Assembly may nevertheless be permitted from time to time to 
View & Examine the Accoimts of Money or Value of Money 
dispos'd of by Vertue of Laws made by them, which you are to 
Signify unto them as there shall be Occasion. 

that no Law for raising any Imposition on Wines and other 
Strong Liquors be made to Continue for less than one whole 
Year as also that all other Laws whatsoever for the good Gov- 
ernment and Support of the said Colony be made Indefinite and 
without Limitation of time except the Same be for a Temporary 
end and which shall expire and have its full Effect within a 
Certain time. 

32. AND THEREFORE you Shall not Re-Enact any Law 
which hath or Shall have been once Enacted there Except upon 
very Urgent Ocassions, but in no Case more than once without 
our Express consent. 


33. You shall take Care that an Act Pass'd here in the Sixth 
Year of the Reign of her late Majesty Queen Anne for Ascer- 
taining the Rates of foreign Coins in our Plantations in America 
be daily observ'd and put in Execution. 

34. And You are particularly not to pass any Law, or do any 
Act, by Grant Settlement or Otherwise whereby our Revenue 
may be lessen'd or Impair'd without our Especial leave or Com- 
mand therein. 

35. You shall take Care that the Members of the Assembly 
be Elected only by Freeholders as being more agreeable to the 
Custom of this Kingdom to which you are as near as may be to 
Conform yourself. 

36. You shall reduce the Salary of the Members of the As- 
sembly to such a Moderate Proportion as may be no grievence to 
the Cotmtry wherein Nevertheless you are to use your discre- 
tion, so as no inconvenience may arise thereby. 

37. Whereas an Act has been Pass'd in Virginia on 16 April 
in the Year 1684 Entitled an Act for Altering the time of hold- 
ing General Courts, You are to Propose to the Next Assembly 
(if the Same be not already done) that a clause be added to the 
said Act whereby it may be provided that the Power of Appoint- 
ing Courts to be held at any time whatsoever remain in you 
or the Commander in Chief of that our said Colony for the time 

38. You shall not remit any fines or forfeitures whatsoever 
above the Stun of Ten Pounds, nor dispose of any Escheats 
fines or forfeitures whatsoever until upon Signifying unto 
our Commissioners of our Treasury, or Our high Treasurer 
for the time being, and to oiu- Commissoners for Trade and 
Plantations, the Nature of the Offence and the Occasion of such 
fines forfeitures or Escheats with the Particular Sums or Value 
thereof which you are to do with all Speed Until you shall have 
receiv'd our Directions therein, But you may in the mean time 
Suspend the Payment of the said Fines and Forfeitures. 

39. You are to require the Secretary of our Said Colony or 
his Deputy for the time being to furnish you with Transcripts 
of all such Acts and Publick Orders as shall be made from time 


to time together with a Copy of the Journals of the Council to 
the end the same transmitted Unto us, and to our Commission- 
ers for Trade and Plantations as above directed, which he is 
duly to perform upon Pain of incurring the Forfeiture of his 

40. You are also to require from the Clerk of the Assembly 
or other Proper Officer Transcripts of all the Journals and other 
Proceedings of the said Assembly to the end the same may in 
like manner be transmitted as aforesaid. 

41. You are likewise to send a list of all Officers Employ 'd 
under your Government together with all Publick Charges, and 
an Account of the Present Revenue with the Probability of 
the Increase or Diminution of it imder every head or Article 

42. You shall not displace any of the Judges, Justices, Sher- 
ifs or other Officers or Ministers within our said Colony without 
good and Sufficient cause to be Signified to us and to our Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations. 

43. And to prevent Arbitrary removals of Judges and Jus- 
tices of the Peace You are not to express any Limitation of 
time in the Commissions which you are to Grant (with the 
Advice and Consent of our said Council) to Persons fit for 
those Employments nor shall you Execute by yourself or 
Deputy any of the said Offices nor Suffer any Person to Ex- 
ecute more Offices than One by Deputy. 

44. Whereas there are Several Offices within our said Col- 
ony Granted imder our Great Seal of this Kingdom and that 
our Service may be very much prejudiced by reason of the ab- 
sence of the Patentees and by their Appointing Deputies not 
fit to Officiate in their Stead You are therefore to Inspect the 
said Offices and to Enquire into the Capacity and behaviour of 
the Persons now Exercising them, and to Report thereupon to 
us and to our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations what 
you think fit to be done or Alter'd in relation theretmto, & 
you are upon the Misbehaviour of any of the said Patentees or 
their Deputies to Suspend them from the Execution of their 
Places till you shall have represented the whole Matter and re- 
ceive our Directions therein, and in Case of the Suspension of 


URE that you take Care that the Person appointed to Execute 
the Place during such Suspension do give Sufficient Security to 
the Person Suspended to be answerable to him for the Pro- 
fits accruing during such Suspension in Case we shall think 
fit to restore him to his Place again But you shall not by Colour 
of any Power or Authority hereby or Otherwise Granted or 
mention'd to be Granted imto you take upon you to give Grant 

Dispose of any Office or Place within our said Colony which 
now is or shall be Granted under the Great Seal of Great Britain 
any otherwise than that you may upon the Vacancy of any such 
Place or Office or Suspension of any such Officer by you as 
aforesaid put in any fit Person to Officiate in the Interval till 
you shall have represented the Matter imto us and to our Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations as aforesaid, which you 
are to do by the first Opportunity and till the said Office or 
Place be dispos'd of by Us, Our Heirs or Successors imder the 
Great Seal of Great Britain, or that our further Directions be 
given therein And OUR WILL AND PLEASURE is that you 
do Countenance and give all due Encouragement to all our 
Patent Officers in the Enjoyment of their Legal and Accustomed 
Fees, Rights, Privileges, and Emolimients according to the true 
Intent and meaning of their Patents. 

45. Whereas We are above all things desirous that, all Our 
Subjects may enjoy their Legal Rights and Properties You are 
to take Especial Care that if any Person be Committed for 
any Criminal Matters imless for Treason & Felony, plainly 
and Especially expressed in the Warrant of Commitment 
to have free Liberty to Petition by himself or otherwise 
the Chief Barron or any one of the Judges of the Common 
Pleas for a Writ of Habeas Corpus, which upon such 
Application shall be granted and Served on the Provost 
Marshall Goaler or other Officer having the Custody of such 
Prisoner, or shall be left at the Goal or Place where the Prisoner 
is confin'd and the said Provost Marshall or other Officer shall 
within three days after such service on the Petitioners Paying 
the Fees & Charges, and giving Security that he will not escape 
by the way make return of the Writ and Prisoner before the 


Judge who granted out the said Writ and there Certify the 
true Cause of the Imprisonment, and the said Baron or 
Judge shall Discharge such Prisoner taking his Recognizance 
and Sureties for his Appearance at the Court where the 
Offence is Cognizable, and Certifie the said Writ and Recogni- 
zance into the Court tmless Such Offences appear to the said 
Baron or Judge not Bailable by the Law of England. 

46. And in Case the Said Baron or Judge shall refuse to 
grant a Writ of Habeas Corpus on View of the Copy of Com- 
mitment or upon Oath made of such Copy having been deny'd 
the Prisoner or any Person requiring the Same in his behalf 
or shall delay to discharge the Prisoner after the granting such 
Writ the said Baron or Judge shall incur the forfeiture of his 

47. You are likewise to declare our Pleasure that in Case the 
Provost Marshal or other Officer shall Imprison any Person 
above Twelve Hours except by a Mittimus setting forth the 
Cause thereof he be removed from his said Office. 

48. And upon the Application of any Person wrongfully 
Committeed the Baron or Judge shall issue his Warrant to the 
Provost Marshall or other Officer to bring the Prisoner before 
him who shall be discharged without Bail or Paying Fees, & 
the Provost Marshall or other Officer refusing Obedience to 
such Warrant shall be thereupon removed, and if the said Baron 
or Judge denies the Warrant he shall likewise Incur the forfeit- 
ure of his Place. 

49. And You shall give directions that no Prisoner being 
set at large by an Habeas Corpus be recommitted for the said 
Offence but by the Court where he is bound to appear and if 
any Baron, Judge, Provost Marshall or other Officer contrary 
hereunto shall recommit such Person so Bail'd or deliver 'd you 
are to remove him from his Place, and if the Provost Marshall 
or other Officer having the Custody of the Prisoner neglects to 
return the Habeas Corpus or refuses a Copy of the Committ- 
ment within Six hours after demand made by the Prisoner or 
any other in his behalf shall likewise Incurr the forfeiture of his 


50. And for the better Prevention of long Imprisonments 
you are to appoint two Courts of Oyer & Terminer to be held 
Yearly, Viz, on the Second Thursday in December and the 
Second Tuesday in June, the Charge whereof to be paid by the 
Publick Treasury of Our said Colony not exceeding One Hund- 
red Pounds each Session. 

51. You are to take Care that all Prisoners in Case of Trea- 
son or Felony have free Liberty to Petition in Open Courts for 
their Tryals, that they be indicted at the first Coiut of Oyer 
and Terminer unless it appears upon Oath that the Witnesses 
against them cou'd not be produced and that they be try'd the 
Second Court or discharg'd and the Baron or Judge upon Mo- 
tion made the last Day of the Sessions in Open Court is to Bail 
the Prisoners, or upon the refusal of the said Baron or Judge 
and Provost Marshal or Other Officer to do their respective 
Duties herein they shall be remov'd from their Places. 

(To be Continued.) 


VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies of the McDonald and 
De Jarnette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


Letter of Thomas Ludwell, June 24, 1667 
Dutch fleet in Hampton Roads 

[Printed in this Magazine iv, 229-236] 

Thomas Ludwell to Lord Berkeley, June 24, 1667 

[Printed in this Magazine iv, 236-240; but the following 
postscript was not printed] 

My lord the shallop taken by the Dutch mentioned in our 
declaration was bound with one Galpin to Cape fere to bring 
of some people from thence where they are in great distresse, to 
w"*" they are reduced more by factiom then necessity if what Mr. 
Vassall wrights be true, and wast and this Galpin is the cheife 
promoter of that desertion of w'** I will give your honnor a fuller 
acco* when I am a little more composed my lord. I have like- 
wise by the Cover'"' comand sent you our proceedings in y" 
cessation* and a Coppy of the lord Baltemores instnun* whereby 
he makes it voyd, w*"^ our declaration ag* him w"*" the Cover' 
desires you to comand Coll Moryson to deliver when time serves; 
if the west country men complanye for the losse of theire shipps, 
I beseech you Lord^ to consider one argument more, w'='' is, 
that the Cover' issued out his order to the collectors in every 
river not to cleere theire shipps till the 10'^'' June w*='' was five 
dayes after theire losse, w'='' order had y*^ masters obeyed they 

f-Tobacco plantation. 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 123 

had been safe as many as belonged to this Govemm* and for 
those who belonged to Maryl*^ they came at theire pleasure and 
never came neer the Gover' for any orders though they saw 
there was noe fort at poynt comfort in w''*' place I believe they 
have confidence though there be noe gunns. 

L^ Barcley of Stratton 

Memoranda that the representation of the Govern ■■ & Coun- 
cill following here a second time was taken away. 
for the Right Hono'ble John Lord Berkeley of Stratton one of 
the Lords of his Ma'ties most hono'ble Privy Councell. 24 
Jime 1667. 

Thomas Ludwell to Lord 
John Berkley. 

Original O & P. 

Henry Norwood to Secretary Williamson 

Most Hon''! S^ July 17, '67. 

When I wayted on you some time since to enterteyne you 
w**" some discoures touching the affayeres of Virginia, you were 
pleased (p'paratory to such discourse) to desire a sight of his 
Ma'tyes Grant now depending in some short extract and also 
the heads of a former Charter made to the Company that first 
planted there. 

For 3 weeks past I have beene confined to my Chamber by 
a troublesome distemper w'^^to this houre will not give me leave 
to kiss yo' hands w^^'both the s^ papers, and in this expectation 
of paying you that respect, I have hindered M^ Ludwell to 
sollicite y" on y" same acc*^ whose coment uppon each particu- 
lar will much enlighten the obscurityes thereof when ere y'u 


shall be pleased to admitt him to y'' audience for y* purpose, 
here inclosed are the 2 papers, and I most truly remayne 

¥"■ most humble and 

most obedient serv* 
[signed] H. Norwood. 


For the right Hon'ble S''. Joseph WiUiamson Principall sec- 
retary of State at Whitehall 
17'»' July, 1667. 

Grievances of Virginia 

According to yo*" hon" desire I have Inserted what Could 
gather by Severall in Virginia what might be their grievances. 

Imp 'mis 

The extream and grievous taxes they ly under Continually 
and yet the tobaccoes that are Raised not expended to the de- 
sired end. 

as First severall himdred thousand. Raised for building of 
forts and yet no forts that any wayes serviceable built in the 

2 Several hundred thousand Raised for maintaining of 
Agents in England as Major generall Smith ; Secretary Ludwell ; 
& Coll Parkes and yet no businesse effected. 

Sly. 2 millions of taboccoes Raised for building of forts at 
the heads of the Rivers upon great mens new plantations and 

2 The great Injiiryes that is done in Courts by the Insinua- 
tion of some that make advantages by the govemo'" passion, 
age, or weaknesse. 

3 the great sway that those of the Council bear over the 
Rest of the Assembly in matter of Lawes and also in orders upon 
Appeals being Commonly Appointed Chairmen in all Committ- 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1670. 125 

41y the gouvem' tollerating & lycensing some to trade with 
the Indians though barbarous enemyes whereby they were 
furnished with powder shot and gunns, part of which some say 
his Majesty sent in for the supply of Virginia. 

5 and lastly, which hath been the main cause of those tumults 
the not tymely suppressing the Incursions of those form'dable 
savages whereby many men over Cut of and severall planta- 
tions deserted. 

[This paper, which is not dated, is evidently out of place and 
probably belongs to 1675. — Ed.] 

Charges Against Captain Lightfoot 1667 

The Marchant of the handmaid one of the Virginia Shipps 
lately Arrived Affirme That Capt'n Lightfoot Comander of 
his Ma'ties Shipp y^ Elizabeth had notice a day before the 4 
dutch shipps came into James River that they were upon the 
Coast, and y* verry morning they did Arive, he was told they 
had taken Capt. Conway who fought them Six howeres at the 
mouth of y^ River yet he made light of it, and went to a Wedd- 
ing with his wench y* he carried w*** him from England, all the 
Officers were Likewise ashore, he further sath that Lightfoot 
had taken aboard his shipp a greate quantity of tobacco at 
fraight, and that his men were ashore geting more aboard when 
the EHzabeth was burnt, and that y^ said Lightfoot brought to 
Virginia twenty p'sons w"** Paid for their Passage, and that 
several had contracted with him for Tunnage home. That had 
he been aboard w'^'^ his men he might have preserved the Mer- 
chant shippes, and if he had gon down to Conway as soone 
as he had advise of the 4 Shippes being on the Coast these 
two shippes might have tooke the Enemies. 

Those men w=^ were aboard the Elizabeth ffired but one 
Gunne against y* Enimy. 


Col. Wm'Travers to Mr Giles cale 1676 
The Coppy of a letter from Coll: Wm. Travers to M^ Giles 
Cale y« 13*»^ of May 1676. 

Brother Cale S' y^ govemer is at y® falls of James River 
dayly expecting y^ ennemy & wishes he could be heare w**" us, 
& has writ to Coll: Goodrich & Cap* Hawkins to Rayse w* 
fforse they can to destroy those barbarous Indeyans, but he 
understands y* tis y^ Susquehannos y* has done us y* mischiefe 
& hops y* wee will not suffer hallfe of y'm to Retume but do not 
specke at all of y^ portobaccoes w^^ makes me thinke he has not 
bin Rightley informed, pray God preserve & keepe us I am 

Yo'' Humble servant 
Will Travers 

S''. this comes this post from M' 
Cale Postm' in Bristoll to M'. 
Gardiner for your hon^ 
[signed] Jos Hoch. 

CoL. Papers Virginia. 

The Case of Giles Bland,* 1676. 
M^ John Bland Merch* having settled two of his Brothers 
in Virginia under certaine Articles, Agreements, and Covenants, 
supplied the Plantation in w'''' they were settled to the vallew 
of above ten thousand pounds, Expecting proportionalle Re- 
turns from them. But the two Brothers dying one of them left 
a Widdowe, who writt to M"". John Bland acquainting him, that 
there was a considerable Estate left and desired him to send one 
over to take care thereof, and to settle matters betweene them. 
And here the sayd John Bland after some tyme did send his 
only sone Giles Bland whom he had bredd a merchant to take 
posession and settle things on his behalfe. Giles Bland upon 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 127 

his Arrivall there appHes himself e to y" Best means he cotild 
think of for Accomodating y« whole affaire with his Aimt in 
which he found many difficulties. And comeing to the house of 
Thomas Ludwell Esq"" in Company with S^ Henry Chetsly, 
[Chichley] and after they had dranke plentifully there happened 
a discours betweene Giles Bland and Thomas Ludwell, which 
Giles Bland being in Drinke thought two severe in Relation to 
his ffather; upon which Provocation, Bland told him he dealt 
Basely and unworthely to cast such Aspersions upon his father 
and himselfe and having both dranke of y° same Cupp and being 
transported with passion, upon a father Exchange of Lan- 
guadge fell to Bloes, and after Exchanged Gloves to meete at y^ 
Place by them apoynted y® next Morning. Bland sleeps not all 
night, and Continuing hot Headed, hasted to y^ Place apoynted 
where missing Ludwell, he whent and Nailed y® Glove at y^ 
doore where y^ Grand Assembly used to sett, writing some 
words under itt. But M'' Ludwell more wisely sought his 
Reparation before y^ Governor and Council where Bland was 
ordered to Aske y® sayd Ludwell forgiveness, which he accord- 
ingly performed to y^ satisfaction of y® Court, and the Court 
was farther pleased to fine him 500 £ for his abuse done to y* 
Assembly in Nayling upp Ludwells Glove at theire doore as 
will appeare by the sayd order. In which there is an additionall 
Clause, that the payment thereof should be suspended for y^ 
Space of two yeares. That y^ sayd Bland might have time to 
make his humble supplications to his most sacred Majestic to 
Remitt y^ same, by which favourable Clause y^ Mercie of that 
Coiut Apeares, And that they intended by itt rather to deter 
him from the like Rash' Actions for the tyme to come, then to 
Ruin him, for what he had unadvisedly committed. 

[Indorsed in pencil] 
"30 May 1676" 

Whitehall, May 30, 1676 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. In ref- 
erence to the Laws of Jamaica and the Act for the good govern- 
ing of Christian Servants their lordships are not pleased with 


the word Servitude being a mark of bondage and slavery and 
think fit rather to use the word Service since these Servants 
are only Apprentices for years, but very much approve of this 
Regulation for governing of Servants and order that enquiry 
be made whether this or the like law be in force in all other his 
Maj'. as being very necessary for the prevention of spiriting 
away Children. 

Sara Bland's petition in behalf of her son Giles referred on 22 
April the Agents of Virginia to have a copy of said Petition and 
attend on Tuesday next. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 104. pp. 124-5) 


Whitehall, June 8, 1676 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations. M"". 
Ludwell, Secretary of Virginia, shows letter from that Colony 
concerning the present disturbances there, occasioned both by 
the insurrections of the neighbouring Indians and by a mutiny 
of several Englishmen (Mem. he sent in this letter on the lO*** 
current) He is ordered to attend on Thiu-sday with the other per- 
sons concerned in the petition of M" Sara Bland in behalf of 
her son now in Vieginia. 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 104. p. 133.) 

Answer of M'" Ludwell to Bland's Petition. 

To the Right Ho'ble the Lords of the Committee for Planta- 

Tho. Ludwell Sec^* of Virginia 

Most humbly doth present, 

That having seen a copie of a Petition presented by M''^. 
Sara Bland to the Kings most Excellent Ma*y & a reference 
thereupon to yom" Lop= & upon that reference Yoiir ho^ Order 
for a hearing on the 6th of this instant Jtme & finding himself 
more particularly concerned as being bespattered with a part of 
that dirt which is thrown upon the whole government of Virginia 
by the said Mris Bland, he doth most humbly beg your 
honours leave & patience in receiving this his answer to the said 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 129 

To the first part he answereth, that he believeth that M''. 
John Bland did adventtire great sums of money into that 
Cotmtry but is confident that if his brothers Edward and Theo- 
dores Books could be produced it would appear that not a fifth 
part of the sum mentioned in the Petition was laid out in Plan- 
tations or other estate there and consequently not to be possest 
by his son Giles. 

In the next place where it is alleged that the said Giles 
applyed himself to the respondent, it is utterly imtrue for his 
application was to the Governor & Council by a Petition, for a 
Confirmation of a Deed, passed by Edward Bland Jimior, to 
the above said M'' John Bland for all those lands taken up or 
purchased by his father Edward brother of the said John and 
consequently vested in him as heir to his father. Upon the read- 
ing of which Petition the respondent as a member of the court 
told the said Giles Bland that there was a Law in the Country 
intitled, An Act for prevention of fraudulent conveyances which 
did provide that no conveyance should be valid in Law that 
was not acknowledged in Court by the Conveyor & therefore 
he must bring the yoimg man into the Court to acknowledge 
his deed according to the said law. And this was that w'''' 
gives the color to what is said of the respondents telling the said 
Giles that his father had sent in forged writings to cheat the 
widow with whom he had no difference whilst the respond* 
was in the Country. Nor could it be possible that the respon- 
dent (who hath ever had a very good opinion of M'' John Bland) 
could affirm any such ill thing of him. Since at that time, nor 
even to this day, he never saw one paper that concerned the 
said widow or the young Edward. For what is said of Giles 
Bland coming to the Respond*" house and being heated with 
Wine & brandy It is confest that the respondent coming home 
found S"" Henry Chicheley & the said Bland there who unknown 
to him came there to shelter themselves from the approaching 
night. But for the drink mentioned though they had of each 
yet he doth affirm that it was not in any quantity which might 
heat either party nor had the said Bland the least occasion 
given him of offence but fell upon the respond* in most rude & 
unsufferable language for no other cause but reproving him 


when he spoke ill of the Council. And this the respondant can 
with truth affirm & if it should be inquired into, he doubts not 
but it would appear that (with all who know him he hath ever 
passed under a better character than that of being a Drunkard 
or forcing others to be so. But the Petitioner takes the old but 
ill course of helping a bad cause with ill language. 

As to the pretended Challenge as the Respond* knew better 
what was becoming the place he exercised than to give or ac- 
cept a challenge from any man so he doth in the presence of God 
affirm that there was nothing like it on his part passed between 
them. But the said Bland going the next morning from the 
respondents house before he was risen took away one of his 
Gloves carrys it to the Gov""' where he stayed all that day being 
Sunday and time enough to allay the heat of the wine (if he had 
any such) and that night carrys it to the town & there fixes it 
up at the Assembly door with the words under it mentioned in 
the order. And whereas it is affirmed in the Petition that the 
Burgesses by the Contrivance of the respondent complained of 
the same, he doth affirm that he came not into the town before 
the Monday following nor knew anything of his Glove being so 
unworthily fixed till many of the Burgesses told him of it and 
exprest their resentment of the affront done them. And he doth 
likewise affirm in the presence of God that he never applyed him- 
self either to the Burgesses or to the Governor and Council in the 
case till it was so public that the said Bland was ordered to answer 
& the respondent to complain at the next General Court where 
S"" Henry Chicheley (who was present at the respondents house 
when he received the affront) was one of the Judges that con- 
demned him in what the Order says And the said Bland, asking 
the respond* forgiveness in Court (though so proudly as the 
whole Court took notice of it) the respond* had no further 
difference with him. But for his affront to the Assembly he 
was fined five hundred pounds, which the respondent hopes 
will not appear so extraordinary when the natiu-e of his offence 
is duly considered by your Honors. 

As to the affirmation that the respond* drew the Order him- 
self he denies it but withal confesseth that as his Vindication 
from so great an affront was therein to be left upon record, he 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 131 

did look that it was drawn according to the judgement of the 
court & so did the Governor since it was an extraord" case. 
And this the respondent doth confidently affirm that there is 
nothing in the order which is penal but what was so adjudged 
by the Court. 

And whereas, it is affirmed that the s"^ Bland was denyed a 
trial by a Jury, it is a great scandal to the Justice of that Court 
who never denied it to any man that demanded it nor would 
to him & therefore it is a mighty injury to the Court to affirm 
that they proceeded arbitrarily violently and injuriously. To 
which charge the Respondent doth most humbly pray that the 
Court may have time to answer. And if it shall appear that 
they are wronged that they may have reparation according to 
the nature of the offence. But the affront done the respon- 
dent by M'' Bland is no extraordinary matter since he finds M' 
Bland hath not been contented with so small a matter as abus- 
ing the Secretary in his own house but hath since affronted the 
Governor upon the Seat of Justice in open Court to that degree 
as he was forced to descend and ask Justice from the Council 
and being punished for it is the groimd of all the complaint in 
the latter part of the prayer of his Mothers Petition. 

Thus may it please your honors the Respond* hath very truly- 
stated the case to which he will be deposed for as much as con- 
cerns himself & leaves it with all humility to your Lop^ consid- 
eration what security will be left to any Government if the 
Officers shall be left to such outrages and to determine therein 
as shall seem most agreeable to Your Justice and Judgement 
Which is all that can at present be answered to the said peti- 
tion by 

Right Hon'ble 

Your Honours most 
humble servant 
Tho: Ludwell 
teste W. Davis. 


Several other Papers presented by M"" Ludwell are read viz*. 

Act of the grand At a grand Assembly holden at 

Assembly against James City the 2P* day of September 

Bland. 1674. 

The Affront offered to this grand Assembly in the person of 
M^ Secretary by Giles Bland during this session is highly re- 
sented by the House of Burgesses. 

And forasmuch as the said Bland is not in Town & the Session 
near upon closing before he can be sent for This House there- 
fore do request the right Honou'ble the Governor to issue forth 
his mandate for the appearance of the said Giles Bland be- 
fore his Honour and the Council of State at the next General 
Court in order to a Vindication of the grand Assembly. 

Cop. vera Test. James Minge. CI. Assem. 

At a General Court held at James City the 21'* day of Nov- 
ember 1674. 


S"". Wm. Berkeley Knight Governor &c S'. Hen: Chicheley 
Knt. L*. Col. Daniel Parke Col Nath Bacon, Tho. Ballard 
Esq^ Col. Jas. Bridger 

Order of the Gov'' Whereas Thomas Ludwell Secretary 

& Gn'l Court for of State of this Colony of Virginia did 

fining Bland. at the last Session of the Grand As- 

sembly complain that going from the 
Assembly to his own house on Saturday 3""*^ of Ocf and finding 
there S^ Hen ; Chicheley knight & M ^Giles Bland was by the said 
Bland most barbourously & contrary to the Laws of Hospitality 
and human Society abused and called pittiful fellow, puppy, 
& son of a whore, without any other provocation than giving 
his opinion as one of the Council upon a Petition preferred by 
the said Bland two or three days before to the Gov'' and Council 
& reproving him for speaking scandalously of the Council. And 
Whereas the said Secretary did further complain that the said 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 133 

Bland taking one of his Gloves without his Knowledge or consent 
did ignominiously and presumptuously and unworthily nail the 
same up at the State House door with a most false and scanda- 
lous libel which contained these words that the owner of that 
Glove was a son of a whore mechanic fellow, puppy and a cow- 
ard. Which barbarous behavior the whole Assembly resent- 
ing as a public afifront as well because the said Sec^ was a 
public Minister as for that the said Bland had dared to fix his 
glove & the aforesaid libel at their gates on a Sunday and during 
their Session did by an address from the Burgesses to the Gov- 
ernor & Council desire that the said Bland might be compelled 
to appear at the next General Court there to answer the com- 
plaint of the said Sec^y on the behalf of himself & the said As- 
sembly And he being accordingly ordered to appear before this 
Court on the fifth day being the 20*'' of this instant November 
where all the aforementioned barbarous & insolent behavior 
being by full & clear evidence proved And the Said Bland hav- 
ing nothing material to say in his defence but rather adding to 
his former crimes by braving the Court itself. It is therefore 
Ordered that the said Bland do immediately acknowledge the 
horrid Injuries he hath done the Said Secretary & ask him Pub- 
lic forgiveness in Court for the same which he did but in so 
slight and scornful a manner as rather shewed a further con- 
tempt of the said Secretary and the whole Court than a sub- 
mission to their order, that he gave present and sufficient 
security for his good behavior for the future, And that he pay 
to the public as a Fine for his contempt of its Authority Five 
Hundred Pounds, Sterling and forthwith give good security for 
the payment of the same within two years after the date of this 

Which is to be paid accordingly unless within that time he 
can get the said Fine remitted by an Order from His Ma'ty & 
the Lords of his most Hono'ble Privy Council. 

Vera Copia. 

Wm. Berkeley 


Report Touching Bland 

Whereupon, their Lo'ps after long debate agree to report unto 
His Ma*'^ that a copy of Mris Blands Petition be transmitted 
to the Governor & Council in Virginia that they may return their 
defence in writing or impower somebody to answer for them 
for which they may be allowed six months time but that no 
advantage be in the interim taken as to the forfeiture imposed 
on M^ Bland. 

Mem'dum On the 27*^ July following the Re:::/iX was pre- 
sented unto the Committee but their Lo'ps being informed that 
Mris Bland had prepared a Petition imto his Majesty whereby 
she desired leave to retract those unadvised & offensive expres- 
sions contained in her former Petition they think fit to expect 
His Ma*'^* Ord'. thereupon before the said report be presented 
in Council. 

Whitehall June 15, 1676 

Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations in refer- 
ence to Sarah Bland's petition and Ludwell's answer. It was 
urged by M". Bland's Counsel that the Council [of Virginia] 
could not impose fines for an affront done to another Court but 
that his trial ought to have been by a jury, but their Lordships 
conceived that the Council table was invested with many au- 
thorities that had in all times been exercised and allov/ed of : and 
that it will be hard, in so remote a place as Virginia, to support 
the Govemm* if there were not an extraordinary power in the 
Board for emergent occasions. Mr. Ludwell being called in, 
stated that he had no authority from the Governor or Coimcil 
in writing to manage this cause whereupon a Report was or- 
dered to be drawn up to his Majesty — see next entry. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No., 104. pp. 141-2.) 

Council Chamber June 15, 1676 

Report of Committee for Foreign Plantations on petition of 
Sarah Bland in behalf of her son Giles that the matter has been 
argued before them by Council learned on both sides but in- 

VIRGINIA IN 1667-1676. 135 

asmuch as said petition reflects upon the honor of the Council 
of Virginia and the legality of their proceedings they should 
have opportunity to make their just defence, their lordships 
propose that copy of said petition be sent to Virginia with al- 
lowance of six months for their answer. 
(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

Whitehall July 27, 1676 

Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations — On re- 
port on petition of Sarah Bland pursuant to his Maj. reference 
of 22<^ April last, but being informed that M" Bland had pre- 
pared a petition to his Majesty whereby she desires leave to 
retract those unadvised and offensive expressions contained in 
her former petition It is thought fit to expect his Maj. order 
thereon before said Report be presented in Coimcil. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 104. p. 184.) 

(To be Continued) 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 

*A11 erasures in the original are here printed in italics. 


[71.] [35.] 

A note of Depts dew from George 

Thorpe (20) late of Barkley deceased [or Barkley Hun- 

To M"" Abraham Persy marchant as by one bill of dept ii 
reduced by him in Corte dated the 18th of July 1621 [030 of To] 
and payable y® first of december next foUowinge appereth 

More dew to M'' Abraham Persey marchant as by one ii 

bill of dept bearing date the 28*^ of July 1621 and [205 of Toba] 

payable the first of December next ensuinge Appereth 

^"George Thorpe, the head of the Berkeley Hundred Colony , was killed 
in the Massacre of 1622. The plantation was largely made by men from 
Gloucestershire, England. For Thorpe and Berkeley Hundred, see 
Brown's Genesis, II, 1031; William and Mary Quarterly IX, 209, 210; 
Va. Magazine of History and Biography XII, 170, and the Smith of Nibley 
Papers in the Bulletin of the New York Public Library. For the house 
Mr. Thorpe built for Apecancanough (referred to in the account) see 
Campbell's History of Virginia, 162. 


Thomas Hans of y" neck of land demandeth 
by specizalitie P'duced in Courte twenty five 
pownd lawfull money of England 

M'' The'' demandeth for 2 dewtie boy" 
XV 'li strer at 18 penc a pownde 

To M"- Marmaduke Reyner 175'li of Tobacco by bill 175 li 

under ye hands of Gyles Carter Cap't Thorpes sarvant 

To Capt Smith 30 bushell of Come 

To Mr. Edward Blany 417 'li of Tobacco 

To Capt. Francis West seaven barrells of Come 

To Mr. David Sandys for ministers dews 35 'li Toba 

To Robert fisher for 5 week woorke 

about Apochanken his howse 90 'li of Tobacc 
To Sr George Yardley 300'li Tobacc 

To Mr. Buck 241 li. 

[pencU 72] [ink 34] 

A Courtt held the 27*'^ of December 1624 
present Sr Francis Wyatt knighte & Capt Fran[cis] 
West Sr George Yardley knight George Sandys 
Esq"- Thretsr Doctor Pott, Capt' Smith, 
Cap* Hamer. 

1. The First and the fyft Articles demand of Capt 
Martin Conceminge Sr George Yardley, is refered 
vntill the Cominge vpp of Ensigne Savage 

2. Yt is ordered y* 

To the Seconde Sr George shall is to take his oathe 
to the later pte of this Answere to ye second demand 
wch Sr George tooke Accordingly 

3. To the thirde demande, the Courte Conceaveth not 
that Mr Luke Boyse Reed the Cattle by any order or warr[ant] 
from Sr George and therefore yt he is not lyable 

to dameages Conceminge the same 


To thefowerth yf Sr George doth take his oath 

y't he after y'e ships Compeny had brought together 

the ships goods and had ended other ymployment Con 

cerninge the same yt then he freely dismist them, and 

then ymployede them not in any pticular service and 

business of his owne, yt then Sr George shall 

not be lyable to the fowerth demande it noe 

ways apperinge by proofs yH either Sr George knew 

they were of the ships Compeny hired by Capt 

Martin oW y't Cap't Martyn ever required them of Sr 

as is p'rtended 
George, nor luhy Sr George should wrongfully have 
taken them away, and made no benefit thereby 

The sixt demand is referred to y^ generall Assembly 
beinge An Act of a general Assembly in Sr George 
Yardleys tyme 

To the seaventh it is ordered y* Cap* Martyn shall 
bring in his prooff of such thing as were taken 
away from Cap* Sanders howse by Sr George 
or any by his Apoyntment, more than himselfe 
Conf esseth in his Answere 

[ink folio 35] [pencil folio 73] 

To the eight, ye Defendant Demande Ensigne Chaplen (21) 
vppon oath doth deny yt there was any such Agreem't 
as that he should receeve any such two Cattle 
of Capt Sanders for Satisfaction of Cap* Martins 
Dept or that Cap* Sanders made any such trade 
to him nor is there any proffe brought to y* Contrary 
And we Conceave the^ warrant of Sr George and the 
Counsell to be iust and lawfull 

^^In the Census of 1624-5 the "Muster" of Ensign Isaac Chaplaine at 
Chaplaine's Choice (in the present Prince George County), included 
Isaac Chaplaine who came in the Starr in 1610, his wife Mary who came 
in the James in 1622, John Chaplaine, "his kinsman", aged 15 years, 
who also came in the James and five servants. 


To the nynth Demand it appereth not to Concern 
Sir George but y* Liv* Peppett (22) is lyable to make satis- 
to whom of right y* said peece shall belonge vnto 

To ye fowerth Sr George Yardley having taken his oath 
y* he knew not y* said Stallenges men were y* hired 
servante of Capt John martin or y* ever Cap* 
martin to his vtmost remembrance did ever request 
them of him, and Capt Martin confessing y* he doth 
not p'cysly remember whether ever he demanded them 
of Sr George or not y" Court Conceaveth y* Sr George 
as not Lyable to geue him Satisfaction for y^ said 
pretended servante, Demanded of him. 

The nyne and twentieth Day of December 1624 
Symon Tutchine of the good Shipp Caled 
the Dew retoume Did take the oath of Allegiance 
before y" Gov'"nou'" and Coimsell. 

[ink folio 36] [pencil folio 74] 

Capt' Hamer his opynion is y* A warrant be 
granted vnt to Cap* martin to receave y^ Cattle 
w^ are in controversie to Comand Luke Boyse 
to Deliuer ye Cattle now in his possession (being in 
Controversie betweene Cap* Jo: martin and Cap* Jo 
Bargaue) (Vnto Cap* John martins possession 

This also is the opynion of Doctor Pott 
Capt' Francis weste y" of the same opinion 

^ ^Gilbert Peppett was living at Flowerdieu Hundred in 1623. He lived 
later in Warwick County. His wife Alice came to the Colony in 1619. 
Gilbert Peppett was a member of the popular Convention which met at 
Jamestown in 1625. 


The rest of the Court being y« maior p* Do 
think it fitt to give A warrant to alter 
the possession (the Controversie Depending) 
Between Cap* martin and Cap* Bargraue 

Yt is ordered y* Cap* west take an Inventorie 

of Capt Crashw's goods praysed by two stifficyent honest men 

and the Inventorie so taken to be sent up to James 

Cyttie and pubHshed also in other places, to 

the end y* who will give most may have them 

Provided y* yf Cap* west will give asmuch as 

any other (he to have them) ye refusall of them 

Margery mutch swome and exa™ sayeth y* she beinge 

at George menefries house said to same that 

were then y* she thought Mrs Hamer had bottles 

to sell 

It is ordered y* M'' chew shall pay three hundred 

waight of Tobacco to mr Lamoyne, and giue 

the rent of his store, and Deliuer him six hogs 

heads of Caske 

Whereas it Appeereth by Symon Tutchin his oime 

Confessione, And by one wrightinge, that he was 

banished owt of Ireland. The said Symo Tuchin 

aleageth y* the said banishment was repealed by Sr 

Oliver Set Johns then Lo : Deputie of Ireland, w'=^ 

repeale he not p'ducing in Courte, because he 

[ink 47] [pencil 83.] 
John Southeme swome and Exa" saith y* 
there was an absolute Bargaine between Jo : 
lyghtfoote and W" Byancks According to a pap' 
of indentures of lease bearing date the eighteene 
dye of December 1624 w'^** Indentures were 
by the said Ex 'a produced in Courte and that 
there was noe daye appoynted betwene the same p'te 
for the sealinge of the said Indenture, but w*'' as 
much convenient speed as might be this Exa™ 
woold wright them 


Capt' Wm Tucker swome and exa" sayeth y* when 
Sr George Yardley Came in to be Gou''nor y* he 
told the Ancyent Planters at Kickotan y* the 
land they dwelt vpon was Chosen to be the 
Compenys lande, and that the Compeny wold 
sent to Plant it but how soone he knew 
not but bid them look fort, Pro And that 
they should have valuable Considerations for 
their Charges in buildinge 

Randall Smallwood swome and Examd sayeth that 
M' W™ Julian (23) said he had deliuered his peticione 
to the Gou^^nor in the mominge that he hadd 
wayted all daye, but yf he could nott be righted 
heere he wold be righted in England and that 
he wold waite here no longer 

Yt is ordered y* Sargeant Williams shall have threescore 

in full recompenc 
and term pounde of tabacco toward his Charge 
of building vpo* the Company s land at Kackatan 
beinge his owne demande, and the Compeny 
desire it should be soe 

[pencil 84] [ ink 48] 

And whereas Wm Julyan demandeth five hundred 
waight of Tobacco damages for his house and 
grounde Clered y* is ordered that vpon Monday 
the 24th of this instant moneth he produce in 
Coiul; his prooffs for the same in regard 
the Court Concleaves it an vnreasonable demand 

^ ^William Julian patented 600 acres on the Eastern Branch of Eliza- 
beth River July 4, 1636. He was a Justice of Lower Norfolk 1637. In 
1646, the Governor and Council released him from all his offices on ac- 
count of his great age. His wife was named Sarah. 


Nathaniell Causey gent swome and Exam* sayeth that M" 
Palmer Cominge to his house said to this ,Exa't and his 
wiefe y* there was a farefull thinge falen to Mrs Jurden (24) 
& beinge demanded by this Exat what it was, shee saide yt 
Mrs Jurden being vppon her bed, she sawe two hands, theone 
hande vppon her head theother hand vppon her Childs head 
and hearde A voice w*''' Cried. Judgment, Judgment. To w'''' 
M' Causey said it may be that it was A dreame, now sayeth 

Pahner she was as broad awake as I am now. 

Further tliis Ex'a sayeth y* he hath seene M'' Ferrer 
kisse M" Jordan he never sawe any other 

vniittinge or Suspicyous familiaritie between them 
M'' Ferrer and M" Jurden, but sayeth y* hee hath [seen] 
M' Ferrer kisse her. 

Wheras M'' Grevill Pooly minister hath geven foorth 

speech that M*" Ferrer and Mrs Jiu-den Hved Skandelously 
together, beinge in Court and willed to P'duce witness 
he P'duceth none, but M'' Causey, but sayeth yt he 
Conceveth it Skandelous for M'' Ferrer to break 
the order in Courte, wch he hath done by beinge in 
ordynary dyett in M" Jurdens house and to frequent 
her Compeny alone without some body else to be in place 
accordinge to the order of Courte 

Yt is ordered that W" Julyan shall have one hundred pownd 
waight of Tobacco towarde in full recompense Towarde his 

buildinge vppon y® Companys 
lande at Kackatan beinge his owne demande and 
the Compenys desire it should be soe. 

^*Mrs. Jordan was the heroine of a noted case of pre-contract or breach 
of promise. Captain Samuel Jordan, of Jordan's Journey, died late in 
March 1623, leaving a young widow, Cicely, and two children. Three 
or four days afterwards Rev. Greville Pooley, the minister of the parish, 
consulted Captain Isaac Madison, a prominent man who was a neighbor, 
in regard to a match with Mrs. Jordan. At first Madison was unwilling 
to move in the matter; but finally consented. Mrs. Jordan told the 


Captain that she would as soon marry Mr. Pooley as any one else; but 
would not marry so soon. As Mr. Brown (First Republic, 563) says, 
"This was all that a man in his mind ought to have asked;" but Pooley 
was impatient and went to see her himself. He reported to Captain 
Madison that Mrs. Jordan had contracted herself to him and desired 
Madison to go with him and be a witness to it. Madison did go and 
when Mr. Pooley desired a dram, Mrs. Jordan desired her servant to 
fetch it; but Pooley said he would have it of her fetching or not at all. 
Then she went into a room, Madison and Pooley followed her; and when 
Mr. Pooley was come to her he told her he should contract himself unto 
her — and spoke these words — "I Grivell Pooley take thee Sysley, to 
my wedded wife, to have & to hold till death us do part, and thereto I 
plight thee my troth." Then (holding her by the hand) he spoke these 
words, "I, Sysley take thee Grivell to my wedded husband, to have and 
to hold 'till death do us part." But Madison says he did not hear her 
say these words nor Pooley ask her if she would consent to them. Then 
Mr. Pooley and Mrs. Jordan drank to each other and he kissed her and 
said "I am thine and thou art mine 'till death us separate." Mrs. Jor- 
dan desired that it might not be known that she had bestowed her love 
so soon after her husband's death; but, though Pooley promised, he 
was too elated to keep the secret. Mrs. Jordan resented this, saying 
"He would have fared better if he had talked less," and immediately 
engaged herself to marry William Ferrar, another suitor. Mr. Pooley 
then brought the matter before the Governor and council and on June 14, 
sued her for breach of promise. The case was continied to Nov. 27, 
when, an account of the difficulty of deciding the question of contract 
the matter was referred to the Company in England with a request that 
the opinion of civil lawyers be obtained. The Governor and Council 
also issued a proclamation against women engaging themselves to "two 
several men at one time." The text of this proclamation is given in 
Brown's First Republic pp. 564, 565. The context would imply that 
it was issued in November; but an entry printed in this Magazine, 
XIX, 231, shows that it was on June 22d. 

Before any opinoin could be obtained from England Mr. Pooley lost 
his case, not being able to prove his charges against William Ferrar, 
and soon made a formal renunciation of any claim he might have to 
Cicely Jordan. It is presumed that she married William Ferrar, or 
Farrar (who was long a member of the Council) as he had a grand- 
daughter named Cicely. 


[pencil 85] [ink 49] 

The Gou'nor in Councell Doe Respitt the Determininative of 
the business between M' Pooly and M" Jurden till y* first 
arrivall of shippe out of England, Wherein we expect 
A resolution, and that in the meanetime thing to remane 
in the state that they are, and y* M'' Ferrer behavinge 
himselfe wthowet Skandall in the mean tyme, and y^ 
Courte do Conceave y* his beinge in ordinary Dyett there, 
nor any familiaritie w'^'' hath been alledged, noe iuste 
Cause of skandall, and y* in y^ lesse materiall poynte y* 
on fuste made might may be dispenct w*^all. 

[A paragraph is written here what gives more evidence in 
regard to the case of the master of a vessel referred to on (p. 
61) as not fit for publication.] 

[reverse is ink folio 59] 

[pencil 86] [ink 59] 

Sargent Holland swome and Examin' sayeth that there 
planted at sherley hundred for Barkley hundred Company 
these men as followeth 

Sergeant Gabriel! Holland Charles Partrige Bvdlman 

Richarde Firmely Mr. Hamden Nicholas 

William Clement Theophilus Beastone Pierse 

Richarde Sheriife Thomas Peck croser 

Thomas Moultone William Gilhnan 

Edward Purquite Pristman 
John Tayler 

For whom Dewties were to be paide by Capt' Thorpe 
to M' Sandys ninisterw''^ whether they were paid 
or nott this Examt' knoweth nott. 


A Copie of M' Grevell Pooly this release 
Conceminge M"* Sysely Jiirden 

I Gravell Pooly Preacher of the woorde doe for my parte 
Freely and absolutely acquitt and discharge Mrs Cycelie 
Jurden from aU former Contracts P'mises or Conditiones 
made by her to me in the vow of maryage and Doe 
binde my selfe in five hundred pownde ster never 
to have any Claim Right or title to her that way In 
proof thereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seal 
the thurde dye of January 

Subscribed sealed and del' 

in the presence of Grevell Pooly Cler' 

Nathaniell Causery 

Richard Biggs sealed 

R. B. 
his marke. 


The Coroners Enquest Impaneled vppon 
the death of George Pope An Infant Child 
December y^ xxxj*** 1624. 

William Horwood, gent 
Richarde Stephene, merc't 
John Chew, merchant 
Rober Chambly gent 
Peter Stafferton gent 
Nathaniell Jeffereys 
James Hickmonte 
Peregrine wetkins 

Richard Tree 
Thomas Passmoure 
Daniel Lucye 
Christopher Stokes 
Wallgrave Marke 
Nicholas Fynloe 
William Mutch 
Robert Poole 


John Southeme swome and Examined sayeth y* one Thursday 
the XXX *^ day of this instant moneth of December Cominge to 
John Osboume his howse, goodwife osbotime was Calinge 
her pultrye, at w*'^ tyme A younge boy named william Stokes 
ye sone of Christopher Stokes cam to Jo : Osbonmes Doore 
havinge A Uttle barrell in his hande, To whom goodwife 
saide (Will, wher is George, the said boy answered his 
is fallen into the well, whervpon goodwife Osboiime did 
run to the well and brought George Pope in her Armes de[ad] 

Margrett Osboume swome and examined sayeth 

of December aboute the howers of three or foure of y^ Clock 

in y* after noime asked this Ez'ant whether ther wer any 

water in the howse, saying he was very drye, to whom 

she saide noe, wher vpon he said he wold some, then 

this Ezamt willed him to talce A dish w*'' him, to w"'' 

he answered noe he would full the rundlet, beinge A 

small Rundlett of A gallon o"" ther about, and soe hee 

tQoke y^ mndlett and went to the well, after w"*" w*^in 

lesse then A quarter of an hower. Will stokes came 

towardes the howse w*^ the same rundlett, to whom this Exant 

asked where is George, y^ said will replide he is 

in the well, wherevpon she run to the well and found 

George pope, his body all vnder water except his 

left arme by w'^'' she drew him out and Caried him 

into the howse Dead, And further sayeth y* y^ father of 

the said George, named also George pope, brought him 

over w*^ him in the london marchant, beinge aboute [two?] 

yeeres and a half past y^ child being then as his parent 

said aboute two yeeres olde, and his father and mother 

both livinge in y* Corporation of James Cyttie w*'' other children 

And further sayeth y* she hath often sent the said 
George Pope to the well to bringe water in the 
said nmdlett, but never before without a Dishe 
to fill y" rundlett w*'^ 


William Stokes about five yeers old 

Christopher Stokes swome and Examined sayeth that 

when his sonne will Stokes his sonne beinge about 

five yeers old cam home, he aske^ him how George 

pope Cam into the well, the said w™ stokes his sone 

said he kneled Downe on his knees to dip vp water 

and soe fell, and the water beinge muddy y« said 

George went to power it owt and to take vpp 

Cleerer and soe fell in, and then will stokes went 

& tooke vpp the Rundlett one the other side the well , and 

bringest it to goodwife osboume 

The charge as Geven to y** Jury 

You shall trewly vppon your oathes delue'' unto this 
Courte w* you shall finde vppon the Dilligent 
vew of the body of the said George pope Deceased 
as also vppon the Examination of witnesses and all 
other circvmistances w'^'* may geve light to the truth 
wether y^ said George pope Cam to his end by y" 
felonious Acte of Any psone or psons or by the 
Visitation of God or misadventure) 

[pencil folio 69.] [ink folio 31.] 

A Court held the thirde of January 1624 present 
Sr Francis Wyatt Kjiight &c Sr George Yardley 
Knight Doctor Pott Capt* Smith Cap* Hamer 

Thomas Farley swome and examined sayeth that he was in place 
when Livt Georg Harisone and Rowland loftis did Recken, at 
w*** tyme this exa™ sayeth that Rowland loftis was indepted 
to Livt' Harisone, but how much he knoweth not, but as he 
tliinketh, loftis was indepted to Livt* Harisone twenty pownd 
waight of Tobacco or therabout, And further sayeth that 


me cyone was made then A dept dewe to Christopher 
best, but w'='' of them was to pay it he canot say, & sayeth 
that ther was An Acquitance written betwixt them by Nich- 
Greenhill and entered into A booke 

John Searbrooke sworne and Examined sayeth 

M^ Threasurer brought over into this Cotmtry 3,t his Cost 

and Charge 
in the good shipp called the George, Thomas Daunsey ye 

and John Daunsey his sonne, John Mott the father and John 

the Sonne, and John Hoskins And the landes dew for them 
M' Thresurer Doth make over to Mr. John Baynam 

Richard Kingsmell gent and Thomas Allnut swome and Exam- 
sayeth y* the last vnll P'duced in Courte by Jo : Radishe 
was the trew will and testament of Peter Mar [t?]en and that 

M"" Kingsmell did wrighte the will himself e. 

Nicholas Grenhill swome and examined sayeth that he writt 
the said Acquittance betwixt Livt Harrisone & Rowlande 

and that it was for all Reckninge betwixt them 

Yt is ordered y' Beniamine symes shall pay all the dept & be 
geven by will by y^ deceased Nathaniell Hawkswoorth and 
to pay to Mr. Francis bolton one of y^ legasses [legacies] two 

pownd waight Tobacco. 

[70.] [32.] 

Mr. Abram Persy Cape m'chant afirmith y* he paid to Sr Georg 
Yardley and Mr. John Powntis for the freedomes of Nicholes 


Bayly and Jonas Ryally five hundred pownd waight of to- 
and twleve barrells of sheald Come, and y* by his booke 
there is dew to him seventy pownd waight of Tobacco and 
by bill bearinge date the 6th of february 1621 one 
hundred pownd waight of Tobacco 

It is ordered y* Nicholes Baylie and Jonas Riley shall 
pay to Mr. Abram Persy either 396 pownd of tobacco 
and twelve barrells of sheald Come, or thewyse 
to sawe him tenn thowsand foote of boorde at 

Yt is ordered y'' W™ Newman and John Army for their 

Contempt in disobeying Cap* Bass his Commissio' granted 
him by the Gou' nor shall pay each of them 10 pownd 
ster in the best marchantable Tobacco and y* Army 
for his absenc in not Cominge to Churge shall pay 
his fyne accordinge to the act of y^ 

generall Assembly 

Yt is agreede in Courte betweene Mr. John Vtie and Bryan 
Caught That y^ said Bryan shall build M'' Vtie one shallop 
of eighteene foote and a halfe by the keele in lenth and 
six foote and a halfe for the breadth w*'' mast oars 
yarde and Rudder, and Bryan to finde eleven hundred 
of snayles and six score Ruff and Clench, And M' 
Vtie to pay Bryan for the building of ye shallop six 
score pownd waight of marchantable Tobacco and to alow 
him the helpe of a boye whilst he is about the building 
of that shallop and to find him dyett And Also M"" 
Vty is to pay Bryan sixscore pownd waight of Tobacco 
for A boatt formerly builte mentioned [sic] in the Peticione 

Ensigne John Vtie swome and Ex'a sayeth That he harde 
Mr. John Lamoyne vsed these speeches to him [altered from 

this.] exat' That 
Mr. Edward Tutcliin and Symon Tutchinge his Brother 
had some two or three thousand waight of Tobacco to recev 
heere between them, And that Symon Tutchin had 
gotten his brother's booke, but y* I will looke to that 


[ink 27] [pencil 65] 

Symon Tutchine swome and Exnd sayeth y* w" G[yles?] 
promised to giue this Examt full Satisfaction before his 
Depture owt of Virginia for the sume of ten pou[nd] 
sixteen shilings redy money, for wch the said Wm G[yles?] 
gave vnto Edmund Tutchen A bill of exchang to y^ 
Virginia Company in England, w'=*' Company could not pay 
the said bill, but y^ bill was P'tested. This exant 
further sayeth y* Mr. Peter Eps P'mised him Payment 
for seaven poimd of Tobacco Dew to Edmd Tutchin and 
Michell Willocke P'mised payment of six potmd of T[obacco] 

dew to Edmund Tutchin 

This Exant' hat Reed Depte Dew to Edmd Tutchen 
of the p'vost marshall twentie six pound of Tobacco 
of w™ Cooke three pound And of Robert Cesner 
fifteen poxmd, All w''^ Amotmted to forty fower 
poimde of Tobacco. 

These Deptc Receaved and to be receaved, are to 
be Deliu'ed and left to be receaved by Cap* Hamer 
In parte Satisfactio of Certen Covenant to be 
p'formed by Edward Tutchine to Walter Davis 
Deceased for the vse of John Davis 

Yt is ordered y* s'' George Yardley shall pay M""" 
Alice Davisone (26) term pound of Tobacco for y" 
Dept of Cap* Thorpe 

Bryan Caught swome and axamd sayeth that he had 
m' John Gill and James Calver told this Exa° 
that they gave Toby A bill to receave 

one hundred pound waight of Tobacco of Cap* 

^ "Alice Davison, widow, was living at Jamestown 1624-5. As Edward 
Sharpless, Secretary of the Colony, lived in her house, it is probable 
that she was the widow of William Davison, late Secretary. 


George Payer swome and exand by Cap* Smith sayeth that 
W*° Heninge, vpon his Death bedd did giue and bequeath one 

waight of Tobacco and three barrells of sheald Come to Stephen 
Webb w'='' Tobacco and Come was Dew from Thomas Farley by 
A bond remayning in the Govemo" hands 

Addam Dixsone swome and Examined by Cap* Smith sayeth 
and affirmeth as much 

[28] [66] 

Edwarde Pithchande swome and Ex 'an sayeth that John Cooke 
Cam abord the Kttell hopdeell at w''^ tyme Peter Langman was 
there, and whereas Peter Langma' was adopted by John Cooke ye 
said Cooke told Peter Langman y* he would not Suffer him to go 
vpp before he had paid him or putt him in securitie. whervpon 
Henry Watkins becam bound w*^ Peter langma' for the Dept 
beinge one hundred fortie and fower pound waight of Tobacco 
w*** condicon y* yi Peter Langman Did not pay the Dept within 
Certen days (w'=** this Exa doth not well remember) that then 
Peter langman shold searve Henry Watkins the next yeare 

A Court held the tenth of January 1624 

present Sr Francis Wyatt Knight &c Capt Francis 

Sr George Yardley mr Threasurer Doctor Pott 

Cap* Hamer 
Yt is ordered that Susan Bush wyddow shall have y^ Gardianship 

and Administration of Sarah Spence orphant her lands & 

puttinge in Capt Raph Hamer and Cap*' W°* Tucker to 
stand bond for the trew Administration thereof And 
to be trewly Accomptable for the orphantc estate w**> the 
yssues and Pfittc that shall arise thereof from tyme 
to tyme 


Cap* west doth heere in Court vndertake to pay the Deptc 
of Capt Crashaw, he Disposinge of his goods to the best 
advantage, and that vpon mondye bdnge the seventh 
of february he shall bringe into ye Court the accompting 
and y* in the meane tyme notice be geven that y^ Creditors 
of Cap*' Crashaw bringe in ther Dept between this 
and that Tyme, and such as are questionable be- 
brought into the Courte 

Sargeant William Barry brought over into this 
Countrey at his owne Ph Coste and Charges one 
man Sarvant named James Coyne in the good shipp 
Caled the mary P'vidence, w=^ said servant is since 

[end of FIRST BOOK OF 
ORIGINAL record] 



Commtinicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell 
Street, W. C. London, (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. 
Waters, not before printed.). 

Dame Elizabeth Filmer widow, late the wife of Sir Edward 
Filmer of East Sutton, county Kent. Knight. Will 23 March 
1635; proved 16 August 1638. Body to Church of East Sutton 
aforesaid beside the body of my late husband. To poor of 
Maidstone in Kent if I am dwelling there at my death 40s. To 
poor of East Sutton £5. To dame Anne Filmer wife to my son 
Sir Robert Filmer my jewel with diamonds and pearls. To 
Elizabeth Filmer their daughter and Sara Filmer my daughter 
my four ropes of pearls containing 600 in number equally be- 
tween them. To Edward Filmer eldest son of my said son Sir 
Robert a Portugues piece of gold and a piece of gold of King 
Henry VII coinage both which were his great grandfathers. To 
the two younger sons of my son Robert viz ; Robert and Samuel 
40s. apiece. To Anne youngest daughter of said Sir Robert 40s. 
To my daughter Mary Knatchbiill widow my boder of gold and 
pearl and £10. To her daughter Marie the wife of John Vnder- 
wood, gent, my agate and pearl jewel. To her two sons Ed- 
ward and John Knatchbtdl 40s. each. To my daughter Kath- 
erine Barham £10. To her eldest daughter Elizabeth Barham 
£300 at 21 years or marriage. If she die before then said £300 
to Elizabeth and Anne Filmer daughter of my son Reginald 
Filmer. To Susan and Ann Barham two younger daughters 
of my said daughter Katherine 40s. apiece. To my daughter 
Elizabeth Falconer £10. Moreover to my aforesaid daughter 
Sarah Filmer £10. To my son in law Robert Barham my 


biggest ring. To his son Thomas £10 at 24, and to each of his 
other sons Edward, Robert, Charles, Richard and John 40s. 
To his daughters Susan and Ann Barham 40s. each. To my 
daughter in law Jane wife to my son Reginald £10. To her 
daughters Elizabeth and Ann Filmer each 40s. To my said son 
Sir Robert Filmer my silver warming pans. To my son John 
£10. To my son Henry £10. To my son Reignold Filmer 
my lease of three tenements in Knightrider Street, London. 
To my son in law William Falconer Draper 40s. To my brother 
John Argoll esq a gold ring. To my sister Dame Jane Fleet- 
wood a piece of Queen Elizabeths' coyne. To my sister Dame 
Sarah Jenkinson a like piece of gold of Queen Elizabeth's coyne. - 
To Elizabeth Pierson widow 40s. To each of my manservants 
10s. To Elizabeth Fryde my apprentice 40s. To my every other 
maid servants 10s. Residue of my goods to my son Edward 
Filmer sole executor. Published August 2, 1638. Wa: Reto- 
rick, Scrivener. Dame Elizabeth Filmer willeth that her 
three houses in Knighrider Street (now that her son Reginald 
Filmer is deceased) shall be disposed as follows; £30 of the 
first years rent to Jane late the wife of said Reginold and after 
decease of testatrix to the use of her executor he paying yearly 
to Elizabeth Faulkner daughter of Dame Elizabeth Filmer and 
wife of Wniiam Faulkner £10. Whereas said Dame Elizabeth 
had bequeathed to Elizabeth daughter of Robert Barham gentle- 
man a competent porcion her will is that £50 of the said legacy 
in case said Elizabeth Barham depart this life before attaining 
18 years shall be equally divided between the two daughters of 
said Reginald And lastly said Dame Elizabeth Filmer willeth 
to Susan Barham £50 apeece (sic). Memorandum the legacy 
of £50 apiece to Susan and Anne Barham were enterlyned be- 
fore the signing hereof. Witnesses; R. Batchurst, Frances Bat- 
churst, Edwd Batchurct, Wm. Wiseman, Thomas Walter. 
Lee, 95. 

[The will of Samuel Filmer, the grandson, named in the will, was 
printed in this Magazine XV, 181. He was the first husband of Mary 
Horsmanden, who afterwards married William Byrd of "Westover," Vir- 
ginia. The son, Henry Filmer, named in the will, came to Virginia 
about 1637. See this Magazine XV, 181, 182.] 



For the Main Army under Washington 1778-1779. 

(From the Originals in the Collection of the Virginia Histori- 
cal Society.) 


S. C. P. 

For picquet 1 

For in G^ 1 

For Q'r Gd 1 

D. O. Kakiate, Monday Oct'r 18th, 79. 

F. O. Major Mitchel. 

For Police Capt'n Long. 

For the Day Adj't Robertson. 

S. C. P. 

For Picquet „ 1 1 

For In Guard 1 

For Q'r Guard 1 

D. O. Kakiate, Oct'r 19th, 79. 
F. O. Major Stevenson. 

For Police Capt'°. Lamb. 

For the Day Adj'*. Bowen. 



The Supply s from the State of Virg'a are to be Served out by 
the Assistant who has the Care of them in the follow'g propor- 
tion P month agreeable the Order of the Virginia Board of war 
and the prices Set Oposite to Each article to be paid by the 



L Sugar 




CoP 53^ G- a 

10 2 lb at 3 

3 lb at 2,8 6 lb at 1, 


L* Col« 41^ " 

2 — 

3 — 

6 — 


Majors 3^ ^ 

2 — 

3 — 

6 — 


Capt« 2^ - 

1 — 


6 — 


Su'b 1 1-3— 

1 — 


6 — 


Chap 1 1-3 





Surg" 3M 





Mate IM 




Non Commission officers & privates 1 Gill Rum P Day, No 
officer or Soldier to be Drawn for but those present on the 
Ground And Every Officer is Drawn by their Rank he now hold in 
the line and not by that he may be Intitled to, untill he Re- 
ceives a Commission or appointment. Nor is he to Draw any 
thing in addition to his Staff appointm*. 

All Waggon masters Q M^ & Commissi as well as every other 
Staff Officer Except those mentioned above are to be Totally 
Excluded, unless the belong to the Line — No woman or any 
other follower of the Camp to be Drawn for on any pretence 

The Store keeper is to make an Entry of the quantity of 
Stores he Deliver to Each Officer and to Receive the money 
upon the Deliverry the Captain or officer Commanding Each 
Com^ to Receive the money from his men and make the Return 
for Drawing the Gill of Rum to be Countersign by the Col'o or 
Commandant of the Regm* upon which the Store keeper is to 
Issue the quantity & Receive the Money of the Captain or Com- 
mand* — 

The Serj* Q. M. Serj* Drum & Fife Major to be Drawn for 
in the Col'o or first Com'' in the Reg' 


The officers are to Draw a month allowance, if the have not 
Vessels to hold that quantity of spirits They are to provide 
them as soon as possible. The Col'o or Command'g officer of 
Regm*' will furnish the Storekeeper with a List of the names & 
Ranks of Each officer present by which he is to be Governed 
And when officers who may now be absent, Return, he will 
Certifie their names and Rank also. 

As the Acts of Assembly of Virg'a as well as the Instructions 
from the Board of war are Indefective with Respect to the Ar- 
tillary Baylors Dragoons and the Regm* Commanded by Col'o 
Gist, The Store keeper is to Deliver to the officers of those Reg*» 
who are Citizens of that State 1 months allowance of the arti- 
cles, now on hand And the Non Commissioned & privates to 
Draw in the Same proportion as those in the Line. In the mean 
time application will be made to the board of war, for their 
further Instructions. 

There having been a fair ballot made for the president and 
Drawing those Stores, The following order is to be Observed. (1) 

Baylors Dragoons 7^^ Reg* Col'o Gists Regm* 

2^ Stat 

5th & 11th Regm* 

gth Regt 

8*^ Reg* 

1«* State 
let & iQth Regm* 
3d & 4th D'o 
and 2<* Regm* 

Col'= Phebecca will Draw for those in Vrig'a Line that are in 
the Corps of light Infantry the D A Gen'l will Send a Coppy of 
this Order to Col'o Harrison the Command'g Officer of his Regm* 
of Artillary also to Col'o Phebecca of the Light Infantry. 

Head Q" West point, Oct' 12*'^ 79 

Such officers of the Line whose Duty it is to act on foot in 
time of an Engagm* and who are not as Yet Supplyed with 
Espontoons are to use their utmost Exertions to get them. And 

*This list doubtless gives the Virginia organizations immediately un- 
der Washington's command at this time. Col "Phebecia" is intended 
for Febiger. 


it is Expected from Command'g officers of Corps that will use 
Every means in their power To furnish them with Ba^^onets — 
In a word they will take Care that their Corps are in the most 
perfect order for Actual Service. 

D. O. Cacayett, Wednesday Oct^ 20*»» 79. 
F. O. Major Lee. 

B. O. Oct^ 20*^ 79. 

Brigades Returns to be made Immediately of the Num'' of 
Espontoons want'g 

For Police Cap* Candell 

For the Day Adj * Sinton 

Detail the Same as Yesterday last 

D. A. O. Cacayett, Oct^ 20*^ 79 

A fatigue party of 1 Cap" & 1 Sub 1 Serj* and 30 are to be 
immediately Imployed in making Fasheens Gabeans & Pickets 
The Officer who Commands the party will apply to Capt" 
Yoimg for what Bill hooks he has in the Store, And to the Q-M 
of Each Brigade for what Axes that can be Spared — Capt'' 
Young will point out the place for Geting the wood &c. The 
following Directions must be observed Viz A Gebean 4 feet 
High 3}/2 feet Wide A fasheen as Long as Possible 10 Inches 
thick well Bound and Cut Square at both Ends — a Picket of 
Split wood of 4 feet long 3 Inches Square, this party to be 
Changed Every Day, And the Cap* To Report in Writ'g Every 
Evening to the Deputy Q. M. Gen'l of the number of Each kind 
he has made. When Tools arrive that are sent for This party 
will be Considerably increased, the Gen'l will be very much ob- 
lidged to any officer in the Division who will undertake to Super- 
intend and Direct this business — Any Gentleman willing to do 
so will please to apply to Gen'l Woodford. 

All Officers and Non Commission'd officers on Detachm* 
fatigue &c are immediately on their Return to Camp to make a 
Report to the Adj* General Specifing the Circumstances of the 
Several Employm*' 

1 Private for fatigue 


D. A. O. Oct' 20*'' 79. 9 oclock 

In Case of an alarm The Troops will parade in front of their 
Encampments and wait for Orders — 

The Deputy Q. M. Gen'l will Give orders to the Waggon mas- 
ters, And Every person in his Departm* To hold themselves 
in the Greatest Readiness To move at the Shortest warning and 
the Commanding officer of Every Corps will Give the Neces- 
sary Orders to those under his Command to be Alert in Case of 
an Alarm. 

D. O. Cacayett Oct' 21 «* 79 

Field Officer Major Merewether 

For Police Captain Welsh 

For to morrow Adj* Merewether 

S C P 

Picquet 1 

InG<^.„ 1 

Q'G<i _ 1 

For Com'^ 1 

R. O. Commanding officers of Company s are Immediately 
to make Returns for Drawing the Gill of Rum agreeable to Divi- 
sion Orders. The Serj* major Drum & fife major to be Drawn 
for in Cap* for in Cap* Hoffers Com^. 

D. O. Cacayett. Oct' 22^^ 79 

F. O. Col'o Gist 

For police Cap* Hoff 

For the day Adj* Cary 

S. C P 

For picquet 1 

For in G'^ 1 

For Q' G^.- 1 1 

For Com<^ 1 

D. O. Cacayett. Oct' 23'^ 79 

F. O. Col'o Nevill 


Cap* Hill (2) of the 4*'' Virg'a Reg* has been so Oblidging as to 
undertake to Superintend The fatigue party that are Employed 
in making fasheens &c. 

The Officers who Comm'^ their partys will take their Direc- 
tions from Cap* Hill and at Treat beating when the Come in 
will make a Report to Cap* Hill of the quantity made During 
the Day. Cap* Hill Excused from all Duty while Engaged in 
this business. 

As the present Mode of Issuing the State Store is found In- 
convenient as well to the Troops as to the Storekeeper, The 
following mode is to be aDopted, The Q.-M. of Each Regm* 
are to Receive the Returns of the Different Companies and Di- 
gest them Regm'l^ and Draw for the whole Reg* at one time the 
Officers Excepted who are Drawn as heretofore at the End of 
the month- 

The Cap* will pay to the Q-M. the Siun Due from their Com- 
panies to the State for the Store Rec^ Dureing the month, who 
will settle and pay the same to the Storekeeper, an Officer from 
the Division is to be Employed daily to stay at the Store Dur- 
ing the time of Isuing, To prevent the Soldiers from Commit- 
ing Disorder — 

The Surgeons of Each Regm* are to Report to the Col'o Such 
Sick as Stand in need of Necessarys from the Stores and the 
Store keeper will Isue to such sick on the order of the Col'o Lint 
a proportion of Tea, Sugar & Chocolate &c. as the Col'o Shall 
think Necessary, at the same time Retaining the Liquor of 
Such as are Drawn for- 

^Though the regiment and rank do not correspond with Heitman's ac- 
count this could, apparently, have been no other Va. officer than Thomas 
Hill, who was 1st lieutenant 7th Va., Feb. 7, 1776; captain Nov. 13, 1776, 
transferred to 5th Va. Sept. 14, 1778; Major July 4, 1779, resigned Feb. 
12, 1781. 


For police Cap* Lapsley (3) 

For the Day Adj* Robertson (4) 

For picqit 1 1 Serj* 

For in G'* 1 For picket 1 

Q' G'^ For in G"^ 

For fat 2 Q' G' 


Serj* Green 

R. O. A Court martial whereof Cap* Hamilton is president 
to set this day at 10 Clock at the presidents Tent for the Trial 
of Serj* Carter Coniin'd by Lieu* Merewether for Neglect of 
Duty and for Insolence on the parade. 

The Commanding OflEicer is Exceedly Sorry to think that he 
has any Individual under his Com'^ who could be Guilty of a 
Crime of so Black a Die The Heinousness of which must be 
So Stricking as to Require no Comm* 

G Gibson Col'o. 

D. O. Cacayett— Oct 24*'> 79 

F O. Col'o Brent 

Col'o Gibson is apointed field officer of this Day Vice Col'o 

For Detachment Col'o Nevell Lieu** Col'o Dabney &. Allison, 
Major Lee and Merewether. 

As soon as the weather Clears up all the Waggons and Teems 
in the Division are to Go Down on a Forageing party and are 
to be held in Readiness Accordingly One Col'o Two Lieu* Col' 
& Two Majors With a proportion of other Officers and 500 Men 
are to Compose the party 

John Lapsley ensign 7th Va. March 20, 1776; 2nd lieutenant, Nov. 
28, 1776; wounded at Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777; 1st lieutenant April 3d 
1778; transferred to 5th Va. Sept. 14, 1778; resigned May 7, 1779; Heit- 
man [and here he was yet in service in October, 1779] 

''James Robertson was adjutant 13th Va. October 15, 1777 to . 


The Commanding officer will take his Orders from Gen'l 

For Police Cap* Boswell 

For the Day Adj* Bown 

S C P 

For Picquet 1 

For in G^ 1 

For Q' G" 1 

For Command. 7 


(to be CONTINUED.) 


COUNCIL PAPERS 1698-1700. 

(From the original volume in the Virginia State Library.) 


Proclamation by Nicholson in Regard to Trade. 

Virginia ss. 

To all people to whom these presents Shall come I flfrancis 
Nicholson Esq'r His Majesties Leiutenant and Govenotir Gen'll 
of this His Colony and Dominion of Virginia send Greeting 

Know you that I the Said ffrancis Nicholson for the better 
and more due Observacon of One Act of Parliament made in 
the five and twentieth Yeare of the Reign of King Charles the 
Second Intituled an Act for Encouragement of the Eastland 
and Greeland Trades and for better Secureing the Plantacon 
trade have Deputed and Impowered and doe hereby Depute 
and Impower to be Collector of 

all the Rates Duties and Impositions arising and groweing 
due to His Majesty in in this His Maj'ts 

Colony and Dominion by Vertue of the Said Act whereby he 
hath power to enter into any Ship Bottom Boat or other Ves- 
sell as also into any Shop House Warehouse Hostlery or other 
place whatsoever to make dilligent Search into any Trunk 
Chest Pack Case Truss or any other Parcell or Package what- 
soever for any good's Wares or Merchandises prohibited to 
be imported or exported or whereof the Customes or other 
Duties have not been duly paid and the Same to Seize to His 
Maj'ts use And also to put in Execucon all other lawfull Powers 


and authorities for the better managing and Collecting the 
Said Duties in all things proceeding as the law directs hereby- 
willing and requireing all and every His Maj'ts Officers and 
Ministers and all others whom it may concern to be aiding and 
assisting to him in all things as becometh And I doe further 
grant to the Said that he Shall enjoy 

the Said Office During Pleasure or untill the Hon'ble Com- 
iconers of His Maj'ts Customes Shall give further or other 
Direccons therein Giveing under my hand and Seal this 

Day of in the Eleventh Yeare of His 

Maj'ts Reigne An'oqt Dm. 1699. A Comicon for 
to be Collector of 

Proclamation by Nicholson in Regard to Shipping. 

Virginia ss. 

To all people to whom these presents Shall come I ffrancis 
Nicholson Esqr His Maj'ts Leiutenant and Govenour Gen- 
erall of this His Colony and Dominion of Virginia send Greeting- 
Know Yee that I the said ffrancis Nicholson by Virtue of one 
Act of Parliament made in the twelfth yeare of the Reign of King 
Charles the second Intituled an Act for the Encouargeing and 
increasing of Shipping and Navigacon & one Act of parliam't 
made in the fifteenth yeare of his s'd Maj'tys Reign Ent'd an 
act for ye encouragem't of trade and one Act of Parliam't made 
in the twenty second and twenty third Yeares of the Reign of 
the Said King Charles Intituled an Act to prevent the planting 
of Tobacco in England and regulateing the plantacon Trade And 
one Act of Parliam't made in the twenty fifth Year of the 
Reign of the Said King Charles Intituled an Act for the en- 
couragem't of the Greenland and Eastland Trades and for 
the better Secureing the plantcaon trade and One Act of Par- 
liam't made in the seventh and eighth Yeares of his late Maj'ts 
Reign Intituled an act for the preventing frauds and regulateing 
abuses in the plantacon trade and in pursuance of the Authori- 
ties by the Said Acts of Parliam't and every of them to me 


given have Deputed and impowered and doe hereby Depute 
and Impower within the 

precints or Districts of in this His Maj'ts 

Colony and Dominion pursuant to the Said Acts of ParHam't 
to Execute the Office and Duty of the Officer comonly called 
and known by the Name of the Navall Officer with all and 
singular the Rights powers and Authority's to me given thereby 
According to the severall Rules Orders and Direccons therein 
prescribed and also to put in execucon all other lawfull powers 
and Authorities belonging to the said office in all things pro- 
ceeding as the Law directs Hereby willing and requireing all 
and every his Maj'ts Officers and Ministers and all others 
whom it may concern to be aiding and assisting to him in all 
things as becometh and I doe further grant imto the Said 
that he Shall enjoy the Said Office dureing pleastire given under 
my hand and Seal at James Citty the day of 

in the Eleventh yeare of His Maj'ts Reign Anoq Dm 1692 
A Comicon for to be Navall Officer 


Proclamation in Regard to the Public Revenue. 

Virginia ss. 

To all to whom these presents Shall come I ffrancis Nicholson 
Esq'r His Maj'ts Leiutenant and Govenoiu- Generall of this 
His Maj'ts Colony and Dominion of Virginia send Greeting 

Know Yee that I the Said ffrancis Nicholson By Vertue of 
One Act of Assembly made at James Citty the Eighth day of 
June 1680 Intituled an Act for raising a publick Revenue for 
the better Support of the Govemm't of this His Maj'ts Colony 
of Virginia And One Act of Assembly made at James Citty 
the tenth day of October 1693 Intituled an Act laying an Im- 
position upon Skins and ffurs for the better Support of the Col- 
ledge of William and Mary in Virginia, and One Act of As- 
sembly made at James Citty the twenty seaventh day of Aprill 
1699, Intituled an Act for Lessening the Levy by the Poll and 


laying and imposicon upon Liquors for and towards the build- 
ing the Capitoll and other PubHck uses and one Act of Assem- 
bly made upon the said twenty seventh Day of Aprill Intituled 
an Act for Laying an Imposicon upon servants and slaves Im- 
ported into this Coimtry towards the building the Capitoll by 
the advice of His Maj'ts Hon'ble Councill of State for this His 
Colony and Dominion have appointed deputed and Impowered 
and doe hereby appoint Depute and impower 

to be Collector and Receiver of all the Rates 
Duties and Impositions ariseing and groweing Due to His 
Maj'ty in this the precinct or District of 

within this His Maj'ts Colony and Dominion by Virtue of 
the Said- Acts of Assembly or any of them to and for the Sev- 
erall uses therein menconed and directed and I doe also com- 
iconate and authorise the Said to putt 

in execucon all lawfull powers and authorities for the better 
manageing and Collecting the Said Duties in all things pro- 
ceeding as the law directs, hereby willing and requireing all 
and every His Maj'ts Officers and Ministers and all others 
whom it may concern to be aiding and assisting to him in all 
things as becometh, and I doe further grant unto the said 

that he Shall enjoy the said Office dure- 
ing pleasure Given under my hand and seal at James Citty 
the day of in the Eleventh Year 

of His Maj'ts Reign Annoq. Dm. 1699. 

A Comicon for Gent to be Collect© 

of ye Virginia Duties in 

The Oath of a Collector. 

I : A : B : of in the Colony of Virginia doe 

solemnly Swear to doe my utmost that all matters and things 
contained in an Act of Parliament made in England in the 
twelfth yeare of the Reign of his late Maj'ty King Charles the 
Second Intituled an Act for encouraging and encreasing of 
Shipping and navigacon and one other Act made in the fifteenth 


Yeare of the Reign of the said King Charles the second In- 
tituled an act for the Encouragm't of trade and one Act of par- 
liam't made in the twenty second and third yeares of the Reign 
of the said King Charles the second Intitutled an act to pre- 
vent the planting Tobacco in England and regnlateing the 
Plantacon Trade, and one Act of Parliam't made in the twenty 
fifth yeare of the Reign of the said King Charles the Second 
Intituled an act for the Enconragm't of the Green land and 
Eastland trades and for the better Secureing of the plantacon 
trade and one Act of Parliam't made in y'e seventh and eighth 
yeares of His pr'sent Maj'ts Reign Intituled an act for the 
preventing frauds and regulateing abuses in the Plantation 
trade and also all other Acts which have been made for the 
beter regulateing and secureing the Plantacon trade so far as 
y'e same are now in force Shall be punctually and bona fide 
observed according to the true intent and meaning thereof 
soe far as appertaines to me the Collector of the said District. 

Soe help me God. 

(The Oath of the Navall Officer is the same as that of the 
Collector Mutatis mutandis) 

The Oath of the Collector of the Virginia Duties. 

I : A : B : Collector of the Virginia Duties in the Precinct of 
in the Colony of Virginia doe solemnly 
Swear to doe my utmost that all the matters and things con- 
tained in one Act of Assembly made at James Citty the eighth 
day of June 1680 intituled an act for raising apublick Revenue 
for the better support of the Govemtn't of this His Maj'ts 
Colony of Virginia and one Act of Assembly made at James 
City the tenth day of October 1693 Intituled an Act for lay- 
ing on Imposition on skins and ffurr's for the better support 
of the Colledge of William and Mary in Virginia And one act 
of Assembly made at James Citty the twenty Seaventh day of 
Aprill 1699 Intituled an Act for Lessening the Levy by the PoU 


and laying an Imposicon upon liquor's for and towards the build- 
ing the Capittoll and other publick uses and one Act of Assem- 
bly made at James Citty upon the said twenty seaventh day of 
Aprill, Intituled an Act for laying an Imposition on Servants 
and Slaves imported into this Country towards the building 
the Capitoll and also all other Acts of Assembly which have 
been made, and are now in force relateing to trade shall be 
punctually and bona fide observed according to the true in- 
tent and meaning thereof as far as appertains to me the Col- 
lector of the Virginia Duties, within the District aforesaid. 

Soe help me God. 

Orders IN Regard to Pirates. 

Whitehall, 25. September, 1697. 

His Majesty having taken into Consideration how much it 
concerns the good of his Subjects, and y'e security of Trade, 
that all Pyrates and Sea Rovers should be supprest, who are 
observed to have very much Encreased of late in their ntun- 
bers and to have done great damages as well to his Majesty's 
Subjects as to y'e Subjects of other princes and States in amity 
with his Majesty, and there being ground to beleive, that they 
have been encouraged to this boldness by the easy admittance 
they have found into his Majesty es Colony es and Plantations 
in America where some of them have been protected, or were 
not Enquired after as ought to have been done in order to 
bringing them to pimishment His Majesty has commanded 
me to signify his express pleasiu-e to the respective Govemours 
of the Colonyes aforesaid, that they use their utmost Diligence 
and strictly enjoyne the same to all officers under their Com- 
mand, that due care be taken within the limits of their severall 
Jurisdictions, To Arrest, seize, and secure the Ships, Persons 
and Effects of all such Pyrates and Sea Rovers as also that a 
true and Exact Inventory be made of all Money Plate Jewells 
Goods or other Effects whatsoever brought in by, or any way 
belonging to the said Pyrates the same to be signed and attested 


by proper Officers and that an account thereof, and of your 
proceedings herein, be by the first oppertunity transmitted 
to his Majesty by the hands of one of his Principall Secretary's 
of State, to the end, that such further direccons may be sent 
you as his Majesty shall think necessary; All which you are 
therefore carefully to observe, and in each particular conform 
yourself to his Majestyes pleasure accordingly I am 

Yoiu- most himible Servant 


To his Excellency Francis Nicholson Esq'r Govemour of Mary- 
land or in his absence to y'e Govemotu: for y'e time being in 

Instructions in Regard to Martial Law. 

Additional Instructions for our Trusty 
and wellbeloved Francis Nicholson Esq'r. 
Our Lieutenant and Govemour Gen- 
eral! of Our Colony and Dominion of 
William R. Virginia in America. Given at our 

Court at Kensington the 31st Day of 
(L. S.) May 1699. In the Eleaventh Year of 

our Reign. 
Whereas by a Clause in your Commision for the Government 
of our Colony & Dominion of Virginia, there is a power vested 
in you to execute Martiall Law in time of Invasion Lisurrection 
or Warr, as also upon Soldiers in Pay, which implies a Power of 
Executing such Martiall Law upon Soldiers in Pay even in 
time of Peace, and whereas upon consideracon of y'e present 
time of Peace, We have thought fit that the foremenconed 
Words, as also upon Soldiers in Pay, be omitted in the like 
Commissions; Yet nevertheless it being necessary that care be 
taken for the keeping of good discipline amongst the soldiers 
in Pay that are now in any of our Plantacons or that we may 
at any time hereafter send thither which may be provided for 


by y'e Legislative power in each of our said Plantacons re- 
that you FORBEAR in time of Peace to put the power conferred 
upon you by the foremenconed Words also upon Soldiers in 
Pay, in Execution : And that you recomend unto the Generall 
Assembly of our said Colony at such time as you shall find 
necessary The passing of such Act for the punishing of Mutiny 
Desertion and false Musters, and for the better preserving of 
good dicipline amongst Soldiers in pay as may best answer 
those ends. 

By His Majesty's Command 
Ja: Vernon. 

Order in Regard to Scotch Vessels in the West Indies. 
(The Darien Settlement.) 

Duplicate Whitehall 2d Janry 169^-99 


His Maj'ty having received Advice from y'e Island of Jamaica 
that severall Ships of force fitted out in Scotland were arrived 
at y'e Island of S't Thomas, (with an Intencon as they Declared) 
to settle themselves in some parts' of AMERICA their design being 
tmknown to his Maj'ty least y'e same should derogate from 
y'e treaties his Maj'ty have entered into with y'e Crown of 
Spain or be otherwise prejudiciall to any of his Maj 'ts Colon yes 
in y'e west Indies: his Maj'ty Comands me to signify his Pleas- 
ure to you, that you strictly enjoyn all his Maj'ts Subjects 
or others inhabiting within y'e districts of your Govemm't 
that they forbear holding any correspondence with, or giv- 
ing any assistance to any of y'e said p'sns, while they are en- 
gaged in y'e fores'd enterprize; & that no provisions, armes, 
amunicon or other necessarys whatsoever be carryed to them 
from thence, or be pmitted to be carryed either in their own 
Vessells or other Ships or Vessells for their use; his Maj'ty 
requires that you do not fail herein, but take particular care 


that ye above menconed direccons be duly observed, and that 
you send hither an account of your proceedings in ye execucon 
of these his Commands. I am 


Your most humble Servant 

Ja: Vernon. 

Whitehall. 18th June 1699. 

I signifyed to You his Maj'ts Pleasure in January last con- 
cerning y'e scots who had undertaken an Expedicon to the West 
Indies, the place not being then known in which they designed 
to settle and his Maj'ty being since informed that they have 
taken possession of y'e Bay of Caerat near y'e Bay of Darien 
between Cartagena & Porto Bello and are fortifying themselves 
there, seeming resolved to maintain it by force against the 
Spaniards: His Maj'ty Considering this attempt as a violacon 
of the Treaty's subsisting between his Maj'ty and the Crown 
of Spain, Comands me to acquaint you that he expects his for- 
mer orders shotild be strictly observed, a Duplicate whereof 
is therefore inclosed I suppose uopn the receipt of the first 
Letter You have given all necessary Directions that no Cor- 
respondence should be kept with ye said Scotch Colony and 
that no provisions, Ammunition or other assistance should be 
fumisht them, or be suffered to be conveighed to them, from any 
part of your Government, His Maj'ty would have y'e same 
care continued, so as y'e said orders may in all particulars be 
fully obeyed and put in execucon. 

I am 


Yotu- most humble Servant, 

Ja: Vernon. 

Francis Nicholson Esq'r His Maj'ts Lieutenant and Govemour 
Generall of 


Ja: Vernon America. 

172 virginia historical magazine. 

Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. 

Whitehall June the 26th 1699. 

His Majesty having been pleased by some late orders in 
Councill to regulate certain matters relating to his Plantations 
in America, and to require us to signify his pleasure therein 
to the respective Govemours of his said plantacons and do 
.what may be thereupon further necessary. 

You are to take notice, that his Majesty upon taking into 
Consideracon the Inconveniencies arising from the Execution 
of Patent places by Deputies either unqualifyed or too much 
inclined by the high Rents they pay unto Patentees, to make 
indirect advantages of their respective Places, has thought fit 
to order that all the Patent Officers within the plantacons be 
obliged by their patents or otherwise to actuall Residence upon 
the place, and to execute their respective offices in their own 
persons imless in case of sickness or other Incapacity. And 
therefore in order to the better observacon of his Majesty s 
pleasure in this particular, we think it necessary that you trans- 
mit unto Us by the first opportunity a full and perfect accoimt 
of all the patent offices within yotir Government with the 
particular tenour and Condicon of each respective Grant and 
how those conditions are complied with in the Execution of 
the same: Which we shall accordingly expect. 

You are also to take notice that his Majesty has been pleas'd 
to Direct concerning t he Ships of War which are or may be ap- 
pointed to attend any of his Plantacons that especiall care be 
taken that they be good Sailors; That they be annually relieved 
by others; That the Commanders thereof be strictly required 
to observe the Laws of the Plantacons relating to the Departure 
or Transportacon of the Inhabitants, and not to carry off any 
Inhabitants from the said Plantacons contrary to the Laws 
provided in each Plantacon respectively: And that they do 
not leave their stations in any of the Plantacons without the 
previous knowledge of the respective Govemours of the said 
Plantacons and a due regard to his Maj'ts Service in those 
parts. Concerning all which matters in your Govemm't, to- 


gether with whatever else has been formerly signifyed unto 
you relating to his Maj'ts Ships of War there, We think it 
likewise necessary that you give us from time to time an exact 

We have this to add in Particular relating to the Colony of 
Virginia that the Ship ordered by his Maj'ty for the Service 
there is to be of the sixth Rate. 

And whereas great complaints are frequently made of the 
Mischeifs committed by Pyrates in remote parts, and of the 
support and encouragem't which they still find in his Maj'ts 
Plantacons in America notwithstanding the repeated directions 
that have been given to the respective Govern 'rs thereof to 
take all possible care for the preventing of such ill practices 
we cannot but thereupon mind you to use & continue your 
utmost diligence in discovering, suppressing and punishing all 
offenders & offences of that kind whatsoever within your Gov- 
emm't; And to that intent we more particularly recomend to 
your care that strict inquiry be made after the ship & men 
described in the enclosed paper, and that such of them as can 
be found, be punished with the utmost severity of Law and 
the ship and cargo secured for those to whom they do belong. 
So we bid you heartily farewell. 

Yoiu" very Loving Friends 
Ph: Meadows 
John Locke 
Abr: Hill 

Board of Trade to the Governor of Virginia. 

Whitehall June the 28^^ 1699. 

We have received your Letters of the 4**' and 27*'' of Febru- 
ary last with the severall Papers therein menconed, And as we 


have been alway's satisfied with the exact method of your ad- 
vices, and are so with the account you have now given us of 
your proceedings as well In leaving the Government of Mary- 
land, as since your Entrance upon the Government of Virginia, 
we desire you to continue the same punctual! advice upon all 
occasions, with Assurance that we will not be wanting in any- 
thing that lyes in us to second yotir Endeavours in promoting 
his Majesty's Service and the Interest of the Colony Comitted 
to your Charge. 

There is a Clause in your Instructions relating to the repealing 
of an Act past in the Generall Assembly there in 1680 about 
Attorneys, which having been given in the same manner to 
former Govemours, we desire you to inform us particularly how 
that matter at present stands. 

You will observe by a Clause in your Instructions relating 
to the building of a house for your self and other successive 
Govemour of that Colony to Hve in that it is thought necessary 
such a house be built, and that his Maj*^ does not think fitt to 
continue the former allowance of a Hundred and fifty pounds 
P An. to Govemours for hous rent. Therefore we expect to hear 
of your Endeavours to promote that work, and your report 
thereupon according to the tenour of that Clause. 

The Revisall of the laws of that Colony is also a thing esteemed 
to be highly necessary towards the affecting which S'' Edmund 
Andros advised us some while since of the Endeavours he had 
used and of the Difficulties that occurred therein, chiefly through 
a disagreement between the Councill and Assembly. Where- 
fore the same thing being again recomended to your care by 
your Instructions as we doubt not of your Endeavours therein 
we shall be glad to hear that the prove effectuall for the accom- 
plishing of so usefull a Work. 

There are many other things in yoiu* Instructions somewhat 
different from those which have been given to former Govemours 
which have bin thought for his Maj*^ service & y'' wellfare of 
that Colony And therefore tho' we doubt not of your Care in all, 
yet we desire more particularly an account of your proceedings 



in those of that kind and how you find them suited to the pres- 
ent state of that Colony. So we bid you heartily Farewell. 
Your loving Friends. 
Ph. Meadows 
John Locke 
Abr. Hill 

Auditor Byrd's Account OF Import and Export Duties, 1699. 


. 13 


.. 06 


.. 19 


.. 2 


.. 8 




.. 7.. 


Virg'a ss William Byrd Aud"" to his Maj*'«« 1699 Rev- 

enue of Two shillings for Every H*^^ of Tobacco Exported out 
of this Colony of Virg'a and 15*^ P Tun for every Ship trading 
There and Sixpence p' pole for every P son imported into this 
Colony for halfe a Year Ending the twenty fourth of December 

is D' 
June 24 Li s d 

To Ball*=* due from this Accomptant 1 

to his Maj^y j 

To Col'o Rich'i Lee CoU'ctr of Poto- ^ 
mack District his Accoimt of 
Two Shillings P H'^'^ Comitted 

Last Acco'' 

To his Acco* of port Duty's and Head 


To Col'o Scarburgh his Acco* of the 
Eastern Shore district Two 

Shillings P H''<= ._... 

To his Acco* port Duty's and Head 

Money _ 9 

To Col'o Hill Collect' of the Upper- 
District of James River his Ac- 
count of Two Shillings P H''^.... 
To his Acco* of port Duty's and Head 




Col'o Edm Jenings Collect' of Yorke 
River his Acco* of Two Shill- 
ings P H'^^ - 

To his Accotint of port Dutyes and ^ 
Head Money — J 

To Ralph Wormely Esq' Collect' of 
Rappahanocke district his Ac- 
co* of two Shillings P H'^^ 

To his Account of port Duty's & head \ 
Money j 

To M' Peter Hayman Collect' of the 1 
Low' dstrict of James River his > 
Acco* of two Shillings P H^^*.... J 

To his Acco* of port Duties and head ^ 
Money j 







Contra Creditor 

By paid his Excellency for six Mon — 
eths Salary Ending the Twenty- 
fourth of Decemb' 1699 by or- 
der of his Excellency 

By paid his Excell^^ Six Moneths 
House rent Ending the same 
time by Order as before 

By paid the Hon'ble W'" Blathwayt 
Esq' his Maj*' Aud' &c a Six 
moneths Salary ending the 24*'' 
Xb' 1699 by order before. 

By paid M'- Benj'a Harrison Clke of 
the CounciU six moneths Sal- 
ary Ending the same time by 
order as before 

By paid Bartholomew ffowler Esq' his 
Maj*^ Attorney Gen'll six mon- 
eths Salary ending the same 
time time by order as before 




J 50. 





12 2 

5 6 


13 3 

13 9 

s d 



00 00 

00 00 



By paid the Solicit' of Virg'a affairs six 
moneths Salary ending the same 
time by order as before 

By paid Edward Ross Gunner of the 
fort at James City six moneths 
Salary ending the same time by 
order as before _ 

By paid M'' Benj'a Harrison Gierke of 
the Gouncill for y® Ministers 
Last Gen '11 Court and for Mes- 
sages and other Extraordinary 
Charges of the Government by 
order as before 

By the Collectors Salary of ^1012..00 
05<^ at 10 P Cent 

By the Auditors Salary of ^910..16 
4^ at 73^ P Cent.___ 


00 00 

00 00 





00 9 

4 01^ 

6 2 

10 11^ 

So that there remains due to his Maj ^^ '' 
from this Accomptant the Sume 
of five hundred Sixty Two 
pounds Two Shillings and nine 
pence half permy to Ball 'a this 





Memorand. The Gent of his Maj*' Hon'ble Councill were 
paid their Salary's but till the 27*'^ of Aprill Last as P last ac- 
count sent will appear, so that in Aprill next they will have 
the whole years Salary due to them. Viz* ^350 Sterl. 

178 virginia historical magazine. 

Board of Trade to the Governor of Virginia 

Whitehall November the 30*'^ 1699 

We shall ere long give you a particular answer to your Letter 
of the 1'* of July last. But in y" mean while a Letter from his 
Maj*^ relating to pyrates (tho' it be not y* main thing intended 
on that Subject) lying in our hands and an Opportunity offer- 
ing of sending it by D' Bray who is going for Maryland and will 
take care to transmit it to you by some safe Conveyance, We 
would not omit to send it accordingly here inclosed. So we 
bid you heartily Farewell. 

Your very Loving Friends 
Ph : Meadowes 
William Blathwayt 
John Pollexfen 

For His Maj*^ Especiall Service 

For The Hon'ble Francis Nicholson Esq' Lieutenant and 
Governor General of His Maj*' Colony and Dominion of Vir- 
ginia in America, Or to the Commander in Chief of that Prov- 
ince for the time being. 


Proclamation in Regard to Pirates 

William R. 

Trusty and Welbeloved. We Greet you well 

Whereas in y^ frequent Resort of Pyrates to several of our 
Plantations in America it may sonetimes happen that you may 
have intelligence of some of them keeping upon their Guard or 
at a distance by Sea or Land either within or in the Neighbour- 
hood of our Colony and Dominion of Virginia committed to 
your Charge so that it may be dificult for you to seize them 
either by surprize or force in such cases therefore (as opportu- 
nities may offer) you are to insinuate to them by Letters, Mes- 


sengers or otherwise in the best manner You can that those who 
shall be forwardest to surrender themselves and most ingenious 
in their Confessions will have the surest groimds to hope for 
our Mercy. 

And Whereas We have been informed from Severall of Our 
said plantations that divers persons committed for Pyracy have 
through the Neglect or Willfull Connivance of the Goalers 
escaped out of the respective Goales to which they were so 
committed which is a matter of such Consequence as deserves 
to be strictly looked into We do hereby will and Require you 
u pon any such occassion happening within our said Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia to use your utmost endeavors that the 
goalers and all {other persons concern 'd or assisting in that 
Crime be punished for the Same with the utmost severity of the 
Law or if the Law of our said Colony and Domimion of Vir- 
ginia be defective in that point that you endeavor to get some 
effectuall Act past there for preventing not only the like Mis- 
chief, but in General the Escape of all Prisoners for the future. 
Given at Our Court at Kensington the 10*'' day of November, 
1699, In the Eleventh Year of Our Reign. 

By his Majesties Command. 

To Oiu- Trusty and well beloved Francis Nicholson Esq' Our 
Lieutenant Govemour and Comander in Cheif of Our Colony 
and Dominion of Virginia in America. 

And to Our Chief Govemour or Governours there for the time 

Proclamation in Regard to Pirates 

William R. 

Trusty and well Beloved wee greet you well. 

Whereas we have been informed that Severall Pirates have 
been lately Seized in our Plantations in America and it being 
Necessary that due Care be taken for bringing them and all 
others that May in Like Manner be Seized hereafter to Con- 
dign Punishment wee do hereby will and require you to Send 
hither in Safe Custody all Pirates who are or shall be in Prison 


in ovii Collony and Dominion of Virginia under yo' Govemm* 
at the time of yo' Receiving this directions and also to send the 
Wittnesses and other Evidences upon which the s<^ Pirates have 
been Seized and w'=^ May be of any use towards thire Convic- 
tion here that Soe they May be Tryed and Ptmished According 
to Law, and in the Meanwhile to take Care that the goods and 
Effects of the s*^ Pirates be Secured Soe that they May here- 
after be disposed of as Shall be by Law determined 

And for all other Pirates that May be Seized in our s*^ CoUony 
of Virg'a for the future OUR will and Pleasure is that if you 
Judge by the Circumstances of any Particular Case and by the 
Laws in force and disposition of the People in our Said Collony 
of Virginia that such Pirates may be more Speedyly and Effec- 
tually Brought to Punishm* there then by Sending them 
heither, you take Care in all Such Cases that they be Tryed 
thire and punished according to the Sentences that Shall be 
given but if you Judge otherwise by the disposition of the people 
or by defects in the Law there or other Circumstances you are 
to Send them hither in Maner afores*^ And in both Cases OUR 
WILL and PLEASURE is that you take such Care that thire 
Goods & Effects be Secured Soe that they May be forth Come- 
ing to be disposed off according as the Law shall directe and Soe 
wee Bid you farewell given at o'' Court at Kinsington y^ Tenth 
day of ffebruary 1699 in the Eleventh Year of o' Reign. 

By his Maj*"* Comands 

To our Trusty and well Beloved ffrancis Nicholson Esq' 
Lieu* and Gov' Generall of our Collony and Dominion of Vir- 
ginia in America or our Comander in Chief of our Said Collony 
for the time being. 


Commission of Robert Carter and John Custis as Coun- 

William R. 
Trusty and well Beloved wee greet you well. 
Whereas wee have Reced a good Character of the Loyalty 


Integrity and Ability of our Trusty and well Beloved Robert 
Carter and John Custis Esq" wee have thought fitt hereby to 
Signify our will and Pleasure to you and accordingly OUR will 
and pleasure is that forthwith upon Receipt hereof you Cause the 
s<* Robert Carter and John Custis to be Swome of the Councill 
of o"" Collony and Dominion of Virginia and for Soe doeing this 
Shalbe yo"^ warr*. AND Soe wee Bid you farewell Given at o' 
Court at Kinsington the 26*'' day of December 1699 In the Elev- 
enth Year of o' Reign. 

By his Majesties 


M' Nicholson Cover ■■ of Virginia. 

To our Trusty and well Beloved ffrancis Nicholson Esq' 
our L* and Governor and Comander In Cheif of our Colony 
and Dominion of Virginia in america and to our Cheife Gov' 
or Governors there for the time being. 

Proclamation in Regard to huguenots 

William R. 

Trusty and well Beloved, wee Greet you well. 

Whereas y* Marquis de La Muce Monseitir de Sailly, and 
Severall other french Protestant Refugiez have by their peti- 
tion htmibly Craved our Leave to Settle themselves In Norfolk 
County In Virginia und'' yo"" Government and whereas wee are 
graciously pleased to afford them y° s'^ Refugeiz all reasonable 
Countenance and Assistance In ord'' to further and facilitate 
these Settlements there accordingly Wee Do hereby Will and 
Require you upon their arrivall there to give them all possible 
Incouragem* by granting unto them such Tracts of Land as 
usual to new Comers In y^ Province and giveing them Such 
further Assistance in Settleing their famaUes and promoteing 
their Endeavours In planting as may be reasonable, And So 
wee bid you farewell. 


Given at our Court at Kensington y« 18*'' day of March 17 Vo*. 
In y* Twelfth Year of our Reign. 

By His Maj*y« Comand 


To y* Cover'" of Virginia. 

To our Trusty and Well Beloved ffrancis Nicholson Esq' our 
Lie* Cover' and Comand' In Cheif of our Colony and Dominion 
of Virginia in a Merica or to Our Cheif Cov'or Gov'* there for 
the time being. 

Proclamation in Regard to Huguenots 

Whitehall Aprill y« 12t'' 1700. 

His Majesty haveing been Graciously Pleased upon our himi- 
ble representation, by a Letter und' his Royall Sign Manuall 
to require you to give all possible Incouragem* to y® Marquis 
De La Muce Monseiur De Sailly and other french protestants in 
their Design to Settle in Virginia and those Gentlemen being 
now about to Embark themselves wee Can Do no Less than re- 
comend them to your favourable Assistance Upon their Arrivall 
there In order to their Intended Settlement. 

In our Letter of y* fourth of January Last wee writ you our 
thoughts upon a proposall made by y^ Earle of Bellomont for 
opening a new Trade w*^ some Western Indians ; and his Lord- 
ship haveing since Informed us y* Some of those Indians had 
Killed and Scalped five of y^ New York Indians, Called Gene- 
vas, wee think it y® more necessary y* y'u use yo' Endeavours, 
In Concert w**' y*' Cover' of Maryland to Settle Some trade or 
Intercourse w*^^ those Indians In order for the preventing of 
any Such Like Mischief for the future. 

And whereas thee Earle of Bellomont has upon that Occasion 
Desired us to procure his Maj*'* Leave y* he may have a meet- 
ing wt^ y'u and Coll. Blackiston Philadelphia, Wee by his 
Maj*'^ Ord' Signified to his Lordship and do y'' Same now to 
you, y* his Maj*'* Is Pleased to approve of y^ proposed meet- 



ng and Gives Leave Accordingly that it be wherever you shall 
agree amongst your Selves. So wee bid you heartily farewell. 

YouT Very Loveing ffriends. 

Wee Desire you to forward 
y° Inclosed Letter to ffrancis 
Nicholson Esq' 

Ph: Meadows 
William Blathwayt 
John Pollexfen 
Abr. Hill 
George Stepney. 

(to be continued") 



[Thomas Massie, son of William Massie of New Kent County, 
bom August 22, 1747, is stated by Heitman to have been Captain 6th 
Virginia, March 11, 1776, Major 11th Virginia, February 20th, 1778, 
transferred to 2d Virginia, September 14, 1778, resigned June 25th, 1779. 
About 1780 he removed from New Kent County to Frederick, and thence 
about 1803, to Amherst (now Nelson) County. He married Sarah 
Cocke, of "Bremo," Henrico County, and died at his residence, "Level 
Green," February 2, 1834. He had three sons who have many descend- 
ants. One of them was the lamented Judge Thornton L. Massie. For 
an account of Major Massie's descendants see The William and Mary 
Quarterly XV, 125-129. Unfortunately the first page of the copy of the 
declaration, sent to this Society a number of years ago, has been lost.] 

burg and the country between York and James Rivers, against 
the depredations of Lord Dunmore and his myrmidons. With- 
in the ensuing Fall, he received a captain's commission to re- 
cruit a company of Regular soldiers to serve in the 6th Va. 
Reg. of the line on continental establishment. His Company, 
being recruited at the commencement of the following Spring, 
he marched it to Williamsburg, and united with the said 6th 
Regt., then under command of Cols. Buckner and Elliot, and 
Major Hendricks. All the companies were nearly complete, 
some he believes, quite so, viz., — Capt. Samuel Cabell, Lieu- 
tenants Barrett and Taliaferro, and Ensign Jordan; Capt. 
Ruffin, two lieutenants and ensign; Capt. Johnson, two lieu- 
tenants and ensign; Capt. Hopkins, ditto; Capt. Garland, ditto; 
Capt. Cocke, ditto; Capt. Oliver Towles (a celebrated lawyer) 
and company officers; Capt. Gregory, ditto. He believes 
Capt. Worsham, or Dun and Avery. Also himself (Capt. 
Massie), Lieutenants Hockaday and Epperson, and Ensign 
Armistead. The companies were raised in different and dis- 
tant parts ot the state and he had not even personal acquaint- 
ance with many of them, which, together with the length of time, 
renders it difficult for him to remember every officer's name. 
After the Regiment was equipped and armed, it marched out 
and camped in the vicinity of Williamsburg where it entered 


into camp and military training; whence his regiment was 
ordered to march to the North. Within the summer following 
this was done imder the command of Col. Buckner, and Major 
Hendricks (Lieu-Col. Elliot having withdrawn). Capt. Ruffin 
died and he believes another officer, and several resigned or 
or withdrew. The regiment marched through Virginia by way 
of Fredericksburg and the Northern Neck, through the upper 
part of Maryland into Pennsylvania by way of Lancaster, leaving 
Philadelphia to the right, crossed the Delaware River above Tren- 
ton, and passed through Jersey to Perth Amboy, where the regi- 
ment was posted to defend that point and the country around un- 
til fiirther orders. Gen. Washington at that time having the 
greater part of the main American army on Long and York Is- 
lands, soon after the defeat of that army on those islands, he with 
his said Regiment was to march up the Sound byway of Newark. 
The storm and capture of Fort Montgomery taking place, he 
met with Gen. Putnam at Newark, and marched up the North 
River as high as Fort Lee. The defeated army had crossed the 
Hudson, except a part that had marched on the east side of 
that river imder the command of Gen. Chas. Lee, He, the said 
Thomas Massie, fell in the rear of those retreating troops who 
had been appointed to cover their retreat and marched the up- 
per road by Springfield, Scotch Plains, &c. to New Brunswick, 
on the Raritan River, where the troops to which he was attached 
were attacked by the British van. Having destroyed a part 
of the bridge, the said American troops kept up a hot fire with 
their artillery and small arms, with the British the whole day. 
This checked the progress so much as to enable Gen. Washing- 
ton to cross the Delaware River with the retreating army, 
military stores &c. The troops to which he was attached (be- 
ing unincumbered) also had the good fortune to cross the Dela- 
ware without much loss. Gen. Washington having refreshed 
the troops and received reinforcements recrossed the Delaware 
in the night of the 24th of December (he thinks), surprised 
and defeated a large body of Hessians, posted at Trenton, cap- 
tured about 900 of their number, and crossed the River again 
with them. Several days subsequent. Gen. Washington, hav- 
ing received reinforcements, again crossed the Delaware River 
with his army and took post at Princeton. 


He, the said Massie, was for the two succeeding years gener- 
ally employed on detached or particular service, consequently 
was seldom with the said Sixth Regiment or his company, 
which company was by this time much reduced. On the 1st 
day of January, 1777 he marched under the command of Gen. 
Scott (who headed a considerable body of troops) on or about 
the Princeton road and encamped in the evening on the Heights 
above Maiden-head. Soon after the van of an army under 
the command of Lord Comwallis appeared, followed by the 
main body, said to amount to 12,000 men, and encamped in 
the place for the night. By dawn of the next day the enemy 
were in motion and filed off in columns to the American left, 
apparently to surroimd them. The Americans discharged two 
light field pieces of artillery at them, without return, and re- 
treated down the road to a creek, which they crossed over a 
bridge and destroyed the same, and took possession of the 
ground on the Trenton side of the creek, then covered with 
large forest trees. Gen. Hard at that time, being above with 
a large corps of Western Pennsylvania riflemen, the Americans 
kept the enemy at bay for several hours (he believes) before he 
could effect the passage of the creek with his large and heavy 
artillery. The Americans retreated up and slowly along the 
road to the siunmit of a hill also covered with forest trees. 
Here Gen. Washington, accompanied by Gen. Green with re- 
inforcements, come up. Here the Americans also skirmished 
(a considerable time) with the enemy before they retreated, 
and ultimately retreated to a long hill perhaps a mile to the 
west end of Trenton in view of the main American Army. 
Here they formed and awaited the attack of the enemy. The 
day being now very far spent, the enemy appeared and ap- 
proached the Americans in columns. As they were displaying 
we gave them a fire in single file from right to left, and retreated 
under a heavy fire of musketry and artillery, and formed tmder 
the protection of the main army in Trenton. A very heavy 
cannonade ensued directly between the two armies that lasted 
until after dark and has been called the cannonade of Trenton. 
Gen. Washington, having fortunately gained a grand point in 
eluding Cornwallis' intention of bringing him into a general 


action, made up large fires in front and left those who had been in 
the van during the day to keep them up. He immediately 
marched with his anny, and taking the Princeton road, reached 
that place eariy the next morning, defeated Col. Mahood, who 
Lord Comwallis had left there with troops to defend the place 
and its stores. Gen. Washington, having taken off those stores 
&c., proceeded down the road by Kingston and Somerset Court 
House to Morristown, where he established posts on the Raritan 
in Jersey, viz., at Perth Amboy, Bonnontown and Brunswick. 
Gen. Washington also established a Hne of posts opposite to 
them with a view of preventing the British garrisons from hav- 
ing intercourse with and marauding the country. He, the 
said Massie, was placed on this duty at Middle Post, Natuchen, 
under the command of Col. Hendricks, and served on it near 
five months. This duty was extremely severe by night as 
well as by day, constant patrolling, frequent skirmishes, some 
of them very bloody nocturnal surprises, the cutting off of 
pickets etc., always attended with loss of men, and great fatigue. 
The British called in their posts about the first of Jime and the 
American Posts were evacuated about the middle of June. He, 
with the other officers &c. who had been in this line of duty 
joined the main army at Middlebrook. Sometime after, he 
and five other officers were sent to Virginia with instructions. 
He, on his return, joined the army under Gen. Washington at 
the White Marsh Hills. Shortly after. Gen. Morgan returned 
with troops from the capture of Burgo^me's army. Our army 
then marched into winter quarters by way of the gulf to Valley 
Forge. He was soon detailed on duty under Gen. Morgan, 
who was to take post at Radnor about half way between Valley 
Forge and the mouth of the Schuylkill River, with a view to 
cutting off the communication of the enemy from that part of 
the country which was effected. About this time (Feb. 1778) 
he was promoted to the rank of Major. In the Spring he com- 
manded a large guard low in the lines not far above Philadel- 
phia. Here he received Lord Cathcart, Aide to Gen. Clinton, 
with a fiag of truce and dispatches for Congress. Agreeably 
to orders, he, Cathcart, was not permitted to proceed further. 
The dispatches were read and delivered to Gen. Morgan. Im- 


mediately after, Gen. Clinton evacuated Philadelphia. He 
(Massie) marched imder Gen. Morgan, through the city, pro- 
ceeded up and crossed the river, and united with the main 
army. He with Major Gibbs was detailed to attend Gen. 
Morgan, who was appointed to command the light troops etc., 
to interrupt and endeavor to retard the march of the British 
army through Jersey to Sandy Hook. The first attempt to 
retard their march was made at Allentown. This stopped 
them a day and some prisoners were taken. The second at- 
tempt was a complete surprise, from thick shrubbery in the 
pines, where 16 to 18 prisoners were brought off and a few 
killed with little loss to the Americans. Several other attempts 
were made to alarm and retard their march which succeeded 
so far as to enable Gen. Washington to march with his main 
army by Englishtown and obtain a position which gave him 
the power of bringing Gen. Clinton to a general engagement, 
in which it is believed he would have been entirely successful 
except for the flagrant disobedience of orders by Gen. Chas. 
Lee, who commanded the van of the American Army. On 
that, the 28th day of Jtme, 1778 (an intense hot day) Gen. 
Washington ordered Gen. Lee to attack in full force. This, 
the said Massie, knows to be the fact, the orders having been 
communicated verbally by Gen. Washington through him, 
(the said Massie) the evening before. On Gen. Lee's approach 
the British army drew up in order of battle. Gen Lee ordered 
a retreat which was done under a slow retreating fire for some- 
time. Gen. Lee repeatedly sent orders to the officers com- 
manding the several flanking corps not to advance and engage. 
This state of things continued imtil Gen. Washington came 
into the field himself, took the command, arrested Gen. Lee, 
and renewed the battle by bringing the troops into action. The 
battle at Monmouth Court House was a bloody and hard 
fought action. After the sunset the British army gave way, and 
it being too dark for pursuit, the American Army lay on the 
field for the night, with a view to renew the battle the next 
day; but the British Army in the night, made a silent and 
rapid retreat, leaving their dead and wounded. Gen. Morgan, 
under whose command he, the said Massie still acted, was 


ordered to pursue the British early next morning, but they 
could not be overtaken except two or three hundred stragglers 
that were captured. Pursuit was continued to Middleton 
Heights immediately above Sandy Hook. After being there 
and thereabout for several days, the troops marched up by 
Sposwood to Brunswick, bridge on the Raritan River. Here 
we had a feu de joie in honor of the victory of Monmouth. 
From thence he marched to King's Ferry on the Hudson river, 
and crossed to the White Plains in New York. Here he re- 
mained several weeks. From there, he, with several other 
officers, was ordered to Rhode Island to assist Gen. 
Sullivan at the siege of Newport, then in the possession of the 
British. A violent storm, however, with rain, etc. for several 
days having driven Coimt D'Estrey's fleet from the mouth of 
the harbour out to sea, rendered it impracticable for Gen. 
Sullivan to proceed with the siege; he consequently retired 
from the island and the said Massie with the other officers de- 
tached as above stated returned and rejoined their respective 
regiments then encamped on the Hudson some distance above 
West Point, and on the opposite side. 

Soon after this, the stirprise and captiu-e of Baylor's newly 
raised regiment of calvalry near Heroington, happened, when 
he with his regiment marched under the command of Gens. 
Woodford and Morgan with their troops to that neighborhood 
and took post on the strong heights of Paramus. By this 
time a large British force (said to amoimt to 6,000) imder the 
command of Lord ComwalHs had taken the possession of the 
town of Hackensack, with a view of foraging the coimtry, in 
which they did not succeed to much extend, owing to the vigi- 
lence of the American troops in attacking and repulsing their 
foraging parties. In a few weeks the British army returned 
to New York and the said Massie with his regiment tmder the 
command of Col. Febiger was posted at Hackensack. Soon 
after this, Col. Febiger was called off, and the said Massie was 
left in the sole command of the Regiment. This was the second 
Virginia Regiment on continental establishment. The officers 
were. Captains Taylor, Parker, Calmes, Catlett, Stokes, Ken- 
non, Gill, etc., etc., as well as recollected at the distant date 


He continued there until after the middle of December, when 
he with his command pursuant to orders marched into winter 
quarters at Boundbrook, on the north side of Raritan River 
(under the command of Gen. Lord Sterling, who commanded 
that division of the army) where he continued quietly for a con- 
siderable time. The British were confined to New York and 
its environs and employed in arranging and strengthening their 
posts of defense. Their embarcation of troops to our Southern 
States and other occturences demonstrated the intention of 
moving the main seat of war there, with a view to attempt 
the subjugation of those states. Time progressing, it was 
known that Congress had determined to defend and save 
Charleston, if possible, and that the eight old Virginia Regi- 
ments were doomed to that service. Those (8) Regiments 
were then so much reduced in number that they were conso- 
idated into (?) Regiments (March, 1780). The officers whose 
commissions bore the highest rank, of course, took the com- 
mand. The said Massie was of consequence a supernumerary 
officer, and, with Gen. Washington's permission, returned to 
Virginia, holding his commission (which he at this time has) 
ready and subject to duty with other supemimierary officers 
whenever called on or required. 

He ranlced as Major on the 20th February, 1778, but did not 
take his commission from the war office (not having leisure to 
call for it) until the 20th March, 1779. His commission as 
captain was literally worn and rubbed out in his pocket while 
on duty from the constant exposure to rain, hail and snow day 
and night. He acted alternately under the commands of 
Gens. Scott, Weedon, Sullivan, Morgan, Woodford, Gen. Lord 
Sterling &c., &c. He was afterwards under the command of 
Gen. Nelson as Aidecamp in the winter of 1780 and 1781, 
when Arnold invaded Virginia and destroyed the public stores 
and houses at Richmond and Arsenal and foundry etc., etc., 
at Westdam and was finally at the siege of Yorktown,and the 
surrender of that Post with the British Army, in October, 1781. 

After the ratification of the treaty of peace, he received five 
thousand, three hundred and thirty- three and a third acres 
of land in the states of Ohio and Kentucky (the patents for 


which he now has) in consideration of his services as Major 
aforesaid. He likewise received some three per cent and six 
per cent certificates, not worth much at the time, afterwards 
sold, amount not recollected. He hereby relinquishes every 
claim whatever to a pension (saving and excepting his right 
to half pay up to 1831, the claim to which he intends prosecut- 
ing before Congress) and he declares that his name is not on the 
pension roll of any Agency in any state. 

(Signed) Thomas Massie, Sen'r. 
Sworn and subscribed the 
day and year aforesaid. 

(Signed) Jno. P. Cobbs. 

And the undersigned Justice of the Peace before whom the 
foregoing declaration is sworn to and subscribed, doth hereby 
declare it as his opinion that the above named applicant was 
a Revolutionary officer, and served as he states. It is more- 
over certified that the said applicant from age and bodily in- 
firmity is unable to attend the Court of the County in order 
to mal<:e his declaration, not having heen there (at the Court 
House) for many years. 

Given under my hand and seal this day and year first above 
written. (Signed) Jno P. Cobbs. (Seal.) 

Justice of the Peace. 

State of Virginia, 

Nelson County towit: 

In testimony that the above John P. Cobbs, before whom 
the foregoing declaration was made and sworn to, is and was 
at the time of making the same a duly and lawfully commis- 
sioned magistrate of the County of Nelson and the State of 
Virginia, and authorized to administer oaths, take acknowledge- 
ments, etc., and furthermore that his name subscribed to the 
foregoing declaration appears to be his usual signature, I have 
hereunto affixed my seal of office and subscribed my name, 
and qualify as clerk of the County Court of Nelson in the State 
of Virginia, at Lovingston, the Court House of the said County 
of Nelson, this 16th day of Feb. 1833. 

(Seal) Spottswood Ggxland. 


Virginia towit : 

I, John Floyd, Governor of the state aforesaid, do hereby 
certify and make known to all whom it may concern that 
Spottswood Garland, whose name is subscribed to the armexed 
certificate under the seal of the County Coxirt of Nelson, was 
at the time of subscribing the same, Clerk of the said Coimty 
Court of Nelson, in the State of Virginia, duly appointed and 
qualified according to law. And to all his official acts as such 
full faith, credit and authority are had and ought to be given. 
In testimony whereof I have subscribed my name and caused 
the great seal of the state to be affixed hereunto. Done at 
the City of Richmond the 20th day of February in the year of 
our Lord, one thousand, eight hundred and thirty-three, and of 
the Commonwealth of the fifty-seventh. 

(Signed) John Floyd. 
By the Governor. 

(Signed) Wm. A. Richardson, 

Sec'y. Com'th. 

And Keeper ot the Seal. 





From Mrs. Jane Hookham Frere of Gould Square London & Roydon in 
Norfolk to Frances Norton Baylor of New-Market in Virginia. 

August 2nd 1795 

My dear Madam, 

Though I have no particular intelligence to convey 
for your amusement, the lapse of a year is such a chasm in a correspond- 
ence that it must be accounted on the decline if it is not reanimated at 
least once in this time: as I wish ours to be preserved, I sit down though 
without a precise idea of any thing worthy your perusal to communicate 
to endeavor to recollect what has occurred that you may wish to be in- 
formed of. Only one circumstance of moment and that a melancholy 
one has happened in our family since I wrote last viz. the death of my 
Brother Sir John Fenn in 1794 which is a great loss to us all, for his ex- 
cellent understanding & true friendship for us so tender & so tried we 
cannot hope or expect to find in another. My sister has been in very 
great dejection of mind but her health is rather better than formerly, 
and her spirits are not a little recovered. She is now at Malvern Wells, 
in Worcestershire where she was so kind as to take my youngest Daughter 
Susan for a complaint of slight swelling in the glands of her neck — which 
the use of the waters has nearly removed. 

I have now only my youngest son remaining at school, the fourth 
and fifth are students at Trinity Coll. Cambridge, the sixth a Lieut, 
in the Royal Artillery commanded by Marquiss Comwallis. 

Naming Cambridge reminds me of telling you or rather Mr. Baylor 
that we visited Mr. Bond last Summer at his new built house at Wheat- 
ame in which he seems most comfortably settled and had a few months 
ago the satisfaction of having the title of Father added to that of hus- 
band. Mr. Frere answers for his little son. I hope it will live and be 
very good 

The old master at Caius Coll. Cambridge is lately dead, and Mr. 
Fisher who Mr. Baylor remembers, elected in his room. His name is 
changed to Belnard. I mentioned to you my eldest daughter's* mar- 
riage to Sir John Orde once Governor of Dominica — then capt. in the 


Navy, he has lately been promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral of the 
White. Sir Robert Laurie is now a General & has lately sailed to Ger- 
many to take command there & will I hope return safe with honour as 
he did from a former campaign through a French sabre had nearly pre- 
vented the first by a cut in the temple though regarded not. 

Lady Lauriet lives still at Dover. 

We have news of victory obtained by Admiral Hotham in the 
Mediterranean, but as yet no particulars. We want some counterbal- 
ance to the defeat of the Emigrants at Quiberon Bay. 

Mr. Frere joins me in kind respects to Mr. Baylor yourself and 
Family & Mr. Geo and Daniel Norton with my dear Cousin 

Your very affectionate cousin 
J. Frere. 
Addressed to 

Mrs Baylor. 

*-Died in 1829 leaving issue, the present Baronet being her son 
From Burke's Landed Gentry. 

f-There are at New-Market several letters from Lady Laurie 
who married Sir Robert Laurie of Maxwelton, head of an old and prom- 
inent Scotch family. 

From Charles Frere to A. G. Baylor Esq. of Petersburg Va. 
No. 5 Southwick Place 

Hyde Park (London) 
June 28 1872 

Dear Sir, 

********** One of two photographs enclosed by Mr. Frere 
in his letter E. B. B.) is of my nephew Douglas Frere the only son of my 
eledest brother" Hatley who was a judge in India but died at an early 
age as I must now consider it— that is between 50 & 60 * * * * My 
nephew is on his way to the other side of your continent, he has passed 
his examination for the army and while waiting for his commission is on 
his travels and might possibly be induced to settle in the West. I gavg 
your direction to him in case be should ever find himself near you.* * * * 
The Mrs. Jane Frere whose letter you sent me was my Grand- 
mother. The sixth son whom she mentions as being then a Lieut, in the 
Artillery being my father James Hatley Frere. 

I enclose you a certificate of the marriage of your Grand-father & 
Grand-mother in 1778. 

Gould Square is in the neighborhood of Crutched Friars & close 
to the Tower of London. 

My cousin Sir Bartle-Frere has just edited the works of my eldest 
uncle John Hookham Frere, which was prefaced by a life of Mr. Hookham- 
Frere which, as it mentions many members of the family it may be in- 
teresting to you to read. ***** 


The Susan Frere whose letter from Gibralta you mention was 
his sister who accompanied him to Malta where he retired after his 
diplomatic career was closed chiefly for the benefit of his wife Lady 
Erroll's health ******* 

Beleive me 

Yours faithfully 

Charles Frere 

(I see in the London Almanac for 1872, that Mr. C Frere holds 
two positions one in House of Lords and one in the House of Commons) 
A. G. B. 


Abstract From an Old Manuscript that Records the History of The 

Townes Family of Virginia. In possession of Miss 

Claudia K. Townes of Greenville, South Carolina. 

There were six Townes brothers who were Englishmen. James, 
John, Thomas, Henry, William and Samuel. Of these James, Samuel 
and John came over to Virginia and settled in Henrico Co. 

William, youngest son of James Townes, settled in Amelia Co. on 
the Appomatox River. He died in June 1774, aged 63, in possession of 
21 negroes and a fine tract of land on Roanoak. He had six sons. The 
eldest William, Thomas, Henry, John, Joseph and Halcut. William 
settled in Cumberland Co. and served sometime during the Revolution- 
ary War. He married Obedience, daughter of Samuel Allen. 

Thomas enlisted in the army in his 24th year in 1776, served two 
years regularly and occasionally afterwards amounting in all to five 
years. The first two years under Washington and six months imder 
Gates. Was engaged in the seige of Gwynns Island against Dimmore 
under Lewis. Was at the seige of Norfolk when it was burned, and with 
Wayne at Stony Point. Was then first Lieutenent and wounded in this 
battle, and also a small skirmish at Portsmouth. He was at the seige 
of York and saw Comwallis give up his sword. Returned home and 
settled in Charlotte Co. but moved to South Carolina In 1793. 

John enteres the army at an early age. Went to the North, was 
engaged in several battles. Returned South, was taken prisoner at 
Charlestown exchanged and returned to Philadelphia. Married and be- 
come clerk of the board of war. 

Joseph married in Halifax and died in Mecklinburg. 

Halcut settled first in Halifax, moved to Danville. He married a 
Coleman at the age of 25. Was a lawyer of considerable eminence but 
died at the early age of 35. Was twice married. 

Henry married and reared a large family. He moved to Ken- 
tucky and lived to an advanced age. Henry and Halcut were both at 
the battle of Guilford. 


The four sisters were Molly who married William Pride. Nancy, 
married Charies Jones, Lucretia, married Frank Robinson and Elis- 
abeth who married Blackman Ligon. 

Samuel Allen Townes, son of William, married Rachel Stokes of 
Fredericksbury, in 1799, and moved to Greenville, S. C. 

Some Virginians Educated in Great Britain. 

This list of natives of Virginia who attended schools or colleges in 
England and Scotland prior to 1800 is certainly very incomplete; but 
is as full as the sources accessible in Richmond would allow. Foster's 
Alumni Oxonienses, of course, gives full information for Oxford, but when 
the matriculation lists of the Cambridge Colleges, of the great schools 
like Harrow and Winchester (Mr. Austen-Leigh has given much infor- 
mation in regard to Eton), the London schools, the various grammar- 
schools throughout England, and Scotch schools and universities (other 
than the medical school at Edinburgh), and admissions to the various 
Inns of Court, have been carefully examined by some properly equipped 
person, there is no doubt that this list can be largely increased. In ad- 
dition to these institutions many Virginia boys were certainly sent to 
private schools in England, which were of note at the time, but whose 
records must now be lost. 

The list of names follows. The Virginia residence is given, 
and at least one year, preferably the first year, of the students residence 
in the school or college. 

Ambler, John, Yorktown, Wakefield School, Yorkshire. Trinity 
College, Cambridge, 1753. 

Armistead, Henry, Gloucester Co., at school in England, (place 
unknown) 1702. 

Alexander, Philip, Stafford Co., Inner Temple, 1760. 

Atchison, Walter, Norfolk, Middle Temple, 1771. 

Bland, Theodrick, Jr., Prince George, Wakefield, 1753, Edinburgh, 

Bland, Richard (d. 1776), Prince George, Edinburgh. 

Beverley, Robert, Essex, Wakefield, Trinity, Cambridge, 1757. 

Beverley, William, Essex, Trinity, Cambridge, 1781. 

Beverley, Robert, Essex, Mr. Andrews' School at Highgate, 1784. 

Beverley, John, Middlesex, at school in England, (place unknown), 
about 1694. 

Beverley, Robert, Middlesex, at school in England (place un- 
known), about 1694. 

Beverley, Harry, Middlesex, at school in England (place vinknown) 
about 1694. 

Blair, John, Williamsburg, Middle Temple, 1755. 


Blair, James, Williamsburg, Edinburgh, 1761. 

Baylor, John, (d. 1774), King & Queen, Putney Grammar School, 
and Caius, Cambridge. 

Baylor, John, (Jr.), Caroline, Putney Grammar School and Caius, 

Brooke, Lawrence, Spotsylvania, Edinburgh, 1776. 

Brooke, Robert, Spotsylvania, Edinburgh, 1777. 

Ball, William, Lancaster, Edinburgh, 1773. 

Ball, Joseph, Lancaster, Grays Inn, 1720. 

Ball, Henry Lee, Lancaster, Middle Temple, 1769. 

Boiling, Robert, Chesterfield, Wakefield, 1756. 

Boush, William, Norfolk, Edinburgh, 1778. 

Byrd, William, Charles City, educated in England and Holland, 
1684-1695, Middle Temple, 1690. 

Bnmskill, John, Caroline, Appleby School, Pembroke, Cam- 
bridge, 1752. 

Burwell, James, York Co., Eton, 1760. 

Burwell, Lewis, Gloucester, Eton, 1725, Caius, Cambridge, 1729. 

Burwell, Lewis, Gloucester, Balliol, Oxford, 1765, Inner Temple, 



Carter, George (d. 1742), Lancaster, Middle Temple. 

Carter, John, Lancaster, Mile End School, Trinity, Cambridge, 

Carter, John, "Cleve," King George, at school in England (place 
unknown), 1764. 

Carter, Landon, "Cleve," King George, at school in England 
(place tmknown), 1764. 

Carter, Robert, Lancaster, at school in England (place unknown) 
about 1678. 

Corbin, Francis, King & Queen, Inner Temple, 1777, (stated also 
to have been at Canterbury School and Cambridge.) 

Corbin, Gawin, King & Queen, Middle Temple 1756, Christs, 
Cambridge, 1756. 

Corbin, Richard Henry, King & Queen, St. Johns, Cambridge 1794. 

Cary, Wilson, Elizabeth City, Trinity, Cambridge, 1721. 

Clayton, Thomas, (b. 1701-1739), Gloucester, Pembroke, Cam- 

Campbell, Archibald, Westmoreland, Edinburgh, 1770. 

Downman, Joseph Ball, Lancaster, Middle Temple, 1773. 

Eskridge, Robert, Westmoreland, Wood End Grammar School, 
(Scotland?) 1719. 

Fairfax, William, Fairfax, Wakefield, about 1753. 

Fauntleroy, William, Richmond Co., Middle Temple, 1760. 

Fitzhugh, Henry, Staflford, Christ Church, Oxford, 1722. 

Gilmer, George, Williamsburg, Edinburgh, 1761. 

Grifiin, Corbin, Richmond Co., Edinburgh, 1765. 


Griffin, Cyrus, Richmond Co., Middle Temple, 1771. 

Griffin, John, Augusta (?), Edinburgh, 1774. 

Goodwin, Joseph, Edinburgh, 1769. 

Gait, John M., Williamsburg, Edinburgh, 1770. 

Grymes, Philip Ludwell, Middlesex, Eton, 1760. 

Grymes, Jolin Randolph, Middlesex, Eton,, 1760. 

Jones, Walter, Hanover, Edinburgh, 1769. 

Kenner, Rodham, (b. 1707), Northumberland, St Bees Grammar 

Lee, Arthur, Westmoreland, Eton 1753, Edinburgh, Lincoln's Inn 
1770, Middle Temple. 

Lee, Henry, Middle Temple, 1773. 

Lee, John, Westmoreland, Queens, Oxford, 1658. 

Lee, George Fairfax, Westmoreland, Christs, Cambridge, 1772. 

Lee Richard Henry, Westmoreland, Wakefield. 

Lee, Philip Ludwell, W^estmoreland, Inner Temple. 

Lee, Ludwell, Westmoreland, St. Bees, 1776. 

Lee, Thomas, Westmoreland, at school in England (place unknown) 

Lee, Lancelot, Westmoreland, at school in England (place un- 
known) 1771. 

Lee, William, Westmoreland, at school in England (place unknown) 

Meade, David, Nansemond, private school at Dalston, and Har- 
row 1751. 

Meade, Richard Kidder, Nansemond, private school at Dalston 
(and probably Harrow.) 

Meade, Everard, Nansemond, private school at Dalston (and 
probably Harrow.) 

Mason, Thompson, Fairfax, Temple. 

Munford, Robert, Mecklenburg, Wakefield about 1752. 

McClurg, James, Elizabeth City, Edinburgh 1770. 

Nelson, Thomas Jr., Yorkton, educated in England 1752-59 under 
care of Bishop Porteus. 

Nicolls, Samuel, Edinburgh 1776. 

Parker, George, Northampton, at school in Bristol about 1676-79. 

Power, James, King William, Wakefield, 1757. 

Peyton, Valentine, Stafford, Edinburgh, 1754. 

Page, Mann, Gloucester, Eton 1706, St. Johns, Oxford, 1709. 

Perrott, Henry, Middlesex, Grays Inn, 1674. 

Randolph, Peyton (d. 1776), Williamsburg, Middle Temple. 

Randolph, (Sir) John, Henrico, Grays Inn. 

Randolph, Beverley, Williamsburg, Eton, 1762. 

Randolph, William, Williamsburg, Eton 1762. 

Robinson, Christopher, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1721. 

Robinson, Christopher, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1723. 


Robinson, Peter, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1737. 

Robinson, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1737. 

Robinson, John, Middlesex, educated in England 1713 and under 
care of his uncle Bishop Robinson. 

Ravenscroft, John, Prince George, Edinburgh 1770. 

Skipwith, Gray, Mechlenburg, Eton 1787, Trinity, Cambridge, 

Spotswood, Alexander, Spotsylvania, Eton 1760. 

Spotswood, John, Spotsylvania, Eton, 1760. 

Scott, Gustavus, Prince Wm., Kings College, Aberdeen 1765, 
Middle Temple 1767. 

Scott, John, Prince Wm., King's College, Aberdeen, 1768. 

Smith, Thomas, King & Queen, Trinity, Cambridge, 1759. 

Steptoe, George, Westmoreland. Edinburgh, 1767. 

Shore, John, Prince George, Edinburgh, 1777. 

Stith, William, Charles City, Queens, Oxford, 1724. 

Skinker, John, King George, Appleby 1753. 

Span, John, Northumberland, Queens, Oxford, 1705. 

Tayloe, John, Richmond Co., Eton 1788, St. Johns, Cambridge 



Thacker, Chichley, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1724. 

Tucker, St. George, Yorktown (bom in Bermuda) Inner Temple 

Turberville, George Lee, Westmoreland, Winchester 1771. 

Tapscott, James, Edinburgh, 1765. 

Turpin, Philip, Chesterfield, Edinburgh, 1774. 

Taylor, Daniel, New Kent, Trinity, Cambridge, 1724. 

Washington, Augustine Sr., Westmoreland, Appleby. 

Washington, Augustine Jr., Westmoreland, Appleby. 

Washington, Lawrence, Westmoreland, Appleby, 1722. 

Wormeley, Ralph, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford 1665. 

Wormeley, Ralph, Middlesex, Eton 1757, Trinity, Cambridge. 

Wormeley, Ralph, Middlesex, at school in England (place un- 
known) 1702. 

Wormeley, John, Middlesex, at school in England (place unknown) 

Warner, Augustine, Gloucester, Merchant Taylors, Londen, 1658. 

White, Alexander, Frederick, Inner Temple, 1762. 

Yates, Bartholomew, Middlesex, Brasenose, Oxford, 1695. 

Yates, Bartholomew, Middlesex, Oriel, Oxford, 1732. 

Yates, Robert, Middlesex, Oriel. Oxford, 1733. 

A number of the persons included in this list also studied at Wm. 
and Mary. The counties most numerously represented were Westmore- 
land, 19, and Middlesex, 17. 


Sir John Zouch 

In Volume XII, pages 87 and 88, July, 1904, you gave an abstract 
of the Will, dated 30 August, 1636, and proved 4 December, 1639, of Sir 
John Zouch, and in a note you made him to be the same Sir John who was 
knighted at Belvoir Castle 23 April, 1603, and who in 1605 made the 
agreement with Captain George Weymouth for the settlement of Virginia, 
a project which was disconcerted by the grant of the Virginia Company's 
Charter; and also the same (and so he was), who came to Virginia in 1634 
and made a futile attempt to plant iron works at Falling Creek, below 
Richmond, and was mixed up in the dissension between Governor Harvey 
and his opponents in the Council. And in the same Volume, page 429, 
you published a commtmication from me, in which with other matter, I 
expressed a belief that the Sir John who visited Virginia in 1634 and 
made the Will of 1636-9 was not the same, but the son of the Sir John 
Zouch who came near, perhaps, to being the foimder of Virginia in 1605. 

I have since found a confirmation of my belief in "The Berkeley 
Manuscripts — Lives of the Berkeleys," by John Smyth, Steward of 
Berkeley Hundred, England. Smyth, who was himself an arms bearing 
gentleman, wrote his manuscript history, which is of the highest au- 
thority, in and before 1624, although it was not published tmtil 1883, and 
he was well acquainted with the persons and events of the period in which 
he was writing. In Volume II, page 402, he gives an account of the mar- 
riage of Mary, eldest daughter of his patron, Henry, Lord Berkeley, by 
his 1st wife, Lady Katherine Howard (3rd daughter of the poet, Henry 
Howard, Earl of Surrey,) on 14 February, 1584, to John Zouch, Esquire, 
"after knight," son and heir apparent of Sir John Zouch of Codnor Castle, 
Derbyshire, which Sir John — the father — "dyed shortly thereafter," 
and he states that this second Sir John Zouch, who married Lady Mary 
Berkeley, died in the 8th year of King James the First (1611), leaving 
a son John, "now knight, of Codnor Castle, "who married Isabel Lowe, 
of Denby, Derbyshire, "by whom hee hath issue John, Katharine, Isable 
and Elizabeth, anno 1624." He gives further details, but the above is 

There were three successive Sir John Zouches of Codnor,, the first 
of whom married Elizabeth, or Eleanor, Whalley — of the family to which 
the regicide afterwards belonged — and who died in 1586 (Will) ; the second 
married Lady Mary Berkeley, was knighted at Belvoir Castle in 1603, 
was the projector of the Virginia colony in 1605, and died in 1611; and the 
third marfied Isabel Lowe in 1607, was a member of the Virginia Com- 
pany as "Mr. John Zouch" and "John Zouch, Esquire," in 1621-1623, and, 
being knighted thereafter, visited Virginia in 1634 as Sir John Zouch, 
attempted to plant iron works and was otherwise concerned with the 
Colony's affairs, and died in 1639, leaving the Will which was abstracted 
for the Magazine. 


Everything relating to the settlement of Virginia has an interest, 
and it is interesting to note that the first Sir John Zouch was a com- 
panion in arms of Sir Walter Raleigh in Ireland in 1581-2 (Lives of Sir 
Walter Raleigh, Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters, .where the name 
appears as "Siuitsi", &c.). and that Raleigh was a prisoner in the Tower 
in 1605, but receiving visitors and with his mind constantly turned to the 
American Continent; and so it may well be that the settlement project 
of Sir John Zouch, the son of his old companion, was suggested by this 
ardent colonizer, or had his counsel. 

Codnor Castle is now a ruin, and a much pillaged one for stone, 
but what is left of it is still shown to visitors, as it was to another Amer- 
ican descendent of the Sir John Zouches a few years ago. 

McHenry Howard, 

901 St. Paul St., Baltimore, 
9 January, 1913. 

Militia Officers, Prince Edward County, 1777-1781. 

From an examination of the Order Books of Prince Edward County 
Court, it appears that the officers listed below were appointed and com- 
missioned, from May 1777 through December 1781. Several items 
throw light on the status before 1777: 
May, June, and July 1777 — 

Josiah Chambers, John Bibb, David Walker, Captains; Charles 
Allen, Jacob Woodson, John Dabney, Lieutenants; Benjamin Allen, 
James Carter, Richard Holland, Engsins [p. 512] Robert Goode, William 
Wooton, 2nd Lieutenants; William Rice, Ensign; Henry Young, gent; 
2nd Lieutenant, Captain Chambers' Company [p. 515] Andrew Baker, 
Captain; Sharpe Spencer, 1st Lieutenant [p. 516] 

July 1777 "Jacob Woodson, John Watson, John Clarke, Robert 

Goode, Thomas Floumoy, William Bibb, Philemon Holcombe, and 
William Booker, gentlemen, are appointed to make a tour of this County 
to administer the oaths of allegiance as directed by Act of Assembly. 
Robert Goode and John Clarke to take the bounds of Captain Clarke's 
Company of militia for their district, as also Captain Owen's and Captain 
Ligon's Company. — Thomas Floumoy and William Booker to take the 
boimds of Captain Biggar's and Said Floumoy's Company for their 

district Philemon Holcombe to take Captain Chamber's Company for 

his bounds — William Bibb his own company and the Academy [Hampden 

Sidney College] John Watson and Jacob Woodson the three upper 

companies of militia for their bounds — each paying proper aetention to 
such as are not in the muster rolls", [p. 515] 

July 1778 John Bibb, Captain; James Bibb, 1st Lieutenant; 

John Dupuy, 2nd Lieutenant; Biggars, Jr., Ensign; Yancey Bailey, 

Ensign. [P. 1] Thomas Lorton, 2nd Lieutenant, Chambers' Company, 
[P. 21 


September, 1778 'George Carrington, gent., Captain of the- 

militia in this County.' [P. 4] 

March, 1779 'Richard Holland recommended as Lieutenant 

of militia in the room of George Booker.' [P. 20] 

May, 1779 Williamson Bird, Captain of militia in the room of 

Charles Venable, resigned. 

Nicholas Davis, 1st Lieutenant; Robert Venable, 2nd Lieutenant; 
Sharpe Spencer, Captain; George Booker, 1st Lieutenant; John Clarke, 
Jr., Ensign; James Parks, 2nd Lieutenant; Jesse Watson, 2nd Lieutenant; 
Drury Watson, Ensign — Thomas Haskins recommended to the gover- 
nor for Colonel of Militia, George Walker, Esq. [King's Attorney before 
1776, and attorney for the Commonwealth], Lieutenant Colonel, Thomas 
Flournoy, Major. [P. 38]. Thomas Moore, Captain; William McGehee, 
1st Lieutenant; Ambrose Nelson, 2nd Lieutenant; Samuel Venable, 
Captain; John Langhorn, 2nd Lieutenant; Thomas Watkins, Ensign, 
Captain Samuel Venable's Company [P. 39]. 

July, 1779 Richard Holland appointed Captain of Company 

late Henry Walker's; Jacob Woodson appointed Captain of Company 
late David Walker's [P. 47] 

June, 1780 Thomas Lorton, Captain; Jesse Watson, 1st Lieu- 
tenant; Drury Watson, 2nd Lieutenant; Dick Holland, Captain; Jacob 
Woodson, Captain; William Price, Jr., 1st Lieutenant; Stephen Pettus, 
Ensign; Joseph Parks, 1st Lieutenant; James Clarke, 2nd Lieutenant; 
John Bell, Ensign [P. 79] 

September 1780 William Booker, Ensign; James Wright, 1st 

Lieutenant [P. 89.] 

March 1781 'John Nash, gentleman recommended to his Ex- 
cellency the governor to be County Lieutenant of this County, George 
Walker, Esqr, Colonel, Thomas Flournoy, Esqr., Lieutenant Col°, and 
John Clarke, Esqr, Major. [P. 96] 

September 1781 Philip Matthews, Ensign; Nathaniel Allen, 

2nd Lieutenant; Robert Walton, Ensign; John Richards, 1st Lieutenant; 
George Pulliam, 2nd Lieutenant; George Foster, 2nd Lieutenant; Peyton 
Glenn, Ensign; Stephen Neal, Captain; William Wooton, 1st Lieutenant; 
John Clarke, Jr., 2nd Lieutenant; James Clarke, Captain; James Parks, 
1st Lieutenant; John Bell, 2nd Lieutenant; William Galispie, Ensign, 
'all officers of the militia sworn'. [P. 99] 

December 1781 Ambrose Nelson appointed Captain in the 

room of John Bibb. [P. 102]. 

General Robert Lawson, of Prince Edward County, 

doubtless took many Prince Edward soldiers with him to Guilford Court 

Alfred J. Morrison, 

Hampden Sidney, Va. 


Family of Isaac Coles and Eliza Lightfoot. 

Isaac Coles, son of John Coles and Mary Winston, his wife, was 
bom in Richmond, Virginia Feb. 25, 1747, — married Eliza Lightfoot 

April 1, 1771 and Catharine Thompson, his 2nd wife, Jan. 2, 1790 

was Colonel of his County, — a member of the First Congress of the U. S., 
— lived as an agriculturalist, first in Halifax and then in Pittsylvania, in 
which County he died June 2, 1813. 

Eliza Lightfoot, daughter of William Lightfoot of Sandy Point 
and Mildred Howell, his wife, — married Isaac Coles April 1, 1771, — and 
died July 27, 1781. 

John Coles, their 1st son, was bom Oct. 20, 1772 and died May 17, 

Isaac Coles, their 2nd. son, was bom Dec. 16, 1777, married 
Lightfoot Carrington Feb. 7, 1811 and died Sept, 28, 1820. ( ) 

Lightfoot Coles, their daughter, was born June 12, 1780 and died 
Dec. 4, 1781. 

Family of Isaac Coles and Catharine Thompson, his 
Second Wife. 

Catharine Thompson, daughter of James Thompson, a native of 
Ireland and resident of the city of New York, and Catharine Walton, of 
of the same city, his wife, was born April 16, 1769, — married Isaac Coles 
then a member of Congress, Jan. 2, 1790,— died July 18, 1848. 

Walter Coles, their 1st. son, was bom Dec. 8, 1790, — married 
Lettice Priscilla Carrington April 5, 1821. ( ) 

Catharine Coles, their 1st. daughter, was bom Oct. 24, 1792 and 
died Feb. 25, 1794. 

Catharine Thompson Coles, their 2nd. daughter, was bom Feb. 10, 
1795,— married Baldwin M. Payne Sept. 6, 1827. ( ) died 

July 1. 1850. 

James Thompson Coles, their 2nd, son, was bom Jan. 9, 1797, — 
died May 28, 1838. 

John Coles, their 3rd. son, was bom April 26, 1799, — married 
Louisa Woodson Payne Nov. 24, 1825 ( ) died August 28, 


Robert Thompson Coles, their 4th son, was born March 15, 1801, — 
married Eliza Feam Patton Nov. 28, 1827 ( ) died Jan. 2, 1850. 

Jacob Thompson Coles, their 5th. son, was born Aug. 1, 1803, and 
died August 18, 1807. 

Mary Coles, their 2nd. daughter, was bom Oct. 18, 1805, — mar- 
ried James M. Whittle May 29, 1834 ( ) died Sept, 5, 1835, 
leaving a daughter ( ) 

Jacob Thompson Coles, their 6th. son, was born Jan. 23, 1808, — 
married Ann Catharine Patton Oct. 28, 1830 ( ) 

[We are indebted to Rev Roberts Coles, Hamilton, Va, for furnishing, 
in responce to a request, the account given above.] 


Brooke, Corrections (XX, 435, 436.) 

222 Annie instead of Anne; 225 Prouse instead of Prosise; 191 Nails 
instead of Nalle; 223 Alvilda, instead of Alivilda. 

The Thornton Bible at Ormsby, Caroline County, near Guinea 
Station, is dated 1769, and has these entries. 

Henry Fitzhugh Thornton, son of Anthony and Susannah Thornton, 
bom July 14, 1765, married Ann R. Fitzhugh, Sept. 22, 1785. 

Wm. Thornton, bom Sept. 20th, 1767, died Oct. 14, 1783. 

John Thornton, born March 4, 1771, married Sarah Fitzhugh, 
Sept. 17, 1795, she bom July 22, 1779, died Feb. 25, 1810. 

John Thornton married "[2nd]" Jane Laughlin, Oct. 22, 1812, died 
Dec. 22, 1821 ["3rd wife Miss Dade — First wife only one who had chil- 

Thomas Griflfin Thornton, bom June 11, 1775, married Ann H[arri- 
son] Fitzhugh, Oct. 29th, 1795, 

Anthony Thornton son of Henry and Ann Thornton, bom 29th 
July 1786, baptised by Rev. Robert Buchan, had for sureties Mr. John 
Henry, George and Daniel Fitzhugh, Mrs. Susannah Thornton, Mrs. 
Alice Fitzhugh, Miss Fanny Richards. Mrs. George Fitzhugh. 

Susannah Fitzhugh Thornton, daughter of John and Sarah Thorn- 
ton, bom Oct. 13th 1797, baptised by Rev. Tredale, had as sureties 
Mr. William, George, Thomas and Henry Fitzhugh, Mrs. Mary, Miss 
Ann D. and Elizabeth C. Fitzhugh. 

George Fitzhugh Thomton, bom May 22nd 1799, baptised by 
Rev. John Wiley, Sureties Mr. Griffin Thomton, Mr. John Baylor, Mr. 
George Fitzhugh, Jr., Mrs. Lucy Burrell, Mrs. Ann H. Thomton, Mrs. 
Ann D. Baylor, Miss Mary Fitzhugh. 

John Griffin Thomton, bom Nov. 13, 1800, baptised by Rev. 
Thompson. Sureties — Mr. George Fitzhugh, Edward Diggs, Thomas 
Knox, Mordica, Edward and Henry Fitzhugh, Mrs. Elizabeth Powell, 
Mrs. Sarah Fitzhugh, Mrs. Elizabeth Diggs, Miss Sarah Fitzhugh, 
MissPorcia Diggs. 

Mrs. Tompkins the present mistress of Crmsly added the com- 
ments in quotation marks. 

Members of Corbin Family Educated in England. 

Francis Corbin fifth son of the Hon. Richard Corbin of Virginia, 
America, esq. admitted to the Inner Temple 23 January 1777. 

[Francis Corbin, 1760-1820, of "Buckingham House" Middlesex 


Gawin Corbin eldest son of Richard Corbin of King and Queen 
Cotmty, Virginia, America, esq admitted to the Middle Temple 11 
February 1756; called to the Bar 23 January 1761. 
(Gawin Corbin, 1738-1779, member of the Council] 

Henry Corbin, son and heir of George Corbin of Hall End co War- 
wick esq admitted to Gray's Inn 3 May 1611 
[Uncle of Henry Corbin, the emigrant) 

Thomas Corbin of Westminster esq admitted to Gray's Inn 8 
March 161 4-5. 

Thomas Corbin second son of George Corbin of Hall End co War- 
wick esq admitted to Gray's Inn 4 March 161 7-8. 
[Uncle of Henry Corbin, the emigrant] 

Gawin Corbin matriculated as a Pensioner in the University of 
Cambridge, from Christ's College, 10 April 1756. 
[The member of Coimcil, above I 

Richard Henry Corbin, pensioner St Johns College, Cambridge, 
admitted Oct 9, 1794 

rR H Corbin, 1775-1779, son of Gawin Corbin of Va (above) died un- 

Henry Corbin, of Co. Warwick, arm. Queens College, Oxford, 
Matric. Nov. 3, 1609, aged 16; bar.-at-law. Grays Inn 1617 as son & heir 
of George of Hallend, Co. Warwick, esq. 
Same as Henry, of Grays Inn, above- 

Lafayette Letter. 

Translation of a letter from Lafayette to Washington, foimd among 
the papers of Major (Lieut. Col.) Richard C. Anderson, aide to Lafayette. 

"Richmond 2 May 


Had the Pennsylvanians arrived before Lord Comwallis, I had 
determined to attack the enemy, and I do not doubt that we would have 
been conquerors — their inexplicable delay cannot be too much deplored 
and will exercise a great influence over the fate of the campaign. If 
they had arrived in time to ^id me in supporting the first onset of Com- 
wallis I would have been satisfied; but from a reply of General Wayne, 
dated the 17, th and received to day, I fear that at this moment they 
have hardly left York town." 

(Contributed by Edw L. Anderson, Cincinnati.) 


Are there any descendants who can tell me the parents of William 
Whitehead widower of Southampton Co,, Va, who first married Patience 
Boykin, dau' of William Boykin (d. 1789) Isle of Wight Co Va.— and 
secondly married in 1790 Mrs Richard Lamb, widow of Richard Lamb, 
Quartermaster in Revolution — nee Clarissa Boswell, the daughter of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Elliott) Boswell of Gloucester Va. Mr Hugh 
Blair Grigsby, Chancellor of William and Mary College said the ancestor 
of this William Whitehead, came to this country at the time of Lieut; 
Governor Spottswood. The family of Dr. Richard Whitehead, came to 
to this cotmtry I am told at the time of Wesley- 

Crozier — Mr. William A. Crozier the well-known genealogist died re- 
cently at his residence, Hasbrouck Heights, N. J. His valuable publica- 
tions, especially those relating to Virginia records, are familiar to all 
investigators in this field. He had in the press at the time of his death 
a volume containing abstracts of the wills of Westmoreland County from 
the beginning to 1800. This work, (which was ready with the exception 
of part of the index) will be completed by his widow, who resides at Has- 
brouck Heights, N. J. 

Dickinsons of Virginia. 

The reunion of the Dickinson Family at Amherst, Mass., in 1883, re- 
sulted in the publication of a book on the history of the family. This 
book states that three sons of Charles Dickinson of London, Walter, 
Henry and John, came to Virginia in 1654. It traces Walter into Mary- 
land and names him as the founder of the Talbot Dickinsons, who gained 
distinction in political, military and literary persuits. It states that 
John moved into Pennsylvania, and became the progenitor of a line in 
that state. And it disposes of Henry by stating that he married a Miss 
Jennings, settled in Virginia, and became the patriarch of the Dickinsons 
of the Old Dominion and the South. 

I can find no foundation for this last statement, although I have been 
informed of several pedigrees prepared by a genealogist of great reputa- 
tion, which traces a complete lineage from this Henry Dickinson. 

I am working on the genealogy of the Dickinsons of Virginia with an 
idea of publishing the results of my investigation. If any one can give 
me authentic information on this subject, showing the lineage of said 
Henry, I shall certainly be glad to receive it. In fact, I should be glad to 
have all descendants of Virginia Dickinsons send me as much data as 
they possess regarding their ancestry, in order that I may compile as full 
account of the family as possible. 

Wm. Elmore Dickinson, 

Professor of Electrical Engineering, 
West Virginia University, 
Morgantown, W. Va. 


The International Congress of Historical Studies will be held 
in London April 3-9, 1913. 


"Will desired of John Utley of Goochland County, who was granted 
land in Henrico — Goochland of 900 acres in 1725 called Tuckahoe, and 
sold the same in 1731 to Anthony Hoggatt. Witnesses Son John Utley, 
Thomas Cook son. What connection was he to John Utlye, John Utie 
the counciller of Hogg Island, York Co., 1620, and Ensign Joseph Utie 
of James Island 1625. ' ' 

Mrs. Lipscomb Nowell, 
1628 Franklin Street, 

Beaumont, Texas. 

(To be Continued.) 

Some Notes from County Records. 

Will of Nathaniel Knight, Chirurgeon, dated Feb. 18, 1677-8, 
proved March 5, 1677-8, no children, legacy to father Samuel Knight 
living at Stroodswater, Gloucestershire (Eng.) — Surry Records. 

Deposition of Thomas Portman, March 1677, about matters oc- 
curring twenty-eight years before — refers to "Captain Barrett father of 
Mr. James Barrett now living in Virginia" — Surry Records. 

Deed Jan. 28, 1679, from Col. John Dodman of Mulberry Island 
stating that some years past he gave his daughter Susanna in marriage 
to Robert Marcey of Potomac, and gave them a tract of land on Potomac, 
and they died without issue, and he now gives the land to his daughter 
Margaret in marriage with William Appleyard, of Mulberry Island — 
Isle of Wight Records. 

Will of George Hardy, dated March 16, 1654. "I give one thou- 
sand pounds of Tobo. towards the building of the Church in this parish 
in case it be built with brick." — Isle of Wight Records. [What Isle of 
Wight Church was this?] 

Edward Yalden of Isle of Wight mentioned in 1669 or 1670 as Son 
of Anthony Yalden, of Winchester, England. — Isle of Wight Records. 






[Since this account was prepared the compiler has been informed that 
Mr. Wilson Miles Cary of Baltimore, the distinguished genealogist, 
who spent sone time in England, thinks that he has discovered that 
John Rolfe, of Virginia, was not a son of John and Dorothea Rolfe, but 
belonged to another branch of the same family. The proof is not yet 
positive, but Mr. Cary is still having the matter investigated and has 
promised to give this Magazine the result of his researches] 

John Rolfe. 

John Rolfe the son of John and Dorothea Rolfe married in Eng- 
land and sailed for Virginia in May 1609. The ship in which he came 
was wrecked on the Bermudas and here a daughter was bom, who was 
named Bermuda and christened Feb .11, 1609-10. They reached Virginia 
in May 1610 and Rolfe's wife and child had either died at the Bermudas 
or only lived a short time after reaching Virginia. 

He became a prominent member of the Colony and is said to have 
been the first person to suggest the cultivation of tobacco. Early in 
ApHl 1614 his celebrated marriage with Pocahontas took place. Though 
evidently greatly attached to her, he had wrestling in spirit (he had 
much of the Pi^ritanism so prevalent in the eastern counties of England) 
before he could make up his mind to marry one of heathen birth. 

He wrote to Governor Dale: "Nor am I out of hope but one day 
to see my cotmtrie, nor so void of friends, nor mean of birth, but there 
to obtain a match to my great content"; but love was stronger than his 
fears. The curious and interesting letter referred to is most accessible 
in Meade's "Old Churches & Families of Virginia", I. 126-129. 

In 1616 Rolfe and Pocahontas went to England and her reception 
there and the interest she excited are well known. 

They were about to set sail for Virginia, on their return, when 
Pocahontas died at Gravesend and was buried in the Church there 
March 21, 1616-17. Some confusion has been caused by John Rolfe's 

From a photograph of the original portrait 

Negative, property of 

Cook, Fhotographer, Richmond 


name appearing on the register as "Thomas Wrolfe;" but this is no 
doubt to be accounted for by the fact that he was a stranger only at 
Gravesend to embark, and that the clerk or rector made a mistake in 
the name. The Virginia Society of Colonial Dames will at an early date 
erect a memorial to Pocahontas in Gravesend Church. 

He tried to bring his infant son Thomas with him to Virginia; 
but when the ship touched at Plymouth it was obvious that the child 
could not stand the voyage, and he was left there with Sir Lewis Stukeley, 
until he could be transferred to the care of his uncle Henry Rolfe of Lon- 

On his return to Virginia Rolfe wrote a letter to Sir Edwin Sandys 
dated Jamestown, June 8, 1617 in which he speaks of his grief at the 
death of Pocahontas and explains why he had to leave his son. This 
letter was printed in this Magazine X 134-1 ?S. 

In the year 1617 Rolfe was appointed Recorder and Secretary 
General of the Colony, and in 1619 was a member of the Council. As a 
member of this body he sat in the first American legislature, the Virginia 
Assembly of 1619, and is the only member of that Assembly who is known 
to have descendants living at the present day. He married in or before 
1620 Jane, daughter of Captain William Pierce (also of the Virginia Coun- 
cil) and had a daughter Elizabeth bom 1620. John Rolfe died in 1622 
and it is probable that he was killed in the great Indian Massacre of that 
year. In addition to the letters referred to Rolfe was the author of a 
"relation" of events in Virginia. Smith, Hamor and all of the early 
writers speak of him as an honest and worthy gentleman. 

His will has been published (in abstract) in Waters' "Gleanings" 
and is as follows: 

John Rolfe, of James City in Virginia, Esq., dated 10 March 1621, 
proved May 21, 1630 [in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury] by William 
Pyers [Pierce], Father-in-law William Pyers, gentleman, to have charge 
of the two small children of very tender age. A parcel of land in the 
Country of Tappahannah between two creeks over against James City 
in the Country or Continent of Virginia, to son Thomas Rolfe and his 
heirs, failing his issue to my daughter Elizabeth; [The land here be- 
queathed was no doubt the "Smiths Fort" tract], next to my right heirs. 
Land on Mulberry Island Virginia, to my wife Jane, during her natural 
life then to daughter Elizabeth. To my servant Robert Davies twent_ 
pounds. Witnesses: Temperance Yeardley, Richard Buck, John Cart- 
wright, Robert Davys and John Milwarde. 

Thomas Rolfe. 

Thomas Rolfe, the son of John Rolfe and Pocahontas was bom in 
Virginia in 1615 and was taken to England by his parents. When his 
mother died and his father returned to Virginia, im March 1616-17 he 
was left at Plymouth under the care of Sir Lewis Stukeley, who became 


SO notorious and generally detested for his treachery to Sir Walter 
Raleigh. Thomas Rolfe was afterwards removed to the care of his 
uncle Henry Rolfe, of London, who was a member of the Virginia Com- 
pany. The boy remained with him for a number of years. On August 
23rd 1618 the Virginia Company wrote to Governor Argall in Virginia. 
"We cannot imagine why you should give us warning that Opechankano 
and the natives have given the country to Mr. Rolfe's child and that 
they reseve it from all others tmtil he comes of years." It would ap- 
pear from this that the Indians were supposed to have intended that 
Thomas Rolfe should succeed to the chieftanship of the Powhatans. 

In October 1622 Mr. Henry Rolfe petitioned the Virginia Com- 
pany requesting that he be paid out of the estate of his brother John 
Rolfe for having brought up the son of his brother and Pocahontas. In a 
grant of land in 1635 to Captain William Pierce the name of Thomas 
Rolfe appears among the head rights. This probably indicates the time 
that he came to Virginia. He was then about twenty years old. 

"He afterwards," says Stith, "became a person of fortune and 
distinction in the Colony." In 1641 he petitioned the Governor for per- 
mission to visit his aunt "Cleopatre and his Kinsman Opecancanough." 
In 1646 as "Lieutenant Thomas Rolfe" he was granted Fort Chicka- 
hominy and 600 acres adjoining on condition of keeping a guard there. 
Between that date and 1663 he patented a number of other tracts of land. 
There is recorded in Surry County, in 1673, a deed dated Jime 20, 1654, 
from Thomas Rolfe to William Corker, conveying 120 acres in Surry, 
lying between "Smiths fort old field" and "the Devils' Woodyard," 
which was the property of Thomas Rolfe "by gift from the Indian King." 
It also appears from various depositions recorded in Surry that he at one 
time owned the plantation called "Smiths Fort," 1200 acres, at the 
mouth of Gray's Creek which he sold to Thomas Warren. One of the 
deponents states- that he was present in 1654 with Mr. Thomas Rolfe in 
Mr. Warren's "fifty foot brick house" on "Smiths Fort" plantation soon 
after it was completed. 

Warren's "Fifty foot brick house" is still standing, the oldest 
brick dwelling in Virginia to which a date can be assigned. The farm 
still called "Smiths Fort" now belongs to a prosperous negro farmer. In 
addition to the old house there is much of interest in the neighborhood. 
On John Smith's map of Virginia may be seen at the mouth of Gray's 
Creek opposite Jamestown, the inscription "The New Fort". Smith 
states that on 1608 or 1609 he built a fort as a place of refuge in case of 
being compelled to retreat from Jamestown "on a convenient river upon 
a high commanding eminence." It has been suggested foolishly, that 
this fort was the "Old Stone House" on Ware Creek in the upper part of 
James City County; but any retreat to this place would have been through 
dense forests which afforded ample cover for the Indians. It seems 
there can be no doubt that the fort Smith refers to was the "New Fort" 
on Gray's Creek, and that this was on the "Smith's Fort" tract. About 




a half mile from the brick house referred to is a high bluff, about the 
middle of a long bend in Gray's Creek. On the opposite side are wide 
marshes, and ravines at the sides of the bluff make it something of a 
promontory. Across the rear of the bluff traces of trenches can be dis- 
tinctly seen, though the covering of leaves makes them, in the photo- 
graph, less distinct than they really are. There can be little doubt that 
we have here the remains of Smiths "New Fort." 

Thomas Rolfe's wife is said (though there is no proof of the correct- 
ness of the statement) to have been a Miss Poythress, and he had an only 
child, Jane, who married in 1675 Col. Robert Boiling and died in 1676. 
Among the James City records (now destroyed) was the following deed, 
communicated to the "Southern Literary Messenger" by the once well- 
known Virginia antiquary, Richard Randolph: "This Indenture made 
1st October 1698 between John Boiling of the County of Henrico and 
parish of Varina, Gent, son and heir of Jane late wife of Robert Boiling, 
of Charles City County, Gent, which Jane was the only child of Thomas 
Rolfe, dec'd, conveying to William Brown, of the parish of Wilmington, 
in the County of James City, one thousand acres of land commonly called 
the Fort on Chickahonimy River, as per patent granted to Thomas 
Rolfe (this was Fort Chickahominy granted him in 1646). 

Thomas Rolfe probably died in James City County, so the records 
in regard to his will death &c. have been destroyed along with all the 
records of that County. 



7. Henry Smith '•Turner (Thomas^), bom 1770, died July 18, 
1834, was first of Westmoreland County and afterwards of "Wheatland", 
Jefferson Coimty; was a Justice of Westmoreland 1795, and member of the 
House of Delegates for that Coimty in 1799 and 1800. He married 
first Lucy Hopkins (who had no issue) and, secondly, in 1796, Catherine, 
daughter of Col. Thomas Blackburn, of "Ripon Lodge" Prince William 

Issue: 11. Thomas B^. (of whom later); 12. BushrodW^:, appointed 
midshipman U. S. N. 1824, and was lost at sea Sept. 30, 1828; 13. Col. 
George W^., born 1810, graduated at West Point, served as Second lieu- 
tenant U. S. A., was in the Florida War and afterwards resigned. He 
was was murdered by John Brown's party at Harper's Ferry, October 17, 
1859. Never married; 14. William Fauntleroy^ (of whom later); 15. 
Mary, married — AUibone, of Philadelphia; 16. Jane, married Dr. Byrd; 
17. Christine married Dr. Cordell; 18. Catherine, married Dr. Wright 
of Chicago. 


8. Thomas* Turner, of "Kinloch", Fauquier Co., bom April 
3rd 1772, died Jan. 30, 1839, Justice of King George Co. 1798 and mem- 
ber of the House of Delegates from that County 1798 and 1799, removed 
to Fauquier; married at "Shiriey", October 2nd 1798, Elizabeth Carter, 
daughter of Col. Robert Randolph of "Eastern View" Fauquier County. 
(She was bom Oct. 2nd 1782, and died May 1866.) 

Issue: 19. Susan Baynton, bom at "Eastem View," Nov. 24, 1799, 
married John Hill Carter, of "Falkland", (and had a daughter Jane who 
married Robert Beverley); 20. Henry Smith, bom Nov. 6. 1800, died 
in jnfancy; 21. Elizabeth Anne, bom Nov. 27. 1801, died in infancy; 22. 
Charles Cocke^, bom at "Oakenbrow," April 11. 1803, appointed mid- 
shipman U. S. N. 1820, Lieutenant Commander 1851; married Margaret 
Patterson, of Baltimore; died March 4, 1861; 23. Dr. Robert Randolph^, 
bom at "Oakenbrow," Nov. 26. 1804, married, 1841, Eleanour, daughter 
of William Taylor, of King William Co. (and had Eliza*, who married 
R. B. Puller, and Mary Carter*) ; 24. Shirley Carter^, (of whom later) 25. 
Thomas^ (of whom later); 26. William Fitzhugh (of whom later); 27. 
Henry Smith (of whom later) ; 28. Martha (or Marietta) Favmtleroy, bom 
at "Cloverland", Nov. 4, 1812, married George Cuthbert Powell, of 
Middleburg (and had issue: Randolph married Anna Hunt; Ida, mar- 
ried Henry Dulaney; Kate married George Carter of "Oatlands," and 
Virginia married Charles Minnegerode, Jr., of Alexandria, Va.) 29. La 
vinia Beverley bom at "Cloverlands," March 5, 1814; married Dr. John 
Fauntleroy; 30. Edward Carter** (of whom later); 31. Caroline Virginia, 
bora at "Kinloch", March 22. 1818, died unmarried; 32. Elizabeth Ran- 
dolph, bom at "Kinloch," May 19, 1819, married Nathaniel Lough- 

(To BE Continued.) 


(See XX, 437) 

32. William" Beverley (Robert*) entered Trinity College, Cam- 
bYidge University, April 4, 1781, at the age of 18. He did not return to 
Virginia; but made his home at Beverley, in Yorkshire. He served for 
thirty years as a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the East Riding 
of Yorkshire and in 1832 was appointed vice-lieutenant. 

He married Mary, daughter and co-heiress (with her sister Anna 
Margaretta, wife of Lord Grantley) of Jonathan Midgeley, of Beverley, 
and with her acquired a large fortime. Issue: 46. Robert McKenzie, 
a magistrate and deputy lieutenant for the East Riding died in 1868 


without issue; 47. Maria (great niece and sole heir of Anne, Dowager 
Lady Denison widow of Sir Thomas Denison, judge of the King's Bench) 
married in 1814, Edmimd Beckett, M. P., son of Sir John Beckett, Bart, 
48. Anna Margaretta. 

The papers printed below were sent to the Historical Society by 
Mr. Fowler with the letters published in the last number. 

Extract from a fragment of Mr. R. M. Beverley's diary dated June 1837. 

Amongst the papers which have passed through my hands this 
day I find many relating to the will of my paternal grandfather which 
seems to have been the cause of much litigation & strife amongst his 
numerous sons & daughters — he died where he had lived at his vast es- 
tate of Blandfield in the county of Essex in the state of Virginia, North 
America; & it is painful to see how much of his property was in slaves 
[Quotes a clause in Robt Beverley's will, already printed] 

Many other parts of his will mention his slaves, he says he has al- 
ready given his son Robert Beverley (his 2nd son) sixty negroes — he 
gives 28 negroes to each of his daughters — 

In codicils he says he has given 36 slaves to his son Carter, & 36 
to his son Byrd — In many passages he mentions his slaves — sometime 

thus 'my slaves & stock mules' His second son Robert 

succeeded in supplanting his elder brother my father in the inheritance — 

My grandfather left my father £6000 & nothing more, though to 
raise this sum slaves were to be sold together with an estate — His second 
son probably inherited estates of a value not less than £lOO,000: he still 
lives at the family mansion at Blandfield — he has one son — My grand- 
father was bom at Blandfield, but was sent to be educated at Beverley 
Grammar School & Cambridge — 

My great-grandfather was much in England, & was educated at 
Beverley, but I think bom in Virginia, but of this I am not certain [He 
was bom in Va] 

My great great grandfather Robert Beverley sold his Yorkshire 
estates & was the first of the family to go to Virginia [Incorrect he was 
the 2nd generation]. He is the author of that 'History of Virginia' that 
de Tocqueville quotes — 

My grandfather died in 1800— Washington was a cousin of my 
grandfather — The Washingtons came from South Cave in Yorkshire — 

In pursuance of the directions of my grandfather's will I find the 
following copy of an advertisement inserted in the provincial news- 
papers — 

'Pursuant to the last will & testament of the late Robert Beverley 
'of Blandfield, will be sold for ready money at the Bowling green 
'on Tuesday the 13th January 1801 being Caroline Court, if fair; 


'if not the next fair day, Fifty Negroes consisting of very likely 
'middleaged, young men, boys, young women & children. 
Carter Beverley 

Only Acting Executor' 
Culpepper County 
8th Aug. 1800. 

Extract from a fragment of a letter written to Mr. R. M. Beverley 
from Mr. Francis P. Corbin from Paris during the Civil War in America* — 
of those of your name I have heard btit little lately as they are for the 
most part in the far South, but I make no doubt all are under arms that 
can bear them. Our Cousin William of Blandfield must be near if not 
turned of 70, & although unable to help "manibus pedibusque" in the 
din of battle he supplies the sinews of war in another sense — 

His former banker is now here & tells me he "enjoys good health 
& a very ample estate for any cotmtry — " He has never married & it 
is supposed that he will leave his property to the son of his brother 
Bradshaw who lived '& died near Winchester in Virginia where he too 
had a good estate & charming residence which the enemy have not 
spared — 

Mr. William Beverley's estate partly inherited & partly increased 
by his own savings & investments was estimated before the war began 
at some £250000 to £300000 sterling or about a million & ahalf of dollars. 
I give you all these family details as thinking they may be of interest 
to you — 

(To BE Continued.) 


The Will of Thomas Poindexter. 

[The testator was a son of John Poindexter of Louisa Co. He died in 
Franklin Co, Ky where his will was proved; but a copy was recorded in 
Louisa Co. See this Magazine XX, 110, 220, 441] 

In the name of God amen. I bequeth my soul into the hands of God and 
my body to the dust from whence it came: being in perfect sense and mem- 
ory. I now make this my last will and testament of what it hath pleased 
God to give me, in manner as followeth towit. 1st. my desire is that 
all my just debts should be paid. 2nd. I give and bequeth unto my son 
James two negroes by the names of Phillis and Martin, one gtm to him 
and his heirs forever. 3rd. I give and bequeth unto my son Robert two 
negroes by the name of Tom and Ann, one feather bed and furniture, 
to him and his heirs forever. 


4th. I give and bequeth unto my son Richard one negro wench 
by the name of Nan and her increase to him and his heirs forever. 

5th. I give and bequeth unto my son George two negroes by the 
names of Sally and Milly and their increase to him and his heirs forever. 

6th. I give and bequeth imto my daughter Elizabeth Jones 
Commack one negro women named Mary, her increase, one cow and 
feather bed and furniture to her and her heirs forever. 

7th. I give and bequeth unto my daughter Lucy, three negroes 
by the names of Hannah, James and Jude and their increase; one cow 
and calf, one feather bed and furniture to her and her heirs forever. 

8th. My desire is that the negroes I sold for my life, should be 
collected and equally divided amoung my children, Viz. — my sons Ga- 
briel, Thomas, Robert, James, Richard, George and my daughter Molly 
Cosbys heirs- Viz-Stith Cosby, Nicholas, Frances, Betsy and Garland: 
my daughters, Elizabeth Jones Cammack and Lucy, them and their in- 
crease to them and their heirs forever. 

9th. I give imto Garland Cosby's daughter Betsy, one negro by 
name Milly and her increase to her and her heirs forever. 

10th. I give and bequeth unto Garland Cosby's sons — Viz — 
Stith Cosby, Nicholas, Francis and Garland, one negro woman by name 
Dinah and her increase to them and theirs forever. 

11th. I give and bequeth all my lands to be equally divided 
among all my children. Viz. -my sons John, Gabriel, Thomas, Robert, 
James, Richard, George and my daughter Molly Cosby's heirs. Viz. 
Stith Cosby, Nicholas, Francis and Garland; my daughters, Elizabeth J- 
Cammack and Lucy, to them and their heirs forever. 

12th. I give and bequeth unto my son Gabriel, one horse and 
plantation tools and one large looking glass, to him and his heirs forever. 

I do appoint my sons Thomas Poindexter and James Poindexter 
and Garland Cosby, executors to this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my 
seal this fifteenth day of July one thousand seven himdred and ninety 

Signed sealed and 
delivered in the presence 
of Josh Adams 
John Perry 
Robert Perry 
Annexed to the above will my desire is, that all the residue of my estate 
both real and personal, that has not been heretofore mentioned should 
be sold and all my debts paid and the balance of the money to be applied 
to the use of purchasing a house for my daughter Lucy and her heirs for- 
ever: also my desire is the old negro wench Jude should be set at liberty 
the remainder of her days. 

Thomas Poindexter. 


Franklin Covmty — At a court held for the county aforesaid on Tuesday 
the twelfth day of December 1796 the last will and testament of Thomas 
Poindexter deceased was produced in Court and proved by the oaths of 
Joseph Adams, John Perry, Robert Perry, subscribing witnesses thereto, 
which was ordered to be recorded. 

Test. Daniel Weisiger C. F. C. 

At a court held for the said County on Tuesday the 18th. day of Jan. 1797 
the last will and testament of Thomas Poindexter deed, was this day 
exibited in open Court and being heretofore proved and ordered to be 
recorded except as to the Codicil thereto annexed, there being no sub- 
scribing witnesses to the same: thereupon Christopher Cammack and 
Robert Perry came into Court, and being sowm, declared that they were 
acquainted with the handwriting of the said deceased and that they be- 
lieved that the signature to the said Codicil was written with the hand of 
of the said Thomas Poindexter, therefore it is ordered by the Court that 
the same be recorded. 

James Poindexter one of the executors named in said will, came 
into Court and having made oath thereto, as the law directs, on his 
motion certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due 
form, on his giving security: he together with Christopher Cammack 
and Robert Perry his securities, entered into and acknol wedged their 
bond with security of two thousand pounds with condition agreeable to 

Daniel Weiseger C. F. C. 
A copy Daniel Weiseger C. F. C. 

Kentucky, Franklin County, to wit: 

Family Bible Record of Thomas Poindexter. 

(Son of Thomas Poindexter, whose will precedes this.) 

Thomas Poindexter Sr., was bom May 25th, 1760. 
Sally Ragland (Poindexter) his wife was bom June 6th, 1769. 
They were married March 28th, 1790. 

Colin Johnson was born Dec. 7th, 1786. 

Mary his wife (who was M. Poindexter) was bom Feb. 11th, 1793. 
They were married Jany. 15th, 1818. 

Wm. S. Winston was born Oct. 12th, 1796. 

Anna L. his wife( who was Anna L. Poindexter) was bom July 5th, 
1803. They were married January 9th, 1822. 



Children of Thos. Poindexter, Sr., towit:- 

Lucy Jones Poindexter wa^ bom July 21st, 1791. 

Polly Poindexter (Johnson) was bom Feb. 11th, 1793. 

Patsy Poindexter (Lily) was born Oct. 25th, 1794. 

Ww. Ragland Poindexter was bom Mch. 9th, 1796. 

Thomas Poindexter, Jr. was born April 19th, 1798. 

Sally Ragland Poindexter (Perkins) was bom Dec. 27th, 1799. 

James L. Poindexter was bom July 1st, 1801. 

Ann Lipscomb Poindexter (Winston) was bom July 5th, 1803. 

George Poindexter was bom Mch. 8th, 1805. 

Louisa Poindexter was born Feb. 13th, 1807. 

Saml. Ragland Poindexter was born Sep. 13th, 1808. 

John Jones Poindexter was bom Aug. 19th, 1816. 

Henry Poindexter was bom Aug. 1st, 1812. 

Edward Poindexter was bom July 7th, 1814. 


Mary Johnson wife of Colin Johnson died Nov. 22nd, 1820. 
Doct. Wm. R. Poindexter died at Woodville Mississippi, July 20th, 

Lucy J. Poindexter died Nov. 30th, 1827. 

Saml. Ragland Poindexter died Mch. 23rd, 1835. 

Ann L. Winston, wife W. S. Winston died Nov. 22nd, 1836. 

Sally R. Perkins, wife Nathl. Perkins died April 29th, 1837. 

George Poindexter died May 13th, 1837. 

John Jones Poindexter died Jime 12th, 1837. 

Louisa Poindexter died Aug. 29th, 1840. 

Henry Poindexter died at Vicksburg, Jany. 4th, 1843. 

Thomas Poindexter, Sr. died Apl. 10th, 1843. 

Mrs Sally Ragland Poindexter died Feb. 10th, 1857. 

Thomas Poindexter Jr. died Feby. 7th, 1851. 

Edward Poindexter died Apl. 15th, 1851. 

James L. Poindexter died June 29th, 1853. 

Patsy Poindexter (Lily) died April 3rd, 1875. 


1. Charles Poindexter son of Dr. James W. Poindexter a dmg- 
gist in Charlottesville. 

2. Thomas Poindexter married a Miss Eliza Burton of Bedford. 
He died in 1850. Three of his children were living at his old home "Wav- 
erly" near Bellevue P. O. Bedford. Mrs. Sally West who had children, 
Mrs. Maggie Moore and her children, and Jenny B. Poindexter unmarried. 

3. Edward stood very high in Louisa for sense and character and 


4. Many of the Johnsons, Winstons, Perkins, Lillys are yet liv- 
ing in Louisa and adjoining coimties. 
The family line was as follows: 

1. John Poindexter, his son, the first Justice of the Peace. 

2. Thomas Poindexter (Son of John). 

3. Thomas Poindexter, brother of John, James, Robert, Richard 
and Gabriel, George and son of Thomas. 

4. James L. Poindexter his son. 

(To BE Continued.) 


Will of Richard Eppes. 

I, Richard Eppes, of City Point, in Prince George County, know- 
ing the certainty of death & the uncertainty of the time when, do there- 
fore make this my last will and testament in the manner and form as 
followeth, vizt: — 

Imprimus — I give imto my son Richard Epes, my plantation and 
track of land whereon I now dwell called City Point, (except five acres) 
after my wife's decease, I also give unto my said son four negroes, two 
of them to be midling good working hands in the judgment of my execu- 
tors, the other two young ones, one feather bed and furniture, six head of 
cattle young & old, one midling good horse, bridle & saddle, to him and 
his heirs forever. 

Item — I give vmto my son Archibald Eppes, one half of my planta- 
tion and tract of land in Charles City called the Island, after my wife's 
decease; I also give unto my said son, four negroes, two of them to be 
midling good workers, the other two young ones, one feather bed and 
furniture, six head of cattle, young and old, one midling good horse, sad- 
dle and bridle, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item — I give unto my son Thomas Eppes, one half of my planta- 
tion and tract of land in Charles City called the Island, after my wife's 
decease; I give also unto my said son, four negroes, two of them to be 
midling good workers, the other two young ones, one feather bed and 
furniture, six head of cattle young and old, one midling good horse, sad- 
dle & bridle, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item — I give unto my son Robertson Eppes, my plantation and 
tract of land in Prince George County called Rise lands, after my wife's 
decease; I also give unto my said son two lots of land, at City Point of 
one acre each adjoining the river, near about where Hamlin Allen now 
1 ives, also four negroes, two of them to be middling good workers, the other 
two young ones, one feather bed and furniture, one middling good horse, 
saddle and bridle, to him and his heirs forever. 


Item — I give unto my daughter Elizabeth Eppes, one lot of land at 
City Point, of one acre, adjoining the river, to be laid off at the discretion 
of my executors, adjoining the lots devised to my son Robertson whenever 
she arrives to lawful age, or is married, also four negroes, two to be work- 
ers and two young ones, one feather bed & furniture, and four head of 

Item — I give unto my daughter Christian Eppes when she arrives 
at age or is married, one lot of land at City Point, of one acre adjoining 
the river, to be laid off with the lot before mentioned at the discretion 
of my executors, near where Hamlin Allen now resides, also four negroes, 
two of them to be workers and the other two young ones, one feather bed 
and furniture, and four head of cattle. 

Item — I give imto my daughter Polly Eppes, when she arrives at 
age or is married, one lot of land at City Point adjoining the river and the 
lot above devised to contain one acre, and be laid off at the discretion 
of my executors, also four negroes, two of them to be workers, and the 
other two young ones, one feather bed and furniture, and four head of 

Item — I lend unto my dear and loving wife Christian Eppes, the 
use of all my lands, during her natural life, and I give her the residue of 
my estate, both within doors & without (excepting what I have already 
given away) for her own comfortable support and the maintenance of my 
children, and respecting this residuary part of my estate, I grant my dear 
wife full privilege to dispose of it at her death, in any manner she please 
among my children. 

Item — It is my desire that in lotting off the negroes for my chil- 
dren as they arrive to age, that particular care may be taken to satisfy the 
poor creatures, by keeping families together as much as the circumstan- 
ces of things will admit, and that the ancient and infirm negroes in my 
family shall be comfortably supported in their old age. 

Item — I desire that estate may not be appraised. 

Lastly — I appoint my dear wife executrix, and my son Richard and 
my brother-in-law William Robertson, executors to my last will and 
testament. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and af- 
firmed my seal this twenty seventh day of November in the year of our 
Lord one thousand, seven himdred and eighty eight. 

[Sealed and delivered Richd Eppes. [seal] 

in presence of 

Archibald Robertson.] 




A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. By John W. Wayland, 
Ph. D., Professor of History State Normal School, Harrisonburg- 
Va., Member Virginia Historical Society, American Historical 
Association, Pennsylvania German Society &c.; Author of "Po- 
litical Opinions of Thomas Jefferson", "The German Element of 
the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia &c." Ruebush-Elkins Com- 
pany, Dayton, Virginia, 1912, pp. 467, with 94 illustrations and 
maps, and full index. 

Rockingham is one of Virginia's largest and richest covinties and 
has been very fortunate in having so able and scholarly an historian 
as Dr. Wayland. In every phase of the history, civil, military, relig- 
ious, and economic, the work of the trained student is evident. 

While giving in a very interesting way all of the things usually 
found in county histories, the author has studied and presents many im- 
portant subjects which the average writer of such works overlooks, or 
does nor understand the importance of. 

The appendix contains much matter of interest including a good 

If our reviewing space were not crowded it would be a pleasure to 
enter more fully into the character and merits of this admirable work. 

Richmond Her Past and Present. By W. Asbury Christian, D. D. 
Illustrated. Manufactured by L. H. Jenkins, Richmond, Va., 
1912. pp. 618 with index. 

It is very surprising that Richmond should so long have been with- 
out a historian. Mordecai and Little, writing many years ago, did but 
little to supply the want, and Dr. Christian's work can hardly be called 
a history. It is however a very useful chronicle. The author has been 
an indefatigable student of newspaper files, and has given, in compact 
form, most of the great and small events in the history of the City down 
to the present time. 

As a chronicle of events, especially since the Revolution, "Rich- 
mond, Her Past and Present" has much value. As a real history there 
is much lacking. 


The author, indeed, shows in many places an unfamiliarity with 
history outside of the newspapers. On p. 3 he seems to think that 
Henricopolis was at the site of Richmond. Certainly there never was a 
new Henrico at Tuckahoe. 

St. Johns Church (p. 8) was not called St. Johns when it was built, 
but was given that name about 1829. An account is given of Amnold's 
occupation of Richmond; but not of that by Comwallis later in the same 
year. The plan for Gabriel's Insurrection (pp. 52-53) had been arranged 
much more carefully than would be thought from the account given here. 

On page 198 it is stated in regard to William and Mary College 
that "the Assembly after the burning of the town of Henrico, ordered 
it to be built in Williamsburg." Henrico was burnt in 1622 and William 
and Mary was not chartered until 1692-3. The two College plans had 
nothing to do with each other. 

A series of views of Richmond at various dates is reproduced 
and adds to the value of what, as has been stated, is a very useful book. 

Dr. William LeRoy Broun, compiled by Thomas L. Broun, assisted 
by Bessie Lee Broun and Sally T. Ordway, New York. The 
Neale Publishing Company 1912, pp. 247, with portraits. 

Dr. Broun did admirable work as an officer of the ordnance de- 
partment of the Confederacy; but his great lifework was what he did for 
education in the South after the war; especially as President of the 
Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College. The story of his life 
was worth preserving, and it has been well told by the authors of this 

A large part of the Volume consists of letters to and from Dr. 
Broun, articles on his life and work other than the authors, and addresses 
by Dr. Broun himself. 

The Land Where We Were Dreaming and other Poems of Daniel 
Bedinger Lucas. Edited by Charles W. Kent, Ph. D., and Vir- 
ginia Lucas with a critical introduction by Charles W. Kent, Ph. 
D. University Edition, Richard G. Badger. The Gorham Press 
Boston [1913], pp. 252 with portrait. 

As our review department has to be confined to historical sub- 
jects, we can only note the receipt of this collection of Judge Lucas' 

Captain Roger Jones of London and Virginia — Some of His Ante- 
cedents AND Descendants. With appreciative notices of the 
Families of Bathurst, Belfield, Browning, Carter, Catesby, Cocke, 
Graham, Fauntleroy, Hickman, Hoskins, Latane — Lewis, Meri- 
wether, Skelton, Walker, Waring and others. By Judge L. H. 


Jones [Louisville, Ky.], Albany, New York. J. Munsell's Sons 
1891, pp. 442 with 30 portraits, and 75 fac-similes of manuscripts, 
copies of Armorial Seals, views &c. For sale by the author. 

Judge Jones' history if this noted family, which has given so many 
distinguished sons to the civil and military service of the Country, has 
long been well and favorably known. He is the fortunate possessor of a 
very large and valuable collection of family papers covering the period 
from the emigrant to the present time. Many of these papers contained 
signatures, armorial seals and other matters of interest outside as well 
as within the family connection, and many have desired to have access 
to them. In addition to genealogical information they contain much 
relating to social history, education and economic conditions in the 
colonial period. 

The author has now made many of these documents accessible 
in a new edition. This edition was prepared by using the sheets of the 
first edition, making large additions which are the result of investiga- 
gations since that was published and inserting a very large number of 
good photographic fac-similes. 

The book is of great interest and should be in all collections of 
American genealogy. 

Genealogy of the Baskerville Family and Some Allied Families In- 
cluding THE English Descent from 1266 A. D. By Patrick Ham- 
ilton Baskerville, Richmond, Va. W. Ellis Jones' Sons Inc. 1912 
pp. 214 with four illustrations and index. 

This handsome and carefully prepared book was compiled by Mr. 
Baskerville for distribution among the members of his family. It treats 
of the Baskervilles, descended from John Baskerville of York County, 
Va., a younger son of Thomas Baskerville of Old Withington, Cheshire, 
the Hamiltons, Turners (of N. C), Watkins', Douglas, Dickenson, Boil- 
ing, Barber, Norvell, Minge, Harrison, Eaton, Coleman, Embry, Gor- 
don, Murray, Kennon, Worsham, Rolfe and others. 

Of course most of these families are treated of only in their relation 
to the main subject of the book. There is a large number of family 
charts, and the whole work is very well done. 

The Glengarry McDonalds of Virginia By Mrs. Flora McDonald 
Williams. With an Introductory sketch of the early History 
of the Glengarry clan, Louisville. Geo. G. Felter Company 1911. 
pp. 340 with numerous portraits &c. 

Angus McDonald, believed with good reason to have been of the 
Glengarry family, was out in the "45", came to Virginia in 1746, settled 
finally in Frederick Co., named his new home "Glengarry" and did good 


service as a commander against the Indians. His descendants have 
been men of prominence, and as became their descent, have, been active 
in all of our wars. Mrs. Williams has written an admirable family his- 
tory which is greatly helped by the number of letters, diaries &c. of the 
Civil War period to which she has access. Every McDonald above the 
age of childhood was in the Confederate Army. 

The McCues of the Old Dominion. Supplemented by Brief Charts 
of the Steele, Arbuckle, and Cunningham Families. Compiled 
by John N. McCue member of the Virginia Historical Society June 
1912. Mo. Printing & Pub. Co. Mexico, Mo. pp. 272 with 57 
portraits and other illustrations. 

Another of our well known Scotch-Irish families is here treated 
of in a very thorough and comprehensive way Mr. McCue has evidently 
spared no pains to make his book as complete and accurate as possible. 

Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania. By Charles H. Browning, Phila- 
delphia, W. J. Campbell, 1912, pp. 631, with 17 maps and illustra- 
tions, and index. 

Beginning in the year 1682 a considerable emigration of Quakers 
from Wales to Pennsylvania took place. 

This book exploits the chronicles and economic history of these 
Welsh Friends (and, incidentally, of the Welsh Baptists, and other Welsh 
American colonists, who removed in Colonial times to Perm's province), 
and their families, ancestors and descendants; records of their land com- 
panies, and of their plantations in the "Welsh Tract;" sketches of their 
Meetings, monthly and preparative, and of their meeting houses (espec- 
ially that of the Merion Prepararory Meeting); documentary accounts 
of the adminstration of civil affairs in the "Welsh Barony;" the annals of 
the Welsh townships, Merion, Haverford, Radnor, etc., the substan- 
tiated story of the struggles between the Welsh Friends and William 
Penn, and his representatives; memoirs of many early Welsh Friends, 
etc., and it is such subjects that indicate the general scope of this work. 

Discourse on the Lives and Characters of the Early Presidents and 
Trustees of Hampden-Sidney College. Delivered at the Cen- 
tenary of the Founding of the College, on the 14th day of June, 
1876. By Hugh Blair Grisby, LL. D. President of the Virginia 
Historical Society and Chancellor of the College of William and 
Mary , Richmond. The Hermitage Press, 1913, pp. X, 46, with 
several portraits. 

The mingling of careful ^historical study with a great amount of 
information derived from individuals and never before in print, which 
gave such interest and value to Mr. Grisby's addresses on the Conven- 


tions of 1776, 1788 and 1829, characterizes that which is now printed for 
the first time. Mr. A. J. Morrison has again done good service to 
Hampden-Sidney and to Virginia in publishing this address. It is pre- 
faced by a life of Hugh Blair Grigsby, and contains portraits of various 
presidents of the College. 

JouRN.'VLS OF THE HousE OF BuRGEssES OF Virginia 1702-1705, 1705-1706, 
1710-1712. Edited by H. R. Mcllwaine. [Va. State Library] 
Richmond, Virginia, MCMXII, pp. XLIIII, 369, with index. 

This splendidly printed series of Journals goes steadily on. They 
have become so familiar to historical students that all that need be said 
is that the high standard of the preceding volumes has been maintained 
in this. The prefaces are, as usual, valuable contributions to the history 
of the period covered by the Journals. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXI. JULY, 1913. No. 3 


Virginia Seventeenth Century Records 

From the Original in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 

Commissions and Instructions to the Earl of Orkney for the 
Government of Virginia 


52. Provided always that no Person be discharged out ot 
Prison who stands Committed for Debt for any decree of Chan- 
cery or any Legal proceedings of any Court of Record. 

53. And for the preventing any Executions that may be made 
upon Prisoners, You are to declare Our Pleasure that no Baron 
or Judge shall receive for himself or Clerks for granting a Writ 
of Habeas Corpus more than Two Shillings and Six Pence and 
the lilce Sum for taking a Recognizance and that the Provost 
Marshall shall not receive more than five Shillings for every 


Commitment, One Shilling & three Pence for the Bond the 
Prisoner is to Sign, One Shilling & three Pence for every Copy 
of a Mittimus & one Shilling & three Pence for every Mile he 
bringeth Back the Prisoner. 

54. And further you are to Cause this our Royal Pleasure 
hereby Signify'd to you to be made Publick & Register'd in 
the Council Books of our said Colony. 

55. And Whereas Commissions have been granted imto 
Several Persons in our Respective Plantations in America for 
the trying of Pirates in those Parts pursuant to the Act for the 
more Effectual Suppression of Piracy and by a Commission sent 
to our Colony of Virginia You as our Lieutenant and Governor 
General of our said Colony are impower'd together with others 
therein mention'd to proceed accordingly in Reference to Our 
said Colony. Our Will and Pleasure is that in all Matters re- 
lating to Pirates You govern yourselves according to the intent 
of the Act and Commission aforemention'd. But as whereas 
Accessories in Cases of Piracy beyond the Seas are by the said 
Act left to be try'd in this Kingdom according to the Statute of 
the twenty Eighth of King Henry the Eighth we do hereby fur- 
ther direct and require you to send all such Accessories in Case 
of Piracy in Our foresaid Colony into this Kingdom with the 
Proper Evidences that you may have against them in Order 
to their being Try'd here. 

IT IS OUR FURTHER PLEASURE that no Person for 
the future be sent as Prisoners to this Kingdom from our said 
Colony and Dominion of Virginia without Sufficient Proof of 
their Crimes, and that Proof transmitted along with the said 

56. In Case any Goods Money or other Estate of Pirates or 
Piratically taken or brought or found within our said Colony 
of Virginia or taken on board any Ships or Vessels You are to 
Cause the same to be Seiz'd and Secur'd until You shall have 
given us an Account thereof and receiv'd our Pleasure Concern- 
ing the Disposal of the Same. But in Case such Goods or any 
Part of them are Perishable the Same shall be Publickly Sold 
and Disposed of, and the Produce thereof in like Manner se- 
cur'd until our further Order. 


57. You shall not Erect any Court or Office of Judicatory not 
before Erected or Established nor dissolve any Court or Office 
already Erected or Established without our especial Order : But 
in Regard we have been inform'd that there is a Want of a par- 
ticular Court for determining of small Causes You are to recom- 
mend it to the Assembly of our said Colony that a Law be pass'd 
(if not already done) for the Constituting such Court or Courts 
for the ease of our Subjects there, and you are from time to 
time to transmit to our said Commissioners for Trade and Plan- 
tations an Exact Account of what Causes have been determin'd 
what shall be then Depending, as likewise an Abstract of all 
proceedings of the Several Courts of Justice within our said 

58. You are to Transmit to Us & to Our Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations with all convenient Speed a Particular 
Account of all Establishments of Jirrisdictions Courts Offices 
and Officers Powers Authorities Fees and Priviledges Granted or 
Settled within our said Colony to the End you may receive our 
farther Directions therein. 

59. COMPLAINT having been made that the Members of 
our said Council in all Matters of Civil Right where any of 
them are Defendants claim a Priviledge of Exemption from the 
Ordinary forms of Process by Writ, so that they cannot be ar- 
rested, and that it being the Practice in all such Cases that the 
Secretary Summon them to an Appearance by a Letter, either 
C'omply with the Same or Neglect it at their own Pleasure by 
which Means the Course of Justice is obstructed & the Plaintiffs 
\\ho are not of the Council are left destitute of relief. You are 
therefore to take Special Care that according to the Order made 
in the said Council of Virginia the 27 March 1678 (by which the 
Members thereof claim 'd the Aforesaid Priviledge) a Letter of 
Summons to any of the said Councelors Sign'd either by your 
self or by the Secretary of our said Colony be deem'd as binding 
and as Strict in Law for their Appearance as a Writ and that 
upon their Neglect to Comply with any such Summons (Except 
only in time of General Assembly) they be liable to the Ordi- 
nary forms of Common Process. 


60. And you are with the Advice and Consent of our said 
Council to take Especial Care to regulate all Salaries and Fees 
belonging to Places or Paid upon Emergencies that they be 
within the Bounds of moderation and that no Exaction be made 
upon any Occasion whatsoever, as also that Tables of all Fees 
be Publickly himg up in all Places where such Fees are to be 
paid and you are to transmit Copies of all such Tables of Fees 
to Us & to Our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations as 

61. WHEREAS it is necessary that our Rights & Dues be 
preserved and recover'd and that speedy and Effectual Justice 
be administer'd in all Cases relating to our Revenue, You are to 
take Care that a Covirt of Exchequer be call'd and do meet at 
all such times as shall be needfull and You are upon your Arri- 
val to inform us and our Commissioners for Trade & Planta- 
tions whether Our Service may require that a constant Court of 
Exchequer be Settled & Established there. 

62. You are to take Care that no Man's Life Member free- 
hold or Goods be taken away or harm'd in our said Colony 
otherwise than by establish'd and known Laws, not repugnant 
but as near as may be agreeable to the Laws of this Kingdom. 

63. You shall administer or Cause to be administer'd the 
Oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to be taken instead of 
the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and the Oath Men- 
tion'd in the foresaid Act Entituled an Act for the Security of 
Her Majesty's Person and Government and of the Succession to 
the Crown of Great Britain in the Protestant Line, to the Mem- 
bers and Officers of our Covmcil & Assembly and to all Judges 
and Justices and aU other Persons that hold any Office or Place 
of Trust or Profit in oiu- said Colony whether by Vertue of any 
Patent under our Great Seal of this Kingdom or the Publick 
Seal of Virginia or otherwise and you shall also Cause them to 
make and Subscribe the aforesaid Declaration without the doing 
of aU which you are not to admit any Person whatsoever into 
any Publick Office, nor Suffer those that have been admitted 
formerly to Continue therein. 


64. You are to Permit a Liberty of Conscience to all Persons 
except Papists, so they be contented with a quiet and peace- 
able Enjoyment of the Same not giving Offence or Scandal to 
the Government. 

65. You shall send to us & our Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations by the Conveyance of our Ships of War, an Accotmt 
of the present Number of Planters and Inhabitants — Men Wo- 
men and Children as well Masters as Servants, Free and Unfree, 
And of the Slaves in our said Colony as also a Yearly accoimt of 
the Increase and decrease of them and how many of them are 
fit to bear Arms in the Militia of our said Colony. 

66. You shall also Cause an Exact Account to be kept of all 
Persons bom Christened and Buried and you shall Yearly send 
fair Abstracts thereof unto us and to Oiu" foresaid Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations. 

67. You shall take Care that all Planters and Christian Ser- 
vants be well and fitly provided with Arms, and that they be 
listed imder good Officers and when and as often as shall be 
thought fit Muster'd and Train'd whereby they may be in a bet- 
ter readiness for the Defense of oiur said Colony and Dominion 
under your Government, and you are to use your utmost En- 
deavours that such Planters do each of them keep such Ntmibers 
of White Servants as by Law Directed and that they appear in 
Arms when thereunto required. 

68. You are to take especial Care that neither the frequency 
nor unreasonableness of the Marches Musters and Trainings be 
an unnecessary Impediment to the Affairs of the Inhabitants. 

69. And for the greater Secvuity of that Our Colony You 
are to Appoint fit Officers and Commanders in the Several 
Parts of the Country bordering upon the Indians who upon any 
Invasion may raise Men and Arms to oppose them untill they 
shall receive yoiu* directions therein. 

70. You shall not upon any Occasion whatsoever Establish 
or put in Execution any Articles of War or other Law Martial 
upon any of Our Subjects Inhabitants of our said Colony of 
Virginia without the advise and Consent of our Council there. 


71. AND WHEREAS there is no Power given you by Our 
Commission to Execute Martial Law in time of Peace upon 
Soldiers in Pay and yet nevertheless it may be necessary that 
some Care be taken for the keeping good Discipline amongst 
those that we may at any time hereafter think fit to send into 
our said Colony (which may properly be provided for by the 
Legislative Power of the same) You are therefore to recommend 
imto the General Assembly of our said Colony that (if not 
already done) they Prepare such Act and Law for the Punishing 
Mutiny Desertions and fake Musters, and for the better pre- 
serving of good Discipline amongst the Said Soldiers as may best 
Answer those ends. 

72. AND WHEREAS together with other Powers of Vice 
Admiralty You will Receive Authority from our Commissioners 
for executing the Office of our high Admiral of great Britain 
and of our Plantations upon the refusal or Neglect of any Cap- 
tain or Commander of any of our Ships of War to Execute the 
Written Order he shall receive from you for Our Service and the 
Service of our Colony imder your Government, or upon his 
Neglect & undue Execution thereof to suspend such Captain or 
Commander from the Exercise of his said Office of Captain or 
Commander and to committ into Safe Custody either on Board 
his own Ship or elsewhere at Your Discretion in Order to his 
being brought to Answer for such refusal or Neglect by Commis- 
sion either imder Our great Seal of this Kingdom or from our 
Commissioners for executing the Office of our high Admiral of 
Great Britain for the time being And whereas you will likewise 
receive directions from our said Commissioners for Executing 
the Office of our high Admiral of Great Britain and of our Plan- 
tations that the Captain or Commander so by you suspended 
shall during such his Suspension and Commitment be succeeded 
by such Commission or Warrant Officer of our said Ship ap- 
pointed by our said Commissioners for Executing the Office of 
our high Admiral of Great Britain for the time being as by the 
known Practice and Discipline of our Navy does and ought next 
to Succeed as in case of Death, Sickness or any other ordinary 
disability happening to the Commander of any of our Ships of 
War and not Otherwise You standing Accountable for the truth 


and Importance of the Crime & Misdemeanor for which you shall 
so proceed to the Suspending any such Captain or Commander 
You are not to Exercise the said Power of Suspending any such 
Captains or Commanders of our Ships of War otherwise than by 
Vertue of such Commission or Authority from our said Commis- 
sioners for executing the Office of our high Admiral of Great 
Britain any former Custom or usage Notwithstanding. 

73. You are to demand an Account from all Persons con- 
cem'd of the Arms Ammunition and Stores sent to our said 
Colony from our Office of Ordnance here as likewise what other 
Arms Ammunition and Stores have been bought with the Pub- 
lick Money for the Service of our said Colony and how the Same 
have been employ'd, and whether any of them and how many of 
them have been sold, Spent, Lost, Decay'd or dispos'd of and 
to whom and to what use and to transmit the said Account to 
Us and to our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations afore- 

74. You shall take an Inventory of all Arms Ammunition 
and Stores remaining in any of out Magazines or Garrisons in 
our Colony imder your Government, and immediately after 
your Arrival to transmit the same unto Us and to our Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations and the like Inventory after- 
wards half Yearly, as also a Duplicate thereof to our Master 
General or Principal Officers of our Ordnance, which Accounts 
are to express the Particulars of Ordnance Carriages, iPowder, 
Balls, and all other Sorts of Arms and Ammunition in our Pub- 
lick Stores at your said Arrival, and so from time to time of what 
shall be sent you or bought v\4th the Publick Money and to 
specify the time of the disposal and the Occasion thereof. 

75. You are to take especial Care that fit Storehouses be 
Settled throughout our said Colony for receiving and keeping of 
Arms Ammunition and Publick Stores. 

76. You shall cause a Survey to be made of all the Consider- 
able landing Places and Harbours in our said Colony, and with 
the Advice of our Council there Erect in any of them such 
Fortifications as shall be necessary for the Security and Advan- 
tage of that Colony which shall be done at the Publick Charges 


of the Country, in which we doubt not of the Chearfull concur- 
rence of the Inhabitants, thereunto from the common Security 
and benefit they will receive thereby. 

77. OUR WILL AND PLEASURE IS that aU Servants 
that shall come to be Transported to Our Colbny of Virginia 
shall serve their respective Masters for the Terms prescrib'd by 
the Laws of our said Colony, and the said Servants shall at the 
end of the said Term have 50 Acres of Land Assign 'd and set 
out to every of them respectively to Have and to Hold to them 
and every of them their Heirs and Assigns for ever imder the 
Rules and Duties usually Paid and reserved. 

78. AND WHEREAS it has been represented that the 
Grant of King James the first heretofore made to that our Colony 
to Exempt the Planters from paying Quitrents for the first Seven 
Years did turn to the great Prejudice of the same and that many 
took Occasion thereby to take and Create to themselves a 
Title of such Quantitys of Land which they never intended to 
or in truth cou'd Occupy or Cultivate but thereby only kept out 
others who would have Planted and manured the Same, and King 
Charles the Second having therefore by his Instructions given 
to Sir W". Berkly revok'd all such Grants as contrary to the 
Intention of the said King James the first and to the good of 
our Subjects there We do likewise give the same directions unto 
you, that if any Such Grants Shou'd be still Insisted on the 
same be look'd on and taken to be void and of None Effect 
And you are likewise to restrain the imlimited practice of 
taking more Lands than can reasonably be Cultivated and to 
regulate aU Abuses therein. 

79. You shall with the Advice of Our Cotmcil there take 
Care to appoint Men fitly Qualify'd to be Stu-veyors throughout 
all the Several Districts of Our said Colony, and that they be 
sworn to make true and exact Surveys of all Lands requir'd to 
be set out according to the best of their Skill. 

80. You shall likewise take Care that a General Survey be 
made of all the said Colony and Dominion, and of each County 
in it, and that an Exact Map or Maps be thereupon drawn, and 
Transmitted to Us and to our foresaid Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 


81 . And You are further to take Care that an Exact Account 
be forthwith drawn of all Arrears of Quitrents due unto Us ex- 
pressing from what Persons, for what Quantity of Land, and for 
what time those Arrears are due, and likewise an Account Spe- 
cifying what Particular Persons throughout all our said Colony 
are possess'd above 20,000 Acres of Land a Piece, by what Titles 
they hold the said Lands, and how much each of them is possess'd 
of above that Quantity. Both which Accotints you are without 
Delay to transmit to Us and to Our Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

82. WHEREAS it was represented to her Late Majesty by 
the President and Coimcil of our said Colony that the Method 
of Granting Lands as directed by the Instructions given to 
Robert Himter Esq' bearing Date at St. James's the 30th of 
April 1707 is not agreeable to the Laws Constitution and Prac- 
tice of our said Colony. OUR WILL AND PLEASURE 
THEREFORE IS That for the future the Method of Granting 
of Land be in such form and Manner, and imder the like Con- 
ditions Covenants and Reservations of Qtiitrent as are by the 
Charter and Laws of that our Colony allow'd and Directed to 
be made and as were permitted to be made before the In- 
structions given to Robert Hunter Esq' as aforesaid, PRO- 
VIDED due care be taken that in all such Grants hereafter to 
be made regard be had to the profitable and unprofitable 
Acres, and particularly that every Patentee be obliged in the 
best and most Effectual Manner to Cultivate & Improve three 
Acres part of every fifty Acres so granted within the term of 
three Years after the Passing of such Grant and in Case of fail- 
ure thereof such Grant or Grants to be void and of None Effect. 

(To be Continued) 


VIRGINIA IN 1676-77. 

Bacon's Rebellion* 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald and 
De Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


Account of Tobacco Import 

June, 1676 
The public account of the Impost of 2s per hogshead upon 
tobacco exported from Virginia. — that is the Dr. accoimt being 
the payments made thereof to the Governor of the Colony and 
other Officers for Salaries &c. Total £2377 .6 .5. Copy Cer- 
tified by Robert Beverley. 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 
Another copy is entered in Col. Entry Bk. No. 80. pp. 168-171. 

Ship's Invoice 

July 20, 1676 
Invoice of Goods and Servants aboard the Richard and 
Elizabeth, Nicholas Pym, Master, for Virginia for the accoimt 
of [Alderman] Richard Booth and Samuel Story of Sam: 
Claphamson, William Hunt and William Paggen. 
(Colonial Papers. 7. pp.) 

*-Much valuable material for the history of Bacon's Rebellion has 
already been published in this Magazine. For a list of these and other 
published documents on this subject see the Appendix to "The Story of 
Bacon's Rebellion." (New York, 1907). 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 235 

July-Aug., 1676 
Warrants from Colonel Thomas Ballard* for pressing 



The several warrants bear date July 6, July 10, and August 25, 
1676 which was near a month after Sir William Berkeley left 
his house. Young was hanged for executing these warrants 
and commanding the Company which he was compelled to by 
Colonel Ballard, Colonel of the Coimty. 

(Colonial Papers. 4. pp.) 

King's Letter to ye Duke of York about Nathaniel Bacon 

Charles R, 

Most dear, and most entirely beloved brother, We greet you 
well; It is not unknown to you that Nathaniel Bacon the 
Younger, hath made himself the head & leader of a rebellion 
in Our Colony of Virginia, highly to the Dishonour of Our royal 
Authority and no less to the Detriment of Our good subjects in 
that Colony besides the danger of the Example which, if not 
suppressed and punished, may spread its infection into the 
neighboring plantations; For prevention whereof & in Order 
to the due chastisement of the Authors and abettors of those 
traitorous and pernicious proceedings in our said Colony of 
Virginia, We have thought fit to signify our pleasure imto you 
that if the Said Nathaniel Bacon or any of his Accomplices or 
abettors in that Rebellion, shall, for their safety or otherwise, 
retreat or resort into Yo'' Colony and Territory of New York, or 
into any part thereof, you cause them and every of them to be 
forthwith seized & secured, and that immediate notice thereof 
be then given to Our Governor or Deputy Governor of Virginia, 

*-Thomas Ballard, of James City and York County, bom 1630, buried 
March 24, 1689; for many years Clerk of York County. He was a Burgess 
(or James City County, October, 1666-November, 1685; was appointed 
member of Council, 1670, but was removed and became a member of the 
House of Burgesses, of which he was speaker, 1680-82. 


to the End such further course may be taken with them as the 
law shall require in that case. So not doubting of Yo' Zeal and 
Diligence in a matter so much conducing to the public peace 
& the welfare of Our subjects, both in Virginia, and other Our 
adjacent Colonys and Plantations. We bid you most heartily 
farewell. Given &c. the last day of September 1676, in the 
28th Year of Our reign. 

To His Royal Highness the Duke of York, or Commander in 
chief imder him of the Colony of New York in the West Indies. 

By His Ma"" Comand 

H. Coventry, 
W. Davis. 

King's Letter to Lord Baltimore about Nathaniel Bacon 


Right truly and Well beloved We 
greet you well, It is not unknown 
Charles R. to you since it hath so long since 

come to our knowledge, that Na- 
thaniel Bacon the yoimger hath made himself the head and 
leader of a rebellion in our Colony of Virginia, highly to the 
dishonor of Our royal Authority and no less to the detriment 
of our Good subjects in that Colony. And as we make no ques- 
tion but that you detest and (as much as in you lyes) have 
opposed and will oppose, such traitorous and pernicious pro- 
ceedings. So we have thought fit, at this time, to signify Our 
pleasure unto you and hereby to reqiiire you that if the said 
Nath'l Bacon, or any of his Accomplices, in that rebellion, shall, 
for their safety or otherwise, retreat or resort into your Colony 
of Maryland, or into any part thereof, you cause them and every 
of them to be forthwith seized and secured And then give im- 
mediate notice thereof to Our Governor or Deputy Governor 
of Virginia, to the End such further course may be taken with 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 237 

them as the law shall require in that case. So not doubting 
of Yo'' Zeal and diligence in this Our Service, so much conducing 
to the public peace and welfare of Our subjects, as well in Our 
said Colony of Virginia as in that of Maryland. We bid you 
heartily farewell. Given &c the last day of September 1676 in 
the 28th Year of Our reign. 

To our right trusty and wdbeloved. Charles Lord Baltimore 
proprietor of Maryland in the West Indies, or the Comander in 
Chief under him in that Colony. 

By his Ma*'*« Comand 

H. Coventry. 

Petition of Merchants of London and Bristol 

Petition of Merchants of London, Bristol, Plymouth 
&c. importing tobacco and sugars from Virginia and other 
Plantations to the King. Set forth the inequalities of the 
duties paid in England and Ireland upon tobaccos imported 
from Virginia and pray for relief. 

[Indorsed by Williamson, 1676.] 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

Papers Concerning Gregory Walklett 

[End of 1676?] 
"Entry of originall Papers concerning Gregory Walklett (*) 
in Virginia." — 

Only part of one letter to Walklett has however been entered 
altho' there are many leaves left blank: — in reference to his 

*-Af ter Bacon's death the remnant of his party was tinder command of 
Joseph Ingram, with Gregory Walklett as second in command. They 
soon surrendered to the Governor on condition that their lives be spared. 
This was done, but by Act of Assembly they were forbidden to hold 
any office in Virginia. 


proposal to come into Gloster with a" good troop of horse and 
arms, he is advised to bring them to Tindall's point and there 
declare for the King's Majesty, the Governor and Country, 
when he shall immediately be fetched on board to his Honoiir 
(? the Governor of Virginia) 
(Colonial Entry Book No. 81. p. 501.) 

and he will find a considerable company of resolved men ready 
armed to assist him, the writer of this letter amongst them. 

Jan. 30, 1676-7 
Humphrey Harwood to [the Commissioners for Virginia?] 
Has sent up all the sheep belonging to John Leucas according 
to their warrant and taken an inventory of the rest of his per- 
sonal estate. 
(Colonial Papers. 1. p.) 

Sir John Berry to Sir John Werden. 

Feb. 2, 1676-7 

Sir John Berry to Sir John Werden. The Dartmouth arrived 
yesterday having lost company of the fleet of Merchant ships 
in bad weather. Has received his Maj. Instructions by Capt. 
Temple but hoped to be removed hence before the sickly months 
of Jime, July &c. Sir W. Berkeley of opinion to keep the 
Deptford Ketch till the arrival of his Maj. forces and the meet- 
ing of the Assembly. 

P. S. The Governor has upon second thoughts issued forth 
this day the King's printed Proclamation and has expected 18 
person whose names or crimes the Commiss" do not yet know. 
(Mem. "This (P. S.) was designed to the Duke's Secretary, 
Sir John Werden, but remanded.' ') 3 pp. 
(Colonial Entry Book No. 81. pp. 36-38) 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 339 


Feb. 21, 1676-7 
Gov. Berkeley to Col. Moryson. Has received his letter 
by Capt. Swann and will do as he requires him and consult with 
the Assembly and not only with them but with the other Com- 
mis". Thanks God he is so perfectly recovered that he hopes 
to go for England with the first ship. 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. p. 73.) 


Feb. 24, 1676-7 
Gov. Berkeley to Col. Moryson — Thinks all his Maj. 
Commiss" of so high a quality that he writes and stiles Col. 
Jeffreys and Sir John Berry Right Honorable who have not yet 
taken it ill neither does Berkeley while he is the King's Governor. 
For the word require truly he knows not whether it were desire 
or not. — The Burgesses are not yet half met — the Northern & 
those of Accomack being kept back by the weather to the 
Governor's great charge. "Col. Moryson, my friend, I would 
fain have you think me yours.' ' 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. pp. 76-7.) 

Swann's Point, James City, Feb. 27, 1676-7 

The Commissioners for Virginia to Thomas Watkins — 
Desire, upon second thoughts, he will deliver Sec. Coventry's 
letter, whose Province Virginia is, in the first place and advise 
with him how much of its contents may be communicated to 
the other Ministers. 

The Assembly have bcgvin to sit and the Commissioners have 
Ijrepared a letter to acquaint them with the cause and end of 
their coming which they will send with Answer by next con- 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. pp. 95-6.) 



Feb., 1676-7 

The Commissioners for Virginia to the Council and 
Assembly of Virginia. — ^As touching his Maj. desire for peace 
with the Indians; the sole power of peace and war are only in- 
herent to his Maj. Royal prerogative and it is therefore to be 
understood that that part of the letter is not before the Council 
and Assembly to judge or determine whether it be fit or no, 
but to offer their best judgments as to what means shall safely 
and honorably conduce thereto "and no further are you to con- 
cern yourselves in this matter.' * As to the salaries of the Mem- 
bers of Assembly, his Maj. Instructions are peremptory in that 
particular they must be reduced so as to be no grievance to 
the Country. These two Articles to be recommended partic- 
ularly to the Governor as appertaining solely to his Province. 
4 pp. 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. pp. 116-119.) 


Swann's Point, March 6, 1676-7 

The Commissioners for Virginia to Governor Berkeley. 
They find not only by former complaints but by Petitions this 
day before them that several illegal seizures have been made 
without any due conviction or attainder. Have more than once 
protested against such unwarrantable proceedings and especially 
for that there is no pretence or colour for such kind of practises 
but rather of restitution — Reasons — Hope no more clamours of 
this kind may surround them here nor pursue Berkeley home 
to England to obstruct his and their proceedings for the 
good of this cotmtry and give new occasions of more disturbances 
among the people. 3 pp. 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. pp. 120-122.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 241 

Order of Privy Council in Regard to Money in England 
Belonging to Virginia 

On the 26th of June 1677 their Lo'p^ agree, upon a report to 
be made His Ma*^ concerning Moneys raised & disposed of, 
by the Assembly of Virginia as follows 

The Right Hon'ble the Lord 
Memorandum Privy Seal, is desired by the Lords 

of the Committee for Trade and 
Plantations to report, unto his Ma*^ in Council, that whereas 
their Lordships have received informations from Virginia that a 
very considerable Stun of Money raised there in the Years 16 
and 16 and deposited in England for a Public Stock, to be 
made use of for rewards and other expences to such as were 
sent as Agents from the said Colony, for procuring a Charter 
from his Ma*^ and other public uses, has been for the greatest 
part thereof; by the late Admiralty (called while the Country 
was yet remaining imder great distractions and imcapable of 
making their elections after the usual manner) distributed and 
disposed of by bills of Exchange, to uses which may prove less 
agreeable to the intentions of the new Assembly, called by the 
Present Governor. Their Lo'p^ are therefore most humbly of 
opinion, that in regard the present condition of this Colony is 
so miserable and necessitous, that the misapplication of so con- 
siderable a sum of money, would be of very evil consequence 
to his Ma*'*" affairs, and re-setlement of the Country, the Treas- 
urers now in England, and other persons who, by their corre- 
spondences and interests are nearly concerned herein, may be 
called upon and examined concerning this matter; to the End 
his Ma*y may be enabled to give such Orders, as to his Wisdom 
shall seem meet. 

The Sums of Money and Assingements are as follows, viz*. 

Green Spring, April 2d, 1677 
Honoured Gentlemen, 

I am commanded as Clerk of the Assembly to acquaint your 
Honors that there will be several Bills of Exchange drawn upon 


you for satisfaction of the Public debts to the value of two 
thousand eight hundred ninety five pounds, thirteen shillings 
and ten pence. The persons to whom the money is due do im- 
mediately require their bills and I suppose will send them for 
England by the first ships. You will please to honoiir them 
with acceptance and payment and according to the directions 
of the Order of Assembly place the same to account. 

What is in Col. Parks his hands according to his Letters and 
accompt. to the Assembly will be drawn upon him; the rest 
upon M' Secretary, for that Col. Morison hath informed, it 
lyes in his hands. 

I am most honored gentlemen 
Your most humble servant 
Robert Beverley, CI. Assemb. 
Wm. Davis. 

At a grand Assembly begim at Green Spring. 

February 20th, 1677 
That Major Robert Beverley, as clerk of the Assembly be, 
and is hereby impowered, to draw Bills of Exchange upon M'' 
Secy Ludwell and Co'l Daniel Parke for such sums of money 
as are ordered, to several persons by this Assembly. And that 
all such Bills as he shall draw and subscribe, as Clerk aforesaid, 
be punctually paid, according to the tenour of the same, by 
M' Sec^ Ludwell or Co'l Daniel Parke out of the moneys in 
their hands, belonging to the Country and they thereof dis- 
charged accordingly. And that a copy of this Order, attested 
by the Clerk of the Assembly and produced with the Bills 
drawn, be sufficient advice of such bills and justification for 
payment of the same. 

Robert Beverley, CI. Assem. 

W. Davis. 
The Copy of what I have formerly sent for advice by Capt° 
Morris and Capt° Ransom. R. B. 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 243 

At a Grand Assembly begun at Green Spring the 20th Feb- 
ruary 1676, these following Sums of Money were ordered to be 
paid out of the Public Moneys in England — viz*. 

£ s. d. 

To Capt° George Purvis 4 

To the Right Hon'ble S"" W-". Berkleyl g2g g jq 

for disbursements J 

ToCol.Augustin Warner for disbursem*' 13 11 11 

To Capt'n John Martin 28 11 

To Capt'n Tho: Gardner for expence ofl 50 

Provisions ( 

To Major John Page for account of Al- 1^ 88 

derman Jefferys j 

To Capt" John Conset 5 5 

To Capt° Tho : Laremer 50 

To Capf^ Tho: Gardner 50 

To M' John Clough 10...... 

To Capt° Tho: Laremer for expence ofl 60 

provisions j 

To the R* Hon 'ble S^W"". Berkley Gov' 500 

To Major William White 1 6 8 

To Capt" Isaac Foxcroft. 28 

To Col. Austin Warner..... 40 

To Co'l Southy Littleton 61 9.- 3 

To Mris Tabitha Brown 15 11 8 

To M' John Page 40 17 6 

To Co'l Geo. Jordan 36 

To M' James Tubb 16 

To Capt'' Daniel Juniper [Jenifer?] 24 2 

To Major Isaac Alverton 28 16 

To Major William Spencer 15 5 

To Col. Southy Littleton for Hen: Wag-1 112 

gaman j 

To Rob* Beverley 100 

To Major Gen'l John Custis 350 14 

To Major William White 313 6 

To Col' Tho: Ballard 14 11 7 








. 13 


.. 10 


. 13 

.. 10 

To Co'l Augustin Warner ... 
To Co'l John Washington 
Errors excepted 

Rob* Beverley CI. Assemb 2895 

To M'' Sam Wiseman, since the above s"^ 

Tis possible, divers of those persons may assign their sums 
due or part thereof, to others. Of which, shall give intimation 
in the Bills of Exchange, when drawn. Please also to observe, 
that by several Articles, there are several sums due, to the same 
persons which may be included in one Bill of Exchange. 

R. B. CI. Assem. 

W. Davis. 

Whereupon his Ma*^ was pleased to order as follows, viz*. 

At the Court at Whitehall 11th July, 1677 

The King's most Excellent Ma'ty in Council. 

The R* Hon'ble The Lords of the Committee of this Board 
for Trade, having this day reported, to his Ma}^ in Coimcil, 
that they have received information from Virginia that a very 
considerable sum of money raised there, in the years 1674 and 
1675 and deposited in England, for a Public Stock to be made 
use of for rewards and other Expences to such as were sent as 
Agents, from the said Colony for procuring a Charter, from 
His Ma*y and other public necessities hath been for the great- 
est part thereof, by the late Assembly (called while the Country 
was yet remaining under great distractions and uncapable of 
making their Elections after the usual manner) distributed and 
disposed of, by bills of Exchange, to uses, which may prove 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 245 

less agreeable to the Intentions of the New assembly, called 
by the present Governor; It was upon consideration thereof, 
and in regard the present condition of the said Colony, is so 
miserable and necessitous that the misapplication of so con- 
siderable a sum of money woiild be of very evil consequence, 
to his Ma"^^ affairs and resetlement of the Country, Ordered 
by his Ma*y in Council, that Tho. Ludwell Esq' and Col 
Daniel Parke Treasurers for Virginia be, and they are hereby 
required to attend the Board concerning the matter on Friday 
next the 13th instant at ten of the clock in the Morning. And 
that in the mean time the Treasurer and all other persons who 
have in their hands any public Moneys of the said Colony, 
do forbear to dispose thereof, notwithstanding any directions, 
they have received from the Assembly of Virginia for that pur- 

A true Copy 


W. Davis. 

At the Court at Whitehall 13th July, 1677 
The Kings most Excellent Ma"^ in Council. 

Whereas, it hath been represented to his Ma*^ in Council, 
that a very considerable Stun of Money raised in Virginia in 
the years 1674 and 1675 and deposited in England for a Public 
Stock to be made use of for the Service of the said Colony hath 
been for the greatest part thereof, by the late Assembly (called 
while the Country was yet remaining under great distractions 
and uncapable of making their elections after the usual manner) 
distributed and disposed of by Bills of Exchange to uses which 
may prove less agreable to the Interests of the New Assembly, 
called by the present Governor. His Ma*^ taking the same 
into consideration and designing that the Moneys so collected 
and remaining in the Treasurer's hands shall not be employed 
to any other ends, than such as shall most conduce to the ad- 
vantage and settlement of that Plantation did order that Thos. 
Ludwell Esq. & Co'l Daniel Parke Treasurers for Virginia be, 
and they are hereby required to forbear to issue out or dispose 


of, the said Public Moneys to any Person or Persons whatsoever 
without receiving His Ma'''^^ Order in Council for the same. 

A true Copy 

W. Davis. 


March 6, 1676-7 
Petition of John Dean of James City County, Planter, to the 
Commis'^ for Virginia. Confessing & repenting of his having 
taken Bacon's Oath & that he has laid hold of his Maj. pardon 
and praying remedy against Hartwell for seizing his whole crop 
of tobacco. — With deposition on oath annexed. 
(Colonial Papers. 2. pp.) 

Gov. Berkeley to the Commiss'rs for Virginia. 

May 7, 1676-7 
Has received their letter with some wonder for they tell him 
no man's estate is to be seized for treason without conviction 
which he knows is contrary to all the practise of all Christen- 
dom — For this he appeals to the King & his Council & his learned 
Judges of the Law — Besides this be was by when the King 
seized the Estates of many that were in rebellion against him 
without conviction. — Desires them to take a List of what he 
has seized — The case of Alex. Walker different, he voluntarily 
offered it — Has seized nothing since the King's Commiss" 
came in and what is seized amounts not to the thirtieth part of 
his lost estate — Shall give the King & his Council all their ad- 
monitory letters to him. 
(Col. Entry Book No. 81. pp. 123-4.) 


March 10, 1676-7 

Petition of John Page in behalf of John Jeffreys to his 

Maj. Commissioners for grievances — For payment of twenty 

pipes of wine ordered by Sir W. Berkeley for his Maj. service at 

the rate of £8 per pipe — with Order of Assembly thereon — 

VIRGINIA IN 1676-1677. 247 

and Opinion of said Commissioners referring same to his Maj. 

consideration & justice. 

(Colonial Papers. 3 pp.) 

Copies of the above are entered in Col. Entry Book No. 80. 

pp. 202-5.) 

Memorandum in Regard to Petition of Wm. Claiborne. 

March 13, 1676-7 
Mem. [by the King's Commiss" for Virginia] that the Pe- 
tition of William Claiborne, senior, being presented to them 
for a Grievance to be laid before his Maj . royal consideration ; — 
they have given in the same separately as an affair which con- 
cerns a whole peculiar Province and which has heretofore been 
before his Maj. Royal Father and Privy Council, without any 
decision being made therein — It is now again humbly tendered 
to his Majesty to determine, and to remain under consideration 
till such time as the persons concerned or some sent over by the 
Pet" shall arrive to negotiate the same in England "which we 
are not empowered or concerned to do." 
(Colonial Papers.) 


March 13, 1676-7 
Representation of the Colony and Assembly of Vir- 
ginia — signed by W. Claiborne — to his Maj. Commiss" for 
the settlement of Virginia in these troublesome times of Re- 
bellion and General disturbances. In all time, since the dis- 
solution of the Virginia Patent, they have received assurances 
under the broad seal of England and many Declarations from 
the then King that their estates should be consented and in no 
sort prejudiced — During which time the petif Col. Claiborne 
hath been resident in Virginia and enjoyed as a Councillor and 
Secretary of State there, the benefits thereof. And by virtue of 
Commissions under his Maj. Government & seal of Virginia 
and by express directions from the Commissions under the 
broad seal of England did discover and plant the isle of Kent — 
From this time it continued under the government of Virginia 


and men arrested at the isle of Kent for felonies &c. were re- 
tiimed to appear at James City — but Lord Baltemore's officers 
came & expelled us by force of arms several times and hanged 
oiir men without trial or just cause given; they also took away 
our goods, servants and cattle and displanted us at Palmer's 
Island, out of their limits in Susquehanah river — All this they 
did in spite of his Maj. commands to the contrary not to molest 
(Colonial Papers.) 

(To be Continued) 



Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell 
Street, W. C. London, (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. 
Waters, not before printed.). 

George Martin of Dublin Esquire, Doctor of Physicke. 

Will 29 July 1746 ; proved 3 February 1755. To my sister Mrs. 

Letitia Campbell £100 for herself and children. To John son 

of my nephew John Gait deceased and 3 daughters of deceased 

£200. To Mrs. Ann Tombe widow £5 and £1. Is. Od. each 

Christmas for life and to her sister Mrs. Sarah Tombe £5. To 

poor of Caple Street Meeting £5. To my relation and servant 

Alexander Stewart of Woodtowne county Meath my interest 

in lands of KUcoskin and £40 to stock the same. To Andrew 

Stewart of Milltown £5. To neice Agnes Cunningham widow, 

household goods in house she holds from me in Mary Lane 

Dublin which I distrained for aiTears of rent and all rent she 

owes me. To cousin Samuel Martin of London Esq and nephew 

Samuel Campbell Esq £10 each. Lands in Milltown county 

Meath, charged with £400 for children of my Brother James 

Martin as follows, nephew John Martin £100, neice Agnes 

Cimningham £200, niece Letitia Thomas £100, to be held in 

trust by Samuel Martin and Samuel Campbell for my Brother 

Colonel John Martin and his heirs. Executor: Brother John 

Martin. Witnesses: Tho: Pageitt, Richd Thwaites, Ben: 

Johnston, N. P. 

Prerogative Court of Ireland 

will book 1754-5 fo. 

[Col. William Byrd describing his return from his "Progress to the 
Mines" (Governor Spotswood's iron-works at Germanna) tells of a 
night spent at the home of Col. John Martin, in Caroline County about 
eight miles from Caroline C. H. and four miles from the Mattapony 
River at Norman's Ford. During a long talk at night, says Byrd, "We 
were forced to go as far as the Kingdom of Ireland, to help out our con- 
versation. There, it seems, the Colonel had an elder brother, a physi- 
cian, who threatens him with an estate sometime or other." That the 
doctor kept his promise is shown by the will printed above. For a note 
on Col. John Martin, see this Magazine XIII, 197-199.) 


Richard Chichester [late of Virginia beyond seas, deceased — 
Probate Act]. Will 16 May, 1743; proved 15 March, 1745-6. 
To Wife Ellen Chichester my Negro Wench, Barbara and Mo- 
latto Girl Hannah, with their Increase, and my Negro Boy 
Prince, likewise my Chair and Sorrel Horses belonging to it, 
and my Horse Rover, and her Saddle and Furniture. Also to 
my wife £500 Sterling out of Estate in England, also use of 
Plantations where I live known by name of " Fairweathers" 
with Stocks, use of eight working Negroes during widowhood, 
and after her marriage or death, said Plantations, &c., to Son 
Richard Chichester. To Son John Chichester my Plantation in 
Lancaster County, known by the Name of "Newsoms" and 
six good Negroes, Stock, &c. To my four Daughters, Elizabeth, 
Ellen, Mary, and Hannah, each £500 sterHng at marriage or 
age of 21, &c., also to each a Negroe to wait on them. To Son 
John Chichester Black Stone Horse called "Potomack" and 
my big Grey Colt "Jugler" (or Ingler), Household goods in 
England to Sons John and Richard. All Plate, Rings, Clocks, 
Jewells, &c. in England or Virginia to wife and children. If 
wife with child, and a son to him at 21 £1,000, and if a daughter 
£500, &c. To son Richard Chichester £500 sterling out of 
Estate in England, to Son John Chichester, all Estate, real and 
personal, in England. To Son Richard Chichester all Land, 
Negroes, &c. in Virginia not disposed of, &c. To son John 
Chichester his Estate at 21 . Executtrix : Wife Ellen Chichester. 
Executor: Son John Chichester. Trustees: Joseph Carter, 
Robert Mitchell, and Joss. Ball, Gentlemen, to manage for sons 
John and Richard Chichester. Witnesses : Joseph Carter, Ann 
Carter, Gawen Lawry, Michael Dillon. Proved in Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury by John Tucker and Richard Tucker, 
Esqrs., Attorneys for Ellen Chichester, widow, mother of 
John Chichester, a minor, till of age. Administration 28 
May 1763 to Richard Chichester brother and one of the 
executors of John Chichester, deceased, the son and executor 
of said Richard Chichester late of Virginia deceased, the 
wife Ellen Chichester having formerly renounced and said 
John surviving the testator but himself dying before taken 
as executor and the grant to Richard Tucker and John Tucker 


expiring by reason of John attaining 17 years. Administration 9 
June, 1803 of Richard Chichester of Virginia, deceased, 
to WilHam Murdock, as to administration (with will annexed) 
of the son John Chichester, deceased, as to goods left unadmin- 
istered by his brother Richard Chichester, also deceased, 
for use of Sarah Chichester, Widow, relict and executrix of 
will of said Richard Chichester, now residing in the County 
of Fairfax in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United 
States of America, Ellen Chichester, widow, having formerly 
deceased, and administration to Richard Tucker and John 
Tucker, Esqrs. having ceased by John Chichester having at- 
tained seventeen years, &c. 

Edmunds, 79. 

[The Virginia branch of the ancient and wide-spread English family of 
Chichester has been recently authoritatively traced to its English source. 
At Raleigh, Arlington, Hall and elsewhere in Devon, and in Ireland, the 
family was of note. A "History of the Chichester Family" by Sir A. P. 
B. Chichester, Bart. (London, 1871) is in the library of this Society, 
presented by Captain Arthur Mason Chichester of Leesburg, Va. An 
account of the Virginia Chichesters may be found in Hayden's "Vir- 
ginia Genealogies," pp. 91-95, 106-109. An abstract of the will of 
Richard Chichester, the emigrant, (proved June 12, 1734, in Lancaster 
County, Va.) is given on page 93. 

Following is an account of the Widworthy branch of the family from 
which the Virginia line came. It began with John Chichester, third 
son of John Chichester, of Raleigh. 

John Chichester, son of John Chichester of Raleigh and Johanna 
Brett, inherited from his father the Manor of Widworthy. He married 
November 6, 1538, Katherine, daughter of Thomas Piard of Taustock, 

John Chichester of Widworthy, eldest son of John Chichester and Kath- 
erine Piard, buried at Widworthy, February 19, 1609. Will proved 
Archdeacon's Court, 1609; married Doroth}^ daughter of Hugh Dau- 
beney of Waxford, Somerset. Buried at Widworthy the 18th of Octo- 
ber, 1598. 

Hugh Chichester of Widworthy, eldest son of John Chichester and 
Dorothy Daubeney, baptized at Widworthy June 7, 1573; buried Feb- 
ruary 22, 1641 at Widworthy; married Martha, daughter of Richard 
Duke, of Otterton, County Devon. 

Richard Chichester, oldest son and heir of Hugh Chichester and 
Martha Duke, baptized at Widworthy, June 13, 1600, died in his father's 
life time, buried at Widworthy 17th of March, 1G3S; married Joan, 
daughter of John Smithes of Kington, County Somerset; married at 
Kington 22nd of May, 1625; buried at Widworthy 5th of August, 1643. 

John Chichester of Widworthy, heir to his grand-father, Hugh, bap- 
tized at Widworthy 11th of October, 1626, buried June 11, 1061; will 
dated June 3, 1661; married Margaret, daughter of John Ware of Haller- 
ton and Silverton, County Devon, and his wife Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Dart of Silverton. 


John Chichester of Widworthy, eldest son of John Chichester and 
Margaret Ware, born 1649, buried at Widworthy 25th of October, 1702. 
Will dated 29th of April, 1693; married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Court of Lillisdon, buried at Widworthy, December 7, 1711. Had no 

Richard Chichester, second son of John Chichester of Widworthy and 
Margaret Ware, bom at Silverton tlie 5th of March, baptized the 16th 
of March, 1657; married Anna — ; came to Virginia in 1702, bringing with 
him his son John. He married a second wife in Virginia, Anna China 
nee Fox; bought lands in Lancaster County. Will dated April 14, 1734. 

John Chichester, son of Richard Chichester and Anna — , baptized at 
Widworthy, May 10, 1681, died in Virginia, 1728. Married Elizabeth 
Symes of Dorset, England, buried at Powerstock, Dorset, January, 

Richard Chichester, son of John Chichester and Elizabeth Symes, 
died in England, December 30, 1743, buried at Powerstock, January 3rd. 
Married July 3, 1734, Ellen Ball, daughter of Col. William Ball and Han- 
nah Beale, and lived at "Fairweathers," Lancaster County, Virginia.] 

William Williamson [of St. Mary, Whitechapel, Middle- 
sex-Probate Act Book] of London, Merchant. Will 10 Feb- 
ruary 1722-3; proved 24 February 1722-3. To be buried 
with my parents in Foulford Church Yard, County of York, 
under a plaine Stone with only my name and age engraven, for 
such interment £100 to be laid out, and if not laid out residue 
to poore of Foulford. "Item. I order and Direct that all my 
just Debts be fully paid and Satisfied. Item. I give, devise, 
and bequeath unto William Welch, Natural Son of Susamiah 
Welch, of Nancemond County in Virginia, widow, all my right, 
title, and Interest at, in, or to one Stone house. Situate and be- 
ing in Hampton Town in Elizabeth Citty and County in Vir- 
ginia, with land, &c., now supposed to be in possession of Ed- 
ward Kearney, being recorded in said County Court and my 
Title in hands of said Edward Kearney. Also to said William 
Welch £100 to be put out at interest by my Executor in Great 
Britain and profits paid annually to Virginia till he is 21, &c., 
but if he die said legacy to my Sister Annoball Newhan of Foul- 
fard. Widow, her son Jonas Annobell, her Daugthers Alice and 
EUinor, Annaball, &c. To my god son Francis Robinson £10 
to be paid to his father John Robinson of London, Gentlemen. 
To said John Robinson and his present wife Frances £10 apiece. 
To George Capper of London, Sadlier, and wife Ellen, ditto. 
To Elizabeth Newnham of London, Spinster, ditto. To my 
Nephew William Stavele, of Foulforth aforesaid, all my Garden 


and Tract in Lordship of Gate Foulforth known by name of 
Dilwod Croft, £ 100 at 21 , &c. And if he dies to his brother, &c. 
To Sister Rebecca Patrick of City of York, Widow, £100. To 
my Niece Elizabeth Wade £100. 

Richmond, 41. 

Peter Hooker of London, Tallow chandler intending to 
voyage to Virginia in the good shipp called the Globe of London. 
Will 6 August 1636; proved 22 November 1639. To the poor 
of Chilcombe cotmty Southampton 20s. To my Aimt Stroud 
£5 out of my adventure. To my imcle Egers children 20s. 
a-piece out of my Adventure. To my Cosen Anne Hooker my 
tmcle Richard's daughter £3 out of Adventure. To her brother 
Richard 40s. To Henry Hooker my imcle Peter's son 40s. at 
21 years. To his brother Nicholas the like sum. To Sibell 
Hooker my imcle Peter's daughter 20s. To Richard Wood's 
children Hannah, John and Samuel 20s. apiece. I give to my 
brother John Hooker all my goods that I left in his hands and 
£30 to be paid out of my Adventure. If my brother John die 
before the legacy is due to be paid then to his son John Hooker. 
If both hap to dye then to my executor or his children. I con- 
stitute my beloved brother Edward Hooker my executor to 
whom I bequeath the residue of my Estate. I intreate my uncle 
Edward Hooker and my cosen John Wood to be my Overseers 
to them 10s apiece for to buye a paire of gloves. 
Witnesses : Edwd Hooker, Richd Potter, George Stratton. 

Harvey, 187. 

Robert Dinwiddie, Esq. formerly of Colony of Virginia 
in North America, but late of the City of Bristoll, Esq., deceased. 
Will proved 9 October 1770— Probate Act Book. 


COUNCIL PAPERS 1698-1700. 

(From the original volume in the Virginia State Library) 


Order in Regard to Letters of Denization 

At the Court at Kensington 
s.s. .the 18th of January 1699 


The Kings most Excellent Maj*'^ In Council 

Upon Reading this Day at y« Board a report from M"" Attor- 
ney & M"" Solicitor Generall In y** words following. 

May it Please yo^ Maj''^ 

In Obedience to their Excellencies y'^ Lords Justices ord"" of 
reference in Councill the 3*^ of Novemb"" 1698, Wee have Consid- 
ered of y'' anexed representation of y'' Councill of Trade and thee 
papers thereunto anexed relateing to y'' granting of Letters of 
Denization by y*^ Governors in y*' plantations, and by y*^ presi 
dents Shewed unto us wee find y*" usall Method of granting Deni- 
zation in the plantations hath been by Acts of Assembly of w''^ 
Sev'll Instances have been Shewed to us. Viz* By an Act passed 
In y« Gen'll Assembly of y'^ Province of Maryland y'' 10th of 
June 1697 Stephen ffrancis an Italian and George Slaumbe a 
German were Naturalized and thereby Vested with all y^ Rights 
and Privileges of naturall born Subjects of y*^ province and y* 
there by another act passed in the Same Assembly y'" 30th of 
March 1698, one Peter Dowdee a frenchman was in Like manner 
Naturalized But in both the said Acts there is an Express pro- 
visoe y* they Shall not be Constructed to Enable or qualify y^ s"^ 
Persons to hold or enjoy any place office Calling or Employ- 
ment prohibited by an Act of Parhamcnt jnade In y^ 7''' & 8''' 


Years of your Maj*' Reign for preventing frauds and regula- 
ting Abuses in y^ Plantations trade or any other Statute Law 
In England. 

And Wee Likewise find that in November 1697, Coll: Benja- 
min ffletcher then Gove"" of the Pro\'ince of New York Did 
Grant Letters of Denization und"" y^ Seale of y* s"^ Province 
unto one Arnold Nodine a Foreigner in which Grant there is a 
Clause to Enable y^ s'* Nodine to take & hold Lands Tenem** 
hereditam*^ &c. to himself his heirs and Assignes In fee Simple 
w*** power to Sue and be Sued, and to enjoy all other rights and 
Priviledges as a naturall bom Subject of y* Province w*'' out any 
Restriction or regard to y^ s"* Act of Navigation or any other 
Statute of England, But wee do not find y* y* s'* Coll : ffletcher 
had any Express power by his Comissions to grant any Letter 
of Denization. 

And Wee are humbly of Opinion y* y^ Gov" of y« plantations 
ought not to grant Letters of Denizations unless they were Ex- 
pressly Authorized So to do by their Comissions and y' noe 
Acts of Denization or Naturalization in any of y^ plantations 
will qualifie any person to be master of a ship w*'' in any of y* 
Statutes made in this Kingdom w"^ require masters of Ships to 
be Englishmen. 

All which is most humbly Submitted 
to yo"" Maj^' Royall Wisdom. 
Tho: Trevor 
Jno Hawles 

His Maj''^ in Councill approveing y^ representation Is Pleased 
to ord"" y* Letters of Denization be not Granted by any of y« 
Gover" of his Maj*'* Plantations otherwise then according to y* 
Opinion of M' Attumy and M^ Solicitor Gen 11 Sett forth in 
their s** report and the Lords Comissioners of Trade and Plan- 
tations are to give notice of his Maj''^ Pleasure herein to y*" Re- 
spective Gov" of his maj''* plantations'accordingly — 

John Povey 

A true Copy Examined by y^ 
Originall in y*" hands of y*' L**" 
Com" for trade and Plantations 
Wm. Popple. 



White hall ffeb'ry y« 16*^^ 

S' 1700 

His Maj"^ having been pleased by ord'' In Council of y^ IS*'' 
of Jan'ry Last, to require us to Signifie his pleasure unto y^ 
respective Gov" of his plantations America relateing to y^ grant- 
ing of Letters of Denization by y^ s** Gov" in y® s"^ plantations 
wee Send you here inclosed a Copy of y® s*^ ord"' for yo"^ Direction 
and Goverment in y'' behalfe So bid you heartily farewell. 
Yo"" very Loveing fifriends 



Ph: Meadows 

WiUiam Blathwayt 

John Pollexf en 

Abr. Hill 

George Stepney. 

Order in Regard to a Pirate 

ffeb'ry 2V^ 


A Letter having been Comunicated to us from one Henry 
Mimday Comand"" of a merch*^ Ship Called y® John Hopewell 
of London, to his owners dated upon y® Coast of Guinea in 
Novemb'' Last wherein he gives an account of his haveing been 
plundered by a Pyrate named Henry King who formerly used y^ 
Pen Silvania trade and of nine of his owne men haveing forsaken 
him and run away w*** y^ s"^ Pyrate wee Send you here inclosed 
a List of their names y* if any of y'm happen to Come into your 
Goverm* you may Cause y'm to be apprehended and take Such 
Care for bringing y'm to Condign punishment as by his Maj''° 
has been directed. 

Coll. Nicholson 

The name of the Pyrate v;*'^ is mentioned is Henry King. 


and ye names of Nicholas Gillefrand, John 

M'' Munday's Burton, Leonard Rawlings, 

men y* went w*^** Edward Arterberry, Emanuel 

y® Pyrate are : a Portugeze, John Sanders, 

Wm. Parker of Sunderland, 
John Harris of London, ffrancis 
Brown a negro. 

Secretary Vernon to Governor Nicholson. 

Whitehall June 29'^ 1700 

The Duke of Shrewesbury having obtained his Ma'^^ Leave to 
resigne his Office of Lord Chamberlaine of his Ma'*' Houshold, 
by reason of his want of health to attend y* same, His Maj *** has 
been pleased to conferr y* Office on y« Earl of Jersey His Ma'* 
not haveing yet appointed One to Succeed in the Place of Secre- 
tary of State, It will be my Part in the interim to correspond w**^ 
you in what may relate to y* Service of his Maj*'^ & the PubHck. 
In the Discharge whereof I shaU upon all Occasions endeavour 
to assure you that I am 

Y' most faithfull 
himible servant 

Ja Vernon 
Coll: Nicholson. 

Lords of the Admiralty to the Governor of Virginia. 

Admiralty Office 21"^ June 1700 

You will herew"* receive sevrall passes to be disposed of as 
y* inclosed Instruccon from my L**' of y* Admiralty direct for 
y* secureing of Ships & Vessells of his Ma''*" Subjects from y* 
Algerines, and for yo"" better guidance how to fill up y* Blanks 
in y* s"^ passes I send you one of y'm so filled up for a Sample 


You will alsoe receive in y^ box w*^ y* passes sevrall Oathes 
& bonds some of w*''' Oathes are for English built Shipps & y« 
rest for forreigne built Ships made free & part of y® bond are for 
Ships trading Coastwise in y^ plantacons the other for such as 
trade from y* plantacons to Europe, Samples of w"** Oathes & 
bonds w*** y^ Blanks filled up I send you for yo'' guidance in y« 
doing thereof before you fill up or deliver y* passes. 

And whereas you will find by y^ Instructons that a Registary 
must be sent to this Office of all passes delivered out by you, I 
send you likewise a Scheme shewing in w* manner y« s*^ Registry 
is to be kept I desire you'll owne y* receipt thereof & remaine. 

Yo"' most humble Serv* 

To y^ Govern'' of Virg'a. 

By y* Com" for Executeing y*" Ofhce of L'' High Admiral of 
England, Ireland &c. 

Instructions to ffrancis Nicholson, Esq' Govemoiir of Vir- 
ginia, our Vice Admirall, and to the Govemour or Comander 
in chief e there for the time being. 

Whereas his Maj*^ by his Order in Councill Dated y*' 6*^ of 
this present Moneth of June hath been pleased to direct that 
Passes shall be sent to y^ respective Govemours or Comanders 
in Chiefe of his Plantations & to y* Collectors of his Customes in 
such Plantations in America as are under proprietors & Charter 
Govemm*^ as also to y* severall Consvds in Portugal, Spaine * 
Italy in order to their being distributed by y'm from time to 
time to such Ships & Vessells of his Maj*'"^ Subjects as shall be- 
long to these Plantacons or Governments respectively, or come 
into y^ Ports of the afores*^ Kingdomes for securing them from y* 
Ships of Algiers. Wee do therefore herew*^^ send you sevrall of 
y* s*^ passes & direct & require you to goveme yourselfe in the 
disposall of y* same & such others as shall from time to time be 
sent you according to y' rules hereafter prescribed, (viz*.) 

P* The aforesaid Government of Algiers having given no 
longer time than to September next for all Shipps belonging to his 
Maj"*^ Subjects their being provided w*'' Passes & declared that 
such as shall be mett w*'' bv their Cruisers without Passes after 


that time shall be carried up & their Goods confiscated. You are 
therefore imediately upon yo"" receipt hereof, to give notice of y' 
same to all persons concerned w**" in the District of yo' Govemm* 
that so they may take care to provide themselves with passes for 
security of their Tracfe & Navigation, not only from his Ma*'^' 
Plantations to Europe, but from one plantation to another, and 
accordingly You are to deliver Passes to all such Shipps & Ves- 
sells as shall appear to you to be qualified to trade. 

2 — That you are to take care that no such Pass be given for 
any Shipp or Vessell, imless you are satisfied that she is at the 
same time in some port, or place within the District of yo' 

3 — Nor is any such Pass to be given, untiU y^ Master of y* 
Shipp or Vessell for which it is demanded has made Oath, eithe^ 
before yo''selfe or some person within yo'' Govemm*, who has 
power to administer y* Same, that he hath no other Pass, or 
in case he has any, untill such former Pass be delivered up. 

4 — And before y^ Delivery of any Pass every Master is to 
give Bond to you for his Maj''^^ use, with one good Surety in y* 
sume of one hundred pounds Sterling Penalty if the Shipp or 
Vessell appeare to be above one hundred Tuns for the rctume 
& delivery of his Pass to y^ L** high Admirall, or Com" for Exe- 
cuteing y« Office of Lord high Admirall for the time being, or to 
yo*" selfe or some other person entrusted w*** the delivering out of 
Passes within the time, or according to the other Conditions 
exprest in the following Article — And for yo' better guidance 
herein, wee send you Termes of Severall printed Bonds & 
Oathes, with one of each kind shewing in what manner they are 
to be filled up. 

5 — That y^ Passes for all Shipps entring Outwards in any of 
his Maj*'''^ Plantations Coastwise, or for any other of his Ma*''*' 
Plantations do continue in force for one year and no longer; 
and all passes for Shipps entring Outwards, in y* s^ Plantations 
for Africa, or Europe are to determine either at y" Expiration 
of One yeare, or upon their retume & being unloaden in any of 
his Maj'''^" Plantations or their arrivall, & being unloaden in 
some part of England, Wales or Berwick upon Tweed according 
as it shall first happen. And the aforementioned Bonds are to 


be filled up for the delivering up of y« s*^ Passes at the expiration 
of such Terme or Voyage accordingly, with a Saveing to the 
Master & others concem'd in case of Capture or Shipwreck. 
And whereas it may so happen that a Shipp or Vessell receiveing 
a pass from y® Govemour or Comander in Cheife of any of 
his Maj"®^ plantations, or other person intrusted with the de- 
livery of passes may not have opportimity of delivering up that 
pass to y* person from whom he rec'd the same, & gave Bond 
to, in case the said pass shall be delivered within the time limit- 
ted by the aforegoing Article to any other person, who is appoin- 
ted to deliver out passes the s^ person is to give a Certificate to 
the Master of y* Ship or Vessell that he had returned y« pass to 
him, upon proceeding of which Certificate to y® person to whom 
y« Bond was given, the s^ Bond is to be delivered up And you 
are accordingly to take notice of & to cause it to be put in Execu- 
tion as far forth as it relates to you. 

6 — ^You are to take particular Care that a perfect Register be 
kept by you of every pass you deliver out, in pursuance of y® 
aforegoing Directions according to y^ Scheme hereimto annexed. 
Transcripts of w'^^ Register you are quarterly to transmitt to 
this Office in Order to y* makeing up one entire Register & Al- 
phabett of passes given out from his Majestyes plantations. 

7 — ^And it being his Maj*'^^ pleasure, that for y^ better pre- 
venting any indirect use, or Misapplication of y^ s"^ passes, y° 
Govemours, Comanders in Cheife & Collectors in y^ sevrall 
plantations (mencioned in y« paper hereimto annexed) shall by 
every oppertunity comunicate to each other y^ like Trans- 
cript of y* Registers of passes. You are to take care to comply 
with the same accordingly. 

8 — And his Maj*'^° having further declared his pleasure that 
these passes shall be delivered gratis, & y* neither the Masters 
or Owners of such Ships or Vessells as receive y^ same, shall be 
put to further Charge on any consideration whatsoever, than 
that of twelve pence for each as his Maj"" due for the Stamp, 
You are to take perticular y* y^ same be strictly complyed with 
and to demand from y« Masters of all such Ships & Vessells, 
who shall receive Passes from you, as often as you do deliver y® 
same to them, one shilling for y'^ Stamp for his Maj*'®* use, and 


transmitt an accoxint thereof from time to time to our Secretary, 
and you are also to take effectual care for sending y® s^ money 
by all convenient oppertimities to this Office. 

Lastly — You are likewise further required to give us early 
Notice from time to time, when it may be necessary-- to send unto 
you supplys of passes that so y® same may be dispatched to you 
accordingly, & y^ Trade of his Maj*'*^^ Subjects not be exposed 
for want thereof. 

Dated at the Admiralty Office this 2pt day of June 1700. 
J Bridgwater 
D Mitchell 
Geo: Churchill 
By Comand of their Lords'pp^ 
J Burchell 

By the Comissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High 
Admirall of England. 

Suffer the Ship Providence of Virginia whereof James Wood is 
Master, Burthen about One Hundred Tons, mounted with Six 
Gvms and Navigated with Twelve men. Eight his Maj*'^^ Sub- 
jects English built. But if a fforreign built Shipp it must be said 
ifoireign built made free, to passe with her Company, Passen- 
gers, Goods and Merchandizes, w'^'out any Lett, hindrance. 
Seizure or molestation ; the s*^ Shipp appearing unto us by good 
testimony to belong to the Subjects of his Maj''«, and to no 

Given imder our hands & y^ Scale of our Office of Admirall 
at Whitehall y'' Tenth day of June in the year of our Lord One 
thousand Seven hundred. 
To all persons whom these 
may conceme. 

By Comand of their Lord'pps. 

James Wood of Virginia Marriner and Master of the Ship 
called the Providence of Virginia now at Anchor there maketh 
Oath before A. B. Govcmour of his Maj''^^ Colony of Virginia 
That the said Ship called the Providence of Virginia Burthen 


One hundred Tuns, more or less, mounted with Six Guns, and 
Navigated with Twelve men, whereof Eight are his Maj*'^' 
Subjects & four Strangers, is bound for England and that he is 
appointed the Sole Master for the said Voyage, and knows no 
other Master, is an English buUt Ship and doth belong to the 
Inhabitants of Londone and other places in the Dominions of 
his Majesty of Great Britain. And further saith, That the said 
Ship was never called by any other Name, and that he never 
had a former Pass for her. 

Or if called by any other name it must be filled up thus — 
And that the said Ship was formerly called y^ Adventure, and 
that the last Pass he rec'd for her is returned to the Govemour 
of Virginia. 

Jurat. That the Contents abovesaid 
are true to the best of his knowledge, 


Oath of a Master of an English-built Ship 

James Wood of Virginia Mariner and Master of the Ship 
called the Providence of Virginia now at Anchor there maketh 
Oath before A. B. Govemour of his Maj*'«^ Colony of Virginia 
That the said Ship called y"* Providence of Virginia, Burthen 
about One hund^ Tons more or less, mounted w*'' Six Guns, and 
Navigated with Twelve men, whereof Eight are his Maj*'*^ Sub- 
jects, and ffour Strangers, bound for England, and whereof he 
is appointed the Sole Master for the s'l Voyage, and knows of 
no other Master, is a fforreign built Ship — made ffree, and doth 
wholly belong to the Inhabitants of London and other places in 
the Dominions of his Majesty of Great Britain. That the said 
Ship was never called by any other name, and that he never had 
a former passe for her. 

Or if called by any other name, it must be filled up thus. 

And that the s^ Ship was formerly called y^ Adventure, and 
that y® last pass he rec'd for her is returned to the Govemour 
of Virginia. 

That the said Ship was never called by any other name, and 
that he never had a former passe for her. 


And that the s*^ Ship became English Propriety as by Certifi- 
cate from S"" John Shaw, Baron*' Collector of the Customes 
dated the 25*^ June 1689 does appeare. 

Jurat, That the Certificate of the 
freed ome of this Shipp produced 
and the Contents af ores'*, are true 
to the best of his knowledge 

Coram me 

Oath of a Master for a ffree Shipp, 

[There follows, in Latin, some bond, about which, in English, 
is the following condition.] 

The Condicon of this Obligation is such. That whereas the 
above bound James Wood hath rec'd a Pass from A. B. Gover- 
nour of his Maj*'*"^ Colony of Virginia for the good Ship called 
the Providence of Virginia and whereof he the s** James Wood is 
Master, bearing date, w*"* these p'sents, Now if the s** James 
Wood shall deliver or cause to be delivered up the s** Pass to 
the Secretary of the Admiralty, or to the Govemour of Virginia 
for the time being or any other person entrusted w*** y* delivery 
of Passes, in any of his Maj''^' Plantations or elsewhere, either 
at the Expiration of One year from the date hereof, or upon the 
Shipps', retume, & being unloaden in some part of England, 
Wales, or Town of Berwick upon Tweed, or her arrivall or being 
unloaden in any of his Maj*'^- Plantations, unless she shall 
happen to be taken by pirats, or be Cast away & Shipwrecked; 
Then this Obligation to be void & of more effect, or else it shall 
remaine in full force 8c virtue. 
Sealed & delivered 
in the p''sence of [Blank] 

Bond for a Ship or Vessell entring Outwards in y' Plantations 
of Africa or Europe. 


The Condicon of this Obligacon is such. That whereas the 
above bound James Wood hath rcc'd a Pass from A. B. Govern' 


of his Maj*'*^ Colony of Virg'a for y® good Ship called the Provi- 
dence of Virginia & whereas he y® s*^ James Wood is Master bear- 
ing date w**" these p'"sents Now if y^ s*^ James Wood shall deliver 
or cause to be delivered up y* s^ Pass to y'' Govemour of his 
Maj*'^" Colony of Virg'a for y^ time being or any other person 
entrusted w*"" y^ deliv'y of Passes in any of his Maj*'^' Planta- 
tions, at the Expiration of One year from y^ date hereof, imless 
the Ship shall happen to be taken by Pirats or be Cast away & 
Shipwrecked : Then this Obligation to be void and of none Effect; 
or else it shall remain in full force & virtue. 
Sealed and delivered 
in the p'sence of [Blank] 

Bond for a Ship or Vessell entring outwards in the Planta- 
tions Coastwise or for any other of his Maj*'®' Plantations. 
[Form of the Registry for Passes on separate sheet] 

An ace* of the Several! Plantations to which Passes are Sent. 
Jamaica Virginia New Hamshire. 

Barbadoes Maryland 

Leew*^ Islands New York 

Bermudas Massachusetts Bay 

Plantations under Proprietors & a Charter Govemmn*. 
Bahama Islands East & West New Jersey 

Carolina Connecticut 

Pensilvania Rhoad Island 

Instructions in Regard to Trials. 

Whitehall Aug* the P* 1700 

Their Excellencies the L*** Justices having by Order in Coun- 
ciU of y^ IS*'' of July last, required us to signify their pleasure 
unto the respective Govemours of his Maj"^^ Plantations in 
America, as well such as are granted in Propriety as such as are 
Governed by Comission from his Maj*'^ relateing to the method 
of proceedings in the severall Courts upon Tryalls of all sorts of 
Causes in the s^ Courts in those parts respectively, wee send 


you here inclosed a Copy of the s*^ Order, that you may observe 
the same in transmitting to us the ace* thereby required, with 
relacon to his Maj*'*' Province of Virginia as soon as possible. 
So we bid you heartily farewell. 

Yo' very Loving Friends 
Ph: Meadows Ab^ Hill 

John Pollexfen Geo: Stepney 

M Prior. 
Coll. Nicholson. 

At the Councill Chamber at Whitehall the 18»»> day of July 
s. s. Present 

Their Excellencies the Lords Justices in Councill. 

It is this day Ordered by their Excellencys the Lords Justices 
in Councill that directions be sent to y® respective Govemours 
of his Maj ''^* plantations in America, as well such as are granted 
in Propriety, as such as are Governed by Comission from his 
Majesty, to transmitt an ace* to y* Lords Comissioners for 
trade & plantations in the most perticular manner, of y° 
method of proceedings in the severall Courts upon Tryalls of 
all Sorts of Causes in the s^ Courts, in those parts respectively: 
and that the same be comunicated by their Lords'pps to this 
Board, for his Maj*'^' better information in the determining of 
Appeales from y^ plantacons; And the Lords Com""* for Trade 
8c plantations are to signifie their Excellency's pleasure herein, 
to the s"^ respective Govemours accordingly. 

John Povey 
A true Copy 

Wm. Popple, 
ffor his Maj''"' especiall Service. 

For the hon'ble Francis Nicholson Esq"" his Maj*'*" L* & 
Govern "■ Genrall of his Maj*'*"* Colony of Virginia in America, 
Or for y" Comander in Chief e of that Colony for the time 


266 virginia historical magazine. 

Board of Trade and Plantations to the Governor of 

Whitehal. Aug* the 2P* 1700 

We have rec'd yo' Letter of the 10"" of June last, with many 
Papers therein mentioned and referred to. 

We congratulate the Success you have had in yo'' late Enter- 
prize against the Pirats ; And take this occasion to tell you that 
wee hope that all difficulties that might arise about the Conduct 
of the Governors of any of his Majesties Plantations towards 
Piratts will hereafter be in great measure removed, by an Act 
past here the Last Session of Parliam' for the more Effectuall 
Suppression of Pyracy, And the Comissions w*^"^ are now pre- 
paring to be sent thither in pursuance of y^ s'^ Act, not doubting 
but the same will also be very Effectuall towards the Suppres- 
sion of Pyracy as intended. 

What you write concerning Navigation Bonds (w'=^ we take 
to be much what y^ same Case in Virginia as in Maryland) is 
proper for y^ consideracon of the Com" of the Customs, & by 
them to be laid before y^ L"*^ Comission" of y'^ Treasury from 
whom all Directions in matters relateing to his Maj"^« Revenue 
must come; and there are many other things in yo"" s*^ Letter 
w"^ belong to y^ Care of y^ Lords Com" of y^ Admiralty, & 
others to other Offices concerning w'''^ you have not observed 
y" advice and the reason of our so advising w"^ we gave you in 
Ours of y^ 4*'' of January last, and have thereby left us doubtful 
whether it were necessary for us to Comunicate y^ Copies of 
what we receive from you unto them, or what else might be 
fit for us to do therein, w'^'' inconvenience we therefore againe 
intreat you for y® future to prevent. 

The Care you promise in advancing his majesties Revenue, & 
y** hopes you express of being able in a year or two to Build a 
house for his Maj*'^^ Governor are very acceptable things, and 
as we doubt not of yo"" endeavours therein we hope they will 
accordingly prove Successfull. 

We are glad also to Observe that you were taking care about 
the Revisal of the Lawes of Virg'a according to what we Ex- 
plained to you of the Sence of his Maj*''^' Instruccon ab* that 


matter, in our aforesaid Letter of y' 4*^ of January; And hope 
we shall accordingly e're long receive them so Revised, that we 
thereby may be enabled to consider them in Order, & offer our 
opinion thereupon to his Maj*'®, w'^'' we cannot now. do upon 
these last rec'd, for want of a perfect & Authentick Collection of 
the whole, And we desire you therefore to make what dispatch 
you can therein. 

We have found an inconvenience from some of his Maj*'*'^ 
Plantations, in having private Acts fastened together under the 
same Seal with those y* are of a public nature, the one proving 
sometimes an obstruccon to y^ dispatch of y^ other; And we 
therefore desire you (as we have done other Governors) when- 
soever any such private Acts come to be past in Virginia to take 
care y* they be sent each of y'm under a Separate Seal, and that 
the persons concerned therein be advised to direct some of their 
friends here to Sollicit their Dispatch with the Attorney or Solli- 
citor Generall and to furnish those friends with all memorials 
necessary to enable y'm to give information in any Doubts or 
Enquiries that may be made thereupon. 

Tho' M"" Penn have given us a particular account of his hav- 
ing applied himself (since his arrival in Pensilvania) to y^ refor 
mation of the irregularities w"'' have been in y* Province, it is 
very acceptable to us to receive the confirmation thereof from 
You, and to understand yo"" readiness to Correspond w*'' him 
as w*'* the Earle of Bellemont & Colonel Blakiston, in anything 
for his Maj*''=* Service; And whensoever it shall happen that you 
can all of you meet together to consult of y^ mutual Welfare of 
your respective Govemm*^, we cannot but hope some good 
effect from it. 

Having lately rec'd a L'" from M"" John Moore, desiring y* 
some Salary may be appointed for his Service as Advocate in 
the Admiralty Court of Pensilvania, in which place he says you 
had put him, we desire you to let him know y' we writ you the 
4^'' January last upon the like occasion, (viz') That when any 
Salaries are Settled upon the like Officers in other places, we 
shal be ready to propose that y° same be done for him; But 
that the Consideracon of y' matter belonging more properly to 


the Lords of the Treasury, or Lords of the Admiralty, we do not 
at present think it fit for us to move anything in it. 

Upon what you write of the difficulty to get a Quorum of 
Councellors to meet together and about Colonel Lee's desiring 
to be discharged from attending upon that Service, we have 
offered to their Excellencies the Lords Justices out Opinion that 
he may be discharged accordingly, and that M' Lewis Burwell 
may be constituted a Member of his Majesties Coimcil in Vir- 
ginia in his stead. 

We have ordered oiu* Secretary to write to you upon some 
other heads of less moment; And so referring you for those mat 
ters to his Letter; We bid you heartily farewell 

Your very Loving Friends 
Ph: Meadows 
John Pollexfen 
Abr. Hill 

(To be Continued) 



From organization in 1754 to 1804 (Some later). 
Compiled by W. B. Cridlin. 

(Continued from Vol. XIX, Page 57.) 


Book Page 


Malone, Daniel 




Malone, Daniel 



62 (Inv&Apt) 

Magee, Drewry, Sen', 




McKinley, Duncan 



103 (Inv & Apt) 

Malone, Daniel 




Mason, Col. David 



51 (Acct) 

Moore, Ann 




Manry, Agnes 




Mabry, Abel 



283 (Inv&Apt) 

May, Allen 




Mitchell, Henry 




Meacham, Henry 



103 (Inv&Apt) 

Mitchel, Henry 



307 (Inv&Apt) 

Manry, Henry 




Marable, Hartwell 




Moss, Henry 




Manry, Henry 




Mason, Henry B. 




Mason, John 




Moss, John 




May, Joseph 



300 (Acct) 

Maclemore, John 




Munds, John 



162 (Acct) 

Mitchel, John 




Moss, James 



29 (Inv & Apt) 


Meacham, Joshua 1775 C 159 

Moss, John 1776 C 209 

Morgan, John 1781 C 420 

Mitchel, John 1782 D 89 

Mangum, James 1784 D 237 

Moss, Joanna 1784 D 273 

Mason, John 1787 D 348 

Mason, John (Codicil) 1785 D 343 

Montgomery, John 1790 E 54 (Inv & Apt) 

Mason, Joseph 1792 E 103 

Malone, John 1794 E 248 

Mitchel, John 1795 E 337 

Mason, John 1796 E 434 

Mitchell. Jacob 1797 F 48 

Mason, John Sen'. 1802 F 295 

Mason, Jane (Wid. of J.) 1802 F 395 

Moore, James 1804 F 450 

Malone, John 1812 G 391 

Moss, John 1812 G 391 

May, James 1818 H 537 

Munds,John 1821 I 169 

M\irphy, John 1821 I 180 (Inv & Apt) 

Massenburg, John 1823 I 347 

Moss, Mary 1775 C 192 

Moore, Martha 1776 C 202 

Mitchel, Milly 1788 D 499 

Malone, Michael 1798 F 91 

Murrell, Mary 1813 H 25 (Inv & Apt) 

Martin, Elizabeth 1756 A 60 

Moore, EHzabeth 1761 A 227 

Moss, EHzabeth 1782 D 40 

Moss, Ephriam 1792 E 98 

Magee, Gillam 1811 G 353 

Mason, Isaac 1758 A 84 

Mason, Littleberry 1807 G 87 

Moss, William 1758 A 87 (Inv & Apt) 

Metcalf, Warner 1760 A 170 (Inv & Apt) 

McMichael, William 1765 B 46 (Inv & Apt) 


Moore, William 1768 B 146 (Inv & Apt) 

Maloone, William 1774 C 135 

Mitchell, William 1778 C 312 

Mason, William 1781 C 409 

Moore, William 1781 C 410 

Moss, William 1786 D 388 

Mason, WHliam 1793 E 218 

Magee, Willey 1809 G 202 

Massenberg, William 1816 H 280 

Murphy, Warren 1816 H 305 (Inv) 

Morgan, Priscella 1758 A 105 (Acct) 

Magee, Priscella 1810 G 243 (Inv) 

Mason, Seth 1759 A 129 (Inv) 

Moore, Sarah 1771 B 327 

Moss, Seth 1777 C 263 

Moss, Sampson 1782 D 75 (Inv) 

Maggot, Samuel 1787 D 469 

Moss, Benjamin 1761 A 209 (Inv) 

Meacham, Banks 1798 F 108 

Maclemore, Burrell 1798 F 123 

Millar, Benjamin 1809 G 169 

Meacham, Banks 1809 G 354 

Malone, Nathaniel 1761 A 211 

Mitchell, Nathaniel 1771 B 304 

Massenburg, Nicholas 1772 B 344 

Mitchell, Thomas 1762 A 232 

Mimiford, Thomas 1763 A 262 

Moore, Thomas, Senr. 1765 B 56 

Masingale, Thomas 1794 E 279 

Mabry, Charles 1769 B 209 (Inv) 

Murfee, Charles 1805 F 512 

Mangum, Caty 1817 H 338 

Moore, Charles 1818 H 453 

Maclemore, Charles 1818 H 527 

Megee, Ralph 1770 B 273 

Megee, Robert 1786 D 415 

Moore, Robert 1802 F 298 

Mitchell, Reaps 1803 F 340 


Moore, Robert (a citizen of 

N. C.) 1808 G 123 (Died "Trav- 
eling in Va.") 

Murrul, Robert 1808 G 127 (Acct) 

Moore, Robert 1823 I 431 

Massenberg, Rebecca 1824 K 116 


Nicolson, John 1754 A 2 

Nicolson, John 1777 C 264 

Newsom, Jacob 1794 E 251 (Inv) 

Northcross, James 1802 F 308 

Northcross, Jane 1808 G 167 

Niblett, Benjamin 1828 L 5 (Inv) 

Nicholson, Robert 1762 A 250 

Northcross, Richard 1802 F 280 & 288 

Neaves, Daniel 1816 H 270 (Inv) 

Noevell, William 1764 B 14 (Inv) 

Nicholson, William 1797 F 5 

Niblett, William 1808 G 150 

Niblett, Palatiah 1816 H 304 

Northington, Starling 1773 C 35 (Inv) 

Neves, Susanna 1799 F 162 

Newsom, Sally 1815 H 157 

Nicholson, Lydda 1814 H 114 

Nicholson, Mary 1776 C 227 

Nicholson, Michael 1786 D 403 (Inv) 

Nicholson, Etheldred 1806 F 533 & 557 

Northington, Nathan 1777 C 278 

Nives, EHzabeth 1829 I 138 

Nicholson, Harris 1805 F 464 

Nicholson, Howell 1827 L 17 

Nicholson, Capt. Flood 1781 C 418 

Nicholson, Robert F. 1810 G 295 (Inv) 

Northcross, Frederick 1816 H 235 

Newsom, Charlotte 1789 D 561 

Newsome, Chas. S. 1819 I 59 (Inv) 

Newsom, Thomas 1785 D 289 

Newsom, Temperance 1831 L 373 



Owen, John 1783 D 131 (Inv) 

Ogbum, John 1790 E 

Owen, John 1808 G 121 

Owen, Samuel 1820 I 105 

Ogbum, Edmund 1782 D 12 

Owen, Elizabeth 1821 I 159 (Inv) 

Owen, David 1790 E 35 

Owen, Bolaam 1822 I 269 (Inv) 

Owen, Robert 1772 B 350 

Owen, Hannah 1796 E 432 

Oliver, Thomas 1760 A 162 

Ogbume, Augustine 1807 G 71 

Oliver, Asa 1819 I 79 (Inv) 

Owen, William 1763 A 265 

Oliver, William 1795 E 365 (Inv) 

Partridge, Nicolas 1756 A 46 

Parham, Nachaniel 1795 E 356 

Partridge, Nicholas 1798 F 96 (Inv) 

Pennington, Nancy 1812 G 433 

Peebles, Nathaniel 1816 H 279 

Presson, Nicholas 1828 L 61 

Pettway, Robert 1757 A 65 

Parsons, Robert 1777 C 265 

Pepper, Richard 1759 A 121 

Parham, Robert 1767 B 145 

Pettway, Robert 1772 C 14 

Pettway, Robert 1784 D 213 

Parham, Rebecca 1790 E 18 

Parham, Rebecca 1798 F 103 

Parker, Richard 1810 G 248 

Parsons, Robert 1813 H 1 

Pond, Richard 1838 M 331 (Inv) 

Pair. WilHam 1757 A 67 


Parham, William 1758 A 108 

Partridge, Wells 1765 B 29 

Parker, William 1768 B 159 

Pettway, William 1774 C 146 

Parham, William 1775 C 173 

Parker, William 1779 C 329 

Partin, William 1787 D 440 

Prince, William 1801 F 237 

Pettway, William 1804 F 442 

Pleasants, William 1809 G 176 

Porch, William 1812 G 215 (Inv) 

Parham, William 1818 H 467 

Pennington, Winiield 1823 I 432 

Parker, Sarah 1760 A 162 

Pettway, Sterling 1792 E 108 

Parham, Stith (of S. C.) 1793 E 222 

Powell Se>'mour 1794 E 300 (A letter con- 
strued as will) 

Parham, Sarah 1805 F 470 (Inv) 

Peebles, Susanna G. 1817 H 380 

Parham, Stith 1806 F 529 

Plunket, Samuel 1824 K 107 (Inv) 

Peters, Thomas 1760 A 171 (Inv) 

Pennington, Thomas 1772 B 342 

Parham, Capt. Thomas 1773 C 109 

Pate, Thomas 1774 C 110 

Peters, Thomas 1777 C 241 

Parham, Thomas 1781 C 395 

Peebles, William 1782 C 434 

Presson, Thomas 1785 D 369 

Pate, Thomas 1822 I 285 (Inv) 

Pretlow, Joshua 1762 A 241 (Inv) 

Parham, John 1764 A 313 

Pennington, John, Sr. 1766 B 77 

Pennington, John, Jr. 1766 B 78 

Pennington, Joshua 1768 B 159 

Pennington, Joseph 1768 B 175 

Paynter, John 1772 B 339 (Inv) 



Pennington, John 




Poarch, James 




Pettway, John 




Peoples, Jesse 




Phillips, James 




Parham, John 




Parham, James 




Powell, John 



94 (of Oglethorpe 
Co., Ga.) 

Porch, James 




Parham, John 




Potts, John 




Pate, John 




Pennington, John 




Parham, James L. 




Parr, John 




Parham, Ephriam 




Pettway, Edward 




Pettway, Edward 




Pate, Edward 




Pennington, Edward 




Prince, Elizabeth 




Pegram, Edwin 




Price, Ann 



49 (Inv) 

Parham, Anderson 




Porch, Ann 




Parham, Ann 




Parham, Abraham 




Parker, Archibald 



478 (Inv) 

Parham, Ann Eliza 



317 (Inv) 

(Orphan o f 

Porch, Henry 




Pride, Halcott 




Pride, Halcott 



150 (Inv) 

(In N. C. pro- 



Porch, Henry- 




Pride, Halcott 



180 (Inv) 

(Est. in Din- 
widdie Co.) 

Prince, Hannah 




Pettway, Hinchy 




Porch, Henry 




Pate, Hardy 




Pennington, Moses 



104 (Inv) 

Parham, Mathew 




Parham, Mary 




Parham, Mathew 




Pilkington, Mary 




Peters, Mathew 




Pennington, Marcus 




Porch, Peter 




Porch, Peterson 



345 (Inv) 

Prince, Patsy, Martha 



211 (Mother of 
J o h n R. 

Pennington, David 




Pennington, David 




Pleasants, Geo. 




Parham, George 




Portlock, Charles 




Pate, Cordy 



65 (Inv) 

Potts, Charles 



136 (Inv) 

Parham, Caesar 




Poarch, Israel 



168 (Will c o n- 
tested, being 
only a letter. 

Pettway, Lucy 




Parham, Lewis 




Phipps, Benjamin 




Pretlow, Benjamin 



78 (Inv) 

Parham, Booth 




Pennington, Frederick 




Parham, Frances 




(To be Continued) 



From its Formation in 1776 to the end of the Eighteenth 
Century, et seg: 

Marriage License Bonds. 

From the files of the Clerk's office, by C. B. Bryant, 
Martinsville, Va. 

Alexander, WilUam — Jean Ferguson 21 Feby., 1778 

Anderson, Robert — Elizabeth Graves 4 Sept., 1794 

Bassett, Burwell— Polly Hunter...__ 25 Jany., 1794 

Blakey, Churchill— Agnes Anthony 2 Aug., 1780 

Brown, Isham— Mary Dilloner _ 19 July, 1793 

Bernard, Walter— Ruth Hill 6 April, 1782 

Briscoe, Truman— Catherine Dunn._ 22 Dec., 1782 

Bledsoe, Peachy— Peggy George 12 July, 1780 

Bayles, William— Tabitha Minnes.__ 12 April, 1793 

Billeman, Wm— Nilly Molen._ _ 25 Dec, 1794 

Burgess, Davis — Lucy Pace 26 Jany., 1794 

Burress, Jacob — Susannah Martin 13 Mar., 1781 

Bailey, John— Lydia Wilson 18 March, 1793 

Cannon, James— Patsy Wilson 18 Dec, 1793 

Crouch, Joseph— Peggy Sanford. 20 Feb., 1778 

Cason, Edward— Lucy Edwards.^.. 27 April, 1793 

CoUey, John— Sarah France 17 Oct., 1789 

Cox, John— Leaner Boiling 6 Sept., 1791 

Clark, John— Sally Standefor..._ 4 Nov., 1779 

Cunningham, Jos. — Nancy Davis 16 July, 1793 

Cockram, Wm.— Sally Edmondson. 5 Aug., 1780 

Compton, Ebenezer — Ailcey Hopper 6 May, 1794 

Conway, John— Elizabeth Williams.- 5 Nov., 1782 


Carter, Jos. — Nanny Manifee..- 24 June, 1778 

Chewning, John — Lettie Payne...- 26 April, 1778 

Cayton, Wm.— Rachel Oakes 4 Jany., 1793 

Carter, Jos. — Mary Billion 16 Jany., 1794 

Cunningham, Wm.— Mary Pyrtle .27 Nov., 1793 

Dillener, Henry — Lucy Murphy 19 July, 1793 

Dooly, Thomas— Lucy Webb ..13 April, 1779 

Dillon, Wm.— Tabitha Witt... .....19 Dec, 1792 

Dent, Shadrick— Mary Murphy 16 Nov., 1783 

Dillon, Benjn, Jr.— Elizabeth Witty. .21 Mar., 1792 

Dillingham, Lott— Ann Dillingham 2 Mar., 1792 

Dickinson, John — Isbell Woods 2 June, 1781 

Edmundson, Humphry — Francis Swanson ...22 Nov., 1779 

Elkins, David— Mary Pedigo 6 April, 1793 

Edwards, Wm.— Elizabeth Britain... 2 Aug., 1791 

Edwards, Owen— Judith Morton... 29 Oct., 1794 

Earles, Joshua — Elizabeth Lucas. ...18 June, 1792 

Farris, Thomas— Judith Quarles 7 Jany., 1792 

Fuller, Britain— Nancy Jackson... 29 Feby., 1780 

Griffith, Wm.— Susannah Jones 25 July, 1782 

Griggs, John— Pheby Ackolas 30 July, 1792 

Goven, Wm.— Sarah Griggs ...27 Oct., 1794 

Hailey, John— Lucy Ryan 28 July, 1794 

Hunt, James— Sarah Terry 25 May, 1780 

Hampton, Laban — Leany Stephens... 6 Jany., 1794 

Hamilton, George — Agnes Cooper 18 April, 1783 

Hogans, Wm. — Nancy Dillard ...19 Jany., 1780 

Hawkins, Benj— Molly Taylor...... 1 Oct., 1778 

Hopper, Wm.— Hecter Stephens 18 May, 1793 

Hardy, Charles— Rachel Parsley 5 Feb., 1793 

Haley, Wm.— Nancy Jackson 20 Dec, 1792 

Hannah, Alex.— Sarah Pelptory 16 Oct., 1793 

Jones, Robert — Sina Richards 20 June, 1785 

Joyce, Andrew— Betsy King 25 June, 1792 

Jamerson, Thomas — Hesey Huston 2 Dec, 1794 

KeUey, John— Betty Bybee 10 Feb., 1781 

Knox, Benj. — Jemima Gardner 12 Jany., 1780 

King, Wm.— Nancy Mitchell 19 July, 1794 


Kirkham, Wm.— Elizabeth Blize 15 Dec, 1792 

Lindsey, Henry— Elizabeth Smith 26 Nov., 1791 

Letchworth, Benj.— Eleanor Adams .24 Oct., 1792 

Lyon, Stephen— Elley Perkins 11 Dec., 1782 

Lanier, Washington — Elizabeth Hicks 15 Nov., 1784 

Mitchell, Wm.— Martha Stoker 30 May, 1778 

Moore, Shater— Ann Hooker ..13 May, 1778 

McGuire, AUegania— Sarah Holliday 27 June, 1782 

Martin, Joseph — Susannah Graves 24 Feb., 1784 

Martin, Joseph— Ruth Dillard. 30 Aug., 1793 

Melvin, Levi — Elizabeth Gooch ...18 June, 1793 

Medley, John— Ann Carter....... ...30 Oct., 1797 

Melvin, Jamer — Katy Kannon 24 June, 1795 

Murphy, Gabriel — Ruth Peregoy 7 Nov., 1794 

Matthews, Wm.— EHzabeth Hunter 30 June, 1794 

Mastin, Jacob— Elizabeth Melvin..... 12 Jiily, 1792 

Mays, Liggen — Easter Daniel..... 2 July, 1792 

Nunn, Thomas — Jean Pace 14 Jany., 1794 

Norris, Zebulon — Elizabeth Dillingham 14 Dec, 1793 

Northcutt, Frances— Lucy Haley...... ...26 May, 1794 

Norton, John— Sarah Penn ...26 July, 1784 

Nichols, David — Clarey Rowland... 4 Dec, 1793 

O'neal, BasH- Milly Briscoe 17 Jany., 1789 

Pedigo, Robert, Jr— Parsley 3 Jany, 1792 

Pool, George— Cloah Payne 25 Dec, 1778 

Penn, George — Patty Farriss 6 Dec, 1784 

Patrick, James— Sarah Dunlop 13 Oct., 1791 

Pearson, Meredith — Rhoda Delozier 10 May, 1794 

Philport, Saml.— Mary Hannah 12 Jany., 1785 

Pyrtlc, John— Polly Maupin 5 Feby., 1793 

Parberry; James — Ann Graves 10 May, 1784 

Peck, David— Jean Martin 26 Aug., 1779 

Philpott, Charles— EHzabeth Hubbard 24 Nov., 1794 

Pitman, James — Martha Taylor 2 July, 1781 

Quarles, James — Elizabeth Pelphry 22 Nov., 1791 

Reynolds, George — Susannah Lansford 12 June, 1779 

Rowland, Michael— Elizabeth Hairston 20 June, 1778 

Rowland, Baldwin— Sarah Hairston 8 May, 1782 


Rowland, John, Jr.— Enis Sturgeon __ 23 July, 1780 

Richards, Shadrick — Susannah Hamilton. 28 Oct., 1779 

Rea, David— Frances East 22 July, 1794 

Richardson, John — Mary Ryan. 16 Jany., 1779 

Rentfro, Mark— Naomi Standifer. ..22 Apl., 1779 

Ray, Joseph — Mary Ann Hayse 30 Nov., 1793 

Standifer, Wm. — Jemima Jones 24 June, 1779 

Sandford, John— Judith Gamer 20 Feby., 1778 

Smith, Gideon — Mary Hirston.„ __... 27 April, 1784 

Snidow, Phillip— Barbara Prilliman 14 Feby., 1782 

Sahnon, Thaddeus— Elizabeth Hoknes 26 Mar., 1794 

Shelton, Nathl.— Mary Shelton 16 Sept., 1794 

Steward, Wm.— Milly Eastes ...17 June, 1792 

Stone, John— Mary Philpott..._ 10 July, 1792 

Stanley, Joseph — Sarah Kitchen 15 June, 1785 

Stone, William— Elizabeth Nunn.... 14 Sept., 1793 

Sumpter, Wm.— Margarett Pyrtle... 17 May, 1792 

Tankersley, George — Elizabeth Garrison ...29 Sept., 1779 

Taylor, James— Elizabeth Williams ...29 Dec, 1794 

Threlkeld, Elijah— Elizabeth Cook 14 Nov., 1781 

Thompson, Wm.— Dolthien Stockton. 12 Mar., 1794 

Thomas, Augustine — Deborah Fulkerson 1 Dec, 1778 

Wash, John — Nancy Frazier Gatewood 2 Aug., 1779 

Wade, Moses — Fanny Furguson 29 Sept., 

Woods, John— Lucy Hawkins..._ 10 April, 1782 

Williamson, Robert— Nancy Cox. 18 Sept., 1793 

Woods, George — Fanny Mason 17 Feby., 1778 

Wilson, Nath'l.— Susannah Stephens 19 May, 1793 

Ware, John— Margarett Lady._ 6 Sept., 1780 

Woods, Hugh — Sarah Ann George . 5 Aug., 1779 

Note. — It is believed that this list does not by any means 
include all the marriages in this county during the above period, 
but thus far no other bonds have been found. 
Jany 13, 1904. C. B. B. 


1624, &c.* 

From the Originals in the Library of Congress 

^AU erasures in the original are here printed in italics. 


[Beginning of Second Book of the Original Record] 

A Courte Booke begun the xv*** 
of Januarye 1624 

[Rest of page blank] 

[Ink folio 72] 

A Courte held the l?**^ of January 1624 
present S"" Franncis Wyatt knight, 
Sr George Yardley, Knight, m' Threasiirer 
Doctor Pott and Capt Smithe 

Y* is ordered y* W'm Binck (1) shall enioye the howse & grounde 
left vnto him by John Lightfoote for an Dureing the tearme 
for * * * 'rs granted to him by the said John Lightfoote ac- 
cordinge to ^the Bargane made between them before John 
Southeme w"^ vppon oath y^ said John Southeme hath wit- 

(l)-William Bink, and his wife Anne, both of whom came in the George, 
were living at the Main, James City, at the census of 1624-5. 


Y* is ordered y' Nathaniell Cawsey (2) shall take into his hands 

save Custodie all such goods as belonge to the Company and 
Societie of Trweloues Plantatione Accordinge as m"" 
White overseer for that Company Desired, And that he 
take a trwe Inventory thereof before Sufficyent men 
and to be Accomptable for the same and to present y" said 
Inventorie to y^ Gou'nor and Counsell w^'^in one moneth 
next after the date hereof 

Y* is furthered ordered y* m'' Cawssey shall receave into his 
service those three men apoynted him by m' Whites will 
Provided that the strengthen the Plantation w**^ three other 
men, And yf Ensigne Chaplen will affourde grounde and 
howse roome to Henry Turner, waiter Price and theire 
servante, y* then m"" Cawssey provide other three in the 
Roome of them to strengthen the Trweloues Plantation 

Y* is ordered y* Richarde miltone (3) shall live at shirley hun- 
and looke vnto the Cattle of Barkley hundred for which 
he shalbee allowed Fif tie pound waight of Tobacco and 
the milke of the said Kyne, Provided that he Carefully 
looke vnto them 

(2)-Nathaniel Causey, lived at "Causeys Cave" or "Care," in the pres- 
ent Prince George County, probably the later "Cawsons," which was 
the birthplace of Jolm Randolph of Roanoke, and long a seat of the 
Bland family; at the census of 1624-5 he lived at Jordan's Journey, and 
his "Muster" comprised himself, who came in the Phoenix in 1607, his 
wife Thomasine who came in the Lyon in 1609, and five servants. Na- 
thaniel Causey was one of John Smith's soldiers was badly wounded 
during the Indian Massacre of 1622, was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses in 1623, and when he returned to England in 1627 (whether as a 
visitor or to stay is not known) was one of those who contributed in- 
formation to Smith's General History. 

Between May, 1621 and June, 1622 among the large grants of land made 
by the Virginia Company was one to Rowland Truelove, and several 
associates, who organized themselves into a private Society called the 
Truelove Society Plantation. But little is known of this plantation. 
Brown, First Republic, (499,568) mentions two voyages in 1622 and 1623 
from England of the bark Truelove belonging to the Society, carrying 
supplies and emigrants. 

(3)-Richard Milton, who came in the Suply in 1620, lived at Jordon's 
Journey, 1624-5. 


Peeter Cecill swome & Examined sayeth that John 

Downman (4) vsed those oprobious speeches w*^** are mentioned 

in Cap. nicholes marten his Declaratione 

Thomas Rastell swome and Examined sayeth and affirmeth 
vpon his oath that he hath paide all the Debte char- 
ged vppon his Accompt 

[Ink folio 73] 
Y* is ordered y*^ John Downeman for his oprobius 
speeches vsed to Cap nicholes Martine shall paye 
tenn pound ster' for a fyne and Acknowledg his faulte 
in the Publique Congregation at Kickotan and then to 
aske Cap' Martine forgivenes 

It is ordered y^ whereas there remayneth over and aboue 
those Disbursements Disbursed by m'' Rastell one hundred 
and forty pownd ster' at three shillings p pownd in the 
handes of m' Rastell, That m'' Rastell shall leave 
those Dept that are Dew to him here in Virginia 
Amountinge to two thowsand two hundred pownd 
waight of Tobacco, to this Courte as securitie 
Provided that m' Rastell at or before the first 

(4)- John Dowman age 33, who had come on the John and Francis in 1611, 
lived at Elizabeth City in 1624-5, with his wife Elizabeth, age 22, who 
came in the Warwick in 1621. He was a Burgess for Elizabeth City in 

Captain Nicholas Marten or Martian was a Protestant Walloon who was 
denizized in England and came to Virginia. He lived at the Main near 
Jamestown in 1624, at Elizabeth City in 1625, (when his age is. given 
as 33 and it is stated he came in the Francis Bonaventure in 1620), was 
one of the first settlers at Kiskiack (in the neighborliood of the present 
Yorktown) in 1620. He was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
Kiskiack in March, 1624-5, for that place and the Isle of Kent, February, 
1631-2 and for Kiskiack, Sept., 1632, and February, 1632-3. His will 
was proved in York County April 4, 1657. His first wife appears to 
have been Jane, widow of Lt. Edward Berkeley and his second Isabell 
Beech. Captain Martian took a leading part in the first Virginia "re- 
bellion," that against Governor Harvey in 1635, and had the honor to 
be the common ancestor of Washington and Lee. 

The "Publique Congregation" refers to the members of the church 
near Hampton, whose foundations were discovered not long ago. 


Daye of februarye w*=^ shalbe in the yeere of o' lord 
god 1625 Do p duce and send over from George 
Gauntlett A Discharge, that m'' Rastell shall haue 
those Deptes retomed him againe. 

M'^ Rastell Acknowledgeth y* he hath receaved three 
hxmdred and fyf tye pownde waight of Tobacco of 
Sargeant W'm Barry and John Warde, vppon 
Condicone to bringe or send over fower servantes 
to be bounde for five yeeres apeece at o"" before 
Christmas next or ellse to f orf ect seaven himdred 
pownd waight of Tobacco 

M'' Threasurer Doth make Choyse for five hundred 
Acres of Land at Chapokes Creeke oposite 
against Sandy poynte for ye land dew to his office 

[Ink folio 74] 

A Courte held the 24*'^ of Januarye 1624 
present S"" Franncis Wyatt knight, &c 
Sr: George Yardley, m'' Threasiirer, Doctor 
Pott, Capt Hamer & Capt. Smith, 

It is ordered y* m'' w™ Horwood shall paye fower barrells 
of Come and the remainder of two hundred pownd waight 
of Tobacco w**" in for Twenty Days next after ye date 
hereof to Capt Hamer at his Dwelling howse 
at hog Ilande 

Concerning Capt Peerce his peticione it is thought resonable 
y' he shvld be satisfied for the loss of his shallop, but 
for y* there is noe Publique stock to satisfie the same 
it is refered vnto the generall Assembly 

Francis Banck swome and examined sayeth y* m' Cheale 
goeinge from the forte to the store to share A hogshed 


of Beeff, Called John Bennett, w'=^ then stood CenteneU (5) 

to go w*** him, and John Benett sent this Examinat 

to send m"" Pinke to saide Chealnell in his place, w^^ m'' Pinke 

refused to Doe, and this Deponent goinge into ye field 

to worke, Francis woodsome was then CenteneU, 

after this m'' Pinke cam into the Field and went & 

stoode by ye men y* were at woorke and after ye men had 

gone throw there Roes they sate Downe to Drinke Tobacco 

and m'' Pinke sate downe w**" them and after this Deponent 

cam in and sate Downe w*^ them, And Francis woodsome 

also, but whether woodsome were cald or whether 

he cam of, of him self or not, he knoweth nott, but 

whether Henry Pincke cam to garde, or to stande 

CenteneU this Deponent knoweth nott 

[Ink folio 75] 
(9) And further this Exam'nt sayeth y* when the 
Alarm' was geven Henry Pinke and this Exam'nt 
and others cam to the olde forte whenc 
m'' Bate w*** some other sett them ov before. 
Cam Bass Came, and goinge from there to 
the other forte they brought of to o'' three 
of the slayne men, before Capt' Bass cam in 

(5)-This entry shows that in 1624 there were stores or warehouses out- 
side the palisades of the fort at Jamestown and that sentries were kept 
regularly on duty. 

(9)-These entries evidently refer to an attack made by Indians on one 
of the Virginia settlements in 1623 or 1624. It is probable the attack 
occurred at Warrosquoiacke (present Isle of Wight Co.) Captain Nathan- 
iel Basse of Basses Choice in 1625, was then aged 35 and had come in the 
Furtherance in 1622. On June 2, 1620 and January 30, 1621-2, he 
with his associates, Sir Richard Worsley, Bart. John Hobson, gent, 
and Captain Christopher Lawne agreed with the Virginia Company to 
transport 100 persons to Virginia, and received a confirmation of their 
old patent, the plantations on which was called "The Isle of Wight Plan- 
tation." Captain Basse was Burgess for Warrosquoiacke March. 1623-4 
and October, 1629. 

Basse's choice was at Warrosquoiacke. Nearby was the planta- 
tion of Mr. Edward Bennett, and Henry Pinke, who came in the London 
Merchant in 1619 and John Bate, who came in the Addam in 1621, 
were included among Bennett's servants or subordinates. Bennett's Plan- 
tation was at the present Rock Wharf on James River and Basse's Choice 
was not far below on the west side of the mouth of Pagan Creek. 


and then w*"" Capt' Bass his help they brought 

of the rest 

M'' Francis Bolton minister affirmeth y* p'sently 

vppon the Alarm m'' Bates Ariued him self 

w**" as much speed as he could and sett owt powder 

and shott, and went owt of the forte & went 

to rescue the men 

And further sayeth y* m"" Chewe did tell him 

Since it Appeareth y* there was A Centinnell sett 
vppon the men, And that by his necklect in 
Cominge of, that misfortune happened, and him selfe 
slayne, There appears to us noe Cause to 
Censure the rest 

Capt Hamer at this Courte Doth assigne over to m"" 
Richard Kingsmill one hundred acres of lande 
Dve to him for Transportation of two and 
in ye yeere of the lord 1617 in the good ship 
caled the Edwyn, the names of ye servants 
are, Robert Burte and W'm Halila 

[Ink folio 76] 

M"" W'm Horwood depaieth y* ye busines betweene him and 
Capt' Hamer Conceminge John Davis, be referred 
till the arrival of shipping owt of England at w<^^ 
tyme m"" Horwood is to make Satisfaction or ells 
the business to be Determined by the Courte 

Edwarde Grunden (6) gent swome and Examined sayeth, that 
S"" Samuell Argall gave Livt' Batters Certen 
land in James Jland, And that Livt' Batters, Did 

(6)-Edward Grindon was Burgess for "Smythe's Mount," the other 
side of the water and Hog Island, 1622-23. He was living across the river 
from Jamestown February, 1623. 


sell ye same land to David Ellis, for betwixt thirty 
or f ortie pownds ster ' 

Addam Dixon sworae and examined, affirmeth ye same 

Y*^ is ordered y* upon these depositions David Ellis shall haue 

A pattent 
of the same lande, w therby to enable him 
to make good his assignment to John Raddishe 
and John Radish his sale to Sir George 

John Davis swome and exam'd sayeth 

Y* is ordered y* Rice How (7) shall Redeliuer 
the man servant to M' Pallmer 

Silvester Bullen (8) swome and Examined sayeth' y* Robert 
marshall Did Accept of Certen Comodities he bought 
of Daniell Lucy, and three bushells of Come in full 
payment for A Sowe he sold m"" Lacye 

(7)-Rice How or Hooe (proper form of the name) was born about 
1599, and came to Virginia, not in 1635, as has been heretofore stated, 
but at least as early as 1624. He patented considerable tracts of land 
in James City and Charles City Counties, and was member of the House 
of Burgesses for Shirley Htmdred Island 1642 and for Charles City 
County 1644, 1645 and 1646. The destruction of the records of Charles 
City County and of most of the early ones of Stafford prevent us from 
ascertaining his relation to the Hooes of Stafford, King George, &c. 

In the census of 1624-5, in Christopher Woodward's "Muster" at 
West and Shirley Hundred, appear his own name and those of his 
"partners" John Higgins and Rice Howe, who was then aged 26 and who 
came in the Gifte in 1618. 

In the remaining records of vStafford is a suit, made 1690, by a white 
servant endeavoring to obtain his freedom. He states that he was 
sold to Thomas Howard, deceased, "predecessor to Mr. Rice Hooe" 
(which means that Hooe had married Howard's widow) and had served 
six years, making it about 1684, when he was sold. In the same county 
Court in 1691 is a suit against Rice Hooe, who married Mary Massey, 
widow. In a deed in Stafford, 1701, is mention of a mill on Occoquan 
built by the father of Mr. Rice Hooe, then living. The Rice Hooe of 
the text was probably the father of the first of the name in Stafford, 
though there is no positive proof. For notes on Hooe family, see this 
Magazine IV., 427-429; XIII, 319-320. 

(8)-Silvestcr Bullen, aged 28 in 1625, was then a servant to Richard 
Tree on James City Island. Robert Marshall and Anne, his wife, both 
of whom came in the George, were living at James City Island 1625. 


[Ink folio 77] 

Sargent Thomas Crampe swome & Examined sayeth 
y* m"" Bess Did first dress Livt' Harisons wounde 

It is ordered y* yf the boy be to serve 
after the masters Death y't then his service 
the p'vost m y* George menefree 
Doe paye one hundred and Fiftie pownd 
waight of Tobacco to the p'vost marshall 
owt of the masters wages or otherwyse 
to shew cause to the Contrary in ye 
Courte y* next mondaye 

Yt is ordered y* p'vost marshall shall 
have a pownde of Tobacco of every one 
that is by him warned to the Courte 

It is ordered that Capt : Roger Smyth shall have paid 
him by the Treaor in full satisfacion of his sal arte 
agreed vpon for his vndertaking of the Fort att 
Warescoick twelve hundred pownds of Tobacco, and 
twelve barrells of Indian come, w'= tobacco and Come 
is to be part of that w° is due to the Councell 
beinge the moyty of the Companies rentes, and what 
shall remayne of Come and X tobacco to be equally 
divided among the Councell 

Wassell Rayner (10) swome and examined sayeth that John 

gent lyeinge Sicke at theire m"" his howse made a will wherein 
he had given his estate to A yonge woman in England and 
aboute A moneth after y' will was made he caled to m"" 
Stephens boy James to brtng him the will and caused 
the boy to caste it into y'' fier and saw it bumte, after w*''' 
he growinge very weake Desired m'' Richard Stephens to 

(lO)-Wassell Rayner, aged 28, and his wife Joane were among the ser- 
vants of Richard Stephens at James City in 1624-5. 


take his estate into his hands, and to paye his Dept 

in this Countrey and to retume ye remaynder to his father 

in London 

Joane Rayner wyeffe to wassell Raynar affirmeth y« same. 

[ink folio 78] 

Thomas Nunn swome and Examined sayeth, That John 

Crowd 'nt 
tooke in A passenger at Salfordes Creeke and was to land him 
at warishcoyke, where they putt in, and landed the said pas- 
and the weather growing fowle, and they haveinge but A smale 
grapple Ancher, durst nott putt owt to Sea, but hopinge 
that ye weather would breake vpp, they staid at warishcoyke 
two dayes and two night, dwringe all w'^'^ tyme it did 
rayne very much, and sayeth yt they vsed all ye best meanes 
they could to save the Tobacco, by Coveringe it wth ye Sailes 
w*^ matt and Rugg. And that the Tobacco tooke no hurte 
through any Default or negligence of theirs. And further this 
Examinat saith that w* Bargaine or Agreement was made 
betweene Capt' willcox and John Crowdeck he knoweth nott 

Edwarde marshall swome and examined aihrmeth all that to be 
trew w'''^ Thomas nunn hath formerly said. 

Thomas Sulley (11) hath Bargained and sold his six Acres of 
Lande in James Cytie Islande to Sr George Yardley knight 
together w'*" the Patent thereof for ever, for w"*^ Sr : 
George is to pay him one hundred pwnd waight of the 
best marchantable Tobacco in good meale, yf any come in 
or ells yf meale come nott in in other goods Comodities 
and to pay m'' Cley bourne for makinge the Patent 

(ll)-Thomas Sully, yeoman and ancient planter, patented sLx acres in 
James City 1624. He was aged 36 in 1625 and had come in the Sara in 
1611. His wife Maudlyn, aged 30, had come in the London Merchant in 


Persivall wood (12) and Ann his wyffe hath sold one Tenement 
and twelve Acres of grounde lyinge at Black poynte 
late nathaniell Hutts, to sr George Yardley knight 
for two hundred and Fyftie pownds waight of the best 
marchantable Tobacco, whereof there is paide in hand 
one hundred sixtie and two pownde 

[ink folio 79] 

A Courte held the last daye of January 1624 

beinge present Sr Francis Wyatt knight Gou'nor & C 

Sr George Yardley, m'' Threar, Doctor Pott 

and Capt' Smith 

William Englishe (13) swome & examined sayeth y* Capt' 
willcox and John Crowdick had speaches at Capt' willcoxs 
house for Caryinge of Certen Tobacco to James Cyttie 
at w*''' tyme John Crowdick did vndertake for to 
deliver his Tobacco in safetie at James Cyttie, y'^ danger 
of Sea excepted 

Richarde Arthur swome and Examined affirmeth 

as much as William Englishe hath saide 

And further this Examinate saith that Thomas mun 

Conffed at Robert pooles howse that the Tobacco 

was sppoyld through meere neckligence 

And the like m*" Englishe by the oathe he hath taken 

afhrmeth he hurd Thomas Mun deliver at Robert 

pooles howse 

And further these deponent sayeth y* Crowdick was 

(12)-Percival Wood and Anne, his wife, both of whom came in the 
George, were living at Mulberry Island in January, 1624. 

(13)-William English was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
Elizabeth City, 1629-1632 and 1632-3. He removed to the neighbor- 
hood of the present Yorktown, was a justice of the first court of York Co. 
on July 12, 1863 and in 1635, when he was Sheriff of the county, a meeting 
at which the deposition of Governor Harvey was planned was held at 
his house. 


ahead of Capt' willcocks boate aboue blunt poynt 
and that the winde was fayer to bring them to James 

Yt is ordered y* John Croudicke shall paye Capt' willcoks 
one hundred and fortie pownds waight of Tobacco, and 
y** said Crowdick shall aft loose his fraighte w^** 
was sixtie pownds waight of Tobacco 

Doctor Pott doth afifirme y* Cominge to Capt' Harvey his 

together w**" him, the said Capt' Harvie (william mutch (14) 

beinge at home) sent for him to speake w*'' him, and when he 
came, Capt' Harvey desired mutch to deliver him the Covenant 
formerly drawne, to w'^^ he refused replyed, first lett 
me see my Come, Capt' Harvey told him he scorned to kepe 
back his Come, mutch replyed againe he would have his 
corne before he should see them. Then Capt' Hai-vie told 
him he was an idle knave, and y* he could find in his 
hart to Cudgell his Coate, To w'=^ mutch answered scome 
fully, alas Sr it is not in you, whereupon Capt' 

[ink folio 80] 

Harvie stooke over y^ pate w"^ his Trunchione, And 
he saith further y*^ mutch did give fu other p' vokinge 

Yt is the opinione of the Courte that Christopher 

Barker goinge from mr Allnutt Contrarie to 

his Covenant w^''owt shewinge any cause in Court 

why, is not to haue any recompenc for the tyme he was w*** mr 

he was w^** m' Allnutt 

(14)-William Mutch, who came in the Jonathan, and his wife Margery, 
who came in the George in 1623, were living at James City 1625. 


John How gent swome and examined saith that 
Thomas Parke before his goinge from Accomack 
beinge moved about the making of his will, hee 
made answere, it hee would make noe will, for 
that he had given all hee had to his mate 
William Bybby (some smale parte ther of 
Tobacco beinge sent to his mother in Englande 

John wilkins aflirmeth the same 

Yt is ordered y* w'm Bybby shall keepe the 
Come now in his handes, and y* phetplace 
Close shall send the Tobacco to Parks mother 
in England 

Yt is ordered y* p'vost marshall shall haue 
for every arest for his Fee two pownde of 
Tobacco and one halfe a bushell of Come 

Thomas Bum and John Rowe swome and examined saith that 
there was thre acres and a halfe of Come w 

have receved 
oin w'^^ they did estimat to be five barrells 
of Come damage, five barrells of Come 
and one barell of Pease and beanes but 
wherther it was spoyled by swyne or no they 
know nott 

M' Blayny hath agreed to paye George Fryer & Addam 
Dixson forty pownd of Tobacco towards there loss 
in the Come 

(To be Continued) 



For the Main Army under Washington 1778-1779 

(From the Originals in the Collection of the Virginia Histor- 
ical Society) 


B. O. Oct' 25t'» 79 

The Inhabitants having Requested That no more wood may 
be Cut from off the Land, from whence the Brigade hath hither- 
to been Supplyed. The Brigade Q. M. will Derect that in 
future the wood that may be wanting, While the Brigade Oc- 
cupies its present Possion be Cut from off the follow'g Lots 
Viz*, Cornelius Digroy's, Timothy Allistead and Gilberts John- 
son's Lots all of which Lots adjoin the present Encamp* on the 
West Side he will apply to M"" Vaskey who will shew him the 

Geo. Gibson — Colo. 
Command* Gen'l Muhl'g. Brigade 

D. O. Cacayett Oct' 25*^^ 79 

F. O. L* Colo Ball 

The fatigue party making fasheens &c. are to be Ogmented 
to morrow morning to 200 men, to work in 5 Different party's, 
Each to be Comm'* by a Cap'n 2 Sub's & 3 Serj*'. 


The Deputy Q. M. Gen'l will point out the Ground where 
Each party is to work, and will furnish the Necessary Tools, 
This party to be Relieved Every morning at Troop beating and 
the Cap* Command'g. Each will follow Such Directions as 
may be Given by Cap'n Hill who was appointed by a former 
Order to Superintend this work. 

For Police 

Cap'n Cambell 

For the Day 

Adj* Sinton 
S C P 

For P. 

1 Cap* Hamilton 

For in G^ 


For Q' G" 


For fati 


James Harper 
Cap* Hamilton Company Orderly 

Book for 1779 

D. 0. Cacayett 

Thursday ocf 2Q'^ 79 

F. 0. 

L* Colo Hause 

The' Conductors of each Brigade are to Make a Report Im- 
mediately to the Commanding officers of Their Brigades how 
the Artificers under their Command, has been Employ 'd for 
the last week past, and they are to Continue to make Such Re- 
port Weekly. 

For Police 

Capt Mc Elhiny(l) 

For the day 

Adj* Merewether 
S C P 

For picquet 


For in G** 

1 1 

For Q^ Gd 

For fatigue 


D. A. 0. Oct' 




(1) John Mc Ilhaney, Captain of a Va. State regiment April 1777 
to May 1781. 


The Division to be in the most perfect Readiness to march at 
a moments Warning all the waggon horses as well as those be- 
longing to the Artillary as others to be brough in by Day 
break to morrow morning and kept with the waggons tUl farther 

Rec<^ 27 at 7 o'clock A M 

B. O. Oct^ 27*'^ 79 

The Brigade will march precisely at 8 o'clock the Command'g 
officers of Reg*^ are Requested to have Every thing to be put 
in the most perfect Readiness that nothing may Retard the 
march at the hour appointed 

D. O. Cacayett Oct^ 27 ^^^ 79 

The Gen'l to beat Immediately, the Assembly half an hour 

The Division to march by the Right The Rout to Suffems all 
the baggage to Go in the Rear — The Field officer of the day 
will Call in his picquets And form a Rear Guard, he is to see that 
every thing is brought up. 

D. A. O. Suffem Oct^ 27^*^ 79 

F. O. L* Col'o Gwatkins 

The Troops are to incamp in the wood Near this place, And 
are not to pitch their Tents — They are immediately to Draw 
provision to Compleat them to the 3P* Included, which they 
are to have Cooked this Evening 

Every man fit for Duty is to march at 5 o'clock to morrow 

The Gen'l will beat at half past 4 Such men as are indisposed 
and not fit for Actual Service Are to be left with the Baggage 
Under Com'' of a field officer, who will call on Gen'l Woodford 
for Instructions uhis Evening. 

They Artillary with their waggons And the waggons wnth 
Spare Ammunition for the Brigades are to march with the 


Troops, all the Rest of the Waggons and baggage are to be left. 
The Officers will take out Such Articles as the want this Even- 
ing that no Delay may happen in the morning. The Com- 
mandants of Regm*^ are Desired to attend themselves to the 
Alloting out of the Men that Remain And not to Sujffer any 
to do so that are Capable of marching, nor any to march that 
are weak and imable to do So. 

B. O. Oct^ 27^'^ 79 

Major Mitchel is appointed to do the duty of Brigade Major 
and Inspector while Major Cabell is doing the Duty of Deputy 
Adj * Gen'l and is to be obeyed & Respected Accordingly. 

For the Day Adj* Cary S C P 

For picquet 1 1 

For in G^ 1 

For Q' G^ 1 

B. O. Oct' 28*'' 79 

The Brigade to hold themselves in the most perfect Readiness 
to march at a moments Warning & neither officer or Soldier to 
be absent upon any pretence whatever 

D- O. Pomton Oct' 28*^ 79 

F- O- L* Col'o Dabney 

The Troops will probably Remain upon the present Groimds 
this night The will therefore make the Necessary preparation, 
at the Same time holding themselves in Constant Readiness to 
m.arch at the Shortest Notice. 

The most effectual Method to be taken to prevent the men 
from Stragling 


The F. O. of they day will Reconmter the Groirnd and place 
his picquet. 

Piquet 1 

InG'i 1 

Q'G'i 1 

D. O. Pompton Oct'29*i'79 

F. Officer Lieu* Col'o Alison 

The mens Arms to be Carefully Examined & to be put in the 
best of Order, also their flints & Amunition. 

No Officer or Soldier to leave Camp on any pretence, But be 
in Constant Readiness to march. 

The Commanding officers of Reg*' to see that those men are 
Supplyed with Shoes that are in the greatest want, That none 
may have an Occation to Complain of being bear footed when 
we Come to march. 

For the Day 


j* Bown 




For picquet 



D. 0. Pompton. 


30*»> 79 


■ Stephens 

The Troops to hold themselves in Readiness to march to mor- 
row morning at [ 4 ? ] O'clock, The horses to be provided 
with Forage to night as the may be kept in place. 

D. O. Suffems Sunday Oct' 31"* 79 
F. O. Major Lee 

The Troops are to Continue their march by the Left with all 
their Baggage The Rout of Stony point The Greatest Expe- 



dition to be used in Drawing the Provision as the are to move 
ofiE the Ground precisely at 3 o'clock. 

For the Day 

Adj* Merewether 

D. O. Cacayett Nov. P* 79 

F. O. Col'o Gist 

The Rest of the Shoes in possession of Lieu* Moten to be 
Divided this Evening in proportion To the Strenght of each 
Corps. Including the Artillary The Regimental paymasters will 
apply Accordingly. 

The Division to hold themselves in Readiness to march at a 
moments warning, But not to Strick their Tent 'till beating of 
the Gen'l. The Division to be Inspected on Wednesday & Thurs- 
day Next Begining with the 2<i Virg'a Reg* on Wednesday 
morning at 9 o'clock. 

For police 
For the Day 

Cap* Tho^ Ewell 




For picquet 
For in G^^ 



D. 0. Cacayett Nov^ 2^^ 79 

F. O. 
For Police 
For the Day 

For Picquet 

Col'o Nevell 
Major Mitchel 
Cap* Boswell 
Adj* Robertson 

G. O. Head Q" Moores house, Oct^ 20*^ 1779 


Every Reg* that has more marqies Horseman's Tents, Sol- 
diers Tents than the proportion directed in Gen'l Orders of the 
21^^ of may Last must Immediately Deliver them over to their 
Brigade Q"' M"" who are to forward them to Col'o Hay at Fish- 
kill landing. 

D. O. Cacayett. Nov' Z^ 79 

A Gen'l Court martial of the Line will Set Next Thursday 
at 10 O Clock A, M. at the Garrison of West Point For the 
Trial of Cap* Kirkpatrick (2), all Evidences and persons Con- 
cerned to attend The Trial at Said time & place. 

B. O. Nov' 3^ 79 

A Brigade Court martial Set this day at 10 o'clock, for the 
Trial of Such prisoners as Shall be brought before them. Lievi* 
Colo Allison will preside 

D. O. Cacayett Wednesday Nov' 3^^ 79 
F. O. Colo Brent 

Brigade Major Croghan 

The Division to march to morrow morning at 8 o'clock, By 
the Left The Rout for Stoney point. The Gen'l to beat 7 and 
the Tents and Baggage to be immediately packed up. 

The Forage masters to be perticular Carcfull in the manner 
of Issuing of Forage. To Give out agreeable to Gen'l Regula- 
tion and not to Suffer Officers batemen or waggoners to take any 
more than the States Allowance on any pretence whatever, as 

(2) Abraham Kirkpatrick— 1st Lieutenant 8th Va., March 22d, 1776; 
Regimental Adjutant, April 2d, 1777; Captain, August 10th, 1777; trans- 
ferred to 4th Va. Sept. 14, 1778, and served to the close of the war. 


the will be made answerable to their Conduct in this particu- 

The Difficulty in procuring forage makes it Necessary tha* 
the Greatest Oconemy Shotdd be Observed in that article. Th^ 
Col's and Other F. Officers are Requested to take notice of th^ 
manner of Issuing in Each Brigade, And to Report to the Com" 
m'g Officer any waste that may be made. 

1 Sub. 1 Serj* & 16 privates to march immediately as a 
Guard to the Virg'a Clothing Com'y on from Tren Town — The 
Officer to Call on Gen'l Woodford for Instructions. 

The Majors of Brigades will attend daily at the Deputy 
Adj*« Gen'ls Q" for orders at 12 o'clock. 

A Court of Inquiry from the Division, Consisting of a field 
officer 2 Cap** 2 Subs to Set to morrow to inquire into a Late 
Dispute between Cap* Stocks of the 2^ Reg* and M"' Thornton 
Taylor Conductor to Gen'l Woodfords Brigade. 

The president will make a Report of the proceedings to the 
Command 'g officer of the Division. 

For police Capt Tabb 

For the Day Adj* Bown 

S C P 

For picket 1 

For in Gd 1 

For Q' C* 11 

D. O. Cacayett Thursday Nov' 4*'" 79 

F. O. Lieu* Col'o Gwaskins (3) 

Brigade Major Mitchel 

A Guard of 1 Sub. 1 Serj* & 15 men to be left on the Ground 
to take Care of the Forage untill the waggons Can be Sent for 

(3) Lt. Col. Gaskins is evidently intended. 


it. If there's any Baggage that Cannot be Carried with the 
Troops it must be Brought up in the Same manner, The Com- 
manding officer of the Regm*' it belong to, Leaving proper 
Guard to take Care of it. The Assembly to beat at 10 o'clock 
and the Troops to begin their March immediately 

For police Captain Lamb 

For the Day Adj* Merewether 

S C P 

For picket 1 

For in G"^ 1 

Q' Guard 1 

D. A. O. Nov 4*^ 79 

The Gen'l to beat half past Six the Assembly half past 7 when 
the Troops are to march to their place of Encampm* which will 
be Shewn to them by the Deputy Q. M. Gen'l. 

D. O. Havarstraw NoV 5**^ 79 
F. O. L* Colo. Dabney 

B. Major Craughan 
for police Cap* Tabb 

For the day Adj* Gary 

D. A. O. Nov^ 5*^ 79. 6 o'clock P. M. 

200 men properly officered to Employed tomorrow in making 
Fasheen &c. Under the Directions of Cap'' Hill agreeable to a 
former order. They are to parade at 8 o 'clock. 

The Same Number to be furnished daily imtill farther orders. 
The D. Q. M. Gen'l will furnish Tools and point out the Ground 
for the Different parties to work. 

The Distruction of Chimleys or Seting fire to any Conven- 
iencys that is made while The Troops lay at an Encampm* is 


Positively forbid in future, And the officers Commanliing Reg*' 
are Requested to see that the fires are put out before we 
march that no Damage may be Done to the neighbourhood 

B. O. Nov' 5'^ 79 

The Court martial whereof Lieu* Colo. Allison was president 
is Disolved and prisoners now in the provost to be sent for by 
their respective Reg*^ where they are to be Tried. 

D. O. Havarstraugh Nov' 6**^ 1779 
F. O. Lieu* Colo. AlHson 

B. Major Mitchel 

One F. officer, 3 Captains & 6 Subs with 200 men are to Go 
upon fatigue to morrow morning at 8 o'clock to Stoney point. 
They will Draw provision to Compleat them for 3 Days when 
a party of the Same Strenght is to Relieve them — The Com- 
mand'g officer will take his Directions from Colo. Gouvian the 
Engineer — A sufficient niunber of Tents to Cover the party 
must be Drawn from the Division, by the D. Q. M. G. and Sent 
Down in the waggon these Tents will Remain so long as a fiti- 
gue party will Continue to work these Tools will be furnished 
by the Engineer, A Return to be Given in this afternoon of all 
the Carpenters in the Division who are wanting to work at Ston- 
ey point while the Division Remains here only The Engineer 
has promised that these Artificers shall have his order for addi- 
tional pay & Rations. 

The Muster M. will be Ready to muster the Division on mon- 
day the Eight Instant beginning on the Right of Gen'l Wood- 
fords Brigade at 7 Oclock in the morning and on the Right of 
Gen'l Muhlenbergs at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. 


The Officers will have Every thing in Readiness accordinglv. 

For fatigue Colo. Russell 

For Police Cap* Nobody 

For the Day Adj* Robertson 

D. O. Havarstraw Nov' 7''' 79 

F. O. Major Clark 

B. Major Croughan 

The field Officers of the Division are Requested to meet at 
Gen'l Woodfords Quarters to morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 

For Police 

Captain Brakenrige 

For the Day 



S C 


For Picquet 








5 Total 

D. A. O. Nov' 7*'' 79 6 Oclock P. M. 

The Division to hold themselves in the most Perfect Readiness 
to march at a moments warning. The Q. M. G. Department to 
have every thing Ready — 

D. O. Havartraugh monday Nov' 8"' 79 

F. O. M. Webb 

B. Major Mitchel 

B. O. Nov S*'' 79 

As a General Inspection will talce place in a few days, The 
Gen'l Requests of the Comm'g officers of Regiments will use 


Every Method in their power to have the Cloth'g of the men in 
Repair that they may appear as neat and Direct as possible. 

P. Mtihlenberg B. G. 
For PoHce Cap* Winston 

For the Day Adj * Lington 

S C P 




Fatigue 3 





34. Carter^ Beverley (Robert-*) was bom in 1774, and died Feb. 10, 
1844. He was a Justice of Culpeper County in 1799 and afterwards lived 
in Augusta Covinty. He married Jane, daughter of Ralph Wormley, of 
"Rosegill," Middlesex County. 

Issue: 42. Eleanor (The "Carter Tree" says she married Goodall; 

but a newspaper in 1820 gives a notice of the marriage of "Eleanor W. 
daughter of Carter Beverley" and Francis Gildart of Mississippi; 43. 
Rebecca married John Meade; 44. Elizabeth B. married Captain Ed- 
ward B. Randolph; 44. Ann T. married Dr. Carter Randolph; 45. Rob- 
ert^, died without issue; 45a. William® married Crain;46. Carter*. 

35. Robert^ Beverley (Robert*), of "Blandfield," Justice of Middle- 
sex 1795, and of Essex; married Jane, daughter of Col. John Tayloe, of 
"Mt. Airy," Richmond County. 

Issue: 47. William B.®, of "Blandfield," died unmarried; 48. Maria, 

married Dr. Clarke; 49. Rebecca Tayloe, died Sept. 28, 1822; 50. 

J. Bradshaw® (of whom later); 51. Jane, died Sept. 28, 1822, aged 17 
years; 52. Rolserta married William Lightfoot. 

38. Peter Randolph^ Beverley (Robert*). In a suit in Augusta Co., 
Va., dated 1802 he is styled "late of Bordeaux, France, but now of 
York County, England." Like many Americans he had probably tried 
a mercantile venture at Bordeaux, but in 1802 was with his brother 
William in Yorkshire. He married, possibly at Bordeaux, Lovely St. 
Martin, and returned to Virginia. 

Issue: 53. Eglantine, married Robert Randolph; 54. Peter"; 56. 
Amarylis; 57. Stanislaus^, died unmarried; 58. Euphroisie; 59. Con- 
stantine*, born 1811, died Jan. 12, 1872, at New Orleans, where he had 
lived thirty-four years. 

39. McKenzie^ Beverley (Robert*) of Spotsylvania Co. married 
Isabella Gray. 

Issue: 60. Robert^, died unmarried; 61. Byrd', died unmarried; 62. 
William®, 63. Lovely, married Brown; 64. Francis C.', Clerk of Spot- 
sylvania County 1875-1881, married Gale, and had issue: Lucy^, 


William^, and Berta'; 65. James ^, married Shemansky and had 

issue: Louisa^ and Belle^; 66. Tucker 8. 

50. J. Bradshawo Beverley (Robert^), married Jane Peter. 

Issue: 67. Sarah, married Edward Turner; 68. Robert ''^ (of whom 
later); 69. Rebecca, married Thomas Henderson; 69. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, C. S. A; 70. William^, 
married Fanny Gray (and had issue: Bradshaw^, William^ and Robert**); 
71. Mary, married Arthur Chichester. 

68. Col. Robert^ Beverley (J. Bradshaw^), of "Blandfield," and of 
Fauquier County. He was an officer in the Confederate army. President 
of the Virginia State Agricultural Society, and was an agriculturist of 
wide note and large estates. He married Jane, daughter of John Hill 
Carter, of "Falkland." 

Issue: 72. Eliza, married Stevens Mason; 73. Bajmton 8; 74. Virginia 
married Rev. John McGill; 75. William*, married Mary, daughter of 
Richard H. Carter; 77. Hill*; 78. Rebecca, married William Her- 
bert of Baltimore; 79. Robert*, married Richardetta, daughter of Rich- 
ard H. Carter; 80. Bradshaw*. 

There are, of course, later generations of these lines, not included in 
this genealogy. 

(To be Continued) 


(Compiled by the late John S. Carpenter, Louisville, Ky.) 

Arms: Argent, a saltire azure. 

Crest: Out of a ducal coronet, or, an eagle's head between wings ad- 
dorsed, azure, beaked or. 

Motto: Invictae Fidelitatis Praemium. 

The above described arms are found on a seal to a bond bearing date 
of 1685, signed by William Slaughter, High Sheriff of Essex County, Va. 
They correspond with the arms of the Slaughters of Gloucester and Wor- 
cester in England, as given by Burke in his "Landed Gentry." 

The Slaughters were among the earlier settlers in Virginia. There 
were two of the name, John and William, in Virginia prior to 1620. Wil- 
liam was killed in the great Indian Massacre of March 22, 1622. 


1. John Slaughter had numerous grants of land, by purchase and 
for the importation of immigrants, between the years 1620 and 1635. 
He had three sons. [This is only a conjecture. — Editor.] 

2. I. Francis. 

II. William. — He was High Sheriff of Essex County in 1685. 
He married Phoebe, daughter of Colonel Toby Smith 
of Rappahannock, and widow of William Hodgkins, 
who died in 1673. She married as her third husband 
William Peachey and died in 1710, her will having 
been proved in Essex County on April 10 of that year. 
William Slaughter left no issue. 
III. Richard.— He had grants of land in 1652, 1655, 1679, 1689, 
etc. No record of his marriage or of his having left 

2. Francis Slaughter, ^ (John^) the eldest son of John, was 
bom about 1630 and died 1656-7. He was Captain of Militia, Justice for 
Rappahannock, a planter and merchant. He married about 1652, Eliz- 
abeth Underwood, sister of Colonel William Underwood, and his 
wife Margaret. Elizabeth (Underwood) Slaughter married secondly. 
Colonel John Catlett, Presiding Justice for Rappahannock, who was 
killed by the Indians in 1671, while defending a frontier fort. In 1672-3, 
the twice widowed Elizabeth Underwood married the Rev. Amory 
Butler. She died in 1673. The following is an abstract of her will: 

Legatees: "son, Francis Slaughter, all the furniture of my chamber, 
except a chest of drawers, which I give to my daughter, Sarah, and a 
close-stool to my son, John Catlett — to son, Francis Slaughter, all goods, 
money, plate, and rings, mentioned in an accoimt in the hands of Mr. 
Daniel Gaines; also one negro boy, and an equal share of my stock of 
pewter, brass and iron also a great chair, a small couch, a chest, and such 
other things in the house as my mother gave me by her will, — to daughter 
Elizabeth, the bed and furniture now in the dining room, the press and 
cushion — great looking glass, drawing table and Turkey Carpet, and my 
childbed linen, blankets, and fine basket, my wedding ring, my biggest 
diamond ring, gilded bodkin, necklace with the biggest pearls, a small 
bible, silver sucking bottle and the small Cabinet. To daughter, Sarah, 
two of my biggest stone rings, the small pearl necklace, silver bodkin, 
my new trunk, napkin press, a small bible, small testament, a dram cup, 
my wedding ring and an oval table. — to son, John, a small diamond ring, 
the map in the dining room, a rapier, a great cutlash, a pair of silver but- 
tons, a pair of silver buckles, and the antimonial cup. — to son, William, 
a small cutlash, a ring with the stone enameled blue, a silver seal. — to 
two daughters, all my wearing apparel, clothes and linen. — to sons, John 
and William, all my books, according to the inventory. — to sons, John and 
William, and two daughters, all of my plate, except three spoons, and also 


to them, all pewter, brass, linnen and other household stuff not otherwise 
bequeathed. — to three sons, each a carbine. — to the four children of hus- 
band, John Catlett, a gray mare and furniture; to cousin, Wm. Underwood 
the elder, one colt. — to cousin, Himiphrey Booth, a chest and goods which 
were my mothers. — to cousin, Catherine Booth, a silver candle cup which 
was her grandmother's — to sister Pierce, a mourning ring. My executors 
shall supply what tobacco may be needed for my children's education 
in England, according to my deceased husband's will. What money 
remains in the hands of Messrs. Gifford and Mttnford in London, to be 
used for the purchase of furniture for my son Francis Slaughter, in lieu 
of what his father-in-law owed him — Beloved husband, Amory Butler, 
executor, and my cousin, Captain Thos. Hawkins, my brother, Edward 
Rowzee and Mr. Daniel Gaines, overseers of my will — to brother Booth's 
children, several cattle. — to beloved husband, Amory Butler, a bed, 
furniture, and a mourning ring." 

Captain Slaughter's will was proved in Essex County in 1657. Legacies 
to his mother-in-law, Margaret Upton, (she had married as her second 
husband, Lt. Col. John Upton); to brother-in-law. Col. Moore Faunt- 
leroy, rapier and saddle mare; to brother-in-law, Humphrey Booth, cloth 
for suit of clothes to his overseer, etc; wife Elizabeth, executrix, issue: 

3. 1. Francis. 

3. Francis Slaughter,^ (Francis^ John i) only son of Captain Francis 
and Elizabeth Underwood Slaughter was bom in Essex Coimty about 
1653. He was a planter in Richmond Coiinty, and died in 1718, his will 
dated Nov. 6, 1718, having been proved on March 4, 1718-9. He directs 
that his goods made over to his wife by a deed of gift before marriage 
be well and truly paid, and that as, with his wife's consent he had sold 
a negro called Frank, given her by that deed, which was in lieu of dower, 
he directs that she be given a negro called Caesar. His will further 
provides that his wife be given corn in the ground and other necessaries 
for the maintenance of her family. All the rest of his estate, real and 
personal he bequeathed to his daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. Son- 
in-law, John Taylor, sole executor. By his wife, Margaret Hudson, 
whom he married about 1679, Francis Slaughter has issue: 

4. L Robert. [Though most probably a son of Francis, no re- 

cord evidence of the fact is given. — Ed.] 
IL William. He was a beneficiary xmder the will of his father's 
half-brother. Col. John Catlett, the second, 
in. Martha (or Margaret). She was probably the wife of 
John Taylor, son-in-law and executor named in Francis 
Slaughter's will. 
IV. Mary. 
V. Elizabeth. 


4. Robert Slaughter* (Francis 3-2johni), was born about the year 
1680. He was a prosperous planter of Essex County, where he lived and 
died. He had extensive grants of land in Spottsylvania County (1719 
and 1723), part of which was transferred to his sons during his lifetime, 
and the remainder bequeathed to them by his will. He married about the 
year 1700 Frances Anne Jones, daughter of Lt. Colonel Cadwalader 
Jones, and grand-daughter of Richard Jones, a wealthy merchant of 
London, and the owner of a considerable landed estate in County Devon- 
shire, England. The following is an abstract of Robert Slaughter's 
will, dated Feb. 5, 1725, and proved in Essex County on August 16, 1726: 

"To loving wife Frances Slaughter, two negro men named Jack and 
Tony; to son Francis one thousand acres of land lying in the forks of 
the Rappahannock River, one negro boy named Fanny, one negro girl 
named Cate and their increase; to son Robert one negro woman named 
Moll and her two children named Harry and Toney and their increase, one 
cow and calf; to son Thomas, one tract of land lying at the Little Moun- 
tains containing two hundred and fourteen acres, one tract of land lying at 
the Black Walnut Rim, and one tract of land lying on the Moimts Creek 
containing three hundred acres, also negro boy named Ben, negro girl 
Beck and their increase; remainder of estate to loving wife Frances and 
to sons Francis and Thomas. Executor Francis Slaughter. 

Robert and Frances Anne Slaughter had issue: 

5. I. Francis. 

6. II. Robert. 

7. III. Thomas of Caroline County. 

5. Colonel Francis Slaughter* (Robert*, Francis'-^, John*), eld- 
est son of Robert and Frances Anne (Jones) Slaughter was bom in Essex 
County about 1701. After his fathers death he removed to Culpeper, 
where he died in 1766, his will dated Sept. 18, 1765, with codicil dated 
Sept. 22, 1765, having been proved in May 1766. He was a large land- 
owner in Culpeper and Orange. He was commissioned Captain of Militia 
on Feb. 2, 1730; later Colonel of Militia, Justice, Vestryman, Church 
Warden, etc. He married on June 3, 1729, Ann Lightfoot by whom he 
had issue: 

8. I. Francis. 

9. II. John. 

III. Reuben— bom 1733. 
10. IV. Cadwalader. 

V. Frances, bom 1737. She married Captain William Ball, 
Vestryman of St. Mark's Parish. He was the son of 
Samuel 3 (William 2- *) Ball and of Ann Catharine (Tay- 
loe) Ball, and a cousin of Mary Ball, the mother of 


VI. Daughter. She married Edward Thomas. Their only 
son Edward Thomas removed to Nelson Cotinty, 
Kentucky, and represented that County in the Kentucky 
House of Representatives in 1793. His wife was Susan- 
nah Beall, daughter of Walter Beall, a member of the 
first Constitutional Convention of Kentucky. Issue: 
Lucinda, married Dr. Wm. Elliott of New Haven, 
Ky. Amanda, married Mr. Bamett. 

(To be Continued) 



Cudworth's "History of Bolton and Bowling" (Bradford, 1891) con- 
tains a considerable amoimt of information in regard to the early history 
of the Boiling family, which was long resident in the vicinity of Brad- 
ford and Bolton. The author states that the spelling "Bowling" is a 
modernisation. The first mention he gives of the Boiling family is in 
a poll or head tax list of the inhabitants of the township of Boiling, in 
the year 1379. First in the list appears Johannes de Bollyng, Esquier, 
& uxor [wife] Vjs Vlljh (6sh-8d.) 

"The principal contributor, who in fact paid more than all the re- 
mainder of the inhabitants of the township, was John de Boiling. He is 
therefore styled 'esquire.' The Boilings were not only the first family 
of any importance which took its name from the township, but it was of 
considerable repute in this part of Yorkshire generally. The proofs of 
this fact are numerous. From evidences collected by Mr. Empsall, and 
presented to the Bradford Antiquarian Society, illustrating the entire 
history of this family, we learn that towards the close of the twelth cen- 
tury one Tristram Boiling was in the service of King John, and was 
largely concerned in his interests, and as reward he received property 
in Boiling. To this circumstance is ascribed the rise of the family. 

In Kirby's Inquest (1296) William de Boiling is described as holding 
three carucates of land in Boiling, and shortly afterwards he was de- 
scribed as lord of the manor, which his descendants held for several 
centuries, and two of them gave common of pasture and a grant of land 
in Boiling to Kirtstall Abbey. Part of this land is supposed to be the 
site of Burnett Field. There is also evidence of land in Boiling having 
been granted to Kirkstall Abbey as early as the reign of King John. 

In a copy of Parliamentary Writs we find the following entries: 'Wil- 
liam de Boiling certified, pursuant to writ tested at Clepstone, 5th March, 
1316, as lord of the township of Boiling, in the county of York.' 



'Johannes de Boiling, one of the Commissioners of Array, in the Wa- 
pentake of Morley, in the county of York. Commission tested at York 
25th September, 1318.' 

By the marriage of Robert Boiling to Elizabeth, daughter of Roger 
Thornton, in 1349, the Boiling estate was increased by the addition of 
the manors of Thornton, AUerton and Denholme. In the survey of the 
manor of Bradford taken in 1342, the Boiling family appears somewhat 
prominently in connection with the barter and sale of property in 

Passing over a century, we come upon an interesting episode in the 
past history of Boiling, namely, the attainder for high treason of one 
Robert Boiling and the confiscation of his estates. In the Wars of the 
Roses many of the landowners of this neighbourhood were implicated, 
and none more deeply than Robert Boiling of Boiling Hall. Like many 
others of Yorkshire he espoused the cause of the Lancastrians, under 
the banner of Lord Clifford of Skipton Castle, and was at the battle of 
Towton on Palm Sunday, March 29th, 1461. In that sanguinary encounter 
36,000 men were slain, and the Lancastrians were utterly defeated. 
The result was very disastrous to the Boilings. For the part taken in 
it by Robert Boiling, he was convicted of high treason, attainted by 
order of Parliament, and deprived of his estates, the manor of Boiling 
being made over to a partisan of the King named Thomas Radclyfe. 
John James, in his 'History of Bradford,' gives an interesting account of 
this event, and quotes the following extract from a petition of Robert 
Boiling to King Edward IV. in 1475: "Humbly beseeching your Highness, 
your true liegeman, Robert Boiling, in the Shire of York, gentilman, 
sheweth, that in the Parliament holden at Westminster, the 4th Novem- 
ber, in the first year of your Highness's reign, the said Robert was at- 
tainted of high treason, and that his lands were forfeited from the 4th 
March preceding; that suppliant was never against your Highness in any 
field or journey, except on Palme Sunday, in the first year of your most 
noble reigne, whereto he was dryven, not of his oune proper wille, nor of 
malice towards your Grace, but oonly by compulsion, and by the most 
drad proclamations of John, then Lord Clyfford, under whose daunger 
and distresse the lyvelode of your suppliant lay." 

Notwithstanding that letters of pardon were granted him, Robert 
Boiling and his family of ten children were reduced to great straits 
from the loss of his estates, but these he subsequently recovered and 
added much to them. 

Robert Boiling made his will at Boiling Hall, October, 1485, desiring 
to be buried before the high altar of Bradford Church, to which he left 
benefactions. To Amica his daughter he left 10. The residue of his 
personalty, in three parts, one to James, William, Umphrey, Raynbron, 
and Troilus, his sons; one for masses for his soul; and a third to Isabel, 
his wife. The testator thus disposes of his lands: — 


'I have enfeofTed Edward Goldsborough, one of the barons of our Lord 
the Kyng, of his escheaur; Ed. Redmanye, one of the esquiers of his body: 
Ed. Cresacre, parson, of Arksey; and James Boiling, my son, in the 
manors of Boiling, Thornton, and Denholme, and of all the haHendole 
of my manor of Haynsworth — to myself for my life. In suffrance, Isabel, 
my wyfe, to have all the yerely issue of the halfendole of the landes at 
Mikill Boiling, and to have her dower of Haynsworth. I do order a 
gyft to Jamys, William, Umfrey, Raynbron, and Troilus Boiling, my 
sons of 40s., by the yere out of Thornton, Hethlee, and Sowden; after 
their decease to remayne to Trystram Boiling, my son and heir, and the 
heires males of his bodie.' 

Of two of the sons of Robert Boiling— Tristram and Raynbron — inter- 
esting evidences exist. Raynbron, the 3^ounger brother, was bailiff of 
the manorial property at Bradford vested in the Duchy of Lancaster, 
and held a lease of the manorial mills, &c, which in the 'Rolls Chron- 
icles' is set forth in the following terms: — "1448, 8 March. — Lease to 
farm by the advice of the Coimcil of the Duchy of Lancaster, for 7 years 
from Michaelmas last past before date of present letters, to Raynbron 
Boleling, yeoman of the King's Crown, of the cloth fulling and corn mill, 
toll, stallage, and agistment of cattle in Bradford Bank, with the per- 
quisites and shops beneath the Halls of Pleas of the town and Lordship of 
Bradford, Co. York, at an annual rent of ixl. viijd." 

In making the most of his bailiwick, Raynbron incurred considerable 
odium among the inhabitants of Bradford, and a suit was instituted in 
the Duchy Court for extortion and wrongdoing, of which the following 
is the substance, extracted from the Duchy of Lancaster Pleadings in 
the Record Office: — 

'18, Hen. VII. — Richard Tempest and others, freeholders and King's 
tenants of Bradford township, and plaintiffs. Raynbron Boiling, the 
King's bailiff, and others defendants. Deputed titles to lands, tolls of 
markets, partiality of kin, &c. 

Contra, Pleading — 

"Raynbron Boiling, bailiff of Bradford, and Godfrey Foljambe, Feo- 
dary of Tickill Honor, plaintiffs. Rich. Tempest, defendant, and 

To the Right Worshipful Chancellor Duchy of Lancaster. 

"We, Richard Tempest and Robert Leventhorp, esquires; Thos. 
Thornton, Wm. Rookes, John Rookes, Thos. Ellys, John Rawson, John 
Feld, James Webster, Thomas Bower, Wm. Bancke, Robt. Ledgard, 
Richd. Bancke, and others, freeholders and the King's tenants of the 
township of Bradford; John Threapland, John Ellingsworth, Rich. 
Hollins, John Whitacre, Thos. Aldersley, &c., freeholders and King's 
tenants of AUerton; John Wilkinson, Thos. Roper, Wm. Byrkenshaw 


&c., tenants and freeholders of Thornton; Robt. Midgley, William 
Mortymer, of Clayton; Richard Broadly, Thos. Stead, of Bowling; 
Christopher Sharp, James Sharp, Christopher Thornton, &c., of Horton; 
Joseph Thornton, Roger Thornton, &c., of Heaton; William Northrop, 
Laurence Ellynworth, William Jowett, Thos. Mortymer, Richard Rodes, 
&c., of Manningham, deposed that whereas three f aires have been held 
and kept within the lordship which were a great resort of merchants, 
chapmen, and others of the King's lieges of divers parts for the purpose 
of selling their wares to the great weal of the King's tenants of the said 
lordship and to the country adjoining. That Raynbron Boiling, the 
bailiff of the said lordship, wrongfully, by him and his deputies, taking 
excessive and imreasonable tolls of your said orators and others th'fe 
King's tenants and others the King's lieges resorting to the said faires, 
the said merchants and chapmen have withdrawn themselves and their 
merchandise from the said faires, and that thereby the said faires are 
greatly decreased, to the great hurt of all the King's tenants and ter- 
mers and freeholders of the said lordship; and also that the said Rayn- 
bron Boiling, by reason of levying excessive mulcture at the King's 
mylnes to the great hurt of your orators and taking the cattel of your 
orators and keeping them in secret places, so that your said orators 
cannot gain knowledge of them, and after keeping them a certain time 
claiming the said cattel as waifs and strays to his own uses; that in the 
16th year of Hen. VII. he caused certain women to shear twenty sheep 
of the King's tenants so that they were not known again by their owners; 
that he will not suffer any sheep of your orators to be imclipped after 
Whit-Sunday, but if there are the said bailiff will take them and cause 
them to be clipped, claiming and taking the wool to his own uses and to 
the great hurt of the King's tenants; that on the 5th of June, in the 17 
of Hen. VII. he took from Ellen, late wife of Tristram Boiling, five ewes; 
from Elizabeth Bristowe, two kye; and from William Wright one cow; 
that one William Gordon, a Scotch chapman, who was coming from Hal- 
ifax with three packs of wool, was waylaid by the said bailiffs upon Man- 
ningham Moor, because the said chapman ought to have come through 
Bradford and paid toll, and cast him down and beat him, and caused 
him to pay 6s. 8d. and above in money.' 

Raynbron's answer, which is filed in the Duchy records, states: — 'That 
there were two very great faires every year at Bradford, on the day of 
the Feast of St. Andrew, and the day of St. Peter in Cathedra, three 
days every fair — that he had to attend upon the King's daughter, the 
Queen of Scots, into Scotland, and in his absence Sir Richard Tempest 
went into the Tolbooth of Bradford and threatened his servants (the 
servants of the King's bailiff) if they took toll. That the inhabitants 
of Clayton, at the instigation of Sir Richard Tempest, waylaid John 
Aldworth, whom the said bailiff had sent to gather toll, and beat him 
unmercifully. So that he had been little able to do any work since; 
that the said Tempest had ordered all his servants and retainers, and 


had encouraged all others, to beat down the bailiff's servants when they 
gathered toll, and declared that no man should bear rule in Bradford 
but himself.' 

This interesting episode is illustrative of the exactions resorted to 
by the emissaries of King Henry VII., who made use of them to extort 
money and to heap up wealth for his own ends, which was the ruling 
object of his existence. 

(To be Continued) 



Several accounts which are expected from various members of the fam- 
ily have not yet been received; but will be printed later. 

In the "List of Revolutionary Soldiers" published by the Virginia 
State Library in 1912, the following Poindexters appear: Gabriel Poin- 
dexter, Jacob Poindexter, John Poindexter, Jonathan Poindexter, Joseph 
Poindexter (Captain Bedford Co. Militia), Levil (Lovel) Poindexter, 
and Richard G. Poindexter. 

James Poindexter, who was bom in Virginia in 1765, married May 
Thompson, of Virginia, in 1801. Can any one give the name of his father ? 
James Poindexter, has descendants in California. 

Miscellaneous Notes. 

Deed, dated March 7, 1733, and recorded in Prince William County, 
from Thomas Poindexter, house-carpenter, of Hanover County, Convey- 
ing land in Prince William County, which had been bequeathed to him 
by Rev. James Brechin, late of Westmoreland County, by his will dated 
August 19, 1721. 

Will of Elizabeth Johnson, dated July 6, 1812, and proved in Louisa Co. 
Sept. 14, 1812, names her grandchildren Lucy, Betty and Walles S. Poin- 
dexter (their mother was dead) and her son-in-law John Poindexter. 

Deed, Goochland County, May 1745, from Jolin Coles, of Henrico 
Coimty to Jacob Poindexter, of James City County. 

Deed, Goochland County, Feb. 1760, from Thomas Poindexter, of 
Goochland, to Robert Jordan of same coimty. 

Will of Benjamin Poindexter, of Cumberland County, dated Dec. 28, 
1765, and proved June, 1766, gives his friends Littleberry Mosby and 
Joseph Carrington his whole estate, including what he was to have from 
his wife Sarah as her legacy. 

Deed, 1750, from Philip Poindexter, of Cumberland County, to George 
Nicholas conveying all of the land in Cumberland where said Poindexter 

(To be Continued) 




On p. 108 of the January 1913 Magazine, George* Turner should be 
9 instead of 5 and Richard* Turner should be 10 instead of 6. By an 
accident the numbers of the children of Col. Thomas Turner were con- 
fused. The fact that two of his daughters are numbered 8 and 9 will 
cause no confusion as their names do not appear again. 

9. George* Turner of "Nanzatico" married Caroline Pratt. 
Issue: 33. John^, died unmarried, 34. George^, died unmarried: 35. 

Thomas^, died unmarried, 36. Carolinus^ (of whom later). 

10. Richard* Turner, of "Walsingham," King George Covmty, mar- 
ried Alice Fitzhugh Pratt (sister of his brother's wife). 

Issue: 37. Albert^, married Elizabeth Cary. Nelson, of Maryland (and 
had one son Albert", who never married, and one daughter Elizabeth, 
who married Judge Nathaniel B. Meade of Alexandria) ; 38. Richard H.^, 
(of whom later); 39. Virginia Anne, married Charles Tayloe of "Oaken- 
brow," King George Coimty (an estate once the property of Thomas Tur- 
ner, of "Kinloch;" but sold to one of the Tayloe family); 40. Caroline, 
married Drury Fitzhugh, of "Navarino," King George County; 41. Jane 
Columbia, married Lt. William Taylor Smith, U. S. N., of "Canning," 
King George County, (a fine estate of 4000 acres); 42. George^, of Wal- 
singham, married in 1870 Jane Charlotte Washington Fitzhugh, of "Mill- 
bank," King George County; 43. Mary Louise married her first cousin, 
Dr. John M. Robb, (whose mother was Maria Pratt) and had a number 
of children; 44. Thomas^, never married. 

11. Thomas B^. Turner of Jefferson Cotmty, married first Augusta 
Brockenbrough (who died without issue), and secondly in 1827, at "White 
Hall," King George County, Fenton, daughter of Gustavus B. Wallace, 
and thirdly Lucy Buckner. Issue: 45. Thomas", C. S. A., killed in battle 
46. Frances, married Dade; 47. daughter married Morton. 

14. William Fauntleroy^ Turner, of Jefferson County, member of 
the House of Delegates, 1843, 1844, 1845. He married first in 1845, Ellen, 
daughter of Andrew Beime, of Monroe County; and secondly, Sydney 
Patterson, of Baltimore (a niece of Madame Jerome Bonaparte). 

Issue: (1st m.) 48. Ellen Beime, married John S. Saunders of Norfolk, 
Lieutenant Colonel C. S. A., later of Baltimore; (2nd m.) Daughter, 
married Donald Swann, of Baltimore. 

24. Shirley Carter^ Turner, of Charleston, S. C, bom at "Shirley" 
Feb. 21st, 1806, married Sarah Bascombe. Issue: 50. Selina; 51. Caro- 
line; 52. Willaim8;53. Shirley"; 54. Lavinia. 

25. Thomas Turner^, bom at "Marengo," Dec. 23rd, 1807, appointed 
Midshipman U.S. N., 1825, Lieutenant 1835, Commander 1855, Captain 
July 1862, Commodore December 1862, Rear Admiral 1868. During his 


long service in the navy he displayed much skill and gallantry. He mar- 
ried Fanny Palmer and died at Glen Mills, Pa., March 24th, 1888. There 
is a notice of him in Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 

Issue: 55. Angela, married George W. Toland; 56. Julia, married Osgood 
Wellsh; 57. Edward Palmer 2nd lieutenant 10th Cavalry, U. S. A., Dec. 
18, 1871, resigned June 25, 1878; married his cousin Mary, daughter of 
Edward C. Turner, and died Jan. 13, 1901, leaving two daughters; 58. 
Jessie, married Henry Biddle of Philadelphia; 59. William, Officer U. S. 
Marine Corps, married (and had issue) ; 60. Minnie, died in childhood. 

26. William FiTZHUGH^ Turner, bom at "Eastern View," Sept. 28, 
1809, married Jane Hall of Baltimore. Issue: 61. Marian, married William 
Cerere; 62. Thomas 8, died without issue; 63. Lydia, married William 
Blanchard; 64. Eliza; 65. William H.e killed in battle 1862; 66. Sophia 
C; 67. Henry J. «; 68. Fitzhughe; 69. Horatio W.S; 70. Virginia. 

(To be Continued) 



Capt. Roger Jones 

In Bruce's Institutional History of Virginia Capt. Roger Jones is men- 
tioned in a connection which I think does him great injustice. So far 
as anything to the contrary appears, the character of Capt. Roger Jones 
was above reproach, and there was never a breath of suspicion against 
him, except for certain alleged "reports" recited in a letter of July 7, 
1692, from Lieut-Gov. Francis Nicholson and seven members of his coian- 
cil to the Lords of Trade and Plantations, ten years after the things are 
alleged to have occurred, in which the evident purpose is to impair Capt. 
Roger Jones' influence with the Commissioners of Customs for the Colony 
in London. The letter has every earmark of having been dictated by 
the vindictive and dominating spirit of Nicholson and signed by an in- 
timidated or too easy acquiescing coimcil. In order to correctly estimate 
a paper of this character it is necessary, first and above all things, to 
consider the age in which it was produced. We know that this was an 
age of intense feeling, of passionate acting, of incontinent and undiscrimi- 
nating personal abuse, and governors and councillors, though they be men 
of ever so great prominence, are nevertheless not exempt from the frail- 
ties peculiar to men of the period in which they live. The letter was 
signed by seven members of the council who were all probably, like 
Edmund Jennings, partisans of the governor. The point we are making 
is well stated by the editor of this magazine (Vol. VII., page 153), viz.: 

"Nicholson was utterly unscrupulous in regard to the charges he made 
— indeed no great importance should be attached to any defamation of 
that period. A characteristic of the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- 
turies, which all students of the time are aware of, is the curious absence 
of any sense of responsibility or regard for the truth, when an enemy was 
to be attacked. Cases occur repeatedly in the court records of the period, 
not only in the colonies but in England, where a man would make most 
scurrilous charges, and, when brought to trial, promptly and publicly 
confess that all of his statements were false." 

For a lengthy account of the methods employed by Nicholson to blast 
the reputation of those who by any chance incurred his displeasure, see 
the petition (Vol. III., pp. 173-182 of this Mag.) which resulted in his 


removal, and was presented against him in 1704 by Philip Ludwell, John 
Lightfoot, Matthew Page, Benj. Harrison, Robert Carter and James 
Blair, all members of the council. Philip Ludwell and Roger Jones were 
close friends; in the latter 's will this bequest appears: "I give to my ten 
friends hereinafter named the simie of twenty shillings apiece to buy each 
of them a ring, that is to say Sr. Richard Haddock, Coll. Philip Ludwell, 

The British Public Records Office shows that the following action was 
taken on the governor's letter: 

"Oct. 11. 2545. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. * * * 
Captain Roger Jones attended, and explaining that he intended nothing 
against the Government of Virginia, was dismissed." So, the fiasco 

The only exhibit referred to in the letter, "No. 1979," is a letter from 
Roger Jones to Peter Perry, his agent in Virginia, and reads as follows: 

"If the Government of Virginia insist on their duty on skins, and 
nothing is done on our behalf by the English Government, order all our 
skins to be packed in hogsheads and keep them till further orders. 
The Commissioners of Customs have drawn up a very favorable report, 
so that we can draw out our goods. Besides they have decided that no 
law is in force in the Colony for more than a year without the Royal 
Assent being then known, so that presumably all goods shipped after 
the expiration of a year from the date of the law will be exempt.' ' 

In the governor's letter one of the complaints against Roger Jones is 
that of "refusing to serve in any office, " which raises the question why 
they would offer him other offices if he had been so imfaithful in the only 
office he had held. The only possible explanation is their fear that in his 
efforts to protect his property, Roger Jones either had, or would induce 
the Commissioners of Customs to declare invalid an act designed to sup- 
ply the governor and council with revenue, and that all the other things 
were lugged in through spite and in the hope of injuring his influence with 
the Commissioners. 

While the governor's letter alleges but one instance in which Capt. 
Jones was "reported" to have struck the King's colors to a pirate. Dr. 
Bruce goes even the doughty old Virginia governor "several better," 
and says, in all seriousness: "His device, it appears, was to strike his 
colors to the vessels of pirates, his motive in doing so which they soon 
came to understand; and it was then their habit to dismiss him with a 
great quantity of French wines and other costly goods." That is, the 
pirates "got the habit"! All this is supposed to have occurred within a 
period of probably not exceeding six months, for Roger Jones' commission 
las captain of the sloop is dated May 28, 1683, and it is not probable that 
he would sail until legally protected by a commission, and the sloop was 
discharged November 29th following. 


The letter says that for his various derelictions Lord Culpeper 
"tried to bring him to account." Now Roger Jones resided at Green 
Spring with Lord Culpeper, during his entire residence in the colony, 
from May, 1680, to May, 1685, when he returned to London, where he re- 
sided until the day of his death. In the York County records we find this 
entry, four months before he left the colony: "These are to certifie whom 
it may conceme Y. Capt. Roger Jones & Mr. XXX Chisley intend God 
willing for Old England by the first Ships." There was therefore no 
conceivable reason why the entire machinery of the law should not have 
been put in operation against him at any moment. If the statement is 
true, it can only mean that Lord Culpeper inquired into the reports and 
failed to find any evidence to sustain them. 

There is reason to believe that Capt. Roger Jones lived in the colony, 
as he lived in London both before and after he visited the colony, in such 
state as reasonably became a gentleman of rank at the time. He had 
his coach or chariot on which were emblazoned his coat of arms quarter- 
ing his mother's and impaling his wife's arms. His coat of arms is re- 
cognized as that of an ancient Welsh family named Ap John, which was 
early seated in Nottinghamshire, where Roger Jones was married and 
buried, where they owned valuable estates, and from which family the 
College of Arms think he was descended. All the indicarions are that he 
was possessed of a competent estate before he came to Virginia, and there 
is nothing to indicate that it was enhanced in any extraordinary manner 
during his residence in the colony. 

Among the published letters of the elder Wm. Fitzhugh are several to 
Roger Jones. One, dated Jan. 8, 1682-3, addressed to him at Green 
Springs, requests his assistance in procuring for Fitzhugh's friend the 
office of sheriff of his coimty. In another letter, after his return to Lon- 
don, Fitzhugh acknowledges his indebtedness to Roger Jones for the fact 
that he and George Brent had been deputed to look after the Lord Pro- 
prietor's rents in Virginia. In another letter he desires Roger Jones to 
"negotiate" for the office of sheriff "in fee or at least for life." So, it 
appears that Capt. Roger Jones was a man of such standing and influence 
in Government circles as to be selected by Wm. Fitzhugh as one most 
likely to secure for him an appointment to an important office, and his 
influence with the Commissioners of Customs might very well have been 
feared by a man like Nicholson, and might very well have been the 
motive for a vicious attack on him in 1692. 

It is not necessary to insist, for the purpose of this contention, that 
there may not have been reports concerning Roger Jones circulated by 
some evil disposed person — what prominent man has escaped them! — 
which were seized upon by the governor and council as a basis for their 
representations; but it is contended that no evidence tending to prove the 
truth of any report was offered or referred to by them or has since been 
found, and that a man like Roger Jones should be deemed to be innocent 


even of suspicion until some evidence is forthcoming to call for a suspi- 
cion. In the petition against Gov. Nicholson a request is made for a 
commission to take proof of its statements, while in the letter against 
Roger Jones the statements are not of matters claimed to be within the 
personal cognizance of the signers — indeed Nicholson was not at the time 
a resident of the colony — and it is not pretended that there was any ev- 
idence to be had of the truth of the "reports." Dr. Bruce is asking the 
readers of his history to believe, after more than two centuries have in- 
tervened, that of which the governor and his coimcil tacitly admitted 
there was no evidence on which to found a belief, an admissibn of which 
appears to have been confirmed by an investigation conducted by Lord 
Culpeper immediately after the things are said to have occurred. 

Conceding everything that can be said for Francis Nicholson and the 
men who composed his counciil, that he made an excellent governor, that 
he was a man of such prominence and probity of character as to have been 
twice appointed royal governor of Virginia, which is more than can be 
said of any of the others who signed the paper against Roger Jones, and, 
in view of the petition presented against Gov. Nicholson by Philip Lud- 
well and other members of the council, men of as great prominence and 
probity of character as any in the colony, it merely serves the more to 
emphasize my main contention that however distinguished and above 
reproach in other respects men of the period may have been, their ^ate- 
ments concerning the character of those whom they were publicly at- 
tacking are not to be trusted. Dr. Bruce is at liberty to chose either horn 
of the dilemma. If he will accept as true the hear-say statements of 
"reports" concerning the conduct of Capt. Roger Jones, because of the 
prominence and character of the men who signed the governor's letter, 
he must likewise accept as true the statements of Philip Ludwell and 
others of equal prominence and character, as to matters of which they 
claimed to be personally cognizant and ready to prove, viz., that, owing 
to a peculiar frailty of men of the period, with which students of history 
are abimdantly familiar, the methods resorted to by men of such ex- 
cellent character as Gov. Francis Nicholson and those who measured up 
to the standard of his approval, to blast the reputation of any one who 
happened to incur their displeasure, were of the basest, most shameless 
and most unscrupulous nature, which leaves Dr. Bruce without a sem- 
blance of justification for the attitude he has assumed toward Roger 

L. H. Jones. 

Edmund Pendleton 

Mr. Hugh Blair Grigsby in "The Virginia Convention of 1776," gives 
Edmund Pendleton's public career as Burgess, Member of Convention, 
Speaker of House of Delegates and Judge. He states that the dates, and 


some of the facts in his sketch are taken from a manuscript account of 
himself, written by Pendleton in his latter days. Mr. Grigsby adds, that 
this may be seen in the archives of the Virginia Historical Society. 

But it has gone astray, and is not there now. Luckily, however, it is 
also printed in the Norfolk, Virginia, Beacon, of October 3, 1834. Camp- 
bell's History of Virginia, with Mr. Grigsby, evidently follows this ac- 
count for dates, and gives Pendleton's birth as in the year 1721; also the 
fact that he was bound as an apprentice to Colonel Benjamin Robinson, 
of Caroline County, Virginia, while in his fourteenth year. 

I have an entry from the Order Book for Caroline County, Virginia, 
which throws some additional light upon the obscure early history of 
this remarkable Virginian. From this his father's name will be learned. 
If Pendleton was, as stated by himself, in his fourteenth year when bound 
as an apprentice, he must have been bom in 1720, instead of 1721, or 
was a year older at that time, than he imagined himself. The indenture 
is also interesting as showing that Pendleton was bovind to learn "all 
things belonging to a Clerks office." 

J. H. Whitty. 

At a Court held for Caroline County on Friday the 14th day March , 

William Woodford Thos. Catlett \ 

John Martin Wm. Taliaferro r^^' J"^^''^^^- 

Its ordered and considered of the Court that Edmund Pendleton, son 
of Henry Pendleton Dec'ed, be bound (and is hereby boimd), unto Benj 
Robinson, Clerk of this Court, to serve him the full end, and term of six 
years and six months as an apprentice, to be brought up in the said office, 
which time the said apprentice his master faithfully shall serve, accord- 
ing to the usage and custom of apprentices. In consideration whereof 
the said Benjamin Robinson doth agree, that he will use the utmost of 
his endeavors to instruct his said apprentice in all things belonging to 
a clerks office, and that he will provide for him sufficient meat, drink, 
apparill, &c fitting for an apprentice during y's s'd time. 

From the records of the Order Book. 
A Copy. 

Teste. Thomas W. Valentine, Deputy Clerk." 

Nelson— Teac kle 

Hand holding fleur-de-lys 
Palman qui Meruit Ferati. 

Thomas Nelson or Neylson of York Merchant of the Staple. Lord 
Mayor of York 1454-14G5. His will proved March 22, 1184-5. One of 


the Lord Mayors direct decendants by Joan his wife was William of 
Belfast Co. York. Married Elinor Oglethorpe of that place. 

Their son William was of Bedale County, York. His son Robert 
Nelson of Barnard's Inn London was buried at St. Dtmstans in the West, 

December 21, 1641. Will proved 1642. He married Helen . 

Their son Robert admitted to Grey's Inn March 11, 1630. Will proved 
August 4, 1698. M. Mary the daughter of St. John Temple, Staunton 
Bury, Kent & Sister of Sir Thomas Temple, Bart. Gov. of Nova Scotia. 
Their only daughter, Margaret, married Rev. Thomas Teackle. 

Rev. Thos. Teackle Margaret Nelson 

John Teackle \ c tt i, 

d, > Susanna Upshur 

Burgess J 

Thomas Teackle ..Eliz. Custis 

Thomas Teackle 1735-1784 ] 

Rev. Soldier, brother of j Elizabeth Upshur 

Severn 1756 J 

John Teackle Ann Stockley Upshur 

Lavinia Teackle Wm. Graham of Ireland 

Wm. Hamilton Graham Isabella Brown 

Elizabeth Graham Wm. H. Whitridge 

A very interesting old wallet was found in the papers of the late Severn 
Teackle Waters decendant of Severn son of Thos^ containing the births 
& deaths of his children in Thos. (1711-1769) handwriting. It is now 
owned by a great-grand-daughter, Mrs. Giflfin of Baltimore, also a very 
interesting record of Severn Teackle's Revolutionary record. 

If you so desire I know she would send you copies. 

Mrs. W. H. W., Baltimore. 

Two Students from Virginia at the University of Edinburgh; with 

a note regarding early botanical dissertations by Virginians at the 

University of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. James Jones of Nottoway County, member of the Virginia Council 
of State and member of Congress, [1819-1823], was a graduate, in med- 
icine, of the University of Edinburgh, 1796. See his Disputatio Medica 
Granguralis de Tetano, Edinburgh, 1796 [Library of Hampden Sidney 
College]. This book of 50 pages is dedicated to Dr. George Brown of 
Baltimore, and Dr. John Patterson of Virginia. Dr. Jones was a grad- 
uate of Hampden Sidney College, 1791. 

Dr. David Floumoy of Prince Edward County, (probably a son of 
Thomas Floumoy, See Magazine II, 200), was a student at the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh before 1800, as appears from a note book kept by him. 
This book came into the possession of the celebrated Dr. John Peter 


Mettauer of Prince Edward County, and passed from his library to that 
of the late Dr. J. D. Eggleston, whose son, the Hon. J. D. Eggleston, 
formerly Superintendent of Public Instruction, now owns the book, as 
well as very many other valuable books from the library of Dr. Mettauer. 

In this connection, it is of interest to recall the names of certain Vir- 
ginians who about 1800 submitted dissertations on botanical subjects for 
the doctor's degree at the University of Pennsylvania, under the elder 
Barton. Dr. Miller printed a list of such dissertations in his Retro- 
spect OF THE Eighteenth Century, New York, 1803, I, p. 511, on 
the Kalmia Latifolia and Angustifolia, by George Thomas of Vir- 
ginia; on the Prunus Virginiana, by Charles Morris of Virginia; on the 
Magnolia Glauca, by Thomas D. Price of Virginia; on the Bignonia 
Catalpa, by Robert Holmes of Virginia; on the Polygala Senega, 
['About 1740, Dr. Tennant of Virginia published a small work on the 
Pleurisy, in which he brought into view the virtues of Seneka Snake root, 
before unknown' — Miller, I, 318.], by Thomas Massie of Virginia; on 
the Cornus Florida, and Sericea, and the Cinchona Officinalis, by 
John M. Walker of Virginia. 

Dr. Miller's list contains twelve items only, the authors representing 
the States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, and the 
'Kingdom of Ireland' . Virginians therefore contributed half the number. 
It may be remarked that the "Virginia Doctors" before 1825 in Phila- 
delphia were often, if studious, also uproarious. 

Of his list, Dr. Miller observes, "The authors of all the dissertations 
above-mentioned, reside to the South of New York, excepting the stu- 
dent from Ireland." The University of Pennsylvania naturally drew 
its patronage from the region south of New York, but Dr. Miller, in 
another part of his work (I, 317) brings out the fact that "during the 
greater part of the century tmder review, and especially the earlier 
periods of it, medical science was cultivated with most success in the 
Middle and Southern States.*) A taste for researches in natural his- 
tory also appeared, particularly the States of South Carolina, Virginia, 
Pennsylvania and New York, long before a similar taste was formed to 
the Eastward." 

Alfred J. Morrison. 

* — Dr. Miller (Professor in the Theological Seminary at Prince- 
ton), quotes a letter (I, 491) to him from Bishop Madison, President of 
William and Mary— "Dr. McClurg, of our City (Williamsburg), was 
educated at this college. After completing the usual course here, he 
studied physic at Edinburgh; was a favorite pupil of the celebrated 
Black; and gained much applause by his treatise De Calore. Indeed, I 
have lately seen in the Annals de Chimic, I think, for the year 1800, the 
confession that Dr. McClurg first started the idea concerning heat, 
which the French philosophers have since pursued with so much sue- 


Lord Effingham 

1686 July 5 London Gazette p. 22 

London, June 30. This day came into the River the Ship Barnaby 
from Virginia, having on Board the Body of the Right Honourable the 
Lady Howard of Eflfingham, who died in Virginia; And of her eldest 
Daughter Mrs. Margaret Howard, who died in her Passage hither, both 
which are to be Interred at Lyngfaeld in Surrey, among the Ancestors 
of that Noble Family. This Ship left my Lord Howard very well re- 
covered of his late Sickness. 

Early Virginians in Maryland 
(Communicated by Charles H. Browning, Ardmore, Pa.) 

In his book, "Virginia Genealogies," (1891), Mr. Hayden, in his ac- 
count of the Ball family, (pp. 52-3), in giving the issue of Col. William 
Ball, the presumed immigrant of this family, states: 

"1. Richard, d. infant, as he is not named in Col. B's will," (which 
was dated 15 Oct. 1680). 

Already, it has been sufficiently proved in this Magazine (Vol. VIII. 
p. 80), that this "Richard Ball" did not die an infant, as Hayden sup- 
posed, but lived to die in 1677, about three years before the date of his 
father's will and decease, at what age is imknown, but it was some thirty 
years after it was presumed that he "died an infant." 

In addition to v^^hat has been recorded of this Richard Ball in this 
Magazine, there are the following items from Maryland records, which 
also concern other early Virginians. 

Baltimore C. H. Record Office, Deed Bk. Lib. IR, No. PP, fo. 88. 

"Know all men by these presents, that I, William Clapham, in ye 
County of Lancaster, Virginia, have made, and constituted, ordained, 
and appointed Mr. Thomas Todd, of Patapsco, Baltimore County, Prov- 
ince of Maryland, my la'W'ful Attorney to be acknowledged either in 
Baltimore County, or the Provincial Court of Maryland. In Witness, I 
have hereunto sett my hand and Seal this 26th Day of May, 1670. 

William Clapham. 
Signed, sealed and Delivered in the presence of us, 

Wm. Ball. 
Richard Lunsfield. 

"I, Jane Clapham, wife of the above named William Clapham, doe 
hereby give, and grant my full and free assent and consent to the Saile 
of ye above mentioned 500 acres of Land, and doe hereby constitute and 
ordain the above named Mr. Thomas Todd to be my true and Lawful 


Attorney to acknowledge the same in any of the Courts above mentioned, 
allowing and confirming what he shall doe. Jane Clapham. 

(Witnessed as above, by Ball and Limsfield). 

These two powers of attorney were part of the following deed of con- 

"Whereas, Walter Dickerson by his Ingagement, or condition, under 
hand bearing Date 22d Day of Nov. 1639, doth bind and oblige himself, 
his heirs and Executors, to take up 500 acres of land in Patapsco River, 
in the Province of Md. and to erect two houses, or Edifices thereon, and 
to deliver a Patent for the same soe taken up and built upon, to William 
Clapham, Sen'r, or his assigns, at or before the first day of Feb. 1660, 
as by the said Condition more at large appeareth. 

"Now, for as much as ye sd Dickerson failed of Performance of the sd 
Condition both in delivering a Patent and building ye sd Houses, which I, 
the sd William Clapham, was utterly incapable to force him to in regard 
of ye great distance of my residence from him, did therefore on ye 20th 
Day of Oct. 1668, for a valuable consideration to me paid by RICHARD 
BALL, of Patapsco afsd in ye Province of Maryland, assign and sett over 
unto ye sd Richard Ball, his heirs and assigns forever the said Judgement, 
or Condition with all my whole right title and claim to and in ye same, 
with a Letter of Attorney bearing the same date, to sue for and recover 
the sd 500 acres of Land, to his, the said Richard Ball's own proper use 
and behoof, by virtue of which Letter of Attorney having treated with 
ye said Dickerson hee ingaged himself by the first of month last past, 
1669, to deliver to said Richard Ball a Patent for 500 acres of Land lying 
in Patapsco River, aforesaid, which hath remained upon Record in the 
sd Province since ye year * * * * 

"Entered by said Dickerson, in the said Clapham's name, to be the 
Land for satisfaction of ye said Condition, and then also to build ye said 
Houses, but hath not yet performed the said promises, nor put into ac- 
tual possession thereof. "Now, these presents thereof Witness, that I, the 
sd WILLIAM CLAPHAM, doe here by from myself, my heirs and admin- 
istrators, grant, bargain and sell and confirm unto the sd RICHARD 
BALL, his heirs and assigns, forever, 500 acres of Land, with all Edi- 
fices and priveleges thereunto appertaining, or belonging, and for the 
better and more authentique confirmation of ye said Saile have ap- 
pointed Mr. Thomas Todd of Patapsco, to be my true and Lawful At- 
torney to act for me and in my name to acknowledge the same. 

William Clapham." 

William Clapham, Sr. and Jr., are noticed in this Magazine, in Vols. 
IV. p. 81, V. pp. 159. 431, XII. p. 404, XIII, p. 129, showing that William 
Clapham was a grantee for Va. land as early as 1635, and that he and 
his son were tithables in Lancaster Co. and officers of the parish church, 
1652, &c. 


Richard Ball died intestate in Maryland, in 1677, and his father. Col. 
William Ball, administered on his estate, and after paying the debts, 
what was left of the aforesaid 500 acres went to his only child, Hannah, 
wife of Thomas Everest, also a Lancaster Co. man, who was"an evidence" 
to the signature of Col. Wm. Ball affixed to his will, 5 Oct. 1680. The 
Everests sold the tract, by deed dated 12 May 1681, to Nathaniel Hinch- 
man, and removed into Calvart Co., where they lived at The Cliffs, 
in 1683. The tract, known as "Clapham Point," lay in "the East side 
of the Patapsco River," in Baltimore Co. Md. and in time was divided 
and sold. Col. John Thomas, by indenture dated 6 Nov. 1700, sold 102 
acres of it "for £140 of good Lawful money of England." 

Further as to Mr. Hayden's "Ball" pedigree, (p. 65), he states that 
Capt. Joseph Ball, of "Coan," No'd Co., will proved in 1721, m. Mary, 
dau. of Col. Nicholas Spencer. This is an error. His wife was Mary, 
dau. of Spencer Mottram. Mr. Hayden also was uncertain as to who was 
the wife of Capt. George Ball, (p. 66), will proved in 1746. She wa* 
Grace, dau. of Anthony Haynie, will proved in 1709, and his wife, Sarah, 
dau. of Major John Harris, will proved in 1713. This Sarah m. 2d, 
Francis Waddy, of No'd Co. And Capt. Ball's son Joseph (p. 67) m. 
Hannah, dau. of Capt. William Haynie and his wife, Jane Waddy, andsaid 
Joseph Ball's sister Sarah Ball, m. Christopher Dameron, of Wicomico, 
will proved in 1764. 

Entries in Read Bible 

The Revd Thomas Read was bom on Gwyns Island in Virginia, 18th 
March 1748 [he died 1826], and was married to Sarah Magruder Daugh- 
ter of Zadok and Rachel Magruder 14th October 1779 — Sarah his wife 
was bom 23d Jime 1755; and had Issue as in record of Births — 

The Revd Thomas Read, is the son of Gwyn and Dorothy Read, who 
was the daughter of the Revd Mr. Clack & Jane his wife, bom 24 
August 1714, they had Issue — 

1. Robert Read born 4 April 1734. 

2. Lucy Read bom 26 Deer. 1735. 

3. James Read bom 20 Mar. 1737. 

4. Gwyn Read born 5 Apl. 1740. 

5. Dorothy Read bom 11 Nov. 1742. 

6. Jane Read bom 25 Nov. 1744. 

7. John Read born 12 Mar. 1746. 

8. Thomas Read bom 18 Mar. 1748. 

9. Mary Read bom 27 May 1751. 

10. Mildred Read bom 30 May 1753. 

11. William Read bom 20 July 1755. 

12. Francis Read bom 6 Augt. 1756. 

13. William Read bom 25 Oct. 1758. 


The Revd Thomas Read's children — 

1. John Magruder Read bom July 12th 1780. 

2. Ann Read bom June 8th 1783. 

3. Elizabeth Read bom Jany. 12th 1787. 

4. Robert Read bom Apl. 22nd 1789. 

5. Susanna Read bom July 4th 1791, 

6. Thomas Read bom May 7th 1794. 

7. James Read bora June 4th 1796. 

Deaths of the above — 

Ann Read died 14 June 1783. 

Gwyn Read, Father of the Revd Thomas Read died June 1762 — Doro- 
thy his wife May 1797. 

Col. Zadok Magmder died 12 April 1811 aged 81. Rachel his wife 
died 8th Jany 1807— The Father and mother of Sarah Read wife of the 
Rev. Thomas Read. 

Marriages — 

John Magruder Read to Mary Ann Clark the 9 November 1802. 
Susanna Read to Alexr. Suter April 20, 1815. 
Robert Read to Jane Lynn Lackland Oct. 21st 1817. 

[Gwyn Reade, who died Jime 1762, was son of Benjamin Reade and 
grandson of Col. George Reade. See William and Mary Quarterly, XV, 

Will of Christian Eppes — 1799. 

In the name of God, Amen 

I Christian Eppes of City Point, being in soxmd mind and perfect 
Health, though knowing the uncertainty of Life; do ordain the folowing 
to be, my last Will and Testament. 
In. primis. 

I give and Bequeath unto my loving son Archibald Eppes, one third 
of my Slaves, with one half of my Stock of Horses, Cows, Hogs, and Sheep 
also my Carriage and carriage Horses, together with all the Fumiture 
of my House, Kitchen utensils, and plantation utensils, and everything 
else that belongs to me, which shall not hereafter be expressly given 
away, — 

I give and bequeth unto my loving son Robertson Eppes, one third 
of my Slaves, with the remaining half of my stock of Horses, Cattle, Hogs 
and Sheep, — 



I give and bequeath unto my loving son William Eppes, the Remain- 
ing third of my slaves, together with one Feather Bed, a Horse Bridle 
and Saddle, — In case any one on my sons should die before the age of 
Twenty one or without Will, — I then give and bequeath, that property, 
which I left my deceased son to my two Remaining sons, and in case two 
should die before the age of twenty one, or without wills, I then give and 
bequeath all my property to my Surviving son. So that it is my full wish 

and Meaning, that neither of my Daughters, shall have any part 

of the above property, dtiring the Life of either one of my three Sons — 

I give and bequeath unto my Loving Daughter Christian Gilliam 
twenty five pounds to be laid out in some thing by which I may be Re- 
membered, I also give and bequeth unto my Loving Daughter Polly 
Eppes, one Negro girl, by name Tabby, together with twenty five pounds 
to be laid out in a like manner — It is my wish and desire, that the five 
Hundred and fifty potmds which I lent my son Richard Eppes, should be 
paid by his heirs, to my son William, as a part of the Legacy left him by 
his Father. 

I likewise wish my Crops and all other property arising from the 
Estate, and money due it, first to be appropriated to the payment of my 
debts, and the ballance if any, to be divided equally between my Sons, — 
To the full execution of this my last will and testament. I appoint my 
two Loving Sons, Archibald Eppes, and Robertson Eppes, Together 

with my Brother Archibald. In witness whereof, I have hereunto 

Sign my Name, this tenth day of February in the year of our 

Lord one Thousand seven Hundred and ninety nine 

Christian Eppes. 

It is my wish that the five Hundred and fifty pounds which I lent 
my son Richard Eppes for the purpose of building, should not carry in- 
terest untill my death and then for it to be appropriated in the way which 
I have before directed, so that the principle and interest arising there- 
from, shall by no means exceed the legacy left my son William Eppes by 
his Father. 

Marshall Notes 

„, ,, „ , Ft. Smith, Ark., March 22, 1913. 

Hon. Wm. M. Paxton, 

Platte City, Mo. 

My Dear Honored Sir: — 

It is with profoimd respect and esteem that I greet you, my venerable 
friend, after a long silence. You have passed the 94th mile post in life's 
journey, and may you pass many more, is my prayer. 

I made the trip of my life during Aug., Sept. & Oct. of last year, spend- 
ing nine weeks in Kentucky and Virginia, searching State and County 


records, old family Bibles, tombstones &c. for genealogical data. I 
am happy to state that I found a great deal of most valuable and inter- 
esting data, relating to several families, among them, the Marshalls of 
Henry Co., Ky. Soon after my return home I was taken down sick and 
have not been able to get to my office now for several months. Am 
slowly improving now and hope to get out as soon as the weather turns 

There were two William Marshalls who lived and died in Henry 
County, Ky. at an early day, one the Rev. Wm. Marshall, whose will 
you give a partial copy of at pp. 33-34 of your Marshall Family. I made 
a full copy of this will, dated Dec. 18, 1806, probated at New Castle 
Dec. Term of Co. Court, 1809. My copy I made from the original will. 
The other William Marshall lived and died at "Fairhope," (name of 
residence) on his 1,000 acre survey on Little Kentucky, and he was the 
ancestor of the wife of Col. R. C. Anderson, Judge Wm. S. Pryor, who 
will be 88 years old on April 1st. next, Mrs. Wiley of Fresno, Cal., who 
has the wonderful old Marshall Bible, my nephew, Arthur Pryor Strother, 
et, al. This Wm. Marshall died intestate in 1810; the appraisers were 
sworn by "W. Webb," Justice of the Peace, Aug. 25, 1810; see Will Book 1 
p. 240. His son, John Marshall, was appointed administrator and filed his 
inventory, of date Sept. 3, 1810, which was ordered recorded at Sept. 
Term 1810, see p. 241. Report of sale of date Oct. 25, 1810, approved at 
Dec. Term 1810, id. pp. 255-256, id. pp. 304 to 308 is settlement of John 
Marshall Admr. Est. of William Marshall, Deed. Among the items are 
the following: "For clothing bought for Lucy Marshall at her father's 
funeral 16.673^." "Paid to James John for making coffin for said Lucy 
Marshall 11.00." 

This settlement was filed at May Court 1812. 

From Deed Book 4. p. 504, I abstracted the following: 

"We William Middleton, David White, Jun, & Isham Henderson ap- 
pointed by virtue of a bond executed on — day of — 1813, arbitrators 
to settle the personal estate of Wm. Marshall deed. & Lucy Marshall 
deed, between the heirs and representatives of said decedents John 
Marshall being one of the heirs — also former administrator of the Est. 
of said William deceased & having met at the house of John Samuel in 
New Castle on the 25th February 1813 & having made adjournments to 
this day & having proceeded according to the conditions of said bond. 
Do now finally award that the said John Marshall Admr. as aforesaid is 
indebted to Richard C. Anderson in the right of his wife Sally the sum 
of two hundred fifty seven dollars twenty seven cents, to William Webb 
in right of his wife Polly the sum of seventy Dollars nine cents, to Anne 
C. Samuell one hundred and fifteen dollars seventy nine cents, to Robert 
Tompkins in right of his wife Frances Sixty seven dollars seventy nine 
cents, & that the said Administrator make payments to the said heirs 


accordingly or execute his note to them respectively for the same." 
Dated March 5th, 1813. Recorded March 6, 1813. 

In deed Book 1 p. 115, is deed from William Marshall of Henry Co. 
Ky. to Wm. Kinice, dated, Feby. 10, 1801, conveying 100 acres on Pat- 
ton's creek (now in Trimble county.) His wife must have been dead 
at this time. 

In D. B. 4. 656, July 18, 1809, "Wm. Marshall of Henry Co. Ky." to 
John Doag (?), 25 pounds conveys tract "on waters of Little Ky. 
being part of said Marshall Survey of 1000 acre tract." 100 acres is 
Recorded Aug. 7, 1809. (signed) "Wm. Marshall (seal)." 

"Kentucky Patents in Virginia 

State Land Oflfice, Book 23, p. 457, is patent to William Marshall, 3, 
March, 1791, 1000 acres adjoining James Pattons 8400 acre survey, upon 
Land Office Treasury Warrant No. 3352, issued 4 Mch 1780. 

The marriage records of Henry County, Ky. show that John Marshall 
(the Administrator above) married Milly Field April 11, 1813. She was 
a descendant of Col. John Field, who was killed at Point Pleasant, Oct. 
10, 1774. John Marshall, ("Capt. Jack") was drowne4 in the Ohio river 
during a storm. He was the ancestor of Mrs. Wiley of Fresno, Cala. 
but not of my nephew, Arthur Pryor Strother, as you state in some of 
your letters. He is a descendant of said John Marshall's sister, "Polly 
Webb," who married William Webb, Jr. son of Wm. Webb, Sr., who 
resided on lands adjoining said William Marshall, and the Wm. Webb., 
Jr. homestead is said to have been a part of the William Marshall 1000 
acre survey. I found the old Wm. Webb, Sr. Bible in Lagrange, Ky. 
& copied the family records therein, Wm. Webb, Sr. was b. Apl. 21, 1741. 
Mary, his wife b. Mch. 14, 1749, married Dec. 7, 1769. "Will son of 
William and Mary b. May 1, 1772." Wm. Webb, Sr. died June 15, 1827. 

I visited the old William Marshall home, "Fairhope," in the edge of 
Trimble coimty, Ky., which county was cut off from Henry and other 
counties, in 1836. I ate dinner there with the present owner, Mr. James B. 
Sibley, an old friend of mine. I was greatly surprised to find this old Mar- 
shall home to be the identical old John Sibley place I visited over fifty 
years ago, with my good old grandfather, Rev. George Strother, who was 
bom in Culpeper coimty, Va., Feb. 14, 1776, and died in Trimble county, 
Ky., July 30, 1864. I visited Mr. James B. Sibley and his sister there 
in 1870 odd. After a splendid dinner, in company with Mr. James B. 
and his elder brother, Mr. Leonard Sibley, I went to the old William 
Marshall grave yard, east of the dwelling some 200 yards, and there 


examined the tombstones to the many graves, but unfortvinately there 
was but one marble stone among them, and that is to the grave of "Polly 
Webb," and reads as follows: 

"Polly M. 

Wife of 

Wm. Webb 

Died of Cholera 

Aug. 25, 1850 

in her 62 year 

Prepare to follow me." 

The grave yard is in the edge of a grove, and a large wild cherry tree 
has grown up on the grave of Polly Webb and has pushed the stone over 
considerably. All other graves were marked by native rough stones of 
good size, but with no inscriptions on them. Mr. Leonard Sibley stated 
to me, then and there, that he was present when the grave of Polly Webb 
was dug, and saw her body put therein. That the negro man who dug 
the grave was standing by him when the sled, bringing the remains to 
the grave came near, gave an exclamation of fright and disappeared 
in the woods. 

When we returned to the house, Mr. James B. Sibley pointed out a 
spot in the garden, just back of the dwelling, and remarked that, "Maj. 
Anderson of Sumter fame, was bom on that spot; that a log house once 
stood there, which was the original Marshall home, and that he had re- 
moved a number of the foundation stones from that spot." 

That wonderful old Marshall Bible now in the possession of Mrs. Mary 
Marshall Wiley, of Fresno, California, gives the date of birth of Mary 
(Polly) Marshall as follows: "Mary Marshall, b. Nov. 10, 1776, m. 
William Webb." This entry and the tombstone inscription do not tally 
by a good deal. This old Marshall-Sibley home is located on the north 
side of the Little Kentucky Creek, about one and a half miles E. of N. of 
Sulphur station, on the Louisville and Cincinnati Short Line, now oper- 
ated by the Louisville and Nashville R. R. 

Mr. John Sibley, the father of the above named James B. and Leonard 
Sibley bought this Marshall place a few years after the death of Wm. 
Marshall and lived there until his death, which occurred Aug. 14, 1877. 

This William Marshall, and Samuel Pryor, (the grandfather of my 
old friend and kinsman, Judge Wm. S. Pryor, of New Castle, Henry Co., 
Ky., who will be 88 years old on the 1st. day of next month, as above 
stated,) were among the 12 jurors who were appointed by the County 
Court of Henry County, Ky., to assess the damages to adjoining prop- 
erty owners, by reason of the mill race, dam &c. of George Strother's 
mill site on Com Creek, Henry county, Ky. The jury reported on Aug. 


24, 1802, that there were no damages to other property owners, as the 
race and dam were on the lands belonging to said George Strother. 
This George Strother was the writer's grandfather. 

I trust this letter will be of interest to you, and will say that I could 
give more of the Henry county, Ky. records, which would be of interest 
to the direct descendants of this William Marshall, but will not mention 
them now. 

With kindest regards and great respect, I am 

Sincerely yours, 

Henry Strother. 

Ft. Smith, Ark., March 10th, 1913. 
County Clerk of Westmoreland County, Montross, Va. 
Dear Sir:— 

I desire to know from you who made the Marshall will, stated by Mr. 
Wm. M. Paxton in his "Marshall Family" as of date 1st day of April, 
1752, Probated May 26, 1752, with Benjamin Rollins, William Houston 
& Augustine Smith, witnesses, "and which mentions the following 
children: daughter, "Sarah Lovell," daughter, "Ann Smith," daughter, 
"Lizzie Smith," wife "Elizabeth Marshall," son, "John," son, "Thomas, 
son, "William," son, "Abraham," daughter, "Mary," daughter, "Peggy." 

Mr. Henry Marmaduke, who recently examined records in your office, 
reports this as the will of William Marshall, and from other source it is 
reported to be the will of Thomas Marshall. Please settle this ques- 
tion for me! Last Sept. I examined the record of the will of the above 
widow, Elizabeth Marshall, of date April 17, 1779, proven May 17,1779, 
recorded in Will Book "B." p. 287-9 in Culpeper C. H. "Abraham" 
above is called "Markham," which was his correct name. I know 

there is a Thomas Marshall will in your office of date, , probated, 

May 31, 1704, but I am not after that will now. 

It may be of interest to you to know that the above Henry Marmaduke 
was a Lieutenant on the Merrimack in her fight with the Monitor, and 
is about the last survivor of that crew. He is a son of Governor M. M. 
Marmaduke, and a brother of General and Governor John S. Marmaduke 
of Missouri. I have known him many years. 

I hope some day to get to your county and himt up what Strother 
records you may have in your office. Is the original will mentioned 
above, in your office now, or were the old papers destroyed during Rev- 
olutionary War, or Civil War? 

Trusting that you may give me an early reply, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 

Henry Strother. 


(Note— On March 21st, 1913, I reed, from the Clerk the following, 
written on the bottom of the original of this, which was returned to me. 
The red ink marks &c above correspond to the Clerk's check marks & 

H. Strother. 

'Dear Sir:— 

The will above to which you have reference is neither the will of 
Thomas nor of William Marshall, but is the will of John Marshall, and is 
of the date and mentions the children as you have them stated above 
and of which I have checked. We have no will on record of a William 
Marshall but there is a will of Thomas Marshall, probated 1704 as stated 
above in your letter. 
Trusting this is satisfactory, I am. 

Yours very truly, 
(signed) "Albert Stuart, Dept. Clerk of the Circuit Court of 
Westmoreland County, Virginia. 
March 17, 1913." 
(The above is a true copy of the reply of the Clerk, made by me this 
March 21, 1913.) 

Henry Strother. 

PoiNDEXTER CORRECTION. In Vol. XX, 107, fot Triton, read Irion. 
Sarah Poindexter born about 1744, married Aug. 12, 1765, Philip Jacob 
Irion, and died October 27, 1814, leaving a large family. Most of her 
descendants reside in Louisiana. 



Chronicles of the Scx)tch-Irish SETn.EMENT in Virginia [Abstracts of 
the Records of Augusta County, Virginia]. Extracts from the 
original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800. By Lyman 
Chalkley, Dean of the College of Law of Kentucky University, 
late Judge of the Cotinty Court of Augusta Coimty, Virginia. 
Published by Mary S. Lockwood, Honorary Vice-President Gen- 
eral, National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. 
Complete in three volumes, Vol. IL Printers — The Common- 
wealth Company, Rosslyn, Va. pp. 653, with full index. 
All the good things which have been said about the first volume 
of this series can be repeated and emphasized in regard to this one. It 
includes abstracts of the papers filed in suits in the old district and cir- 
cuit courts at Staunton, comprising depositions, wills, deeds, bills and 
answers, &c, which contain so much information that, literally, it seems 
there cannot be a name between the Potomac and the North Carolina 
line, the Blue Ridge and the Ohio, which is not mentioned. As many 
Eastern Virginia people owned land in the Western portion of the colony 
and state, and as the jurisdiction of these courts extended to some of 
the counties this side the mountains, there are also many references to 
Eastern people. For instance, in 1804, there is a suit by Chiswell's 
heirs, which gives the names of all of the descendants of Col. Jno. Chis- 
well up to that date. 

The genealogical interest is only a part of the value of the book. 
It shows, in a way never shown before, the immense and long continued 
emigration from Augusta and adjoining coimties to the West and South. 
It gives details of many early settlements along the frontier, and shows 
who built the forts and cabins. It illustrates a land-hunger such as has 
only been revealed in later times when the United States has opened up 
new areas for settlement. There are masses of information about the 
soldiers of the French and Indian, and Revolutionary wars. Hundreds 
of pages are given to the marriage records of Augusta, Rockbridge and 
Rockingham. There are references to schools and school-masters on 
pages 24, 28, 78, 124, 144, 160, 200, 208, 217, (two), 218, 221, 224, 226, 264, 
268, and possibly others places. 

On p. 258 is a very interesting extract from the will of Dr. James 
Hopkins of Amherst Co., who, in 1803, made what was probably the first 
bequest of its kind in Virginia; and who left property to found a small 
hospital for the treatment of consumption, cancer and venereal disease. 
Only an examination of the book itself can give a proper idea of the va- 
riety and value of its contents. 


There are probably, of course, errors in transcription or printing, 
but one which has been noted is of interest. The Richmond County 
home of John Monroe, a kinsman of the President, is printed Fanlis. It 
should be Foulis, showing that the Virginia family remembered the old 
home in Scotland. 

As was the case with the previous volume the index is very good. 

Mrs. Lockwood's address is The Columbia, Washington, D. C. 

Portraits of Patrick Henry. By Charles Henry Hart, Philadelphia, 
1913. Reprint from Proceedings of the Numismatic and Anti- 
quarian Society of Philadelphia, pp. 5, with engravings of the 
Thomas Sully portrait and Lawrence Sully miniature. 
In the paper here printed Mr. Hart studies the two portraits of 
Patrick Henry, pronovinces against the accuracy of the well-known por- 
trait by Thomas Sully, formerly owned by Mr. W. W. Henry of this city, 
and attributes high value to the miniature, imtil recently the property of 
Mr. J. Syme Fleming, also of this city. Mr. Hart discovered that the 
miniature was by Lawrence Sully and was painted in 1795. 

Virginia and the Independence of Texas. By James E. Winston. 

Reprint from the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, January, 

1913, pp. 7. 

Professor Winston briefly but interestingly describes the part 
taken by Virginians in securing the independence of Texas. Besides 
such leaders as Austin, Houston and Archer, there were many other 
Virginians who did honorable and useful service. 

Carlyle Family and Descendants of John and Sarah (Fairfax) Car- 
lyle. The Carlyle House and its Associations. By Richard 
Henry Spencer, Richmond, Va. Whittet and Shepperson, 1910, 
pp. 58, with 14 illustrations. 

Mr. Spencer has given a carefully prepared and interesting account 
of the Carlyle family in Scotland, of their descendant, John Carlyle, of 
Alexandria, Va., and of the few old houses still standing in that City, 
which he built, and which is noted as having been the scene of the con- 
ference at which Braddock planned his unlucky campaign. 

Literary Influences in Colonial Newspapers, 1704-1750. By Eliza- 
beth Christine Cook, Ph.D., New York. Columbia University 
Press, 1912. Lemcke & Buechner, New York, Agents, pp. 279, 
with index. 

A thesis for a doctorate in a college or vmiversity of good standing 
is usually quite a worthy product of grubbing among "the sources" for 
information in regard to a subject which the writer has previously known 
little or nothing about. Often the investigations of the student produce 
something of real value. They rarely do more, and the results are fre- 
quently dreary reading even for the most interested. 


Not so with Miss Cook. She has taken a subject which evidently 
appealed strongly to her and in regard to which she already had much 

From Boston to Charleston all of; the Colonial newspapers prior 
to 1750 have been carefully studied and the various literary influences 
shown are noted. The result is a book which is not only very instructive, 
but which will prove most attractive to all interested in English litera- 
ture and its influence in the Colonies. It is a delightful book. 

The author treats, in separate chapters, of The New England 
CouRANT, The New England Weekly Journal, Bradford's American 
Mercury, The Pennsylvania Gazette, the war between Bradford's 
New York Gazette, and Zenger's New York Weekly Journal, The 
Maryland Gazette, The Virginia Gazette, The South Carolina 
Gazette and a good bibliography. 

We in Virginia are, of course, most interested in the chapter on 
our gazette. The author examines at length a series of essays in the 
Virginia Gazette of 1738, entitled "The Monitor", and finds them to be 
evidently by a Virginia author. As compared with other original essays 
in the colonial press, she gives this series a high place. In concluding 
this chapter, Miss Cook says: "The extant files, as we have seen, furnish 
a variety of excellent prose and tolerable verse. Most of the prose could 
stand comparison with the best pieces in the Pennsylvania Gazette 
[Franklin's paper], while it would be a poor compliment to the verse 
in the Virginia Gazette to compare it with that in any other Colonial 
weekly except the Charleston paper." 

The opinion of a scholarly New England woman in regard to sub- 
jects of which she is so competent to speak must have much weight. 

JOHN MARSHALL— An Address by Mary Newton Stanard. Read 
before the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, at 
the opening of John Marshall House, Thursday, March 27, 1913. To- 
gether with a description of the House and its contents. Published by 
the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities. William 
Ellis Jones's Sons, Inc., printers, Richmond, Va., 1913. pp. 48. Seven 
full page illustrations. 

For sale at the John Marshall House, Richmond, Virginia. Price, 
Fifty Cents. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXI. OCTOBER, 1913. No. 4 


A Bibliography of Muster and Pay Rolls, Regimental 

Histories, Etc., with Introductory and Explanatory 

Notes by C. A. Flagg, Catalogue Division, and 

W. O. Waters, Bibliography Division, 

Library of Congress. 

(Continued from Vol. XX, 281.) 

Regiments of the Virginia State Line. 

A note on the status of these regiments was given in the 
introduction (Virginia Magazine, October, 1911, v. 19, p. 407). 
These state regiments were regular troops of Virginia, raised 
in addition to the regiments in the Continental line. As with 
the latter, their service was not confined to the defence of the 
commonwealth, but several of the state regiments rendered 
aid to the general cause beyond the present boundaries of 


In 1782 a Board of field officers, appointed by the Governor 
of Virginia, made a report on the officers entitled to half-pay. 
The list of state organizations included in their report (see 
House report 191, 22d Congress, 1st session) is as follows: 

First state regiment. 

Second state regiment. 

State artillery regiment (Marshall's). 

State garrison regiment (Muter's). 

Illinois dragoons (Rogers'). 

State cavalry regiment (Nelson's). 

Illinois regiment (Clark's). 

Crockett's regiment. 
It seems proper to add to the list Taylor's Convention guards, 
an organization raised and officered by the state at the request 
of Congress, for the ptupose of guarding Burgoyne's troops 
dtuing their residence in Virginia. Although on Continental 
establishment, this was not a Continental Hne regiment, nor 
can it be considered as belonging to the militia. 

The two legions authorized by an act passed in June, 1781, 
should also be included in the list of state regiments. These 
were raised for defence of the state at the time of the British 
invasion, and served until the close of the war. 

First State Regiment, 1776-1782. 

One of three regiments authorized by the General Assembly in Decem- 
ber, 1776. Field officers for the First regiment were elected by the 
General Assembly, December 19-20, 1776. William Grayson was chosen 
Colonel, but did not accept his commission and entered the Continental 
service soon after Enlistments for the state regiments were slow, Governor 
Henry reporting in March, 1777, that the quotas were not half full. In 
June, 1777, Lieutenant-Colonel Haynes Morgan was chosen by the General 
Assembly to succeed Colonel Grayson. In July, 1777, the First regiment' 
commanded by Colonel George Gibson, was on the march to join General 
Washington. Colonel Gibson had been elected colonel of the Third reg- 
iment the previous month, and the reason of his transfer to the First 
regiment is not clear. It would appear, however, from the Journal of 
the House of Delegates, November 28, 1777, that Colonel Morgan had 
been placed in command of all the state infantry. By act of the General 
Assembly, passed in January, 1778, it was directed that the First state 

Virginia's soldiers in the revolution. 339 

regiment, "now in Continental service, be continued in the said service 
instead of the Ninth Virginia regiment, made prisoners by the enemy 
in the battle of Germantown." Colonel Gibson's regiment served under 
Washington till the close of the year 1779, when it was ordered to Virginia. 
The details of its further service have not been ascertained. By act of 
the General Assembly passed in January, 1782, it was directed that the 
state troops be consolidated into one or more corps, with a corresponding 
reduction in the number of officers. This reduction was eflFected and the 
organization so formed (Dabney's legion) was placed under the command 
of Colonel Charles Dabney, of the Second state regiment. 

Field Officers. 

Colonel. — William Grayson, December 19, 1776 — January, 1777. 
Declined commission. 
Haynes Morgan, Jime 5, 1777— July (1) 1777. 
George Gibson, July (?) 1777— February (?) 1781. Resigned. 
Lieutenant-Colonel. — Haynes Morgan, December 20, 1776 — June 5, 1777. 
John Allsion, February, 1778— February, 1782. 
Supernumerary, 1782. 
Major.— Nathaniel Cocke, December 20, 1776— (?). 

John Allison, 1777 (?)— February, 1778. Promoted. 
Thomas Merriwether, February 2, 1778-1782. Supernumerary, 
February or April, 1782. 


List of balances due the dead and deserted of the 1st Virginia 
state regt., commanded by Col George Gibson, Sept. 16, 1777 
to Jan. 1, 1778. (Gleanings of Virginia history. By W. F. 
Boogher. Washington, D. C, 1903. p. 181-184). 

Second State Regiment, 1776-1782. 

Authorized by the General Assembly in December, 1776. Field 
officers were elected by the Assembly, December 20, 1776. By act of 
Assembly, passed in January, 1778, it was provided that such state troops 
as had already been enlisted should be formed into a battalion of eight 
companies and marched to join the Continental army. The act of Decem- 
ber, 1776, authorized the enlistment of three regiments of state troops. 
Officers were chosen for the Third regiment in December, 1776, and June, 
1777. As we have found no later mention of the Third regiment, it seems 
probable that its organization was abolished and that the men already 
enlisted were incorporated with the Second regiment. This would 


appear to be the intent of the act of January, 177S. The Second regiment 
probably marched in May, 1778 to join Washington's army. It remained, 
with the First state regiment in the Continental service till the close of 
the campaign of 1779. In April and May, 1780, 280 men were discharged, 
about 30 remaining for the war. The remnants of the state regiments 
appear to have been collected by Colonel Charles Dabney in the summer 
of 1781 and to have been imder his command at the siege of Yorktown. 
A consolidation of all the state troops into one battalion was directed by 
an act passed by the General Assembly in January', 1782. The state 
troops were finally disbanded in April, 1783. 

Field Officers. 

Colonel. — James Dimcanson, December 20, 1776 — ?. 
■^Gregory Smith, June, 1777—?. 

William Brent, January 1, 779-1782. Supernu erary, April, 
Lieutenant-Colonel. — Thomas Blackburn, December 20, 1776 — ? June 
12 (?) 1777. Resigned. 
William Brent, June 14, 1777— January 1, 1779. 

Charles Dabney, 1778 (?) 
Major.— William Brent, Jr., December 20, 1776— June 14, 1777. Pro- 
John Lee, February 1, 1778-1782. Supernumerary, February or 
April, 1782. 


Revolutionary army orders for the main army under Wash- 
ington, 1778-1779. (Virginia magazine of history and biog- 
raphy, Apr. 1906— Apr. 1913. v. 13-21.) 

From papers of Charles Dabney, lieutenant-colonel, Second 
state regiment. Includes general, brigade and regimental 

Third State Regiment, 1776-1778. 

Authorized by the General Assembly in December, 1776. Field officers 
were elected by the Assembly, December 20, 1776. In March, 1777, 
Governor Henry reported that the three state regiments were about 
half filled. By an act passed in January, 1778, the troops enlisted for the 
Third state regiment were added to the Second state regiment, which 
was sent to the North in May, 1778, to join the Continental army. 

Virginia's soldiers in the revolution. 341 

Field Officers. 

Colonel. — Philip Love, December 20, 1776 — ? Did not accept com- 
George Gibson, June 10, 1777— July (?) 1777. Appointed 
Colonel of First state regiment. 
Lieutenant-Colonel. — Gregory Smith, December 20, 1776 — ^June (?) 1779. 

Appointed Colonel of Second state regiment. 
Major. — Charles Dabney, December 20, 1776 — ? Later lieutenant- 
colonel of Second Continental regiment till September, 1778. Lieu- 
tenant-colonel of Second state regiment, 1778 (?) — 

Artillery Regiment, 1777-1781? 

The act authorizing this regiment was passed by the General Assembly 
in Jime, 1777. The regiment was to consist of ten companies of 68 men 
each, besides officers. Field officers were elected by the General Assem- 
bly, November 15, 1777. Governor Henry reported the regiment not 
yet nearly filled in May, 1778. In December, 1779, its strength was 
about 350 men. It suffered severe losses at Camden in August, 1780. 
The regiment returned to Virginia early in 1781, and most of the men 
were discharged. Those that remained were mustered into Dabney's 
legion after Comwallis' surrender. 

Field Officers. 

Colonel.— Thomas Marshall, November 15, 1777— February, 1781 ? 
Appointed in 1781 commissioner to settle public accounts 
in the West. 
Lieutenant-Colonel.— George Muter, November 15, 1777—1780? 
In command of Garrison regiment in 1780. 
Elias Edmunds, April 16, 1780 — February or April, 
1782. Supernumerary, February or April, 
Major. — Thomas Mathews, November 15, 1777 — ? 

John Mazarett. In command as major, February, 1781. In 
list of "discriminated" officers, 1782. 

State Cavalry Regiment, 1778-1781? 

Formed under an act passed in May, 1779, which authorized the gov- 
ernor and council to enlist as many troops of cavalry as should seem need- 
ful to meet the emergency of the British invasion of that year. Four 
troops were raised. An act passed in December, 1779 ordered that the 
battalion be reduced to three troops, to be completed and retained in the 
service of the state. Under Major Nelson's command, the organization 
was ordered south in 1780 and was present at Camden . After Yorktown 
the remnants of the corps appear to have been consolidated with other 
state troops as Dabney's legion. 


Field Officer 

Major-commandant. — John Nelson, June 24, 1779-1783? 

Garrison Regiment, 1778 — 

This regiment was authorized in Jxine, 1778. Its purpose was to gar- 
rison the harbor fortifications of the state. It was to consist of eight 
companies of 68 men each, with the usual officers. Service was to be for 
three years. The regiment took part in the southern campaign of 1780 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Porterfield. In January, 

1781, the strength of the organization was 174. During this year it was 
united to the remnants of the First and Second state regiments by order 
of the Governor and Council. Under an act of Assembly of January, 

1782, a second consolidation was effected of the remnants of the various 
state organizations into a legion under Colonel Charles Dabney. 

Field Officers. 

Colonel. — George Muter, ? — Apr. 1, 1781. Appointed Commissioner 

of the Virginia War Office, 1780. 
Lieutenant-Colonel. — Charles Porterfield, August 14, 1779 — Jan. 10, 
1781. Mortally wovmded at Camden, August 
16, 1780; died January 10, 1781. 
Major. — Charles Magill, ? — April 1, 1781. Supernumerary, April 1, 
Alexander Dick, ?— December, ? 1782. 

Illinois Regiment, 1778-1782(?) 

This regiment was raised imder an act of Assembly passed in January, 
1778, authorizing an expedition for the protection of the western frontiers. 
George Rogers Clark was commissioned a lieutenant colonel of Virginia 
militia by Governor Henry, and given secret instructions to raise seven 
companies of fifty men each for the purpose of attacking the British post 
of Kaskaskia. The expedition set out in May, 1778, with three companies. 
After the capture of Kaskaskia Clark's force was increased by the en- 
listment of a number of the French inhabitants. The regiment was 
recruited from Virginia in the spring of 1779, when it numbered 350 men. 
In August, 1780 it was reduced to 130 men. It was disbanded January 18, 

Field Officers 

Colonel.— George Rogers Clark, 1778-1781. Commissioned lieutenant 
colonel in December, 1777; colonel in December, 177 8 
and brigadier-general, January 22, 1781. Relieved o 
command July 2, 1783. 

Virginia's soldiers in the revolution. 343 

Lieutenant-Colonel. — John Montgomery, Dec. 1778-1783. 
Major. — Joseph Bowman, December 14, 1778 — August 15 (?) 1779. Died 
in service August 17, 1779. 
Thomas Quick, or Quirk, August 17, 1779-1782(?) 
George Slaughter, 1778(?)-1780(?) Promoted to be lieutenant- 
colonel. Became supernumerary, December, 1781. 
William Lynn, or Linn, 1778(?)-1781. Killed by Indians. 
*Walker Daniels. 
•English. Conquest of the country northwest of the River Ohio. 1896. 


The Illinois regiment and the Northwestern Territory. 
(Virginia magazine of history and biography, Oct. 1893. v. 1, 
p. 127-141). 

Includes roll of officers of Illinois regiment, Lieut. -Col. John 
Montgomery, and Crockett's regiment, Lieut. -Col. Joseph 
Crockett; also list of non-commissioned officers and soldiers, 
Illinois regiment. 

Soldiers in Capt. Joseph Bowman's and Capt. Leonard Helms 
companies in Clark's Northwestern campaign, 1778. (Shen- 
andoah Valley pioneers. T. K. Cartmell. [Winchester, Va., 
1909] p. 104). 

Pay roll of Capt. Edward Worthington's company of cavalry, 
stationed at the Illinois, under command of Col. George Rogers 
Clark, commencing June 17, 1778 and ending June 1, 1779. 
(William and Mary college quarterly historical magazine. 
Oct. 1898. V. 7, p. 120-121). 

The army led by Col. George Rogers Clark and his conquest 
of the Illinois, 1778-9. A list of the officers, non-commissioned 
officers and private soldiers constituting the "Illinois regiment 
of volunteers" with memoranda of the land bounty granted to 
each. (Publication no. 8 of the Illinois State historical library. 
Transactions. Springfield, 111., 1904. p. 166-178). 


Appended: Capt. Charloville's volunteers; also A pay roll 
of Capt. Joseph Bowman's company from 24 Jan. 1778. 

A list of officers of the Illinois regiment, and of Crockett's 
regiment, who have received land for their services. A list of 
officers of the Illinois regiment who have not received lands for 
revolutionary services. A list of non-commissioned officers 
and soldiers of the Illinois regiment, and the western army, 
under the command of General George Rogers Clark, who are 
entitled to bounty in land. A list of Captain Francis Charlo- 
ville's volunteers, entitled to two hundred acres of land each. 
[Richmond, 1834?] 

24p. 4". (Document no. 32, appended to Journal of Virginia 
House of delegates, 1833-34.) 

Prefixed is a report by J. H. Smith on the "Illinois claims." 

Crocketts Regiment, 1780-1782. 

This was a regiment authorized by act of Assembly passed in Decem- 
ber, 1779, to be raised for the defence of the western limits of the state. 
The act provided that the corps of infantry under the command of Colonel 
[George] Slaughter should be attached to the new organization. Colonel 
Joseph Crockett was commissioned to command the regiment, which 
was ordered to reinforce Colonel George Rogers Clark at the West. 
Crockett's command served about eighteen months under Clark in the 
Northwest against the Indians and in the unsuccessful expedition against 

Field Officers. 

Lieutenant-Colonel. — Joseph Crockett, 1780 — January, 1782. 
Major.— George Walls, 1781(?)-1783. 

Illinois Troop Light Dragoons, 1779-1782 (?). 

Authorized for service in Illinois by act of Assembly passed at the 
session beginning in May, 1779. The act provided for a troop of thirty- 
two men, to be officered by a captain, lieutenant and cornet. Lieutenant 
John Rogers was commissioned captain of the troop, which marched to 
join Colonel G. R. Clark in the fall of 1779. The troop appears to hav« 
been in service till the close of the war. 

Virginia's soldiers in the revolution. 345 


Captain.— John Rogers, 1779-1782. 

Lieutenant. — James Merriwether, 1779? — January 1, 1781. Entered 

continental service, 1781. 
Comet.— John Thurston, 1779(?)— ? 


The last pay abstract of a troop of light dragoons in the ser- 
vice of the commonwealth of Virginia under the command of 
Capt. John Rogers, Oct. 1, 1781-Feb. 14, 1782. (WiUiam and 
Mary college quarterly historical magazine, Oct. 1899. v. 8, 
p. 103-104). 

With record of Rogers' services in the Revolution. 

Convention Guards Regiment, 1778(?)-1781. 

This was a regiment raised for guarding the British troops captured 
at Saratoga, during their dentention in Virginia. In view of the pros- 
pective transfer of the prisoners, the Virginia House of Delegates, on 
December 19, 1778, passed a resolution empowering the governor to raise 
a regiment of 600 men to act as a guard. On January 9, 1779, Congress 
adopted a resolution providing that a battalion of 600 men, properly 
officered, should be raised by the governor and council of Virginia for 
the same purpose. Enlistment was to be for one year, on continental 
establishment, the oJBicers to be appointed by the Virginia authorities. 
The regiment appears to have served from January, 1779 to June 5, 1781, 
when it was discharged. 

Field Officers 

Colonel.— Francis Taylor, March 5, 1779— June 15, 1781. 
Lieutenant-Colonel.— Francis Taylor, December 24, 1778— March 5, 1779. 
William Fontaine, March 5, 1779T-June 15, 1781- 
Major.— William Fontaine, December 24, 1778— March 5, 1779. 
John Roberts, March 5, 1779— May 1, 1781. 

Spotswood's Legions, 1781-1783. 

An act of Assembly passed in June, 1781, authorized the formation of 
two legions, to consist each of six companies of infantry and one troop of 
cavalry of 100 men each. These were to serve during the war, but ont 
to take the field or do duty except in case of actual or threatened invasion. 

Brigadier General Alexander Spotswood was placed in command of the 
legions. They appear to have served from the summer of 1781 to 
November 4, 1783, when they were disbanded by the governor. 


Field Officers of First Legion. 

Lieutenant-Colonel commanding. — John Taylor, 1781 — 
Major.— William Lindsay, 1781— 
Robert Forsyth, 1781— 

Field Officers of Second Legion. 

Lieutenant-Colonel commanding. — Everard Meade, 1781- 



Virginia Seventeenth Century Records 

From the Original in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 

Commissions and Instructions to the Earl of Orkney for the 
Government of Virginia 


83. That we may be the better inform'd of the Trade of 
our said Colony, You are to take especial Care that Due en- 
terics be made in all Ports of our said Colony of all Goods and 
Commodities their Species and Quantities Imported or Ex- 
ported from thence, with the Names Burden and Guns of all 
Ships Exporting and Importing the same, also the Names of 
their Commanders and likewise expressing from and to what 
Place the said Ships do come and go (a Copy whereof the Naval 
Officer in each respective District is to furnish you with) and 
you are to transmit the Same unto us Our Commissioners of 
our Treasury or our high Treasurer for the time being, and to 
our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations Quarterly, and 
Duplicates thereof by the Next Conveyance. 


84. You are to take especial Care all Tobacco ship'd in 
Virginia from what part soever do come they pay Virginia 

85. You are likewise to Examine what Rates and Duties 
are Charged and Payable upon any Goods Imported and Ex- 
ported within otir Colony of Virginia, whether of the Growth 
or Manufacture of our said Colony or otherwise and to use 
your best Endeavours for the Improvement of the Trade in 
those Parts. 

86. AND WHEREAS Orders have been given for the Com- 
missionating of fit Persons to be Officers of our Admiralty and 
Customs in our Several Plantations in America, and it is of 
great importance to the Trade of this Kingdom, and to the wel- 
fare of Our Plantations that illegal Trade be every where dis- 
couraged, you are therefore to take especial Care that the Acts 
of Trade and Navigation be duly put in execution, and in Order 
thereunto you are to give Constant Protection and all due In- 
couragement to the Officers of our Admiralty and Customs in 
the Execution of their Respective Offices and Trusts. 

to be aiding and Assisting unto such Persons as are or shall be 
appointed by our Commissioners of Our Treasury to be Agent 
in the West Indies or such other Agent as shall be appointed in 
his Room in the discharge of his Office according to such In- 
structions as he hath receiv'd from our Principal Commission- 
ers for that Purpose, also for preventing Imbezelments and 
Recovering of Prize Goods which may happen to be Imbezel'd 
or Conceal'd, as well as the Execution of all Orders to him or 
them directed in Relation to Prizes by any Court of Admiralty 
Legally Established by Our Commissioners of our Admiralty in 
our said Plantations And you are likewise to Transmit unto 
Our Commissioners of our Treasury from time to time exact 
Accounts of all Occiirances concerning Prizes that happen to 
be brought into that our Colony of Virginia under your Govern- 
ment in the Same Manner as you are required to do in other 
Matters under your Care. 


88. AND WHEREAS We have been Inform'd that the Fees 
for the Condemnation of a Prize Ship in our Cotirts of Admiralty 
in the Plantations are considerably greater than those demanded 
on the like occasions in our High Court of Admiralty here, 
And Whereas we are willing that our Subjects in the Planta- 
tions shou'd have the same ease in the Obtaining Condemna- 
tions of Prizes there as in this Kingdom. You are to Signifie 
our Will and Pleasure to the Officers of our Admiralty Court in 
Virginia that they do not presume to demand or Exact other 
Fees than what are taken in this Kingdom which amotmt to 
about Ten Pounds for the Condemnation of each Prize accord- 
ing to the List of Fees herewith deliver 'd to you. 

89. You are from time to time to give an x\ccount as before 
directed what Strength your bordering Neighbors have be they 
Indians or others, by Sea and Land, and of the Condition of their 
Plantations and what Correspondence you do keep with them. 

90. You shall take Especial Care that God Almighty be 
devoutly and duly served throughout your Government, the 
Book of Common Prayer as by Law established read each 
Simday and Holy day and the Blessed Sacraments administer'd 
according to the rites of the Church of England. 

91. You shall be carefull that the Churches already built 
there be well and Orderly kept, and that more be built as the 
Colony shall by the Blessing of God be improved, and that be- 
sides a Competent Maintenance to be Assign'd to the Ministers 
of each Orthodox Church a convenient House be built at the 
Common charge for each Minister and a competent Portion of 
Glebe Assign'd him. 

92. And You are to take Care that the Parishes be so 
bounded and Settled as you shall find most convemient for the 
accomplishing this good Work. 

93. You are not to refer any Minister to any Ecclesiastical 
Business in that our Colony without a Certificate from the 
Right Reverend Father in God the Lord Bishop of London of 
his being conformable to the Doctrine and Discipline of the 
Church of England, and of a good Life and Conversation, and 
if any Person preferr'd already to a Benefice shall appear to 
you to give Scandal, cither by his Doctrine or Manners, you 


are to use the proper and usual Means for removal of him and 
to supply the Vacancy in such Manner as we have directed. 

94. You are to give Order forthwith (if the same be not al- 
ready done) that every Orthodox Minister within your Govern- 
ment be One of the Vestry in his respective Parish, and that no 
Vestry be held without him except in Case of Sickness, or that 
after Notice of a Vestry Summon'd he omit to come. 

95. You are to Enquire whether there be any Ministers 
within your Government, who Preaches and Administers the 
Sacraments in any Orthodox Church or Chappel without being 
in due Orders, and to give an Account thereof to the said Lord 
Bishop of London. 

96. And to the end the Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction of the 
said Lord Bishop of London may take Place in that Our Colony 
so far as conveniently may be. We do think fit that you give all 
coimtenance and encouragement to the exercise of the same, 
excepting only the Collating to Benefices, granting Licences 
for Marriages and Probates of Wills, which we have reserved to 
you our Governor or Commander in Chief of our said Colony 
for the time being. 

97. We do Further direct that no School Master be hence- 
forth Permitted to come from this Kingdom and to keep School 
within our said Colony without the Licence of the said Lord 
Bishop of London, and that no other Person now there or that 
Shall come from other Parts be admitted to keep School with- 
out your Licence first Obtain'd. 

98. And you are to take especial Care that a Table of Mar- 
riages Establish'd by the Cannons of the Church of England be 
hung up in every Orthodox Church, and duly observ'd & you are 
to Endeavour to get a Law pass'd in the Assembly of that 
Colony (if not already done) for the Strict Osbervation of the 
said Table. 

99. You are to take Care that Drunkenness and Debauch- 
ery, Swearing and Blasphemy be discountenanced and Pun- 
ished. And for the further Discountenance of Vice and en- 
couragement of Vertue and good living (that by such Examples 
the Infidels may be invited and desire to Partake of the Chris- 
tian Religion) You are not to Admit any Person to Publick 


Trusts and Employments in our said Colony whose ill fame 
and Conversation may Occasion Scandal. 

100. And you are to Suppress the Ingrossing of Commod- 
itys as tending to the prejudice of that freedom which Trade and 
Commerce ought to have and to Settle Such Orders and Regu- 
lations therein with Advice of our said Coimcil as may be most 
Acceptable to the generality of the Inhabitants. 

101. And Upon Several Representations made concerning a 
Trade with the Indian Natives, it has been thought fit to per- 
mit a free Trade between our Subjects of Virginia and the In- 
dians, and We being willing to continue the same Permission 
to all our Subjects or that Colony, You are therefore to Signify 
the same to the next Assembly, and to give them to understand 
that out of our great Care for the Welfare of that Colony, We 
have preferr'd the Particular Benefit of our Subjects before any 
other Advantage that might accrue unto us by restraining that 
Trade with the Indians, Whereof we expect they shoul'd have a 
due Sence and provide by some Means for the better Support 
of the Government. 

102. You are to give all due Encouragement and Invita- 
tion to Merchants and others who shall bring Trade to oiir 
Colony or any way contribute to the Advantage thereof and in 
Particular to the Royal Affrican Company. 

103. And as we are willing to recommend unto the said 
Company that the said Colony may have a constant and Suffi- 
cient Supply of Merchantable Negroes at Moderate Rates in 
Money or Commodities so you are to take especial Care that 
Payment be duly made & within a competent time according 
to their Agreements. 

104. And whereas the said Company have frequently great 
Simis of Money owing to them in our Plantations in America, 
they have been much hindered in the recovery of their Just 
debts there, and discouraged in their Trade by the too fre- 
quent Adjournments of Courts, and it being absolutely nec- 
essary that all Obstructions in the Course of Justice be Ef- 
fectually remov'd, You are to take Care that the Courts of 
Justice be duly and frequently held in our Colony and Dominion 
imder your Government, so that all our Subjects in the said 


Colony, and Particularly the Royal African Company may 
enjoy the Benefit thereof, and not receive any undue hinderance 
in the recovery of their Just Debts. 

105. And you are to talce care that there be no Trading 
from Virginia to any Place in Africa within the Charter of the 
Royal African Company otherwise than prescribed by Law. 

106. And we do further expressly Command and require 
you to give unto us, & to our Commissioners for Trade & Plan- 
tations an Account every half Year of what Number of Negroes 
the said Colony is Supply 'd wdth, that is what Number by the 
African Company, and what by Seperate Traders, and at what 
rates Sold. 

107. You are likewise from time to time to give unto us 
and to our Commissioners for Trade and Plantations as afore- 
said an Account of the Wants and Defects of our said Colony, 
what are the Chief Products thereof, new Improvements are 
made therein by the Industry of the Inhabitants or Planters, and 
what further Improvements you conceive may be made, or 
Advantages gain'd by Trade, & which way we may contribute 

108. You are not to grant Commissions of Mark or Re- 
prizal against any Prince or State or their Subjects in Amity 
with us, to any Person whatsoever without our Special Com- 

109. Whereas great Inconveniencies do happen by Mer- 
chants Ships and other Vessels in the Plantations wearing the 
Colours bom by our Ships of War under Pretence of Com- 
missions granted to them by the Governors of the said Planta- 
tions, and that by Trading under those Colours not only 
amongst our Own Subjects, but also those of other Princes and 
States and committing divers Irregularities, they do very much 
dishonour our Service, For prevention whereof you are to 
oblige the Commanders of all such Ships to which you shall 
grant Commissions to wear no other Jack than according to 
the Sample here described, that is to say, such as is worn by our 
Ships of War with a distinction of a White Escutcheon in the 
middle thereof and that the said Mark of distinction may ex- 
tend itself to one half of the Depth of the Jack and one third 
of the Fly thereof. 


110. Our Will and Pleasure is That Appeals be permitted 
to be made in Cases of Error from the Courts in our said Colony 
unto you and our Council there in General Court Sc in Your 
Absence from that our Colony to the Commander in Chief for 
the time being, and the said Council in Civil Causes, where- 
in such of our said Council as shall be at that time Judges of 
the Court from whence such Appeals shall be made to You our 
Governor and Council, or to the Commander in Chief for the 
time being, and Council in General Court as aforesaid shall not 
be admitted a Vote upon the said Appeal, but they may Never- 
theless be present at the hearing thereof to give the reasons of 
the Judgment given by them in the Cause wherein such Appeal 
shall be made. 

111. And Inasmuch as it may not be fit that Appeals be 
too frequently and for too Small a Value brought unto Our 
Governor and Council, as aforesaid. You shall therefore with 
the Advice of our said Council propose a Law to be pass'd 
wherein the Method and Limitation of Appeals unto Our Gov- 
ernor and Council may be Settled and Restrain'd in such Man- 
ner as shall be most Convenient and easy to Our Subjects in 

112. And if eiiher Party shall not rest Satisfy 'd with the 
Judgement of you or the Commander in Chief for the time 
being & Coimcil as aforesaid, they may then Appeal unto Us 
in Our Privy Council, provided the Sum or Value so appeal'd 
for unto us do exceed £300 Sterl and that such Appeal be made 
within one fortnight after Sentence and good Security given 
by the Appellant that he will Effectually prosecute the same, 
and Answer the Condemnation as also pay such Costs as. shall 
be awarded by us in Case the Sentence of you the Governor or 
Commander in Chief for the time being and Council be Affirmed, 
& provided also that Execution be not Suspended by reason of 
any such Appeal unto Us. 

113. You are also to Permit Appeals unto Us in Council 
in all Cases of Fines imposed for Misdemeanors, provided the 
Fines so impos'd amount to, or Exceed the Value of £200 the 
Appellant first giving good Security that he will Effectually 
prosecute the same, and Answer the Condemnation of the 


Sentence by which such Fine was impos'd in Virginia in case 
the said Sentence shall be coniirm'd. 

114. You are for the better Administration of Justice to 
Endeavour to get a Law pass'd (if not already done) wherein 
shall be Set the Value of Men's Estates either in Goods or 
Lands under which they shall not be capable of Serving as 

115. You are to take Care that no Courts of Judicature be 
adjourned but upon good Grounds, and whereas Complaint 
hath been made that the Orders of Coiut are entered in the 
Absence of the Magistrates and sometimes penn'd in Private 
at the Magistrates House, you are to take care to prevent the 
said abuses, and particiilarly that no Orders of any Court of 
Judicature be enter'd or allow'd which shall not be first read 
and approv'd of by the Magistrates in Open Coiirt, which Rule 
you are in like manner to see observ'd with relation to the Pro- 
ceedings in Our Council of Virginia and that all Orders there 
made be first read and approved in Council before they are 
enter'd in the Council Books. 

116. You shall Endeavour to get a Law pass'd (if not al- 
ready done) for the restraining of any Inhuman Severities 
which by ill Masters or Overseers may be used towards their 
Christian Servants, and their Slaves, and that Provision be 
made therein that the Wilfull killing of Indians and Negroes 
may be punish't with Death, and that a fit Penalty be impos'd 
for the Maiming of them. And you are also with the Assistance 
of the Council and Assembly to find out the best Means to 
facilitate and encourage the Conversion of Negroes and Indians 
to the Christian Religion. 

117. And whereas an Agreement has been formerly made 
with the Indians of Virginia and of New York for their Peace- 
able living with Our Subjects and Submission to Our Govern- 
ment, We do hereby approve the Same, and do require you 
to endeavour as much as in you lyes that the said Agreement be 
Punctually observ'd and renew'd if it shall be Necessary, as 
conducing to the Welfare of our Colony under your Government. 


118. You are to Endeavour with the Assistance of our 
Council to provide for the raising of Stocks and building Pub- 
Hck Warehouses in convenient places for the employing of Poor 
and indigent People. 

119. You are to propose an Act to be pass'd in the Assembly 
wherby the Creditors of Persons becoming Bankrupts in this 
Kingdom and having Estates in Virginia may be reliev'd and 
Satisfy'd for the Debts owing to them. 

120. In Case of Distress of any other of our Plantations 
You shall upon the Application of the Respective Governors 
thereof to you, Assist them with what Aid the Condition of 
Our Colony under Your Government can Spare. 

121. You are to take Care by and with the Advice and As- 
sistance of our Council that such Prisons there as want Repara- 
tion be forthwith repair'd and put into and kept in such a 
Condition as may Sufficiently Secure the Prisoners that are or 
shall be there in Custody. 

122. And for as much as we have thought fit for the Dignity 
of the Government that a House be built for our Governor or 
Commander in Chief, for defraying of which Expence a Levy 
has been made, You are to hasten the Building and fitting up 
such a House if not already done. 

123. Our Will and Pleasure is, that you do take to your- 
self as Governor Two Thousand Pounds Sterl. per Annum by 
Quarterly Payments, and shall also Cause to be paid out of 
the Revenues of our said Colony to the Councelors & other 
Judges and Officers as well Civil as Military, and to the Mar- 
shal, Clerk of the Assembly Gunner and Matrosses the Sev- 
eral Salaries and allowances formerly paid, or such other reas- 
onable Ones as you with Advice of Our Council there shall 
think requisite a true Account whereof you shall from time to 
time transmit unto the Commissioners of Our Treasury or Our 
High Treasurer for the time being, and to Our Commissioners 
for Trade and Plantations. 

124. Provided always that you do not dispose of any Part 
of our Quitrents, nor Suffer the same to be issued out upon any 
Occasion untill upon your Certifying to us the Value of what 
shall remain thereof from time to time in Our Treasury or be 


due Unto Us we shall Order the Same to be dispos'd of as we 
shall find Occasion for our Service. 

125. And for the better improving the Value of Our Quit- 
rents, You are to take Care they be not only duly Collected, 
but they be Sold every Year Openly by Inch of Candle to the 
highest Bidder in the respective Coimty Courts, and that due 
Notice be given of the time and Place of any such intended 
Sale in such Manner as may make it most Publickly known 
to all People a Competent time before hand. 

126. Whereas upon considering the Entries of our Custom 
house here in this Kingdom with the Payment of the two Shill- 
ings per Hogsh<^ on Tobacco, and other Duties and Impositions 
due unto us in Virginia there has been certain Information 
given of great Frauds and Abuses both in Payment thereof by 
Masters of Ships and others, and in the Collection by Our Ofifi- 
cers. You are to use all Lawfull Means for the Prevention there- 
of and for the Improvement of our said Revenues. And where- 
as such Abuses cannot be committed without apparent Neg- 
ligence of the Collectors or their connivance with the said 
Masters of Ships and other Persons, You are to take great 
Care with the Advice of Our Council in appointing fit and duly 
Qualify 'd Persons for the Collecting of those duties and the 
like for the Employment of Naval Officers. 

127. You shall not commit the Care of those different Em- 
ployments to One and the same Person, nor any of them unto 
Persons much concern 'd in Trade who may be apt thereby to be 
byassed from their respective Duties, nor unto the Members 
of our said Council. 

128. You shall take Care that each of the Persons appointed 
by you to the said Employments (as well Naval Officers as 
Collectors) be sworn to Execute faithfully and diligently their 
Respective Offices in their Own Persons and not by Deputies 
imless in Cases of Absolute Necessity, and that those Deputies 
be then likewise sworn to the faithfiill and diligent execution 
of their respective Offices. And that each of the said Officers 
or their Deputies be required accordingly to give their Attend- 
ance at such certain times and Places as you with the Advice 
of our said Council shall direct. 


129. You are Strictly to charge and Command them and 
every of them in our Name to be more carefull and diHgent for 
the future, under Penalty of the forfeiture of our respective 
Places by your putting others in their Stead on the first offence, 
and of our highest displeasure, and you are from time to time 
to give Us Out Commissioners of our Treasury or high Treas- 
urer for the time being, and to Our Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations a Particular Account of your Proceedings 
therein, and of the Duties and Impositions Collected and dis- 
pos'd of pursuant to former directions in that behalf 

130. And whereas Complaints have been made of Several 
undue Practices in the Office of Secretary or Register of that 
Colony by the Clerks or other Persons employ'd therein. You 
are to make Inspection into what has been the State and Man- 
agement of the said Office, and Report to Us and to Our Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations how you find the Same, 
together with your opinion by what Methods any former Mis- 
managements may for the future be best Prevented and in the 
meanwhile to take all possible care that the Records of the 
said Office be well and faithfully kept, and in Order theretmto 
that not only the Secretary or Register himself but his Clerks 
also be under Oath for the due Execution of the trust repos'd 
in them, and that they accordingly give Sufficient Security 
for their faithful performance. 

131. Whereas Our Council of Virginia has formerly made 
Complaints that the Lord Baltimore hath insisted on a pre- 
tended Right to the whole River of Potomack, which did very 
much discourage the Merchants and Masters of Ships trading 
to that our Colony, You are to Assert our Rights in those 
Parts, & to take care that the Trade of our Subjects be not 
disturb 'd by the said pretences, or any other whatsoever. 

132. Whereas We have been pleas'd by our Commission 
to direct that in Case of your Death or Absence from our said 
Colony, & in Case there be at that time no Person upon the 
Place Commission 'd or appointed by us to be our Lieutenant 
Governor or Commander in Chief the Eldest Councellor whose 
Name is first placed in our Instructions to you, and who shall 
be at the time of your Death or Absence residing within our 


said Colony and Dominion of Virginia, shall take upon him 
the Administration of the Government and Execute our said 
Commission and Instructions and the Several Powers and 
Authorities therein contain'd, in the manner thereby directed. 
It is nevertheless Our Express Will and Pleasure that in such 
Case the said President shall forbear to pass any Acts but 
what are Immediately necessary for the Peace and Welfare of 
our said Colony 'vv'ithout our Particular Order for that Purpose. 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 359 

MRGINIA IN 1677.* 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and copies in the McDonald 

and De Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 


Bacon's Rebellion. 

Petition of Nicholas Prynn. 

March 19, 1676-7. 

Master of the Richard and EUzabeth of London, riding in 
James River to the Commissioners for Virginia — 

For restitution of goods to the value of £265 sterlg: con- 
signed by Alderman Booth & owners of said ship to Wm. Himt 
their factor in Virginia, but seized by Lt. Col. Edward Hill, 
under pretence of a warrant from the Governor. With Deposi- 
tion annexed & letter of Colonel Thos. Ballard about same 

(Colonial Papers. 3 pp.) 

The papers in the present instalment relate to the proceedings of the 
Commissioners sent from England to suppress Bacon's Rebellion, and to 
the quarrels with Governor Berkeley and the General Assembly, still 
greatly under his influence. The Commissioners resided at Swann's 
Point, the home of Col. Thomas Swann, on the south side of the river 
near Jamestown. On one of their visits to Berkeley not long before he 
sailed for England, they charged that they had been sent from Green 
Spring, his residence, to the river bank in a coach driven by the Common 
hangman. Governor and Lady Berkeley vehemently denied that they 
had instigated this insult. 

William Hartwell against whom several petitions were directed, was a 
brother of Henry Hartwell, member of the Council, and was himself the 
captain of Berkeley's body-guard during Bacon's Rebellion. He had 
issue: (1) Henry, who died without issue; (2) William, who had an 
only child, Mary, who married William Macon on Sept. 24, 1719; (3) 
Mary, who married George Marable (high sheriff of James City Co., 
1695); (4) John, will proved in Surry Co., May 19, 1714, names his wife 
Elizabeth (who afterwards married Stith Boiling, of Surry Co.), daughter 
Elizabeth (who married Richard Cocke), Uncle Thomas Rogers, friend 
Benjamin Howard, and cousins, John Drummond, George Marable, Jr, 
and Henry Hartwell Marable. 


Swann's Point, March 21, 1676-7. 
The Commiss'" of Virginia to Gov. Berkeley. Having 
complied with the Commission of Oyer and Terminer "that the 
"Country might well perceive we come not in the least to 
"countenance but to try and condemn criminals" but cannot 
comply with his letter desiring their further sitting on the same 
occasion without neglect of more immediate service of his Maj. 
Beg him to be mindful of emergent matters that have long been 
before him and are yet unanswered and that he will make it his 
present care to make out a particular account in writing of all 
seizures, compositions fines and forfeitures which by the late 
Rebellion devolve to the Crown without any diminution con- 
cealment or embezzlement, of all Criminals im.peached con- 
victed sentenced & executed as well before as since our arrival 
in Virginia whereof a strict account will be exacted at his return 
to England. 3 pp. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp 125-7.) 

1676-7, March ? to follow 21st. 
Mem: by Sam Wiseman (Clerk to the Commiss'""* for 
Virginia). That no answer was returned to the preceding 
letter, neither did Sir W. Berkeley vouchsafe any more letters 
to the Commiss'"^ till the occasion of the scandalous postilion — 
The Commiss'"^ seeing Sir W. Berkeley would not comply with 
their request caused Wiseman to draw up a Commission directed 
to Lieut. Col. George Jordan and Major Theophilus Hone to 
empower them to inquire into the estates and forfeitures of 
Delinquents, which during the late Rebellion devolved to the 
Crown, which was accordingly done and an account upon oath 
taken of the same. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp 128-9.) 

Swann's Point, March 22, 1676-7. 
The Commissioners for Virginia to Watkins — Are 
now upon preparing their intended despatch for England by 
Capt. Grantham next week, but take this opportunity to give 
this general advice : that the face of things is much amended 
since their arrival and they hope by degrees this poor Country 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 361 

will recover its former peace and prosperity. There is a general 
submission of the whole Colony and a joyful resentment of his 
Maj. royal favour & compassion. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81 pp. 130-1.) 

Swann's Point, March 25, 1676-7. 
Col. Fra. Moryson to Lady Berkeley — In favour of Jones 
a poor condemned person whose ignorance chiefly led him from 
his allegiance and whose loyalty first brought him hither for 
refuge — Does not find he was a bloody malicious rebel but 
seduced by the artifice of others — Doubts not she will intercede 
with the Gov"" in behalf of this poor unfortunate \\Tetch. (Ab 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp 178-9.) 

March 25, 1677. 
Lady Berkeley to Col. Moryson — There needs only his 
opinion in the case of Jones to make the Governor consent to 
it and he may be pleased to assure Jones' friends that Jones shall 
be pardoned. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 180-1.) 

Swann's Point, James River, March 27, 1677. 
The Commiss" for Virginia to Secretary Coventry — 
Altho' the Assembly have sat a whole month they have not pro- 
ceeded to answer the joint letter of the Commiss" — Have sat 
together on the Commission of Oyer & Terminer both at the 
trial & condemnation of seven or eight of the most notorious 
criminals and openly advised to have them executed in their 
own respective Counties — nor have they been wanting by all 
means to make the people rightly apprehensive of his Maj. 
most transcendant acts of favour and indulgence to his oppressed 
and seduced subjects, which have been generally received with 
suitable impressions of joy — Good & timely effects of his Maj. 
Proclamation and other gracious acts of Mercy & Pardon — 
Bacon's death was not pretence enough to frustrate & stifle 
this Proclamation or suspend the punishment of it, so long as 
Lawrence a Colonel and grand accomplice of Bacon's, a most 


stubborn desperate & resolved Rebel (with others fit to head a 
new faction) is still out, but rather that Berkeley might impose 
on the ignorant his own terms and conditions as nevertheless 
he has endeavoured to do — They have been mistaken or de- 
ceived in their former character of Berkeley: he has since 
appeared much contrary to his first professions — While Berkeley 
continues Governor upon the place, things will never be put 
into that peaceable posture and happy composure desired & by 
the Comm" endeav** for it is his only artifice to persuade the 
people that Col. Jeffreys is but his Deputy and that he shall 
next year return Governor again — The General Grievances 
like to come within a very narrow compass — that of the Salary 
at this time tmder the Assembly's consiiltation and redress; 
the main Grievances chiefly concern Fort money & other public 
accounts and levies of this Colony proper also for redress of the 
Assembly — Complain of Berkeleys studied evasions & his 
interrupting and diverting the course of their proceedings and 
the ill effects ; also of his illegal and arbitrary proceedings as to 
seizures of estates of persons not convicted of any crime : they 
are ptirsued every day with petitions & complaints of this 
nattue. They declared their opinion in open cotirt that the 
Country might perceive they did not combine with or connive 
at such unwarrantable practises — Have heard he hath com- 
pounded several treasons &c. for hogsheads of tobacco, cattle 
&c — Hope this candid relation may not be mistaken at home as 
if there were any feuds or differences between them & the 
Governor — The gaol is now almost clear, the Governor having 
condemned some and pardoned and transported others. Com- 
plain, as pernicious to his Maj. interest, the dispersing of copies 
of the King's private additional Instructions — a rebel having 
publicly produced & pleaded in open Court a copy, which the 
Gov"" called God to witness he had never let go out of his hands 
or trunk. Readiness of the Indians to enter into a firm peace 
with the Indians which they hope a short time will accomplish — 
It will not be long before the Assembly rise when they will send 
by the Deptford Ketch a more ample account of their proceed- 
ings. 16pp. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 132-147.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 363 

March 27, 1677. 
Queries for the learned Counsel at law to resolve 
(sent with the Commissioners letter of this date to Secretary- 
Coventry) Whether a person dying before conviction, his 
estate be forfeited to the King — Whether persons estates con- 
demned & executed by Court Martial and not b}^ a legal Jury 
of twelve men be forfeited — Whether any seizure be legally 
executed before conviction or attainder — Whether the estates 
of banished or transported persons be liable to seizure and for- 
feiture. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 147-148.) 

Swann's Point, March 27, 1677. 
The Commiss" for Virginia to Secretary Coventry — 
The occasion of their coming and present residence here, no 
house being within four or five miles, invites a constant resort 
of people from all parts of the Country upon public business 
whom they are forced to entertain at no small expense — Beg 
he will lay this their pressure before his Maj. so that a limited 
salary may not include an unlimited stay and expense. 3pp. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 149-151.) 

Swann's Point, James River, March 27, 1677. 
Col. Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry and Col. Francis 
MoRYSON TO Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson — The Peoples 
return to their obedience has been as general as their late dis- 
loyal Revolt & had the Governor been as open handed as his 
Maj. Acts of Mercy, the whole Country would now be composed 
— Complaints against Gov. Berkeley for treating men as Delin- 
quents before any due Attainder seizing their Estates and 
marking their tobacco for his private use — How the Merchants 
and Factors complain of their trade being retarded and their 
ships being made Gaols for Rebels & Refugees without any 
recompense. Have observed that those who call themselves 
the loyal party are the only Chief Disturbers and Obstructors 
of this calamitous Country, so that now nothing but a general 
penal Act of Oblivion can make up these breaches. Advised 


the hanging in chains in his own Country of one Arnold a hor- 
rible resolved Rebel and Traitor — Have now no reason to fear 
any new Mutiny, but have advised a stop to this rigid prosecu- 
tion and the Assembly have also by Address voted the Governor 
to forbear "and hold his hand from all future sanguinary pun- 
ishments." (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 3pp.) 

Swann's Point, March 27, 1677. 
The Commissioners for Virginia to the Lord Treasurer 
OF England — Send transcript of a joint letter to Sir W. Berke- 
ley with his answer and copies of petitions relating to his Maj. 
revenue which they thought it their duty to advertize him of, 
referring him for further satisfaction to other letters which Mr. 
Watkins will communicate to his Lordship. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 8L pp. 186-7.) 

Swann's Point, March 27, 1677. 
CoL. Francis Moryson to Mr. Cooke — The Commiss" 
doubt not but matters will be shortly composed to his Maj. 
satisfaction if Sir W. Berkeley will please but with freedom to 
permit his Maj. Acts of Grace to pass as his Maj. royally 
intended them — To acquaint Sec Coventry how he has managed 
that affair he left Moryson to acquaint the Country with : his 
Royal Highness' promise that the two Patents shall be taken 
in and vacated without any charge to the Country which he has 
made known to the Assembly — His gratitude for being joined 
with his worthy & generous fellow Commiss" a fitter person 
than Jeffreys would not have been found to quel this Rebellion : 
Sir John Berry of unbiassed principles, prudent conduct and 
unwearied industry for the service — Protestations of his own 
sincerity as an Agent and in his present character. The strait- 
ness of his salary and fortune; desires Sec Coventry's exertions 
in his behalf. 8pp. (Abstract.) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 160-167.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 365 

March 27, 1677. 
Col. Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry and Col. Francis 
MoRYSON TO Thos. Watkins — Directions as to public papers 
sent for Secretary Coventry and the Lord Treasurer. The 
Country in a peaceable quiet condition; all that obstructs it, 
is the Governor's abiding upon the place and the fierceness of 
those who call themselves the Loyal Party, which are not many 
and among them not twenty eminent sufferers in Estate — Their 
rapacious insolence exasperates the other party and their 
importunate sollicitations to try & condemn the guilty party 
"which indeed is little less than the whole Country" — The 
necessity of a general Act of Oblivion which the Assembly will 
hardly be brought to without His Maj. express injunctions 
compel, as in the case in England. The general grievances so 
few and trivial that but for the Governors contrariety they see 
no further occasion to stay a fortnight. Have been forced to 
urge again and again their Instructions for retrenching the 
Great Salary of the Assembly — now reduced to 120 lbs. per 
diem, the very lowest allowance the Burgesses can support their 
charges under. The estates of tobacco, cattle &c. carried off 
by the Gov'. — Bland executed this day at James Town — Fines 
imposed by the Governor, detested by Jeffreys & his Officers. 

(Colonial Papers. 3pp.) 

March 29, 1677. 
Certificate of Governor Berkeley for the receipt of goods and 
two servants consigned to Wm. Hunt in the Richard and Eliza- 
beth, Capt. Nicholas Pryn, according to a BiU of Lading an- 
nexed. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

Green Spring, April 2, 1677. 
Major Robert Beverley, Clerk of the Assembly to 
Thos. Ludwell and Col. Daniel Parke, Treasurers for Vir- 
ginia — Directing them to honor and pay certain Bills as per 
annexed list drawn upon them for satisfaction of the public 


debts, according to annexed Order of Assembly of 20th Feb- 
ruary last. Also — List of Bills drawn by the Grand Assembly 
of Virginia on Thos. Ludwell and are already paid by Garvin 
Corbin, July 1677. Indorsed "Rec^^ June 1677." (Colonial 
Papers. 3 pp.) Copies of the above are also entered in Col. 
Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 139-142. followed by an order of the 
Privy thereon of 11 July 1677, which see. (Abstract.) 

Swann's Point, April 5, 1677. 
The Commissioners for Virginia to Secretary Coventry. 
On Tuesday last the Assembly concluded ; only await on account 
of the whole of their proceedings to send away the Deptford 
Ketch (their final dispatch) — The Assembly has given Berke- 
ley £500, but they find nothing done on his part in order to a 
peace with the Indians. He gives no accotmt of his late seizures 
as they desired & he at first promised, nor has he yet answered 
in any one particiilar their instructions but now insists on seeing 
their private power which they declined showing, finding him 
so critical and captious at all advantages to himself. The 
Council, the Assembly and People are and have been so over- 
awed & biassed by the Gov'" that some Counties dare not bring 
in their Grievances before Berkeley be gone — fear at last Col. 
Jeffreys will be forced to send him home, for he is still as back- 
ward as at first for ought they perceive — before the mists he by 
all artifices casts before them can be cleared — The main business 
of this letter by Capt. Morris is to give an account of his very 
eminent sufferings and services — his ship has not only been a 
receptacle for the loyal party but to the Rebels a prison — Col. 
Jeffreys absent at the Camp at Middle Plantation with his 
officers. 6pp. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 182-187.) 

April 11, 1677. 
Petition of Edward Lloyd of James City County, Planter, 
to his Maj. Commissioners — Against Capt'' Wm. Hartwell for 
imprisoning him three weeks, during which time his house was 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 367 

plundered by Gov. Berkeley's servants and petitioners wife 
(great with child) so affrighted that she died — With the Mid- 
wife's deposition & the oath of Lloyd. (Abstract) 
(Colonial Papers. 3 pp.) 

Swann's Point, James River, April 13, 1677. 
Col. Herb. Jeffreys, Sir John Berry and Col. Francis 
MoRYSON TO Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson — The Grand 
Assembly lately risen from whom they were promised and 
expected an ample account of their proceedings, but they have 
returned home without giving any — Can only at present refer 
him to Mr. Watkins. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

James City, Virginia, April 13, 1677. 
Wm. Sherwood to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson — 
Account of Governor Berkeley's persecutions since the writer's 
return from England when he said before Colonel Parker, the 
general cry of the Country was against the Governor and that 
the Country would not be quiet so long as he continued Governor 
and Ludwell, Secretary — Describes the peoples' grievances 
against Gov. Berkeley and their over joy at his gomg hence — 
Begs he may not have the writer's letters, for he is most malic- 
ious against him — Points out the worth of the large testimony 
of the Assembly to the prudence of Bericeley's government. 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

April 14, 1677. 
The Commissioners for Virginia to Mr. Watkins. To 
confer with Capt. Middleton who has had a general knowledge 
of occurrences here upon the place — more particularly in the 
business of the patents — for it was he who very fortimately 
and prudently discovered to them Lord Culpeper's design of 
setting the same on foot again after his Royal Highness' com- 
mands and his own professions to the contrary. 3 pp. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 205-207.) 


Swarm's Point, April 14, 1677. 
Colonel Moryson to Lord Culpeper — In reference to the 
patents which Moryson confesses himself somewhat stirprised 
to find his Lordship was now for setting on foot again, the Com- 
miss" having told the Country that the Duke of York was 
pleased to promise the calling in and vacating those Grants 
that were so prejudicial to this Country without any charge 
to them. 3 pp. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81 pp. 201-204.) 

April 20, 1677. 
Petition of Thomas Bobby of James City County, 
Planter, to his Maj. Commissioners for Virginia — Against 
Hartwell for imprisoning him and forcing him to pay a com- 
position of 500 lbs. of pork 200 lbs of Bacon and 100 lbs of butter 
— ^With Deposition upon oath annexed and Mem. that it was 
owned by Hartwell himself. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 3 pp.) 

April 20, 1677. 
Petition of Thos. Glover of James City County, Planter 
to his Maj. Commissioners for Virginia — Against Wm. Hartv/ell 
for imprisoning him five weeks and forcing him to give a horse 
for his discharge of the value of 1200 lbs of tobacco — Also, 
Depositions of Thos. Glover and Francis Robinson thereon and 
mem. that Hartwell owns what the pet."" alleges was by the 
Governor's order. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 4 pp.) 

April 20, 1677. 
Petition of Wm. Hoare of James City County, Planter, 
to his Maj. Commissioners for Virginia — Against Hartwell for 
detaining him prisoner ten days and taking from him his cattle, 
hogs and other goods, and for demanding ten thousand pounds 
of pork to save his life — Also Hoare's certificate to the truth of 
the above and Mem. that Sir Wm. Berkeley demanded the 
pork to save Hoare's life, confessed to be true by James Garey 
the Governor's servant. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 369 

April 20, 1677. 
Petition of John Williams of James City County, 
Planter, to his Maj. Commissioners for Virginia — Against 
Hartwell for imprisoning him ten days and forcing him by hard 
usage to a composition of two hogsheads of tobacco and six 
barrels of Indian Com to the value of £16. sterling — With 
Deposition on oath annexed and Mem. of Hartwells confession 
that it was done by the Governor's order. (Abstract) 
(Colonial Papers. 3 pp.) 

April 21, 1677. 
Colonel Moryson to Gov. Berkeley — They (the Com- 
missi'*) intend waiting upon him tomorrow to take their fare- 
well leave of him before he goes hence — In reference to the two 
Patents they have so laboured to overthrow and the resolution 
of the House of Burgesses to a letter of thanks which he hears 
has been superseded by another letter wherein the matter of 
thanks is omitted — Prays him to remember that he has twice 
himself superseded these patents and the charge it has been to 
this poor Country and now it may be had at so easy a price as 
thanks and that Berkeley only is the Obstructor of this good 
and royal Act "especially when so near relations as yours and 
your Lady's are concerned." Shall expect his answer which 
with this letter he shall send to the Duke of York. 4 pp. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 208-211.) 

April 23, 1677. 
The Commissioners for Virginia to Governor Sir 
William Berkeley — Think they deserved better than to be 
turned ofif by his Coach and the Common Hangman Postilion 
which is an afifront not only against their Commission but 
themselves as Gentlemen — Are resolved to make his Majesty 
a Judge of this high indignity which they believe he well knew 
and was purposely sent for, as a retainer to perform the Cere- 
monies of yesterday. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 


April 23, 1677. 
Governor Sir Wm. Berkeley to [the Commissioners for 
Virginia?] Of this particular of the Postilions he is as inno- 
cent as the blessed Angels themselves. But though God suffers 
him to be accused he has in His mercy left him a Great Exemplar 
to comfort him for he suffered His only Glorious Son to be 
accused of what he was not guilty of and oiu* late blessed King 
Charles the First was brought to his death by accusations he 
was not in the least manner guilty of. They cannot be so 
angry at this last misfortime as he is sorry for it — Never saw 
the fellow's face but once before. Has sent the Negro to be 
racked tortured or whipt till he confess how this dire misfortune 
happened and hopes this will give them satisfaction. (Abstract) 
(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

April 23, 1677. 
Lady F-Berkeley to the Commissioners for Virginia. 
Explains that neither Sir William Berkeley or herself have the 
least thought or knowledge who was their postilion and protests 
in the presence of Almighty God that the Governor gave no 
order for the coach. Has sent her coachman to be examined 
to whom the writer gave her orders — Must say the Governor 
is dealt more severely with than ever man of his quality and 
character has been in the world — to think he could be guilty 
of putting so vile an affront upon any person that has his Maj. 
stamp and character to secure them of respect from any man 
but a Bacon. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 

April 23, 1677. 
Mem. in the handwriting of Secretary Sir Joseph 
Williamson — Ships lately arrived from Virginia bring news 
that last summer and autumn proved extraordinarily hot and 
the winter as violently cold and that a great distemper has from 
thence arisen amongst the Inhabitants which has taken away 
many — Lord Berkeley arrived at Chester on the 18th — his 

VIRGINIA IN 1677. 371 

reception &c. — due to a person of his merits and employments. 
Attempt of the apprentices on the New Exchange to keep 
this, St. George's Day, a holiday. (Abstract) 
(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

April 25, 1677. 
Col. Moryson to Gov. Berkeley — Has so much charity 
of his own as to believe his high and solemn protests and that 
it was no more possible the Gov. should intend than ever his 
Maj. Commiss" should deserve so great an indignity. In- 
treats him to take Moryson's last letter into his second thoughts 
seriously to consider its weighty contents, otherwise he must 
be feign to write home on purpose to his Royal Highness whom 
it so highly concerns as well as himself, "therefore good Sir take 
once more my former letter in your hands and think it worthy 
of a full and particular reply." Hopes the waters he sent will 
give Berkeley great relief. 3 pp. (Abstract) 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 81. pp. 218-220.) 

April 25, 1677. 
Governor Berkeley to Colonel Moryson. Gives hearty 
thanks for the tobacco and waters — Is so distracted with this 
last dire misfortune that he scarce knows what he does or says, 
tho' he is innocent — Has sent the Negro and desires he may be 
examined to the quick. (Abstract) 

(Colonial Papers. 1 p.) 

Virginia, April 25, 1677. 
Elizabeth Dudley & James Dudley, Thomas Dudley and 
Wm. Dudley to James Gary living at the Dager in Watling 
street. The distractions of this Colony by the wise carriage 
of his Maj. Commissioners are most happily reconciled and 
in a posture of quiet and peaceable settlement for the future. 
Beg his assistance in relation to certain hogsheads of tobacco 
seized from their deceased father unjustly by Sir Wm. Berkeley 
& illegally converted to his own use. (Abstract) 
(Colonial Papers. 2 pp.) 
(To be Continued) 



Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell 
Street, W. C. London, (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. 
Waters, not before printed.) 

John Martin of Dublin, Merchant. Will 30 April 1760; 
proved. Brother George Martin devised his lands in Mill- 
town etc to trustees for my benefit. I have paid the sums to 
children of Brother James Martin. To daughter Agnes Martin 
£2000. To son Lewis Martin £500. To grandson George 
Barclay £200. To Andrew Stewart in full satisfaction out of 
my benefits under George Martins will £10 yearly out of my 
estate in Virginia. To Caple Street Meeting £5. Lands of 
MiUtown to eldest son George Martin and at his death to 
Edmon Sexton Perry and James Ager the younger of Dublin 
Esqrs in trust for his male heirs failing whom to second son 
Samuel Martin and heirs male, in default third son Lewis Martin 
and heirs male, then Eldest daughter Lucy Agar and heirs male. 
To 2nd daughter Agnes Martin and heirs male and the right 
heirs Lands in Virginia to 2 youngest sons Samuel and Lewis 
with succession in default to daughter Lucy Agar and Agnes 
Martin. Daughter Alicia Martin otherwise Campbell wife of 
son George Martin entitled under Marriage settlement to rent 
charges on lands in Virginia of £150 a year Irish currency. 
Daughter Lucy Agar wife of James Agar Esq £2000 her portion 
to be paid. Executors: sons George, Samuel and Lewis 
Witnesses : Jas Shiel, Tho Leech, Thomas Fitzsimmons Codicil 
15 October 1760. same witnesses. Lands in Kilcoskanl 
charged with payment of rents to Ann Stewart widow and Jane 
Benson widow. 

Prerogative Court of Ireland 
will Book; 1761, fo. 215. 


[This John Martin, the testator of 1760, was certaroly Col. John Martin 
of Virginia, to whom his brother, Dr. George Martin, of Dublin, be- 
queathed an estate in 1746, (see this Magazine XXI, 249). It is 
equally certain that he was the Col. John Martin who lived in Caroline 
Co. in 1732, when Col. Byrd visited his house, and who was a Burgess 
for that County. It will be seen from the will of Thomas Turner (This 
Magazine XX, 439,) that Turner states he bought a tract of land in Caro- 
line from "Col. John Martin and his son George." This was the land 
sold in 1752 (see this Magazine XIII, 198) by "John and George Martin, 
of the City of Bristol, merchants," through "John Martin, gent., of 
Virginia," their attorney. Col. John Martin and his son George evidently 
removed from Virginia to Bristol, where they became merchants. John 
Martin of Virginia, their attorney, was no doubt another son of Col. Jno. 
Martin, and was the Burgess for King William County, who died during 
the session of 1756. It seems probable, as there is no mention of any 
children of his in Col. Martins will, that John Martin, Jr., died without 
issue. Of the daughters, Elizabeth married in 1742, Patrick Barclay, 
of Louisa Co., Va., Lucy, the eldest daughter, married first Henry 
Boyle, yovmgest son of Henry, first Earl of Shannon, and secondly, March 
20, 1760, James Agar, of Co. Kilkenny, Ireland, who, in 1776 was created 
Baron, and in 1781, Viscount Clifden. Lady Clifden died July 26, 1802. 
The second surviving daughter, Agnes Martin, was unmarried at the date 
of her father's will. Patty youngest daughter, married in 1756, Edmond 
Sexton Perry, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons 1771-1785, and 
in 1785 created Viscount Perry. She had doubtless already been pro- 
vided for. The will of Lucia, Viscountess Clifden (bom Martin) was 
proved in 1802 in the Prerogative Court of Dublin. That of George 
Martin, of the City of Dublin, Esq., was proved in 1811. These would 
probably give additional information in regard to the family.] 

Leonard Bagge of Killbree, county Waterford, Esquire. 
Will 1 August 1719; proved 8 December 1719. To my wife 
Cicilia for life £500 and a bond of Andrew Bagge for £100 now 
in hands of Matthew Jacob Esqr and Mr. Hercules Beer accord- 
ing to marriage settlement on 4 October 1708, also £250. My 
stock in Moned and Duftcarrick, Kilbree and New Aftane to 
my children subject to following legacies. To mother 
Mrs. Susanna Bagge £20 yearly. To William Connolly als 
Mc James of Ardmore £1. 10s. yearly. I forgive Brother 
Luke Bagge all he owes me and give him my partnership with 
Mr. Barry Strongman of tithes in County Cork purchased 
from Mr. John Pembrock of Dungarvan. I forgive my nephew 
Joseph Conghlan what he owes me. To eldest daughter Mary 
Bagge £400 as a marriage portion. To second daughter Ann 
Bagge ditto. Wife now with child, if daughter ditto. Residue 
to sons William and John. To my dear Brother ye reverand 
Mr. John Bagge £500 provided he comes to Ireland and de- 
mands it. Executors and Trustees: My Brother Revd Mr. 


Jo: Bagge of Virginia, Brother Jeremy Coughlan of Lismore 
Esq, Brother Luke Bagge of Clattahenny gen and nephew 
Joseph Coughlan Esq Witnesses : Fran : Flaherty, Edwd Butter, 
Jn Hely, Wm. Coughlan. 

Prerogative Court of Ireland 

Will Book 1718-20, fo. 225. 

John Bagge, of Monea, county Waterford, gent. Will 14 
April 1772; proved 11 December 1772. To be buried at Kil- 
molish near my father and mother. To Roger Green of Youg- 
hal county Cork merchant and Thomas Judge of Clerkstown, 
county Waterford gent lands of Grange held from Earl of 
Grandison and land of Monea held from Bishop of Waterford 
also my sixth part of ' Monegarroff in County Tipperary. In 
trust for my son John Bagge and heirs male. To daughter 
Anna Bagge £800 above money left by her grandfather Wil- 
liam Cooke. To daughter Cecilia Judge wife of Thomas Judge 
£24 yearly. To John son of Roger Green £5 to his son James 
£5. House in Cork to son To sister Ann Greahicks £5 
yearly. To Mary Cox £5. Witnesses Franc Ellis, John 
Walker, Edwd Smyth. 

Prerogative Court of Ireland 
Will Book 1772, fo. 12. 

[Rev. John Bagge, brother of Leonard Bagge, was minister of St. 
Anne's Parish, Essex Co.., Va., 1771-1726, when he died. He had a 
nephew, Edmond Bagge, who also lived in Virginia, and died in Essex 
Cotinty in 1734, leaving a son Robert. See this Magazine XII, 299, 
300. The will which follows is that of a later member of the Irish family. 
The will of Rev. John Bagge, of Virginia, which had first been recorded 
in the Colony, was proved in Dublin in 1726.] 

John Cooke of Youghall County Cork, Esq. Will 7 Feb- 
ruary 1712; proved 4 March 1713. To be buried either in my 
own burial place of Youghall Church or by my father in Church 
yard of Affame. To my mother Cecilia Cooke my farm of 
Graige county Waterford or £20 yearly. To wife Ann Cooke 
houses in Youghall also my estate of Kilbrush and Kippane. 
To son Thomas Cooke my dwelling house in Youghall and 
£1000 in hands of Mr. James Tynt als Worth for which estate 


of Dame Mabell Tynt and Harry Tynt Esq deceased stand 
liable, failing him and his heirs if my daughter Mabell Cooke 
als Harrison shall survive her now husband Henry Harrison 
clerk and marry again then the issue to have reversion. Be- 
quests to son Thomas according to provisions of marriage 
settlement between me and his mother Margaret Tynt by deed 
of 5 August 1687. Servant John Moore £5. House that Mr. 
Welch and Mr. Robinson now live in to wife. Executors: 
Wife Ann Cooke and son Thomas Cooke. Overseers: John 
Walker of Youghall gent and Thomas Baker of Lismara gent. 
Witnesses : Francis Boyse, David Crafford, He. Crotty. 

P. C. Ireland. Prerogative 
Will Book, 1713-15, fo. 80. 

Thomas Cooke of Youghall, coimty Cork, gent. Will 
proved 27 November 1750. To cousin Thomas Cooke of 
Amasack in the Liberties of Youghall one third of lands of 
Ballyhay Ardra in county Cork which belong to me by right of 
my mother Margret Cooke otherwise Tynte To sister Mable 
Harrison otherwise Cooke £20 a year. Residuary Legatee and 
Executor : cousin Thomas Cooke. Witnesses : Samuel Luther, 
George Mannix, Thomas Gimlett. 

Prerogative Court Ireland 

will Book, 1750-51, fo. 196. 

John Cook of the parish of Over Wharton and County of 
Stafford in the Colony of Virginia gent. Will 26 December 
1732; proved 11 April 1733. To be buried as his executrix 
thinks fit. To wife Elizabeth Cooke for life a plantation on 
Potomack river side of 462 acres and 40 acres adjoining 
and negroes Corkpegg and Charlott, at her decease to my son 
Traverse Cooke, in default of issue to my 3 daughters Ann, Han- 
nah and Million Land on Cedar River 400 acres to son Traverse. 
1664 acres to 3 daughters Ann, Hannah and Millian. Negro 
Slave Dublin to son Traverse. Slave Sarah to daughter Ann. 
slave will to daughter Hannah, Slave Tomboy to daughter Mil- 
lian. Money in Ireland to wife and children. Land : 1500 acres 
on north side of the Bever dams to Samuel Timmions of Stafford 


County on payment of 1261 lbs of tobacco due to my estate. 
Executrix: Wife Elizabeth. Overseers: Rev. Alexander Scott, 
Mr. Rawleigh Traverse. Witnesses: Wm. Allison, Rawleigh 
Travers, Nath. Smith, Robt Smith, Mary Row. Codicil 27 De- 
cember 1732. Negro Slave Ann Versper to wife. Witnesses: 
Simon Pearson, Wm Brent, Benj Brent, Rawleigh Travers. 
Proved at Stafford Coimty Thomas Claiborne, C. Cur. William 
Henry Terrett, clerk of Thomas Claiborne certifies copy. Wit- 
nesses: Henry Washington, Chandler Fowke, as justices ac- 
cording, witnesses: James Nicholson Jo. Gill junr, Robt. 

Prerogative Court of Ireland 
Will Book 1735, filed will. 

[Though neither the will of John Cooke, of Youghall, nor that of his 
son Thomas Cooke, of the same place, names the Virginia Cookes of 
Stafford Co., it is evident that they belonged to the same family. John 
Cooke, a native of Ireland, settled in Stafford County, Va., early in the 
Eighteenth Century, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Raleigh Travers 
of Stafford County, and his wife Hannah, daughter of Joseph Ball. She 
was half sister of Mary Ball, mother of George Washington. Mrs. 
Travers married secondly Simon Pearson, and in her will, proved Decem- 
ber 13, 1748, names her daughter Elizabeth Cooke, and her grandchildren, 
Travers and Hannah Cooke. John Cooke, of Stafford, died in 1732 and 
his will was among the portions of the Stafford records destroyed by 
Federal Soldiers during the Civil War; but a copy of his will was proved 
in Dublin, from which the abstract given here was made. In this will he 
refers to his money in Ireland. Besides several daughters, one bearing 
the peculiar name. Million, which was derived from the Travers family, 
he had one son, Travers Cooke of Stafford Coimty. The will of the lat- 
ter, dated December 1759, and proved June 13, 1759, is of record in Staf- 
ford. His legatees were his wife Mary, and his sons John and Mott. 
He states there is "A large balance due me by my uncle Thomas Cooke, 
of Youghall in the Kingdom of Ireland for the rents and profits of my 
estate there." He directs that his sons should have as good an edu- 
cation as his estate would afford. The inventory of his personal prop- 
erty amounts to £947.14.4, and includes a set of Spectators at £1.8, 
Tattlers at 14 shillings, two Guardians at 5 shillings, 4 prayer books at 
£1.5, and a parcel of "old books" at 7 shillings 6 pence. Evidently the 
appraisers were fond of the essayists. As Thomas Cooke of Youghall 
died in 1750, without issue, it is probable that Travers Cooke's imcle 
Thomas, was the "Cousin Thomas Cooke" who was the residuary 
legatee of Thomas of Youghall. A proper examination of wills and 
other records in Ireland would doubtless furnish a satiffactory pedigree. 
There is a notice of the Cookes of Stafford in Hayden's Virginia Gene- 
alogies, p. 300.] 



For the Main Anny Under Washington 1778-1779 

(From the Originals in the Collection of the Virginia Histor- 
ical Society) 


D. A. O. Nov^ 8*^' 79 

The Orders Given Yesterday Evening for the Division to 
hold themselves in Readiness to march at the Shortest warn- 
ing is not to interfair with the fatigue party, which are to be 
Continued as usual. Such men as were sent back, to New 
Jermantown as Shoe-makers are to be immediately ordered to 
their Reg*^ or sent to the Hospital, if they Should be proper 
Objects for it And not to be Continued any Longer with Mi 
Taylor on any pretence whatever The Officers & Soldiers are 
Requested to Run the Funnels of their Chimneys Something 
higher to prevent Damage to the Tents. The picquet at 
Havarstraugh Landing being too Distant to be Relieved daily 
is to be Continued three days & to be furnished with pro- 
vision accordingly. The Baron Stuben will be with the Di- 
vision in a few days to make a Gen'l Inspection of the Different 
Reg*« its Recommended to the officers of all Rank to pay im- 
mediate attention to the mens Arms and Clothing, that we 
may make as Good an appearance, as Can be Expected from 
the present State of our Necessarys. 


The Extream driness of the weather has prevented many 
mills from Grinding which has Occationed Considerable De- 
lays in the Supplys of Flour, if an ample Supply of that Article 
Does not Arive before the next Issuing Day, The Comissary 
are to serve the Troops with half Allowance of Flour and make 
up the Dififincy in Beef as nothing but Necessity occations this 
alteration in the Rations, And it is Expected to Continue 
but a few Days, The Comm'g officers Does not Intertain a 
Doubt but it will be Chearfully acquiesed in by the Troops, a 
mistake have prevented the Field Officers meeting today agree- 
able to Yesterdays Orders They are Requested to meet at Gen'l 
Woodfords Quarters at half past 9 Oclock. 

The Honourable the Executed power of the State of Virg'a 
having approved of the Recommendations of the following 
Gentlemen to be Ensigns in Gen'l Woodfords Brigade — 

The are hereb}^ Appointed as follows and are to be Obe3^ed 
Accordingly Viz* 

No. 1 Isaac Jefrys to the 5^^ Virg'a Reg* 

2 Robert Cradox 11*^ Do 

3 James Broadus 7*'^ Do 

4 Wm Spencer 8**^ Do 

Their Commissions will bear date from the 25*^ of last Sep- 
tember and their Relative Rank to each other, having been 
Determined by lot is to take place agreeable to the above ar- 

It being Represented that it v/ould be more agreeable to the 
parties as well as the officers of the Different Reg*^ that M' 
Peaton Powel lately appointed Ensign in the 2^^ Reg* Shoidd 
be Transfered to the 7**^ Reg* And that M'' James Broadus 
Should be Appointed to the 2^ Reg* in his place 

The Alteration is to take place accordingly. 

R. 0. Nov 8*^ 79 

As Baron Stuben is soon to Inspect the line The Command- 
ing officer hopes & Expects that Comm'g officers of Comp'ys 


will assidious in having the Clothing of their Several Com- 
panies mended and put in the best Order our Situation will 
admit of to afifect this all the Taylors are to be Exempted from 
Other Duty. 

The Gentlemen will allso be pertictdarly attentive to the 
Arms & Accoutrements of their Respective Companies. 
Jno Allison L* Colo 


D. O. Havarstraugh Thursday Nov^ 9^^ 79 
F. O. Major Stephenson 
B. M. Croughan 

The Commissarys are to Isue One days Rum to the whole 
Division Except those on fatigue at Stoney point who Drew 

For PoHce Cap* Hamilton 

For the Day Adj* Merewether 


inQd 1 

Q'Qd 1 

Fatigue 3 

For 3 days fatigue 3 

B. O. Havarstraugh Nov' 10*^ 79 

F. O. Major Merewether 

B. M. Mitchel 

Several Roberry of a very alarming Nature have been Com- 
mited in this neighbourhood by the Soldiers, accompanied by 
the most abhored Abuse to the Inhabitants Which is Occa- 
sioned by the men being permited to Stragle out of Camp in 
the night. The Officers are desired to have their Rolls Called 
at Different times of the night a Greeable to a former order and 
to fall on the most Effectual Method the Can think of to 
prevent this Abuse as well as to Detect those who are Con- 
cerned in the late Robbery — 

B. O. Nov' 10*'' 79 


The Brigadier is Exceedingly Sorry to find from the Gen'l 
Complaint of the Inhabitants in the Vicinity of Camp that the 
order heretofore Isued to prevent the Soldiers from Stragling 
in the night has proved unefectual Scarce a farmer in the Neigh- 
bourhood who has not been Robed & Insulted The Brigadier 
Calls on the officers in Gen'l as they value their own Reputa- 
tion and that of the Corps to Exert themselves in puting a 
stop to these licentious practises, and orders in the most positive 
terms that the Rools be Called Every Evening after Tatoo 
beating, and that every Soldier absent without leave be sent 
to the provost immediately after his Return & Report to the 
Brigadier — PatroUers are likewise to be sent out by the B. 
majors after Tattoo to Examin the Environs of Camp & to 
take up Every Soldier Absent from his Reg* 

For police Cap* Williams 

For the Day Adj* Cary 

D. A. O. Novemb-- 10 

The fatigue partys imployed in making Fasheans &c are to 
be discontinued 

The Com'^ing officer is much obbliged to Cap* Hill for super- 
intending these partys and Request the Cap* will fimiish him 
with an a Exact Return of the number maid and a discripsion 
of the different places wher they Lay. 

D. O. Havrystraw Thursday Novemb 11*'' 

Field officer Colo Russell 

B. M. Crawhom 

As the fatigues are more inconsiderable Redussed the Brig- 
gad in Spectors will fix upon proper Ground to have thir Brig- 
gads out to Exersize Every Feare day at a 1 1 oclock when every 
officer and Soldier not upon duty are to attend. 

Each Briggad are to make out a Return of all the nesserrys 
theay are deficant in from the Common serry of the milliterry 
Stors to furnish their Conducttors with them a mediately that 
they may be drawn as a large Supply Of thies Stores that are 


now ctim up for the last that will a rive for this Campain no 
time is to be lost. 

D. O. Havarstraugh Nov' 12*'' 79 
F. O. Colo Gibson 
B. M. Mitchel 
Fatigue Colo Gwatkins 

10 of the best Carpenters from Each Brigade are to be sent 
Down to Stoney point this evening or Early to morrow morning 
they are to be furnished with Some Ax's and Such Other Too s 
as the D. Q. M. G. has in his possession — A Sub is to marclh 
them Down, And Deliver them to the Engineer. 

For Police Captain 

For the Day Adj* Brown 

S C P 

Picqr2t 1 

inG-^ 1 

3 days fatigue 2 

3 days Com"^ 1 

1 weeks Com^ 


Q' G" 1 

D. O. Haverstraw November 13*i^ 1779 
F. Officer Colo Brent 
B. G. M. Crawhom 

Piquet 1 


inG^ 1 

Q' 2 

G. O. H. Q. West point Nov' 13*'> 79 


The Commissary are to Isue the follow'g Quantities of meat 
or Vegetables in Heu of the Reduced Rations of Flour, for every 
1001b of Flour Reduced from the Isues 751b Of beef or 501b 
of pork, or if ReC^ in Vegetables 2}/^ bushels of pease or 2i/^ 
bushels of beans, or 8 bushels of potatoes, or 12 bushels of 
Tumaps and so in proportion for any Greater or lesser quan 

D. 0. Haverstraw Nov^ 14*^ 79 

F. O. Lieu* Colo Hause 
B. M. Mitchel 

For police Cap* bell 

For the day Adj* Merewether 

G. O. Head Q' West point Nov' 11*^^ 79 

The Comis'y Gen'l having Represented the Difficulty of 
keeping up the Supplies of Flour, Owing to the uncommon 
Drought which has Stoped most of the Mills The Commander 
in Chief is under the Necessaty on that ace* of Reducing the 
Rations of that article untill farther orders to ^ of lb p day 
the Diffency to be made up in beef & roots. 

D. O. Haverstraw Nov' 15*^ 79 
F. O. Lieu* Colo Dabney 
B. M. Croughan 

For police Cap* Welsh 

For the day Adj* Gary 

D. O. Havarstraw Nov' IQ^^ 79 
F. O. Lieu* Colo AUison 
B. M. Mitchel 

For police Cap* Crump 

For the day Adj* Robertson 


Picquet 1 

Q^G'^ 1 

G. O. Head Q" Mooers house Nov' 17*^ 79 

The Regimental paymasters will bring in the Abstracts & 
pay rolls for Sep'' & Oof To the Deputy pay master Gen'l for 
Examination The 9 months men in the Masichuset line to 
have their pay made up in the Ocf Roll, Which is to Com- 
mence from the time of their Joining at Spring field. 

D. O. Havarstraw Nov 17*'» 79 
F. O. Major Clark 
B. M. Croughan 

For Police Cap* Long 

For the Day Adj* Brown 

R. O. Nov IS*'^ 79 

Commanding officers of Companies to make out Returns of 
Diffencys of Clothing for the Year 78 of their Respective Com- 

D. O. Havarstraw NoV 18'»^ 79 
F. O. Major Webb 
B. M. Mitchel 

For PoHce Cap* C. Ewell 

For the Adj* Linton 

S C P 

For pic* 1 

For in Gd 1 

Q'G«i 1 


fatigue 1 

(To be Continued) 


COUNCIL PAPERS 1698-1700. 

(From the original volume in the Virginia State Library) 


Geo : Stepney 
M Prior. 
For his Majesties especial Service. 

For the hon'ble ffrancis Nicholson Esq? 
his Majesties Lieutenant and Govemour General of his Maj- 
esties Colony and Dominion of Virginia in America. Or for 
the Commander in Chief of that Colony for the time being. 


Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to 
Governor Nicholson. 

Whitehall : August the 21th 1700. 

There are some few things which the Lords Commissioners 
for Trade and Plantations judge useful to be observed in your 
Correspondence, with them, which they have Commanded me 
to signify to you, as foil : 

It is convenient for their Office that all papers they receive 
from the Plantations may (as much as possible) be writ in such 
a form that they may hereafter be bound up together and pre- 
served in Bookes. And therefore as they are very well pleased 
with the Transcript you have sent them of some Late Acts of 
Assembly, & of yo' journals, in the forme of Ruled Paper which 
was sent you from hence, they desire that yo'' Letters more es- 
pecially be writ Also in the same manner, either upon large or 
small paper as you think fit. 


Whenever you transmit any Papers to them together with 
yo"" Letters (which must always be done as occasion requires) 
they desire j'^o'" to send therewith a Seperate List of those papers 
and not to make yo'' whole Letters (as some of late have been) 
as it were one continued Index of them. 

When you have several Subjects to write upon, they offer it 
to your consideration whether it would not be more convenient, 
both for you & y™ to divide those matters into two or three 
Letters, than to mix all together in One. For in that manner 
you may more easily enlarge upon anything as you find need- 
full : and they woul,d also be enabled to imderstand yo"" Letters 
as they are read to them, without the trouble of stopping so 
oft (as they have been sometimes to do) and seeking into those 
papers for the meaning of what you hint at. 

The Naval Officers accounts that you have sent them are very 
confused and their Lds'p^ have therefore commanded me to 
send you the following observations upon them: That those 
Accounts may hereafter be made more intelligible and usefull. 

They ought to be fairly writ upon paper so ruled that they 
may be sticked or bound up together, and conveniently Opened 
& read without tearing, which can hardly be done with these 
w"*" are writ upon so many single papers, and joyned together 
very loosely at y^ heads. 

The mixing of Ships cleared outwards in the same List with 
Ships entered inwards, renders it very difficult to distinguish 
(as is requisite) between the one & y" other : And it is therefore 
absolutely necessary that those Lists be kept Seperate, & ac- 
cordingly transmitted. 

The same parcells of Goods entered inwards or Outwards, 
should not be twice entered & promiscuously mixed with other 
parcells in two different Accounts; as M' Hill has done in his 
two Accounts of Entries from the 16^^ November 1699 to the 
17*'' Aprill 1700; where several of the same parcels Shipt Out in 
one Account are entred againe as Shipt out in the other, w''*' is 
a great Confusion. 

All accounts should express the Hog.sheads & quantity of 
Tobacco shipt off; which is omitted by M' AUerton, who 
only mentions that such and such Ships were Laden off with 


Tobacco, but expresses not what quantity each Ship carryed. 
The number of Hogsheads, and the pounds of Tobacco in 
bulk. Laden in each Ship, should in all Acc*^ be entered exactly, 
& the figures so placed, that the Totals may be added up,which 
addition ought also to be made & set down by the respective 
Officers themselves, or the person who copies out their accoimts 
I am Sir Your most obedient 

hiunble Servant 

W°». Popple. 

For his Majesties especial Service 

For the honbl® Francis Nicholson Esq' 
His Majesties Lieutenant and Govemour Generall of his Maj- 
esties Colony and Dominion of Virginia in America, Or for the 
Commander in Chief of that Colony for the time being. 


Comptroller General of the Customs to Governor 

The Compf^ Generall of the Accompts of his Maj*'^' Customs 
having Informed us That he is in want of severall ace*" from the 
Collectors in Virg'a of the duties of the enumerated goods pay- 
able by the Act made in the 25*'" Year of the Reign of King 
Charles the Second We desire yo'' Excellencie will please to 
Cause the said acc*^ to be made up & transmitted to us from the 
time that these duties were granted by his Maj*'^« Royall 
Charter for & tov/ards the Erecting & mainteyning a ffree 
School & Colledge in Virginia And that you will likewise 
Charge y^ respective Collectors to make up their ace*' for the 
time to come quarterly & Inclose y'"" to us by the first oper- 
tunity next after each respective quarter We are 
Yo' Excellencies 

Most himible Servants 
T Newport 
Sam Clarke 
Benj : Overton 
Rob* Henley 


Custom house Lond'o 

5 Septemb' 1700. 
For His Excellency 

Colon '1 Francis Nicholson 

Govemour of his Maj ""• Colony 

p James Fowler 

Agreement between England and Algiers in Regard to 
English Ships. 

^. Whitehal December the 3<^ 1700 


We send you here Inclos'd a Copy of an Agreem* lately made 
by Captaine Mimden and Consul Cole with the Go verm* of 
Algier, by w"*" all EngHsh Merchant Ships are Exempted from 
from being molested by the Algerines, on ace* of their not hav- 
ing Passes, until the End of Septemb'' 1701, but after that time 
(if not provided with such Passes) will be liable to be carried 
up to Algier, and have their Lading Confiscated ; And we desire 
you thereupon to take care that due notice be given thereof in 
yC Goverm* that all persons concem'd may thereby have op- 
pertunity to provide themselves with Admiralty Passes for their 
Security in that occasion according to the Instructions that 
that have not long since been sent to you by the Lords Comm'" 
of the Admiralty with passes to be distributed accordingly. 
And in case you find occasion for a greater number of passes 
than you have yet rece'd you will do well to apply yo'self in 
time to the Lords of the Admiralty that you may be accord- 
ingly furnished with them. So we bid you heartily farewell. 
Your very Loving Friends 



Ph : Meadows. 

John Pollexfen. 

Ab' Hill. 

Geo : Stepney. 

Mat Prior. 


For his Majesties especial Service. 

For the Hon'bl^ Francis Nicholson Esq'' his Majesties Lieu- 
tenant and Governor General of his Majesties Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia in America. Or for the Commander in 
Chief of that Colony for the time being. Virginia. 

First. Wee the most Excellent and most Illustrious Lords 
Mustapha Dey, AH Bashaw, and Mustapha Aga, Govemours 
of the most famous and Warlike Citty and Kingdome of Algier, 
do by these presents renew and confirm the Peace Wee so hap- 
pily enjoy with the King of Great Brittain France & Ireland 
Defender of the Christian ffaith, and his Subjects, made in the 
year 1682 in every part and Article more particularly that of 
the 8*'', wherein it is exprest that no Ship or Vessell belonging to 
our Govemm* of Algier, shall cruise near or in sight of any of 
the Roads, Havens or Ports, Towns or places belonging to the 
said King of Great Brittain, or any ways disturb the Peace and 
Commerce of the same. And in compliance w**" the Eighth Ar- 
ticle of that Treaty, Wee do sincerely promise and declare, 
that such Orders shall for the future be given to all our Com- 
manders, that under a severe penalty and our utmost dis- 
pleasure, they shall not enter into the Channell of England nor 
come or Cruise in sight of any Part of his Majesty of Great 
Brittains Dominions, any more for the time to' come. 

Secondly. That whereas Wee had declared that all Ships & 
Vessels belonging to the King of Great Brittain should have 
passes by the last of September 1700, Wee do by these de- 
clare at the desire of Captain John Munden Commander in 
Chief of his Majesties Ships in the Mediterranean, and Rob* Cole 
Esq' his Maj*'^^ Consul now residing at our Citty of Algier on 
behalf of their Great Master, that no Passes shall be required 
or expected from any of the English Ships or Vessells in any 
part of the World, but that they shall proceed on their Voyage 
without producing or showing a Pass to any of our Cruisers, 
till the Last of September 1701, and after that time is expired, 
and any Ship be seized not having a Pass, Wee do hereby de- 
clare that the goods in that Ship shall be restored and y^ Freight 
imediately paid to the said Master to the utmost value as he 
should have had, if he had gone safe to the Port where he was 


Thirdly. That whereas Captain John Mirnden has given 
us good assurance, that he had a great Affront some years past 
from some of our Rude Sailors at our Mould. Wee do hereby 
promise that at all times when ever any of y^ King of Great 
Brittains Ships of Warr, come to this place, Order shall be 
given to an Officer of the Govemm* imediately, who shall at- 
tend at the Mould all the day time, during their stay here to 
prevent any such disorder for the future, that no misiuider- 
standing may happen between us, and if any such disorder 
shotild happen, the Officer of the Mould shall secure the per- 
son or persons, and they shall be pimished with the utmost 

Fourthly. By the help of God and if he please these Articles 
now made between us, shall be maintained, to the truth of 
which Wee have hereunto Sett our hands and Seals: In the 
Year of the Haggira 1112, and is the account of the Christians 
August the 17*^ 1700. 
Mustapha Day, Mustapha Aga, AH Bashaw. 

Lords of Trade and Plantations to Governor Nicholson. 

Whitehall December the 4:'^ 1700. 

Since Ours of the 21" August, we have re'cd Letters from you 
of the 1** and 27*^ of the same month, which containing for the 
most part only matter of Information, do not require much 

You will have seen by our last, that we have proposed Mr. 
Lewis Burwell to be a member of his Majesties Council in Vir- 
ginia, and their Excellencies the Lords Justices ha\dng ap- 
proved thereof. We doubt not but Mr. Perry to whom we gave 
Notice of it, will have taken out the Order of Council for that 
purpose, and sent it to him. We do not at present proceed to 
nomination of any other, but whensoever you find the Number 
of Councellors resideing upon the place comes by death or re- 
moval to be under Twelve, you will always do well to give us 


notice thereof. And therefore, we desire you to send us fre- 
quent Lists, as well of the Council in being, as of persons fit to 
supply Vacancies, with such observations upon each of their 
names, as you understand to be requisite. 

We observe the Orders concerning retumes of Ace*" to w*** 
you referr us in the 14**^ page of the Council proceedings of the 
9*^ & 10**' of July last; concerning which we have only to re- 
mind you of our Desire, signified to you by our Secretary the 
21'* August last, for reforming the Method of your Naval Officers 
Accoimts, and that you take care to transmit unto us regularly 
all accounts whatsoever in good form, according to yo"" in- 

More particularly we desire you to be mindfull of sending 
home yearly accounts of the Arms, Amunition, and Stores re- 
maining in his Maj*'®* Magazines in yo' Govemm* and to see 
that it be done accordingly. And having some while since 
observed that the Council of Virginia have been of Opinion 
that Forts are of no use for the Defence of that Coimtry; We 
desire you so much the rather to take care, that the Militia of 
the said Country be duly regulated & frequently exercised, so 
as to render them usefull whenever there may be occasion. 

Whatever Scruple you may have about entirely concerting 
affaires (as you express it) with M"" Penn, or any other Propri- 
ety Govemours, there can be no objection against yo"" corres- 
ponding & conferring with any of them as occasion offers for 
his Maj*'^' Service, which, whatever they arrive at, we are well 
assured will be the end of all yo'' proceedings; & the Advices 
& Informations you may thereby be enabled to give us, will be 
always very acceptable. 

Your care in placing the ffrench Refugees that went over 
with the Marquess De la Muce & Mons' De Sailly, was very 
well, and we hope will be an Encouragem* to other Refugees 
to follow; In Order whereimto we have according to yo"' Desire 
intimated to some of them, that they will do well to apply 
themselves to M'' Perry, for his Assistance in their passage. 

As to the care of the Ship Mary Ann which brought the first 
Refugees to Virg'a that being properly a buisness imder the 


direction of the Comm" of the Customes, you have done well 
to send it to them, and we must referr you to them for Answer. 
In y L" of the P* August, you referr us to the S^^ page of 
the af ores'* Council proceedings to see what was done in Council 
upon what we had writ you, relating to the Boundaries between 
Virginia and North Carolina: and having looked accordingly 
into that matter, we find only that it is referr'd to the Consid- 
eration of M' Audit^ Bird and M"" Attorney General, to make 
Report to the next Council, so that at p'^sent we have nothing 
more to add unto what we writ you the 4*^ Jan^'y last upon that 

We desire you (as we shall do the Govemours of all his Maj*'*" 
Plantations respectively) that a Memorandum be Entred upon 
the Council Books, to causion the s"* Council, y* whensoever 
the Govemm* of Virg'a by the death, absence or Removal of a 
Govern' or Lieutenant Govern' imediately Comissioned by 
his Maj*'*' comes to devolve upon a President & the Council of 
y* s"* Province, the s'* President & Council do forbear to pass any 
Acts, but such as are imediately necessary for the peace & 
welfare of y« s** Province, without his Maj*'«» Express Order 
for that purpose. So we bid you heartily farewell. 

Your very Loving Friends 

Ph : Meadows 
John Pollexfen 
Ab' Hill 
Geo : Stepney 
Mat: Prior 

For his Majesties especial Service 

For the Hon'bl" Francis Nicholson Esq' his Majesties Lieu- 
tenant and Govemour General of his Majesties Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia in America, Or for the Commander in 
Chief of that Colony for the time being. 


ayz virginia historical magazine. 

The King to Governor Nicholson in Regard to William 
AND Mary College. 

WiUiam R. 

Trusty and Welbeloved Wee Greet You well Whereas Wee 
have thought fit that all due Encouragement be given to the 
College of William and Mary lately founded in our Town of 
Williamsburgh in Virginia for promoting Religion and Learning 
in those Parts, Wee do therefore hereby earnestly recommend 
the same to you, willing and requiring you to do whatever lyes in 
You for the due encourageing the said College ; And in particu- 
lar that you call upon the Persons that have promised to con- 
tribute towards the maintenance of the said College, to pay in 
forthwith their severall Contributions, to the end so good & 
pious a Work may be carryed on for the generall benefit of that 
Country. And so Wee bid You farewell Given at Our Court at 
Hampton Court the 30*^ day of December 1700, in the twelfth 
Year of Our Reign. 

By his Maj*'" Comand 
Ja : Vernon. 

To Our Trusty and Welbeloved Francis Nicholson Esq' Our 
Lieuten* and Govern' Generall of Our Colony and Dominion of 
Virginia in America. Or to Our Commander in Chief of our said 
Colony for the timebeing. 


By the Com" for Executing the Office of Lord high 
Adm'll of England, Ireland &c. 

Whereas at the request of y^ Merchants, Planters & Comand" 
of Ships, Traideing to Virginia and Maryland, Wee have ap- 
pointed his Maj*'^" Ship und' y' Comand, to Cruise on the 
Coast of America, for ye bett' freeing y" Same from Pyrates, 
You are therefore hereby required & directed, so soon as she 
shall be manned. Victualled & ready in all other respects, to 
proceed on y* S'vice, According to y® ord" Wee have given there- 
in, to Saile w**' her on y" af ores'* Coast of America & Cruise from 


Cape Fear about y^ Lattitude of 34 D and 50 mi North Latt- 
to Cape May about y^ Latt. of 39 D" and 15 mi North & use 
y« utmost Care & Endeav""* to Protect y^ traide & Commerce 
in those parts, and to take Sink or destroy any Pyrates y' may 
attempt to Molest y^ Same in w"'' Cruize you are not to keep 
above Twenty Leagues East from the Land, unless you meett 
w*^ Pyrates; But in regard y^ m''ch** Concerned think it may 
very much conduce to their S^'vice, and have therefore made it 
their request to us, y* you may, as much as Wind & Weather 
will permitt, Ride in Linnhaven Bay, w*'' in y^ Capes, whereby 
you may the betf discover what Ships come in, or go out of y* 
Capes of Virginia, You are to take care to do y^ same, but not 
to continue so long at any time there, as to prevent your 
doing Service on other parts of y^ Coast w*^ in ye Limitts of 
y' Cruise. And in Case his Maj*'^ Ship y^ Shoreham, or any 
other Ship attending on Virginia, shall have Occasion, during 
the time of y'' Cruize, to repair to any Distinct Port for a Sup- 
ply of necessarys, you are to Cruize about y^ Capes of Vir- 
ginia, till Such time as the Shoreham return againe, or till it 
shall be Judged more for y« good of y" S^vice to repair to some 
other part of y^ Coast, according to y* Intelligences w''^ you 
shall receive. And in this, and in all other matt", You are 
as often as conveniently as you can, to advise w*'' the Govern' 
of Virginia, and proceed in such mann' as shall thereupon be 
Judged necessary: And likewise to inform y'selfe of Affaires 
from any Person inhabiting along the Coast, as you shall have 
Opportunitys of doing thereof. 

You are also to take especill care y*- during y"" being on this 
S'^vice, none of your Officers or Company, do molest any of 
y^ Inhabitants, but that they do treat them w'^ all civility when 
theire shall at any time be occasion to send y boat on shoar, 
or otherwise : Nor are you to permitt y'' takeing any men from 
y"' merchants Ships Traideing in those parts, or from y* Land: 
But in case you shall happen any time to be in want of Men, 
You are to apply y'selfe to y* Govemour of Virginia who will 
assist you therein. 

You are to continue to Cruize w*'' greatest care & diligence 
on y* Coast of America, as is all ready directed, or in such 


mann'' as according to y* Intelligence or Advice you shall re- 
ceive from y® Govern' of Virginia, or otherwise shall be Judged 
may most effectually ans^^er the ends, for w'^'' y^ Ship you Com- 
mand is sent to those parts, namely the protecting of y® Trade, 
secureing y* effects of y^ Merchants, or takeing or destroying 
any Pyrates or others, who shall endeav' to Seize or Molest 
them; And for y' better Govemm* in case you shall happen to 
Seize any Pyrates, Wee send, you herew*'' an Act of Parlia- 
ment lately made, in Ord'' to y^ bringing y'™ to a Tryall & 
pimishm*, w"^ you are in all respects Strictly to conform y"" self 
up to. And when you shall have Cruized to y^ latf end of 
September next, you are then to make y® best of y'' way to 
England, calling in at Spitthead, where if you find not Ord'^ 
to y^ Contrary, you are to repaire to y^ Downes, and remain 
there till you receive further directions from this Board. 

And for the betf enableing you to execute these Ord", you 
are so soon as you shall be out of y® Channell, to put y'' Ships 
Comp'a to short allowance of Provisions of Six to foure Mens 
allowance, or otherwise as the necessitie of y« S'vice shall re- 
quire, assureing y® Seamen they shall be duly paid for the same. 

You are dureing this voyage, to give Convoy to any other of 
his Maj*'^« Subjects as you shall meett w*^ bound y' way, as 
shall desire it, as far as y'' way shall lye together; and by aU 
opportunitys w"^^ shall present to send Us an Ace* of y'' pro- 

And Whereas There is a Truce made w*** y« People of Salley, 
you are, in case, you meet w**' any Ships of that place, to permitt 
them to pass on theire Affaires w^^'out any Molestacon till 
Such time as you shall receive further Order to y^ Contrary, 
Dated at y« Admirallty Office this 17''^ February 1700. 

J. Bridgewater 
G Brooke 
To Cap* Edward Nevill Command' of his Maj*'" Ship y* 


J Burchell Mitchell 

Geo Churchill. 



(From the Ludwell Papers, Virginia Historical Society.) 

[Philip Ludwell of "Green Spring" or "Rich Neck," James 
City Co. Va, the last male of a family of great note in the Co- 
lonial period, was b'n Dec. 28, 1716; married in 1757 Frances, 
daughter of Charles Grymes, of "Morattico," Richmond Co. 
Va; was appointed member of the Council in 1752. He re- 
moved to England some years before his death which occurred 
on March 25, 1767. He had two daughters Hannah Philippa 
who married William Lee, of Va, then resident in London, and 
Lucy, who married John Paradise Esq, of Charles Street, 
Berkeley Square London. "Green Spring, "Rich Neck," 
"Hott Water," etc., were large estates lying on the north side 
of James River not far from James Town. Scotland was 
probably at the present Scotland Wharf, opposite. It has 
been thought that the inventory of a planter of large estate 
would be of interest. It should be borne in mind that the 
family had not been resident in Va for some years] 

Hot Water. 

1 Negro Man, Wil ._ £60' 

1 Ditto, Manuel- 60" 

1 Ditto, Peter Currier._ 60" 

1 Ditto, Peter Fox.__ 60" 

1 Ditto, Tinker-..- 40" 

1 Ditto, Lott _- 20" 

1 Ditto, Jack 60" 

1 Ditto, Damus 55" 

1 Ditto Woman, Sukey 45" 

1 Ditto, Till 45" 


1 Ditto, Beller. 45" 

1 Ditto, Fanny. 50" 

1 Ditto, Moll 1" 

1 Ditto, Sarah- 1" 

1 Ditto, Tempey..— 50" 

1 Ditto, Rachel-_ 50" 

1 Ditto Boy, Anthony._.._ 40" 

1 Ditto, Lewis _ 35" 

1 Ditto, Charles.__ 35" 

1 Ditto, Billey 15" 

1 Ditto, Frank 20" 

1 Ditto Girl, Rose 30" 

1 Ditto, Judith..._ 25" 

1 Ditto, Phillis 20" 

1 Ditto, Lucy 20" 

Amey 15" 

_... Letty.__ 10" 

„ Sail 15" 

„ Betty 10" 

Thomison 5" 

_ Keziah _ 5" 

Sukey .-.._ 20" 

17" 10' 

[Part torn off] 23" 15 

8" 12 

3" 5 


.„ 1"— 

£1077" 17 

1 Brass Barrel Gun. 1" 10' 

1 Ox Cart & Gear._ 4"—' 

1 Grind Stone & Iron pott. 1" — ' 

1713^ Bar'ls Com a 10— 

100 feet of Tops & 14 M Blades 19"—" 

16833^ lb. Tobacco a 20— 

33M Bush'ls Wheat a 4— 



1 Negro Man, George.— _ £60" 

1 Ditto, Daniel 60" 

1 Ditto, Vulcan.. 10"—' 

1 Ditto, Gaby.. 15"- 

1 Ditto, Sam._ 60"- 

1 Ditto, Dick 60"- 

1 Ditto, Robin 60"- 

1 Woman, Dinah. 40"- 

1 Ditto, Beck 30"- 

1 Ditto, Crager 50"- 

1 Ditto, Silvy 50"- 

1 Ditto, Phillis 45"—' 

1 Boy, Peter 55" 

1 Ditto, Toby 50"—' 

1 Ditto, Isaac... 10"—' 

1 Ditto, Tom 15"- 

1 Ditto, Jack 5"— " — 

1 Girl, Beck 

1 Ditto, Jane 

1 Ditto, Pheby 

1 Ditto, JudithL.. 

1 Ditto, Hester 

7 Draught Steers 

30 head of Cattle 

6 Calves 

14 Sheep 

15 Hogs 

10 small ditto 

27 Broad & Narrow hoes? 

7 Axes & 1 G 

Brought Forward £830"17"- 

3 harrow Teeth 15" 15"- 

1 Iron pott & 1 Grind Stone "15"- 

3 Iron Wedges , 7" 

1 Ox Cart & Gear 8"— "- 

220 Bar'ls Com a 10— 


134 feet of Tops & 13 M Blades 19" 14"- 

3683 lb Tobacco a 20 

141^ Bush'ls Wheat a 4— — 


1 Negro Man, Cupid 40" — "■ 

1 Ditto, Jack ._ 20"—" 

1 Ditto, Robin 60 

1 Ditto, CoUey- 

1 Woman, Sarah. 45" 

1 Ditto, Juno 50" 

1 Ditto, Sue.— 40" 

1 Ditto, Nanney 15" 

1 Boy, Solomon 50" 

1 Ditto, Giles 40" 

1 Ditto, Michael 30" 

1 Ditto, Hannibal. 20" 

1 Ditto, Will.„.._ 10" 

1 Ditto, Cupid 5" 

1 Girl, Winney _ 15" 

1 Ditto, Fay 5" 

1 Ditto, Chloe 25" 

1 Ditto, Sukey 20" 

1 Ditto Nancey -- 15" 

1 Ditto, Sail 10" 

head of Cattle a 32— 6 50" 7" 6 

Calves a 8— 3" 4 

Sheep a 6— 10" 6 

8" — 

& 18 Pigs..._ 3" — 

Axles & Wedges 1" 5 

pott —"15 

of Tops & 4 M Blades 6" — 

Bar'ls Com a - 

PiNEwoQD Meadow. 

1 Negro Man, Phm.„ 60"—"— 

1 Ditto, Harry 50"—" — 


1 Ditto, Dirncan _ 60"- 

1 Ditto, Abel 50"- 

1 Woman, Thomison ..._ _ 30"- 

1 Ditto, Sarah 30"- 

1 Ditto, Nanney _ 45"- 

1 Ditto, Eve 45"- 

1 Ditto, PhiUis 

1 Ditto, Mimey 50"- 

1 Boy, Kitt 40"- 

1 Ditto, Edmond 40"- 

1 Ditto, Dick 35"- 

1 Ditto, Mike...„ 15"- 

1 Ditto, Joe._ 20"- 

1 Ditto, Mallard 5"- 

1 Girl, Phillis _ 10"- 

1 Ditto, Lydia 20"- 

1 Ditto, Betty..._ 10" 

1 Ditto, Eady 15"- 

1 Ditto, Fanny 5"- 

6 Draught Steers a 50 — 15"- 

21 head Cattle a 30— 31" 10' 

2 Calves _ — " 16' 

31 Sheep a 6—.. 9" 6' 

5 Hogs & 15 Pigs 4" 5' 

1 Cart & Gear 5" 

14 hoes & 4 Axles 1" 

3 harrow Teeth & 3 Wedges _ 1" 

1 Iron pott & Grind Stone — " 15" — 

873^ Bar'ls Com a 10— _ 

78 feet of Tops & M Blades 10"—" — 

7 Bush'ls Wheat a 4— 

Mill Quarter. 

1 Negro Man, Jemmy — £60" — 

1 Ditto, Mingo.„ 55" — 

1 Ditto, Simon 50"—' 

1 Woman, MiUey. 50" 

1 Boy, Bob 25"— 


1 Ditto, James 15" — 

1 Ditto, Charles...- 5"— 

1 Girl, Molley..- 15"— 

4 Draught Steers 10" — 

13 head of cattle a 30—. 19" 10 

6 Calves - 1" 10 

21 Hogs 7" 7 

1 Cart & Gear 3"— 

10 hoes - - - .- - — " 15 

2 harrow hoes, 3 Wedges & 3 Axes 1" 3 

Grind Stone, Mill pecks &c _ _ 1" — 

Tops & Blades. 10" — 

49 Bar'ls Com a 10— _ _ 

Archers Hope. 

1 Negro Man, Robin 60" — ' 

1 Ditto, Will 60" 

1 Ditto, Patrick 60" 

1 Woman, Sue 10" — ' 

1 Ditto, Moll - 20" 

1 Ditto, Fanny.... 30" 

1 Ditto, Lucy.. 50" 

1 Ditto, Bess. 15" — 

1 Ditto, Lucy Fox 45" — 

1 Boy, Parsiss 25" — 

1 Ditto, Will 15" — 

4 Draught Steers — 10" — 

28 head Cattle a 30 — 42" — 

8 Calves... 4" — 

49 Sheep a 7—6 18" 7 

18 Hogs a 9— 8" 2 

1 Cart & Gear 3" 10 

Brought Over £475" 19 

Plantation Tools 1"11 

1 Iron pott & Grind Stone — "15 

75 feet of Tops &QJ4M Blades._ 10" 5 

R B P 

73 3 3 Bar'ls Com a 10—... _ 

1878 lb Tobacco a 20— ._ _ 

ludwell appraisment 4(u 

Rich Neck. 

1 Negro Man, Daniel '3^0" — 

1 Ditto, Tom _ 70"— 

1 Ditto, Guster 60" — 

1 Ditto, Harry 60" — 

1 Ditto, Jemmy 60" — 

1 Ditto, Tom....._ 20" — 

1 Ditto, Peter 20" — 

1 Ditto, Shocker 10" — 

1 Ditto, John _ 30"—' 

1 Ditto, Bacon 25" — 

1 Woman, Hester 10" — 

1 Ditto, Judith 50" — 

1 Ditto, Jenny 40" — 

1 Ditto, Mary 40" — 

1 Ditto, Dinah 50" — 

1 Boy, Ben 45" — 

1 Ditto, Nero 12" — 

1 Ditto, Isham 5" — 

1 Girl, Nanny._ 25" — 

1 Ditto, Fanny 20" — 

1 Ditto, Peg 17" — 

7 Draught Steers a 50— 17" 10 

22 head Cattle a 30— 33" — 

4 Calves ^1" 12 

25 Sheep a 7—6 9" 7 

10 Hogs. ..._ 3" 5 

1 Cart 5 Horses & Gear 36" — 

1 Ox Cart & Gear 8" — 

23 Broad & Narrow hoes 2" — 

Brought For\\'ard _ £850" 4 

5 Axes & 3 Wedges — " 17 

3 harrow Teeth & 1 flook hoe — " 17 

2 Iron potts & 1 Grind Stone 1" 10' 

96 feet of Tops & 83^ M Blades 13" 6 

B B 

119 3 Bar'ls Corn a 10— 

1636 lb Tobacco a 20— 

Mill Pecks &c &c 2"— 

402 virginia historical magazine. 

New Quarter. 

1 Negro Man, Brewer 25" — 

1 Ditto, Ralph. _ _ _ 15"— 

1 Ditto, Jemmy 60" — 

1 Ditto, George 55" — 

1 Ditto, Will - 50" — 

1 Ditto, Tasso 60" — 

1 Ditto, Lewis 50" — 

1 Woman, Grace - 45" — 

1 Ditto, great Betty 50" — 

1 Ditto, Moll 45" — 

1 Ditto, Jenny... 20" — 

1 Ditto, Betty 45" — 

1 Ditto, old Nanny 5" — 

1 Ditto, Belinda 5" — 

1 Ditto, Doll 5" — 

1 Ditto, Nanny 50" — 

1 Ditto, Hester 5"—' 

1 Boy, Will. 50" — 

1 Ditto, Anthony 40" — 

1 Ditto, Johnny... 40" — 

1 Ditto, Stephen 25" — 

1 Ditto, York 35" — 

1 Girl, Grace 10" — 

I Ditto, Patt 30"—' 

II Draught Steers 22" — 

18 head Cattle a 28— 23" — 

3 Calves 1" 10 

25 Sheep 10" — 

£878" 16 

24 Hogs a 7— 6 9" — 

2 Ox Carts & Gear. 11" 10 

9 Axles & 3 Grubing hoes 1" 4 

27 Broad & Narrow hoes 2" — ' 

4 harrow hoes & 5 Wedges 1" 15' 

2 Iron potts & 1 Grind Stone — "12' 

185 feet of Tops & 15 M Blades 24" 

17VA Bar'ls Com a 10— 

22531.^ lb Tobacco a 20— 

ludwell appraisment 403 

Green Spring. 

1 Negro Man, BiUey, £100" 

1 Ditto, Matt 75" 

1 Ditto, Edmond 80" 

1 Ditto, George 90" 

1 Ditto, Charles 75" 

1 Ditto, Bacons 40" 

1 Ditto, Will _ 70" 

1 Ditto, Adam 20" 

1 Ditto, Sam 60" 

1 Ditto, Marcus 40" 

1 Ditto, Jemmy 40" 

1 Ditto, Cupid 50" 

1 Ditto, Simon._ 50" 

1 Ditto, Jack..._ 45" 

1 Ditto, Scipio 100" 

1 Ditto, Sam _ 60" 

1 Ditto, Billey 60" 

1 Ditto, Nero 60" 

1 Ditto, Pompey 20" 

1 Ditto, Roger 60" 

1 Ditto, Parriss 60" 

1 Ditto, Horriss 60" 

1 Ditto, Dick 60" 

1 Ditto, Harry 60" 

1 Ditto, Dick 80" 

1 Ditto, Johnny Ralph _ 70" 

1 Ditto, Toney- 40" 

1 Ditto, Guy 60" 


1 Negro Man, Ned 50' 

1 Woman, Rachel 50' 

1 Ditto, Daphney 75' 

1 Ditto, Marcy 50' 

1 Ditto, Nanny 50' 

1 Ditto, Sulcey 30' 

1 Ditto, Bettv 60' 


1 Ditto, Margery...- 25' 

1 Ditto, Sarah- _.- 20' 

1 Ditto, Fay Chamber 20' 

1 Ditto, Hannah - 50' 

1 Ditto, Winney - - 50' 

1 Ditto, Mourning—- - 55' 

1 Ditto, Betty - -- 50' 

1 Ditto, Amey -- - 50' 

1 Ditto, Belinda 30' 

1 Ditto, Hannah - - - 20' 

1 Ditto, Bess...- -. -— 50' 

1 Ditto, Sally - 50' 

1 Ditto, Distimony 40' 

1 Ditto Fay.- 15' 

1 Ditto, Silah 50' 

1 Ditto, Dinah... 30' 

1 Boy, Isaac 25' 

1 Ditto, Aaron 20' 

1 Ditto, James 15' 

1 Ditto, Anthony 30' 

1 Ditto, Joe. 30' 

1 Ditto, Roger 10' 

1 Ditto, Paul... 25' 

1 Ditto, Cato 30' 

1 Ditto, Cupid 25' 

1 Ditto, Jacob...... 55' 

1 Ditto, Mercury. 50' 

1 Ditto, Godfrey. 20' 

1 Ditto, Sawney. 8' 

1 Girl, Letty 40' 

1 Ditto, Chloe 30' 

1 Ditto, Grace 30' 

1 Ditto, Policy 30' 


1 Negro Girl, Cicely 15' 

1 Ditto, Nanny _ 15' 


1 Ditto, Nell. 



1 Ditto, Judith 



1 Ditto, Aggev 



1 Ditto, Sillah. 



1 Ditto, Eadith . 



1 Ditto, Lydia 

.. 18"—' 

1 Ditto, Criss 



47 head of Cattle 

26 young Ditto .. 

12 Calves 

10 Draught Steers 

63 Sheep 

36 Hogs 

24 Shotes 

4 Sows & 29 Pigs 

a 35— 

a 15— ._ 

a 8— 

a 50— ..._ 

a 7— 6._ 

a 12— 

82" 5' 

19" 10' 

4" 16' 


23" 12' 

21" 12' 

' 6 

S 5.-._ 




1 Horse (young Britton) 

I Ditto, Partner 

II Mares 




' — 

6 Coalts 



1 Sorrel Horse, Sterling.. . 

12"— • 

1 Ditto, Skim 



1 Bay Ditto, Ruby 



1 Small Sorrel Mare 



1 Bay Horse, Chance._ 

31 Broad & Narrow hoes .. 




11 Narrow Axes 

1" 2' 


7 harrow Teeth 

1"— ' 


4 Plows 

7" — ' 


6 old Harrows 



2 Ox Carts & Gear 



1 Carry Log & Chain 

.. 5"—' 


1 Tumbler 



9 P' Cart Wheels a 35—. 

4 Grind Stones 

15" 15' 


' — 

1 P"" hand Mill Stones 

— " 12' 

' 6 


' — 


Brought Forward £3720" 10 

a parcel of Garden Tools 1" 15 

1 Desk - - 4" 10' 

1 Bed, Blankets, Curtings, & Bed Steed 8" 10' 

1 Square Table _. — " 2 

1 P' Andirons, fender & Tongs..... — " 10 

1 Seal Skin Trunk — " 10 

1 Clothes press.. 1" — 

2 Trunks, 2 Mattresses & Carpet. 5" — 

1 Bed & furniture 12" — 

1 Ditto...- 7" — 

1 Dressing Table & Glass 1" — 

1 Looking Glass — " 7 

6 Rush Chairs & Cushions... 2" — 

1 Tea Table _ — " 10 

1 p'' Andirons, Tongs, Shovel, Fender & brush 1" — 

1 Kitchen Clock. 3"— ' 

Carpenters Tools & 2 Whip Saws 8"—' 

1 Small Bed Tick & Bolster 1" — 

3 Bed Covers.- __ 3"— 

1 Bed Quilt 1" 10 

a parcel old Curtins &c._„ — " 10 

2 P^ Cotton & 1 P' Ozn. Sheets 2" — 

1 Sute of Musketo Curtins 2" — 

Strip'd Muslin do — " 10' 

1 Sute Virg'a Cloth d'o. 3"—' 

1 d'o thread Damask d'o 3" 

5 Window Curtins Virg'a Cloth 2"—' 

1 Sute Stamp'd Virg'a Cloth Curtins 3" — ' 

1 Dressing Glass — "10 

2 Trunks 1 Chest & Lumber — " 10 

3 Canes — " 18 

1 Callico Sute Field Bed Curtins 2" 10 

1 Sute plaid Curtins 1" — 

1 d'o Searsuckers d'o 2" — 

1 d'o Silk patch work d'o 1" 10 

2 Shovels, 3 P' Tongs, 2 Chests 1" — 


2 Marble Morters, 4 pestels 1" 5" — 

£3810" 8" 6 

1 Bed & furniture 8" — " — 

1 Ditto. 7"— "_ 

1 Leather Couch 6" — " — 

1 Chest Draws & Dressing Glass 2" — " — 

1 Comer Cupboard 2" — " — 

1 Dressing Table & Glass. 2"— " — 

1 old Looking Glass.— — "15" — 

1 Close Stool _ 1" 5" — 

8 Cain Chairs, 2 Stools, 1 square Table 1" 10" — 

1 Small Carpet —"10" — 

2 ?•• Andirons, fender, Tongs Shovel — " 15" — 

1 Bed & furniture.- _ 0"— " — 

1 Bed Bolster & Bed Stead 4"_"_ 

1 Silk Bed Quilt 2" 10" — 

1 Cain Couch & furniture 1" — " — 

1 Field Bed Stead..._- 1" 10" — 

6 Window Curtins — " 18" — 

12 plain, 2 Elbow Chairs Walnut 8"— " — 

12 Walnut Chairs _ 9"— " — 

2 vSquare Walnut Tables 4"— " — 

1 Comer & 2 Oval Tables 2"— " — 

1 square Table & Dressing Glass — " 10" — 

1 old Chest Draws, Maps & pictures — " 10" — 

2 Tables & 5 Rush Chairs l'-_"_ 

1 Speaking Trumpet & Lumber 1" 10" — 

1 P' Andirons, Tongs & Shovel 1"— " — 

2 Beds, Bed Steed & old Tmnk 1"_"_ 

3 Beds, 3 Bolsters, 2 pHlows & Bed Steed 10"—" — 

12 Yds Linnen, & Caps of Lace „ 3" 8" — 

4 Tmnks & 2 old Chairs.„ 1" 10" — 

2 Tmssel Beds & Bolster 2"— " — 

3 Tmssel Bed Steeds — " 5" — 

2 old Coal Stills, 1 pewter Cooler 2"— " — 

10 old Leather Chairs __ 1" — " — 

10 old Cain & Rush d'o._ — " 5" — 


2 old Comer Cupboards, & Chest draws & Top 

of a Bureau. — " 15" — 

£3907" 14 

old Chests of Lumber. 3" — 

1 Bed, Bolster, Coverlid, 11 Blankets & 2 old 

Bed Steeds 6" — 

6 Chairs 2" 8 

1 Dressing Table Sc 2 Glasses .-- 4" — 

1 old Desk, & square Table ... 1" 10 

3 small Trunks ... — " 7 

1 P"" Andirons, fender. Shovel, Tongs, Bellows. — "10 

1 old Desk 1" — 

1 large Table. 2" — 

1 Plate Case... 6" — 

2 Mahogany Tables 6" — 

1 Walnut D'o 2" — 

1 Mahogany Writing Table... 3" — 

1 Tea Table 1" 5 

18 Leather Chairs.. 4" 10 

1 Large Looking Glass 2" — 

8 Pictures... 2" — 

Andirons, Fender, Tongs & Shovel 1"15 

Bolting Cloths — " 10 

5 P' Wosted Stockings 1" 5 

9 yd« Druget Buttons & Twist 1" — 

8 yd^ Shalloon & Livery Lace. 1" — 

5}4 lb blue thread l"ir 

2 lb Whited Brown d'o — " 12 

20 lb Brown thread 3" — 

2 hair Trunks. — " 15' 

1 Case & 11 Bottles — " 12 

1 Bacgamon Table. 1" 

1 Bird Cage & Tin Cistern 1" 

1 Table, 1 funnel, 2 Ratt Traps, 1 Glue pott, 

5 pictures, & a Bracket — " 10' 

1 Plate Warmer. — " 15 

3 P^ Mans Black Gloves — " 7 


1 old Table & pott Case —"15" — 

1 large Mahogany Table. _ 4" — " — 

£3975" 13" — 

1 Walnut Table - 2" 10" — 

1 Square d'o — "10" — 

2 Tea Tables .- 1" 10" — 

1 Desk & Book Case 7"_"_ 

1 Screen... — 1" 5" — 

1 large Looking Glass 2" 10" — 

1 Spinet -- 3" — " — 

12 Walnut & 2 Comer Chairs 10" 10" — 

5 Pictures - 1" 5" — 

1 Floorcloth 1" 5"— 

1 ?•■ Andirons, Fender, Tongs & Shovel . 1" 15" — 

1 Mahogany Cloths Press.. 3" — " — 

1 Square Tea Table & wash Stand.. !"_"_ 

22 Blue & white China Dishes _ 5" 10" — 

71^ doz. d'o Plates 6" 15"— 

11 Red & white Gilt d'o Dishes 4"_"_ 

37 D'o Plates . 3"— " — 

5 D'o Bowls 2"— " — 

14 Blue & white Ditto....... 1" 10" — 

2 Ditto Mugs. —"12" — 

1 Broken Sett Gilt Cups &c _ 1"_"_ 

ID'o D'o —"18" — 

1 D'o D'o —"15" — 

1 D'o blue & white D'o _ —"15" — 

ID'o D'o _ —"12" — 

ID'o white D'o —"10" — 

14 Chocolate Cups & Saucers 1 

8 brown Cups & 2 Tea potts J "" 

8 Glass Cans — " 15" — 

7 Decanters..... —"17" 6 

3 Candle Glasses & Candle Sticks _ — " 10" — 

8 froot Glasses — " 12" — 

39 finger glasses & 10 Stands 1" 19" — 

15 Glass Tumblers — " 15" — 

10" — 


4 Glass Salts, 6 Cruits, & 2 Mustard potts — " 6" — 

18 Glass Tart Moulds — " 9" — 

24 Cider Glasses — " 16" — 

9 Strong Beer Glasses — " 8" 6 

58 Wine Glasses. .-... 1"18" 8 

I Sett of Glass Salvers 2" 10" — 

99 Jelly Glasses &c. 1" 15" — 

4 large white stone Mugs ..— — " 10" — 

£4056" 1" 8 

3 q* & 2 p* white Stone Mugs — " 4" — 

a parcel of white Stone Cups &c — " 10" — 

7 Wash Basons...... — " 7" — 

a parcel Stone & brown Ware... — " 12" — 

II Stone Sweet Meat potts — " 7" 6 

a parcel blue & white Earth'n Ware... — " 7" — 

23 Cannisters, 5 Nipple glasses, 3 Boxes... 2" — " — 

6 Lead Chocolate Moulds — " 2" — 

9 Tea Spoons & Case 1" — " — 

10 Chamber potts — " 10" — 

1 Case Desert knives & forks 1" 5" — 

1 Ditto old....... —"15" — 

2 Tea Boards & 2 Sliders 1" 10" — 

1 Tea Chest & Cannisters — " 10" — 

2 doz Ivory knives & forks..... 2" — " — 

3^ doz old Sweet Meat d'o — " 2" — 

5 Brass Chafing Dishes..... — " 15" — 

4 P^ Nutt Crackers & 2 P^ Steel Snuffers — " 10" — 

1 Coffee Roster, & 1 Toaster — " 5" — 

14 Brass, 1 Steel Candle Sticks 3 P^ Snuffers 2" 5" — 

5 Copper Tea Kettles.. 3" — " — 

1 d'o Coffie & 1 Chocolate potts — " 9" — 

2 Japan Waters — " 5" — 

3 White Stone Tea potts, 6 Mugs.. — " 7" 6 

18 Brown Stone Mugs — " 13" — 

5 Earthen potts, 4 pipkins & 2 brown Tea 

Canisters — " 8" — 

2 Locks with brass knobs — " 10" — 


2 blue & white vStone Mugs — " 5" — 

3 doz thin pewter plates 4" 10" — 

4 doz pewter plates (used) 5" — " — 

1 doz Water plates 2" 10" — 

25 pewter Dishes 6" 5" — 

6 Water Dishes..._ 2" 10" — 

1 Pewter Bason — " 6" — 

1 Copper Cooler._ 1"10" — 

53 lb old pewter 1"15" 4 

2 pewter Shaving potts.— — " 5" — 

a parcel Tin Ware _. 2" 9" — 

£4104" 16" — 

1 Brass Coffie pott & hand BeU — " 5" — 

2 P' Bellows- — " 7" 6 

2 Warming pans. — " 15" — 

3 hair brooms & 1 Mop.. — " 3" — 

2 Brushes, 2 Sliders, 1 P' Snuffers — " 3" — 

2 P"" large Cards — " 4" — 

3 Box Irons & heaters 2 flatt Irons, 3 Stands, 

1 Shovel, 1 dark Lanthom 1" — " — 

4 Sarches & 4 Small Sifters — " 5" — 

3 hour Glasses... — " 3" — 

3 knots Jack lines & Coffie Mill — " 10" — 

1 Tea Chest. — " 8" — 

5 Chests, 4 Trunks, & 4 Boxes 2" 10" — 

1 Pine press — "10" — 

1 Plate Basket, Hampers & Baskets — " 15" — 

1 Chest & 2 Boxes Candles 13" 17" 6 

421b Bees Wax.. 3" 3" — 

4 Book Cases, 1 Trunk, 1 Box of Books 250"—" — 

1 Desk & Book Case 6"— " — 

1 Mahogany Chest Draws 10" — " — 

1 Reading Desk 1"10" — 

1 Field Bed Steed & Curtins 2"— " — 

1 Sadie, Housing Pistols Holsters &c 30"—" — 

4 Tables 2"— " — 

3 Rush Chairs — " 15" — 


3 p' Money Scales & w*^ 1" 10' 

1 Sett Globes & pocket Compass.— 5" — ' 

8 Pictures — " 15 

1 Gun -- 1" 5 

1 Candle Stick & Stand, Fender, Andirons, Tongs 

Freirt & Bellows -.... — " 10 

1 Powder horn, Shott Bag, 3 gun Worms, & 3 

brass Cocks — " 12 

1 reading frame._ — " 4 

1 p"- large & 1 p'' pocket Pistols 2" 10 

Shott & Bullet Moulds 1 hand Vice, Scrapers, 

Worms, Shott Bag & Bullets 1" 

7 old Swords, 1 Bayonet, 2 Cart Boxes, Gun 

Bucket & Chain 1" 

Medicens, Morters, Glasses &c &c 10" 

£4456" 11 

1 Cave Scarificator &c 3" — 

2 old Chest Draws 3" — 

1 large hand Vice & 1 Sun Dial 1" — 

1 p^ Spurs & Nail Cutters..... — " 7 

3 p^ Scales & w^^. Trunk, Glasses &c 2" — 

Sugar Chests, Canister, Baskets &c.. 1" 5 

1 Brass Box Lock... — "10 

2 presses, 1 Chest, Table, Draws, Scrubing 

Brush & hand Brushes 1" — 

3 pr Stilliards 1" — 

1254 lb Indico, a 3—6 219" 19 

2 Pipes Wine .- 80" — 

1 Box Soap 3" — 

1416 lb old Iron, a 1}4'^ 8" 17 

54 lb old Brass, a 8^^ — 1" 16 

34 new Broad hoes, a 3 — 6 5" 19 

107 d'o Narrow, a 3— 16" 1 

18 d'o Broad Axes, a 5— 4" 10' 

18 d'o Narrow, a 3—6 3" 3 

8 sett Cart Boxes 3" 5 

5 p"" Andirons. 2" — 


320 lb Cart Tire & MiU Gudgions 8" 

16 lb Brown thread 2" 16' 

8 lb Shoe thread — " 16' 

5 Calf Skins & hair Cloth — " 18' 

Smith's Tools 10" 

Paint & Lamblack 8" 

Chest of Carpenters Tools 7" 

5 Bags — " 10' 

1 large hand Bell & Carv'g knife & fork — " 15' 

29 Indico knives 1" 9' 

100 Candle Motdds. 10" 

1 Tin hand pump, & large Canister. 1" 

Allom — " 6' 

5 Bed Cords.. — " 10—" 

23 old Reap hooks —"11' 

a parcel of Cards.. — " 10' 

41 Indico hoes 1" 

10 p"" Sheep Shears _ 1" 

£4873" 5 

Hair Brooms & Brushes 1" 15 

1 p' Tongs & Shovel — " 15 

3 p' TL hinges — " 18 

28 Washers, Clouts & Nails 1" 5 

2 Bung Boarers. — " 8 

4 Garden Rakes, 1 Real, 3 hedge Bills 1" — 

1 Trunk, 1 laced Hatt —"16 

17 Yd« blue Cloth 6" 16 

7 yd* white Shalloon & Flannel — " 10 

Livery Lace — " 15 

63^ Yd" Buckram — " 13 

Buttons & Twist 3" 7 

1 p' Can hooks & 2 Trowels — " 6 

20^^ Nails 7" — 

lO'i Ditto 8" — 

S" Ditto- 2" 8 

6" Ditto 6" 5 

4^ Ditto 4" 1 1 


3*^ Ditto — " 12" — 

12 Stock Locks 1" 10" — 

1 old Sadie Bridle &c _ — " 10" — 

Chests &c — " 15" — 

Box of pipes — "5" — 

14 Sithes & Whet Stones 4" 5" — 

1 New Whip Saw._. 2" 10" — 

5 old Ditto. — " 5" — 

6 new frying pans 1"10" — 

2 Pads — " 10" — 

11 Sifters — " 11" — 

1 old Chariot & Harness..... 2" 10" — 

a parcel of Leather 6" — " — 

2 old Sains „ i"_"_ 

1 Dril Plow._ —"10" — 

2 p' Dutch Blankets 12" 12" — 

old Chests, Boxes Ec. — " 10" — 

Ropes & halters — " 10" — 

4 p'' X Garnet hinges, harrow Teeth &c 2" — " — 

1000 Ells Oznabrigs... 62" 10" — 

500 Yd" Cotton 50"—" — 

£5071" 19" — 

12 doz. Irish hose 14" 8" — 

Virginia Cloth 12" 19" 6 

77 lb Wool. 1"18" 6 

1 p' large Scales & W'" 10"—" — 

1741b Yam 13" 1" — 

38 lb wash'd Wool 1" 18"— 

12 lb Cotton — " 15" — 

21 lb Spun Cotton.. 3" 18" 9 

22 Yd« Rushia Linnen —"14" 8 

Bottled Wine 18"—" — 

7 Jars & 15 GalP Oyl 4" 15" — 

2 Jugs Sp*s Turpentine 1" 10" — 

1 Cask Spanish brown 3" — " — 

8^ doz. pint bottles. — "10" — 

13 pint bottles Renish 1" 6" — 


1 Carboy French Brandy 2" — " — 

3 Jugs & 5 Gallons Honey 1" 11" — 

5>^ doz. q* Bottles...- „ — "16" 6 

1 old Desk, 2 old Tables, 2 Chairs — " 5" — 

1 Cloaths Press — "10" — 

19 lb Feathers. 1" 8" 6 

1 Bed & Bed Steed 1" 10" — 

1 p"" Andirons, Fender, 1 p"" Tongs & 2 Chafing Dishes 

2 Tables 1" 10" — 

3 Jars & 1 Stand !"_"_ 

10 Butter potts 2"— " — 

1 Marble Morter & pessel 2" — " — 

32 Milk pans 1" 6" 6 

Tubs & pails 1" 15" — 

2 Pye plates, 2 Cake pans, 1 Cheese plate, 3 

pasty pans ..- — " 15" — 

2 Pewter, 1 Led, Cream & butter potts 1" 5" — 

1 Call'' 1 Pottle, 1 q\ 1 p\ IM pS 1 giU potts i"_"_ 

1 Sifter, 1 Search Case, 1 flower Chest — " 7" 6 

2 Churs, & 2 Trays — " 10" — 

2 Tables, & 2 Benches — " 10" — 

1 black pott, & pickle Bottles — " 5" — 

£5183" 18" 5 

12 old Windsor Chairs — " 12" — 

1 Loom & harness, 3 Spinning Wheels & Cards 2" — " — 

1 Vice Safe 1" 10" — 

1 Iron Morter , — "15" — 

11 Jars & Soap 19"—" — 

13 potts & Jugs — " 13" — 

Small Jugs & Martin potts — "1'5" — 

7 Carboys & 17 Jugs 2" 8" — 

1 Box & hard vSoap — " 4" — 

2 Copper Coal Stills 5" — " — 

7 Iron potts & hooks 3" 10" — 

7 pott Racks 3"10" — 

1 Spitt Racks 1"_«'_ 

1 p"" Andirons & poker 1" — " — 

1 Jack & 8 Spitts 6"-" — 


4 Frying pans, 3 Driping d'o 2" — 

2 Ladles, 3 Skinuners & 1 Grater__ — " 10 

1 old Dutch Oven & 3 brass pans... — " 10' 

1 old Copper fish Kettle, 1 preserving pan, & 

2 Sauce pans — " 15 

1 Copper fish Kettle, 1 preserving pan, & 2 Stew 

pans -- 3" — 

3 Copper Kettles... 10" — 

5 Bell Mettle Skillets.... 2" 8 

2 Grid Irons,' 3 Trivets, 2 flesh forks — " 15 

TaUow — " 5 

3 Pickle potts, 1 Spice Morter —"10 

2 old Coppers 5" — 

2 Tubs, 2 pails. Table & bench — " 12 

Salt 2" 5 

3 Meat Trough's, 6 Tubs.. 1" — 

1 Fumess for Ashes.... 2" — 

Wheel Wrights Tools & old Tire = 9"— ' 

1 old Bolting Mill... — " 5 

5 potts of Butter 6" 10 

2 Roling Stones 3" — 

1 p'' Tarriers, flyers &c. — " 5 

2 Asses. 10" — 

£5292" 5 

Shoe Maker's Tools &c 2" 15 

19 Bell Glasses... 3" — 

180 feet of Tops & 18 M Blades.... 27" — 

1 Boat & Sails, & 1 Pettianger 5" — 

Brought Over £878" 14 

4 old Guns...... — " 10 

265 Bar'ls Com, a 10— 

5404 lb Tobacco, a 20— 

180 Bush'ls Wheat, a 4— 36" — 

10 Bush'ls Pease, a 2—6. 1" 5 

53 Hides, a 5—.. 13" 5 

15 Skins 2" 5 

1 Apple press &c 1" — 

£5385" 1 



(By G. Andrews Moriarity, Jr., A. M., Boston, Mass.) 

One of the most prominent families of Lower Norfolk county 
during the 17th century, was that of Emperour, and, although it has 
long been extinct in the male line, its blood, transmitted through 
females, still flows in the veins of many prominent Virginians and 
the name still survives as a given one among many of the old 
families of Norfolk and Princess Ann. 

The original name appears to have been De Keyser and its first 
members in England were Dutchmen, who, driven out of the Low 
Countries at the time of the Spanish rule, settled in the Walloon 
Colony that flourished in Norwich in the 16th century. The Norwich 
records state that "Guilielmus De Keyser, lanificus, cum uxore et 
sex pueris, quorum unus hie natus est, et cum ancilla, ex Brabantia 
hue venit anno 1561." In 1567 a John de Keyser came to Norwich 
from Flanders and in the town records the name is called "de 
Keyser anglice Emperour." The records of the Dutch Church at 
Norwick baund with references to the De Keyser, Lempereur and 
Emperour family, as the name is variously spelled. In 1584, a 
Francis Emperour, "from the dominions of the King of Spain," is 
noted as living in Norwich; and in 1653 a Francis Emperour, a 
tobacco merchant, was residing there. 

With regard to the Virginia family the late E. W. James, Esq., 
collected considerable data, concerning its members, in his admirable 
publication, "The Lower Norfolk Antiquary," but further investiga- 
tion upon my part revealed so much new data, including very 
valuable information which I discovered at Barbados that I have 
decided to throw my notes into a regular pedigree form, as follows: 

I 1. Emperour. 

Probably of Norwich England; and perhaps the son of the Francis 
Emperour, who was in Norwich in 1584, as having recently arrived 
from the dominions of the King of Spain. lie had at least four 

2. Elizabeth married Horbin of Barbados. 

3. Sarah married 1st Edward Oistin of Christ Church Barbados 
and 2ndly William Leigh or Lee. 


4. Capt. Francis of Lower Norfolk Va. 

5. John of St. Michael's Barbados. 

II 2. Elizabeth Emperour, probably born in England. Married 
Horbin of Barbados, probably the brother of Joseph 

Horbin of St. Michaels parish, a rich Barbadian planter, who owned 
estates in Jamaica and South Carolina and whose wife was related to 
the Seabury family in New England. 

Elizabeth Horbin removed to Princess Anne County Virginia 
and made her will there on 30 December 1693, proved 4 November 
1696. She calls herself "late of Barbados, but now of Princess 
Ann Co. Virginia." She bequeathes to her cousin Elizabeth Ramsden 
daughter of "my sister Sarah Lee in Barbados" and to my cousins 
Elizabeth and William Ramsden, children of my cousin Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Ramsden ; • to my loving cousin, Mr. Francis Emperour, and 
his son, Francis; to my loving cousin Mrs. Sarah Emperour, wife of 
my cousin Francis Emperour; to my loving friend and kinsman 
Mr. Tully Robinson and makes my loving cousin Mrs. Sarah Em- 
perour my executrix. She states that her Barbadian property is 
in the hands of Thomas Shearman and Joseph Hough at Barbados. 

II 3. Sarah Emperour married, at Christ Church parish, Barbados, 
on 1 March 1659, Edward Oistin gent., son of Edward Oistin, gen- 
tleman of Christ Church parish, an early magistrate there in 1629. 
Oistin's Town and Oistin's Bay, in Christ Church parish, derive 
their name from this family, whose estates lay in the South West 
part of the parish on the coast. Edward Oistin died in 1669 and 
she married secondly William Leigh at St. John's parish, Barbados, 
on 3 August 1670. 

Issue by her first husband: 

6. Elizabeth married 1st Henry Ramsden of Christ Church Barba- 
dos and 2ndly Miles James of Christ Church about 1701. 

7. Edward. 

8. Sarah married her cousin, Francis Tully Emperour, of Lower 
Norfolk, Va., on 25 September 1679, at Christ Church, Barbados. 

II 4. Captain Francis Emperour. Born about 1628, died 1662. 
of Lower Norfolk Co. Va. He appears to have come to Virginia about 
1650 and on the 20 Jafluary 1650, Thomas Marsh gave him a 
Power of Attorney. On 15 September 1652 he was given a certificate 
for 300 acres for the transportation of himself, Mary Emperour, 
Charles Emperour and others into the Colony. On 15 August 1661 
he was granted land for the importation of Elizabeth and William 
Emperour and Marcus Tully, while on 21 November 1673 his widow, 
Mary, received land for the importation of herself, Capt. Francis 
Emperour, William Emperour, Elizabeth Emperour, Markus Tuly 
and Wanny, a negro. 


Capt. Francis Emperour settled on the Eastern Branch of the 
Elizabeth River in Lynnhaven Parish in Lower Norfolk and was 
a prominent Merchant and Master Mariner there, while he also 
owned a large landed estate. He was a Commissioner for Lower 
Norfolk County from 15 October 1652 to 15 February 1659 and on 21 
December 1652 was sworn in as High Sheriff of the County. He 
appears to have belonged to the Puritan party then very strong in 
Lower Norfolk and Nansemond Counties and negotiated, as is shown 
by certain documents, on file at Portsmouth and dated 19 November 
1656, with "Mr. Moore, Minister of God in New England [Long 
Island], when he was last at ye Mannadus" [i. e Manhattan], 
concerning his coming to Virginia. On 25 November 1655 he signed 
a letter to Capt. Thomas Willoughby relative to the procuring of 
a Puritan minister for Lynnhaven. 

The records of Suffolk County, Massachusetts, show that in July 
1656 he was at Boston, probably on a voyage; for, on 15 July 1656, 
he translated certain Dutch documents from New Amsterdam, for 
the use of the Massachusetts Court, in the case of Gerardy vs. Kilvert; 
thus confirming the fact that the family was of Dutch origin. On 
17 November 1656 he sued Daniel Lane, of Salem, "Mr. of the 
Ketch Dolphin," in the Lower Norfolk Court, for damage done his 
goods on a voyage from Boston to Virginia (evidently his return 
trip, after his stay in Boston, during the summer of 1656). He 
states that the ketch sprang a leak off Nantasket and that they had 
to put into Plymouth to refit. In this deposition he calls himself 
"aged about 28 years." On 15 November, 1658 his voyage to the 
Indies is mentioned. These entries make it certain that he was 
a merchant of Puritan tendencies, who traded with New Amsterdam, 
New England and the West Indies. 

Besides the offices already referred to he was Surveyor and Col- 
lector of the Western Shore of Lynhaven on 1 November 1653 and 
Collector for both the Eastern and Western Shores and for Little 
Creek on 19 November 1656. His Inventory was taken on 14 June 
1662 and I cannot but consider it very significant that his tenure of 
public office ceased in 1659, just at the close of the Puritan rule 
in England. 

His wife, Mary Emperour, was beyond all doubt a Tully of the 
Eastern Shore family of that name. Two of their sons were called 
Francis Tully and Tully Emperour, respectively, and Mary Em- 
perour calls Tully Robinson her nephew. Mary Emperour, like the 
Oistins in Barbados, was a Quaker and was frequently fined for 
attending Quaker meetings. Her will, dated 20 April 1676. proved 
3 July 1676, mentions her sons Francis, William and Tully Emperour, 
her daughter Elizabeth Phillips and her three cousins [nephew 
and neices] Tully, Elizabeth and Mary Robinson. 


9. Francis afterwards Francis Tully. 

10. Tully. 

11. William. 

12. Elizabeth married Phillips. 

13. (?) Charles probably a son. Alive 15 September 1652; prob- 
ably died without issue before 20 April 1676. 

II 5. John Emperour of St. Michael's parish [i. e. Bridgetown] 
Barbados. He is mentioned, on 15 December 1657, by his brother 
Capt. Francis Emperour in a case before the Lower Norfolk Court, 
where he states the amount of sugar dispensed by him at Barbados 
for meat for a ship in which Capt. Francis was part owner. Among 
the Barbadian deeds at Bridgetown I found one of 4 August 1656, 
wherein Lieut. Benjamin Reade of Barbados conveyed to Mr. John 
Emperour of the same Island, his interest in four new servants, etc., 
together with 4,945 lbs. of good well cured muscovado sugar. This 
is all I have been able to find about him. He must however have 
been married and had issue, at least, two children; for there is no 
other place to fit in Thomas and Martha Emperour of Bridgetown, 
Barbados, except as his children. I therefore assume that he had 

14. Thomas of St. Michael's. 

15. Martha married at St. Michaels Cathedral Bridgetown on 22 
June 1673 Thomas Farle. 

Ill 9. Francis Emperour, gentleman, later called Francis Tully 
Emperour of Lower Norfolk and Princess Ann Counties, Virginia, 
and Christ Church parish, Barbados. Francis Tully Emperour v/as 
born probably about 1655 and resided principally in Lynnhaven 
parish. He was a Justice of Princess Ann in 1691-93. He appears 
to have been a large planter and merchant and his title of "gentle- 
man" indicates his position in the County. His place, which he later 
sold to the trustees of Thomas Walke's estate became famous as 
"Fairfield," the seat of the Walke family in Princess Ann County. 
His large estates in Virginia lay in Lynnhaven parish, but he also 
acquired, by marriage, extensive estates in Christ Church parish 
Barbados. He appears to have resided both in Virginia and in Barba- 
dos, but chiefly in the former colony. In 1696 the Princess Ann Court 
found him to be temporarily deranged. His will, on file at Princess 
Ann, is dated 26 May 1698, proved 20 July 1711. He leaves all his 
property to his son, Francis, and, in the event of his death, all his 
estates in Virginia were to go to the children of Tully Emperour 
and his estates in Barbados to the children of Henry Ramsden by 
Elizabeth Oistin. All the executors were gentlemen in Barbados. 
(To be Concluded) 



25. Henky Smith" Turner, born at "Marengo," April 1st, 1811, 
died Dec. 16, 1881; graduated .at West Point, 1834, promoted to Cap- 
tain U. S. A. 1838, Brevet Major for gallantry in battles in California 
and was wounded at San Pasqual; resigned 1848; settled in St. Louis, 
Mo., and was a member of the House of Representatives of that 
State 1859. He married Julia M. Hunt. 

Issue: 71. Thomas Theodore'^ (of whom later); 72. Harry Bur- 
gwyn', died in infancy; 73. Wilson P. Hunt', killed at the second 
battle of Manassas, aged eighteen; 74. Julia' married William Hill 
Lee, of St. Louis; 75. Henry Stephen', died in infancy; 76. William 
Fitzhugh', died in infancy; 77. Charles Hunt", (of whom later); 
78. Ann Eliza, died in childhood; 79. William Moffett', died aged 
fifteen; 79. James Lucas' (of whom later); 80. Theodosia Hunt, 
died in infancy; 81. Ann Theodosia, died unmarried, aged 27; 82. 
Eliza Randolph, married George M. Paschall; 83. Henry Victor', 
married Ada Semple Ames, and had a daughter Eliza Semple'; 84. 
Mary Delphine', married (1st) Col. Edward M. Heyl U. S. A.; and 
(2d) Col. Charles H. Heyl U. S. A.; 85. Wilson Pelham Hoxton 
(of whom later) ; 86. Sara Virginia', married Dr. John H. Bryan. 

30. Edward Carter" Turner, born at "Cloverland," Oct. 6, 1816, 
married (1st) Sarah, daughter of Bradshaw Beverley, of Fauquier 
County; (2d) Mary Lee, daughter of Robt Randolph Jr, of "Eastern 
View," Fauquier, and sister of Rt Rev. A. M. Randolph. 

Issue: (1st m.) 87. Rose Skinker, married Bradshaw Beverley; 
88. Thomas Baynton', died without issue; 89. Jeanne, married Ed- 
ward Carter; 90. Charles', died without issue; 91. Robert Fauntle- 
roy', married first, Mary West Corse (and had issue Margaretta 
Fitzhugh', and Edward Shirley') and secondly, Pocahontas Meredith 
(and had Mary Boiling') ; 02. Edward Carter*, married Nannie 
Carter (and had issue Richard Carter', Edward Carter' and Robert 
Fauntleroy); 93. Mary Beverley, married Edward Turner; 94. Eliza 
Randolph, married Jacqline Marshall; 95. Nathaniel Laughborough*, 
married Lucy Green and had issue Nathan L'. 

36. Carolinus" Turner, of "Bell Grove," King George County; 
married Susan, daughter of Henry Rose, of Alexandria. Carolinus 
Turner left "Bell Grove" to two of his daughters and it was sold 
some years ago. 

Issue: 96. George*, of "Nanzattico," married McGuire of 

Feredericksburg; 97. Caroline, married, 1876, Dr. Jett; 

98. Rohse, married, 1881, Judge Frederick C. S. Hunter, of King 
George Court House; 99. Augusta, married, 1881, Robt. Robb; 100. 
Alice, married George B. Matthews, of Washington, D. C. 
(To be Continued) 



Tristram Boiling, the eldest son of Robert Boiling, the attainted 
possessor of Boiling Hall, married Beatrix, daughter of Sir Walter 
Calverley, of Calverley. He was a man of great courage, and was 
most loyal to the Lancastrian party, so much so that he appears to 
have idolized Henry VI. In his behalf he fought alongside his father 
at Towton, but, being young, escaped further consequences than the 
disastrous defeat of his party. He died at Chellow, near Manningham, 
leaving an heiress, Rosamund, who had become the wife of Sir 
Richard Tempest, of Bracewell. We give a copy of his will on 
account of its quaintness of spelling and the information it con- 
tains : — 

Will of Tristram Boiling, of Chellow. 

April 7, 1502. Proved August 2. 

'I, Tristram Boiling, of Chellow, to be buryd in the high quere 
of my parish church of Bradforth, and I bequeath in honour of my 
mortuary my best horse wt. sadyll & brydll, jake, salet, bowe and 
harnes, sword and bockler, as I went to the warr. I bequeath unto 
the aulter of Synt Kateryn afore the image of King Henry the vj. 
one vestment with albe preist iijs. iiijd. To one priest for saying 
for my saule xxs. and li. wax to be brend upon my sepulture, and 
iiijd. for the wast of every torch brynnyng about my body the day 
of my buryall. To every man beyryng me to the church iiijd. I 
will yt all my manners, lands &c., being my inheritance after the 
decease of Robert Boiling my fader or any other tytU of right here- 
after remayne after my decease unto Richard Tempest and Rosa- 
munde my doghter and wyff unto the said Richard and to ther 
heyrs forever mor. I will that my wyff Elyne during her lyve have 
a yearly rent for her thirds out of my said maners, &c. To my son 
Edward Boiling all my lands purchased in the toun of Bradford 
except a messe. and one tenement lying beside the parich chirch, 
which I will remayn unto Thos. Tempest, son of Richard Tempest 
aforesaid. To the said Thos. Tempest one messe som tyme in the 
holdynge of Alison Dyn-Gurd. To John Tempest, son unto ye said 
Richard Tempest, one tenement called Rowley and one tenement in 
Thornton beside Bradford newly bylded. I wyll that Edwd. Robert- 
shaw take half a coile pytt at Clayton dewring one yere, and my 
wyff the other half, and then the said coile pytt to remayne to the 
foresaid Rich. Tempest and hys wyff. I order as executors Nicholas 
Tempest, Edward Bollynge, and Cudberd Lenthrope, my son Richard 
Tempest being superviseare. 

Thk Boi.iiNc; AR.Mi 

N'i'R.'itivt property of 

U. P. Cook Photourapher 

Riihnionil, V;i. 


GifFen at Chellow. Pro. 3 June, 1502.' 

The estates of Tristram Boiling comprised the manors of Boil- 
ing and Thornton, and lands in Little Boiling, Bradford, Clayton, 
Allerton, Wilsden, Hainworth, Horton, and Denholme. He thus left 
the bulk of his property to his daughter Rosemund, wife of Sir 
Richard Tempest, although he had a son, Edward, by his second 
wife, who succeeded him in the Chellow estates, which comprised 
the manor of Chellow, and a substantial residence. 


Although by the marriage of Rosamund, the daughter and heiress 
of Tristram Boiling, to Sir Richard Tempest, the ancient family 
estates left the main branch of the Boiling family, it is evident 
that the line was carried on at Chellow. Chellow is a hamlet of the 
township of Heaton, and was a separate manor at the time of the 
Domesday Survey. The Boilings continued at Chellow for a very 
long period; Edward Boiling, the son of Tristram (father of Rosa- 
mund), succeeding his father there, he in turn being succeeded 
by his son Tristram. 

The last of this branch of the Boilings in the male line was Wil- 
liam Boiling, to whose memory a monument was erected in the 
Bradford Parish Church. He was living at Chellow in 1698, but 
appears to have removed to a little farmstead called the "Temple", 
at the top of Crow Tree Lane, Manningham, which was also his 
property, leaving Chellow Grange to his son John. William Boiling 
married in 1688, Mary Lister, of Frizinghall, and died in 1730, 
leaving a brother Edward and a sister Mary. His own son, John, 
died in 1729, a year before his father. He rebuilt the old house at 
Chellow, and inserted on a stone the record — I. B. 1720. Another 
stone contained the initials W. B. and the date 1689." 

It appears from a list made in the time of Henry VHI, that "Dame 
Rosamund Tempest, late Wiffe of Sir Ric. Tempest, Knyght," had 
in her household Edward, and Godfray Bollyng, who came both 
equipped with "horse and harnes" (armor) 

Dame Rosamund's relations with her half-brother Edward Boi- 
ling, of Chellow, are somewhat ob'scure. From a deed pole dated one 
year after the death of her husband, Rosamund makes over to him 
property in Wilsden, as follows. 
"31 Henry VJll, June 20 

Rosamund Tempest, relict of Sir Rich. Tempest, Kt. gives to 
Edward Bollyng, of Chellowe, one messuage, with buildings and 
appurtenances, in Wylsden; and lands &c, called Wytham, in the 
township of Allerton, abutting on the Hardyng Becke or Hardes 
Broke on the South and North, on Cottingley Park on the east, and 


on the high road from Bradford to Keighley on the west. To pay 
one red rose in the time of roses should it be demanded. 

Witness — Thos Bollynge, 

Randolph Wilmait, 
Laurence Rotds" 

This property was afterwards confirmed to Tristram, son of Edward 

One member of the Boiling family mentioned by Cudworth may be 
noted. On November 12, 1494, William Boiling one of the Barons 
of the Exchequer granted to Sir Richard Tempest, the remainder 
of a lease of the corn and fulling mills at Bradford. 

Boiling Hall is the most interesting relic of a past age in the 
immediate vicinity of Bradford. Dr. Whitaker thus describes it. 
"The Hall is a large majestic looking building with a centre and 
two deep wings to the North, and has been built at different periods. 
The South front opening to the garden is terminated by two square 
towers of considerable but uncertain antiquity. The rest, I think, 
may be safely assigned to the Tempests, in the reign of Elizabeth. 
Within the towers are two deeply emb windows, and between them 
the hall, which has one vast window of many square headed lights. 
It is about thirty feet long and has a plain plaster ceiling which 
probably covers a fine oaken roof." Ascending the oak stair case, 
admission is gained to the "Ghost Chamber" which occupies the 
Western bay, and here, it is said, the redoubtable ghost appeared 
which struck terror into the heart of the Earl of New Castle the 
royalist commander during the siege of Bradford and caused him to 
forego his intention of putting the town to the sack. * * * The 
chief feature of interest in the room, however, is the mantle piece, 
which is of carved oak reaching to the full height of the room. It 
is supported by two fluted columns, which support a canopy orna- 
mented with oak & vine leaves, and contains two portraits painted 
on panels, said to be those of Lady Rosamond the last of the 
Boilings of Boiling and her husband Sir Richard Tempest. In 
the work which has been quoted at such length are views of Boiling 
Hall and of the mantelpiece and portraits. 

Mr. Cudworth speaks of the Virginia Boilings, who descend from 
a branch of the family, which had settled in London, as being now 
the representatives of the ancient family of Boiling, of Boiling Hall. 

The "Visitation of London," 1633-34, contains the following pedi- 
gree of Boiling. 


Tristram BoUyng of Bradford in Com. Yorke 


Edward Bollyng of Bradford in=Magdelene da. of Gabriell Greene 
Com. Yorke, sonne and heir ( in Horsforth Com, Yorke 

I — ' 

Robert Bollyng of London, Sadler^ Anne da. Tho. Clarke of 
and Silk Throwster, now living 1633 I London 

i i'" 1 \ 

2. Edward 1 John Bollyng eldest sonne 3. Thomas Annis 
The arms which accompany the pedigree are the same of those of 
the Virginia Boilings. 

Following is a copy of the will of the Robert Boiling, of London, 
who was living in 1633 and signed the pedigree. We are indebted 
to Mr. Lothrop Withington for the copy. There can be no doubt that 
Robert Boiling, the emigrant to Virginia was a son of John Boiling, 
"eldest Sonne." An examination of the registers of All Hallows Bark- 
ing would doubtless confirm this. And a thorough examination of 
Yorkshire records might furnish proof as to the exact place in the 
pedigree of the Boilings of Boiling Hall, of the Tristram Boiling of 
the visitation pedigree. 

In the name of God Amen, the Fift day of September Anno 
Domini One thousand six hundred thirtie nyne and in the Fif- 
teenth yeare of the raigne of our soveraigne Lord Charles by the 
grace of Gode Kinge of England Scotlande France and Ireland de- 
fender of the Faith I Robert Bowlinge of the parish of Alhallowes 
Barking Cittizen and Throwster of London, being att the present 
sicke and weake in body, but of good and perfect minde and mem- 
orie praised bee Allmightie God therefore Doe make and declare 
this my present Testament conteyning therein my last will in 
manner and forme following (that is to say) First and princi- 
pally I recommend my soule into the handes of Almightie God my 
mercifuU Father and Jesus Christ his onely sonne my blessed Sa- 
viour and Mediator by whose pretious death, merittes and inter- 
cession alone I trust and firmely beleeve to receave a full and free 
pardon and forgivenes of all my sinnes, and life everlasting, my 
body I comitt to the earth from whence it came, to be buried in 
desent and christian manner In the parish Church of Allhallows 
aforesaid. And my will and minde is that all such debts I shall 
owe att the tyme of my death to any person or persons whatsoever 
whether of right or conscience shalbe iustlie and truelle paid by 
my Executrix hereafter named with the most convenient speede 
that may bee And after my Debts and funerall charges paid and 
deducted That small estate that the lorde in mercle hath lent ynto 
me. I doe devide order and dispose according to the ancient and 
laudable Custome of the said Cittie of London whereof I am a 


Freeman Into three iust and equall partes whereof one full thirde 
parte I give leave and bequeath vnto my deare and loveing wife 
Anne Bowling as of right and according to the saide Custome 
belonging to her; one other thirde parte thereof I leave and be- 
queath vnto and amongst my children John, Edward, Thomas, and 
Anne Bowlinge, to be equallie and indiiferentlie parted and devided 
amongst them. The other thirde parte commonlie called and by 
the said custome reputed the testators parte I doe give, bequeath, 
order and dispose in manner and forme following (that is to say) 
First I will and devise that my said wife Anne Bowlinge shall 
have and enioy to her owne proper vse forever Twoe of my five 
throwing milles wth all instrumentes and implemtes therevnto 
respectively belonging And allsoe the other three Milles during 
the tyme that my said sonn Edward shall have to serve mee by 
his Indentures of Apprenticehood And the said three Milles with 
all ymplementes tooles and appurten'nces to them respectively be- 
longing I doe give and bequeath vnto the said Edward Bowling 
willing my said wife to deliver the same unto him att the end of 
the said apprenticehood. Item I give and bequeath vnto the said 
Edward as a special legacie in regarde to his paines and indistrie 
in my affaires the some of Fiftie poundes of lawfull money of 
England. Item I give and bequeath vnto my eldest sonne John 
Bowling and vnto my sonne Thomas Bowling Five and Twentie 
pounds apeece of like money. Item I give and bequeath vnto my 
loving daughter Anne Bowling the some of one Hundred pounds 
of like money Item I give and bequeath vnto my sister Beatrix 
Creswell Five poundes and vnto her husband Thomas Creswell 
Fortie shillinges as legacies in remembrances of me. Item I give 
and bequeath vnto the poore people of the said parish of Allhallows 
Barking Fortie shillinges Item I give and bequeath vnto either of 
my freinds and kynsmen Charles Harris and John Lee, and to my 
good freinds Mr. William Hart, Throwster, and Mris Elizabeth 
Pollarde, to every of them Twentie shillings apeece remembrance 
of mee. The rest and residue of all and singular my goods, chat- 
tels, household stuffe, plate, debts, rights, and creditts whatsoever 
and wheresoever (after my said debts, funerall charges and lega- 
cies paid and deducted) I doe give and bequeath vnto my said 
loveing and carefull wife Ann Bowling whome I make, appointe, 
and declare the full and sole Executrix of this my present testa- 
ment and last will And I doe nominate appointe and allsoe intreate 
my said good freinds Charles Harris and John Lee to be Over- 
seers and assistantes vnto my said Executrix in the due perform- 
ance of my present testament and last will And I doe hereby vtter- 
lee revoke renounce and make voide all former wills legacies and 


bequests at any tyme heretofore be me made and bequeathed. And 
doe hereby pronounce and dlecare this my present to be my last 
will and none other nor otherwise. In witness whereof to this my 
present testament consisting of three sheetes of paper, the twoe 
former subscribed with my hands. And to this third I have sett 
my hand and scale Dated the day, and yeare first wthn written 
per me Robert Boiling, Read, signed, sealed, published and de- 
clared by the saide Robert Bowling to be his last will and testa- 
ment in the pn'nce of Abell Lucoum, Gregorie Smith, and Ch'r 
Townsend, Scr. Proved before the Venerable William Sames, L.L.D. 
surrogate for Sir Henry Marten, LL.D. the master Keeper or Com- 
missary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 13 November 1639 
by the oath of Anne Bowling, relict of the defunct and executrix. 
190 Harvey. 

(To be Continued) 


(Compiled by the late John S. Carpenter, Louisville Ky) 


6. Colonel Robert Slaughter'' (Robert* Francis'-' John') born in 
fissex County about the year 1702. Died in Culpeper in 1768. He 
was commissioned Captain of Militia on Sept. 2, 1729, later Col. of 
Militia. In 1758 an act was passed (Hening's Statutes) authorizing 
payment of L-218 to Col. Robert Slaughter for services of himself 
and forty men, sent by order of the Council to garrison Patterson 
Fort. He was Vestryman of St. Mark's Parish 1731; Church Warden; 
Member of the House of Burgesses 1742; Presiding Justice for 
Orange County 1745. His name is included in a list of Virginia 
Gentlemen, who between 1739 and 1750, imported English blooded 
horses, and who were interested in the turf. He married about 
1723, Mary Smith, daughter of Augustine Smith of Essex County. 





15. V. JAMES. 



VIII. Elizabeth Lightfoot. 


IX. MARTHA, married first Major Gabriel Jones of the Revolu- 
tionary Army by whom she had issue, Robert, Gabriel, Frances 
and Mary. Martha Slaughter married second Major Wm. Broadus of 
the Revolutionary Army, by whom she had a daughter Harriet. 
This Harriet married Wm. Mills Thompson and was the mother of 
Hon. Richard W. Thompson, a member of congress from Indiana 
and Secretary of the Navy in the Cabinet of President Hayes. 

7. Col. Thomas Slaughter' (Robert' Francis'-* John") settled in 
Caroline County, Va. He was Colonel of Militia. He married Sarah 
Thornton, daughter of Francis and sister of Reuben Thornton by 
whom he had Issue: 

I. SALLY, who married her cousin Governor Gabriel Slaughter 
of Kentucky, 

II. LUCY Thornton, who married her cousin Jesse Slaughter 
brother of Gabriel Slaughter. 

III. FRANCES, who married Charles Yancy. 

8. Col . Francis Slaughter' (Francis' Robert* Francis*-' John*) 
was born In 1730. He was Colonel of Militia and served as an officer 
in the Revolutionary Army. He married Sarah, daughter of Robert 
Coleman of Culpeper, upon whose land the town of Culpeper was 
built. He and many others of his family received extensive grants 
of land in Kentucky, in consideration of their military services, and 
after the war he removed to what is now Hardin County in that 
State. He died in Elizabethtown in 1805. 

There is of record in Nelson County, Ky. a power of attorney 
executed by Francis Slaughter and dated July 12, 1791 appointing 
Francis R. and Thomas G. Slaughter his lawful attorneys to act 
in grantors name, jointly and separately, to settle all business and 
accounts of whatsoever nature, with Francis Slaughter and Robert 
Coleman, grantors present attorneys in Culpeper; also to sue for 
recovery and receive any bonds, notes or open accounts due grantor 
and to give receipts for the same. There is also of record in Hardin 
County a deed signed by this Francis Slaughter transferring to his 
Bon-in-law James Crutcher, certain lands in Caroline County, Va., 
which the grantor inherited as heir at law to his father Francis 
Slaughter. It is recited in this deed that the property described 
therein descended to the grantor as follows: first from Cadwalader 
Jones to his daughter Frances Anne who married Robert Slaughter; 
second from Robert and Frances Ann Slaughter to their oldest 
son and heir at law Francis Slaughter; and from this Francis to 
the grantor. Issue: 

18. I. THOMAS Coleman. 

19. II. ROBERT Coleman. 



IV. FRANCES. She married In 1796 Samuel Ball Hackley. 


VI. GILLY. She married James Crutcher of Elizabethtown, Ky. 

9. Col. John Slaughter* (Francis' Robert* Francis'-' John') was 
born 1732. He was Colonel of Militia and in the Revolutionary 
Army, he and his three sons Lieutenants Robert, John and William 
Slaughter, having all been in the army at the same time. He 
married, first Mildred Coleman, a sifter of his brother Francis wife. 
She was born on March 6, 1736 and died May 1, 1758. The issue 
of this marriage were: 

I._ANN, born 1754. She married first James Stubblefield, son of 
Captain Thomas and Eleanour Stubblefield. He died in 1777 and 
his widow married second Major Gabriel Long of the Revolutionary 

II. CADWALADER Slaughter, born Dec. 18, 1756. 

III. ROBERT Slaughter born April 16, 1758. 

Col. John Slaughter married second on Dec. 22, 1758 Elizabeth 
Suggett, by whom he had issue. 

IV. JOHN Suggett, born Nov. 2, 1759. 

V. WILLIAM born April 19, 1761. 

VI. LUCIEN born Mar. 7, 1763. 

VII. FRANCIS Lightfoot born May 22, 1765. He died in Law- 
renceburg, Ky. about 1833. 

VIII. ELIZABETH born June 1, 1767. 

10. Cadwalader" (Francis" Robert* Francis'-' John') was born about 
1735. He married first Miss Margaret Ransdell of Fauquier County 
Va.; secondly on Dec. 26, 1790, Lucy, daughter of Francis Slaughter 
of Jefferson County, Ky. He died in 1798, his will having been proved 
in Louisville in that year. Issue by first wife: 

I.MARGARET. She married Charles Morehead: Issue. 

a. Mary, married Wm. Murrell, Bowling Green, Kentucky. 

b. Harriet, married Dr. John M. Briggs, Bowling Green, Ky. 

c. Elvira married 1st. Mr. Combs, Bowling Green. 
2nd. Judge H. Thomas, Bowling Green, Ky. 

d. Margaret married Rev. Wm. Warder. 

E. Matilda married Horatio G. Wintersmith of Elizabethtown. 

f. Fanny married Dr. David Caldwell, Logan, Co. 

g. Elizabeth married Richard Curd, Bowling Green, Ky. 

h. Charles Slaughter. He married Miss Levy of Woodford County, 
and after her death he married her sister. 

Charles Slaughter Morehead was a scholarly lawyer, for some 
years a distinguished member of Congress from Ashland district 
and afterwards Governor of the State. His cousin James Turner 


Morehead was a member of Congress, U. S. Senator and Governor. 
Charles Slaughter Morehead had one daughter Amanda, who married 
Samuel Walker of Chicago. 

II. MATILDA. Married John Churchill April 18, 1789. Issue: 

a. Cadwalader married Miss Holdener. 

b. Dr. John married Miss Percival. 

c. Armstead married Miss Brown. 

d. Richard married Miss Sarah Brown. 

e. George married Elizabeth Slaughter, daughter of Robert Cole- 
man Slaughter. 

f. Judith married George Hanley. 

III. FRANCIS Ransdell born March 1767. He married in 1795, 
Fanny Latham. Issue: 

a. Elizabeth born 1798, died July 8, 1874. 

b. Calwalader born April 24, 1800 died Sept. 1, 1833. He married 
6n Sept. 26, 1828, Frances Ann Vance of Jefferson County. Their 
only child Elizabeth (born June 1, 1836 died Dec. 26, 1880) married 
Squire Bassett, Postmaster and President of the Fayette National 
Bank, Lexington, Ky. 

c. Philip born Dec. 12, 1808. He married Miss Mary Ann Smith of 
Jefferson County. He died Jan. 6, 1846 leaving one child Fanny 
Lathan Slaughter. 

d. Henry born Feb. 14, 1804 died Feb. 16, 1829 unmarried. 

e. Matilda born July 7, 1812. She married on Feb. 9, 1832 Joseph 
Longest, and died Feb. 14, 1874 leaving children Josephine, Emma, 
Philip, Clayton, Joseph and Henry. 

(To be Continued) 

Bevebley and Po'ndexteb genealogies will be continued in next 




The members of the Society will be pleased to know the Mr. David 
I. Bushnell, Jr. (a life member of the Society, whose address Is 
University, Virginia), is engaged in preparing for the Bureau of 
Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, a work to be entitled "Hand- 
book of Aboriginal Remains East of the Mississippi." The work is 
to include references to all Indian village sites, burial places, 
quarries, etc. 

In order to have Virginia's portion of the work as full and com- 
prehensive as possible, Mr. Bushnell would appreciate any sug- 
gestions to locations, and identification of sites. References to, and 
identification of all sites mentioned on the Smith map of Virginia, 
are especially desired. 

WANTED— The original letter written to SAMUEL McAFFEE 
WHITNY, in 1879, concerning TAYLOR FAMILY. State price. Ad- 
dress Thomas Madison Taylor, 12 West 44th St., New York City, 
New York. 


May 28th, 1913 

An Old Pocket note book came to me from my uncle, the late 
Severn Teackle Wallis, which contains a record of the children of 
my great-great-grand Father, Thomas Teackle, son of John Teackle, 
who was the son of the Reverend Thomas Teackle. 

The old book is seven and one quarter inches long by three and 
one half wide, is covered with yellow vellum, with a curious brass 
clasp, having three holes in which to fasten the catch, as the pocket 
book was full or empty; & is filled with thick paper leaves to 
receive notes. 


The entries made on them is in the hand-writing of my great 
great, Grand-Father, Thomas Teackle, give the following record of 
himself and his children. 

Thomas Teackle, son of John & Susannah Teackle — Born Novem- 
ber 11th 1711 and Marryed to Elizabeth Custis, November 9th 1732. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Custis & Ann born August 27th 

John son of Thomas Teackle & Elizabeth his wife, born February 
11th 1733/4 

Thomas, son of s'd parties born April 11th 1734 

John, son of the s'd parties born October 27th 1736 

Susanna, daughter of the s'd parties born May 5th 1738. 

Ann, daughter of the s'd parties born January 6th 1739/40 about 

The s'd Ann departed this life the 20th day of the same instant. 

Ann, daughter of the s'd parties born January 8th 1740/1 

Elizabeth, daughter of sd parties born Dec. 13th 1742. 

December 25th 1744, — This day at midnight we had a daughter 
born, which lived not above a minute. 

Caleb, son of the aforesaid Parties born January 14th 1745/6 

January 27th 1747/8 Thursday we had a son born which departed 
this life on February 3rd following. 

Margaret, daughter of the afors'd parties born April 9th 1749. 

Leah, daughter of the afores'd parties born November 19th near 
midnight 1751. 

Mason, daughter of the aforesaid parties born January 1st 1754 
and departed this life on the 25th day of February 1754 aged eight 
week wanting one day. 

Severn Teackle, son of the afores'd parties born October 25th 1756. 

Sarah, daughter of the afors'd parties born April 8th 1759 

John Teackle son of the s'd parties departed this life April 30th 

John Teackle, the third son of the above s'd parties departed this 
life February 25tli 1751/2 about nine of the clock at night aged 
15 years & 4 months wanting a day. 

Following this record is entered in a different handwriting: 

Thomas Teackle departed this life 28th July 1769. 

Severn Teackle the youngest son of Thomas Teackle & Elizabeth, 
his wife was my great grand father, and married Lucretia Edmond- 
son. Their daughter Elizabeth Custis Teackle married my grand- 
father Philip Wallis. Their daughter Louise M — James F. Giffen. 
Their daughter Louise Elizabeth Wallis Giffin. 

Severn Teackle' brother, Thomas, my ancestor. 



Information wanted concerning Mrs. Margaret Atkinson Leverett, 
born in Amelia County, Va., in 1769, died in South Carolina in 1848; 
also concerning Stephen Leverett, born in Lunenburg County, Va., in 
1765, died in South Carolina in 1853. Address Mrs. F. W. Mullins, 605 
Hickory Street, Texarkana, Ark. 

Christ's College, Cambridge — Biographical Register — Americar^s. 

Spencer, William — born in Virginia. School: Northill, Beds. Ad- 
mitted pensioner under Dr. Luke, 16. April 1684. Age not given. 
Fellow-Commoner 23. July 1686. 

Resided till Michs. 1687. 

Holt, Arthur — Son of Joseph — Born in Virginia. School: Sedbergh, 
under Mr. Saunders. Adm. first sizar, and then pensioner 8. Dec 1716 
aet. 20. 

LL. B. 1723 Adm. scholar (as of Lancashire) 11. Apr. 1717. At 
Dec. 1718 he appears as Mr. Holt., having apparently become a 
fellow-commoner. Ordained deacon York, 1718 Sept. priest 1719 
Sept. Resided till Mich. 1722. 

Corbin, Garvin — E. S. of Richard, armiger; b. at Laneville, Vir- 
ginia. School: Grinstead, Essex, under Mr. Harris. Admitted pen- 
sioner under Mr. Barker 26. Jan. 1756. Aet. 16. 

Resided till Ladyday 1759. Admitted at Middle Temple 11. Feb. 
1756 as of King's & Queen's County, Virginia. 

Lee, Philip Thomas: — S. Richard: b. in Maryland — School E)ton, 
under Dr. Barnard. Admitted pensioner under Mr. Shepherd 4. 
Jan. 1757, age 19. 

Resided till Mich, (or Xmas) 1759. Admitted at the Middle Temple 
24. Feb. 1756. Second s. of Ri. Lee of Blenheim on the Potomac 
and of Grace Ashton. Married a Miss Russell of England and had 
5 children. He was of the family from which the Confederate 
General R. E. Lee sprang. Died at Blenheim 28. Nov. 1778. (In- 
formation from Secretary of the Maryland Historical Association, 
by R. A. Leigh, Esq.,) 

Nelson, Thomas — S. Wm: b. at York, Virginia. School: Hackney 
under Dr. Newcome. Adm. pensioner under Mr. Porteous 15. May 
1758, age 19. 

Resided till Ladyday 1761: during the last year he pays £1.15.0. 
a quarter for 'two chambers'. 


Dana, Edmund — S. of Richard Arm: b. at Boston, 'New England': 
a master at Cambridge, New England, related to Lord Kinnaird, 
and ordained by Bishop of Lincoln 1769: adm. sizr under Dr. 
Shepherd 29. Nov. 1769, age 32. 

M. A. of Harvard University. Ordained priest Lincoln (lit. 
dim. — at Peterborough, 1769. He pays 3s. Od. but I suppose did 
not reside, till Dec. 1700 (?). Prob. he intended to take the B. D. 
Degree: but he did not do so. 

Lee, George Fairfax — S. George: b. in America: School: Islington 
under Mr. Davis. Adm. pensioner under Dr. Shepherd and Messrs. 
Paley and Law. 6. Oct, 1772. age 19. Resided till Mich. 1773. Perhaps 
akin to Phil. Tho. Lee (1759). 


At the sale in London, by Sotheby, of Phillipps papers, the Library 
of Congress secured, among others, the following: 

Virginia. A Collection of Original Papers relating to the Gov- 
ernment of Virginia, mostly endorsed by William Blathwayt, Com- 
missioner of Trade and Plantations, from whose collection they 
came; bound together in one volume, fol. 1675-1715. They are as 

Col. Carter late Treasurer his Account with ye Assembly of Virginia 
May 11, 1705, with autograph signature of the Clerk of Council 
attached ; 

Account of the Quit Rents for Virginia 1703, being the last acct. 
of Auditor Byrd, with autograph signature of the Clerk of the 
Council attached, 1703, endorsed "Reed, from Ld. Treas. May 1705"; 

An Account of the steps made toward advancing Her Majesty's 
Revenues in Virginia both of the Quit rents and that established 
for the support of the Government; 

Revenue Account of Virginia, 1714-15; 

The Accompts of His Majesty's Revenue of Quit Rents, &c. 1715-17, 
both signed by the Auditors and Col. Spottswood, Lieut. Governor of 

Letter of W. Lowndes from the Treasury to the Lieut. Governor, 

Revenue Accts of two shillings per hogshead arising in the 
Colony, signed by the Lt. Gov. and Auditor; 

Address of the Council and Burgesses of Virginia to the King; 

Reasons on behalf of the Merchants importing tobacco; 

The Affidavit of Dr. Blair, member of the Council, respecting the 


mal-administration of Francis Nicholson, Governour of Virginia, 45 
pp. fol. 

Commission of Lord Culpeper as Gov. of Virginia 1675; 

Rent Roll of the Proprietors of Virginia, 1680-83; 

The original First Draft of Lord Culpeper's Commission under the 
Great Seal; 

Report relating to matters in debate betw. the Commissioners 
of Trade and Ld. Culpeper 1683, endorsed "My Ld. Culpeper coming 
to an agreemt. with the Lds. Commrs. of the Treasy. upon all matters 
in difference between His Majestic and my Ld. this Report was never 

Note of a packet sent to Col. Dongan 1684; 

An Abstract of the Militia within the severall Counties of Vir- 
ginia as they were returned by ye respective Officers 1698; 

Perry's Bond for Mr. Byrd's true accompting of Her Matle. for his 
father's receipts, signed by Perry and witnessed by Blathwayt. 

Virginia. Case of Charles Lewis against Walter King relating 
to Land in Virginia, with the autograph opinion of W. Murray 
thereon 1752; 

Proceedings In the case of E. and J. Hunt and Thos. Newton 
and Jno. Taylor, certified by William Nelson, President of the Coun- 
cil and Commander in Chief in Virginia 1770, also the autograph 
opinion of J. Dunning; 

The Proceedings in Parsons v. Parsons, certified by Francis Fau- 
quinr, Lt. Governor of Virginia 1763; 

Original Letter of the Clerk of the Privy Council June 22, 1772; 

Schedule of Documents; folio. 

[These original papers came from the Office of Joshua 
Sharpe, Solicitor to the Treasury.] 

Virginia. Letters Patent of K. William III and Q. Mary for Set- 
tling a Free School in Virginia, official copy; from the Blathwayt 
and Southwell collection; 20 pp. large folio. 1692-3. 

Virginia. The Original Brief for the Appellant In the Case of 
Walter King versus Charles Lewis and Lewis Burwell relating to 
Lands in Virginia; 

Petition of Carter Braxton and Charles Lewis to his Maty, in 
Council for leave to exhibit a cross Appeal against W. King from 
a Decree of the Court of Chancery in Virginia. 1 vol. folio, 1753. 

[These papers came from the office of Joshua Sharpe, 

Solicitor to the Treasury.] 


I am at present engaged in compiling a complete history of 
the Duff family and am anxious to obtain details of any of that name 
now residing in America with their descents. 

34 Kensington Court Mansions, London W., England. 

I am sending a copy of a letter verbatim from my great-grand- 
father's Bible. He made a trip in 1813 to Louisa County, Va., 
especially (as he says in his Bible) to find out concerning the 
genealogy of his mother's family — she was named Rebecca and 
was the daughter of Charles Hudson and his wife Susan Patrick, 
and is the Charles mentioned in Sarah Thompson's letter as son 
of John Hudson and Elizabeth Harris. Now I am satisfied 
that the Harris Hudson & Patricks who are mentioned 
in Wm. & Mary Quarterly of Hanover Records, July, 1912, 
page 49-53, are the same line — in 1734 John Hudson is dead, &c — but 
you see Charles, according to Sarah Thompson's letter is living in 
Prince Edward in 1776. Can you not now get me record of some 
Revolutionary service, if he settled there in 1776 — he lived either 
in Hanover or Louisa the latter being taken from Hanover. 

MRS. W. T. 

"Memoranda of Mrs. Sarah Thompson age 64 year respecting 
her family: 

"My paternal Grandfather was named John Hudson, he had a 
brother Charles. He was an Englishman and lived and died in 
the County of Hanover State of Virginia. John Hudson married 
Elizabeth Harris and they had the following children: George, 
Christopher, John, William, Charles, David, Cuthbert & Thomas. 
My fathers name was Charles who settled in Prince Edward In the 
year 1776. About the year 1770 I visited my Grand Mother who 
lived about 7 miles from Hanover Town or Page's Ware House 
at it was more commonly called. 

My Uncle George Hudson was then an Inspector of Tobacco at 
that Ware House. He had no son & only 2 daughters viz Elizabeth 
and Polly, the latter married a Mr. Watkins, the former a Mr. 
Clay my grandfather John Hudson had only one brother Charles 
whose family I know nothing of except that a daughter of his 


named Sarah who married a Colonel Richard Holland of Prince 
Edward Co., This great Uncle Charles was a merchant and said to be 
wealthy. My grandfather died suddenly and intestate, by which 
means, my Uncle George being the eldest son, held all the lands 
and there by became much wealthier than the rest of the family 

This must have been written about 1813. 


Apl. 8th. 1781 — Let John Turner have 58 lbs Bacon for the use of 

the Militia at Boydshole & 33 lbs of Pickled Beef, I sent the 5th 

of Jan. to Boydshole for the Militia. 
Apl 7th. 1764— Lent Mr. John Stith 4i^ gals of Rum. 

" Laurence Washington, Jun., 1 gal. do. 
Oct 17th 1780. Capt John Remey 2 bush'l of Wheat 

Lieut W. Robert Washington 1 qt. Rum. 
Mch. 1746 — Letter to Jonathan Froward, Mercht., London. Mentions 

Capt N. Battaile & Mr. John Battaile. 
May 8th. 1747. — Letter in which he mentions his wife, (having just 

married), as daughter of Mr. John Battaile and niece of Capt N. 

Battaile. Letter sent by Capt Montgomery of ship Pretty Benny. 
June 1747 — Letter to London, mentions Col. Francis Thornton, Mr. 

Robt. Ross, Capt H. Fitzhugh. Sent by Capt. Wilcox. Another 

letter of July 20th., mentions, Capt John Grant, Mr. John 

Thornton, brother of Col. Francis; Sydenham & Hodson of 

June 7th. 1748 — Letter to James Buchanan, Merchant in Londoo. 

Mentions receiving goods consigned "to my father." 
Sept 12th 1749 — To same. By Capt. Beddington. Mentions Mr. Wm. 

Booth, Capt. John Simpson & Ship Mary. 
Nov. 20th. 1750— Letter dated at Stafford (now King George) To 

same, via the Mary. Regarding purchase of land from one 

"Withers," in possession of Augustine Washington's heirs. 
1751 — Letter to John Fitzhugh. Signed — "Your Affectionate Kins- 
1750 — Letter to Wm. Boyle, Mer., Glascow. By the Thistle, Capt. 

1756 — Letter to Geo. Wythe, Esq., Atty at Williamsburg. Concerning 
charges against him regarding collection of Militia taxes. 


1756. Letter to Robt. Dlnwiddie, Esq'r. Gov. of Virginia. 
Mentions Col. Francis Thornton. 

1756 — ^To same— Stafford, 20th July, 

May it please your Hon'r. 

Your Honor will receive by Maj'r Richard Hooe an act. of the 
Militia that marched from Stafford County to Winchester, being 
109 exclusive of ofllcers, eight of whom I am informed, are yet with 
Col'o Washington, we marched a greater number from Fallmouth 
but as they deserted from us before we got to Winchester, I have 
taken no notice of them, as I don't imagine they are intitled to 
any pay, but ought rather to be punished to deter others from doing 
so hereafter. If your Hon'r should be of a different opinion they 
may be added to the act as Maj'r Hooe can inform you what 
number of them there were & when they deserted from us, I am, 
May it please your Hon'r 

Your Hon'rs most obed't & obl'y Servant, 

H. F. 

Another on same subject under date of Dec. 18th. 1756. 

1757 — Letter to Capt. Francis Thornton. 

1759-1767 — Sundry accounts with the following Washingtons, viz — 

Robert, Jr., Lundsford, Nathaniel, Samuel and John. 
Sept 1768 — Lawrence Washington, Sr., Dr. To 2 tickets in Byrd 
Lottery @ 51bs each. 

The book contains a number of other letters and accounts in which 
mention is made of well known people of that time. 

W. B. Cridlin. 


Here lyes the Body of 

Catherine Gilchrist 

late the Wife of Robert Gilchrist 

of Port Royal, Merchant. 
She died the 4th of May 1769 

Aged 54 years. 
This Stone is inscribed as a 
Monument to her Memory 
by her disconsolate Husband. 


Here Lyes the Body 
of Robert Gilchrist, Esq. 
of Port Royal, March. 

Died the 16th July 1790 

Aged 69 Years. 
This Stone is Inscribed a 
Monument to his Memory 
By His Executors. 

Beneath this humble stone a Youth doth lie 
Most too Good to live too Young to dye 
Count his few Years how short the scanty Span 
But count his Virtues, and he dy'd a Man. 

Sacred to the Memory of Younger, 
The Son of William & Anne Fox 
of Port Royal, Who was born the 
10th of September 1754 and dyed 
the 25th of May 1763. 

Beneath this stone lies 
Elizabeth Hill 

Wife of 

James Dunlop 

Merchant in Port Royal. 

Who died the 8th of May 1780. 

Aged 31 Years. 

Sally S. Lightfoot 

Wife of 

Philip Lightfoot 

of Port Royal, Va. 

Born 7th. March 1790. 

Died 22nd August 1859. 

Philip Lightfoot 

of Port Royal, "Va. 


September 24th 1784 


July 22nd 1865. 


John Lightfoot, the son of the above Philip and Sally, is buried in 
the Church- Yard of St. Peters Episcopal Church, Port Royal. By 
his side rests the remains of his wife, Hariet, son George, and 
daughter Sally. A son Howard is hurried in Danville (or Lynch- 
burg). They are survived by daughter Mrs. Hariet Broooke, of 
Richmond, and two sons. Wm. L. & John B. 

W. B. Cbidun, 


I am interested in the Slaughter Genealogy which appeared in 
the last number of the "Virginia Magazine," and I take the liberty 
of sending you the following data which may be of interest to you 
in this connection: — 

1. Gabriel Slaughter (afterwards Governor of Kentucky) married 
Sarah Hord. (See a record of this marriage in "Virginia County 
Records" by Crozier Vol ix — page 12). Sarah (Hord) Slaughter 
was daughter of John' (William-, John') of "Shady Grove" Caro- 
line County, Va. John' Hord father of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter 
was Lieutenant 4th Continental Dragoons January 20, 1777 — Heit- 
man's "Register"). There is a deed in Prince William County, Sep- 
27, 1822 from ''John H. Slaughter to Thomas Hord and Robert Hord" 
mentioning land bequeathed to John H. Slaughter by Hawkins Hord 
brother of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter. John H. Slaughter was son 
of Sarah (Hord) Slaughter. (See this deed in Prince William 
County, Book 8 — page 519). 

2. Frances Hord married a Mr. Slaughter, and you will find my 
authority for this statement in the "History of St. Mark's Parish, 
Culpeper" (revised & enlarged edition by Green) Part II, page 50. 
On the same page you will find an abstract of the will of James' 
Hord (Thomas^ John') dated December 14, 1802, father of Frances 
(Hord) Slaughter. H. 

Letter fbom Geneibai, M. R. Patrick U. S. A. to Rev. M. D. Hoge, 

[Masena R. Patrick was born in Jefferson O. N. Y. in 1811, gradu- 
ated at West Point and served with distinction in the Mexican 
War. He resigned from the army in 1850; but entered the United 
States service at the beginning of the Civil War, became brigadier- 
general of volunteers, and was, after Lee's surrender, provost-mar- 
tial general of the Department of Virginia. He resigned in June 
1865. His conduct during the brief but most critical period during 


which he was stationed in Richmond as provost-martial-general, won 
him many friends here. We are indebted to Mr. Charles Pondexter 
for permission to copy the letter, which shows a spirit very un- 
usual at the time] 

Geneva, 15 Feb'y 1866 
Dear Doctor, 

Your very kind & most acceptable letter of 5-9 Dec. reached me 
in due season & I have only delayed acknowledging it, because 
I hoped ere this, the political horizon would be clearer. Still progress 
is made in the right direction, & the spirit so strongly evinced 
by the President, to maintain his integrity, holding firmly his po- 
sition against all the assaults of Radicals, gives assurance to the 
Conservative element in the North, which is becoming stronger 
every day. I have great hope that the reign of the Radicals is 
hear its close & that Peace, such a peace as springs only from the 
principles of the Gospel of Christ, is very soon to be inaugurated 
throughout all our land. 

There appears to be a feeling in all our communities that for a 
few years past in the violence & heat of political & sectional strife, 
the fundamental principles of religion even, have been deserted by 
the entire membership of many of the churches, or by such a ma- 
jority as to make it unsafe for the few not carried away by the 
storm, to express their opinions openly; and that spiritual deso- 
lation has been the legitimate result. Vice, Intemperance, Breach 
of Trust, utter disregard of plighted faith and a general break- 
ing down of all the time-honored safeguards of public morals & 
virtue appear to be the most striking characteristics of the masses 
as viewed from almost any stand-point in the years 1861-£.4 & 65. 

It is only within a few weeks past that I have seen a disposition, 
among the people with whom I am brought in contact to enter upon 
this work of selfexamination, & to take an observation as to our 
present position. In this place, Geneva, with a population of say 
6,000, considerable wealth, refinement, literary taste & social en- 
joyment, without much active business, I was looked upon with 
distrust & aversion by all the citizens, excepting the very few who 
knew me well and had independence enough to think for themselves. 

Circumstances have made it necessary for me to express myself 
decidedly. — At first, & in our religious assemblies there would be 
some rejoinder, showing the animus. 

For weeks, however, all this has ceased and in the gatherings, 
daily, of the active members of all the Evangelical churches, I have 
heard none of the stereotyped, uncharitable allusions, to the South, 
which were but a short time ago, a great staple. 


On the Sabbath evening preceding the week of prayer (7 Jan'y) 
I took the occasion to say, that if we expected God's blessing while 
our hearts were full of hatred and all uncharitableness, we might 
more than doubt the fact of our discipleship. 

You can imagine what I would say under such circumstances 
as a Christian man, to which I added, that my right to speak as 
I did, none could question, for it had been caused by years of toil 
& danger in the service of our whole country. It had more effect 
than I then knew because they had begun to think they might not 
be altogether without sin themselves. 

Since that time we have had a Union meeting for prayer, daily, 
morning & evening — with frequent gatherings in the respective 

Without excitement many converts have been gathered in, mostly 
of the young. The children and youth of the Sabbath Schools have 
shared largely in this precious ingathering. I meet 3 or 4 times in 
the week a band of young disciples, of both sexes, numbering from 
70 to 80 to counsel & instruct them; to teach them how to pray 
and how to work for Christ. What a change in the character of 
my duties — training young recruits for the service of the Prince 
of Peace. Yesterday was observed in our churches as a day of 
fasting, humiliation & prayer for the purification of the church, the 
sanctification of God's people & the conversion of sinners. 

At 4 P. M. I met 164 young converts. It was good to be there, 
and though I cannot but tremble at the responsibilities of the po- 
sition, yet I feel that Providence has placed me there, after having 
given me such training as does not usually fall to the lot of clergy- 
men, to whom such service is usually assigned. God grant that 
the evening of my life may be spent in promoting Peace on Earth 
& Good Will among men — its morning & meridian were certainly 
passed in the turmoil of life — the Battle & the Storm. 

But I find myself running into matters personal — though such 
as interest you. 

You ask if I still fancy at times that I would like to live in the 
South? If I were not almost 55 years of age I should go South 
where I have spent some of the happiest years of my life; but 
with my family in Its present condition, & the South in its present 
condition it would be unwise to make the change. 

Yet I often feel & especially since the receipt of your letter, 
that I would dearly love to spend some weeks in your church, in 
somewhat such manner as I am spending my time here — with little 
other business than what I find in the Vineyard of the Master. I 


trust that the religious interest in your church continues, & increases. 
May the Spirit of the Lord be & abide with you. 

I was glad to notice, not long since, the liberality of a New York 
gentleman to Dr. Read's church, and hope that a sufficient fund 
may be raised for the rebuilding of his church. 

Please remember me to him and to Dr. Moore. I think of many 
others In Richmond with whom my relations, tho' brief, can 
never be forgotten. Perhaps when my affairs are in such con- 
dition that I can leave them, I may revisit Richmond & some 
other places in "Virginia of deep interest to me. You were kind 
enough to allude to the feeling towards me in your city. I do not 
affect to conceal the fact, that the malignity of the Radicals is 
more than counterbalanced by the respect shown to me whenever 
I am known in the South, for I cannot doubt the feeling if ex- 
hibited now when I am not only without power but in Coventry. 

I shall always be glad to hear from you, and to know of the wel- 
fare of your church, as of the church generally in Virginia. I 
note what you say of church matters generally & agree with your 
views as to re-union for the present. 

Commend me to Mrs. Hoge & believe me. 

Sincerely yours, 

M. R. Patrick. 

GooDWTX — Mitchell — Raines, Wanted the parents of Amy Good- 
wyn, born Aug. 31, 1732; died Jan. 14, 1773; married 1st Thomas 
Mitchell, of Sussex Co., Va.; and second Oct. 5, 1762, in Sussex Co., 
John Raines, of Prince George and Sussex Co.'s, Va., born July 5, 
1726; and died after 1780. 

By her first marriage, she was the mother of Henry and Richard 
Mitchell, and perhaps others; by her second marriage, she was 
the mother of Robert, Caldwallader, Thomas and Amy Goodwyn 
Raines, and two other children that died in infancy. 

Amy Goodwyn Raines, was born Jan. 14, 1773 in Virginia, either 
Sussex or Prince George Co.; and died Oct. 7, 1840, in Madison Co., 
Ala., He mother. Amy (Goodwyn) Mitchell Raines, died at her 
birth and she was reared in the home of her mothers brother, a 
Peterson Goodwyn, of Petersburg, Va., from whoes home sha was 
married, on Apr. 6, 1790, to Robert Stewart, who was born in Scot- 
land, April 4, 1756; and died in Madison Co., Ala., Nov. 17, 1840; 
(He married first in Scotland, name of wife unknown, but she was 
a sister of the wife of Thomas Beard, of Petersburg.) The said 
Robert Stewart, was a Tobacconist, and his home in Petersburg, 


was located on High St., About the year 1815, he removed from 
Petersburg to Augusta, Ga., and later from there to Madison Co., 
Ala., (I have a complete line of their descendants.) 

Now the Peterson Goodwyn, with whom Amy Goodwyn Raines, 
made her home, had the following children, Edward, Eppes, Eliza, 
Lucy Ann and Patsy, of these Eliza married Thomas Whitworth, 
These facts I have gained from some old family papers, and from 
the older members of the family, and in every branch of the family 
the tradition is that Amy Goodwyn Raines, was a neice of Peterson 
Goodwyn, and reared as a member of his family. 

The children of Robert Stewart and Amy Goodwyn Raines, were 
Thomas Raines, Harriet, Mary Goodwyn, Peterson Goodwyn, Ellen 
Gordon, Jane Osborn, Emily, and Elizabeth Stewart, only the three 
youngest of these lived to maturity. 

Robert Stewart, had a brother who came to America prior to his 
own coming, this brother was Archibald Stewart, and he located in 
Baltimore, Md., he had among other children, a son James, who in 
1816, visited his uncle Robert Stewart's family at Augusta, Ga., and 
it is said fell in love with his cousin, Jane Osborn Stewart. 

I hope some one can give me the ancestry of Amy Goodwyn, 1732- 
1733, of her first husband Thomas Mitchell, and her second husband 
John Raines, 1726-17 — ; I should also like to know something of 
Archibald Stewart, of Baltimore, Md., and his descendants. 

Stella Pickett Habdt 

Batesville, Ark. 



The Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865. By John H. Russell, Ph.D., 

Baltimore. The Johns Hopkins Press, 1913. 

The art of writing historical monographs has progressed to 
such an extent in recent years that this work will probably not receive 
special notice; though it well deserves something more than the 
customary scant critique given a dissertation for a degree. Few 
more scientific, thoughtful and fair-minded books have ever appeared 
on the subject of slavery. A very wide field of sources has been 
examined and the material so gathered is handled in masterly fashion. 

The work is a study of slavery from another view-point, 
that of the free negro, who occupied a strange and anomalous posi- 
tion in a society which had no place whatever for him. That, not- 
withstanding, the free negro in many instances made a place for 
himself is due in part to the race's remarkable power of adaptibility, 
and partly, also, to the tolerance of the white people, who preferred 
to be inconsistent rather than to enforce the logical laws enacted 
against the free negro as a menace to slavery. 

In his introductory chapter Dr. Russell clinches the theory, 
introduced to students by Dr. Ballagh, of the evolutionary origin 
of slavery in Virginia. There can be no question that slavery in 
English America was a development of indentured servitude. The 
historic blacks, whose names would be immortal if we only knew 
them, brought to Jamestown in 1619, were not sold as slaves for 
life and posterity, but as time-limited servants. Slavery, that is 
perpetual servitude, arose by degrees and through the working of 
the law of natural selection, for the negro is peculiarly — it used to 
be said providentially), fitted for a servile condition. Slavery had 
defeated and almost eliminated indented servitude as a labor system 
before the Revolution. In 1775 there were few indented servants 
and fewer free negroes, for the law forbade manumission and people 
were not bothered much by the rights of man in the Colonial epoch. 

But behold the world-reaching influence of Jean Jacques! The 
Revolution came, and with it, the Declaration of Independence, 
which, contrary to the outworn sneers of Abolitionists, was very 
largely believed to apply to blacks as well as whites. Popular senti- 
ment forced the government to concede to slave owners the privilege 


of freeing their chattels, and between 1782, the date of the manumit- 
ting act, and 1806, the free negro population incerased by leaps and 
bounds. Then, in the latter year, the Legislature, in order to pre- 
serve the seriously-threatened institution of slavery, exiled all slaves 
freed after that date. This act kept manumission within limits, 
but in 1860, 60,000 free negroes lived in Virginia. 

All this Dr. Russell has set forth with learning and skill. He 
has also made many new points which will somewhat change the 
current conception of slavery. In one notable instance he bears 
testimony to the good-heartedness of the Virginia people. It used 
to be the impression, based chiefly on the orthodox theory of the 
negro's total inferiority, that the free negro was the lowest and 
most degraded portion of the human family. If this had been true it 
would have been a sad reflection on the civilizing qualities of the 
Southern people; but Dr. Russell shows conclusively that many 
free negroes were prosperous and respected citizens — that is that 
the dice were not cogged too much against them; they had a chance 
to better themselves, even in a slave-holding community. In doing 
this he incidentally raps Miss Ellen Glasgow, quoting her descrip- 
tion of Free Levi in "The Battle-Ground," 'who shares alike the pity 
of his white neighbors and the withering contempt of his black ones." 
It is pleasant to learn that this conception of the free negro is, in 
considerable part, mistaken, and that many freedmen of antebellum 
days, though in themselves a menace to slavery, found fair treat- 
ment at the hands of slaveowners. 


George Rogers Clark Papeks. 1771-1781. Virginia Series Volume 
III. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, 
Volume VII. Edited with Introduction and Notes by James 
Alton James, Northwestern University. Published by the 
Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield 
Illinois 1912. pp. clxvii, 715, with 5 portraits and index. 
The Illinois State Historical Library is doing a great work 
for the history of the West, and also (as far as the Virginia Series 
is concerned) for the history of Virginia. The Volumes so far pub- 
lished have been models in selection and scholarly editing. In the 
present volume a complete collection has been made, for the first 
time, of the letters and papers of George Rogers Clark and his lieu- 
tenants and correspondents. No account of the time could possibly 
be as graphic as that written from day to day by the men who were 
in the field or who were, with limited resources, supporting the 
movement. No one who is interested in Clark's Campaigns or in the 


American occupation of the West can afford to be without this 
volume. It comes down to November 1781. Documents will be 
completed in another volume. The introduction is probably the best 
short account of the Conquest of the Northwest which has been 

An Address by Henry T. Wickham, Esq., of Virginia. At a special 
Session of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the 
Third Circuit, Held at Philadelphia, Pa., Tuesday, May Sixth, 
1913, on the Occasion of the Presentation on Behalf of the 
Virginia Bar Association of a Portrait of Hon. John Blaib, 
Jb, From 1789 to 1796 A Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, pp. 30, with portrait 
An excellent presentation of all that can now be learned in 

regard to one of our "forgotten worthies" 

The Andersons of Gold Mine, Hanover Co Va. 
Genealogy of the Lomax Family of Virginia. Chicago 1913. 

These are carefully prepared accounts of the families named. 
They are privately printed by the compilers and are intended for 
distribution in the families immediately concerned. Each is a valu- 
able addition to Virginia genealogy. 

The Life and Letters of John Paul Jones. By Mrs. Reginald de 
KovEN. Illustrated. Two Vols. New York, 1913; xvi, 478; 
vii, 513, with index. 

It is a remarkable fact that nobody in the United States knows 
anything about John Paul Jones — that is no one but the authors of 
lives of him. On any other subject, from the Creation to the present 
Mexican troubles, there can be nothing written, which does not call 
forth an endless number of students, experts and critics who learn- 
edly dissect, patronize or refute what has been published. In regard 
to Paul Jones, however, the case is different. The critics are ex- 
ceedingly diffident and do not attempt any show of superior knowl- 
edge, but praise the excellence of the author's work. The fact that 
the reviewers praised Bnells famous work of fiction as they now do 
Mrs de Koven's biography, is nothing against her book, but only an 
evidence of the general ignorance referred to. The writer, like the 
others, cannot pretend to make a critical review; but it always has 
been a source of some little pride to the publishers of this magazine 
that when all the reviews (including the Historical) were praising 
Buell, we (see Vol. VIII, 442, &c.) were not taken in 


Of course, Mrs. de Koven's book is free from the faults of Buell's 
(which she touches in a mild way) and contains a great amount of 
valuable material treated in an attractive way. Whether her 
knowledge of sources and her ability to handle her subject has 
enabled her to write the definitive life of Jones, experts who may 
arise in the future must decide. Certainly her work is of much 

It may be treating the subject from a parochial point of view, but 
Mrs. de Koven makes no reference to the fact that the letter to 
Hewes (I, 102 &c.) was printed in this magazine in July 1905 from 
the original owned by Mrs John G. Wood, of Edenton, N. C; nor 
that in January 1900 we printed from the originals in the Virginia 
State Land OflSce the claim for land bounty made by the heirs of 
Jones in 1838, on the ground that he was a citizen of Virginia. The 
State acted favorably and granted the heirs a large tract of land. 
As neither Virginia nor Fredericksburg appear in the index, per- 
haps we should not be surprised at the other omissions. 

Mrs de Koven may or may not have written a thoroughly 
satisfactory life of Jones. Time will tell. In the meantime it is 
certainly the best we have and like the remains brought from Paris 
will be a "good enough Jones." Let us join the gentleman, who, in 
the New York Times proposed an epitaph for the monument at 

"Blest be the man who spares these stones 
And curst be he who doubts 'tis Jones." 


Titles of Separate Articles are Indicated by Small Cahitals. 

Aberdeen, 199 

Abigail, ship, 92 

Abingdon, 92 

Aboriginal Remains East of the 

Mississippi, Hand Book of 

Notice, 431 
Ackolas, 278 
Adams, ship, 285 
Adams, 55, 215, 216, 279 
Adjutant General, xvii 
Admiral, Lord High etc.. Order 

BY, 1700, 392, et seq. 
Admiralty, Court of, regulations, 

348, 349 
Admiralty, Lords of, to the 

Governor of Virginia, 1700, 

Admiralty, Vice, powers of, 230 
Adventure, ship, 70 
Affame, 374 
Aftane, New, 373 
Agar, 372, 373 
Akehurst, 72 
Alabama, 221 
Albemarle, 9 
Aldersley, 312 
Aldworth, 313 
Alexander, 196, 277 
Alexandria, 212 
Algiers, 258, 387, 388 
AxciiERS AND England, Agree- 
ment AS TO Ships, 1700, 387 

et seq. 
Ali Bashaw, 388 
Alleghanies, 110 
Allen, 201, 202, 218 
Allibone, 211 
Allentown, 188 
Allerton, 311, 312. 385, 423 
Allhallowes Barking, London, 425 
Alison, 297, 299 
Allison, 32, 161, 302, 339, 376, 379, 

Allistead, 293 
Allnutt, 49, 50, 51, 148, 291 
Alverton, 243 
Ambler, 82, 196 
Amhrose, ship, 61 
Amelia Co., 195, 433 
American Army, 188-192 
American Revolution, xvii 
Ames, 421 

Amherst Co., 184, 334 
Anderson, ix, xvii, xviii, 86, 101, 

205, 329 
Andersons of Gold Mine, Va., 

notice, 447 
Anderson, Richard C, notice, 87 
Andrews, vii, 98 
Anthony, 277 
Antrim, xv 
Apochankeno, 137 
Appleby, 199 
Appleby School, Virginians at, 

197 et seq 
Appleyard, 207 
Appomattox River, 195 
Arbuckle, 111, 223 
Archer, 86 
Archie Hope, 53, 402 
Ardmcre, 373 
Argall, 154, 210, 286 
Arksey, 312 
Arlington Hall, 251 
Arlington (Lord), 33-44 
Armistead, 30, 184, 196 
Arms, Coat of, 107 
Arnold, 190, 364 
Arterberry, 257 
Arthur, 290 
Artillery Regiment, a. State 

Line, 341 
Ashland, Ky., 429 
Ashby, 87 


Ashton, 433 

Assembly, General, to the Gov- 
EBNOK, 1698, 76 

Assembly, members of, orders in 
regard to, 117 

Astor, 19 

Atchison, 196 

Auditor, 434 

Auditor Byrd's Account of Im- 
port AND Export Duties, 
1699, 175 et seq. 

Attorney General, 395 

Augusta Co., Va., Abstracts of 
Records of Vol. ii, 1913 Re- 
view, 334 

Augusta County, Pension De- 
claration from, 8 et snq. 

Augusta Militia, 10 et seq. 

Augusta, Ga., 444 

Austen-Leigh, vii, 196 

Avery, 184 

Aylett's Warehouse, 90 

Bacon, 63, 84, 132, 234-240, 361, 

Bacon, Nathaniel, King's Let- 
ter TO THE Duke of York 
IN Regard to, 1676, 235 

Bacon, Nathaniel, King's Let- 
ter TO Lord Baltimore in 
Regard to, 1676, 236 

Bacon's Oath, 240 

Bacon's Rebellion, papers in re- 
gard to, 234 et seq., 359 

Baden-Powell, ix 

Bagge, John, will (1772) with 
note, 374 

Bagge, Leonard, will (1719) with 
note, 373 

Bahama Isl'ds, 74, 264 

Bailey, 201, 277 

Baker, 82, 201, 375 

Balch, vii 

Ball, vii, 30. 197, 250, 252, 293, 
809, 324, 326, 376 

Ball pedigree, additions and cor- 
rections, 326 

Ballagh, 445 

Ballard, 21, 23, 132, 235, 243, 359 

Ballard, Col. Thomas, warrants 
from, 235 

Ballard College, Oxford, Virginia, 
at, 197 et seq. 

Baltimore, 96, 97, 212, 236, 237, 

324, 444 
Baltimore (Lord), 122, 357 
Bancke, 284, 312 
Banks, 66 

Baptist Church, 103 
Barbados, 264, 417, 418, 419, 420 
Barber, 222 
Barclay, 373 
Bargrave, 139, 140 
Barham, 153 
Bar Iron, 91 
Barker, 291 
Barkley, 81 
Barnaby, ship, 324 
Barnard, 433 
Barnard's Inn, 322 
Barnett, 310 
Barrett, 85, 184 
Barry, 62, 152, 284 
Bascombes, 315 
Baskerville, vii, 86, 222 
Baskerville and Some Allied 
Families. By P. H. Basker- 
ville. Review, 222 
Bass, 53, 149, 288 
Basse, 52, 285 
Basse, Nathaniel, notice, 52 
Basset, 3, 277, 430 
Bate, 285 

Batesville, Ark., 444 
Bathurst, 154, 221 
Battaile, 437 
Battle Ground, the, 446 
Barwick, 57 
Bayles, 277 
Baylie, 62 
Baylor, 189, 193-197 
Bayxor, Col. to John Back- 
house, 1761, 93, 1764, 91 
Bayix)R, Col. to Samuel Water- 
man, 1765, 92 
Baylor, John, Jr., to John Bay- 
lor, 1770, 94 
Baylor. John, to John Norton, 

1765, 93 
Bayixjr Letters, 89 et seq., 193 

et seq. 
Baylor. Mrs. Frances, to John 

Baylor, 1770, 90 
Bayly, 149 
Baynam, 148 

Beads (for Indian trade), 46 
Beale, 252, 310 


Beard, 443 
Bear Skins, 47 
Beastone, 144 
Beaver Dams, 375 
Beckett, 213 
Bedall. 322 
Beddington, 437 
"Bedford," 217, 437 
Bedfordshire, 433 
Beds, 218 
Beech, 283 
Beer, 373 
Beirne, 315 
Belfast, 322 
Belfield, 221 
Bell, ix, 8-13, 17, 202 
"Belle Grove," 421 
Bellomont, 182, 267 
Belnard, 193 
Belvoir Castle, 200 
Bennett, 35, 62, 63, 285 
Benson, 372 

Berkeley, 35-44, 122-136, 232 et 

seq., 243, 246, 283, 359, 360, 

362. 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 

369, 371 

Berkeley, Governor, Charter of 

1666, 36, 37 
Berkeley, Go\'ebnor, to Lord Ar- 
lington, 1667, 43 et seq. 
Berkeley, Go\'ernok, to the 
Commissioners for Virginia, 
1677, 370 
Bericeley, Gom^rnor, to the Cojr- 
missioners fob va., 1677, 246 
Berkeley, Governor, to Col. 

MORYSON, 1677, 239, 371 
Berkeley Hundred, 136, 281 
Berkeley Hundred, settlers at, 

Berkeley, Lady, to Col. Moryson, 

1677, 361 
Berkeley, Ms., 200 
Bermond Sea, 63 
Bermudas, 81, 199, 208, 264 

Deed for, 1612, 81 
Bernard, 277 

Berry, 238, 289. 363, 364. 365, 367 
BicRRY, Sir John, to Sir John 

Werden, 1677, 238 
Berwick, 259 
Best, 53, 148 

Beverley, 3, 82, 97-102. 196, 212- 
214. 242, 243, 305-306, 421 

Beverley Family, the, 97 et seq., 

212 et seq., 305 et seq. 
Beverley, notice, 430 
Beverley, Robert, to William Bev- 
erley, 1791, 99 et seq., 1794, 

100 et seq. 
Be\'erley, Robert, to Thos. Lud- 

WELL and Daniel Parke, 

1677, 365 
Beverley, Robert, to Bishop Pob- 

teus, 1784, 98 et seq. 
Bibb, 201, 202 
Biddle, 316 
Biggs, 145 
Billeman, 277 
Bills of Exchange, 245 
Binck, 281 
Bird, 202. 391 
Bishop of Chester and London, 

Blackburn, 211 
Black Walnut Run, 309 
Blakey, 277 
Blakiston. 267 
Blair, 3, 68, 69, 75 196, 197, 318, 

396, 434 
Blair, Commissary, J.\mes, Ordeb 

AS TO Salary, 1698, 68 
Blair, Dr. James, Appointed to 

Council, 1700, 395 
Blair, Hon. John, Address by 

H. T. WicKHAM, ON Notice, 

Blanchard, 316 
Bland, 35, 126, 127, 128, 129, 131, 

132, 133, 134. 196 
Bland. Giles, Case of, 1676, 126- 

"Blandfield," Essex, 82, 97-102, 

213, 305 
Blany, 51, 52, 137 
Blathwayt. 176, 183, 256, 434 
Blayny, 292 
Bledsoe, 277 
"Blenheim," xi, 433 
Blize, 279 
Bluford, 21, 22 
Blunt Pt., 64 
Board of Trade and Plantations, 

Board of TR.\nE to the Gom.r- 
NOR of Virginia. June 28, 

1699, 172; November 30, 

1699, 178 



Bobby, Thomas, Petition, 368 
Boiling. 197, 211, 222, 277, 286, 

310, 374, 359 
BoLLiNG Hall, Yoekshire, Eng- 
land, 311, 422 et seg. 
Description of, 424 
Illustration of, 310-A 
BoLLiNG OF Yorkshire and Lon- 
don, 310 et seq., 422 et seq. 
Boiling, Robert, will (1639), 425 
Boiling, Tristram, will (1502), 

422, 423 
Bolton, 148, 310 
Bonaparte, 315 
Bona Nova, ship, 55 
Bond, vii, 193 
Bonnontown, 187 
Booth, 234, 308, 339, 359 
Booker, 25, 201, 202 
Books, 14, 23, 107, 376 
Book Reviews: 

Andersons of Gold Mine, Va., 

Baskerville and Some Allied 
Families. By P. H. Basker- 
ville, 222 
Blair, Hon. John, Address by 

H. T. Wickham, 447 
Broun, Dr. W. L., Life of, 221 
Burgesses, House of. Journals 

1702-1712, 224 
Carlyle Family and House, by 

R. H. Spencer, 335 
Carter, Captain Thomas, * * * 
Lancaster, Va., Descendants 
of. 111 
Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish 
Settlement in Virginia (Ab- 
stracts of Augusta County 
Records), 334 
Free Negro in Virginia, by J. 

H. Russell, 445 
George Rogers Clark Papers, 
1771-1784, Illinois State His- 
torical Library 1912, 446 
Hampden-Sidney College, Dis- 
cussions on, by H. B. Grigsby, 
Henry, Patrick, Portraits of, by 

C. H. Hart, 335 
Highland County, Va., History 

of. 110 
Jones, John Paul, Life and 
Letters of, by Mrs. de Koven, 

Jones, Capt. Roger, and Some 

of His Descendants. New 

Edition, by L. H. Jones, 221 

John Marshall. An Address by 

Mary Newton Stanard on, 


Literary Influences in Colonial 

Newspapers, 1704-1750, by 

Elizabeth C. Cooke, 335 

Lomax Family of Virginia, 447 

McCues of the Old Dominion, 

by J. N. McCue, 223 
McDonalds of Glengarry in Vir- 
ginia, by Mrs. F. M. "Wil- 
liams, 222 
Richmond, Her Past and Pres- 
ent, by W. A. Christian, 220 
Rockingham Co., History of, by 

J. W. Wayland, 220 
Upper Ohio, 1777-78, Frontier 

Defense on, 110 
Virginia and the Independence 
of Texas, by J. E. Winston, 
Welsh Settlement of Pa., by C. 
H. Browning, 223 

Bordeaux, France, 305 

Boston, Mass., 419, 434 

Boswell, 162, 206, 298 

Botanical Dissertations by Vir- 
ginians, 323 

Botany in Virginia and the 
South, 323 

Boundbrook, N. J., 190 

Boucheur, 48 

Boush, 197 

Bowling, 310, 313 

Bowling Green, Ky., 429 

Bowman, 343, 344 

Bowen, 155 

Bower, 312 

Bown, 162, 300 

Boyd, 100 

Boyds Hole, 437 

Boykin, 206 

Boyle, 373, 437 

Boyse, 137, 139, 375 

Brabant, 417 

Bracewell, 422 

Braddock, 335 

Bradford, 810, 312, 313 

Bradford Bank, 312 

Brafford, 19 

Bradford, Yorkshire, 422 et seq. 

Bradshaw, 98, 305 


Brakenridge, 303 
Brandywine, 15, 17 
Brasenose (College, Oxford, Vir- 
ginian at, 199 
Braxton, 435 
Breeden, xv 
Bremo, 184 
Brent, 26, 96, 97, 299, 319, 340, 

376, 381 
Bbent Family, 96 et seq. 
Brent, Robe^bt James, portrait, 

Briggs, 429 
Brick Cliurch, 207 
Bridges, 132 

Bridgetown, Barbados, 420 
Bridge Water, 261, 394 
Bringier, 97 
Briscoe, 277, 279 
Bristol, England, 198, 237, 253, 

Bristowe, 313 
Broadus, 378, 428 
Brockenbrough, 315 
Broadley, 313 
Broadnax, ix, 84 
Brooke, 197, 204, 394 
Bboun, Db. Wm. Le Roy, Life 

277, 305, 322, 381, 430 
Brown, Dr. Wm. Le Roy, Life 

OF. Review, 221 
Browning, 221, 223, 324 
Bruce, vii, 318 
Brunskill, 197 
Brunsvi'ick, 187 

Bryan, vii, xviii, 149, 150, 421 
Bryant, 277 
Bruce, vii 
Buchan, 204 
Buchanan, 20, 437 
Buck, 137 

Buck, Mara. Notices of, 49 et seq. 
"Buckingham Home," 204 
Buckner, 87, 184, 315 
Bullen, 57, 287 
Bum, 292 
Buller, 57 
Bulloch, vii 
Bullman, 144 
Bunker Hill, 98 
Burchell, 261, 394 
Burchett, 258 
Burgesses, 48. 52, 63, 76, 77, 130, 

224, 277 

Burgesses, House of, to the 
King, 1698, 76 

Burgesses, House of, Journals 
1702-1712. Va. State Libba- 
by. Review, 224 

Burgoyne, 10, 338 

Burnley, 15-17 

Burrows, 49 

Burte, 286 

Burton, 89, 217, 257 

Bush, 151 

Bushnell, 431 

Burwell, 94, 197, 204, 435 

Butter, 307, 374 

Byancks, 140 

Bybby, 278, 292 

Byrd, 3, 67, 84, 154, 175, 177, 197, 
211, 213, 249, 373, 396, 434, 

Bybd, Wm., to the Govebnoe, 
1698, 67 

Byrkenshaw, 312 

Cabell, 24, 26, 184, 296, vii 

Cacayett, 293 et seq. 

Caius College, Cambridge, Vir- 
ginians at, 197 et seq. 

Caius College, 90, 193, 197 

Caldwell, 429 

Cale, 125 

California, 421 

Calvert Co., 326 

Calverley, 422 

Calmes, 189 

Cambridge, 90, 193, 196, 197, 198, 
199, 205 

Cambridge University, Vir- 
ginians at, 196 et seq. 

Cambridge University, 212 

Cambridge, Mass, 434 

Camden, 18, 341 

Campbell, 197, 223, 249, 294, 372 

Canada, 58, 65 

Candell, 158 

Canning, 315 

Cantain, 68, 69 

Canterbury School, Virginians at, 
197 et seq. 

Canoes, 46 

Capes, 393 

Cape Merchant, 148 

Capper, 252 

Caple Street Meeting, 249. 372 


Carlyle Family and Descend- 
ants OF John and Sabah 
(Fairfax) Carlyle. The 
Cajilyle House and Its As- 
sociations, by R. H. Spencer, 
Richmond, Va. Review, 335 

Caroline Co., 90, 107, 197, 204, 
213, 249, 309, 373, 428, xiii 

Carolina, 264 

Carpenter, 306, 427 

Carrington, 202, 203, 314 

Carter, 3, 76, 77, 82, 89, 111-112, 
137, 161, 171, 181, 197, 201, 
211, 221, 250, 278, 279, 306, 
318, 421, 434 

Carter, Robert, Commissioner as 
Councillor, 1699, 180 

Caster, Captain Thomas, of 
"Barford," Lancaster Co., 
Va.. Descendants of, 1652- 
1912. By J. L. Miller. Re- 
view, 111 

Carteret, 3 

Cartmell, 343 

Cary, 32, 74, 159, 197, 208, 298, 
301, 371, 382 

Cason, 277 

Catesby, 221 

Cathcart, 187 

Catlett, 189, 307, 308, 321 

Cattle, 14, 52, 54, 64, 91, 218, 313, 
327, 399, 400, 401, 404 

Causey, 142 

Causey, Nathaniel, note on, 282 

Cavalry, 189, 341 

Cavalry Regiment, Va. State 
Line, 341 

Cawsons, 281 

Cayton, 278 

Cecil, 283 

Cedar River, 375 

Cecere, 316 

Chalkley, 8-24, 334 

Chamberlyn, 81 

Chambers, 201 

Chambley, 53 

Chambly, 145 

Champe, 109 

Chaplain, Isaac, not on, 138 

Chaplin, 138, 282 

Chapoke's Creek, 284 

CharitTf, ship, 53 

Charles City Co., 83, 84, 199, 211, 

Charles City County, Notes 
FROM Records of, 83 et seq. 

Charles I, King, 370 

Charles Co., Md., 96 

Charloville, 344 

Charlott, 375 

Charleston, 13, 22 

Charlestown, 195 

Chenlytown, 195 

Chealnell, 285 

Cheesman, John, note on, 63 

Chellow, England, 422 et seq. 

Cherokee Towns, 10 

Cheshire, 222 

Chester, 370 

Chesterfield Co., 95, 197, 199 

Chew, 48, 145, 286 

Chewning, 278 

Chicago, 211, 430 

Chicheley, 129, 130 

Chichester, 306 

Chichester, Richard, will (1746) 
with note, 250 

Chichester Family of England 
and Virginia, 251, 252 

Ohickahominy, 211 

Chilcombs, 253 

Chilton, 96 

Chinaware, 23 

Chinn, 252 

Chippoaks Creek, 55 

Chocolate, 156 

Christ's College, Cambridge, Vir- 
ginians at, 197 et seq., 433 

Christ Church, Barbados, 199, 
417, 418, 420 

Christ Church, Oxford, Virgin- 
ians at, 197 et seq. 

Christian, 10, 220 

Christian Servants, 127, 229 

Churches, 57 

Church of England, 349 

Church in Isle of Weight Co., 
1654, 207 

Church in Virginia, 1666, 37 

Churchill, 261, 394, 430 

City Point, 218, 219 

Civil War, 88 

Clark, 277, 326 

Claiborne, 376 

CLAinoRNE, William, 1\Iemor.\n- 


of, 1677, 247 


Claiborne, William, Represen- 
tation OF Colony and As- 
sembly OF Virginia in Be- 
half OF. 247 
Clapham. 324, 325 
Clapham Pt., 326 
Claphamson, 234 
Clark, 25, 277, 303, 326, 327, 338, 

342, 344, 383, xviii 
Clark, George Rogers, Papers, 
1771-1781. Illinois State 
Historical Library, 1913. 
Review, 446 
Clarke, 57, 91, 201, 202, 305, 386, 

Clarksone, 65 
Chattahenny, 374 
Clay, 436 

Clayton, 95, 197, 313, 422, 423 
Clerk of the Council, Commis- 
sion AND Oath, 1698, 79, 80 
Clerk of General Assembly, 
Commission of, 1698, and 
Oath, 78, 79 
Clerkstown, 374 
Clement, 144 
Cleopatre, 210 
"Cleve," 197 
Cleveland, 97 
Cleybourne, 60 
Clifden, Viscount, 373 
Clifford, 311 
Clinton, 188 
Clocks, 250 
Clough, 243 
Clover, 92 

"Cloverland," 212, 421 
Cloverton, 400 
Cluch, 64 

Coal Pitt, Yorkshire, 422 
Coan, 326 

Coats of Arms, 111 
Cobbs, 191 

Cocke, 84, 108, 184, 221, 339, 359 
Cockram, 277 
Codnor Castle, 200 
Coker, 62 
Cole, 85, 387, 388 
Coles. 203, 314 
Coles, Isaac, Family of, 203 et 

Coleman, 89, 195, 222, 428, 429 
Collkctor. Oath of, 166 
Colley, 277 
Colonial Dames, 209 

Colonial Newspapers, 1704-1750, 
Literary Influences in. By 
Elizabeth C. Cooke. New 
York, 1912. Review, 335 
Comb's, 429 
Commach, 215 

Commission and Instructions to 
the Earl of Orkney as Gov- 
ernor OF Virginia, 1 et seq., 
113 et seq., 225 et seq., 347 et 
Commission of the Clerk of the 

Council, 79, 80 
Commissions of Mark, &c, 352 
Compton, 277 
Confederate Army, 96 
Connecticut, 264 
Connolly, 373 

Conquest of the Country North- 
west of the Ohio (English), 
Conset, 243 

Constitutional Convention, 97 
Convention Guards Regiment, 

Va., Revolution, 345 
Conway, 107, 125, 277 
Cook, 207, 280, 335, 336 
Cooke, 53, 64, 151, 364, 374 
Cooke, of Stafford Co., Note on, 

Cooke, John, will (1713), 374 
Cooke, John, will (1713), 374 

note, 375 
Cooke, T-homas, will (1750), 375 
Cooper, 55, 56, 62, 63, 278 
Cooper, Justinian, note on, 63 
Copper Cooler, 413 

Corbin, 35-65, 197, 204, 205, 214, 
Corbins Educated in England, 

Corbin, Gawin, Student in Eng- 
land. 433 
Cordell, 211 

Cork Co., Ireland, 373, 374 
Corker, 45, 210 
Corkpegg, 375 
Corn, 46, 47, 55. 101, 137, 149, 151, 

392, 399, 401 
Corn Creek, 331 
Cornwallis, 11, 13, 186-192, 205, 

Coroner's Inquest 1624, 145 et 

Corse, 306. 421 
Cosbys, 215 
Costarde, 62 



Cottingley Park, 423 

Cotton, 92 

Coughlan, 373, 374 

Council and General Court 
Minutes, 1622-1629, 45 et 
seg., 136 et seq., 281 et seq. 

Council Papers, Virginia, 1698- 
1700, 67 et seq., 163 et seq., 
254 et seq., 384 et seq. 

Council, orders in regard to, 
1715, 4 et seq. 

Councillor, Oath of, 1698, 78 

Councillors, privileges of, 227 

Council, Members of, 1715 

Council Books, 226 

Council, Journals, 118 

Councillor's Commission, 181 

Courts, 227 et seq., 251, 253 et 

Courts in Virginia, 1666, 38 et 

Court of Oyer & Terminer, 121 

Counties of Virginia, how gov- 
erned, 1666, 38 

Coventry, Secretary, 363, 364, 

Cox, 277, 280, 374 

Cradox, 378 

Crafford, 375 

Crain, 305 

Crampe, 288 

Cranke, 82 

Crashaw, 140, 152 

Craven, 64 

Crawhorn, 380 

Cresacre, 312 

Creswell, 426 

Cridlin, 269 

Crockett, 338, 343 

Crockett's Regiment, Va., Reso- 
lution, 344 

Croghan, 299 

Croshaw, 46, 47 

Croser, 144 

Cross, 86 

Crotty, 375 

Crouch, 277 

Croughan, 301, 303, 379, 382, 383 

Crowdick, 289 

Crowe, 105 

Crozier, 200 

Crump, 382 

Crutcher, 428, 429 

Cud worth, 310 

Culpeper, Lord, 367, 368. 435 

Culpeper Co., 305-309. 319, 427 

Culpeper (town), 428 

Cumberland Co., 314 
Cunningham, 223, 249, 277, 278 
Currency, 16, 28, 107, 117, 153, 

213, 225 et seq., 245-248, 249, 

250, 253, vii 
Curtis, 62 
Gushing, iii 
Custis, 75. 92, 180, 181, 243, 322, 

396, 432, xvi 
Custis, J. P. to Col. Baylor, 1752 

(?), 92 
Custis, John, Commission as 

Councillor, 1699, 180 
Customs, Comptroller General 

OF, TO Governor Nicholson, 


Dabney, 161, 201, 296, 301, 339, 

340, 341, 342, 382 
Dade, 315 
Dainzee, 84 
Dalston, 198 
Danberry, 251 
Dameron, 320 

Dana, Edmund, Student in Eng- 
land, 434 
Dancy, 84, 85, 86 
Dandridge, 11 
Daniel, 279 
Danville, 195 
Darien Settlement (Scotch), 

Orders in Regard to, 1699, 

170, 171 
Dart, 251 
Dartmouth, 238 
Davies, 55, 82 
Daunsey, 148 
Davies, 82 
Davis. 12, 13, 51, 55, 60, 63, 131, 

150, 202, 236, 244, 246, 277, 

287, 434, ix 
Dean, John, Confession of, 1677, 

Debnam, 84 
Decanters, 411 
De Jarnette, 122 
De Jarnette Papers, 359 
De Keyser, 417 
De Koven, 447. 448 
De La Muce, 182, 390 
Delaware River, 185 
Delogier, 279 
Denby, 200 
Denholme, 311, 423 
Denison, 213 
Denization. Order in Regard to, 

1699, 254 et seq. 


Dent, 278 

Deptford Ketch, ship, 238, 362 

Derbyshire, 200 

De Sailly, 3, 90 

D'Estray, 189 

Devon, 251 

Devonshire, 98 

Dewey, 86 

Dick, 342 

Dickerson, 10, 222, 278, 325 

Dickerson'e, 206 

Digges. 3, 81, 204 

Digroy, 293 

Dllke, 66 

Dillard, 278, 279 

Dillener, 278 

Dillingham, 278, 279 

Dillion, 278 

Dillon, 250, 278 

Dilloner, 277 

Dinwiddle, Robert (probate 

1770), 253 
Dinwiddle, 88 
Dinwiddle Co., ix 
Dinwiddie, Governor, 438 
Dixon. 106, 107, 108, 151, 287, 292 
Doak, 19 
Dodman, 207 
Dolphin, ship, 419 
Dominica, 193 
Donaldson, 86 
Dongan, 435 
Dooly, 278 
Dorsett, 68, 69, 252 
Douglas, 222 
Dover, 194 
Dowdee, 254 
Downraan, 197, 283 
Draper, 110 
Drummond, 359 
Dublin, Ireland. 249, 372, 374 
Dublin (slave), 375 
Dudley, Elizabeth, &c., Letter, 

177, 371 
Duel Proposed, 127 
Duff, 436 
Duke, 251 
Dulaney, 212 
Duncan, 431 
Duncanson, 840 
Dungarvan. 373 
Dunlop, 279 
Dunlop. Elizabeth Hill, epitaph 

(1780), 439 
Dun, 1S4 
Dunmore, 110 
Dunn, 277 

Dunning, 435 

Dutch, Captures by, 1667, 122 

Dutch Church, Norwich, 417 

Dutchmen, '417 

Duties, import and export in 

Virginia, 1699, 175 et seq. 
Duty boys, 137 
Dyn-Gurd, 422 
Earle&, 278 
Easoms, 11 
East, 280 
East Sutton, 153 
Eastern Branch, 419 
East Riding, 212 
Eastern Shore, 175, 419 
"Eastern View," 212, 316, 421 
Eastes, 280 
Easoms, 11 
Easton, 222 
Effingham, Lord, 324 
Egers, 253 
Edgers, 253 
Eggleston, 323 
Eckenrode, 446, xviii 
Edan, 65 

Edenton, N. C, 448 
Education, 82, 90, 98, 204, 205, 

213, 322 et seq., 433 
Education — Corbins Educated in 

England, 204 
Education — Virginians in Great 

Britain, 196 et seq. 
Edinburgh, University of, Virgin- 
ians at, 196 et seq. 
Edinbubgh, Two Students from 

Virginia at, etc., 322 et seq. 
Edloe, 84, 86 
Edmonds, 341 
Edmondson, 277, 278 
Edmondson, 278 
Edmonson, 85 
Edmondston, vii 
Edwards. 277, 278 
Edwyn, ship, 286 
Elizabeth City, 47, 197, 198, 252, 

Elizabeth (Pinnace), 46 
Elizabeth (ship), 47, 125 
Elizabethtown, Ky., 428, 429 
Elizabeth River, 140, 419 
Elliot. 184 

Elliott, 184, 185. 310 
Elkins, 278 
Ellingsworth, 312 
Ellis, 287, 374 
Ellers, 287 

£S 'ucsniJI 


Ellys, 312 

Elysone, 53 

Ellynworth, 313 

Embry, 222 

Emerson, 55, 60 

Empkeoub Family, 417 et seq 

Enfield, 82 

England, 60, 102, 197, 255, 259, 
387, 418 

English, 282, 343 

English, Wm., Note on, 290 

Englishtown, 188 


Turner, Harry (1751), i08 
Smith, Nicholas (1734), 109 
Webb, Polly M. (1850), 331 
Gilchrist, Catherine (1769), 

Lightfoot, Sally S. (1859), 439 
Gilchrist, Robert (1790), 439 
Fox, Younger (1763), 439 
Lightfoot, Philip (1865), 439 
Lightfoot, Philip (1865), 439 
Dunlop, Elizabeth Hill (1780), 

Epperson, 184 

Eppes, 84, 85, 150, 218, 219, 32 <- 

Eppes. Christian (will), 1799, 

Eppes, Richard, will (1788), 218 

Episcopal Chapel, 108 

Episcopal Church, 23 

Essex Co., 96, 306, 307, 309, 374, 

Essex, England, 63, 433 

Eton, 82, 198, 199, 433 

Eton College, Virginians at, 197 
et seq. 

Eutaw Sp'gs, 19 

Everest, 320 

Ewell, 32. 298, 383 

Export Duties, 175-177 

Fairfax, 198 

"Fairfield," 420 

Fairhope, 329 

Fairweathers, 250 

Falconer, 154 

Falkland, 212, 306 

Falmouth, 438 

Fanlis (Foulis), 335 

Farm Utensils, 400, 401, 402, 403 

Farley, 147 

Parrell, 84 

Farris, 278, 279 

Fauntleroy, 108, 211, 212, 221, 

Fauquier County, 211, 421, 429, 

Fawdon, 63 
Fayer, 151 

Fearnought (horse), 90 
Feather Beds, 218 
Fcbiger, 157, 189-192 
Feld, 312 
Fenwick, 96, 97 
Ferguson, 277 
Ferrar, xvi 
Ferrer, 142, 143 
Field, 330 
Filmer, Dame Elizabeth, will 

(1638) with note, 153 
Filson Club, 111 
Filter, 222 
Firmely. 144 
Firth, vii 
Fisher, 137 
Fishkill, 299 
Fitt, 57 

Fitz Hugh, 197, 204, 212, 315, 319 
FiTziiUGH, Henry, Extbacts from 

Letter Book of, 437 
Fitzhugh, Henry, to Govjernor 

Dinwiddle, 438 
Fitzsimmons, 372 
Flagg, xi 
Flaherty, 374 

Flanders, 33, 87, 333, 374, 417 
Flax, 33 
Fleetwood, 154 
Fleming, 335 
Fletcher, 255 
Florida War, 211 
Flour, 378, 382 
Flournoy, 201, 202, 322 
Flowerdieu Hundred, 139 
Floyd, 192 
Fluvanna, 15, 103 
Fonford Church, 252 
Fontaine, 345 
Forborn, 84 
Forts, 33, 284, 285, 288 
Fort at Gray's Creek, Surry Co., 

Va.— "Smith's Fort," 210 et 

Fort Duquesne, 111 
Fort Lee, 185 
Fort Montgomery, 185 
Fort Randolph, 111 
Fort Smith, Ark., 88 
Forsyth, 346 
Foster, 88, 89, 191, 202 


Fowke, 376 

Fowler, 98, 176, 213, 386 

Fox, 94, 252 

Foxcroft, 243 

Pox, Younger, epitaph (1763), 

France, 277 
Francis, 17, 18 

Francis Bonaventure, ship, 283 
Franklin Co., Ky., 214 
Fredericks Co., 184, 199 
Fredericksburg, 21, 82, 104, 241, 

Freehold, 228 

Feee Negro in Virginia. The, 
By J. H. Russell, 1913. Re- 
view by H. J. Eckeurode, 445 
French and Indian War, 98, 438 
French and Indian War, Prince 
Edward County Soldiers in, 
Frere, 90, 95, 193-195 
Frere, Charles, letter, 1872, 194 
Frere, Mrs. Jane H., letter to 

Mrs. Baylor, 1795, 193 
Fresno-Cal, 329 
Frizinghall, 423 
Froward, 437 
Fryde, 154 
Fryer, 291 
Fulkerson, 280 
P\iller, 278 
Furguson, 280 

Furniture (of Ludwell estate), 
408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 
414, 415, 416, 417, 418 
Furs, 167 
Furtherance, ship, 52 

Gabeans, 158 

Gabriel's Insurrection, 221 

Gaines, 88, 307 

Gale, 305 

Galispie, 202 

Gait, 198, 249 

Gardner, 243, 278 

Garey, 368 

Garland, 83, 184, 191 

Garner, 280 

Garrison, 280 

Garrison Regiment, Virginia, 

Revolution, 342 
Gaskins, 300 
Gates, 57 
Gatewocd, 280 
Gaulding, 89 

Gauntlets, 53 

Gauntlett, 284 

Genesis (horse), 93 

Geneva, N. Y., 441 

George, 277, 280 

George (ship), 55, 57, 281, 287, 

Georgetown College, 83, 96, 97 
Gerardy, 419 

Germantown, 17, 161, 339 
Geyny, 48 

Gibbons, Lt. James, note on, 28 
Gibbs, 60, 188 
Gibraltar, 95 
Gibson, 26, 161, 293, 338, 339, 

Giffen. 432 
Giffin, 322 
Gitford, 308 
Gift (ship). 49, 287 
Gilchrist, Catherine, epitaph 

(1769), 438 
Gilchrist, Robert, epitaph (1769), 

Gildart, 305 
Gilkeson. 19 
Gill, 150, 189, 376 
Gillepand, 257 
Gilliam, 328 
Gillman, 144 
Gilmer, viii, 197 
Gist, 26, 159, 297 
Glasgow, 91, 437, 446 
Glendy, 20 * 

Glengarry Clan, 222 
Glen Mills, 316 
Glenn, 202 

Glohe, of London (ship), 253 
Gloucester, 196, 197, 198, 199 
Gloucestershire, 207 
Glover, Thomas, petition, 368 
Gluck, 64 
Goldsboro, 312 
"Gold Mine," 447 
Gooch, 111, 279 
Goochland Co.. 104, 207, 314 
Good, 201 
Goode, 201 
Goodall, 305 
Goodmon, Ix 
Goodwin, 198 
GooDWYN. Mitchell Raines, note, 

443, 444 
Gookin, 54 

Gordon, xviii, 222, 313 
Governors, Gifts to — Forbidden, 



Governor's house and salary, 355 

Gould Square, London, 90, 193 

Goven, 278 

Graham, 221, 322 

Grammar School, 198 

Grand Assembly, 243 

Grandison, Earl, 374 

Grange, 374 

Grant, 437 

Grantham, 360 

Gr'antley, 212 

Graves, 209, 277, 279 

Gray, 305-306 

Gray's Creek, 210, 211 

Grey's Inn, 322 

Gray's Inn, Virginians at, 197 et 

Grayson, 8, 13, 338, 339 
Grehicks, 374 

Great Britain, 88, 90-93, 231 
Great Kanawha, xu. 111 
Green, 88, 103, 374 
Greenbrier, 10 
Greene, 425 
Greenhill, 148 
Green Spring, 241, 243, 248, 359, 

397, 405, 418 
Greenville, S. C., 196 
Greenway, xv 
Gregory, 184 
Gressett, 86 
Griffin, 197, 198 
Griffith, 278 
Griggs, 278 

Grigsby, 206, 223, 320, 321 
Grinstead School, Virginians at 

Grinden, 286 
Grove, 20 

Grymes, 52, 101, 198, 397 
Guardian, 376 
Guinea, 204 

Guilford C. H., 13, 18, 195, 202 
Gwatkin, 295, 300, 381 
Gwynn's Island, 195 

Habeas Corpus, order in regard 

to, 119 et seq. 
Hackensack, 189 
Hackley, 429 
Hackney School, 433 
Haddock, 318 
Hailey, 278, 279 
Hairston, 279 
Hales, 93 
Haley, 278 

Halifax, 84, 195, 203 

Halila, 286 

Hall, 318 

Hall End, 205 

Haley, 279 

Hamden, 144 

Hamer, 51, 56, 57, 62, 139, 147, 
150, 151, 284 et seq., 286 

Hamor, 137, 209 

Hamilton, 161, 278, 280, 294, 379 

Hamilton, Va., 203 

Hamiltons, 222 

Hammond Court, 97 

Hampden-Sidney College, Dis- 
couese on the livbs and 
Characters of the Early 
Presidents and Trustees of, 
By H. B. Grigsby. Review, 

Hampden-Sidney College, 202, 
223 822 

Hampton, 82, 252, 278, 283 

Hand, 10 

Hanley, 430 

Hannah, 278. 279 

Hanover Co., 198, 314, 436, 447 

Hanover Parish, 107 

Hanover Town, 436 

Hard, 186 

Hardes Broke, 423 

Hardyng Becke, 423 

Hardin Co., Ky, 428 

Hardy, 207, 278, 444, vii 

Hardyman, 84, 85, 86 

Harper, 294 

Harper's Ferry, 211 

Harris, 137, 257, 426, 433 

Harrison, 3, 55, 56, 62, 63, 67, 75, 
85, 86, 147, 176, 222, 375. 

Harrisonburg, 220 

Harrold, 57 

Harrow, 196 

Harrow, Virginians at, 198 et seq. 

Hart, 335, 426 

Hartwell, 366, 368, 369 

Hartwell, William, note on, 359 

Harvard College, 434 

Harvey, 74, 200, 289, 291, 427 

Harwich, 63 

Harwood, 84, 85, 86, 238 

Hasbrouck Heights, 206 

Haskins, 202 

Haswell, 93 

Hatley, 194 

Haule, 64 

Hause, 294, 382 



Haverford, 223 

Haversham, 261 

Haverstraw, 301, 397, 381-383 

Hawes, 18 

Hawkins, 15, 88, 89, 278, 280, 

Hawksworth, 148 
Hawles, 255 
Hay, 299 
Hayman, 176 
Haynie, 109, 326 
Haynsworth, 312 
Hays, 19, 20 
Hayse, 280, 428 
Hayward, 57 
Hayden's Virginia Genealogies, 

Heacham Haix (illustration) 

(Correct to), 104a 
Heacham Church Hall (illus- 
tration) (Correct to), 104a 
Heacham, 105, 106 

Head Money, 175 
Heaton, 313, 423 

Heitman, 111, 440 

Hely, 374 

Hemp, 33, 91, 93 

Henderson, 306, 329 

Hendrick, 89 

Hendricks, 184, 185, 187-192 

Henneman, vii 

Henrico Co., 103, 184, 198, 211, 

Henry, 334, 335, 338, 340, 341 

Henry County Marriage Bonds, 
1776-1800, 277 ct seq. 

He^vry, Patrtck, Portraits of, 
By C. H. Hart, Phil., 1913. 
Review, 335 

Henry vi, 422 

Herbert, 306 

Heroington, 189 

Hervey, 89 

Hessians, 185 

Hethersell, 64 

Heydon, 81 

Heyl, 421 

Hewet, 65 

Hickes, 81, 279 

Hickman, 221 

Hlckmonte, 145 

Hide, 53 

Higgins, 287 

Highland Co.. 110 

High Gate, 98 

Highland Coitntt, Va., by O. P. 
Morton. Review, 110 

Hill, 84, 160, 173, 175, 178, 183, 
256, 265, 268, 277, 301, 359, 
380, 387, 391 
Hill, Capt. Thomas, note on, 160 
Hillsboro, N. C, 18 
Historical and Genealogical 
Notes and Querries, 81 et 
seq., 193 et seq., 317 et seq., 
431 et seq. 
Hoare, William, petition, 3GS 

Hobson, 52, 285 

Hoch, 126 

Hockaday, 184 

Hodges, 75 

Hodgkins, 92, 307 

Hodson, 437 

Hoff, 159 

Hog Island, 284, 286 

Hogans, 278 

Hoge, 440 

Hoggatt, 207 

Holcombe, 201 

Holdener, 430 

Holladay, 103, 279 

Holland, 85, 144, 197, 201, 202, 

Hollins, Va., 312, x 

Holmes, 280, 323 

Holston River, 9 

Holt, Arthur, Student in Eng- 
land, 433 

Hone, 360 

Hooe, 287, 438 

Hooe, Rice, note on, 287 

Hooker, 253, 279 

Hooker, Peter, will (1639), 253 

Hooper, 93, 94 

Hopkins, 184, 211, 334 

Hopper, 277, 278 

Horbin, 417, 418 

Hord, 440 

Horses, 93, 218, 250 

Horsforth, 425 

Horsmanden, 154 

Horton, 313, 423 

Horwood, 53, 55, 286 

Hoskins, 148, 221 

Hotham, 194 

Hott Water, 397 

"Hot Water," Battle of, 9 

Hotten, 53 

Hough, 418 

House, oldest dated brick in Va., 

Houston. 332 

How, 287, 292 

Howe, 287 


Howard, 21, 83. 145, 200, 201, 284, 

287, 324, 359, vii 
Howell, 89, 203 
Hubbard, 84, 279 
Hudson, 308 

Hudson Fa. .ily, note on, 436 
HuGENOT Settlers in Virginia, 

Proclamations in Regard to, 

1700, 181 et seq. 
Hume, xii 

Hunt, 212, 234, 278, 359, 365, 421- 

Hunter, 87, 232, 277, 279, 421 
Huston, 278, 280 
Hyde, vii 
Hyden, 19 

Illinois, 344 

Illinois State Historical Library, 

343, 446 
Illinois Regiment, Va., Revolu- 
tion, 342 
Illinois Troop Light Dragoons, 

Va., Revolution, 344 

Brent, Robt. James, portrait, 

Heacham Church, 104a 
Heacham Hall, 104a 
Smith's Fort House, 208a 
Pocahontas, 208a 
Smith's Fort, view from bluff 

at, 210a 
Smith's Fort, remains of earth- 
works, 210a 
Boiling Hall, Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, 310a 
Import Duties, 175-177 
Indians, 9, 11, 46, 37, 44„ 47, 46- 
66, 128-135, 182, 240, 344, 354, 
362, 431 
Indians, trade with, 351 
Indians, murders by, 285 
Indian Massacre, 209, 282, 306 
Inglis, 75 
Ingram, 237 
Inner Temple, Virginians at, 196 

et seq. 
Inventory of Estate of Philip 

LuDWELL, 1769, 397 et seq. 
Irby, 86 

Ireland, 60, 203, 251, 372, 376 
Irion, 333 
Iron, 91 

Isle of Wight, 52, 63, 207 
Isle of Wight Co., Church in, 
1652, 207 

Isle of Kent, 248 
Islington School, Virginians at, 

Jacob, 373 

Jacksone, 50, 57, 278, 376 

Jackson's River, 11 

Jamaica, 127, 204, 418 

Jamerson, 278 

James, 417, 418, 446, vi 

James (ship), 138 

James City, 45 et seq., 52, 53, 59, 
66, 72, 146, 165, 209-211, 287, 
289, 367 

James City Co., 235, 366, 368, 369 

Jamestown, 11, 33, 64, 139, 286 

Jamestov/n, fort at, 33 

James River, 55, 61, 125, 175, 184, 
285, 359 

Jay, 101 

Jefferson, 12 

Jefferson Co., 211, 315, 429 

Jefferson Co., Ky., 430 

Jeffreys, 145, 246, 239, 362, 363, 
365, 366, 367, 378 

Jenifer, 243 

Jenkinson, 154 

Jenings, 3 

Jenner, 105 

Jenny's 176 

Jersey, 181, 185 

Jersey City 

Jett, 108, 421 

Jewelry, 153, 250 

John & Francis (ship), 283 

John Hopewell (ship), 256 

Jonathan (ship), 291 

Johns Hopkins Press, 445 

Johnson, 53, 64, 67, 68, 81, 84, 
103, 216, 217, 293, 314 

Johnson. Richard, to the Gov- 
ernor, 1698, 67 

Johnston, 88, 249 

Joline, XV 

Jones, 75, 82, 84. 87, 88, 106, 198, 
221, 222, 278, 280, 309, 317- 
320, 322-323, 336, 361, 428 

Jones. John Paul. Life and Let- 
ters OF, By Mrs. Reginald 
DE KovEN, 1913. Review, 

Jones, Captain Roger, and Some 
OF His Descendants. Nev? 
Edition, by L. H. Jones. Re- 
view, 221 

Jones, Captain Roger. 317 et seq. 



Jordan, 142, 143, 144, 145, 184, 

243, 314, 360 
Jordan, Mrs. Cicely, Case of, 142 

et seq. 145 
Jordan's Journey, 282 
Jowett, 313 
Joyce, 278 
Judge, 374 
Julian, William, note on, 141 

Kakeate, 25-32, 155-162 

Kanawha, 111 

Kannon, 279 

Kaskia, 342 

Kearney, 252 

Kelley, 278 

Kennedy, vii 

Kenner, 97, 198 

Kennon, 85, 86, 189, 222 

Kensington, 254 

Kent, xviii, 221, 322 

Kent, England, 153 

Kentucky, 103, 190, 328, 428, 431 

Keeps, 93 

Key, F. S., Portrait of, 82 

Kicotan, 63, 142, 283 

Kickotan, Congregation at, 1624, 

Kickotan, Titles to land at, 141 

KiDD, Captain, Order as to, 1698, 

Kilbrush, 374 

Kilbee, 373 

Kilcoskin, 249, 372 

Kilkenny Co., Ireland, 373 

Kilmolish, 374 

Kilvert, 419 

King, 256, 278, 435 

King and Queen Co., 197, 433 

King George, 108, 197, 199 

King George Co., 106, 167, 424,